petej + sharingeconomy   75

Disrupt the Citizen | Online Only | n+1
What Plouffe and the ride-sharing companies understand is that, under capitalism, when markets are pitted against the state, the figure of the consumer can be invoked against the figure of the citizen. Consumption has in fact come to replace our original ideas of citizenship. As the sociologist Wolfgang Streeck has argued in his exceptional 2012 essay, “Citizens as Customers,” the government encouragement of consumer choice in the 1960s and ’70s “radiated” into the public sphere, making government seem shabby in comparison with the endlessly attractive world of consumer society. Political goods began to get judged by the same standards as commodities, and were often found wanting.
The result is that, in Streeck’s prediction, the “middle classes, who command enough purchasing power to rely on commercial rather than political means to get what they want, will lose interest in the complexities of collective preference-setting and decision-making, and find the sacrifices of individual utility required by participation in traditional politics no longer worthwhile.” The affluent find themselves bored by goods formerly subject to collective provision, such as public transportation, ceasing to pay for them, while thereby supporting private options. Consumer choice then stands in for political choice. When Ohio governor John Kasich proposed last year that he would “Uber-ize” the state’s government, he was appealing to this sense that politics should more closely resemble the latest trends in consumption.
Uber  KalanickTravis  narcissism  sharingEconomy  gigEconomy  culture  sexism  harassment  SiliconValley  exploitation  debt  PlouffeDavid  capitalism  consumerism  politics  commodification  Moda  housing  automation  driverlessCars  publicTransport  regulation  dctagged  dc:creator=SavalNikil 
july 2017 by petej
Why revolution is no longer possible | openDemocracy
"Today, no collaborative, networked multitude exists that might rise up in a global mass of protest and revolution. Instead, the prevailing mode of production is based on lonesome and isolated self-entrepreneurs, who are also estranged from themselves. Companies used to compete with each other. Within each enterprise, however, solidarity could occur. Today, everyone is competing against everyone else — and within the same enterprise, too. Even though such competition heightens productivity by leaps and bounds, it destroys solidarity and communal spirit. No revolutionary mass can arise from exhausted, depressive, and isolated individuals.

Neoliberalism cannot be explained in Marxist terms. The famous “alienation” of labor does not even occur. Today, we dive eagerly into work — until we burn out. The first stage of burnout syndrome, after all, is euphoria. Burnout and revolution are mutually exclusive. Accordingly, it is mistaken to believe that the Multitude will cast off the parasitic Empire to inaugurate a communist society."
neoliberalism  Negri  multitude  individualism  entrepreneurialism  overwork  competition  capitalism  sharingEconomy  commodification  communism  revolution  gigEconomy  community  RifkinJeremy  exploitation  surveillance  disclosure  burnout  mentalHealth 
september 2016 by petej
Airbnb and Uber’s sharing economy is one route to dotcommunism | Comment is free | The Guardian
"The sharing model is in its infancy, and there are plenty of me-too businesses trying to make it work in other sectors (cars, bikes, high-end cameras, etc). And, beyond the issues of consent – as in Barcelona – it poses two challenges. First, however brilliant these new models are, they cannot produce exponential growth. It is technology in the service of squeezing out the final drops of value from something, rather than infinite expansion.

Second, who owns the upside? Once the platforms to rent out things, services or time are stable, textbook economics states that the cost of using them should fall. So, what if you applied the sharing principle without seeking a profit at all? What if these very platforms could be taken over by society and repurposed so that all the benefit went to the consumer or to society itself? The socialists of the early 20th century eyed monopolies like Vail’s with optimism: take them over and their highly organised and unitary status means you can use them to run the economy. Today, if you wanted to re-order the economy to deliver participation and choice alongside social justice, it’s the sharing models you would start from."
economics  sharing  economy  rents  rentiership  Airbnb  Uber  networks  networking  businessModels  communism  ownership  dctagged  dc:creator=MasonPaul  sharingEconomy  rentism 
june 2015 by petej
Silicon Valley likes to promise ‘digital socialism’ – but it is selling a fairy tale | Evgeny Morozov | Comment is free | The Guardian
The citizens, who are not yet fully aware of these dilemmas, might eventually realise that the actual choice we are facing today is not between the market and the state, but between politics and non-politics. It’s a choice between a system bereft of any institutional and political imagination – where some permutation of hackers, entrepreneurs and venture capitalists is the default answer to every social problem – and a system, where explicitly political solutions that might question who – citizens, firms, the state – ought to own what, and on what terms, are still part of the conversation. However one chooses to call the world that Silicon Valley is helping to usher in, “digital socialism” it clearly isn’t.
SiliconValley  humanitarianism  technoUtopianism  empowerment  technology  consumption  sharing  economy  monetisation  inequality  state  politics  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  sharingEconomy 
march 2015 by petej
Internal exile — authentic sharing
"Sharing companies do nothing to facilitate that sort of interaction; indeed they thrive by doing the opposite. (Authenticity marketing does the same thing; it precludes the possibility of authenticity by co-opting it.) They subsume more types of interaction and exchange to market structures. They are popular because they do what brand communities do: They allow people to extract value from strangers without the hassle of having to dealing with them directly. Sharing companies and brand communities mediate social relations and make them seem less risky. Actual community is full of friction and unresolvable competing agendas; sharing apps’ main function is to eradicate friction and render all parties’ agenda uniform: let’s make a deal.

When sharing companies celebrate the idea of community, they mean brand community. And if they appropriate rhetoric about breaking down the attachment to owning goods as a means of signifying identity and inclusion, it’s certainly not because they care about abolishing personal property, or pride in it. It’s because they are trying to sell their brand as an alternative to the bother of actually having to come up with a real alternative to product-based personal identity."
sharing  economy  consumers  ownership  renting  identity  community  authenticity  marketing  dctagged  dc:creator=HorningRob  sharingEconomy 
january 2015 by petej
The Sharing Economy Isn’t About Sharing at All - HBR
"When “sharing” is market-mediated — when a company is an intermediary between consumers who don’t know each other — it is no longer sharing at all. Rather, consumers are paying to access someone else’s goods or services for a particular period of time. It is an economic exchange, and consumers are after utilitarian, rather than social, value."
Airbnb  Zipcar  sharing  economy  business  consumers  prices  community  access  capitalism  sharingEconomy 
january 2015 by petej
Evgeny Morozov | Don't believe the hype, the 'sharing economy' masks a failing economy | Comment is free | The Observer
"Given vast youth unemployment, stagnating incomes, and skyrocketing property prices, today's sharing economy functions as something of a magic wand. Those who already own something can survive by monetising their discomfort: for example, they can earn cash by occasionally renting out their apartments and staying with relatives instead. Those who own nothing, on the other hand, also get to occasionally enjoy a glimpse of the good life – built entirely on goods they do not own."
economy  sharing  technology  technoUtopianism  marketisation  commodification  cloudComputing  youth  unemployment  stagnation  politics  crisis  choice  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  sharingEconomy 
october 2014 by petej
Against Sharing | Jacobin
"Uber is part of a new wave of corporations that make up what’s called the “sharing economy.” The premise is seductive in its simplicity: people have skills, and costumers want services. Silicon Valley plays matchmaker, churning out apps that pair workers with work. Now, anyone can rent out an apartment with AirBnB, become a cabbie through Uber, or clean houses using Homejoy.

But under the guise of innovation and progress, companies are stripping away worker protections, pushing down wages, and flouting government regulations. At its core, the sharing economy is a scheme to shift risk from companies to workers, discourage labor organizing, and ensure that capitalists can reap huge profits with low fixed costs.

There’s nothing innovative or new about this business model. Uber is just capitalism, in its most naked form."
capitalism  sharing  economy  Uber  work  labour  conditions  wages  SiliconValley  innovation  business  sharingEconomy 
september 2014 by petej
Change the World - The New Yorker
"Young people drawn to Silicon Valley can be more insular than those in other industries—they tend to come from educated families and top universities, and achieve success at a very early age. “They’re ignorant, because many of them don’t feel the need to educate themselves outside their little world, and they’re not rewarded for doing so,” the young start-up entrepreneur said. “If you’re an engineer in Silicon Valley, you have no incentive to read The Economist. It’s not brought up at parties, your friends aren’t going to talk about it, your employers don’t care.” He found that college friends who came out to the Valley to seek their fortune subsequently lost interest in the wider world. “People with whom I used to talk about politics or policy or the arts, they’re just not as into it anymore. They don’t read the Wall Street Journal or the New York Times. They read TechCrunch and VentureBeat, and maybe they happen to see something from the Times on somebody’s Facebook news feed.” He went on, “The divide among people in my generation is not as much between traditional liberals and libertarians. It’s a divide between people who are inward-facing and outward-facing.”"
SiliconValley  PaloAlto  inequality  wealth  technology  SanFrancisco  entrepreneurs  startups  technoUtopianism  change  Google  Facebook  government  libertarianism  velocity  politics  ZuckerbergMark  AndreessenMarc  lobbying  advocacy  sharing  economy  poverty  exclusion  middleClass  pay  wages  Apple  meritocracy  sharingEconomy  pace  ObamaBarack 
august 2014 by petej
The Cult of Sharing
"None of the users of the new profit-driven services are under any delusion that they are transacting with others—the term sharing economy even highlights this fact. What’s crucial to realize is that proponents of “sharing” are reinventing our understanding of economic relations between individuals so that they no longer imply individualism, greed or self-interest. Instead, we’re led to believe that commerce conducted on their platforms is ultimately about generosity, helpfulness, community-building, and love."
sharing  economy  Airbnb  SiliconValley  politics  community  branding  marketing  advertising  loyalty  cults  ideology  AtkinDouglas  Peers  BodyShop  RoddickAnita  ethicalConsumerism  consumerism  employment  conditions  precarity  inequality  dctagged  dc:creator=BulajewskiMike  sharingEconomy 
august 2014 by petej

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