tsuomela + artificial-intelligence   89

Will a robot take your job? | Inside Story
"2062: The World that AI Made By Toby Walsh | Black Inc. | $34.99 | 336 pages Made by Humans: The AI Condition By Ellen Broad | Melbourne University Press | $29.99 | 277 pages The Future of Everything: Big, Audacious Ideas for a Better World By Tim Dunlop | NewSouth | $29.99 | 272 pages"
books  review  artificial-intelligence  work  labor 
7 weeks ago by tsuomela
Two Kinds Of Caution | Slate Star Codex
How should we deal with the risk of AI? Contrast local and global caution.
ai  artificial-intelligence  risk 
july 2017 by tsuomela
[1703.06207v1] Cooperating with Machines
"Since Alan Turing envisioned Artificial Intelligence (AI) [1], a major driving force behind technical progress has been competition with human cognition. Historical milestones have been frequently associated with computers matching or outperforming humans in difficult cognitive tasks (e.g. face recognition [2], personality classification [3], driving cars [4], or playing video games [5]), or defeating humans in strategic zero-sum encounters (e.g. Chess [6], Checkers [7], Jeopardy! [8], Poker [9], or Go [10]). In contrast, less attention has been given to developing autonomous machines that establish mutually cooperative relationships with people who may not share the machine's preferences. A main challenge has been that human cooperation does not require sheer computational power, but rather relies on intuition [11], cultural norms [12], emotions and signals [13, 14, 15, 16], and pre-evolved dispositions toward cooperation [17], common-sense mechanisms that are difficult to encode in machines for arbitrary contexts. Here, we combine a state-of-the-art machine-learning algorithm with novel mechanisms for generating and acting on signals to produce a new learning algorithm that cooperates with people and other machines at levels that rival human cooperation in a variety of two-player repeated stochastic games. This is the first general-purpose algorithm that is capable, given a description of a previously unseen game environment, of learning to cooperate with people within short timescales in scenarios previously unanticipated by algorithm designers. This is achieved without complex opponent modeling or higher-order theories of mind, thus showing that flexible, fast, and general human-machine cooperation is computationally achievable using a non-trivial, but ultimately simple, set of algorithmic mechanisms. "
paper  cooperation  machine  artificial-intelligence  machine-learning 
april 2017 by tsuomela
BBC News - A Point of View: Chess and 18th Century artificial intelligence
"An 18th Century automaton that could beat human chess opponents seemingly marked the arrival of artificial intelligence. But what turned out to be an elaborate hoax had its own sense of genius, says Adam Gopnik."
intelligence  artificial-intelligence  18c  history  chess  automation  genius  mastery  talent 
april 2013 by tsuomela
The (Future) Automation of Labor, and Some Notes on “Mind,” “Intelligence,” and the Google Singularity - uncomputing
"The use of the term “intelligence” in the fields of AI/Cognitive Science as coterminous with “mind” has always been a red herring. The problems with AI have never been about intelligence: it is obviously the case that machines have become much more intelligent than we are, if we define “intelligence” in the most usual ways: ability to do mathematics, or to access specific pieces of information, or to process complex logical constructions. But they do not have minds–or at least not human minds, or anything much like them."
artificial-intelligence  mind  intelligence  computers  technology  future  singularity 
march 2013 by tsuomela
I.B.M.’s Watson - Computers Close In on the ‘Paris Hilton’ Problem - NYTimes.com
John Markoff muses on the Jeopardy challenge by IBM and sets up a historical competition between artificial intelligence (John McCarthy) and intelligence augmentation (Douglas Englebart). Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/science/15essay.html?_r=1
artificial-intelligence  technology-effects  technology  sts  computers  augmentation 
february 2011 by tsuomela
The AI Revolution Is On | Magazine
"Today’s AI doesn’t try to re-create the brain. Instead, it uses machine learning, massive data sets, sophisticated sensors, and clever algorithms to master discrete tasks. Examples can be found everywhere: The Google global machine uses AI to interpret cryptic human queries. Credit card companies use it to track fraud. Netflix uses it to recommend movies to subscribers. And the financial system uses it to handle billions of trades (with only the occasional meltdown)."
artificial-intelligence  computer-science  computer  technology  robotics 
january 2011 by tsuomela
It's made out of meat. - Charlie's Diary
"We have one faction that is attempting to write software that can generate messages that can pass a Turing test, and another faction that is attempting to write software that can administer an ad-hoc Turing test. Each faction has a strong incentive to beat the other. This is the classic pattern of an evolutionary predator/prey arms race: and so I deduce that if symbol-handling, linguistic artificial intelligence is possible at all, we are on course for a very odd destination indeed — the Spamularity, in which those curious lumps of communicating meat give rise to a meta-sphere of discourse dominated by parasitic viral payloads pretending to be meat"
artificial-intelligence  spam  internet  intelligence  culture 
january 2011 by tsuomela
BBC News - Alien hunters 'should look for artificial intelligence'
Dr Shostak says that artificially intelligent alien life would be likely to migrate to places where both matter and energy - the only things he says would be of interest to the machines - would be in plentiful supply. That means the Seti hunt may need to focus its attentions near hot, young stars or even near the centres of galaxies.
astrobiology  astronomy  seti  extraterrestrial  intelligence  alien  artificial-intelligence 
august 2010 by tsuomela
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