What Is Code?: A Q&A With Writer and Programmer Paul Ford
That’s all I’m really going for with this. If you know how it works, you can make smarter choices for yourself. So one of my goals with this piece is for it to be harder, for someone who reads this (I hope) to be lied to. They should be able to ask smarter questions of the people around them and challenge them more. That’s always good.

-- Ashley Feinberg interviewing Paul Ford about his excellent article "What is Code?"
Gawker | gawkder.com | 11 jun 2015
coding  programming  programming-culture  tech  format-article  type-interview 
2 days ago
Paul Ford: What Is Code?
Most programmers aren’t working on building a widely recognized application like Microsoft Word. Software is everywhere. It’s gone from a craft of fragile, built-from-scratch custom projects to an industry of standardized parts, where coders absorb and improve upon the labors of their forebears (even if those forebears are one cubicle over).

Software is there when you switch channels and your cable box shows you what else is on. You get money from an ATM — software. An elevator takes you up five stories — the same. Facebook releases software every day to something like a billion people, and that software runs inside Web browsers and mobile applications. Facebook looks like it’s just pictures of your mom’s crocuses or your son’s school play — but no, it’s software.

-- Paul Ford
Bloomberg | bloomberg.com | 11 jun 2015
00-Top  coding  programming  programming-culture  society  format-article  type-information 
2 days ago
Code to joy
“The thing that gets lost,” he says, “and which I think is important to know, is that programming is never easy. You’re never doing the same thing twice, because code is infinitely reproducible and if you’ve already solved a problem and you encounter it again, you just use your old solution. So by definition you’re kind of always on this frontier where you’re out of your depth. And one of the things you have to learn is to accept that feeling – of being constantly wrong.”
Which makes coding sound like a branch of Zen Buddhism.

[Andrew's journey learning to code, with lots of nice information and insights along the way.]

-- Andrew Smith
1843 | 1843magazine.com | June/July 2018
coding  learning  programming-culture  programming-languages  format-article  type-information 
2 days ago
The Development of Loving-kindness
[J]ust as in the night, at the moment of dawn, the morn­ing star shines forth, bright and brilliant, even so, whatever grounds there are for making merit productive of a future birth, all these do not equal a sixteenth part of the mind-release of loving-kindness.

-- from The Udana &The Itivuttaka Translated by John D. Ireland. Buddhist Publication Society 1997. Buddhism Now November 2001
Buddhism now | buddhismnow.com | 18 jan 2013
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  buddhism-metta  loving-kindness  dharma  dharma-00-core  dharma-foundation1-core  format-verse  type-teaching 
10 days ago
How social media exploits our moral emotions
John Green puts it, “Twitter is not designed to make you happier or better informed. It’s designed to keep you on Twitter.”
“an endlessly self-renewing bonfire of outrage and confusion.” And given how profitable it has become, social media companies have little financial incentive to scale it back. “I think it’s really important to ask ourselves and to have a serious conversation about how we feel about our moral emotions being used to make a lot of money for tech companies,” Molly Crockett, a psychology professor at Yale,
... the constant triggering of moral outrage—an ancient emotion that motivates the shaming and punishing of others—on social media not only makes money for tech companies, but also alters how we experience and express the emotion.

To what extent do social media companies have a moral obligation to improve the way we communicate with each other?

-- Scott Koenig
Nautilus | nautil.us | 15 may 2018
communication  emotions  ethics  society  format-article  type-information  type-opinion 
10 days ago
Power corrupts ...
"Everything in the world is about sex.
Except sex.
Sex is about power."
— Oscar Wilde

"Power is the great aphrodisiac."
-- Henry Kissinger

"Power tends to corrupt; absolute power c...
ethics  money  power  type-quote  from notes
11 days ago
These should be the end times for American patriotism
The US colonised a very rich continent without ever facing a real geopolitical rival. Lacking a serious competitor for land and other resources, American patriotism turned to the task of conjuring ideological enemies, drawing on an Anglo, especially Puritan, propensity for recasting outsiders as fearsome maleficents.

Sam Haselby
Aeon Ideas | aeon.co | 8 may 2018
attachment  culture  humans  human-behavior  society  United_States  format-article  type-information  type-opinion 
16 days ago
What is the range of a typical WiFi network?
The range of a WiFi computer network depends primarily on the number and type of wireless access points (including wireless routers) used to build it.

[Some useful information in the article. The "picks for some of the best sell[ing routers]" however look like total shill and can be ignored.]

Bradley Mitchell
LifeWire | lifewire.com | 16 feb 2018
internet  internet-hdwr  internet-hdwr-routers  tech  tech-information  format-article  type-information 
19 days ago
The ultimate guide to font sizes in UI design
[F]ind a nice, solitary place, and sanity-check: is my font size readable even at a couple feet? Even adjusting for my young and powerful eyes?

[Very very useful, readable article.]

-- Erik D. Kennedy
Learn UI Design | learnui.design | 23 apr 2018
web  web-00-top  web-accessibility  web-design  web-development  format-article  type-information 
21 days ago
Border run alternatives - Thailand
for Thai visas, residency and work permits
Thailand Visa Forum | thaivisa.com/forum/ | retr 5 may 2018
travel  travel-information  travel-visa-information  Thailand  format-forum  type-discussion 
21 days ago
7-year follow-up shows lasting cognitive gains from meditation
Gains in the ability to sustain attention developed through intensive meditation training are maintained up to seven years later, ...

