rachaelsullivan + history   89

A history of the American anti-feminism behind Clinton’s defeat | History News Network
his victory over a female candidate in a battle fought and won with apparent contempt for women’s rights makes a curious kind of sense if we read it as just the latest manifestation of a misogynist and anti-feminist line in American cultural life, stretching back to the 1940s and beyond. ... For Wylie, women in political life are “crooked” by definition, and part of a national slide into “moral degeneration, civic corruption, smuggling, bribery, theft, murder, homosexuality, drunkenness, financial depression, chaos and war”.
history  feminism  women  misogyny  politics  election 
december 2017 by rachaelsullivan
On Wikipedia, Cultural Patrimony, and Historiography | booktwo.org
Which struck me pretty hard, that bit about atemporality, and the flatness of digital memory, but particularly our lack of awareness of this situation. History not as a set of facts, but as a process, and one in which, whether we agree or not with the writers, our own opinions and biases are always to be challenged. As is my wont, I made a book to illustrate this. Physical objects are useful props in debates like this: immediately illustrative, and useful to hang an argument and peoples’ attention on.
digital-material  materiality  paper  documentation  history  wikipedia  memory 
october 2014 by rachaelsullivan
The Case for Reparations - The Atlantic
Yet America was built on the preferential treatment of white people—395 years of it. Vaguely endorsing a cuddly, feel-good diversity does very little to redress this.
racism  history  slavery  essays  whiteness  blackness  from delicious
may 2014 by rachaelsullivan
Information Overload : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive
A look at different ways to manage the glut of information showing up on computers and other storage devices. Demonstrations include DayTimer Organizer 2.0, Em@iler, Personal Journal, and DataTimes Summarizer. Originally broadcast in 1996.
history  overload  cyberspace  1990s 
march 2013 by rachaelsullivan
Internet Archive’s Repository Collects Thousands of Books - NYTimes.com
“We must keep the past even as we’re inventing a new future,” he said. “If the Library of Alexandria had made a copy of every book and sent it to India or China, we’d have the other works of Aristotle, the other plays of Euripides. One copy in one institution is not good enough.”

Mr. Kahle had the idea for the physical archive while working on the Internet Archive, which has digitized two million books. With a deep dedication to traditional printing — one of his sons is named Caslon, after the 18th-century type designer — he abhorred the notion of throwing out a book once it had been scanned. The volume that yielded the digital copy was special.

And perhaps essential. What if, for example, digitization improves and we need to copy the books again?
materiality  history  obsolescence  oldmedia  archive  books 
april 2012 by rachaelsullivan
Opening History
Opening History (OH) provides organized access to digital resources of value for research on
United States history and culture. It aggregates a range of distributed and complementary cultural
heritage collections from libraries, museums, and archives to increase their visibility and to
enhance the value and usefulness of individual collections by integrating them with related
collections, providing search and browse functions across collections, and linking to related
resources outside of OH. The OH initiative encourages sharing of digital resources in open
access formats and promotes coordinated access to regional, state, and local collections to
support the creation of a digital cultural heritage aggregation of national scope.
history  archive  reference 
april 2012 by rachaelsullivan
The Lively Morgue - A Treasure House of Photographs
How many? We don’t know. Our best guess is five million to six million prints and contact sheets (each sheet, of course, representing many discrete images) and 300,000 sacks of negatives, ranging in format size from 35 millimeter to 5 by 7 inches — at least 10 million frames in all.
If we posted 10 new archival pictures every weekday on Tumblr, just from our print collection, we wouldn’t have the whole thing online until the year 3935.

During a visit to The Times in 1959, Marilyn Monroe inspected news clippings in the morgue, accompanied by Lester Markel, center, the Sunday editor. The New York Times
That’s a bit too ambitious. Instead, we’ll be dipping in and publishing several photographs each week, some of which will be available for purchase and some of which will be accompanied by a more extensive back story posted on the Lens blog. As we do so, we’ll gradually digitize at least the tip of the iceberg of this enormous trove, guaranteeing its continued utility and accessibility..
photography  history  archive 
march 2012 by rachaelsullivan
The Enola Gay Archive - key documents (1993-1995)
The Enola Gay and the Smithsonian Chronology of the Controversy Including Key Documents 1993-1995
museum  history  memory  archive 
february 2012 by rachaelsullivan
from Air Force Magazine: The Smithsonian and the Enola Gay - 3/15/94
"Legend, Memory, and the Great War in the Air," an exhibition currently running at the Air and Space Museum, emphasizes the horrors of World War I and takes a hostile view of airpower in that conflict. As with the Enola Gay program, it dwells graphically on death and destruction on the ground. The message is to debunk and discredit airpower.

