tsuomela + language   265

Translating Happiness | The MIT Press
"Western psychology is rooted in the philosophies and epistemologies of Western culture. But what of concepts and insights from outside this frame of reference? Certain terms not easily translatable into English—for example, nirvāṇa (from Sanskrit), or agápē (from Classical Greek), or turangawaewae (from Māori)—are rich with meaning but largely unavailable to English-speaking students and seekers of wellbeing. In this book, Tim Lomas argues that engaging with “untranslatable” terms related to well-being can enrich not only our understanding but also our experience. We can use these words, Lomas suggests, to understand and express feelings and experiences that were previously inexpressible. Lomas examines 400 words from 80 languages, arranges them thematically, and develops a theoretical framework that highlights the varied dimensions of well-being and traces the connections between them. He identifies three basic dimensions of well-being—feelings, relationships, and personal development—and then explores each in turn through untranslatable words. Ânanda, for example, usually translated as bliss, can have spiritual associations in Buddhist and Hindu contexts; kefi in Greek expresses an intense emotional state—often made more intense by alcohol. The Japanese concept of koi no yokan means a premonition or presentiment of love, capturing the elusive and vertiginous feeling of being about to fall for someone, imbued with melancholy and uncertainty; the Yiddish term mensch has been borrowed from its Judaic and religious connotations to describe an all-around good human being; and Finnish offers sisu—inner determination in the face of adversity."
book  publisher  happiness  language 
february 2018 by tsuomela
Nature - Text Patterns - The New Atlantis
Useful comments on Latour and Morton re: their concept of nature.
nature  language  philosophy 
june 2017 by tsuomela
Modelica and the Modelica Association — Modelica Association
"Modelica® is a non-proprietary, object-oriented, equation based language to conveniently model complex physical systems containing, e.g., mechanical, electrical, electronic, hydraulic, thermal, control, electric power or process-oriented subcomponents."
modeling  programming  open-source  language 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Keith Olbermann and our vogue for EVISCERATIONS and EPIC RANTS.
Some parallels to Dan Kahan and cultural cognition dualism in public understanding of science.
rhetoric  politics  rants  language  persuasion  cognition  public-understanding  science  expertise 
october 2016 by tsuomela
The Julia Language
"Julia is a high-level, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing, with syntax that is familiar to users of other technical computing environments. It provides a sophisticated compiler, distributed parallel execution, numerical accuracy, and an extensive mathematical function library. Julia’s Base library, largely written in Julia itself, also integrates mature, best-of-breed open source C and Fortran libraries for linear algebra, random number generation, signal processing, and string processing. In addition, the Julia developer community is contributing a number of external packages through Julia’s built-in package manager at a rapid pace. IJulia, a collaboration between the Jupyter and Julia communities, provides a powerful browser-based graphical notebook interface to Julia."
programming  computer-science  computational-science  language 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Natural Language Toolkit — NLTK 3.0 documentation
"NLTK is a leading platform for building Python programs to work with human language data. It provides easy-to-use interfaces to over 50 corpora and lexical resources such as WordNet, along with a suite of text processing libraries for classification, tokenization, stemming, tagging, parsing, and semantic reasoning, wrappers for industrial-strength NLP libraries, and an active discussion forum. "
python  library  language  analysis  text-analysis 
june 2016 by tsuomela
‘Novel, amazing, innovative’: positive words on the rise in science papers : Nature News & Comment
"Scientists have become more upbeat in describing their research, an analysis of papers in the PubMed database suggests. Researchers at the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands say that the frequency of positive-sounding words such as ‘novel’, ‘amazing’, ‘innovative’ and ‘unprecedented’ has increased almost nine-fold in the titles and abstracts of papers published between 1974 and 2014. There has also been a smaller — yet still statistically significant — rise in the frequency of negative words, such as ‘disappointing’ and ‘pessimistic’."
science  language  competition  novelty 
february 2016 by tsuomela
rhetorical throughput | digital digs
"One of the projects I have been regularly pursuing (and I’m certainly not alone in this) is investigating the implications of rhetoric’s disciplinary-paradigmatic insistence on a symbolic, anthropocentric scope of study and entertaining the possibilities of rethinking those boundaries. "
rhetoric  objects  symbols  philosophy  language 
september 2015 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: Linguistic Traces of a Scientific Fraud: The Case of Diederik Stapel
"When scientists report false data, does their writing style reflect their deception? In this study, we investigated the linguistic patterns of fraudulent (N = 24; 170,008 words) and genuine publications (N = 25; 189,705 words) first-authored by social psychologist Diederik Stapel. The analysis revealed that Stapel's fraudulent papers contained linguistic changes in science-related discourse dimensions, including more terms pertaining to methods, investigation, and certainty than his genuine papers. His writing style also matched patterns in other deceptive language, including fewer adjectives in fraudulent publications relative to genuine publications. Using differences in language dimensions we were able to classify Stapel's publications with above chance accuracy. Beyond these discourse dimensions, Stapel included fewer co-authors when reporting fake data than genuine data, although other evidentiary claims (e.g., number of references and experiments) did not differ across the two article types. This research supports recent findings that language cues vary systematically with deception, and that deception can be revealed in fraudulent scientific discourse."
science  fraud  text-analysis  linguistics  language  detection 
november 2014 by tsuomela
« earlier      
per page:    204080120160

