rachaelsullivan + media_history   50

Internet Guru: Google Evangelist Vint Cerf
Many people, including you, are credited with inventing the Internet. What’s the truth? “There were three critical phases.
cerf  internet  media_history  bernerslee 
february 2017 by rachaelsullivan
Bundled, Buried & Behind Closed Doors on Vimeo
Lower Manhattan’s 60 Hudson Street is one of the world’s most concentrated hubs of Internet connectivity. This short documentary peeks inside, offering a glimpse of the massive material infrastructure that makes the Internet possible.
Written and edited by Ben Mendelsohn
internet  media_history  materiality  video  server 
september 2016 by rachaelsullivan
Mother Earth Mother Board | WIRED NEAL STEPHENSON: 12.01.96
Both Penang and the Internet were established basically for strategic military reasons. In both cases, what was built by the military was merely a kernel for a much vaster phenomenon that came along later. This kernel was really nothing more than a protocol, a set of rules. If you wanted to follow those rules, you could participate, otherwise you were free to go elsewhere. Because the protocol laid down a standard way for people to interact, which was clearly set out and could be understood by anyone, it attracted smart, adaptable, ambitious people from all over the place, and at a certain point it flew completely out of control and turned into something that no one had ever envisioned: something thriving, colorful, wildly diverse, essentially peaceful, and plagued only by the congestion of its own success.
internet  media_history  materiality  telegraph 
september 2016 by rachaelsullivan
The Brownie Camera
Have you looked at a web page lately? Flipped through a magazine? Watched a movie? If you have, thank the Brownie – Kodak’s first handheld camera. Take an inside look at the little black box that changed the way people communicate.
photography  media_history  media_archaeology 
september 2016 by rachaelsullivan
Why do we have an IMG element? [dive into mark]
Anyone who tells you that HTML should be kept “pure” (presumably by ignoring browser makers, or ignoring authors, or both) is simply misinformed. HTML has never been pure, and all attempts to purify it have been spectacular failures, matched only by the attempts to replace it.
bernerslee  andreessen  browsers  internet  html  media_history 
may 2016 by rachaelsullivan
Encyclopaedia Britannica’s Transformation
Well, yeah. Actually, the biggest disruption that I think– if I look at the darkest time of Britannica ever was that time when we walked in and the CD-ROM was really disrupting the print set.
wikipedia  knowledge  media_history 
october 2015 by rachaelsullivan
The Web We Have to Save — Matter — Medium
The hyperlink represented the open, interconnected spirit of the world wide web — a vision that started with its inventor, Tim Berners-Lee. The hyperlink was a way to abandon centralization — all the links, lines and hierarchies — and replace them with something more distributed, a system of nodes and networks. Blogs gave form to that spirit of decentralization: They were windows into lives you’d rarely know much about; bridges that connected different lives to each other and thereby changed them. Blogs were cafes where people exchanged diverse ideas on any and every topic you could possibly be interested in. They were Tehran’s taxicabs writ large.
internet  internet-culture  media_history  bernerslee  blogging  iran  web2.0  com200  hyperlink 
july 2015 by rachaelsullivan
Olia Lialina. A Vernacular web. Indigenous and Barbarians.
So what was this culture? What do we mean by the web of the mid 90's and when did it end? To be blunt it was bright, rich, personal, slow and under construction. It was a web of sudden connections and personal links. When the web belonged to amateurs it belonged to the people. You knew that behind this page and email address was a person you could contact with a question, admiration or an insult. And people did. In time the feedback elements on private sites became more modest but they haven't disappeared. They're still present. What has been lost is the custom of sending feedback. There are many reasons for this but primarily it relates to the above mentioned professionalization and automation of being online and the transition to more sophisticated forms of interaction and communication: filling in, ordering, updating, repeating passwords, contacting support, tracking, informing info@ then proceeding to the check out.
