tsuomela + 20c   132

Quinn Slobodian – Globalists — Crooked Timber
"Quinn Slobodian’s fantastic intellectual history of neo-liberalism in the international arena, Globalists: The End of Empire and the Birth of Neoliberalism. "
book  review  neoliberalism  history  20c  political-science  international  institutions 
may 2018 by tsuomela
How John Wayne Became a Hollow Masculine Icon - The Atlantic
"Wayne and Ford: The Films, the Friendship, and the Forging of an American Hero By Nancy Schoenberger Nan A. Talese / Doubleday Hank and Jim: The Fifty-Year Friendship of Henry Fonda and James Stewart By Scott Eyman Simon & Schuster"
books  review  american-studies  culture  film  cinema  history  20c  biography 
november 2017 by tsuomela
Our Cold War World | New Republic
"THE COLD WAR: A WORLD HISTORY by Odd Arne"
book  review  cold-war  history  ideology  legacy  20c 
october 2017 by tsuomela
The Party’s Over: Looking Back on Communism - Los Angeles Review of Books
Vanguard of the Revolution by A. James McAdams and Red Hangover by Kristen Ghodsee
books  review  communism  history  20c  capitalism 
october 2017 by tsuomela
Marketing Modernism - Los Angeles Review of Books
"Cheap Modernism Expanding Markets, Publishers’ Series and the Avant-Garde By Lise Jaillant"
book  review  books  history  publishing  modernism  20c  popular  culture  lowbrow 
july 2017 by tsuomela
Why the United States Government Embraced the Occult | New Republic
"A new book chronicles decades of extravagant attempts to weaponize psychic powers."
book  review  parapsychology  psychic  government  american  20c  military  cold-war  occult 
april 2017 by tsuomela
Fear Itself | W. W. Norton & Company
"“A powerful argument, swept along by Katznelson’s robust prose and the imposing scholarship that lies behind it.”—Kevin Boyle, New York Times Book Review A work that “deeply reconceptualizes the New Deal and raises countless provocative questions” (David Kennedy), Fear Itself changes the ground rules for our understanding of this pivotal era in American history. Ira Katznelson examines the New Deal through the lens of a pervasive, almost existential fear that gripped a world defined by the collapse of capitalism and the rise of competing dictatorships, as well as a fear created by the ruinous racial divisions in American society. Katznelson argues that American democracy was both saved and distorted by a Faustian collaboration that guarded racial segregation as it built a new national state to manage capitalism and assert global power. Fear Itself charts the creation of the modern American state and “how a belief in the common good gave way to a central government dominated by interest-group politics and obsessed with national security” (Louis Menand, The New Yorker). "
book  publisher  history  great-depression  20c  new-deal 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Partisans and Partners: The Politics of the Post-Keynesian Society, Pacewicz
"There’s no question that Americans are bitterly divided by politics. But in Partisans and Partners, Josh Pacewicz finds that our traditional understanding of red/blue, right/left, urban/rural division is too simplistic. Wheels-down in Iowa—that most important of primary states—Pacewicz looks to two cities, one traditionally Democratic, the other traditionally Republican, and finds that younger voters are rejecting older-timers’ strict political affiliations. A paradox is emerging—as the dividing lines between America’s political parties have sharpened, Americans are at the same time growing distrustful of traditional party politics in favor of becoming apolitical or embracing outside-the-beltway candidates. Pacewicz sees this change coming not from politicians and voters, but from the fundamental reorganization of the community institutions in which political parties have traditionally been rooted. Weaving together major themes in American political history—including globalization, the decline of organized labor, loss of locally owned industries, uneven economic development, and the emergence of grassroots populist movements—Partisans and Partners is a timely and comprehensive analysis of American politics as it happens on the ground."
book  publisher  political-science  partisanship  history  20c  community  organization  business 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Wiley: Science in the 20th Century and Beyond - Jon Agar
"A compelling history of science from 1900 to the present day, this is the first book to survey modern developments in science during a century of unprecedented change, conflict and uncertainty. The scope is global. Science's claim to access universal truths about the natural world made it an irresistible resource for industrial empires, ideological programs, and environmental campaigners during this period. Science has been at the heart of twentieth century history - from Einstein's new physics to the Manhattan Project, from eugenics to the Human Genome Project, or from the wonders of penicillin to the promises of biotechnology. For some science would only thrive if autonomous and kept separate from the political world, while for others science was the best guide to a planned and better future. Science was both a routine, if essential, part of an orderly society, and the disruptive source of bewildering transformation. Jon Agar draws on a wave of recent scholarship that explores science from interdisciplinary perspectives to offer a readable synthesis that will be ideal for anyone curious about the profound place of science in the modern world."