The main section of the exhibition begins with a photo of a dead soldier in a trench. Only his skeleton remains. Nearby, another photo, labeled "The Verdun Ossuary," shows a pile of hundreds of skulls.[13] A plaque says that "At Verdun, the aircraft helped the French to avoid defeat and thwarted German hopes of winning a quick victory. Aviation, however, failed to prevent the slaughter that occurred on the ground." No other tie- in with the skulls is apparent.

Dr. Harwit disagrees that the exhibit is hostile to airmen. "I think what it does is show what military airpower is all about," he says.
museum  history  archive 
february 2012 by rachaelsullivan
"Whose Memory Lives When the Last Survivor Dies?"
How should such stories be told? Are these historical events about national pride and perseverance, or about martyrdom? Both the Auschwitz death camp and the Enola Gay are physical relics that demand explanation, for it is in the telling of their stories that people and nations come to understand themselves.

"By themselves, monuments are of little value, mere stones in the landscape," James E. Young, a professor of English and Judaic studies at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, wrote in "The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning." "But as part of a nation's rites or the object of a people's national pilgrimage, they are invested with national soul and memory."

In other words, a site like Auschwitz and an artifact like the Enola Gay are seen as having moral lessons to impart, and not just to this generation. But to know what the lessons are, there must be explanations. With the stakes so high, there is bound to be controversy.
history  holocaust  memory  archive 
february 2012 by rachaelsullivan
Contesting history on the Internet
Good Public History ought to be the synthesis of many voices and the history of many memories and different, even differing, experiences.

Let’s apply the above principle to Public History on the Internet.

Could the Internet be the medium for these different voices to present their different views of history?
Assuming yes, could we perhaps then think not in terms of single Web-sites but rather in terms of many Web-sites, many voices, perhaps linked one to the other - and to you - through the facility of the Internet to make such connections?
Provided access is available and that censorship is not being exercised, could the Internet then be a unique opportunity for something new, different and powerful in Public History? Could it become a true public forum where every voice, every memory, every viewpoint can find expression? Could it become the forum where a million conversations can take place?
archive  history 
february 2012 by rachaelsullivan
Inconvenient History | A Quarterly Journal for Free Historical Inquiry
Today the specter of the Holocaust is marched out to justify every modern military intervention. The media and the government depict our ‘enemies’ as modern day Hitlers intent on committing genocide and planning to use their secretive arsenals of weapons of mass destruction.

Cutting through the exaggerations, lies and propaganda of the Holocaust story has to be the starting point for any contemporary revisionist and any contemporary revisionist journal. The territory is plagued of course, with the minefield of charges of "Holocaust denial," "racism," "anti-Semitism," and "neo-Nazism." Despite the persecution and insults, revisionists understand that the myths of the Holocaust have smothered out a proper and accurate understanding of the Second World War.

