2005
Hedging Education
Hedging Education
This article ran in the Spring 2016 issue of The American Prospect magazine . Subscribe here . N ot too long ago, school board races were quaint affairs. Even…
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9 hours ago
The (dis)information mercenaries now controlling Trump’s databases
The (dis)information mercenaries now controlling Trump’s databases
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10 hours ago
Microtargeting of low-information voters – Paul-Olivier Dehaye – Medium
Microtargeting of low-information voters – Paul-Olivier Dehaye – Medium
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10 hours ago
www.nytimes.com
Why BuzzFeed News Published the Dossier
Selman Design Since BuzzFeed News published a 35-page dossier of unverified allegations about ties between President Donald J. Trump and Russia, I’ve heard a…
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12 hours ago
The Quiet Revolution That Transformed Women’s Employment, Education, and Family
Women’s increased involvement in the economy was the most significant change in labor markets during the past century. Their modern economic role emerged in the United States in four distinct phases. The first three were evolutionary; the last was revolutionary
employment  labor  work 
16 hours ago
Democracy 3.0: A new Quartz science-fiction story about what comes next in America — Quartz
Democracy 3.0: A science-fiction story about what comes next in America.
Today is the day we switch the system on. Am I nervous? Of course I am. There could be indexing failures, field mismatches, table schema conflicts, a Russian…
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6 days ago
Rebuilding legitimacy in a post-truth age – Duncan Watts – Medium
Rebuilding legitimacy in a post-truth age – Duncan Watts – Medium
Co-written with David Rothschild The current state of public and political discourse is in disarray. Politicians lie with impunity . Traditional news…
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6 days ago
C3TV - Retail Surveillance / Retail Countersurveillance / Adam Harvey
From geo-magnetic tracking for smartphones to facial recognition for email marketing, from physical shopping cart fingerprinting to computer vision algorithms that use your clothing as metadata, this talk will explore the emerging landscape of hyper-competitive retail surveillance. Instead of dramatizing these technologies which can lead to calcification and normalization, the aim of this talk is to energize discourse around building creative solutions to counter, adapt to, or rethink emerging surveillance technologies.
manipulation  surveillance  retail 
7 days ago
King of Clickbait - The New Yorker
King of Clickbait
Emerson Spartz calls himself an aggregator, but he acts more like a day trader. Credit Illustration by Oliver Munday One afternoon in June, Emerson Spartz, an…
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8 days ago
Trump and the Revolt of the Rust Belt | USAPP
Trump and the Revolt of the Rust Belt
Much has been made of the inaccuracy of exit polls and voting projections amidst Trump’s shocking win this week. Michael McQuarrie argues, however, that to…
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14 days ago
Our Next President: Also Brought to You by Big Data and Digital Advertising
Our Next President: Also Brought to You by Big Data and Digital Advertising
Facebook Election Day badge (Photo by Joey Kotfica/Contributor/Getty Images) The ease of promoting and profiting from fake news , the use of social media to…
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17 days ago
302 Found
Media, Technology, Politics – Data & Society: Points
Recommended by you, Seth Young , and Data & Society Data & Society is a research institute focused on social and cultural issues arising from data-centric…
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17 days ago
www.nytimes.com
The Problem With ‘Self-Investigation’ in a Post-Truth Era
Illustration by Javier Jaén No one would argue that Edgar Welch , the 28-year-old North Carolina man who loaded his car with weapons in early December and drove…
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21 days ago
[1606.08813] European Union regulations on algorithmic decision-making and a "right to explanation"
We summarize the potential impact that the European Union's new General Data Protection Regulation will have on the routine use of machine learning algorithms. Slated to take effect as law across the EU in 2018, it will restrict automated individual decision-making (that is, algorithms that make decisions based on user-level predictors) which "significantly affect" users. The law will also effectively create a "right to explanation," whereby a user can ask for an explanation of an algorithmic decision that was made about them. We argue that while this law will pose large challenges for industry, it highlights opportunities for computer scientists to take the lead in designing algorithms and evaluation frameworks which avoid discrimination and enable explanation.
algorithms  accountability  fatml 
24 days ago
Hold Your Machine Learning and AI Models Accountable – Pachyderm Data – Medium
“Organizations that use ML to make user-impacting decisions must be able to fully explain the data and algorithms that resulted in a particular decision.”
accountability  fatml 
24 days ago
Lies, Damn Lies, And Viral Content How News Websites Spread (And Debunk) Online Rumors, Unverified Claims, And Misinformation
News organizations are meant to play a critical role in the dissemination of quality, accurate information in society. This has become more challenging with the onslaught of hoaxes, misinformation, and other forms of inaccurate content that flow constantly over digital platforms.
journalism  information  deception 
25 days ago
Risk, Race, & Recidivism: Predictive Bias and Disparate Impact by Jennifer L. Skeem, Christopher T. Lowenkamp :: SSRN
One way to unwind mass incarceration without compromising public safety is to use risk assessment instruments in sentencing and corrections. Although these instruments figure prominently in current reforms, critics argue that benefits in crime control will be offset by an adverse effect on racial minorities. Based on a sample of 34,794 federal offenders, we examine the relationships among race, risk assessment (the Post Conviction Risk Assessment [PCRA]), and future arrest. First, application of well-established principles of psychological science revealed little evidence of test bias for the PCRA — the instrument strongly predicts arrest for both Black and White offenders and a given score has essentially the same meaning — i.e., same probability of recidivism — across groups. Second, Black offenders obtain higher average PCRA scores than White offenders (d= 0.34; 13.5% non-overlap in groups’ scores), so some applications could create disparate impact. Third, most (66%) of the racial difference in PCRA scores is attributable to criminal history — which is already embedded in sentencing guidelines. Finally, criminal history is not a proxy for race, but instead mediates the relationship between race and future arrest . Data are more helpful than rhetoric, if the goal is to improve practice at this opportune moment in history.
fairness  criminaljustice  FCR 
25 days ago
Poe’s law explains why 2016 was so terrible.
The Internet Law—No, Not Godwin’s—That Explains Why 2016 Was So Terrible
Pepe the Frog, the anti-Semitic cartoon mascot of “hipster Nazi” white nationalism. Screenshot via CNN We will all remember 2016’s political theater for many…
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25 days ago
Education Technology and the Ideology of Personalization
Education Technology and the Ideology of Personalization
13 min read This is part nine of my annual review of the year in ed-tech Facebook’s Plans to “Personalize” Education Facebook, like many digital technology…
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4 weeks ago
Facebook’s plan to fight fake news is sensibly cautious.
Facebook’s Plan to Fight Fake News Is Sensibly Cautious
Facebook’s new crackdown on fake news includes partnerships with fact-checking organizations to flag false stories as “disputed." Facebook As fake news and…
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5 weeks ago
Fake News Will Go Away if the Tech Behind the Ads Won't Pay | WIRED
Fake News Will Go Away if the Tech Behind the Ads Won’t Pay
Then One/Wired At the end of 2016, the anger trade is a good business to be in. Audiences are reading and sharing fake “news” that stirs partisan ire while…
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5 weeks ago
Silicon Valley VCs are growing wary of on-demand delivery| Reuters
Silicon Valley VCs are growing wary of on-demand delivery
Michael Moritz - chairman of Sequoia Capital and one of the most successful venture capitalists in history - says a simple vision led him to invest hundreds of…
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5 weeks ago
302 Found
Facebook Is Fighting the Worst Fake News Offenders
Facebook’s new Scarlet Letter: D for disputed. Facebook Pins a Scarlet Letter to Fake News New tools and policies take on the News Feed’s worst offenders. But…
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5 weeks ago
Who said what inside the Trump tech meeting: Immigration, paid maternity leave and becoming the ‘software president’ - Recode
Who said what inside the Trump tech meeting: Immigration, maternity leave, the grid and becoming the "software president"
The leaders of tech were close-mouthed their meeting with President-elect Donald Trump yesterday in New York, saying little about it, both before and after in…
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5 weeks ago
Google, democracy and the truth about internet search | Technology | The Guardian
Google, democracy and the truth about internet search
Be careful what you search for... Google’s predictive questions can lead you down some dark roads.Photograph: Michael Gottschalk/Photothek via Getty Images H…
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5 weeks ago
Autocracy: Rules for Survival | by Masha Gessen | NYR Daily | The New York Review of Books
Autocracy: Rules for Survival
Andrew Kelly TPX/Reuters Protesters outside Trump Tower the day after the election, New York City, November 9, 2016 “Thank you, my friends. Thank you. Thank…
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5 weeks ago
www.nytimes.com
On Twitter, a Battle Among Political Bots
On social media, our political battles are increasingly automated. People who head to Twitter to discuss their ideals are, often unwittingly, conversing with…
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5 weeks ago
SAGE Journals: Your gateway to world-class journal research
Seeing without knowing: Limitations of the transparency ideal and its application to algorithmic accountability - Dec 13, 2016
The observer must be included within the focus of observation, and what can be studied is always a relationship or an infinite regress of relationships. Never a…
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5 weeks ago
Our Automated Future - The New Yorker
Our Automated Future
“Reshoring,” the return of once off-shored operations, is fuelled by automation: salaries aren’t an issue without the salaried. Credit Illustration by Matt…
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5 weeks ago
Business leaders must speak — loudly and clearly — against the abuses and excesses that Trump has promised - Recode
Business leaders must speak — loudly and clearly — against the abuses and excesses that Trump has promised
Tomorrow we will see many of the most prominent and influential business leaders in the technology world meet with president-elect Donald Trump . Given his…
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5 weeks ago
www.nytimes.com
When Trump Meets Tech Leaders, Jobs Will Be on the Agenda
SAN FRANCISCO — At the top of the agenda when President-elect Donald J. Trump meets with tech leaders on Wednesday afternoon : jobs, jobs and more jobs. Other…
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5 weeks ago
Who wrote The Silicon Ideology? | Fusion
A Mysterious Author Just Wrote a Fascinating History of the Alt-right
Last month, an academic-looking paper titled “The Silicon Ideology” was uploaded to the Internet Archive . It is only 20 pages long, and has the generous…
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5 weeks ago
www.nytimes.com
Forget AT&T. The Real Monopolies Are Google and Facebook.
