petej + dc:creator=morozovevgeny   76

Capitalism’s New Clothes | Evgeny Morozov
Zuboff’s Copernican revolution is much easier to explain by its debt to Chandler than Foucault. Chandler’s own prescriptions were usually limited to demanding that managers be more responsible. Zuboff transcends such defeatism. But her double movement will not win before both managerial capitalism and surveillance capitalism are theorized as “capitalism”—a complex set of historical and social relationships between capital and labor, the state and the monetary system, the metropole and the periphery—and not just as an aggregate of individual firms responding to imperatives of technological and social change. That the latter, miniaturized account of competitive enterprise is the working definition of “capitalism” in American business schools is no reason to impoverish the broader discussion of the system’s rationales and shortcomings.
surveillanceCapitalism  ZuboffShoshana  surveillance  Facebook  Google  businessModels  economics  capitalism  SiliconValley  power  control  ChandlerAlfred  HarvardBusinessSchool  managerialism  ParsonsTalcott  data  predictions  behaviour  Apple  Negri  autonomism  Italy  socialFactory  multitude  post-industrialism  Blairism  Taylorism  extractivism  advertising  Amazon  Uber  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
12 weeks ago by petej
There is a leftwing way to challenge big tech for our data. Here it is | Evgeny Morozov | Opinion | The Guardian
The city is a symbol of outward-looking cosmopolitanism – a potent answer to the homogeneity and insularity of the nation state. Today it is the only place where the idea of exerting meaningful democratic control over one’s life, however trivial the problem, is still viable.

From transport to food delivery, from accommodation to energy consumption, the city also figures prominently in how digital technologies penetrate our life. That the city is also the primary target of big tech is no accident: if these firms succeed in controlling its infrastructure, they need not worry about much else.

The true challenge for the data distributist left is, thus, to find a way to distribute power, not just data. It must mobilise the nation state to turn cities into the harbingers of a new, radical democracy keen on deploying socialised big data and artificial intelligence in the interests of citizens. Without such an emphasis on radical empowerment, the data distributism of the left will only be a boon to the loony far right.
Facebook  socialMedia  personalData  control  markets  ownership  democracy  cities  TheLeft  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  dataExtractivism  decentralisation 
august 2018 by petej
After the Facebook scandal it’s time to base the digital economy on public v private ownership of data | Technology | The Guardian
We face three political options. We can continue with the current model, with Facebook, Alphabet, Amazon and others taking over more and more functions of the state. With time, perhaps, we won’t need to worry that their technologies are used to influence elections because most of our lives will depend on what happens in their boardrooms – not on what happens in our parliaments.

Alternatively, we can opt for the kind of pseudo-antiglobalism endorsed by Bannon, reclaiming some autonomy from the tech giants by over-empowering the financial sector (which Bannon, of course, also wants to tame with cryptocurrencies; we’ll see who will tame whom, but so far banks seem to have survived – and even swallowed – their challengers).

Finally, we can use the recent data controversies to articulate a truly decentralised, emancipatory politics, whereby the institutions of the state (from the national to the municipal level) will be deployed to recognise, create, and foster the creation of social rights to data. These institutions will organise various data sets into pools with differentiated access conditions. They will also ensure that those with good ideas that have little commercial viability but promise major social impact would receive venture funding and realise those ideas on top of those data pools.

Rethinking many of the existing institutions in which citizens seem to have lost trust along such lines would go a long way towards addressing the profound sense of alienation from public and political life felt across the globe. It won’t be easy but it can still be done. This, however, might not be the case 10 or even five years from now, as the long-term political and economic costs of data extractivism come to the surface. The data wells inside ourselves, like all those other drilling sites, won’t last for ever either.
Facebook  socialMedia  personalData  surveillanceCapitalism  businessModels  targeting  profiling  advertising  subscription  ownership  dataProtection  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  dataMining 
april 2018 by petej
The digital hippies want to integrate life and work – but not in a good way | Opinion | The Guardian
Buoyed by new cash, WeWork is expanding in many directions. It has launched living spaces, where members can rent flats above their workplace. It has launched a wellness centre. It has acquired a coding school, where its future members might learn to code. It has announced an elementary school that will treat students as “natural entrepreneurs”, thus allowing their busy parents to see more of their kids – at work.
work  capitalism  technology  WeWork  workspace  Meetup  lateCapitalism  alienation  analytics  Taylorism  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  co-working 
december 2017 by petej
The Leviathan of Silicon Valley
"There are hundreds of startups in Berlin — some of them are nonprofit groups — that are trying to fight surveillance with cool apps. To me, fighting what I perceive to be the cutting edge of neoliberal capitalism with an app is probably as stupid as fighting the European Central Bank and austerity measures with an app; it requires a very different approach. It requires a political campaign, it requires a political force on the ground, it requires social movements and proper analytical and economic analysis of the forces that have produced the problem that you’re trying to solve — in this case the problem of privacy.

Unfortunately, we in Europe, for the most part, have been completely caught up in this simplistic mindset, whereby we either opt for new legal solutions, or we encourage entrepreneurs to build apps that will deliver privacy."
SiliconValley  informationTechnology  monopolies  neoliberalism  Google  SchmidtEric  data  personalData  control  surveillance  NSA  policing  privatisation  infrastructure  SnowdenEdward  commodification  financialisation  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
january 2016 by petej
Silicon Valley likes to promise ‘digital socialism’ – but it is selling a fairy tale | Evgeny Morozov | Comment is free | The Guardian
The citizens, who are not yet fully aware of these dilemmas, might eventually realise that the actual choice we are facing today is not between the market and the state, but between politics and non-politics. It’s a choice between a system bereft of any institutional and political imagination – where some permutation of hackers, entrepreneurs and venture capitalists is the default answer to every social problem – and a system, where explicitly political solutions that might question who – citizens, firms, the state – ought to own what, and on what terms, are still part of the conversation. However one chooses to call the world that Silicon Valley is helping to usher in, “digital socialism” it clearly isn’t.
SiliconValley  humanitarianism  technoUtopianism  empowerment  technology  consumption  sharing  economy  monetisation  inequality  state  politics  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  sharingEconomy 
march 2015 by petej
New Left Review - Evgeny Morozov: Socialize the Data Centres!
"At some point in the summer and fall of 2013 I started paying attention to the growing commodification of personal data. Basically, now that everything is in one way or another mediated by Silicon Valley—all these smart beds and smart cars and smart everything—it’s possible to capture and monetize every moment we spend awake (and, it seems, also asleep). So we are all invited to become data entrepreneurs curating our data portfolios. Analytically, of course, this ‘datafication’ of everything is an extension of the much broader phenomenon of the financialization of everyday life. I spent a lot of time trying to figure out why this is happening and how it can be stopped and it became obvious to me that the answers to these questions had far more to do with politics than with technology. I also realized that I could continue coming up with alternative policy proposals all I wanted, but they still wouldn’t be accepted, for structural reasons. The reason why Europe has such a hard time formulating an alternative project to Silicon Valley has little to do with any lack of knowledge or skills in Europe. It’s just that the kind of interventions that would have to be made—lessening dependence on American companies, promoting initiatives that do not default to competitiveness and entrepreneurship, finding money to invest in infrastructure that would favour the interests of citizens—go clean against what the neoliberal Europe of today stands for. Not to mention the way in which lobbyists representing big technology companies dominate the debate in Brussels. In other words, to understand Europe’s dealings with ‘the Internet’ we are far better off historicizing Europe rather than ‘the Internet’. Once I had done some work on the most elementary, perhaps even superficial level—for example, by looking at the evolution of antitrust and competition law in Europe, or the dissemination of various ideas that used to be associated with the Third Way under the innocent-sounding label of ‘social innovation’—I found it very hard not to question my own social democratic complacency."
interview  technology  Internet  socialMedia  ArabSpring  politics  power  data  personalData  SnowdenEdward  Google  ownership  commodification  Europe  USA  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
february 2015 by petej
Who pays for us to browse the web? Be wary of Google’s latest answer | Comment is free | The Observer
"Putting questions of infrastructure and ownership at the heart of the contemporary digital debate won’t be easy. It will require, invariably, creating institutions that can be trusted – not easy to do when our institutions abuse such trust every day. But even so: this is a more appealing proposition than internalising the neoliberal ethic of Google and its allies: for them, the only politics is that of the marketplace – and it is only our action as consumers – do you want to watch an ad or pay a fee? – that counts.

Advertising is not the “internet’s original sin” but neoliberalism might well be."
Google  businessModels  advertising  subscription  surveillance  tracking  infrastructure  services  neoliberalism  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
november 2014 by petej
Evgeny Morozov | Don't believe the hype, the 'sharing economy' masks a failing economy | Comment is free | The Observer
"Given vast youth unemployment, stagnating incomes, and skyrocketing property prices, today's sharing economy functions as something of a magic wand. Those who already own something can survive by monetising their discomfort: for example, they can earn cash by occasionally renting out their apartments and staying with relatives instead. Those who own nothing, on the other hand, also get to occasionally enjoy a glimpse of the good life – built entirely on goods they do not own."
economy  sharing  technology  technoUtopianism  marketisation  commodification  cloudComputing  youth  unemployment  stagnation  politics  crisis  choice  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny  sharingEconomy 
october 2014 by petej
‘The Naked Future’ and ‘Social Physics’ - NYTimes.com
As we gain the capacity to predict and even pre-empt crises, we risk eliminating the very kinds of experimental behaviors that have been conducive to social innovation. Occasionally, someone needs to break the law, engage in an act of civil disobedience or simply refuse to do something the rest of us find useful. The temptation of Big Data lies precisely in allowing us to identify and make such loopholes unavailable to deviants, who might actually be dissidents in disguise.

