tsuomela + public-understanding   118

Americans Divided on Whether Recent Science Protests Will Benefit Scientists’ Causes | Pew Research Center
"More Democrats and younger adults believe the science marches in April will lead to public support for science; Republicans and older adults tend to disagree"
science  public-understanding  support  activism  communication 
june 2017 by tsuomela
The Politically Motivated Reasoning Paradigm by Dan M. Kahan :: SSRN
"Recent research in decision science identifies politically motivated reasoning as the source of persistent public conflict over policy-relevant facts. This paper presents a basic conceptual model — the “Politically Motivated Reasoning Paradigm” (PMRP) — that summarizes the salient features of this form of information processing. The experimental design best suited for studying hypotheses relating to PMRP, it argues, measures the weight that subjects attach to one and the same piece of evidence conditional on the manipulation of its perceived significance for positions associated with competing cultural or political values. The paper also discusses various additional methodological and substantive issues, including alternative schemes for operationalizing “motivating” political predispositions; the characteristics of valid samples for examining politically motivated reasoning; the rationality of politically motivated reasoning; the “symmetry” of this mechanism of cognition across opposing political or cultural group; the impact of offering monetary incentives for unbiased political information processing; and the potential biasing impact of politically motivated reasoning on experts. The paper concludes by identifying the centrality of PMRP to the emerging science of science communication."
political-science  science  public-understanding  communication  curiosity  knowledge 
february 2017 by tsuomela
Living Knowledge
"The Living Knowledge Network is composed of persons active in -or supportive of- Science Shops and Community Based Research. Living Knowledge aims to foster public engagement with, and participation in, all levels of the research and innovation process. "
science  public-understanding  outreach  engagement  education  citizen-science 
january 2017 by tsuomela
Take the time and effort to correct misinformation : Nature News & Comment
"Scientists should challenge online falsehoods and inaccuracies — and harness the collective power of the Internet to fight back, argues Phil Williamson."
science  communication  online  public-understanding  misinformation  propaganda  climate-change 
december 2016 by tsuomela
Keith Olbermann and our vogue for EVISCERATIONS and EPIC RANTS.
Some parallels to Dan Kahan and cultural cognition dualism in public understanding of science.
rhetoric  politics  rants  language  persuasion  cognition  public-understanding  science  expertise 
october 2016 by tsuomela
Council for the Advancement of Science Writing | Council for the Advancement of Science Writing
"The Council for the Advancement of Science Writing is committed to improving the quality and quantity of science news reaching the public. Directed and advised by distinguished journalists and scientists, CASW develops and funds programs that encourage accurate and informative writing about developments in science, technology, medicine and the environment."
professional-association  science  writing  public-understanding  communication  sts 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Science Curiosity and Political Information Processing by Dan M. Kahan, Asheley R Landrum, Katie Carpenter, Laura Helft, Kathleen Hall Jamieson :: SSRN
"This paper describes evidence suggesting that science curiosity counteracts politically biased information processing. This finding is in tension with two bodies of research. The first casts doubt on the existence of “curiosity” as a measurable disposition. The other suggests that individual differences in cognition related to science comprehension - of which science curiosity, if it exists, would presumably be one - do not mitigate politically biased information processing but instead aggravate it. The paper describes the scale-development strategy employed to overcome the problems associated with measuring science curiosity. It also reports data, observational and experimental, showing that science curiosity promotes open-minded engagement with information that is contrary to individuals’ political predispositions. We conclude by identifying a series of concrete research questions posed by these results."
science  sts  communication  public-understanding  bias  curiosity 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Scientist-Community Partnerships: Building Successful Collaborations | Union of Concerned Scientists
" By partnering with communities, scientists have a tremendous opportunity to advance democracy by improving community access to technical information. Scientist-community partnerships can help level the playing field for communities that are being shut out of important policy discussions, in part because they lack access to scientific information or the ability to evaluate and interpret technical findings. And the communities that have the least access to scientific and technical expertise are often those that most directly bear the burden of environmental and health hazards.  Recognizing the need for effective scientist-community partnerships, the Union of Concerned Scientists is taking an active role in fostering these collaborations through the Center for Science and Democracy. In September 2015, we convened a forum, Community Connections: Bringing Together Scientists and Local Voices, bringing together a diverse audience of community groups, science organizations, and other interested stakeholders to explore ways to overcome barriers to collaboration and make community/scientist partnerships more effective."
