tsuomela + exploitation   6

UnderstandingSociety: Marx's critique
"I think that Marx's critique of 19th-century capitalist society can be summarized in three words: exploitation, domination, and alienation. These are simple ideas, but they invoke large and somewhat separate theories. The first has to do with economic relations in capitalism, in which one group extracts wealth from the work of another group. The second has to do with political relations in which one group has the power to compel subordination on the part of another group. And the third has to do with consciousness and the social psychology of the members of capitalist society."
economics  power  sociology  ideology  marxism  alienation  dominance  exploitation  philosophy 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: "Scroungers" and exploiters
The embarrassment here for Marxists is that public opposition to “welfare scroungers” is similar to their (our) opposition to capitalism. Both appeal to a concept of exploitation. Marxists say that capitalism requires workers to work longer than necessary in order to give bosses profits. But one could equally well claim that workers have to work longer than necessary in order to pay taxes to keep “scroungers.” “Scroungers” and bosses both exploit workers.
This raises the question: why is there so much popular hostility to exploitation by scroungers and so little to exploitation by bosses (bankers excepted)?
marx  karl  marxism  exploitation  work  welfare  fairness  business 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Philosophers' Imprint: A Theory of Wrongful Exploitation
My primary aims in this paper are to explain what exploitation is, when it’s wrong, and what makes it wrong. I argue that exploitation is not always wrong, but that it can be, and that its wrongness cannot be fully explained with familiar moral constraints such as those against harming people, coercing them, or using them as a means, or with familiar moral obligations such as an obligation to rescue those in distress or not to take advantage of people’s vulnerabilities. Its deepest wrongness, I argue, lies in our moral obligation not to extract excessive benefits from people who cannot, or cannot reasonably, refuse our offers.
exploitation  philosophy  ethics 
july 2009 by tsuomela
She Did It Her Way « Easily Distracted
In a way, the Susan Boyle story is a reminder that liberalism actually has heartfelt, emotionally rich stories that are intimately familiar to many people in many societies. Chief among them is the insistence that individuals contain within them talents, character, particularities which are poorly described by stereotypes or collective identities and poorly managed or appreciated by social institutions and conventions.
about(SusanBoyle)  talent  liberalism  exploitation  reality  television 
may 2009 by tsuomela
Pulp Nonfiction
Story about the paper industry dumping diesel into lignin in order to collect a tax credit for combining alternative and taxable fuels, thus thwarting the intent of Congress to reduce fossil fuel use.
government  regulation  exploitation  taxes  business  business-as-usual  loophole  gaming-the-system 
april 2009 by tsuomela

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