Jeff Chiu/Associated Press The proposed merger of AT&T and Time Warner has drawn censure from both sides of the political aisle, as well as a Senate hearing…
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5 weeks ago
Numerai | Union Square Ventures
Numerai | Union Square Ventures
“ Part of the genius of the Internet is its ability to coordinate the actions of many disparate and geographically diverse people by eliminating the marginal…
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5 weeks ago
As Trumplethinskin lets down his hair for tech, shame on Silicon Valley for climbing the Tower in silence - Recode
As Trumplethinskin lets down his hair for tech, shame on Silicon Valley for climbing the Tower in silence
Hoo boy, would I have liked to be in the room when Sheryl Sandberg/Tim Cook/Larry Page/fill-in-your-billionaire-tech-leader-here were reacting to the tech…
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5 weeks ago
Letters: data is not the new oil, it is worthless without investment | Global | The Guardian
Letters: data is not the new oil, it is worthless without investment
Attention is being focused on how we can make the best use of harvested data for society.Photograph: Alamy Given the current anti-expert feeling, I’m reluctant…
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5 weeks ago
Rethinking AI100. Being Human in the Age of Intelligent Machines. | The Huffington Post
Rethinking AI100. Being Human in the Age of Intelligent Machines.
Being Human in the Age of Intelligent Machines –– Rethinking AI100. Siri. Alexa. Watson. DeepMind. Tesla. Uber. Google Car. In many households across North…
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5 weeks ago
The cult of compulsory happiness is ruining our workplaces | André Spicer | Opinion | The Guardian
The cult of compulsory happiness is ruining our workplaces | André Spicer
Illustration by Nathalie Lees. I n their quest to make employees happier, companies around the world have been busy installing play equipment in the workplace.…
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6 weeks ago
The British data-crunchers who say they helped Donald Trump to win
The British data-crunchers who say they helped Donald Trump to win
It’s the Brits wot won it. That is, the US presidential election was won for Donald Trump with the help of a bunch of British nerds — data scientists from a…
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6 weeks ago
Cruz-Connected Data Miner Aims to Get Inside U.S. Voters' Heads - Bloomberg Politics
Cruz-Connected Data Miner Aims to Get Inside U.S. Voters' Heads
I had spent about a half hour in the headquarters of Cambridge Analytica before I realized why my arrival at the tech firm—in a low-rise office building lodged…
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6 weeks ago
This Analysis Shows How Fake Election News Stories Outperformed Real News On Facebook - BuzzFeed News
Here's How Fake Election News Outperformed Real Election News On Facebook
BuzzFeed / Getty Images In the final three months of the US presidential campaign, the top-performing fake election news stories on Facebook generated more…
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6 weeks ago
Russia Weaponized Social Media in U.S. Election, FireEye Says - Bloomberg
Russia Weaponized Social Media in U.S. Election, FireEye Says
Russia’s government didn’t just hack and leak documents from U.S. political groups during the presidential campaign: It used social media as a weapon to…
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6 weeks ago
Lunch with my friend, the Trump supporter – Ethan Zuckerman – Medium
Lunch with my friend, the Trump supporter
Two week ago, I wrote an op-ed for CNN.com on Steve Bannon, the “alt-right” and white nationalism . It got the reaction I usually get when I write on CNN —…
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6 weeks ago
www.theguardian.com
Revealed: Rio Tinto's plan to use drones to monitor workers' private lives
Accommodation for Rio Tinto staff in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. The company plans to allow drones to fly overhead to monitor staff…
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6 weeks ago
Europe should regulate Facebook and Google – Leighton Andrews – Medium
Europe should regulate Facebook and Google
Europe should regulate Facebook and Google If Mark Twain were offering advice today, he’d probably say ‘buy time, they’re not making any more of it.’ Certainly…
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6 weeks ago
Fake-News Sites Inadvertently Funded by Big Brands - WSJ
Fake-News Sites Inadvertently Funded by Big Brands
World News Daily Report, a website that peddles made-up stories, posted a story headlined 'Yoko Ono: 'I Had An Affair With Hillary Clinton In The ‘70s.'' “Yoko…
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6 weeks ago
These Professors Make More Than a Thousand Bucks an Hour Peddling Mega-Mergers - ProPublica
These Professors Make More Than a Thousand Bucks an Hour Peddling Mega-Mergers
