tsuomela + philosophy   1407

Can Stoicism Make Us Happy? | The Nation
A strong critique that ancient Greek stoicism cannot be applied to 21c life because the Greek view was strongly connected to a divine and providential world as created by Zeus.
book  review  stoicism  philosophy  religion  ontology 
11 days ago by tsuomela
What Does Literary Studies Know? - Los Angeles Review of Books
"Paper Minds Literature and the Ecology of Consciousness By Jonathan Kramnick Published 09.07.2018 University of Chicago Press 208 Pages"
book  review  literary-criticism  philosophy 
9 weeks ago by tsuomela
Understanding Ignorance | The MIT Press
"An exploration of what we can know about what we don't know: why ignorance is more than simply a lack of knowledge. Ignorance is trending. Politicians boast, “I'm not a scientist.” Angry citizens object to a proposed state motto because it is in Latin, and “This is America, not Mexico or Latin America.” Lack of experience, not expertise, becomes a credential. Fake news and repeated falsehoods are accepted and shape firm belief. Ignorance about American government and history is so alarming that the ideal of an informed citizenry now seems quaint. Conspiracy theories and false knowledge thrive. This may be the Information Age, but we do not seem to be well informed. In this book, philosopher Daniel DeNicola explores ignorance—its abundance, its endurance, and its consequences. DeNicola aims to understand ignorance, which seems at first paradoxical. How can the unknown become known—and still be unknown? But he argues that ignorance is more than a lack or a void, and that it has dynamic and complex interactions with knowledge. Taking a broadly philosophical approach, DeNicola examines many forms of ignorance, using the metaphors of ignorance as place, boundary, limit, and horizon. He treats willful ignorance and describes the culture in which ignorance becomes an ideological stance. He discusses the ethics of ignorance, including the right not to know, considers the supposed virtues of ignorance, and concludes that there are situations in which ignorance is morally good. Ignorance is neither pure nor simple. It is both an accusation and a defense (“You are ignorant!” “Yes, but I didn't know!”). Its practical effects range from the inconsequential to the momentous. It is a scourge, but, DeNicola argues daringly, it may also be a refuge, a value, even an accompaniment to virtue. Hardcover Out of Print ISBN: 9780262036443 264 pp. | 6 in x 9 in August 2017 Paperback $17.95 T | £13.99 ISBN: 9780262536035 264 pp. | 6 in x 9 in September 2018 Share Share "
book  publisher  epistemology  philosophy  truth  ignorance  agnotology 
november 2018 by tsuomela
True Enough | The MIT Press
"The development of an epistemology that explains how science and art embody and convey understanding. Philosophy valorizes truth, holding that there can never be epistemically good reasons to accept a known falsehood, or to accept modes of justification that are not truth conducive. How can this stance account for the epistemic standing of science, which unabashedly relies on models, idealizations, and thought experiments that are known not to be true? In True Enough, Catherine Elgin argues that we should not assume that the inaccuracy of models and idealizations constitutes an inadequacy. To the contrary, their divergence from truth or representational accuracy fosters their epistemic functioning. When effective, models and idealizations are, Elgin contends, felicitous falsehoods that exemplify features of the phenomena they bear on. Because works of art deploy the same sorts of felicitous falsehoods, she argues, they also advance understanding. Elgin develops a holistic epistemology that focuses on the understanding of broad ranges of phenomena rather than knowledge of individual facts. Epistemic acceptability, she maintains, is a matter not of truth-conduciveness, but of what would be reflectively endorsed by the members of an idealized epistemic community—a quasi-Kantian realm of epistemic ends."
book  publisher  epistemology  philosophy  truth 
november 2018 by tsuomela
Almost Too Sober: On the Appeal of Stoicism - Los Angeles Review of Books
"How to Be Free: An Ancient Guide to the Stoic Life By A. A. Long, Epictetus Published 10.30.2018 Princeton University Press 232 Pages"
book  review  stoicism  philosophy  history 
november 2018 by tsuomela
Origgi, G., Holmes, S. and Arikha, N.: Reputation: What It Is and Why It Matters (Hardcover and eBook) | Princeton University Press
"Reputation touches almost everything, guiding our behavior and choices in countless ways. But it is also shrouded in mystery. Why is it so powerful when the criteria by which people and things are defined as good or bad often appear to be arbitrary? Why do we care so much about how others see us that we may even do irrational and harmful things to try to influence their opinion? In this engaging book, Gloria Origgi draws on philosophy, social psychology, sociology, economics, literature, and history to offer an illuminating account of an important yet oddly neglected subject. Origgi examines the influence of the Internet and social media, as well as the countless ranking systems that characterize modern society and contribute to the creation of formal and informal reputations in our social relations, in business, in politics, in academia, and even in wine. She highlights the importance of reputation to the effective functioning of the economy and e-commerce. Origgi also discusses the existential significance of our obsession with reputation, concluding that an awareness of the relationship between our reputation and our actions empowers us to better understand who we are and why we do what we do. Compellingly written and filled with surprising insights, Reputation pins down an elusive subject that affects everyone."