We are not interested in conspiracy theories; we are interested in revealing real history and supporting the freedom of historians to explore even the most sacred of historical dogmas without fear of reprisal.
holocaust  archive  history 
february 2012 by rachaelsullivan
A New Deal for the Arts
Through the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the federal government built a series of huge hydroelectric dams to provide power to the countryside.
history  electricity  newdeal 
november 2011 by rachaelsullivan
A Conversation with Jill Lepore
‘Oh, my God. Race still exists in this country. There still is racism. Oh, my God. New Orleans is segregated!’
history 
september 2011 by rachaelsullivan
How Archivists Helped Video Game Designers Recreate the City's Dark Side for 'L.A. Noire' | History | SoCal Focus | KCET
Earlier this week, video game enthusiasts and fans of L.A. history cheered the release of Rockstar Games' L.A. Noire, a police procedural game noted for its faithful reproduction of Los Angeles circa 1947. To recreate a city now hidden beneath 64 years of redevelopment projects and transformed by age and expansion, production designers with the game's developer, Team Bondi, consulted several Los Angeles area archives.
At the Huntington Library, the researchers found a collection of maps that helped them reconstruct the layout of the city's streets in an era that preceded the Hollywood or Harbor freeways. When stitched together, the maps form a kind of template for the universe inhabited by the game player's character, a swath of the city stretching from Boyle Heights in the east to Hollywood in the west.
archive  LA  gaming  games  history 
june 2011 by rachaelsullivan
25 Abandoned Yugoslavia Monuments that look like they're from the Future | Crack Two
From 2006 to 2009, Kempenaers toured around the ex-Yugoslavia region (now Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, etc.) with the help of a 1975 map of memorials, bringing before our eyes a series of melancholy yet striking images. His photos raise a question: can these former monuments continue to exist as pure sculptures? On one hand, their physical dilapidated condition and institutional neglect reflect a more general social historical fracturing. And on the other hand, they are still of stunning beauty without any symbolic significances.
sculpture  history  representation 
april 2011 by rachaelsullivan
Transcript of Tim Berners-Lee's talk to the LCS 35th Anniversary celebrations, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1999
The basic ideas of the Web is that an information space through which people can communicate, but communicate in a special way: communicate by sharing their knowledge in a pool. The idea was not just that it should be a big browsing medium. The idea was that everybody would be putting their ideas in, as well as taking them out. This is not supposed to be a glorified television channel
internet  history 
april 2011 by rachaelsullivan
the historical conundrum of John Brown
Finally, we discussed the diverse (and not necessarily incompatible) ways that John Brown was treated in our various textbooks. As a main figure in Loewen’s Chapter 6 pageant of “racial idealists,” Brown is a very complex historical character. What word did (or should) your book use to describe him? Idealist? Misfit? Outlier? Visionary? Zealot? Fanatic? Radical? Christian Martyr? Terrorist? Murderer? Traitor? Prophet? How should a classroom teacher discuss the man? Is it enough to present multiple sides and let students judge for themselves, or is taking sides important when it comes to people who break the law in defense of what they claim are higher causes? How would a professional historian go about making Brown’s actions comprehensible and/or relevant in American history?
history  archive  memory 
april 2011 by rachaelsullivan
National Archives Announces New Ban on Photography
After close examination of the policy and consultation with National Archives preservation experts, the Archives determined that barring photography in the exhibition areas would help protect our nation’s heritage for future generations.
archive  photography  history 
april 2011 by rachaelsullivan
A history erased - Abkhazia's archive: fire of war, ashes of history
..The Mission obtained sufficient evidence to conclude that gross and systematic violations of human rights had occurred at the hands of Georgian troops in Abkhazia throughout the period since August 14, 1992; that these included serious violations committed against Abkhazian and other ethnic population groups in cities and villages; that Georgian attacks were directed against persons identifiable as Abkhazian, and that particular attack was directed against Abkhazian political, cultural, intellectual and community leaders; and that removal or destruction of the principal materials and buildings of important historical and cultural importance to Abkhazians has taken place in what appears to be an organized attempt to destroy Abkhazian culture and national identity. (UNPO: November 1992 Mission to Abkhazia Report)
history  archive  identity  abkhazia  unarchive 
april 2011 by rachaelsullivan
The Mother of All Invention - Magazine - The Atlantic
The photocopier prompted creation, not just the recombination of others’ ideas. An alternative to the mess of the mimeograph and the expense of the offset master, the Xerox 914 opened a renaissance in self-publishing.
xerox  benjamin  technology  history  media_archaeology  media_history  publishing 
february 2011 by rachaelsullivan
The Original 1939 Futurama
the 1939-1940 New York World's Fair, whose tagline was a promise to show visitors "the world of tomorrow"
futurism  history  20thc  1930s 
january 2011 by rachaelsullivan
Pentagon Papers News - The New York Times
On June 13, 1971, The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers, a documentary history tracing the ultimately doomed involvement of the United States in a grinding war in the jungles and rice paddies of Southeast Asia.