-- Andy Fell
UC Davis | ucdavis.edu | 4 apr 2018
meditation  meditation-vipassana  mind  format-article  type-research 
21 days ago
[A] digital magazine about the human world. ... how we communicate with each other, why we behave kindly and badly, where and when we evolved in the past, and how we live and continue to evolve today. ... the relationship between our laws and ethics, the cities we build, and the environment we depend on.
[W]e syndicate articles at DiscoverMagazine.com, ScientificAmerican.com, Slate.com, Aeon, The Atlantic, and others.

SAPIENS | sapiens.org | retr 4 may 2018
launched in January 2016
anthropology  humans  mind  science  format-website  format-compendium  type-information  type-research 
21 days ago
How do you count without numbers?
None of us, then, is really a “numbers person.” We are not predisposed to handle quantitative distinctions adroitly. In the absence of the cultural traditions that infuse our lives with numbers from infancy, we would all struggle with even basic quantitative distinctions.

Number words and written numerals transform our quantitative reasoning as they are coaxed into our cognitive experience by our parents, peers, and school teachers. The process seems so normal that we sometimes think of it as a natural part of growing up, but it is not.

-- Caleb Everett | 23 may 2017
SAPIENS | sapiens.org |
anthropology  humans  human-behavior  mind  mind-perception  mathematics  format-article  type-research 
21 days ago
Cliqz - Secure browser with built-in quick search
Cliqz gives you relevant search results and does not leak your private data.

Cliqz | cliqz.com/en/ | retr 4 may 2018
privacy  software  web-browser  web-browser-cliqz  web-security  format-website  type-information 
21 days ago
Are Buddhist monks and nuns celibate?
Celibacy in Buddhism: Why most Buddhist nuns and monks are celibate

The Buddha did not establish celibacy because there is something shameful or sinful about sex, but because sensual desire is a fetter to enlightenment, and for most people, sexual desire is the most nagging and persistent of desires. The ideal is for the desire itself to drop away, and celibacy -- in this case, refraining from any form of sexual gratification -- is understood to be a prerequisite for that.

-- Barbara O'Brien
ThoughtCo | thoughtco.com | 6 mar 2017
buddhism  buddhism-celibacy  buddhism-monasticism  buddhism-trdtn-all  buddhism-vinaya  dharma  dharma-foundation4-extend  monastic-life  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
Wind Horse ~ at Wikipedia
The wind horse is an allegory for the human soul in the shamanistic tradition of East Asia and Central Asia. In Tibetan Buddhism, it was included as the pivotal element in the center of the four animals symbolizing the cardinal directions and a symbol of the idea of well-being or good fortune. It has also given the name to a type of prayer flag that has the five animals printed on it.

Depending on the language, the symbol has slightly different names. ...

Wikipedia | en.wikipedia.org | retr 3 may 2018
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  culture  dharma-popular  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
The Thai Forest Tradition of Buddhist Monks
The Forest Monk Tradition of Theravada Buddhism could be understood as a modern revival of ancient monasticism. Although the term "forest monk tradition" primarily is associated with the Kammatthana [meditation] tradition of Thailand, today there are many forest traditions around the world.

-- Barbara O'Brien
ThoughtCo. | thoughtco.com | 8 mar 2017
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-thai_forest_tradition  dharma  dharma-practice  meditation-practice-kammatthana  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
Start your spiritual path: What to expect on a Buddhist retreat
Attending a "beginner" retreat is an ideal way to begin a personal experience of Buddhism outside of books. You'll be in the company of other beginners, and such matters as temple protocols or how to meditate will be explained.

[What to expect; Where to find; Recognise inauthentic teachers; Advanced retreats]

-- Barbara O'Brien
ThoughtCo | thoughtco.com |
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  dharma  dharma-foundation4-extend  dharma-practice  dharma-practice-retreat  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
Which school of Buddhism Is right for you?
Many doors to one dharma
The many schools of Buddhism employ different skillful means (upaya) to help people realize enlightenment, and they explain Buddhism in many different ways.
Some traditions emphasize reason; others devotion; others mysticism; most combine all of that, somehow. There are traditions that stress meditation as the most important practice, but in other traditions, people don't meditate at all.
... [I]t's probably unproductive to worry about fine points of doctrine. ... consider how a particular sangha feels to you. Is it welcoming and supportive? Do the talks and liturgy "speak" to you, even if on a subtle [even nonverbal] level?

[Many more good thoughts about choosing a school or sangha. Doesn't give summaries of the schools in this article.]

-- Barbara O'Brien
ThoughtCo | thoughtco.com | 8 mar 2017
buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  dharma  dharma-foundation4-extend  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
Devadatta, the disciple who turned against the Buddha
Devadatta believed he should be the World-Honored One and the leader of the order of monks.
The Mahasanghika [canon] remembered Devadatta as a devout and saintly monk. No trace of the "evil Devadatta" story can be found in their version ... This has led some scholars to speculate that the story of the renegade Devadatta is a later invention.

-- Barbara O'Brien
ThoughtCo | thoughtco.com | 5 feb 2018
buddhism  buddhism-history  buddhism-trdtn-all  dharma  dharma-foundation2-details  Devadatta  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
Optimum Egg Quality: A Practical Approach
A fresh egg, with a clean, smooth, brown or white shell, a pure, deep-yellow yolk and a translucent, firm white — this is the ideal ...

Egg producers and anyone else interested in poultry management will find this book a comprehensive, yet clear, simple and practical guide to improving egg quality.

[Also anyone interested in eating eggs can find this useful information about what is safe to eat, or interesting for what causes things in eggs.]

