tometaxubundlesDharma   1461
How social media took us from Tahrir Square to Donald Trump
To understand how digital technologies went from instruments for spreading democracy to weapons for attacking it, you have to look beyond the technologies themselves.
I and many others who watched authoritarian regimes were already worried. A key issue for me was how microtargeting, especially on Facebook, could be used to wreak havoc with the public sphere. It was true that social media let dissidents know they were not alone, but online microtargeting could also create a world in which you wouldn’t know what messages your neighbors were getting or how the ones aimed at you were being tailored to your desires and vulnerabilities.
It was a shift from a public, collective politics to a more private, scattered one, ...
There doesn’t seem to have been a major realization within the US’s institutions—its intelligence agencies, its bureaucracy, its electoral machinery—that true digital security required both better technical infrastructure and better public awareness about the risks of hacking, meddling, misinformation, and more.

-- Zeynep Tufekci
MIT Technology Review | | 14 aug 2018
activism  communication  culture  history  internet  internet-control  internet-culture  internet-freedom  internet-power  internet-security  politics  format-article  type-information  type-opinion 
39 minutes ago by tometaxu
if i was a boy or a girl so i said "neither" ~ Twitter thread
At work a kid asked me if i was a boy or a girl so i said "neither" & their parent explained that some people are "he", some are "she", and others are "they" - the kid replied that they had never thought of that, and the parent said they could think about it more together later.

Very nice thread.
Original started at

ThreadReaderApp | | 15 aug 2018
gender  gender-nonbinary  gender-other  gender-social  language  language-gender  society  words  format-twitter-thread  type-information 
yesterday by tometaxu
how professionals learn for work
Jane Hart has been asking her readers what are the most useful/valuable ways that they learn for or at work. In the sixth annual Learning in the Workplace Survey, which surveyed over 5,000 respondents from a wide variety of industries and types & sizes of organizations, the following methods were ranked in order.
1. Daily work experiences
12. Classroom learning :)

[With a nice chart]

Harold Jarche | | aug 2018
education  work  format-article  type-information  type-research 
yesterday by tometaxu
Pali Audio - Free, downloadable audio versions of the original teachings of the Buddha
In English translation.
DĪgha Nikāya, Majjhima Nikāya, Samyutta Nikāya, Anguttara Nikāya

Pali Audio | | retr 13 aug 2018
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-theravada  buddhism-texts  dharma  dharma-foundation2-details  format-website  type-audio  type-compendium 
3 days ago by tometaxu
Links to Sutta sites
Links and descriptions of many sites that have Pali texts, and audio and study files.

Pali Audio | retr 13 aug 2018
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-theravada  buddhism-resources  buddhism-texts  dharma  dharma-foundation2-details  language-pali  format-website  type-compendium 
3 days ago by tometaxu
Tonglen: Bad In, Good Out
A teaching on Tonglen practice by Pema Chödrön, and how it begins by taking in our own suffering before we can help others.
the core of the practice: breathing in another’s pain so they can be well and have more space to relax and open, and breathing out, sending them relaxation or whatever you feel would bring them relief and happiness.

-- Pema Chödrön
Lion's Roar | | 2 oct 2017
buddhism  buddhism-00-Top  buddhism-practice  buddhism-practice-tonglen  buddhism-trdtn-mahayana  buddhism-trdtn-tibetan  dharma  dharma-foundation3-method  Pema_Choedron  format-article  type-teaching 
5 days ago by tometaxu
The magic number of people needed to create social change
Your voice is louder, and more meaningful, than you think. ... Only 25% of people need to adopt a new social norm to create an inflection point where everyone in the group follows.

-- Mark Wilson
Fast Company | | 22 jun 2018
social-change  social-networks  communication  community  format-article  type-information  type-research 
5 days ago by tometaxu
Four stages of enlightenment ~ at Wikipedia
The four stages of enlightenment in Theravada Buddhism are the four progressive stages culminating in full enlightenment as an Arahant.

These four stages are Sotapanna, Sakadagami, Anāgāmi, and Arahant. The Buddha referred to people who are at one of these four stages as noble people (ariya-puggala) and the community of such persons as the noble sangha (ariya-sangha)

Wikipedia | | retr aug 2018
buddhism-enlightenment  buddhism-nirvana  buddhism-trdtn-theravada  dharma  dharma-foundation2-details  format-article  type-information 
8 days ago by tometaxu
enlightenment - Who am I- according to Buddhism
Q: What does Buddha say about the question,"Who am I"? Our body and mind perishes with time. If so then who actually attains the Truth?
A: ... you say, "OUR body and mind". So the answer to your question is: "WE do".

[yes :) ]

Buddhism Stack Exchange | | jan 2015
buddhism  buddhism-00-core  buddhism-enlightenment  buddhism-nirvana  buddhism-self  dharma  dharma-00-core  dharma-foundation2-details  format-q/a  type-discussion 
8 days ago by tometaxu
Why can we eat 'living' plants but not 'living' animals?
From the Hindu points of view of: the gunas, cleansing the karma by sacrifice, scripture, path of least destruction, sattvik (balance), observing "taking only what is given", mercy, health, ...

Hinduism Stack Exchange | | jun 2014
ethics  food  dharma  dharma-foundation4-extend  dharma-trdtn-hinduism  vegetarianism  format-q/a  type-discussion 
8 days ago by tometaxu
The Buddha's Four Noble Truths
I. Life is challenging.
II. The cause of suffering is the mind’s struggle in response to challenge.
III. The end of suffering -- a non-struggling, peaceful mind -- is possible.
IV. The program for ending suffering is the Eightfold Path.