browsers  internet  gif  webdesign  design  media_history  webmaking  making 
march 2015 by rachaelsullivan
What were the most disruptive information technologies? | Global Entrepreneurship Institute
Tim Berners-Lee’s invention of the Web browser has forever changed the shape of modern life, altering the way people do business, entertain, and inform themselves. His invention is often compared to Gutenberg’s printing press, Bell’s telephone, and Marconi’s radio. Time magazine hailed him as one of the 100 greatest minds of the twentieth century, saying, “He took a powerful communications system that only the elite could use and turned it into a mass medium.”
internet  bernerslee  media_history  gui  browsers 
march 2015 by rachaelsullivan
A History of AOL, as Told in Its Own Old Press Releases
America Online for Windows incorporates the powerful features of popular Windows applications including pull down menus, 3-D icons, tiling and cascading, multitasking, resizing, minimizing and more — making America Online familiar and easy to use.
aol  internet  media_history  gui  1990s 
march 2015 by rachaelsullivan
BBC News - Brownie: The most important cardboard box ever?
A century ago, the Brownie singlehandedly gave rise to the idea of the snapshot - a picture created on the hoof, without the need of a tripod. Photography became an everyday activity. Normal life could be pictured, instead of the carefully posed dioramas that required subjects to stay unnaturally still.
photography  media_history 
january 2015 by rachaelsullivan
Internet birthday: March 12, 1989 | Toronto Star
On March 12, 1989, computer programmer Sir Tim Berners-Lee, wrote a paper proposing an “information management” system. Originally a plan to organize scientific date, his paper evolved into a framework for the world wide web.
internet  media_history  bernerslee  from delicious
september 2014 by rachaelsullivan
The PDF’s Place in a History of Paper Knowledge: An Interview with Lisa Gitelman | The Signal: Digital Preservation
In terms of authority, documents tend to possess power partly by dint of the institutions for which or within which they circulate, if you think about the many institutions relevant to the credit economy, civil procedure, voluntary association, medical practice, municipal governance, institutionalized education, corporate communication, etc. I wanted to think about documents in this book partly as an antidote to the contemporary fixation with “the book” as touchstone within our ongoing experience of digital mediation, but also as an antidote to “the literary” as cynosure within academic departments of English. There is a lot we need to know about vernacular texts–their pasts and their potential futures–that has nothing at all to do with books or with literature.
pdf-lit  paper  gitelman  media_history  from delicious
june 2014 by rachaelsullivan
Reading as information control (Tan Lin interview, 2014)
"literature is an operation. its general aim is to function like the mass media. " "In a world that we increasingly configure or visualize not with but as data, is there much difference between a couplet and a bullet point? ... the edges of a new literary field look a lot like info management systems"
literature  lit2.0  media_history  textuality  conceptual  experimental  poetry  difficult-lit  from delicious
april 2014 by rachaelsullivan
Key differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 | Cormode | First Monday (2008)
“Web 2.0” is a term that is used to denote several different concepts: Web sites based on a particular set of technologies such as AJAX; Web sites which incorporate a strong social component, involving user profiles, friend links; Web sites which encourage user–generated content in the form of text, video, and photo postings along with comments, tags, and ratings; or just Web sites that have gained popularity in recent years and are subject to fevered speculations about valuations and IPO prospects. Nevertheless, these various categories have significant intersections, and so it is meaningful to talk broadly about the class of Web 2.0 sites without excessive ambiguity about which definition is being used (from now on, we use Web2 and Web1 respectively for brevity).
web2.0  internet  media_history  participation  1990s  from delicious
april 2014 by rachaelsullivan
A Brief History of Databases by Stephen Fortune
Among other initiatives, Thomas J. Watson, Sr. insisted on well-groomed, dark-suited salesmen when leading IBM from 1914 onwards.
digitalculture  database  data  materiality  cloud  storage  overload  IBM  hollerith  media_history  from delicious
march 2014 by rachaelsullivan
Oxford English Dictionary: A 1925 silent film about the making of a book is unearthed by the Oxford University Press archive.