book  publisher  reputation  information-literacy  philosophy 
september 2018 by tsuomela
Taking Philosophy Forward - Los Angeles Review of Books
"Taking Back Philosophy A Multicultural Manifesto By Bryan W. Van Norden Published 12.05.2017 Columbia University Press 248 Pages"
book  review  philosophy  multiculturalism 
august 2018 by tsuomela
Play Anything | Ian Bogost
"How filling life with play—whether soccer or lawn mowing, counting sheep or tossing Angry Birds—forges a new path for creativity and joy in our impatient age. Life is no game. It’s demanding, boring, and rarely fun. But what if we’ve got games wrong? Playing anything—whether an instrument, a sport, or a video game—takes hard work and makes absurd demands. Where’s the fun in that? In Play Anything, acclaimed philosopher and award-winning game designer Ian Bogost reveals that play isn’t a mindless escape from boring reality. Instead, play is what happens when we accept limitations, narrow our focus, and—consequently—have fun. Which is also how to live a good life. Manipulating cards to make a poker hand is no different than treating chores and obligations as tools by which we can discover new happiness. Ranging from Internet culture to moral philosophy, from ancient poetics to modern consumerism, Play Anything reveals how today’s chaotic world can only be tamed—and enjoyed—when we first impose boundaries on ourselves."
book  play  games  philosophy 
may 2018 by tsuomela
Ataraxia - Wikipedia
"Ataraxia (ἀταραξία, literally, "not perturbed", generally translated as "imperturbability", "equanimity", or "tranquillity") is a Greek philosophy term used to describe a lucid state of robust equanimity that was characterized by ongoing freedom from distress and worry."
philosophy  stoicism  tranqulity  equanimity  emotion 
april 2018 by tsuomela
Plausibility Project
"Plausibility is a contested term in the scenarios and foresight literature. It is often used in juxtaposition to probability and used to distinguish more qualitatively led work. However, what plausibility actually (and symbolically) means, how it matters for practice, and why it is important for the contemporary coping with uncertainty is unclear. This multi-year obsession seeks to unravel these mysteries. In 2009, I co-organized (with Arnim Wiek, in cooperation with the Institute for Science, Society and Innovation at the University of Oxford), a 2-day International Workshop on Plausibility to: * identify the ‘state of the art’ (concepts, empirical studies) * account for research and knowledge gaps * develop a coordinated research agenda. In preparation for the workshop, the participating internationally recognized scholars and practitioners developed initial thoughts on plausibility in their Portraits of Plausibility. Additionally, we created a Bibliography which presents a cursory collection of the scholarly literature relevant to plausibility. "
futures  plausibility  philosophy  methodology 
march 2018 by tsuomela
Elementary | A theory of why some things do not exist
"Graham Priest TOWARDS NON-BEING Second edition 368pp. Oxford University Press."
book  review  philosophy  ontology 
february 2018 by tsuomela
Meaningful Work // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Meaningful Work Andrea Veltman, Meaningful Work, Oxford University Press, 2016, 237pp.,"
book  review  philosophy  work  labor  meaning 
february 2018 by tsuomela
The Logic of Being: Realism, Truth, and Time // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Paul M. Livingston, The Logic of Being: Realism, Truth, and Time, Northwestern University Press, 2017, 257pp., $99.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780810135208."
book  review  philosophy  being  time  ontology 
november 2017 by tsuomela
The Ethics of Technology: A Geometric Analysis of Five Moral Principles // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Martin Peterson, The Ethics of Technology: A Geometric Analysis of Five Moral Principles, Oxford University Press, 2017, 252pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780190652265."
book  review  technology  ethics  methods  philosophy 
november 2017 by tsuomela
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