I f the government ends up approving the $85 billion AT&T-Time Warner merger, credit won’t necessarily belong to the executives, bankers, lawyers, and lobbyists…
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6 weeks ago
Principles for Technology Rights and Opportunity
Principles for Technology Rights and Opportunity
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6 weeks ago
302 Found
The code I’m still ashamed of
The code I’m still ashamed of If you write code for a living, there’s a chance that at some point in your career, someone will ask you to code something a…
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6 weeks ago
The Frankfurt School Knew Trump Was Coming - The New Yorker
The Frankfurt School Knew Trump Was Coming - The New Yorker
With the election of Donald Trump, the latent threat of American authoritarianism—identified decades ago by German intellectuals—is on the verge of being…
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6 weeks ago
What Gamergate should have taught us about the 'alt-right' | Technology | The Guardian
What Gamergate should have taught us about the 'alt-right'
The similarities between Gamergate and the current so called ‘alt-right’ movement are huge, startling, and in no way a coincidence.Photograph: Getty…
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7 weeks ago
Reddit will limit the reach of a pro-Trump board and crack down on its ‘most toxic users’ - The Washington Post
Reddit will limit the reach of a pro-Trump board and crack down on its ‘most toxic users’
Steve Huffman and Emmett Shear speak at The Washington Post’s Transformers event. (April Greer for The Washington Post) Very occasionally, a war on Reddit…
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7 weeks ago
Reddit Is Tearing Itself Apart
Reddit Is Tearing Itself Apart
For the past 11 years, an eternity in internet time, Reddit has touted itself—repeatedly, and loudly—as the place to have “authentic conversations” online. For…
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7 weeks ago
The surprising implications of the Microsoft/Ireland warrant case - The Washington Post
The surprising implications of the Microsoft/Ireland warrant case
The Justice Department filed a petition for rehearing last month in the Microsoft/Ireland warrant case . Although I’m skeptical that rehearing will be granted,…
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7 weeks ago
Despite Hamilton, a group of actors quietly gathered the data that shows Broadway's serious diversity problem — Quartz
Broadway won't document its race problem, so a group of actors quietly gathered the data themselves
One actor’s Facebook rant started a movement. In the spring of 2011 performer Pun Bandhu was rejected from the final-round of auditions for an Off-Broadway…
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7 weeks ago
Opinion: The dangers of faulty, biased, or malicious algorithms requires independent oversight
Opinion: The dangers of faulty, biased, or malicious algorithms requires independent oversight
a Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland , College Park, MD 20742 Extract Free Full Text Figures Related Content PDF The recent crash of a…
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7 weeks ago
Bruno Latour: The promises of constructivism
A discussion of how we went too far with social construction
reflexivity  theory 
7 weeks ago
Precision Medicine's Post-Racial Promise - The Atlantic
How Precision Medicine Could Move Health Care Beyond Race
Race and medicine have a long, fraught history. From eugenics to social Darwinism to medical experiments on slaves , the use of race as a basis for medical…
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7 weeks ago
How Racism Creeps Into Medicine - The Atlantic
How Racism Creeps Into Medicine
In 1864, the year before the Civil War ended, a massive study was launched to quantify the bodies of Union soldiers. One key finding in what would become a…
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7 weeks ago
points.datasociety.net
Phones, but No Papers – Data & Society: Points
New Vulnerabilities in On-demand Work Emerging forms of on-demand low-wage work done through online labor platforms like Uber, Postmates, and Amazon Mechanical…
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8 weeks ago
points.datasociety.net
Spike in Online Gig Work – Data & Society: Points
Flash in the Pan or Future of Employment? Most conventional jobs involve hierarchy. A boss divvies up work to the office’s full-time employees awaiting…
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8 weeks ago
points.datasociety.net
Imagining the Sharing Economy – Data & Society: Points
If you’ve been watching Points lately, you’ve seen several posts about the Pew Research Center for Internet, Science and Technology’s new survey report, Gig…
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8 weeks ago
points.datasociety.net
“These Days, Everyone Needs a Side Hustle” – Data & Society: Points
