Education Department's inspector general's high-stakes audit of Western Governors U
Western Governors competency model of education is being investigated because students may not get enough contact with faculty; and if so, that might mean it should be classified as correspondence course. But others argue that this requirement is outdated: it favors process rather than outcomes. Jonathan Rees says in another article: does that mean that we now value only outcomes? This could also impact MOOCs where there is no faculty-student contact; although MOOCs are not really accredited.
moocs  public_discourse 
4 hours ago
Capitol Alert: AM Alert: Jerry Brown pushes UC to find 'outer limits' of online education
A busy Wednesday morning delivering his State of the State address and handing out Sutter Brown playing cards didn't keep Gov. Jerry Brown from heading to San Francisco to talk online education at the bimonthly meeting of the University of California Board of Regents. The regents' meeting concludes today with a session starting at 8:30 a.m.

Sitting in on part of Wednesday's meeting, Brown challenged regents to develop classes that require no "human intervention" and might expand the system's reach beyond its student body.

"If this university can probe into" black holes, he said, "can't somebody create a course — Spanish, calculus, whatever — totally online? That seems to me less complicated than that telescope you were talking about," referring to an earlier agenda item.

After receiving pushback from UC provost Aimée Dorr, who delivered the presentation, that students are "less happy and less engaged" without human interaction, Brown said those measurements were too soft and he wanted empirical results.
moocs  california  public_discourse  regulation 
4 hours ago
Automate This, Not That | Vitae
Rees says the correct thing to automate is things that require drudgery e.g. the process of looking at yoru transcript and graduation requirements and figuring out the discrepancy
moocs  public_discourse 
4 hours ago
Basketball Battle Between The Janitor And The Security Guard
Stupid video - confuses tacit knowledge with propositional knowledge. And people actually seem to like it! No one says: if this was so easy, all good physiists would be great basketball shooters now. Or robots would be.
3 days ago
New initiatives accelerate learning research and its applications | MIT News
MIT reorganized its digital learning initiatives and claims that research on learning is the new frontier
mitx  moocs  public_discourse 
5 days ago
How Amazon could destroy college as we know it - Vox
A pundit speculates how Amazon could change college. The story he spins is analogous to AWS and Turk; both started as internal systems and then became bestselling systems. Similarly an Amazon training program for its employees becomes Amazon University. the question here really is: why Amazon? Anyone could do this, no? Why not say Facebook?
amazon  platformization  higher_ed  public_discourse  moocs 
13 days ago
Why it’s so hard to succeed in Silicon Valley when you grew up poor - Vox
he uses the word "mindset" inequality. I wondered if there was going to be a reference to Carol Dweck but no...
siliconvalley  public_discourse  inequality 
13 days ago
How Larry Page’s Obsessions Became Google’s Business - The New York Times
It is perfectly possible in Silicon Valley to be for-profit and hope to make the world better. Sometimes it is called social entrepreneurship; other times, something else.

