tsuomela + novelty   33

"As ideas move from one context to another, something new is created. This continuous shifting of the line that separates the valuable from the worthless, culture from profanity, is at the centre of Boris Groys's investigation."
book  publisher  aesthetics  art  novelty  culture 
february 2018 by tsuomela
Elements of Surprise — Vera Tobin | Harvard University Press
"Why do some surprises delight—the endings of Agatha Christie novels, films like The Sixth Sense, the flash awareness that Pip’s benefactor is not (and never was!) Miss Havisham? Writing at the intersection of cognitive science and narrative pleasure, Vera Tobin explains how our brains conspire with stories to produce those revelatory plots that define a “well-made surprise.” By tracing the prevalence of surprise endings in both literary fiction and popular literature and showing how they exploit our mental limits, Tobin upends two common beliefs. The first is cognitive science’s tendency to consider biases a form of moral weakness and failure. The second is certain critics’ presumption that surprise endings are mere shallow gimmicks. The latter is simply not true, and the former tells at best half the story. Tobin shows that building a good plot twist is a complex art that reflects a sophisticated understanding of the human mind. Reading classic, popular, and obscure literature alongside the latest research in cognitive science, Tobin argues that a good surprise works by taking advantage of our mental limits. Elements of Surprise describes how cognitive biases, mental shortcuts, and quirks of memory conspire with stories to produce wondrous illusions, and also provides a sophisticated how-to guide for writers. In Tobin’s hands, the interactions of plot and cognition reveal the interdependencies of surprise, sympathy, and sense-making. The result is a new appreciation of the pleasures of being had."
book  publisher  surprise  novelty  experience  literature  theory  psychology 
september 2017 by tsuomela
‘Novel, amazing, innovative’: positive words on the rise in science papers : Nature News & Comment
"Scientists have become more upbeat in describing their research, an analysis of papers in the PubMed database suggests. Researchers at the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands say that the frequency of positive-sounding words such as ‘novel’, ‘amazing’, ‘innovative’ and ‘unprecedented’ has increased almost nine-fold in the titles and abstracts of papers published between 1974 and 2014. There has also been a smaller — yet still statistically significant — rise in the frequency of negative words, such as ‘disappointing’ and ‘pessimistic’."
science  language  competition  novelty 
february 2016 by tsuomela
The Birdcage «
"How Hollywood’s toxic (and worsening) addiction to franchises changed movies forever in 2014"
movies  cinema  film  filmmaking  economics  novelty 
january 2015 by tsuomela
Looking Across and Looking Beyond the Knowledge Frontier: Intellectual Distance and Resource Allocation in Science by Kevin J. Boudreau, Eva Guinan, Karim Lakhani, Christoph Riedl :: SSRN
"Selecting among alternative innovative projects is a core management task in all innovating organizations. In this paper, we focus on the evaluation of frontier scientific research projects. We argue that the “intellectual distance” between the knowledge embodied in research proposals and an evaluator’s own expertise systematically relates to the evaluations given (and consequent resource allocation). We empirically evaluate effects in data collected from a grant proposal process at a leading research university in which we randomized the assignment of evaluators and proposals to generate 2,130 evaluator-proposal pairs. We find evaluators systematically give lower scores to research proposals closer to their own areas of expertise, and to highly novel research proposals. We interpret the empirical patterns in relation to a range of theoretical mechanisms and discuss implications for policy, managerial intervention and allocation of resources in the ongoing accumulation of scientific knowledge."
creativity  innovation  framing  communication  novelty  expertise  experts  research  science 
october 2014 by tsuomela
« I Dream of Genius Commentary Magazine
"I find it pleasing that science cannot account for genius. I do not myself believe in miracles, but I do have a strong taste for mysteries, and the presence, usually at lengthy intervals, of geniuses is among the great ones. Schopenhauer had no explanation for the existence of geniuses, either, but, even while knowing all the flaws inherent in even the greatest among them, he held that geniuses “were the lighthouses of humanity; and without them mankind would lose itself in the boundless sea of error and bewilderment.” The genius is able to fulfill this function because he is able to think outside himself, to see things whole while the rest of us at best see them partially, and he has the courage, skill, and force to break the logjam of fixed opinions and stultified forms. Through its geniuses the world has made what serious progress it has thus far recorded. God willing, we haven’t seen the last of them."
genius  creativity  novelty  intellectual  history  philosophy  review  book 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Atul Gawande: How Do Good Ideas Spread? : The New Yorker
"In our era of electronic communications, we’ve come to expect that important innovations will spread quickly. Plenty do: think of in-vitro fertilization, genomics, and communications technologies themselves. But there’s an equally long list of vital innovations that have failed to catch on. The puzzle is why."
innovation  diffusion  ideas  novelty  communication  p2p 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Joho the Blog » [2b2k] My world leader can beat up your world leader
"On the other hand, information is now passed around if it is made interesting, sometimes in jokey, demeaning ways, like an article that steers us toward beefcake (although the president of Ireland does make it up quite high in the Reddit thread). The information that gets propagated through this system is thus spotty and incomplete. It only becomes an occasion for serendipity if it is interesting, not simply because it’s worthwhile. But even jokey, demeaning posts can and should have links for those whose interest is piqued."
information-science  dissemination  news  journalism  information  facts  gossip  novelty 
january 2013 by tsuomela
The Rise of the New Groupthink - NYTimes.com
"Solitude is out of fashion. Our companies, our schools and our culture are in thrall to an idea I call the New Groupthink, which holds that creativity and achievement come from an oddly gregarious place. Most of us now work in teams, in offices without walls, for managers who prize people skills above all. Lone geniuses are out. Collaboration is in. "
solitude  silence  computers  technology-effects  social  media  behavior  creativity  novelty  brainstorming  business  from delicious
january 2012 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : Dear Young Eccentric
"Think of it this way. When some folks go out of their way to show off their defiance and rebellion, others go out of their way to publicly squash such rebellion, to assert their dominance. But if you are not overtly rebellious, you can get away with a lot of abstract idea rebellion — few folks will even notice such deviations, and fewer still will care. So, ask yourself, do you want to look like a rebel, or do you want to be a rebel?"
rebellion  weird  ideas  eccentricity  creativity  novelty  behavior  from delicious
january 2012 by tsuomela
The Art of Scientific and Technological Innovations : Art of Science Learning
"Most people are at a loss to be able to identify any useful connections between arts and sciences. This ignorance is appalling. Arts provide innovations through analogies, models, skills, structures, techniques, methods, and knowledge. Arts don't just prettify science or make technology more aesthetic
creativity  arts  art  science  inspiration  invention  novelty  learning  education  innovation 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Innovation Isn't About Math - James Fallows - National - The Atlantic
"Fostering innovation, in other words, isn't just a matter of improving the quantity or quality of math and science education. It's a matter of restructuring how we approach and teach all our subjects, from the liberal arts to math, science and engineering. And it means focusing as much on teaching how to combine those fields of knowledge and think in flexible, integrative, and creative ways, as we do on the subject matter itself. "
innovation  education  creativity  novelty  change  reform  pedagogy  academia 
march 2011 by tsuomela
The Myth Of Creativity
The sobering truth is that the dramatic artistic creations or intellectual insights we most admire for their striking "creativity" matter little for economic growth. Creative new clothes or music may change fashion, but are soon eclipsed by newer fashions. Large and lasting economic innovations, like steam engines or cell phones, are rare and tend to be independently "invented" by many people. One less visionary would matter little.