Pew Data Uncovers a Gig Economy Born of our Precarious Times Uber has TV ads now. The one I see most often is called “Get Your Side Hustle On.” It opens with a…
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8 weeks ago
points.datasociety.net
We’re Not All Entrepreneurs – Data & Society: Points
Pew Data Reveals Yawning Gaps in “Platform Economy” The ideal of entrepreneurship permeates contemporary culture and society — from online retailers championing…
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8 weeks ago
Teaching on Day 1 of Trump | Social Media Collective
Teaching on Day 1 of Trump
This post was spurred by an email from Tarleton Gillespie and Hector Postigo to contribute to a collected series that appeared on Culture Digitally today. The…
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8 weeks ago
[1610.05755] Semi-supervised Knowledge Transfer for Deep Learning from Private Training Data
Some machine learning applications involve training data that is sensitive, such as the medical histories of patients in a clinical trial. A model may inadvertently and implicitly store some of its training data; careful analysis of the model may therefore reveal sensitive information.
To address this problem, we demonstrate a generally applicable approach to providing strong privacy guarantees for training data. The approach combines, in a black-box fashion, multiple models trained with disjoint datasets, such as records from different subsets of users. Because they rely directly on sensitive data, these models are not published, but instead used as "teachers" for a "student" model. The student learns to predict an output chosen by noisy voting among all of the teachers, and cannot directly access an individual teacher or the underlying data or parameters. The student's privacy properties can be understood both intuitively (since no single teacher and thus no single dataset dictates the student's training) and formally, in terms of differential privacy. These properties hold even if an adversary can not only query the student but also inspect its internal workings.
Compared with previous work, the approach imposes only weak assumptions on how teachers are trained: it applies to any model, including non-convex models like DNNs. We achieve state-of-the-art privacy/utility trade-offs on MNIST and SVHN thanks to an improved privacy analysis and semi-supervised learning.
machinelearning  fatml  security  toread 
8 weeks ago
When Presidents Lie | The Nation
When Presidents Lie
Presidential dishonesty, like so many things in life, is not what it used to be. Before the 1960s, few could even imagine that a President would deliberately…
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8 weeks ago
www.nytimes.com
The Secret Agenda of a Facebook Quiz
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8 weeks ago
Facebook Must Acknowledge and Change Its Financial Incentives - NYTimes.com
Facebook Must Acknowledge and Change Its Financial Incentives - NYTimes.com
The problem of “fake news” is not necessarily a problem of technology. Rather, it is linked to the economic and organizational incentives behind Facebook’s News…
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8 weeks ago
backchannel.com
According to Snopes, Fake News Is Not the Problem – Backchannel
Take it from the internet’s chief myth busters: The problem is the failing media. Snopes Managing Editor Brooke Binkowski T he day after the election, news…
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9 weeks ago
slackhq.com
To get it done, write it down – Several People Are Typing — The Official Slack Blog
I n the early 2000s, during the heyday of blogging and before the rise of social networking, I became obsessed with a sub-genre of blogs focused on…
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9 weeks ago
Confirmed: The U.S. Census Bureau Gave Up Names of Japanese-Americans in WW II - Scientific American
Despite decades of denials, government records confirm that the U.S. Census Bureau provided the U.S. Secret Service with names and addresses of Japanese-Americans during World War II.
census  privacy  surveillance  history 
9 weeks ago
shift.newco.co
I’m Sorry Mr. Zuckerberg, But You Are Wrong – NewCo Shift
Image It is heartening to see you begin to grapple with your role in the election . We are all doing the same. And like us, you are going through multiple…
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9 weeks ago
www.nytimes.com
Lies in the Guise of News in the Trump Era
IF you get your news from this newspaper or our rival mainstream news sources, there’s probably a lot you don’t know. You may not realize that our Kenyan-born…
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10 weeks ago
Media in the Age of Algorithms – Tim O'Reilly – Medium
Media in the Age of Algorithms – Tim O'Reilly
A prototype of the de Havilland Comet. An object lesson for today. Source: Wikipedia Since Tuesday’s election, there’s been a lot of finger pointing, and many…
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10 weeks ago
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