tsuomela + lying   36

Group discussion improves lie detection
"Groups of individuals can sometimes make more accurate judgments than the average individual could make alone. We tested whether this group advantage extends to lie detection, an exceptionally challenging judgment with accuracy rates rarely exceeding chance. In four experiments, we find that groups are consistently more accurate than individuals in distinguishing truths from lies, an effect that comes primarily from an increased ability to correctly identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions (a “wisdom-of-crowds” effect) or of altering response biases (such as reducing the “truth bias”). Interventions to improve lie detection typically focus on improving individual judgment, a costly and generally ineffective endeavor. Our findings suggest a cheap and simple synergistic approach of enabling group discussion before rendering a judgment."
groups  lying  psychology  philosophy  epistemology  knowledge  collective-intelligence 
september 2015 by tsuomela
Lies, All Lies - The Chronicle Review - The Chronicle of Higher Education
"The Devil Wins: A History of Lying from the Garden of Eden to the Enlightenment By Dallas G. Dennery II (Princeton University Press)"
book  review  lying  history 
january 2015 by tsuomela
Higher social class predicts increased unethical behavior
Seven studies using experimental and naturalistic methods reveal that upper-class individuals behave more unethically than lower-class individuals. In studies 1 and 2, upper-class individuals were more likely to break the law while driving, relative to lower-class individuals. In follow-up laboratory studies, upper-class individuals were more likely to exhibit unethical decision-making tendencies (study 3), take valued goods from others (study 4), lie in a negotiation (study 5), cheat to increase their chances of winning a prize (study 6), and endorse unethical behavior at work (study 7) than were lower-class individuals. Mediator and moderator data demonstrated that upper-class individuals’ unethical tendencies are accounted for, in part, by their more favorable attitudes toward greed.
psychology  lying  behavior  morality  ethics  class  income  money  socioeconomic  status  judgment  self-interest  from delicious
february 2012 by tsuomela
nsf.gov - National Science Foundation (NSF) News - New Studies Determine Which Social Class More Likely to Behave Unethically - US National Science Foundation (NSF)
A series of studies conducted by psychologists at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Toronto in Canada reveal something the well off may not want to hear. Individuals who are relatively high in social class are more likely to engage in a variety of unethical behaviors.
psychology  lying  behavior  morality  ethics  class  income  money  from delicious
february 2012 by tsuomela
Inside the GOP's Fact-Free Nation | Mother Jones
"Sure, there will always be liars in positions of influence—that's stipulated, as the lawyers say. And the media, God knows, have never been ideal watchdogs—the battleships that crossed the seas to avenge the sinking of the Maine attest to that. What's new is the way the liars and their enablers now work hand in glove. That I call a mendocracy, and it is the regime that governs us now."
politics  media  history  media-reform  lying  objectivity  balance  ideology  1970s  conservatism  republicans  deception  propaganda 
april 2011 by tsuomela
John J. Mearsheimer’s “Why Leaders Lie” - The Washington Post
"John J. Mearsheimer would disagree. The University of Chicago political scientist argues that the leaders most likely to lie are precisely those in Western democracies, those whose traditions of democracy perversely push them to mislead the very public that elected them. In fact, Mearsheimer says, leaders tend to lie to their own citizens more often than they lie to each other.

In his disheartening yet fascinating book, “Why Leaders Lie,” Mearsheimer offers a treatise on the biggest of big fat lies, breaking down the deceptions the world’s presidents and generals and strongmen engage in — when, why and how they lie, and how effective those falsehoods can be."
political-science  lying  leadership  politics  history  deception  deceit 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Obama’s Tax Cut: How Rush Limbaugh Misled the Country - The Daily Beast
We live in a mendocracy.
As in: rule by liars.
But the only number that matters is the one demonstrating that by a two-to-one margin likely voters thought their taxes had gone up, when, for almost all of them, they had actually gone down. Republican politicians, and conservative commentators, told them Barack Obama was a tax-mad lunatic. They lied.
politics  lying  truth  republicans  media  mendocracy  talk-shows 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Private Truths, Public Lies - Timur Kuran - Harvard University Press
Preference falsification, according to the economist Timur Kuran, is the act of misrepresenting one’s wants under perceived social pressures. It happens frequently in everyday life, such as when we tell the host of a dinner party that we are enjoying the food when we actually find it bland. In Private Truths, Public Lies Kuran argues convincingly that the phenomenon not only is ubiquitous but has huge social and political consequences. Drawing on diverse intellectual traditions, including those rooted in economics, psychology, sociology, and political science, Kuran provides a unified theory of how preference falsification shapes collective decisions, orients structural change, sustains social stability, distorts human knowledge, and conceals political possibilities.
economics  research  preference  lying  truth  false  behavior  behavioral-economics  social-psychology  social-proof  bandwagon 
july 2010 by tsuomela
FT.com / Global insight - Iraq intelligence fiasco could happen again
It is now harder than ever to avoid the conclusion that the Bush and Blair governments cherry-picked morsels of intelligence
iraq  war  intelligence  government  lying  deceit  about(GeorgeBush) 
july 2010 by tsuomela
The Conspiracy to Destroy Conspiracy « Easily Distracted
Sunstein’s paper exemplifies what I was writing about last week, about the inauthenticity of political and social life at the moment. As I said then, it’s not just Sunstein’s problem. Far too much public conversation is driven by a similar conceit, a belief that you can move obstacles to your favored goals by pushing constantly at them with half-truths and manipulations
politics  politicians  framing  conspiracy  propaganda  lying 
january 2010 by tsuomela
slacktivist: An argument
An imagined argument that Sarah Palin is lying.
extremism  argument  form  lying  truth  fundamentalism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Let's mark this moment in the health debate as it happens - James Fallows
But if there's a chance, it would obviously be better still to keep the current debate from ending up in the same intellectual/political swamp in which the previous one drowned. That is why I was so impressed by this Steven Pearlstein column two days ago in the Washington Post.
journalism  health-care  reform  debate  lying  media 
august 2009 by tsuomela

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