science  community  partnership  public-understanding 
july 2016 by tsuomela
Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes
"Is an intellectual network aimed at enhancing the contribution of science and technology to society’s pursuit of equality, justice, freedom, and overall quality of life. The Consortium creates knowledge and methods, cultivates public discourse, and fosters policies to help decision makers and institutions grapple with the immense power and importance of science and technology as society charts a course for the future."
academic-center  school(Arizona)  science  communication  public-understanding 
may 2015 by tsuomela
"ActiveHistory.ca is a website that connects the work of historians with the wider public and the importance of the past to current events."
weblog-group  history  public  public-understanding  outreach  country(Canada) 
april 2015 by tsuomela
"The Center for Engagement and Training in Science and Society (CENTSS) is working to dissolve those boundaries and to confront the challenge with creativity. CENTSS is a multi-disciplinary research center that aims to change how we as a society think about, learn about, and talk about science and technology. It develops novel approaches to interaction and engagement by integrating multiple disciplines, education levels, experiences, areas of expertise, and modes of communication."
academic-center  science  communication  public-understanding 
march 2015 by tsuomela
"STATS.org is a non-profit, non-partisan project to analyze and explain numbers and statistics in the news and to promote statistical literacy in the media and society. It is a joint project of the American Statistical Association and Sense About Science USA."
statistics  news  journalism  media  education  outreach  public-understanding 
february 2015 by tsuomela
Crowd science user contribution patterns and their implications
"Scientific research performed with the involvement of the broader public (the crowd) attracts increasing attention from scientists and policy makers. A key premise is that project organizers may be able to draw on underused human resources to advance research at relatively low cost. Despite a growing number of examples, systematic research on the effort contributions volunteers are willing to make to crowd science projects is lacking. Analyzing data on seven different projects, we quantify the financial value volunteers can bring by comparing their unpaid contributions with counterfactual costs in traditional or online labor markets. The volume of total contributions is substantial, although some projects are much more successful in attracting effort than others. Moreover, contributions received by projects are very uneven across time—a tendency toward declining activity is interrupted by spikes typically resulting from outreach efforts or media attention. Analyzing user-level data, we find that most contributors participate only once and with little effort, leaving a relatively small share of users who return responsible for most of the work. Although top contributor status is earned primarily through higher levels of effort, top contributors also tend to work faster. This speed advantage develops over multiple sessions, suggesting that it reflects learning rather than inherent differences in skills. Our findings inform recent discussions about potential benefits from crowd science, suggest that involving the crowd may be more effective for some kinds of projects than others, provide guidance for project managers, and raise important questions for future research."
citizen-science  crowdsourcing  participation  success  public-understanding  metrics  measurement 
january 2015 by tsuomela
Why Cosmos Can’t Save Public Support for Science - Audra Wolfe - The Atlantic
"As is so often the case with science communication, the assumption seems to be that public understanding of science—sprinkled with a hearty dose of wonder and awe—will produce respect for scientific authority, support for science funding, and a new generation of would-be scientists. If only Americans loved science a little more, the thinking goes, we could end our squabbling about climate change, clean energy, evolution, and funding NASA and the National Science Foundation. These are high hopes to pin on a television show, even one as glorious as Cosmos."
science  communication  television  public-understanding  popularize 
march 2014 by tsuomela
Science and Its Skeptics : The New Yorker
"At the same time, it is facile to dismiss science itself. The most careful scientists, and the best science journalists, realize that all science is provisional. There will always be things that we haven’t figured out yet, and even some that we get wrong. But science is not just about conclusions, which are occasionally incorrect. It’s about a methodology for investigation, which includes, at its core, a relentless drive towards questioning that which came before. You can both love science and question it. As my father, who passed away earlier this year, taught me, there is no contradiction between the two."