Instead, the innovations that matter most are the millions of small changes we constantly make to our billions of daily procedures and arrangements.
creativity  invention  novelty  innovation  business  myth 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Personal Effects : J.C. Hutchins: New Fiction And Author Updates
Dark Art combines the experience of a traditional thriller novel with a multimedia-fueled “out of book” narrative. Clues in the novel — and items that come with the novel, such as ID cards and photos — propel readers into an online experience where they become protagonists themselves.
fiction  literature  forms  novelty  technology  arg  publishing  alternative 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: A New Day
Sometime in the next week - January 1st if you have that available, or maybe January 3rd or 4th if the weekend is more convenient - I suggest you hold a New Day, where you don't do anything old.

Don't read any book you've read before. Don't read any author you've read before. Don't visit any website you've visited before. Don't play any game you've played before. Don't listen to familiar music that you already know you'll like. If you go on a walk, walk along a new path even if you have to drive to a different part of the city for your walk. Don't go to any restaurant you've been to before, order a dish that you haven't had before. Talk to new people (even if you have to find them in an IRC channel) about something you don't spend much time discussing.
inspiration  novelty  ideals  ideas 
january 2009 by tsuomela
OnTheCommons.org » Online Collaboration Goes Legit
Besides dictating organizational forms, current law privileges the interests of investors and boards of directors, and has no recognition for co-creators who wish to collaborate to create shared value in virtual spaces, and who wish to make decisions as a group.

So imagine if a group of self-organized individuals could come together on the Internet to create valuable products and services – and to establish their own “operating agreement” among themselves, according to their specific goals — and yet still receive the benefits of “legal personhood” that corporations enjoy.
co-creation  peer-production  law  organizations  forms  novelty 
december 2008 by tsuomela
march on novelty « orgtheory.net
The venerable Jim March gave a fascinating presentation today at the Academy of Management meetings that dealt with the origins of novelty. He maintained that the process generating novelty is distinct from the creativity process. Novelty represents deviance from norms of appropriateness or expectations (similar to juvenile delinquency in nature). Creativity, in contrast, represents those acts of novelty that are deemed successful. Creativity is a rare form of novelty.
creativity  novelty  originality  organization  management  business 
august 2008 by tsuomela
ThinkGeek :: T-Qualizer Shirt
Finally the modern space age delivers a fully functioning graphic equalizer in a handy t-shirt format. Party like it's 2999 with the glowing display on the T-Qualizer that dynamically changes with any ambient sound or music.
tshirts  novelty  technology  wearable  sound  music 
december 2007 by tsuomela

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