"Lately, he has talked more about his belief that for-profit companies can be a force for social good and change. During a 2014 interview with Charlie Rose, Mr. Page said that instead of a nonprofit or philanthropic organization, he would rather leave his money to an entrepreneur like Mr. Musk."
siliconvalley  google  public_discourse  platformization 
16 days ago
It’s time to start taking Bernie Sanders seriously
Yglesias says Bernie's plans aren't sufficiently detailed. But perhaps that's good because he is creating a constituency for it .. .
22 days ago
Socialize Uber
Mike Konzcal says that it is the drivers who own the means of production in Uber - so why aren't they taking over it and wanting more profits? I think one reason is that they like what they're getting but the other thing is that even if they band together as a cooperative service, they still need to get customers. It's a chicken and egg problem; you join Uber because it has a customer base - that's what platforms offer. It's what a Medium essay by Chinmay Kulkarni said: building software is abotu creating high-adoption; and the makers of Uber have solved the high-adoption problem.
uber  sharing_economy  public_discourse 
25 days ago
George Hotz Is Taking on Tesla by Himself
Glorifying a hacker who's going to build self-driving cars before Uber or Google. If this is really possible, then this is a different story about AI. Because the whole point about the new AI is that it works because it scales and it can do brute-force things - but if one man is able to make a car, then something is truly different. which I don't think he will and the article is just libertarian do-it-yourself-by-seat-of-your-pants propaganda.
automation  artificial_intelligence  machinelearning  cars 
25 days ago
Piketty, in three parts
Henry Farrell on Piketty. He says that if you take Piketty's theoritical claim seriously - he is saying something more serious about capitalism than others; he is saying that even if you institute perfect competition, inequality is always going to rise. He also says that Piketty is using to global tax on capital as a knowledge-generating device to understand how much capital there is.
capital  generalinterest  politics  economics 
25 days ago
A Few Keystrokes Could Solve the Crime. Would You Press Enter? | Just Security
Zittrain on what kinds of searches - e.g. searches for a file in Google's database that we know belonged to a terrorist - are permissible by the constitution
law  surveillance  platformization 
25 days ago
Where Are Amazon's Data Centers? - The Atlantic
About AWS and its data centers. Quite interesting and with good links.
amazon  infrastructure  internet 
25 days ago
This Land Is Our Land : Democracy Journal
Eminent domain arguments.

"o see the bigger picture, though, just ask what it would mean to take seriously the idea that the Constitution justifies special concern for the economically vulnerable—to extend that concern to other disadvantaged groups besides Somin’s local property holders. It might indeed mean a revival—not of Lochner-era protections of economic liberties, but of the impulse in the 1950s and 1960s to apply careful constitutional scrutiny to laws that systematically disadvantage the poor, for example school-funding schemes that depend on local property taxes. It might mean revisiting a line of Supreme Court cases, cut off abruptly in the early 1970s, that suggested some constitutional protection for welfare recipients’ eligibility for benefits, partly on the basis of the importance of the human need for food and shelter. It might mean invalidating voter-identification laws that weigh heavily on the poor, and even upholding campaign-finance restrictions (such as the ones invalidated in Citizens United, the 1976 watershed Buckley v. Valeo, and a raft of other decisions protecting money in politics) that try to prevent the wealthy from turning unequal economic power into unequal political power. It would, at the very least, be solicitous of organized labor as an essential counterweight to the power of capital, as mid-century justices sometimes were.
But Somin and the other libertarian lawyers who litigated Kelo on behalf of the homeowners will not sign up for any of this. Their concern for the little guy is either disingenuous or naive; it isn’t clear which is worse. If you want to make the case against economic regulation, you can nearly always find a sympathetic poster person: the non-union worker who just wants to support his family, the immigrant who wants to run a taxi without a license, the farmer whose property value is reduced by an environmental law. Such individuals really are sympathetic. But stripping away the laws that they find burdensome would end up making everyone more vulnerable and unequal. Conservatives have long pointed out to liberals that making economic policy on the basis of sympathetic stories can be an intellectual mistake. The same is true for the other side, and at least as powerful, since liberals tend to use such cases to argue for general social protections, and conservatives to argue for stripping such protections."
generalinterest  politics 
4 weeks ago
'Human Computation' Could Save the World Without the Risks of AI | Motherboard
Forget artificial intelligence: The key to solving the world’s most complex problems could be human-machine collaboration.

That’s the rallying cry of researchers who penned an editorial in the journal Science championing “human computation”—systems that combine the talents of computers and humans. The authors claim these systems could ultimately tackle issues such as climate change and geopolitical conflict, all without the existential risks posed by true AI and the technological singularity.
artificial_intelligence  crowdsourcing  public_discourse 
4 weeks ago
The A.I. anxiety - The Washington Post
People will tell you that even Stephen Hawking is worried about it. And Bill Gates. And that Elon Musk gave $10 million for research on how to keep machine intelligence under control. All that is true.