science  skepticism  reproduction  public-understanding 
november 2013 by tsuomela
A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms
"Imprecise definition of key terms in the “public participation” domain have hindered the conduct of good research and militated against the development and implementation of effective participation practices. In this article, we define key concepts in the domain: public communication, public consultation, and public participation. These concepts are differentiated according to the nature and flow of information between exercise sponsors and participants. According to such an information flow perspective, an exercise’s effectiveness may be ascertained by the efficiency with which full, relevant information is elicited from all appropriate sources, transferred to (and processed by) all appropriate recipients, and combined(when required) to give an aggregate/consensual response. Key variables that may theoretically affect effectiveness—and on which engagement mechanisms differ—are identified and used to develop a typology of mechanisms. The resultant typology reveals four communication, six consultation, and four participation mechanism classes. Limitations to the typology are discussed, and future research needs identified."
science  participation  public  public-understanding  engagement  outreach  typology  citizen-science 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Communicating Popular Science | Sarah Perrault | Macmillan
"Technoscientific developments often have far-reaching consequences, both negative and positive, for the public. Yet, because science has the authority to decide which judgments about scientific issues are sound, public concerns are often dismissed because they are not part of the technoscientific paradigm they question. This book addresses the role of science popularization in that paradox; it explains how science writing works and argues that it can do better at promoting public discussions about science-related issues. To support these arguments, it situates science popularization in its historical and cultural context; provides a conceptual framework for analyzing popular science texts; and examines the rhetorical effects of common strategies used in popular science writing. Twenty-six years after Dorothy Nelkin's groundbreaking book, Selling Science: How the Press Covers Science and Technology, popular science writing is still not meeting its potential as a public interest genre; Communicating Popular Science explores how it can move closer to doing so."
book  publisher  science  sts  communication  public-understanding 
august 2013 by tsuomela
The impacts of an invasive species citizen science training program on participant attitudes, behavior, and science literacy
"Citizen science can make major contributions to informal science education by targeting participants’ attitudes and knowledge about science while changing human behavior towards the environment. We examined how training associated with an invasive species citizen science program affected participants in these areas. We found no changes in science literacy or overall attitudes between tests administered just before and after a one-day training program, matching results from other studies. However, we found improvements in science literacy and knowledge using context-specific measures and in self-reported intention to engage in pro-environmental activities. While we noted modest change in knowledge and attitudes, we found comparison and interpretation of these data difficult in the absence of other studies using similar measures. We suggest that alternative survey instruments are needed and should be calibrated appropriately to the pre-existing attitudes, behavior, and levels of knowledge in these relatively sophisticated target groups."
sts  citizen-science  public-understanding  science  education  informal  learning  surveys 
august 2013 by tsuomela
The hammer of Hawking: The impact of celebrity scientists, the intent of extraterrestrials and the public perception of astrobiology | Gazan | First Monday
"This paper assesses the impact of theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking’s warning about the possibly malicious intent of extraterrestrial visitors on the public opinion of the search for life in the universe, which is the domain of the interdisciplinary science of astrobiology. Using Web content analysis and sentiment analysis methods, 13 distinct categories of opinion are proposed, suggesting the role of Web comments as both public forums and naturalistic data sources. The results suggest that a significant percentage of those studied agreed with Hawking purely on the merits of his reputation, but those who disagreed tended to claim that Hawking’s argument failed logically or scientifically. How cross–domain authority manifests on the Web, and the influence of celebrity scientists on the public perception of astrobiology, are discussed."
science  scientists  public-understanding  astrobiology  reputation  celebrity  impact 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Putting the ‘citizen’ in ‘citizen science’ | Zooniverse
"I was slightly surprised to see my twitter feed this morning filling up with comments about how the term ‘citizen’ appears in writing about science, and about public engagement with science."