The Poultry Site | thepoultrysite.com | year? retr 3 may 2018
body  food  food-egg  health  health-food  health-maintenance  format-article  format-book  type-information 
23 days ago
Mottled yolks and discoloured yolks
The colour of the yolk may be uneven or patchy, as shown, or vary from the desired colour range (deep-yellow to orange-yellow).
Some degree of mottling occurs in more than 50% of all eggs. The severity of mottling increases as eggs become stale. Discoloured yolks are rare.

[many different causes, all not good.]

Eqq Quality Handbook - The Poultry Site | thepoultrysite.com | year? retr 3 may 2018

I never encountered this in West; in India starting in April 2018 most of the eggs i get have this. Got me worried and led to doing the searches which found this page :/
tmx, 3 may 2018
body  food  food-egg  health  health-food  health-maintenance  India  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
Common egg quality problems
This article is about the most common egg irregularities and problems and their causes. A few members have asked me if these odd eggs are safe to eat. That depends on the cause of the deformity/irregularity. Most of these eggs, though some may look rather unappetising, are perfectly safe for human consumption. If the cause of the deformity/irregularity is disease or treatment for disease/pest I would play it safe and discard the eggs rather as many drugs given to chickens leaves a residue in their eggs during the withdrawal period (usually 3 weeks).

[good sections on How an egg is formed; Common problems, with photos and clear descriptions: egg shells, yolk, albumen.]

BackYard Chickens | backyardchickens.com | 2013, 2016

I never encountered any of these in West; in India see most, which got me worried and led to doing the searches which found this page :/
tmx, 3 may 2018
body  food  food-egg  health  health-food  health-maintenance  India  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
30+ things to do with eggshell
It is very important to only use eggshells from healthy, natural chickens if you or your animals are going to ingest the shells. Eggs from factory farms are not only less nutritious, but can also carry harmful pathogens. I personally have no problem eating raw eggs from my own free-range hens, but I wouldn’t do so with eggs from the store.

The Prairie Homestead | theprairiehomestead.com | retr 3 may 2018
body  food  food-egg  health  health-food  health-maintenance  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
What is the benefit of forcing a site to load over SSL (HTTPS)?
[many good reasons given; good discussion.]

Webmasters Stack Exchange | webmasters.stackexchange.com | may 2018
4web-warriors  internet  internet-privacy  internet-security  internet-security-SSL/TLS  web  web-security  server  format-q/a  type-discussion 
23 days ago
Could an AI alter the course of Tibet Autonomous Region
If the institution of Dalai Lama itself is abolished, it would very much be in the interests of China. If both sides choose their own Dalai Lama, the institution will still be denigrated. But what if through a technological intervention, we can ascertain that while both the sides may or may not have their new Dalai Lamas, we do get to keep a copy of the 14th Dalai Lama’s evolving mind as an engine powering a his holiness’ holograph?

-- Shashank Yadav
Indian National Interest | nationalinterest.in | 17 sep 2017

The question is, what constitutes a living being? an identity? a consciousness? a mind? a personality? Are they all only contained in the waves of the physical brain?

My first thought is that the "copy of the 14th Dalai Lama’s evolving mind" would be like a zombie, or a machine. like a talking and moving doll. there would be no soul there.

Second thought, making an entity to preserve buddhism which is not coming from the teachings of buddhism.

Something like that. Needs more thinking about.

Also, this is really about politics, not about preserving buddhism or the dalai lama teachings.

-- tmx, 2 may 2018
body-brain  consciousness  ethics  identity  mind  politics  self  tech  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-information 
23 days ago
The Takshashila Institution
A centre for research and education in public policy
An independent networked think tank on India's strategic affairs
An independent, non-partisan, non-profit organisation

[C]ontributes towards building the intellectual foundations of an India that has global interests. It aims to establish itself as one of the most credible voices in India’s public policy discourse, known for its unambiguous pursuit of the national interest, through consistent high-quality policy advisories.

The Takshashila Institution | takshashila.org.in | retr 2 may 2018

Knowledgeable friend says: Takshashila is a credible think tank.
Tmx says: Seems kinda vague and hand-wavy, have to define themselves several times all over the website, more-link to more-link to more-link -- but it's a world i don't know, so maybe there is solidity and usefulness there.
-- tmx, 2 may 2018
governance  society  India  format-website  type-information 
23 days ago
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
Here you can find the official PDF of the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (General Data Protection Regulation) as a neatly arranged website. All Articles of the GDPR are linked with suitable recitals. The European Data Protection Regulation will be applicable as of May 25th, 2018 in all member states to harmonize data privacy laws across Europe.
[Here is *all* the info.]

General Data Protection Regulation | gdpr-info.eu | retr 2 may 2018
law  privacy  internet-freedom  internet-privacy  internet-surveillance  surveillance-capitalism  format-website  type-information 
24 days ago
What is it like to be a dolphin?
The differences between dolphins and humans, that’s where the beauty lies—in the notion that a nonhuman animal could exhibit such cognitive complexity and yet be so utterly alien to us.

[really interesting and also written very beautifully]

-- Maggie Ryan Sandford
Nautilus | nautil.us | 23 apr 2018
animal-rights  animals  animals-dolphins  animals-sentient  consciousness  humans  mind  format-article  type-information 
24 days ago
Civilization is built on code
The word “code” derives from the Latin codex, meaning “a system of laws.”
The first [cooking] recipes — code at work — literally made humans what we are today.