book  publisher  science  history  20c  sts 
august 2016 by tsuomela
Object moved
"Invisible Hands tells the story of how a small group of American businessmen succeeded in building a political movement. Long before the “culture wars” of the 1960s sparked the Republican backlash against cultural liberalism, these high-powered individuals actively resisted New Deal economics and sought to educate and organize their peers. Kim Phillips-Fein recounts the little-known efforts of men such as W. C. Mullendore, Leonard Read, and Jasper Crane, drawing on meticulous research and narrative gifts to craft a compelling history of the role of big and small business in American politics—and a blueprint for anyone who wants insight into the way that money has been used to create political change. "
book  publisher  business  history  20c 
august 2016 by tsuomela
www.nytimes.com
"THE WEATHER EXPERIMENT The Pioneers Who Sought to See the Future By Peter Moore Illustrated. 395 pp. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. $30."
book  review  science  history  meteorology  weather  19c  20c 
july 2015 by tsuomela
www.nytimes.com
"BIG SCIENCE Ernest Lawrence and the Invention That Launched the Military-Industrial Complex By Michael Hiltzik Illustrated. 512 pp. Simon & Schuster. $30."
book  review  science  history  sts  big-science  20c 
july 2015 by tsuomela
Liberal Punishment | Dissent Magazine
"The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America by Naomi Murakawa Oxford University Press, 2014, 260 pp."
book  review  crime  prison  police  law  america  history  20c  liberalism 
may 2015 by tsuomela
Classroom Saints and Fiends | Dissent Magazine
"The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession by Dana Goldstein Doubleday, 2014, 368 pp."
book  review  education  teaching  controversy  history  america  20c  reform 
may 2015 by tsuomela
Styles for Him—and Her | Boston Review
"Sex and Unisex: Fashion, Feminism, and the Sexual Revolution Jo B. Paoletti Indiana University Press"
book  review  history  fashion  clothing  gender  2h20c  20c 
april 2015 by tsuomela
From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog | The MIT Press
"From its first glimmerings in the 1950s, the software industry has evolved to become the fourth largest industrial sector of the US economy. Starting with a handful of software contractors who produced specialized programs for the few existing machines, the industry grew to include producers of corporate software packages and then makers of mass-market products and recreational software. This book tells the story of each of these types of firm, focusing on the products they developed, the business models they followed, and the markets they served."
book  publisher  history  software  computers  computer-science  20c 
april 2015 by tsuomela
Why are there no big nuke protests? | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
"The antinuclear movement has fluctuated between gigantic (in the 1980s) and almost nonexistent (the 1970s, now). What accounts for these remarkable variations? Is it possible to identify the factors that touched off the remarkable surges in participation in the 1960s and 1980s? If it were possible, could such factors be put into play today?"
protests  social-movement  history  nuclear  military  20c  government  trust 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Mass Observation Online - Adam Matthew Digital
"This resource offers revolutionary access to one of the most important archives for the study of Social History in the modern era. Explore original manuscript and typescript papers created and collected by the Mass Observation organisation, as well as printed publications, photographs and interactive features."
research  data  country(GreatBritain)  20c  interview  ethnography 
november 2014 by tsuomela
Long-term variations in the aging of scientific literature: From exponential growth to steady-state science (1900–2004) - Larivière - 2007 - Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology - Wiley Online Library
"Despite a very large number of studies on the aging and obsolescence of scientific literature, no study has yet measured, over a very long time period, the changes in the rates at which scientific literature becomes obsolete. This article studies the evolution of the aging phenomenon and, in particular, how the age of cited literature has changed over more than 100 years of scientific activity. It shows that the average and median ages of cited literature have undergone several changes over the period. Specifically, both World War I and World War II had the effect of significantly increasing the age of the cited literature. The major finding of this article is that contrary to a widely held belief, the age of cited material has risen continuously since the mid-1960s. In other words, during that period, researchers were relying on an increasingly old body of literature. Our data suggest that this phenomenon is a direct response to the steady-state dynamics of modern science that followed its exponential growth; however, we also have observed that online preprint archives such as arXiv have had the opposite effect in some subfields."
science  literature  citations  bibliometrics  history  growth  20c  scholarly-communication 
november 2014 by tsuomela
Military-industrial complex? Blame the torpedoes - Ideas - The Boston Globe
"But as the history of the torpedo shows, the roots of the military-industrial complex lie deeper. Even before World War I, the government and the private sector were entwined: The government investing in defense contractors and guaranteeing a customer for their products; a branch of the private sector depending on the military for growth; and a body of rules growing alongside their collaboration to ensure that scientific and technological information emerging with private-sector input would stay protected, rather than travel like other discoveries."