They demonstrated, among other things, that the Johnson Administration had systematically lied, not only to the public but also to Congress, about a subject of transcendent national interest and significance
democracy  history  nixon  information  wikileaks 
october 2010 by rachaelsullivan
Making Publics
At the heart of our work is what we call "making publics"-the creation of new forms of association that allowed people to connect with others in ways not founded in family, rank or vocation but rather founded in voluntary communities built on the shared interests, tastes, and desires of individuals. By creating new forms of public association, cultural producers and consumers of the Renaissance challenged aristocratic prejudices about just who could be a public person and greatly expanded the possibilities for public life for ordinary people in their own time and in ours.
history  publicsphere  mediastudies 
may 2010 by rachaelsullivan
The Gay History Wiki
This wiki collects the histories of gay men and their allies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA between 1960 and the present. It is intended to document the organizations, bars, culture and social networks created by these men.
lgbt  archive  wiki  history  memory 
april 2010 by rachaelsullivan
A daily diary of Depression-era life, told on Twitter
Looking at the terse journal, my sister quipped, "This is the Twitter of the 1930s." We glanced at each other and almost immediately began planning the Twitter account that would become Twitter.com/Genny_Spencer.
history  twitter  memory  recording 
april 2010 by rachaelsullivan
TwHistory
Twitter is being used for many things. Here at TwHistory we feel the service can be a novel way to tell the stories of our past. We pick historical figures, especially those that kept detailed journals or histories, and tweet the experiences they went through. By doing this, followers get a feel for what has happened many years ago. Consider it a type of Twitter historical reenactment–reliving history in real time.
twitter  history  education 
december 2009 by rachaelsullivan
Is This Literary History? - The Chronicle Review
Who would ever believe that the latest grand literary history of America would end with George W. Bush on a bogus photo-op trip to New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina and a series of silhouettes on the election of Barack Obama. It's a strange conclusion that strikes casual readers as a gratuitous assertion of contempt of W and the outrage of whitey, but it raises a broad question of focus. Apart from the ideological tenor, some readers may wonder why such entries belong in a literary history. That is a naïve question within the academic ranks, of course, for literary history is a dead activity. It's all cultural history now, and the old high/low distinctions are gone, too.
literature  history 
november 2009 by rachaelsullivan
Barbara Jordan - Statement on House Judiciary Proceedings to Impeach President Richard Nixon
Has the President committed offenses, and planned, and directed, and acquiesced in a course of conduct which the Constitution will not tolerate? That's the question. We know that. We know the question. We should now forthwith proceed to answer the question. It is reason, and not passion, which must guide our deliberations, guide our debate, and guide our decision.
rhetoric  jordan  speech  history  nixon 
november 2009 by rachaelsullivan
The Quest of Michel de Certeau - The New York Review of Books
This momentous shift fractured coherent belief systems, according to Certeau, and the fight about "truth" at Loudun expressed the anguish of uncertainty. Were these women really possessed by devils? Some physicians said their behavior could be explained simply by melancholy humors. Other observers thought the women were just lovesick or that their imagination had led them astray and their errors were confirmed by misguided confessors. Against such doubts, the presence and power of the devil were affirmed. Certeau describes the public exorcisms as a theater in which the priests could command the devils to speak before the people; the priests would thus demonstrate their ecclesiastical control over truth, even though that control was in fact slipping away from them.
biography  otherness  history  religion  decerteau 
july 2009 by rachaelsullivan
Don't Stop Till You Get Enough of Michael Jackson
What was it then, about the time in music between 1984 and 1985, that turned me off to the musical giants? From Live Aid, Born in the USA, to Madonna and Sean Penn’s wedding, and those letters on the "Frankie Goes to Hollywood" t-shirts… everything was just so BIG. As a person interested in understatement—who sees beauty in the subtle, discreet, the unpolished, undiscovered underdog, and the unheard—it was not a good time.
michaeljackson  1980s  music  history 
july 2009 by rachaelsullivan
The unwanted: European refugees in ... - Google Book Search
This is the first comprehensive treatment of a problem of staggering proportions. There have always been homeless people but only in the twentieth century have refugees become an important part of international politics, seriously affecting relations between states. Since the 1880's, the numbers of displaced persons has climbed astronomically, with people scattered over vaster distances and for longer periods of time than ever before. Marrus traces the emergence of this new variety of collective alienation.
history  immigration  marrus  refugees  homelessness 
april 2009 by rachaelsullivan
California Newsreel - RACE - THE POWER OF AN ILLUSION
The division of the world's peoples into distinct groups - "red," "black," "white" or "yellow" peoples - has became so deeply imbedded in our psyches, so widely accepted, many would promptly dismiss as crazy any suggestion of its falsity. Yet, that's exactly what this provocative, new three-hour series by California Newsreel claims. Race - The Power of an Illusion questions the very idea of race as biology, suggesting that a belief in race is no more sound than believing that the sun revolves around the earth.
history  movies  race 
april 2009 by rachaelsullivan
Writing Material
Books are going digital, and that slow transition (yes, it will be slow) has all sorts of cultural impacts. At the forefront of these shifts in perception is that “digital” books are “virtual” books. While the distinction might not seem important initially, when “virtual” is commonly juxtaposed with “material,” the implications for the future of books are potentially enormous. If digital books are non-material, will they lose their capacity to do the work they’ve always done?
archive  benjamin  books  history  kirschenbaum  printculture 
april 2009 by rachaelsullivan
Assigning Wikipedia in a US History Survey
It shows students the difference between fact-only writing and analytical writing, it provides an introduction to research methods, and it gives them more insight into the working of Wikipedia, so they understand why they should or shouldn’t use it for various situations.
digitalliteracy  education  history  teaching  technology  wikipedia 
april 2009 by rachaelsullivan
Old-School Keyboard Makes Comeback Of Sorts : NPR
"Whatever the noise, it was a mechanical reality, perfectly synchronized with the moment a letter was committed to paper. Those noises were evidence of writing as a physical act.”
computers  history  keyboard  technology 
april 2009 by rachaelsullivan
THE CD STORY
The disk diameter is a very basic parameter, because it relates to playing time. All parameters then have to be traded off to optimise playing time and reliability. The decision was made by the top brass of Philips. 'Compact Cassette was a great success', they said, 'we don't think CD should be much larger'.
compactdisc  history  recording  technology 
march 2009 by rachaelsullivan
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