“Code” as I intend it incorporates elements of computer code, genetic code, cryptologic code, and other forms as well. But, as I describe in my book The Code Economy: A Forty-Thousand Year History, published last* year, it also stands as its own concept—the algorithms that guide production in the economy—for which no adequate word yet exists. Code can include instructions we follow consciously and purposively, and those we follow unconsciously and intuitively. ...

-- Philip Auerswald
Nautilus | nautil.us | 30 apr 2018
coding  computer-science  education  history  science 
24 days ago
Motherboard made a tool that archives websites on demand
mass_archive, a basic Python script, will push a webpage or URL to multiple archive services at once, hopefully making online journalism or research a bit more efficient.

Motherboard | motherboard.vice.com | 1 may 2018
web  web-archiving  web-broken  web-ephemeral  format-article  type-information 
24 days ago
Webpage archive
takes a 'snapshot' of a webpage that will always be online even if the original page disappears.
It saves a text and a graphical copy of the page for better accuracy
and provides a short and reliable link to an unalterable record of any web page

Archive.is | archive.is | retr 1 may 2018
web  web-archiving  web-broken  web-ephemeral  format-website  type-archive 
24 days ago
Perma.cc helps scholars, journals and courts prevent link rot by creating permanent, reliable, unalterable links to the online sources cited in their work.

Frequently asked questions
Once you capture a Perma Link, neither its content nor its address will change, no matter what happens to the original link.

Who runs Perma.cc?
How long do Perma links last?
Can I delete a Perma link?
Is Perma.cc open source?
What’s your privacy policy?

[Oriented towards libraries and scholars.] if you need more than ten links per month you should work with a journal or a library that uses Perma.cc.

Perma.cc | perma.cc | retr 1 may 2018
web  web-archiving  web-broken  web-ephemeral  format-website  type-archive 
24 days ago
The Buddhist and the Neuroscientist: What compassion does to the brain
[I]t’s still not known precisely how compassion alters the brain to promote better health or better behavior. Gamma waves and lit up insula can only tell you so much about the linkages between the mind and the body, and, in turn, about what it really takes to think your way to a better character.

-- Kathy Gilsinan
The Atlantic | theatlantic.com | 4 jul 2015
compassion  ethics  buddhism  buddhism-trdtn-all  buddhism-karuna  buddhism-practice  meditation  science  format-article  type-research 
24 days ago
Meanings of dictionary, glossary, lexicon, vocabulary, word-book ~ at StackExchange
[good discussion, and comprehensive answer taken from the OED.]

English Language & Usage Stack Exchange | english.stackexchange.com | retr 30 apr 2018
words  words-definition  format-q/a  type-discussion 
26 days ago
Everything depends on your attitude: Creating a bodhicitta motivation for life
In this introductory talk to the Light of the Path retreat in 2009, Lama Zopa Rinpoche explains why everything — good and bad — depends on our mental attitude and why having a good heart wishing to benefit all living beings is so essential. The teaching is interwoven with stories from Rinpoche’s own early life.

[Video, and lovely text and photos.]

-- Lama Zoma Rinpoche
Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive | lamayeshe.com |
buddhism  buddhism-history  buddhism-trdtn-mahayana  buddhism-trdtn-tibetan  dharma  dharma-foundation2-details  tibetan-history  Lama_Zopa_Rinpoche  Tibet  format-video  format-article  type-information  type-teaching 
27 days ago
More Chinese tourists expected due to Alibaba
“We are already in a ‘tourism trap’ Around 10 million Chinese tourists visit Thailand every year and generate around Bt1 trillion If they are dissatisfied with us, what will happen” to Thailand’s tourism industry?” asked Thon.
[Amornched Jinda-apiraksa, CEO and co-founder of TakeMeTour] said operating the travel business in the Chinese market is very challenging due to the language barrier and because Chinese tourists have specific behaviours and characteristics.

-- Jintana Panyaarvudh, Asina Pornwasin
The Nation | nationmultimedia.com | 29 apr 2018
chinese-people  greed  travel  Thailand  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
What can AI experts learn from Buddhism? A new approach to machine-learning ethics aims to find out
Rapid advances in AI have spawned a number of recent initiatives that aim to convince engineers, programmers, and others to prioritize ethical considerations in their work—but almost all of them have originated in rich Western countries. An effort from the huge engineering association IEEE is now trying to change that, with its own AI ethics proposal that it says will be a global, multilingual collaboration.

- MIT Technology Review | technologyreview.com | retr 29 apr 2018

absolutely stupid presentation of the article as a modal window. Hope it defaults to a regular page when the javascript isn't working. Hope it is archivable. Can we have another movement for the ethics of this kind of stupidity?
-- tmx, 29 apr 2018
buddhism  consciousness  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  ethics  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems
An incubation space for new standards and solutions, certifications and codes of conduct, and consensus building for ethical implementation of intelligent technologies.
[Overview of the intiative]

IEEE Standards | standards.ieee.org | 2017? - retr 29 apr 201
buddhism  consciousness  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  ethics  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
Ethically Aligned Design, Version 2 (EADv2)
The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems) is launching the second version of Ethically Aligned Design: A Vision for Prioritizing Human Well-being with Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, (EADv2) the most comprehensive, crowd-sourced global treatise regarding the Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems available today.
Download Ethically Aligned Design, Version 2

250 global thought experts created this document. Now we need more leaders like you to help us take action to prioritize values-driven, ethically aligned design for autonomous and intelligent systems.