It may be that the first kind of power identified by Agamben is actually less pernicious, for, in barring us from doing certain things, it at least preserves, even nurtures, our capacity to resist. But as we lose our ability not to do — here Agamben is absolutely right — our capacity to resist goes away with it. Perhaps it’s easier to resist the power that bars us from using our smartphones than the one that bars us from not using them. Big Data does not a free society make, at least not without basic political judgment.
personalData  bigData  prediction  surveillance  communication  control  democracy  Agamben  resistance  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
may 2014 by petej
my oped in tomorrow's FT - Notes EM
"That the financial value of your personal data is unstable, fluctuating based on your location, health and social status, means the spirit of speculation will not just invade our everyday life but will also make self-surveillance of our “data portfolios” highly appealing. We will resemble the confused analysts of the US National Security Agency: unsure of the future value of the data we generate, we will opt to store them for posterity. And, unsure of how to maximise that value, we will keep adding data streams in the vain hope that the value of our data portfolio (the sum total of our life) will rise.

The hope that such precarious data entrepreneurship can mitigate the problems of automation or ease our growing reliance on debt is the utopian conceit of the digital elites. Just because the World Economic Forum argues that personal data are emerging as a new asset class, that does not make it a natural or irreversible development. Nor is this development driven solely by technological innovation: like financialisation, mediatisation is primarily a failure of regulation.

Silicon Valley might, indeed, succeed in disrupting Wall Street. Alas, it has shown no real interest in disrupting its long-term agenda of making our lives tick in sync with the speculative logic of finance."
SiliconValley  data  bigData  surveillance  tracking  monitoring  dataBrokers  mediatisation  personalData  financialisation  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
march 2014 by petej
How dictators watch us on the web
"But that isn’t what happened in Belarus. After the first flash mob, the authorities began monitoring By_mob, the LiveJournal community where the activities were announced. The police started to show up at the events, often before the flashmobbers did. Not only did they detain participants, but they too took photos. These—along with the protesters’ own online images—were used to identify troublemakers, many of whom were then interrogated by the KGB, threatened with suspension from university, or worse. This intimidation didn’t go unnoticed. Soon, only hardcore activists would show up. Social media created a digital panopticon that thwarted the revolution: its networks, transmitting public fear, were infiltrated and hopelessly outgunned by the power of the state."
Belarus  politics  activism  socialMedia  flashmobs  LiveJournal  repression  surveillance  policing  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
january 2014 by petej
To Save Everything Click Here: What Farhad Manjoo gets wrong about my book. - Slate Magazine
What I hate about such “Technology talk” is that it sustains the technophobe-technophile poles of the current debate, making it much harder to engage in substantial critiques of individual technologies—if only for the fear of being labeled a Luddite. I find those poles suffocating, for, as I know too well from my own case, any deviation from blind worship to each and every technology automatically usually confines me to the “technophobe” pole. “Technology” as a thought category suppresses complex feelings toward individual technologies; in this sense, I do hate it—but I hate the ambiguous label, not every single artifact that it refers to.
technology  solutionism  tsech  SiliconValley  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
april 2013 by petej
Evgeny Morozov: 'We are abandoning all the checks and balances' | Technology | The Observer
"All solutions come with cost. Shifting a lot of the responsibility to the individual is a very conservative approach that seeks to preserve the current system instead of reforming it. With self-tracking we end up optimising our behaviour within the existing constraints rather than changing the constraints to begin with. It places us as consumers rather than citizens."
technology  culture  solutionism  ideology  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
march 2013 by petej
Wonga, Lenddo, Lendup: Big data and social-networking banking. - Slate Magazine
“Big data” can separate the lazy slackers from those who truly deserve better loan terms. The goal, then, is to get as many data as possible, perhaps even nudging potential applicants to pre-emptively disclose as much information about themselves as possible. In yet another puzzling paradox of the modern age, the rich people are spending money on expensive services that protect their privacy and improve their standing in Google's search results, while the poor people have little choice but to surrender their privacy in the name of social mobility.
data  bigData  credit  loans  privacy  monitoring  tracking  money  finance  socialMedia  Wonga  Lenddo  Lendup  dctagged  dc:creator=MorozovEvgeny 
february 2013 by petej

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