citizen-science  public  public-understanding  rhetoric  language  words 
june 2013 by tsuomela
Access, accommodation, and science: Knowledge in an “open” world | Kelly | First Monday
"The rising popularity of open access (OA) publishing in scholarly communities is purportedly leading to increased public access to knowledge. This is especially true for discussions of scientific research. However, we argue that while there have been significant moves to provide better material or technological access to research, OA advocates must still tackle the issue of making original scientific research articles conceptually accessible to broader publics. Despite being freely available on the Web, research articles are not by default linguistically or conceptually accessible to the global public(s) they are partially intended to reach with the move to OA. In this paper we examine how OA, coupled with innovative scientific communication practices, can help align the ideals of OA with the realities of complex, specialized genres of writing to provide better, more “open,” access to research. We look to PLOS ONE and the PLOS Blog Network to consider how material access coupled with communication strategies developed by bloggers can work together toward more openly accessible original scientific research articles."
science  communication  open-access  public-understanding 
june 2013 by tsuomela
Changing perspectives on how scientists should allocate our most scarce resource -- time - The Plainspoken Scientist - AGU Blogosphere
"My experiences over 37 years reflect a general cultural change among scientists who now accept their role as communicator to explain the value of public investments in research and how scientific knowledge can best inform policies. However, scientists today struggle to determine how much of their precious research time should be re-allocated to outreach and communication."
science  communication  public-understanding  biology  outreach  time-management 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Public’s Knowledge of Science and Technology | Pew Research Center for the People and the Press
"The public’s knowledge of science and technology varies widely across a range of questions on current topics and basic scientific concepts, according to a new quiz by the Pew Research Center and Smithsonian magazine."
science  technology  public  poll  public-understanding  knowledge  education  national  pew-research  sts 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Prof Brian Cox: physicist or priest? | Eliane Glaser | Comment is free | The Guardian
"It's ironic that the public engagement with the science crowd is so pro-wonder, because they're so anti-religion. "All the great religions have a place for awe, for ecstatic transport at the wonder and beauty of creation," writes Richard Dawkins. "And it's exactly this feeling of spine-shivering, breath-catching awe – almost worship – this flooding of the chest with ecstatic wonder, that modern science can provide.""
science  popularize  rhetoric  religion  wonder  language  public-understanding 
march 2013 by tsuomela
The Production of Nonknowledge « through the looking glass
"UCL’s Science and Society reading group discussed an interesting paper on the production of non-knowledge, what science decides not to look at, why and how. It’s interesting because the growing literature on the sociology of ignorance – e.g. agnotology – often sees it as a problem, but as this paper points out, it’s a routine part of science. I thought I’d share my notes. "
science  knowledge  bias  controversy  public-understanding  agnotology  ignorance  forbidden  risk 
february 2013 by tsuomela
All Trials: working with the public to reform science | Alice Bell | Science | guardian.co.uk
" But they are life-and-death issues that have traditionally been kept at some distance from the public. It's esoteric stuff, even for a skilled writer like Goldacre. And that's one of the most interesting things about Goldcare's latest book (just out in America) and the subsequent All Trials campaign: it takes what has previously been seen as an internal debate within medicine and puts it squarely in the public realm, inviting a broader set of people to be interested, and publicly express that interest."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Health Care’s Trick Coin - NYTimes.com
"The best evidence shows that half of all the clinical trials ever conducted and completed on the treatments in use today have never been published in academic journals. Trials with positive or flattering results, unsurprisingly, are about twice as likely to be published — and this is true for both academic research and industry studies."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health  health-care 
february 2013 by tsuomela
The Danger of Making Science Political - Puneet Opal - The Atlantic
I'm torn between the appeal of this and its astounding ignorance. "In other words, threats to scientific thinking can come from any quarter. What must be preserved is the pursuit of science away from irrational dogma. In that sense scientists should be completely nonpartisan. After all, the universe is what it is. The hurricanes, the flu epidemics, indeed all of reality does not really care about our political affiliations, but we distance ourselves from scientific thinking at our own peril."
science  science-wars  politicizing  republican  democrats  bipartisanship  rationality  public-understanding 
january 2013 by tsuomela
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