EEE Standards Association / IEE Ethics in Action | ethicsinaction.ieee.org | retr 29 apr 2018
buddhism  consciousness  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  ethics  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
IEEE Global Initiative aims to advance ethical design of AI and Autonomous Systems
AI and autonomous systems have to behave in a way that is beneficial to people beyond reaching functional goals and addressing technical problems. This will allow for an elevated level of trust for technology that is needed for a fruitful pervasive use of these systems in our daily lives.

-- Raja Chatila, Kay Firth-Butterfield, John C. Havens, and Konstantinos Karachalios
IEEE Spectrum | spectrum.ieee.org | 29 mar 2017
buddhism  consciousness  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  ethics  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
Ethics of artificial intelligence ~ at Wikipedia
The ethics of artificial intelligence is the part of the ethics of technology specific to robots and other artificially intelligent beings. It is typically[citation needed] divided into roboethics, a concern with the moral behavior of humans as they design, construct, use and treat artificially intelligent beings, and machine ethics, which is concerned with the moral behavior of artificial moral agents (AMAs).
Weizenbaum explains that we require authentic feelings of empathy from people in these positions [e.g., therapist, nurse, soldier]. If machines replace them, we will find ourselves alienated, devalued, and frustrated. Artificial intelligence, if used in this way, represents a threat to human dignity. Weizenbaum argues that the fact that we are entertaining the possibility of machines in these positions suggests that we have experienced an "atrophy of the human spirit that comes from thinking of ourselves as computers."

Wikipedia | en.wikipedia.org | retr 29 apr 2018
buddhism  consciousness  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  ethics  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
The Dalai Lama Protocol: Buddhism meets AI
The risk then is that our pioneers of AI may not realize or accept this fundamental difference and inadvertently create something that is all intellect and no compassion, which could ultimately lead to something truly destructive.

What might be a worthwhile experiment is to build an AI program that emulates Buddhist thinking — a Dalai Lama-bot if you will, to see if we can build an AI that can make the same decisions as the Dalai Lama based on objective compassion and empathy.

-- Sheng Huang
Medium | medium.com | 10 jul 2016
buddhism  consciousness  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  ethics  tech-artificial_intelligence  tech-ethics  tech-machine_learning  format-article  type-opinion 
27 days ago
@Thai_idioms ~ on Twitter
A Thai who enjoys learning and explaining Thai idioms in English. Also tweet as @lanna_talk & @Thai_Talk.
Bangkok, Thailand

[Useful Thai words and constructions. Hasn't tweeted in a while, but maybe she will start again -- anyway what is there is useful.]

-- kaewmala @thai_idioms
Twitter | twitter.com | retr 28 apr 2018
language  language-thai  format-tweet  type-information 
27 days ago
In China, coffee shop habits show cultural differences tied to farming |
Even among longtime city folk, legacy of rice versus wheat agriculture affects behavior.
How close people sit and whether they dodge or move chairs blocking aisles reveals whether their cultural roots go back to rice farming in southern China or wheat farming in northern China,

-- Bruce Bower
Science News | sciencenews.org | 25 apr 2018
culture  psychology  self  society  China  format-article  type-research 
27 days ago
OUseful.Info, the blog...
Trying to find useful things to do with emerging technologies in open education and data journalism.

Tony Hirst is:
Lecturer in the Computing and Communication department at The Open University (0.8FTE),
occasional open data trainer with the Open Knowledge Foundation School of Data,
regular blogger at OUseful.info

-- Tony Hirst
OUseful.info | ouseful.info | retr 28 apr 2018
education  data  web-archiving  web-broken  format-website  type-information 
27 days ago
Digital Dementia – Are Google Search and the Web Getting Alzheimer’s?
[I]f you take the time to make a permanent mark in the structure of the web, by posting a blog post to a lasting, public domain, with a persistent URL that others can link to, and in turn embed your content in a contextually meaningful way by linking to other posts that you value as useful context related to the content of your own post, you can help build new memories and help the web keep digital dementia at bay.

-- Tony Hirst
OUseful.Info, the blog... | blog.ouseful.info | 22 oct 2017
information  web-accessibility  web-archiving  web-broken  format-article  type-information 
27 days ago
How safe are password managers like LastPass?
[good, well-thought-out answers.]

Information Security Stack Exchange | security.stackexchange.com | apr 2018
4web-warriors  internet  internet-security  web-security  format-q/a  type-discussion  type-information 
28 days ago
Is there any security risk when a certificate authority is used more than all others? [e.g., letsencrypt]
To break this discussion out of comments on the other answer: one issue with a single CA dominating is that if there is a problem requiring it to be replaced (e.g. browsers stop trusting it, or it goes bust), there needs to be somewhere for everyone to migrate to. This is true of any CA, but if customers are spread around many different providers, there is a smaller number needing to migrate, ...

Information Security Stack Exchange | security.stackexchange.com | apr 2018
4web-warriors  internet-security  internet-security-letsencrypt  internet-security-SSL/TLS  format-q/a  type-discussion  type-information 
28 days ago
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (Bionic Beaver) released
The Ubuntu team is very pleased to announce our seventh long-term support release, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS for Desktop, Server, Cloud, and Core.
Codenamed “Bionic Beaver”, 18.04 LTS continues Ubuntu’s proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution.

-- Adam Conrad
Ubuntu Fridge | fridge.ubuntu.com | 27 apr 2018
gnu-linux  gnu-linux-ubuntu  gnu-linux-ubuntu-18  operating-systems  tech  tech-information  type-article  type-information 
28 days ago
Breeze through Ubuntu Desktop 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver
The Bionic Beaver, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ... making sure that your upgrade from previous releases is smooth and trouble free, tracking down bugs to make 18.04 LTS stable and reliable, and adding some new features which I’d like to introduce you to and quickly run through how they work.