How this came about is as much a story about media relations as it is about technological change. The machines are not on the verge of taking over. This is a topic rife with speculation and perhaps a whiff of hysteria.
artificial_intelligence  public_discourse  machinelearning 
4 weeks ago
Machines that learn like people | MIT News
The researchers’ invariance hypothesis is “a powerful approach to bridge the large gap between contemporary machine learning, with its emphasis on millions of labeled examples, and the primate visual system that in many instances can learn from a single example,” says Christof Koch, a professor of biology and engineering at Caltech and chief scientific officer of the Allen Institute for Brain Science. “This sort of elegant mathematical framework will be necessary if we are to understand existing natural intelligent systems, on the road to building powerful artificial systems.”
artificial_intelligence  machinelearning  public_discourse  data_science 
4 weeks ago
A top venture capitalist thinks startups are causing inequality. He’s wrong. - Vox
Ezra Klein's repsonse to Paul Graham's essay on inequality. I should look at it along with another vox article that is about political attitudes in Silicon Valley - maybe there's a blogpost htere.
toblog  siliconvalley  public_discourse 
4 weeks ago
Announcing Dogwood RC2 - Google Groups
Problems with the new Dogwood prerelease
openedx  edx  forums 
5 weeks ago
ccx(poc) - Google Groups
A question about the new custom courses module: ccx. Peter links to the documentation which I should look at for ccx
openedx  edx  forums 
5 weeks ago
Timed Exams - Google Groups
In a question about the timed exams feature, DB reveals how edX thinks about their software - in terms of three potential clients: those who use edx.org, those who use the master branch, and those who use the latest named release.

"The documentation for Cypress does not include the timed exams feature. If you review the documentation overview page at docs.edx.org, you will see that it is organized into multiple sections. The first section is for edX Partners, and it documents the features available on edx.org and edX Edge. The second section is for Cypress, and it documents the features available in the Cypress release. The third section is for the latest version of Open edX, which is to say the “master” branch."
edx  openedx  forums 
5 weeks ago
In the Cut, Part I: Shots in the Dark (Knight) on Vimeo
Video essay analyzing the noncoherent action sequence in The Dark Knight by Jim Emerson.
5 weeks ago
The data that is served at Wimbledon - Al Jazeera English
Interesting article on how data is manually collected at Wimbledon and a booklet is handed of to players after their match.
tennis  hawkeye 
5 weeks ago
Net neutrality is all good and fine; the real problem is elsewhere | Dept. of Computer Science, Columbia University
Great essay describing Vishal Misra's work. He says that net neutrality regulations will be good, but what will be better will be more competition among ISPs, even by creating municipal networks... gives example of UK where consumers get great service without any regulation
5 weeks ago
Why Knowledge Representation Matters | January 2016 | Communications of the ACM
Author argues KR is more important and argues that it was his interest in KR that led to him making a successful app. I need to analyze this and ask what this means that this thing is published in CACM...
toblog  artificial_intelligence  machinelearning  public_discourse 
6 weeks ago
the feature of poc - Google Groups
Private online courses is now called ccx, custom course on edx
edx  openedx  forums 
6 weeks ago
Can’t Put Down Your Device? That’s by Design - The New York Times
Social psychology at work in platforms!


