tsuomela + randomness   14

Pareidolia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Pareidolia is a psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (often an image or sound) being perceived as significant. Common examples include seeing images of animals or faces in clouds, the man in the moon or the Moon rabbit, and hearing hidden messages on records played in reverse. "
psychology  perception  pattern  patterns  bias  randomness 
august 2011 by tsuomela
The Anti-Predictor: A Chat with Mathematical Sociologist Duncan Watts: Scientific American
"Though Lazarsfeld was writing 60 years ago, 20/20 hindsight is still very much with us. Contemporary psychologists call this tendency to view the past as more predictable than it actually was "the hindsight bias." Watts, a Yahoo! Labs scientist best known for his research on social networks and his earlier book, Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age (W. W. Norton, 2003), argues that this tendency is a greatly underappreciated problem, one that not only causes us to make up just-so stories to explain any conceivable outcome—but to delude ourselves that we can predict the future by learning from the past."
interview  sociology  internet  yahoo  book  prediction  randomness 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Our Obsession with the Word "Random": Fear of a Millennial Planet | The Awl
"When Ringle opened his Washington Post article with the line, "We have seen the future and it is random," I believe he was making a moral point. The post-World War II "neat" may have been an ignorant oversimplification of the world and its inherent messiness, but the post-9/11 random is an exaggeration of this messiness and an unwillingness to find resolve or connection. There is something unthinking and uncurious and unfeeling in its use. It is defensive. It indicates a lack of empathy.

Random is anathema to synthesis through imagination, a refusal to enter the unknown."
language  trends  randomness  metaphor  ambition  modernity  scale 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Law lab - The Boston Globe
"advocate the systematic introduction of randomized trials throughout government — in legislatures and administrative agencies, at the state and federal level. They suggest that trials be “self-executing,” in that policies would be automatically enacted based on their results (though lawmakers would be able to overrule this default)."
law  policy  testing  randomness  experimental  experiments 
december 2010 by tsuomela
[1005.4117] Random Numbers in Scientific Computing: An Introduction
Random numbers play a crucial role in science and industry. Many numerical methods require the use of random numbers, in particular the Monte Carlo method. Therefore it is of paramount importance to have efficient random number generators. The differences, advantages and disadvantages of true and pseudo random number generators are discussed with an emphasis on the intrinsic details of modern and fast pseudo random number generators.
randomness  random  mathematics  science  physics  algorithms  lecture  modeling  reference  simulation 
june 2010 by tsuomela
infinite thØught: brentano and chance
book and article recommendations on two philosophy topics - Brentano and phenomenology
books  recommendations  list  philosophy  phenomenology  chance  randomness 
march 2009 by tsuomela

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