-- Will Cooke
Ubuntu Insights | insights.ubuntu.com | 27 apr 2018
gnu-linux  gnu-linux-ubuntu  gnu-linux-ubuntu-18  operating-systems  tech  tech-information  type-article  type-information 
28 days ago
Leave it to Beaver: Unity is long gone and you're on your GNOME
Canonical has released Ubuntu 18.04, Bionic Beaver, as this one is nicknamed. The Beaver is a long-term support (LTS) release, which means it'll be supported until 2023.
For those who only upgrade from LTS to LTS releases, this will be a major update, one you may not like. Ubuntu 18.04 will be your first without the Unity desktop.

-- Scott Gilbertson
The Register | theregister.co.uk | 27 apr 2018
gnu-linux  gnu-linux-ubuntu  gnu-linux-ubuntu-18  operating-systems  tech  tech-information  format-article  type-information 
28 days ago
J.D. McClatchy on the Contrast and Complementarity of Desire and Love –
We are creatures of such staggering psychoemotional complexity that we are often opaque to ourselves, purblind to the constellation of our own thoughts, our own feelings, our chaotic and often contradictory desires — nowhere more so than in the realm of the heart.

Brain Pickings
love  desire  Maria_Popova  format-article  type-information 
28 days ago
Strange and maddening rules [for Stack Exchange questions]
We decided that newbies had to be welcome. Nothing was too “beginner” to be a reasonable question on Stack Overflow… as long as you did some homework before asking the question.

-- Joel Spolsky
Joel on Software | joelonsoftware.com | 23 apr 2018
communication  ethics  programming  programming-culture  society  tech  tech-best-practice  tech-culture  tech-documentation  tech-ethics  format-article  type-information 
29 days ago
Stack Overflow isn't very welcoming. It's time for that to change
We’re planning to test a new “beginner” ask page that breaks the question box into multiple fields – one for each of the key things answerers need to help.

-- Jay Hanlon
Stack Overflow Blog | stackoverflow.blog | 26 apr 2018
society  programming-culture  tech  tech-culture  tech-ethics  format-article  type-information 
29 days ago
privacy enhancing technology; protection of the people
You can't both build privacy enhancing technology to protect marginalized people and communities from abuse of power AND provide a mechanism in that technology for powerful people to have access.

-- @SarahJamieLewis
Twitter | twitter.com | 26 apr 2018
governance  internet  internet-control  internet-surveillance  privacy  society  format-twitter-thread  type-opinion 
29 days ago
Informed wisdom trumps rigid rules when it comes to medical evidence | Science News
Everybody agrees that medical treatments should be based on sound evidence. Hardly anybody agrees on what sort of evidence counts as sound.

[explains clinical trials, meta-analyses, systematic review, and their drawbacks]

-- Tom Siegfried
Science News | sciencenews.org | 23 apr 2018
science  format-article  type-information 
29 days ago
Lifewire - Help with consumer tech
Technology is a like a wire that runs through our lives. ...
Lifewire teaches you how to best use your screens and gadgets, have fun with technology, fix what isn’t working, and buy the best gear for your life. We're here with straightforward, practical advice to help you live better with technology.
Lifewire is a Dotdash brand and part of the IAC family of websites.

Lifewire | lifewire.com | retr 26 apr 2018
computer  computer-hardware  computer-hardware-phone  software  tech  tech-howtos  tech-information  format-website  type-information 
4 weeks ago
LiteSpeed configuration settings: Mitigate DoS and DDoS attacks
[There are a lot of throttling settings in LiteSpeed to protect from DOS attacks - Per Client, Request, Bandwidth, Connection, and more. My interest here is the Connection Hard Limit and Soft Limit:]

Connection Hard Limit controls how many concurrent connections are allowed from one IP address. If an IP reaches the hard connection limit, the web server will immediately close newly accepted connections from that IP address, and move on to pending connections from different IP addresses. As almost all web browsers support keep-alive/persistent connections (multiple requests pipelined through one connection), the number of connections required in normal browsing is very small.
The number of connections can temporarily exceed the soft limit during the grace period, as long as it is under the hard limit. After the grace period, if it is still above the soft limit, then no more connections will be allowed from that IP for duration of the banned period.

LiteSpeed | litespeedtech.com | retr 25 apr 2018
tech-documentation  tech-information  web-server  web-server-litespeed  format-article  type-information 
4 weeks ago
Nikkei Asian Review
[High-quality news, opinion, life and arts. Is a magazine also. Out of Japan]

Nikkei Asian Review | asia.nikkei.com | retr 24 apr 2018
Asia  China  India  Japan  SouthEast_Asia  Thailand  format-website  type-information  type-news 
4 weeks ago
Women in Ochre: Thailand's rebel nuns gain ground
By long tradition monks have dominated the religion, while the white-cloaked nuns, or maechi, were relegated to the lowest rung of the Buddhist hierarchy, often no better than menial monastery servants and with no path open to higher spiritual status. Thailand's Supreme Sangha Council, the religion's ruling body, persistently argued that since the lineage of the bhikkhuni order, under which women could be invested, died out long ago, this break made such an elevation impossible.
Dhammananda and others, including many progressive monks, argue that 2,500 years ago Buddha himself ordained the first bhikkhunis, including his own adoptive mother. So "if you respect the Buddha you should try to revive what he established." The Buddha's core teachings, she said, are "genderless."