related tags

19c  20c  2000s  about(BarackObama)  about(GeorgeLakoff)  about(LudwigWittgenstein)  about(RonaldReagan)  about(StanleyFish)  about(TheodoreAdorno)  abstraction  academia  academic  activism  adaptation  advice  aesthetics  aggregation  ai  alien  alt-right  alternative  altruism  ambition  america  american  american-studies  analogy  analysis  anarchism  ancient  anthology  anthropology  apology  archaeology  art  artificial  artificial-intelligence  assessment  audio  augmentation  author  authoritarian  awesome  behavior  belief  bias  bibliography  big-data  biology  bipartisanship  book  books  brain  bullshit  business  by(GeorgeLakoff)  campaign  causation  chemistry  children  chinese  christmas  citizen-science  citizenship  class  classics  clothing  cognition  cognitive-science  college  commons  communication  communism  community  community-of-practice  competition  computational-science  computer  computer-science  congress  connotation  consensus  conservatism  construal-level-theory  construction  consulting  consumer  contracts  conviction  corpus  correlation  courses  crime  crisis  criticism  critique  culture  curation  customer  dark-web  data-curation  data-exploration  data-science  database  dating  death  debate  debt  definition  democracy  denotation  description  design  detection  development  diagram  dialect  dialogue  dictionaries  dictionary  diffusion  digital  digital-humanities  directory  discourse  discussion  disglossia  distributed  early  earthquake  economics  education  election  elites  elitism  emotion  emotions  empathy  empire  emulation  encyclopedia  english  enlightenment  entrepreneur  equivalence  esperanto  essay  ethics  etymology  euphemism  europe  evangelical  events  evolution  evolutionary-psychology  example  existentialism  exobiology  experience  experiments  expertise  explanation  extremism  facebook  failure  fairness  fallacy  family  fascism  fear  feeling  feminism  fiction  foreign-language  foreign-policy  formal  framing  fraud  free  french  friendship  fun  functional  fundamentalism  funding  fundraising  future  games  geek  gender  generation  generational-analysis  genetic-programming  genetics  george  german  gifts  google  gossip  government  grading  grammar  graphics  gtd  gun-control  guns  hackers  hangover-theory  happiness  harassment  haskell  hatred  health  hegemony  high-performance-computing  history  hoax  howto  human-enhancement  humor  hype  ibm  icons  identity  ideology  images  imagination  indignation  industrial  inflation  influence  information  inquiry  institutions  insularity  insurance  intelligence  intergenerational  interior  international  internet  interview  iraq  irony  jargon  java  journalism  judgment  justice  knowledge-management  label  labor  lakoff  language  language-analysis  latin  law  learning  leftism  lgbt  liberal  liberalism  libraries  library  lifelong-learning  linguistics  lisp  list  lists  literacy  literalism  literate  literature  logic  long-term  loyalty  lying  machine  machine-learning  macintosh  magazine  marketing  markets  marxism  mathematics  meaning  measurement  media  media-studies  medicine  memory  mental  mental-illness  mental-process  metaphilosophy  metaphor  metaphysics  metrics  microaggression  militarism  military  mind  mistakes  modal  modeling  modernity  money  mood  morality  movies  music  name  naming  natural-language-processing  nature  nazi  neoliberalism  neurology  neuroscience  news  normal  novelty  novice  obama  objectivity  objects  obligation  obscurity  offense  online  ontology  open-education  open-source  opsec  oral  ordinary-language  p2p  paranoia  partisanship  passion  past  pedagogy  people  people-orwell  people:LudwigWittgenstein  perception  performativity  perpetual-war  personality  persuasion  phenomenology  philosophy  plot  podcast  poem  poetics  poetry  policy  political  political-correctness  political-science  politics  popularize  populism  post-truth  postmodern  power  pragmatism  president  problem-solving  programming  progressive  prolog  pronunciation  propaganda  protest  proverb  psychology  psychotherapy  public  public-affairs  public-opinion  public-relations  public-sphere  public-understanding  publisher  punk  purpose  python  qi  quotes  r  racism  radio  randomness  rants  rational-markets  rationality  reading  realism  reality  recession  reductionism  reference  relativism  religion  representation  research  resentment  review  rhetoric  right-wing  rights  risk  scale  school  science  scientism  scripting  security  self  self-deception  semantics  sensemaking  sentiment  sex  sf  shakespeare  shopping  sign  simulation  slippery-slope  social  social-justice  social-media  social-networks  social-science  social-status  socialism  sociology  software  sophistication  spanish  speculation  speech  speed  speed-reading  sql  standards  statistics  story  story-telling  stress  sts  style  subject  summer  symbolism  symbols  tea-party  teaching  technique  technology  technology-effects  television  terrorism  text-analysis  the-onion  theory  thinking  thinktank  third-way  time  time-management  tips  title(StarTrek)  tone  tools  torture  training  transgender  translation  transmission  trends  triggers  trust  tutorial  twitter  understanding  usability  useless  utopia  via:markchucarroll  violence  virtual-reality  vision  visual  visualization  vocabulary  war  way-of-life  web  weblog  weblog-analysis  weblog-group  weblog-individual  weblog-research  white-supremacy  wikipedia  wonder  word  words  work  world-war-2  writing 

Copy this bookmark: