tsuomela + military   134

How is science like the military? They are politically extreme yet vital to the nation - Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science
Very interesting point that the liberalism of the professoriate is in the same cultural context as the conservatism of the military. Does anyone call for greater viewpoint diversity in the military?
academic  discipline  political-science  culture  military  liberal  conservative  diversity  ideology  political-correctness 
january 2018 by tsuomela
Why the United States Government Embraced the Occult | New Republic
"A new book chronicles decades of extravagant attempts to weaponize psychic powers."
book  review  parapsychology  psychic  government  american  20c  military  cold-war  occult 
april 2017 by tsuomela
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs | Nobel Peace Prize 1995
"Pugwash seeks a world free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. We create opportunities for dialogue on the steps needed to achieve that end, focusing on areas where nuclear risks are present. Moving beyond rhetoric, we foster creative discussions on ways to increase the security of all sides in the affected regions."
nuclear  military  war  weapons  discussion  dialog 
november 2016 by tsuomela
After Appomattox, by Gregory Downs, reviewed.
Book review of After Appomattox: Military occupation and the ends of war by Gregory P. Downs
book  review  civil-war  history  american-studies  race  slavery  19c  occupations  military 
april 2015 by tsuomela
The paradox of dominance: The age of civilizational conflict | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
"American dominance of conventional military capabilities has forced potential competitors to explore asymmetric responses. Some of these, such as cyber conflict capabilities, may appear primarily tactical, but taken together with emerging strategic doctrines such as Russian "new generation warfare" or Chinese "unrestricted warfare" and unpredictable and potent technological evolution, an arguably new form of warfare—"civilizational conflict"—is emerging. This does not mean that current strategic and operational doctrine and activities are obsolete, but it does mean that a new conceptual framework for conflict among cultures is required, within which such more traditional operations are developed and deployed."
conflict  future  civilization  war  military 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Why are there no big nuke protests? | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
"The antinuclear movement has fluctuated between gigantic (in the 1980s) and almost nonexistent (the 1970s, now). What accounts for these remarkable variations? Is it possible to identify the factors that touched off the remarkable surges in participation in the 1960s and 1980s? If it were possible, could such factors be put into play today?"
protests  social-movement  history  nuclear  military  20c  government  trust 
march 2015 by tsuomela
An Open Letter to Neil deGrasse Tyson | Leaping Robot Blog | Patrick McCray
"This brings me to my disappointment with you – in a recent issue of the weekly newspaper supplement Parade, you made some remarks about scientists. To wit – you said, “You will never find scientists leading armies into battle. You just won’t. Especially not astrophysicists…”  I don’t wish to pile on you here, but your statement is simply wrong. "
science  military  military-industrial-complex  cold-war  war  technology 
march 2014 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Engelhardt, Field of Nightmares | TomDispatch
"Dirty Wars is really the secret history of how Washington launched a series of undeclared wars in the backlands of the planet and killed its way to something that ever more closely resembled an actual global war, creating a world of enemies out of next to nothing.  Think of it as a bizarre form of unconscious wish fulfillment and the results -- they came! -- as a field of nightmares."
book  review  terrorism  terror  war  journalism  military  military-industrial-complex  2000s  foreign-affairs  blowback 
april 2013 by tsuomela
A Cold War Conundrum: The 1983 Soviet War Scare — Central Intelligence Agency
"Soviet intelligence services went on alert in 1981 to watch for US preparations for launching a surprise nuclear attack against the USSR and its allies. This alert was accompanied by a new Soviet intelligence collection program, known by the acronym RYAN, to monitor indications and provide early warning of US intentions. Two years later a major war scare erupted in the USSR. This study traces the origins and scope of Operation RYAN and its relationship to the war scare."
history  cold-war  military  1980s  soviet-union 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Jonathan Schell, Seeing the Reality of the Vietnam War, 50 Years Late | TomDispatch
"Like a tightening net, the web of stories and reports drawn from myriad sources coalesces into a convincing, inescapable portrait of this war -- a portrait that, as an American, you do not wish to see; that, having seen, you wish you could forget, but that you should not forget; and that the facts force you to see and remember and take into account when you ask yourself what the United States has done and been in the last half century, and what it still is doing and still is."
book  review  history  war  military  american  vietnam  20c  1960s  1970s  atrocity 
january 2013 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Organizational failure as a meso cause
"This is a good example of an effort to explain concrete and complex historical outcomes using the theoretical resources of organizational sociology. And the language of causation is woven throughout the narrative. The authors make a credible case for the view that the organizational features they identify caused (or contributed to the cause) of the large instances of military failure they identify." Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://understandingsociety.blogspot.com/2012/06/organizational-failure-as-meso-cause.html
organization  military  failure  micro-meso-macro  causation  from delicious
july 2012 by tsuomela
Obama Ordered Wave of Cyberattacks Against Iran - NYTimes.com
"From his first months in office, President Obama secretly ordered increasingly sophisticated attacks on the computer systems that run Iran’s main nuclear enrichment facilities, significantly expanding America’s first sustained use of cyberweapons, according to participants in the program."
computers  virus  war  military  cyberwar  treaties  country(Iran)  from delicious
june 2012 by tsuomela
Education and Military Rivalry
"Using data from the last 150 years in a small set of countries, and from the postwar period in a large set of countries, we show that large investments in state primary education systems tend to occur when countries face military rivals or threats from their neighbors. By contrast, we find that democratic transitions are negatively associated with education investments, while the presence of democratic political institutions magnifies the positive effect of military rivalries. These empirical results are robust to a number of statistical concerns and continue to hold when we instrument military rivalries with commodity prices or rivalries in a certain country’s immediate neighborhood. We also present historical case studies, as well as a simple model, that are consistent with the econometric evidence. "
education  reform  funding  budget  military  militarism  from delicious
may 2012 by tsuomela
War and Presidential Greatness by David Henderson, Zachary Gochenour :: SSRN
"Historians and journalists commonly survey other historians on the relative 'greatness' of American presidents, and these rankings show remarkable consistency between surveys. In this paper we consider commonalities between highly ranked presidents and compare plausible determinants of greatness according to historians. We find that a strong predictor of greatness is the fraction of American lives lost in war during a president’s tenure. We find this predictor to be robust and compare favorably to other predictors used in previous historical research. We discuss potential reasons for this correlation and conclude with a discussion of how historians’ views might affect policy. "
political-science  war  military  perception  success  greatness  from delicious
april 2012 by tsuomela
Hall’s Law: The Nineteenth Century Prequel to Moore’s Law
"Interchangeability of parts breaks the coupling between scaling and manufacturing capacity by substituting supply-chain limits for manufacturing limits. For a rifle, you can build up a stockpile of spare parts in peace time, and deliver an uninterrupted supply of parts to match the breakdown rate. There is no need to predict which part might break down in order to meaningfully anticipate and prepare. You can also distribute production optimally (close to raw material sources or low-cost talent for instance), since there is no need to locate craftsmen near the point-of-use.