-- Denis Gray
Nikkei Asian Review | asia.nikkei.com | 9 jul 2017
buddhism  buddhism-history  buddhism-trdtn-theravada  buddhism-trdtn-theravada-thailand  buddhism-women  format-article  type-information 
4 weeks ago
Does carbon really work? [carbon filters in air purifiers]
HEPAs do an amazing job at removing particulates, but particulates aren’t everything. Gases like volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are so small that they slip through HEPAs. “VOC” is a big category, including things like benzene and formaldehyde. VOCs can cause cancer, throat irritation, dizziness, and other not-fun side effects.
The results showed that carbon effectively removed VOCs.
Does everyone need carbon? [Probably not, only in conditions of VOCs. He doesn't use carbon filter in his home.]

-- Thomas Talhelm, Smart Air Founder
Particle Counting | particlecounting.tumblr.com | 2015
00-Top  air  air-pollution  air-purifiers  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Are purifiers useless if windows are opened? [answer: No]
[H]aving the windows open does NOT mean turning on your purifier will be useless. It may mean it takes longer to bring the PM2.5 levels below the safe limit (or it might not even be possible), but it is definitely still an improvement over no purifier.

-- Choon Khin
Smart Air Filters | smartairfilters.com | 12 may 2017
air  air-pollution  air-purifiers  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-information  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Does Closing the Windows Starve Us of Oxygen?
Air purifiers work best in a closed room environment and this worries some who are concerned that there wouldn’t be enough oxygen coming in when all doors and windows are closed. Yet recent tests in a real apartment — with as many as seven people in a small room — show less than 1% change in oxygen levels in a closed room.

[Carbon dioxide however can be an issue. Open your windows from time to time; and/or leave the windows opened, just a tiny gap. Air purifier will still be effective.

-- Thomas Talhelm, Smart Air Founder
Particle Counting | particlecounting.tumblr.com | 17 apr 2018
air  air-pollution  air-purifiers  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-information  type-research 
4 weeks ago
3 things that brought this woman back from Alzheimer’s | TreeHugger
Mark’s now 82-year old mom, Sylvia, was diagnosed with multifactorial Alzheimer’s in December of 2016. It progressed so quickly that at its darkest times, she did not remember who he was or where she was. But after pouring over research and a year of hard work, Mark says, "I slowly got my mum back. Her memory is improving all the time. She is more alert and engaged. She is basically her old self again.”
1. Eat brain-nourishing foods ...
2. Stay away from bad foods ...
3. Increased physical, mental and social activity ...

-- Melissa Breyer
Treehugger | treehugger.com | 23 apr 2018
body-aging  body-brain  food-healthy  health  health-food  health-maintenance  mind-aging  format-article  type-information 
4 weeks ago
What five words best describe programming? ~ at Twitter
Great stuff. Like:
"it works on my machine"
"What sonofabitch wrote - - - oh, me..."
"Five minutes to fix this"
and much more.

Twitter | twitter.com | apr 2018
programming  programming-culture  format-twitter-thread  type-discussion 
4 weeks ago
Mushrooms found to be unusually packed with anti-aging potential
[M]ushrooms contain unusually high amounts of two antioxidants that some experts believe could help fight aging and boost health.
The team of scientists found that mushrooms contain high levels of ergothioneine and glutathione, both important antioxidants, ...

-- Melissa Breyer
TreeHugger | treehugger.com | 10 nov 2017
body  body-aging  food  food-healthy  food-mushrooms  health  health-food  health-maintenance  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Yes, cats do have facial expressions
Enter these scientists, who set out to create a “facial coding system” for cats, which they term “CatFACS” (fortunately not related to putting cats into a flow cytometer). This type of framework can help link up behaviors and emotions in cats, as well as other related animals. Be sure to check out the figure below for a handy guide to cat expressions!

Discover | blogs.discovermagazine.com | 20 apr 2018

I knew it!
-- tmx, 24 apr 2018
animals  animals-cats  animals-sentient  consciousness  emotions  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Particle Counting - Thomas Talhelm
[The blog about air pollution and air purifiers by Thomas Talhelm, Smart Air Founder. Full of information, anecdotes, and research. Very readable and informative. Only quibble is the dates on the articles: light grey, at the bottom of each post, in that nasty format "one week ago".]

-- Thomas Talhelm, Smart Air Founder
Particle Counting | particlecounting.tumblr.com | retr 24 apr 2018
air  air-masks  air-pollution  air-purifiers  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-information  type-research 
4 weeks ago
How to make a DIY air purifier
Based on my research into how different filters work, I concluded that a HEPA filter is all you really need to fight particulate air pollution in China. Given the fact fancy air purifiers run for 8,000 RMB here in Beijing, and I’m only here for a year, I thought I’d try making my own. I’ll give details on how well it works later, but here I’ll explain how I made it:

1. Buy a fan. It’s important that it has a flat front so that you can strap the HEPA filter to it. ...
2. Buy a HEPA filter ...
3. Strap it on!