The movie employs title cards, clever camerawork, and even animation to bring the viewer into the process—from casting type by hand to stitching together the binding to pressing on gold leaf.
media_history  labor  technology  textualstudies  gender  workplace  papermachine  printculture  print  from delicious
november 2013 by rachaelsullivan
DigiBarn Ads: Original Apple Macintosh 18 Page Brochure (Dec 1983)
designed on the simple premise that a computer is a lot more useful if it's easy to use. ... If macintosh seems extraordinarily simple, it's probably because conventional computers are extraordinarily complicated.
media_history  userfriendliness  apple  pc  advertising  interaction  from delicious
october 2013 by rachaelsullivan
What's New About New Media?
new media, when they first emerge, pass through a phase of identity crisis. [...] The best media, it would seem, are the ones that mediate least. They are not, as we think of them, media at all. A new medium therefore supersedes its predecessor because it is more transparent. Few would disagree, for example, that a conversation with a friend on the telephone allows for a greater exchange of personal, idiosyncratic information than a dialogue conducted via telegraph. And to a large degree, this thinking is persuasive. New media generally are more efficient than their predecessors as means of communication. Yet there is more to understanding what happens when people communicate through a given medium than merely ascertaining what level of accuracy and amount of data the exchange involves. This observation—that there is more than accuracy and amount to any exchange—comprises a founding rationale for the field of media studies.
media_history  oldmedia  newmedia  mcluhan  remediation  gitelman  from delicious
september 2013 by rachaelsullivan
How the Internet Gets Inside Us : The New Yorker
our minds were altered less by books than by index slips. Activities that seem quite twenty-first century, she shows, began when people cut and pasted from one manuscript to another; made aggregated news in compendiums; passed around précis. “Early modern finding devices” were forced into existence: lists of authorities, lists of headings.
information  paper  papermachine  overload  media_history  from delicious
september 2013 by rachaelsullivan
Visible Storage : Overview
These samples from the Computer History Museum's large collection span the history of computing from pre-computing to supercomputing. They reflect the astonishing development in technology from gears to vacuum tubes to exotic semiconductors. The artifacts shown here do not represent a comprehensive presentation of computing history, but a small subset of the Museum's warehoused collection.
media_history  oldmedia  computers  computing_history  from delicious
august 2013 by rachaelsullivan
The Decline of the Online Message Board - NYTimes.com
Sure, funny and stirring things happen on Facebook and Twitter, but their protocols, which stress accountability and striving over anonymity and play, tend to make social exchanges routine. The likelihood of an “i am so lonely” tone poem is reduced. I feel sure I wouldn’t post “((hugs))” to Twitter, either. “((Hugs))” belong in softer lighting; they don’t quite belong in the undignified glare of the fluorescent social networks.
facebook  community  discourse  media_history  internet-culture  digitalculture  to_read 
october 2012 by rachaelsullivan
The History of Distraction, 4000 BCE to the Present
I like historian Robert Darnton’s idea that there have been four great Information Ages in human history, times when the ways people communicated with one another changed so irrevocably there was no going back.  In each of these eras,  people worried about distraction.
attention  media_history  carr 
november 2011 by rachaelsullivan
The Mother of All Invention - Magazine - The Atlantic
The photocopier prompted creation, not just the recombination of others’ ideas. An alternative to the mess of the mimeograph and the expense of the offset master, the Xerox 914 opened a renaissance in self-publishing.
xerox  benjamin  technology  history  media_archaeology  media_history  publishing 
february 2011 by rachaelsullivan
Interview with Clay Shirky, Part I : CJR:
Could you do an overview of how literary reading gave way to television, and, then, to the Web?
shirky  carr  digitalculture  reading  internet  facebook  media_history 
december 2008 by rachaelsullivan

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