-- Sylvia Boorstein
Lion's Roar | | 30 jul 2018
buddhism  buddhism-00-core  buddhism-eightfold_path  buddhism-trdtn-all  dharma  dharma-00-core  Sylvia_Boorstein  format-article  type-teaching 
10 days ago by tometaxu
Ledi Sayadaw's Insight Revolution
In the early 1900s, Ledi Sayadaw sparked the widespread practice of vipassana, or insight meditation. Determined to save Buddhism in Burma during colonial rule, he popularized the teachings of the Abhidharma and introduced thousands of laypeople to the practice of insight meditation.

-- Erik Braun
Lion's Roar | | 5 jul 2018
buddhism  buddhism-history  buddhism-practice  buddhism-trdtn-theravada  buddhism-trdtn-theravada-burma  meditation  meditation-vipassana  Ledi_Sayadaw  format-article  type-history  type-information 
10 days ago by tometaxu
Aeon | a world of ideas
Aeon is a registered charity committed to the spread of knowledge and a cosmopolitan worldview. Our mission is to create a sanctuary online for serious thinking.

[beautiful stuff.]

Aeon | | retr 19 jul 2018
culture  philosophy  science  words  writing  format-website  type-compendium 
28 days ago by tometaxu
Are humans really blind to the gorilla on the basketball court?
The notion of prevalent human blindness also fuels excitement about artificial intelligence (AI), especially its capacity to replace flawed and error-prone human judgment.
But are humans truly blind to the obvious? Recent research suggests otherwise.
[This interpretation of the gorilla experiment] says that what we see is not so much a function of what is directly in front of us ... but rather determined by what we have in our minds, for example, by the questions we have in mind. People miss the gorilla not because they are blind, but because they were prompted – in this case, by the scientists themselves – to pay attention to something else.
In other words, there is no neutral observation. The world doesn’t tell us what is relevant. Instead, it responds to questions.

-- Teppo Felin
Aeon Essays | | 5 jul 2018
awareness  cognition  computing-artificial_intelligence  consciousness  dharma-foundation4-extend  psychology  reality  science  format-article  type-information  type-research 
28 days ago by tometaxu
Nature Research Asia
science journals, jobs, information and services; focusing on Asia; separate sites for India and China.

Nature Asia | | retr 19 jul 2018
00-Top  2read  biology  environment  gaia  nature  science  Asia  format-website  type-compendium  type-research 
28 days ago by tometaxu
Nature Research
science journals, jobs, information and services.
Focusing on the needs of scientists, Nature (founded in 1869) is the leading weekly, international scientific journal. In addition, for this audience, Nature Research publishes the Nature research journals and Nature Reviews journals, plus a range of prestigious academic journals including society-owned publications. Online, provides over 6 million visitors per month with access to Nature Research publications and online databases and services, including news and comment from Nature, ...

Nature | | retr 19 jul 2018
00-Top  2read  biology  environment  gaia  nature  science  format-website  type-compendium  type-research 
28 days ago by tometaxu
AI can be sexist and racist — it’s time to make it fair
When Google Translate converts news articles written in Spanish into English, phrases referring to women often become ‘he said’ or ‘he wrote’. Software designed to warn people using Nikon cameras when the person they are photographing seems to be blinking tends to interpret Asians as always blinking. Word embedding, a popular algorithm used to process and analyse large amounts of natural-language data, characterizes European American names as pleasant and African American ones as unpleasant.
A major driver of bias in AI is the training data. The other is the algorithms, which reinforce discrimination.
Computer scientists must identify sources of bias, de-bias training data and develop artificial-intelligence algorithms that are robust to skews in the data, ...

[long, well-thought out article, with recommendations]

-- James Zou, Londa Schiebinger
Nature | | 18 jul 2018
computing-artificial_intelligence  ethics  compassion  programming  programming-culture  programming-standards  format-article  type-information 
28 days ago by tometaxu
Can or should a Buddhist defend themselves physically?
Re the five precepts -
Buddhism is a religion of principles and not rules. (yes there are rules as code of conduct, but it is not religion of rules). It teaches you basic principles and you are expected to make the decision on basis of that according to the context.
Buddhism is religion with "Metta" (unconditional love). You even are expected to love your enemy. But you are not prohibited from defending yourself.
Ahimsa in Buddhism is not the same as it is in Jainism.

Buddhism Stack Exchange | | jul 2014
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  buddhism-ahimsa  dharma  dharma-foundation2-extend  format-q/a  type-information 
9 weeks ago by tometaxu
What did the Buddha do, and what does a teacher do, to teach?
[P]eople have different levels of prajna (deep intuitive understanding of how things work). Someone who is very mature, because of the work done earlier in this life or in previous lives, may not need any explanations, but someone who is just starting or very confused - may need lots of words and labeling.

Buddhism Stack Exchange | | jun 2018
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  buddhism-practice  dharma  dharma-foundation3-method  format-q/a  type-discussion 
9 weeks ago by tometaxu
Difficulty with Meditation Posture
meditation should be something natural and (yes) pleasant.

Buddhism Stack Exchange | | jun 2018
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  buddhism-practice  dharma  dharma-foundation3-method  meditation  format-q/a  type-discussion 
9 weeks ago by tometaxu
Dharma 204 tags


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