-- Thomas Talhelm, Asst. Prof Behavioral Science, U Chicago Booth; Smart Air Founder
Particle Counting | particlecounting.tumblr.com | undated :(
00-Top  air  air-pollution  air-purifiers  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Can a 450 RMB DIY remove as much particulate as a $1,000 IQ Air?
All of the filters significantly reduced particulates, but the 450 RMB Cannon removed as many particles as the highest-performing big brand. Even the 200 RMB Original was only 6% behind the Blue Air on the .5 micron particles and 4% behind on the 2.5 micron particles.
6 RMB 3M masks like the kind I use now outperform the 349 RMB Respro masks I used to use. With the 3M 9501, I can buy 58 masks for the price of one Respro AND block a higher percentage of particles:

-- Thomas Talhelm, Asst. Prof Behavioral Science, U Chicago Booth; Smart Air Founder
Particle Counting | particlecounting.tumblr.com | undated :(
00-Top  air  air-masks  air-pollution  air-purifiers  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  China  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
I want to do something about the air pollution in New Delhi. Is anyone from the Quora community willing to join me?
One thing I've been doing has been to help people breathe clean air at home. It won't solve the problem in the environment, but at least it can help people avoid breathing crazy high levels of particulate pollution in their home.

I call it Smart Air. I started it when I was living in Beijing and the air pollution was really bad: [photo] ...
Does clean air need to be that expensive?
I started doing research and found out that HEPA filters are the main ingredient to capture small particles from the air, so I built my own. I bought a HEPA filter from a manufacturer and strapped it to a fan I had at home: [photo]
Once I discovered that I could make clean air for less than $100, I published the test data ..., the instructions (How to Make a DIY Air Purifier), and started shipping my simple purifiers to people all over China through Smart Air and our Taobao Store.
After I started Smart Air, I got lots of emails from people in India. I had no idea the pollution was so bad there. So I started a team in India ...

-- Thomas Talhelm, Asst. Prof Behavioral Science, U Chicago Booth; Smart Air Founder
Quora | quora.com | 10 dec 2015
00-Top  air  air-pollution  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  Delhi  India  format-article  type-information  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Effectiveness of home air cleaners in reducing indoor levels of particles
We breathe about 13 cubic meters of air each day, and many of the particles in the air deposit in our lungs. Hundreds of studies worldwide have documented increases in morbidity and mortality associated with increases in particle levels outdoors. However, people spend almost 90% of their time indoors, and indoor air has its own list of sources that may be as bad or worse than outdoors—for example, cigarette smoke. Therefore much interest lies in developing ways to clean indoor air. One way to improve indoor air quality is to use an air cleaner. Air cleaners have been sold for many years, but it is important to evaluate their effectiveness in reducing pollutants in the home. Therefore Health Canada has sponsored this review of the effectiveness of air cleaners in homes. Although pollutants include gases as well as particles, this review concentrates on particle air cleaners.
There is no question that some air cleaners can perform a valuable service in lowering particle
levels in homes. Fortunately, there are three important sources of objective information that homeowners can use to select suitable air cleaners—the AHAM and ConsumerReports.org Websites described above, and the newest ASHRAE ratings of filters (the MERV scale described above).

[thorough and comprehensive. Lots of references followed up on. ]

-- Lance A Wallace
ResearchGate | researchgate.net | 12 mar 2008
air  air-pollution  air-purifiers  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Are air purifiers useful? What do they really do? Which ones are the best? - Quora
Conclusion: Air purifiers reduce particulate pollution in real-world homes.

[many useful graphs and information.]

-- Thomas Talhelm, Asst. Prof Behavioral Science, U Chicago Booth; Smart Air Founder
Quora | quora.com | 4 dec 2017
00-Top  air  air-pollution  air-purifiers  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
Why is Delhi the most polluted city of the world?
... due largely to 1) cooking with charcoal and other solid fuels, 2) a lack of enforced emission standards for private motor vehicles, and 3) the use of diesel generators for backup electricity.
... also comes from widespread use of coal as fuel and the burning of rice straw in fields.

-- Thomas Talhelm, Asst. Prof Behavioral Science, U Chicago Booth; Smart Air Founder
Quora | quora.com | 10 dec 2015
air  air-pollution  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  Delhi  India  format-article  type-information 
4 weeks ago
Is there a medically-proven advantage to wearing a pollution mask when cycling?
Participants wore monitors and had their heart rate and blood pressure measured. When wearing the mask, participants had lower blood pressure ... average [121 down to 114] ...
They also had increased heart rate variability. That might sound bad, but it's actually a good thing. We want our heart rates to go up when we exercise and down when we rest.
Conclusion: There is at least some scientific evidence that masks have a benefit on our health.

-- Thomas Talhelm, Asst. Prof Behavioral Science, U Chicago Booth; Smart Air Founder
Quora | quora.com | 31 aug 2016
air  air-pollution  air-SmartAirFilters  earth  environment  gaia  pollution  China  format-article  type-research 
4 weeks ago
How playing with sloths taught me about sexual consent
As I sniffed my sweatshirt to ensure that it was sloth-friendly, I realized that this was more than being merely mindful. This was what building a consent culture was about: not demanding attention or consent from others, but doing minor things to create a safe space for a yes while also accepting a no.

-- Kitty Stryker
Pacific Standard | psmag.com | 19 apr 2018
animals  animal-rights  awareness  dharma  dharma-is-where-you-find-it  love  loving-kindness  mindfulness  format-article  type-information 
4 weeks ago
This is what air pollution looks like from space
The world’s most advanced air pollution monitoring satellite recently sent back its first images, illustrating the increasingly hazardous global air pollution problem and offering a preview of monitoring improvements yet to come.
[beautiful images. and scary]

Earther | earther.com | 23 apr 2018
air  air-pollution  earth  environment  gaia  format-article  format-images  format-map  type-information 
4 weeks ago
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