There’s Facebook beckoning with its bottomless news feed. There’s Netflix autoplaying the next episode in a TV series 10 seconds after the previous one ends. There’s Tinder encouraging us to keep swiping in search of the next potential paramour.
socialpsychology  platformization 
6 weeks ago
Ethical Resolve » Getting the formula right: Social trust, A/B testing and research ethics
There simply is no analogous bright line between practice and research in data science, and therefore the grounds for straightforwardly exporting research regulations from biomedicine to data science are highly suspect. Myer instead advocates for developing a model of “responsible innovation” that would obligate researchers to transparently share and make use of knowledge generated through field testing.
platformization  data_science  ABTesting  public_discourse 
7 weeks ago
What Facebook Knows | MIT Technology Review
All this has given Facebook a unique level of expertise, says Jeff Hammerbacher, Marlow’s predecessor at Facebook, who initiated the company’s effort to develop its own data storage and analysis technology. (He left Facebook in 2008 to found Cloudera, which develops Hadoop-based systems to manage large collections of data.) Most large businesses have paid established software companies such as Oracle a lot of money for data analysis and storage. But now, big companies are trying to understand how Facebook handles its enormous information trove on open-source systems, says Hammerbacher. “I recently spent the day at Fidelity helping them understand how the ‘data scientist’ role at Facebook was conceived … and I’ve had the same discussion at countless other firms,” he says.
bigdata  data_science  public_discourse  facebook 
7 weeks ago
Darth Jar Jar and the Wisdom of Fans - The New York Times
ross douthat says that creators should take advantage of fan fiction - but really, should they also remunerate them?

"This wouldn’t work for a show like the first season of “True Detective,” where shooting was wrapped up by the time the TV audience starting obsessing over the script’s myriad red herrings, and the case for the Empire and Darth Jar Jar both came too late to help George Lucas improve “Attack of the Clones.” But “Lost” could have been saved outright if, in between seasons 2 and 3, Carleton Cuse and Damon Lindelof had just trawled the web for the best theories about what their Island really was and put some of them to use. And as we wait and wait and wait for George R.R. Martin to wrap up his Song of Ice and Fire, I rather like the idea of Martin lurking on A Forum of Ice and Fire, notebook in hand, seizing the most compelling attempts to make sense of his storytelling and turning them to his own purposes. He’s already employed his obsessive fans as collaborators in his world-building project, after all; stealing their best ideas seems like a perfectly reasonable next step.

And I mean this quite sincerely. If you’re a storyteller involved in some sort of world-building project, and you have the good fortune to attract an obsessive internet following, you might have an artistic duty to exploit that following’s hive mind — especially if the alternative is a Lindelofian belly flop, but even if it’s just the sort of mediocre windup that a lot of great stories feature. The online fanbeast has many vices: It’s complicit in trends as various and deplorable as the superhero glut and the slow extinction of high culture. But that’s all the more reason to recognize its virtues, which include its resemblance to a giant writer’s room, capable of churning out better ideas — far better, in some cases — than the actual writers who feed its appetite. They should take advantage."
movies  culture  research  copyright 
7 weeks ago
On MOOCs and Mizzou | Higher Ed Beta | Inside Higher Ed
But again, there is nothing wrong with that. We already knew that there are deep limits to the power of online learning; we already knew that a truly transformative education requires a blending of what both educational models have to offer. So what these student protests have done is just remind us that the purpose of the university is about much more than the delivery of information and that we need both the kindling of information and the spark of transformation. Because we must always allow for and indeed encourage an educational system where those moments of learning are not just sparks that create a flame, but also an explosion.
moocs  public_discourse 
8 weeks ago
chhotahazri: Death by Dialogue
Nice piece by Trisha gupta on the eternal question of the place of English in India
generalinterest  india  language 
8 weeks ago
The Bombay of a film writer - Livemint
Wonderful essay by Varun Grover on the many different snobberies/hierarchies in Bombay; you can tell this guy is the writer of Masaan
india  generalinterest 
8 weeks ago
Un-doing Design Anthropology: Uber-versities and not belonging
Says digital educaitonal technologies make her feel surveilled. Compares it to experience of Uber drivers becuase the university president used Uber to ask how tertiary education might be changed.
moocs  public_discourse 
9 weeks ago
At edX, we do software so that you can do education | Opensource.com
As with building any software product, it's a matter of understanding the users, finding what needs they have in common, and building features to support those needs. edX has the advantage of having dozens of top-tier institutions as consortium members. We have close relationships with their instructional teams, so we have lots of good information and feedback about where they want the platform to go.

