tsuomela + objectivity   25

Philosophies of Significance | Knowledge Ecology
"What Stengers, Latour, Haraway, and Whitehead have in common is a basic understanding that in order to account for the reality of values, we need an alternative metaphysics not based in the subjective-objective dichotomy, nor one that collapses the Real into either category. Latour’s newest work in An Inquiry into Modes of Existence (“AIME”) is itself an investigation into the ontology of values, as is Haraway’s more recent take on multispecies cosmopolitics. With Noë, cosmopolitics and AIME both seek to elevate the status of values rather than use them to attack the nature of the sciences. However, for the latter group the ontological status of values is much broader than what Noë hints at — though does not foreclose — in his commentary."
philosophy  ontology  values  subjectivity  objectivity  objects  subject  from instapaper
january 2014 by tsuomela
Objectivity and its discontents
"In my 2008 book, The Collectors of Lost Souls, I told the story of the medical investigation of kuru, a fatal brain disease afflicting the Fore people of New Guinea during the middle of the 20th century. The story involved sorcery accusations, cannibalism, first contact, colonial incursions, scientific rivalry, alleged sexual molestation, and two Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine. There can be little doubt that kuru, because of its peculiarities, has proven exceptionally ‘good to think with’—in infectious diseases research, medical anthropology and the history of science. Here, I attempt a cultural history of valuation in kuru research, hoping thus to make a tentative contribution to a theory of value in modern science. It is important to distinguish this project from functionalist and normative analyses predicated on conceptions of social structure and solidarity. Instead, I want to look at the inter-subjective mobilization and modulation of desire in scientific work, thus focusing on multiple agency, more than structure, in the making or perception of value. Like John Dewey, and his teacher Georg Simmel, I am most interested in how experiences of self-formation generate or reveal value commitments; that is, I am interested in how interaction, or opening ourselves to others, can form and make visible our values and valuables. In this spirit, I want to attend to the commitments to subjects and objects that emerge through cultural contact and exchange in scientific research."
sts  objectivity  postcolonialism  science  history  agency 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Inside the GOP's Fact-Free Nation | Mother Jones
"Sure, there will always be liars in positions of influence—that's stipulated, as the lawyers say. And the media, God knows, have never been ideal watchdogs—the battleships that crossed the seas to avenge the sinking of the Maine attest to that. What's new is the way the liars and their enablers now work hand in glove. That I call a mendocracy, and it is the regime that governs us now."
politics  media  history  media-reform  lying  objectivity  balance  ideology  1970s  conservatism  republicans  deception  propaganda 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Reporting and the transformations of the journalistic field: US news media, 1890-2000
"How have journalistic ideals of public service arisen? To what extent do journalists live up to these ideals? Can we make any claims as to the social conditions that this performance depends on? Using Bourdieu’s theory of fields of cultural production, this article addresses these questions with evidence from the history of journalism in the United States. What is most distinctive about modern journalism is a specific practice: active news-gathering or reporting. "
journalism  history  media-studies  media  communication  objectivity 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Tyndall Report November 16, 2010
WHEN JON STEWART MET RACHEL MADDOW Rachel Maddow & Jon Stewart. Ted Koppel & Keith Olbermann. Major names grapple with weighty topics. What is the distinction between opinionated journalism and political satire? Are FOX News Channel and MSNBC symmetrical or is that a false equivalence? What should the balance be on cable TV news between journalistic commentary and objective journalism? And is there such a thing as objective journalism in the first place?
media  journalism  objectivity 
november 2010 by tsuomela
PressThink: Objectivity as a Form of Persuasion: A Few Notes for Marcus Brauchli
The basic unit of journalism is the report, an account of what happened. The longer I’ve studied it (which is, uh… 25 years) the more I’ve come to see that “objectivity” as practiced by the American press is a form of persuasion. It tries to persuade all possible users of the account that the account can be trusted because it is unadorned.
journalism  media  media-reform  bias  neutrality  objectivity  rhetoric  persuasion  reports 
july 2010 by tsuomela
PressThink: Clowns to the Left of Me, Jokers to the Right: On the Actual Ideology of the American Press
Jay Rosen complicates the debate over political bias in journalism. His tendencies 1. church of the savvy; 2. quest for innocence; 3. regression to a phony mean; 4. the view from nowhere; 5 he said/she said journalism; 6. the sphere of deviance
bias  ideology  journalism  media  news  objectivity  theory  politics  belief 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Who Says : CJR
And journalism, fundamentally, needs an end point. It needs takeaways and conclusions and here-you-gos. What works in literature (endless context, and therefore endless interpretation and inference) simply does not work in journalism—which, as pragmatic narrative, must come to some resolution in order to achieve its ends. Our obsession, in other words, with authors—with writers’ personal identities, with outlets’ institutional biases, with brands’ political proclivities—has compromised the ability of journalism to be an actor in the world, to be a provider for democracy. It has made news reporting—which, at its best, holds a mirror to society so that we might act upon the image it reflects—into, instead, a hall of mirrors. Infinitely reflective. Infinitely refractive. And infinitely reductive.
journalism  media  news  authority  authorship  institutions  narrative  objectivity  goals  theory 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Truthdig - The Creed of Objectivity Killed the News
Real reporting, grounded in a commitment to justice and empathy, could have informed and empowered the public as we underwent a corporate coup d’etat in slow motion. It could have stimulated a radical debate about structures, laws, privilege, power and justice. But the traditional press, by clinging to an outdated etiquette designed to serve corrupt power structures, lost its social function...

The world will not be a better place when these fact-based news organizations die. We will be propelled into a culture where facts and opinions will be interchangeable, where lies will become true, and where fantasy will be peddled as news. I will lament the loss of traditional news. It will unmoor us from reality. The tragedy is that the moral void of the news business contributed as much to its own annihilation as the protofascists who feed on its carcass.
politics  media  writing  journalism  objectivity  failure  future 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Journalism Should Own Its Liberalism : CJR
While the mainstream media often fail to live up to their own standards, their committed pursuit of neutrality and objectivity is crucial to the quality of American journalism. That commitment is the main reason the mainstream press is so intensely sensitive to allegations of bias.
media  news  journalism  bias  liberal  objectivity  neutrality  ethics  professional-standards 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Joho the Blog » Transparency is the new objectivity
In fact, transparency subsumes objectivity. Anyone who claims objectivity should be willing to back that assertion up by letting us look at sources, disagreements, and the personal assumptions and values supposedly bracketed out of the report.
objectivity  transparency  media  philosophy  internet  culture 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Philosophy, et cetera: Subjective Oughts
As I pointed out in 'Rational Objectivity', rational status is not perfectly transparent: we can be irrational without realising it. In particular, it's possible to believe that I rationally ought to φ [e.g. believe P] without this truly being so
philosophy  rationality  epistemology  objectivity  dialogue  subjectivity 
december 2008 by tsuomela

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