history  sts  war  military-industrial-complex  20c  19c  government  research  r&d 
january 2014 by tsuomela
The Computer Boys Take Over | The MIT Press
"Like all great social and technological developments, the "computer revolution" of the twentieth century didn't just happen. People—not impersonal processes—made it happen. In The Computer Boys Take Over, Nathan Ensmenger describes the emergence of the technical specialists—computer programmers, systems analysts, and data processing managers—who helped transform the electronic digital computer from a scientific curiosity into the most powerful and ubiquitous technology of the modern era. They did so not as inventors from the traditional mold, but as the developers of the "software" (broadly defined to include programs, procedures, and practices) that integrated the novel technology of electronic computing into existing social, political, and technological networks. As mediators between the technical system (the computer) and its social environment (existing structures and practices), these specialists became a focus for opposition to the use of new information technologies. To many of their contemporaries, it seemed the "computer boys" were taking over, not just in the corporate setting, but also in government, politics, and society in general. Ensmenger follows the rise of the computer boys as they struggled to establish a role for themselves within traditional organizational, professional, and academic hierarchies. He describes the tensions that emerged between the craft-centered practices of vocational programmers, the increasingly theoretical agenda of academic computer science, and the desire of corporate managers to control and routinize the process of software development. In doing so, he provides a human perspective on what is too often treated as a purely technological phenomenon."
book  publisher  sts  computers  history  computer-science  20c  programming 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Jonathan Schell, Seeing the Reality of the Vietnam War, 50 Years Late | TomDispatch
"Like a tightening net, the web of stories and reports drawn from myriad sources coalesces into a convincing, inescapable portrait of this war -- a portrait that, as an American, you do not wish to see; that, having seen, you wish you could forget, but that you should not forget; and that the facts force you to see and remember and take into account when you ask yourself what the United States has done and been in the last half century, and what it still is doing and still is."
book  review  history  war  military  american  vietnam  20c  1960s  1970s  atrocity 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Rowman.com: 9780742515079 - Twentieth-Century Multiplicity: American Thought and Culture, 1900–1920
"Twentieth-Century Multiplicity explores the effect of the culture-wide sense that prevailing syntheses failed to account fully for the complexities of modern life. As Daniel H. Borus documents the belief that there were many truths, many beauties, and many values—a condition that the historian Henry Adams labeled multiplicity—rather than singular ones prompted new departures in a myriad of discourses and practices ranging from comic strips to politics to sociology. The new emphasis on contingency and context prompted Americans to rethink what counted as truth and beauty, how the self was constituted and societies cohered and functioned. The challenge to absolutes and universals, Borus shows, gave rise to a culture in which standards were not always firm and fixed and previously accepted hierarchies were not always valid. Although itself strenuously challenged, especially during the First World War, early twentieth-century multiplicity bequeathed to American cultural life an abiding sense of the complexity and diversity of things."
book  publisher  history  intellectual  20c  multiplicity  culture  relativism  pluralism  from delicious
september 2012 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Organizations and the Chicago school
"World War II brought about a set of changes in organizational America that made the Chicago School approach less appealing to the mainstream. "The conflictual, processual, local theories of the Chicago School made little sense in a world now conceived as grand, unified, and even static, a huge mechanism for steady expansion in a non-ideological, managed world" (416). But this stability was short-lived, and Abbott believes that the Chicago approach is once again worth studying."
sociology  intellectual  history  1h20c  20c  process  organizations  theory  from delicious
july 2012 by tsuomela
“Computers In The University” | Gardner Writes
" I re-read some material from Mitchell Waldrup’s epic The Dream Machine: J. C. R. Licklider and the Revolution that Made Computing Personal. I’ve read this book about three times all the way through, and I dip into it habitually to relive those defining moments of the emergent digital age–including the defining moments of rank unbridled idiocy that almost strangled the revolution in its cradle, such as the British Postal Service’s refusal to let the team that developed packet-switched communications develop their innovation, in any way, for any purpose. Too disruptive, you see
computers  education  augmentation  intelligence  history  technology  20c  from delicious
april 2012 by tsuomela
Tom Johnson, 1923–2012 - News Blog - SkyandTelescope.com
Thomas J. Johnson, the creator of the modern Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope and the founder of Celestron, died early this morning (March 13, 2012), according to Celestron president and CEO Joe Lupica. Johnson was 89.

He ranked among the most important figures shaping the last half century of amateur astronomy.
amateur  astronomy  20c  technology  optics  history  sts  from delicious
march 2012 by tsuomela
Thatcher, Scientist
This paper has two halves. First, I piece together what we know about Margaret Thatcher's training and employment as a scientist. She took science subjects at school
politics  science  experience  biography  country(GreatBritain)  20c  sts  history  from delicious
february 2012 by tsuomela
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