The open source community provides more data, especially about their needs that differ, for example because they are hosting their own instances, rather than running courses on edx.org. For the most part, edX engineers are not educational experts, they're straight-up software engineers. But that makes for a good balance: we can build the software infrastructure, guided by input from the educators, then the educators can build on and extend the platform with specialized components. Similarly, the academic developers may not have faced the software challenges we're used to on a site the size of edx.org.

We have almost 3 million users, which isn't Facebook-sized, but it's much larger than an on-campus project. So we try to bring the two domains together: we provide software expertise, and the universities bring educational expertise. It can be difficult, but we're learning how to speak each others' languages, and trying to design processes that will accommodate the unusual mix. The results are worth it.
edx  openedx  moocs  public_discourse  platformization 
9 weeks ago
How the Gates Foundation Reflects the Good and the Bad of “Hacker Philanthropy”
A new book on the Gates foundation. Massing doesn't really find it that interesting but may be worth a read.

"Interestingly, there are two members of the hacker elite who for 15 years now have practiced this style of philanthropy in a big way: Bill and Melinda Gates. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is by far the largest such institution in the world. Its assets of $41 billion are more than double the combined assets of the “Big Three” foundations — Ford ($12 billion), Rockefeller ($4 billion), and Carnegie ($3 billion). The Gates Foundation has all the traits Parker extols, and its work has served as a sort of grand experiment in the new “venture philanthropy,” as it’s sometimes called.

Gates is the largest philanthropic supporter of primary and secondary education in the United States. Together with the Walton Family Foundation and the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, it has helped reshape national education policy. Gates has been no less influential in international public health. Over the last 15 years, it has spent billions of dollars to fight polio, malaria, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and other diseases. Though the World Health Organization spends more than Gates does on health, the foundation, by virtue of its high profile and skillful marketing, has played a key part in setting the global health agenda. On top of it all, the foundation in recent years has invested heavily in agricultural development in Africa, joining with the Rockefeller Foundation to build on the “Green Revolution” that Rockefeller helped launch after World War II. Not since that earlier initiative has a foundation left such a large imprint on the world as the Gates Foundation.

Despite its impact, few book-length assessments of the foundation’s work have appeared. Now Linsey McGoey, a sociologist at the University of Essex, is seeking to fill the gap. “Just how efficient is Gates’s philanthropic spending?” she asks in No Such Thing as a Free Gift. “Are the billions he has spent on U.S. primary and secondary schools improving education outcomes? Are global health grants directed at the largest health killers? Is the Gates Foundation improving access to affordable medicines, or are patent rights taking priority over human rights?”"
moocs  philanthropy 
9 weeks ago
This is the biggest shift going on in artificial intelligence - Tech Insider
Article makes same argument as I did in CASTAC that AI means something different today than it did 50 years ago...
artificial_intelligence  public_discourse 
9 weeks ago
MITx MOOC helps a farmer develop an autonomous tractor app | MIT News
Initially, Reimer didn’t know where to start. He stumbled across an open hardware platform and source code, tinkering with a drone autopilot program, but his progress soon stalled out. He simply needed more knowledge to make the system work. That’s when his brother, Jonathan, who graduated from MIT in 2012, told him about MITx on edX.
Reimer enrolled in 6.001x (Introduction to Computer Science and Programming), taught by Professor John Guttag, to gain a better understanding of the software needed to run the device as well as how to integrate the hardware on the farm’s tractor with the grain combine harvester.
moocs  public_discourse  mitx 
9 weeks ago
Challenging the Oligarchy by Paul Krugman | The New York Review of Books
To understand the difference between The Work of Nations and Saving Capitalism, you need to know about two things. One, which is familiar to most of us, is the increasingly ugly turn taken by American politics, which I’ll be discussing later. The other is more of an insider debate, but one with huge implications for policy and politics alike: the rise and fall of the theory of skill-biased technological change, which was once so widely accepted among economists that it was frequently referred to simply as SBTC.

The starting point for SBTC was the observation that, around 1980, wages of college graduates began rising much more rapidly than wages of Americans with only a high school degree or less. Why?