So when interchangeability was finally achieved and had diffused through the economy as standard practice (a process that took about 65 years), demand-management complexity moved to the supply chain, and most problems could be solved by distributing inventories appropriately." Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://www.ribbonfarm.com/2012/03/08/halls-law-the-nineteenth-century-prequel-to-moores-law
history  economic  technology  innovation  manufacturing  interchangeable  industrial  18c  19c  country(UnitedStates)  country(GreatBritain)  military  growth  revolution  capitalism  capital  design  from delicious
april 2012 by tsuomela
Huge US command-
Pentagon boffinry powerhouse DARPA has announced plans to fit a giant new US military command and control airship - known as "Blue Devil Block 2" - with through-the-air optical links offering bandwidth normally achievable only by fibre cables. This is to be done using newly-applied technology developed in the 1990s for use in astronomical telescopes.
technology  military  astronomy  optics  military-industrial-complex  technology-adoption  from delicious
january 2012 by tsuomela
War and the Tragedy of the Commons | Truthout
"In this seven-part series of articles on each environmental impact of US militarism, scientist and author Patricia Hynes provides an overview of modern, military pollution and the use of natural resources with a central focus on the US military superpower, a power without precedent or competitor. From Superfund and former nuclear weapons sites in the US to Vieques, Agent Orange, depleted uranium - particularly in Iraq - biowarfare research and the use of fossil fuels in routine military training and wars, Hynes examines the war machine as the true tragedy of the commons."
commons  war  military  military-industrial-complex  environment 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Red Cross EHL | Home
"The Exploring Humanitarian Law curriculum gives teachers easy-to-use materials to help students understand the rules governing war and their impact on human life and dignity."
law  war  civil-rights  humanitarian  military  genocide  international 
april 2011 by tsuomela
What Happened to the American Declaration of War? | STRATFOR
"I began by talking about the American empire. I won’t make the argument on that here, but simply assert it. What is most important is that the republic not be overwhelmed in the course of pursuing imperial goals. The declaration of war is precisely the point at which imperial interests can overwhelm republican prerogatives.

There are enormous complexities here. Nuclear war has not been abolished. The United States has treaty obligations to the United Nations and other countries. Covert operations are essential, as is military assistance, both of which can lead to war. I am not making the argument that constant accommodation to reality does not have to be made. I am making the argument that the suspension of Section 8 of Article I as if it is possible to amend the Constitution with a wink and nod represents a mortal threat to the republic. If this can be done, what can’t be done?"
american  empire  war  military  law  constitution 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Obama on Libya - The Real Obama Doctrine - Esquire
"This negotiating tactic does an excellent job of uncovering the actual global demand out there for America's intervention
country(Libya)  foreign-affairs  foreign-policy  military  intervention  revolution  defense 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Revealed: US spy operation that manipulates social media | Technology | guardian.co.uk
"The US military is developing software that will let it secretly manipulate social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter by using fake online personas to influence internet conversations and spread pro-American propaganda."
government  propaganda  social-media  internet  spying  politics  military 
march 2011 by tsuomela
The military failure machine — Crooked Timber
"But the striking thing about military expenditure is that its failure rate is so high. More or less by definition, it’s impossible for both sides to win an armed conflict, but it’s certainly possible (and probably the par outcome) for both sides to lose. So, the US success rate since 1950 is probably about what would be expected."
military-industrial-complex  military  america  systems  education  failure 
january 2011 by tsuomela
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