One possibility was the growth of international trade, with rising imports of labor-intensive manufactured goods from low-wage countries. Such imports could, in principle, cause not just rising inequality but an actual decline in the wages of less-educated workers; the standard theory of international trade that supports such a principle is actually a lot less benign in its implications than many noneconomists imagine. But the numbers didn’t seem to work. Around 1990, trade with developing countries was still too small to explain the big movements in relative wages of college and high school graduates that had already happened. Furthermore, trade should have produced a shift in employment toward more skill-intensive industries; it couldn’t explain what we actually saw, which was a rise in the level of skills within industries, extending across pretty much the entire economy.

Many economists therefore turned to a different explanation: it was all about technology, and in particular the information technology revolution. Modern technology, or so it was claimed, reduced the need for routine manual labor while increasing the demand for conceptual work. And while the average education level was rising, it wasn’t rising fast enough to keep up with this technological shift. Hence the rise of the earnings of the college-educated and the relative, and perhaps absolute, decline in earnings for those without the right skills.

This view was never grounded in direct evidence that technology was the driving force behind wage changes; the technology factor was only inferred from its assumed effects. But it was expressed in a number of technical papers brandishing equations and data, and was codified in particular in a widely cited 1992 paper by Lawrence F. Katz of Harvard and Kevin M. Murphy of the University of Chicago.1 Reich’s The Work of Nations was, in part, a popularization of SBTC, using vivid language to connect abstract economic formalism to commonplace observation. In Reich’s vision, technology was eliminating routine work, and even replacing some jobs that historically required face-to-face interaction. But it was opening new opportunities for “symbolic analysts”—people with the talent and, crucially, the training to work with ideas. Reich’s solution to growing inequality was to equip more people with that necessary training, both through an expansion of conventional education and through retraining later in life.

It was an attractive, optimistic vision; you can see why it received such a favorable reception. But while one still encounters people invoking skill-biased technological change as an explanation of rising inequality and lagging wages—it’s especially popular among moderate Republicans in denial about what’s happened to their party and among “third way” types lamenting the rise of Democratic populism—the truth is that SBTC has fared very badly over the past quarter-century, to the point where it no longer deserves to be taken seriously as an account of what ails us.

The story fell apart in stages.2 First, over the course of the 1990s the skill gap stopped growing at the bottom of the scale: real wages of workers near the middle stopped outpacing those near the bottom, and even began to fall a bit behind. Some economists responded by revising the theory, claiming that technology was hollowing out the middle rather than displacing the bottom. But this had the feel of an epicycle added to a troubled theory—and after about 2000 the real wages of college graduates stopped rising as well. Meanwhile, incomes at the very top—the one percent, and even more so a very tiny group within the one percent—continued to soar. And this divergence evidently had little to do with education, since hedge fund managers and high school teachers have similar levels of formal training.

Something else began happening after 2000: labor in general began losing ground relative to capital. After decades of stability, the share of national income going to employee compensation began dropping fairly fast. One could try to explain this, too, with technology—maybe robots were displacing all workers, not just the less educated. But this story ran into multiple problems. For one thing, if we were experiencing a robot-driven technological revolution, why did productivity growth seem to be slowing, not accelerating? For another, if it was getting easier to replace workers with machines, we should have seen a rise in business investment as corporations raced to take advantage of the new opportunities; we didn’t, and in fact corporations have increasingly been parking their profits in banks or using them to buy back stocks.

In short, a technological account of rising inequality is looking ever less plausible, and the notion that increasing workers’ skills can reverse the trend is looking less plausible still. But in that case, what is going on?
inequality  politics  generalinterest 
10 weeks ago
Creators of the World Unite - The Los Angeles Review of Books
Review of the latest Cory Doctorow book by Mackenzie Wark. nice way of partitioning between investors and intermediatories. Although the kinds of intermediatories can range from ISPs to curators like Google.
platformization  copyright 
10 weeks ago
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