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Coming Soon: International Fanworks Day 2019
International Fanworks Day 2019 is coming soon! Follow the link to learn more, and tell us what fanworks mean to you.
Event  Fannish-Practices 
16 hours ago
Fanhackers • Fan debates that spiral out of control used to be...
"Fan debates that spiral out of control used to be called wank, ostensibly because it was seen as..." “

Fan debates that spiral out of control used to be called wank, ostensibly because it was seen as self-aggrandizing with no particular goal except for an anonymous emotional release on the internet, and it was labelled and described as such in communities such as fandom_wank and fail_fandomanon on LiveJournal and Dreamwidth. Nowadays, these similar arguments on Tumblr and Twitter are called discourse, a term co-opted from academia which lends gravitas and credence to the arguments being expounded in the post. Similarly, squick in old fandom simply implied a visceral dislike of a given topic, but the new fandom term trigger makes someone’s aversive feelings towards that topic more intensely personal and potentially traumatic. As fandom became more and more political and critical of its consumption of media, its preferred terms to describe its engagement with the media have also shifted towards a more academic, professional lexicon.

In the end, perhaps that is what the old fandom denizens currently on Tumblr are bemoaning when they note the shift from wank to discourse or squick to trigger. This cultural shift to becoming more serious about one’s hobby has thrown people who have been in fandom before Strikethrough slightly off-kilter. (…) In its current iteration on Tumblr, fandom’s shift from wank to discourse and squick to trigger indicates its growing acceptance of critical analysis of media, especially in regards to increasing representation for marginalized populations.



- Winterwood, Lily. “Discourse Is the New Wank: A Reflection on Linguistic Change in Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,” edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27.
fanhackers 
5 days ago
The OTW is Recruiting Tag Wranglers, Proofreaders, and Copyeditors
Would you like to wrangle AO3 tags? Do you have experience copyediting or proofreading academic journals? The OTW is recruiting tag wranglers, proofreaders, and copyeditors. Signal boost this to your friends and apply today.
Volunteering  TWC-Committee  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
6 days ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 101
This week in fandom: New works enter the public domain, the culture of k-pop stans, a look at the issues surrounding esports, and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Fanfiction  Fannish-Practices  Gaming  Intellectual-Property 
7 days ago
The OTW’s 2017 Annual Report is Now Available
The OTW is pleased to present its 2017 Annual Report. The report provides a letter from our Board of Directors, a summary of our activities during the past financial and calendar year, and our financial statements for 2017. Follow the link to learn more
Report  OTW-Sections 
8 days ago
Fanhackers • Old fandom—in the context of this article, fandom...
"Old fandom—in the context of this article, fandom from before the rise of microblogging platforms..." “Old fandom—in the context of this article, fandom from before the rise of microblogging platforms like Tumblr and Twitter—was a very different place by virtue of being hosted on journaling platforms like LiveJournal or individual domains like GeoCities. The structure of those sites was more friendly toward written posts and long, individual discussions in comment threads, as well as communities keeping to their own and not having to see content from other parts of the site unless the user crossposted or linked to them. The average age skewed a lot older, with users on LiveJournal talking about families and jobs alongside their fan works, and younger users often either lied about their age or said nothing at all.”

- Winterwood, Lily. “Discourse Is the New Wank: A Reflection on Linguistic Change in Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,” edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27.
fanhackers 
12 days ago
Five Things Angelique Jurd Said
In Five Things, Angel discusses what a chair track staffer is and why she wanted the job, as well as what kind of dirty job she has outside of the OTW
Five-Things  Communications-Committee 
17 days ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 100
This Week in Fandom: The Tumblr Purge continues, two gaming wiki companies merge, the state of fandom in 2018, and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Tumblr  Fannish-Histories  Gaming  Fanart 
28 days ago
Underground is Moving to the AO3
Underground, a Labyrinth fanfiction archive, is moving to AO3. Follow the link to learn more, including how to claim works you posted there.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction 
29 days ago
OTW Guest Post: Hansi Oppenheimer
This month's guest post is from Hansi Oppenheimer, a documentarian, acafan, and Professional Fangrrl whose interests are women in fandom, diverse representation and the impact of a fan-run con.
Guest-Post  Gender-and-Sexuality  Fan-films 
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 12
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 12

Today’s (still today in the UK, sorry for everyone east of me for the delay!) scholarly reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse comes from Jess Allen at Fantasia, from a Twitter thread reposted with permission.

“While it’s not specifically targeting #fandom, the new #Tumblr guidelines will certainly change the way fans (particularly the younger generations of fans) express themselves and experience fan content.

As understandable as reducing the amount and severity of NSFW content on a blogging site with next to no age restrictions is, this change will have massive repercussions not only on online sex workers and those who explore porn recreationally but on the fan communities as well.

(Whether these changes are being made for purely safeguarding purposes for users or are more to do with advertising revenue and public image of the site is another topic altogether)

Tumblr has long since been known for its fan communities, and these communities’ ability to create, share and discover explicit content freely and without restriction. It could even be considered a place where many young people are able to discover their sexualities and themselves through this content, and (again), while these changes do make sense, there is now left no widely used space for explicit fan content that has the same unique usability as Tumblr. From reblogs to anon-mail and the dashboard, Tumblr’s place in fandom will be shifted immensely. (That is if these guidelines are enforced for an extended period of time).

However, it should also be noted that in the new guidelines; "Written content such as erotica […]and nudity found in art, such as sculptures and illustrations, are can be freely posted on Tumblr.” (Tumblr, 2018) This does mean a wide variety of explicit fan content will still be made available, so perhaps not all hope is lost.“
fanhackers 
4 weeks ago
Helpful Information for New AO3 Users
Are you new to AO3? Are you coming from a non-English fandom space? We've got some some helpful information about how to get started and how AO3 works. Follow the link to learn more.
Archive-of-Our-Own 
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 11
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 11

Today’s scholarly reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse was a response to my own musing (which you can find in yesterday’s post). Rachel Aparicio (@rachelawrites considers how fannish production is shaped by the platforms that host us.

“This is actually something I think about a LOT & something I wish #fanstudies examined more in depth – namely the way fan production is so highly tied to the material capacities of the platforms which exist & are taken up for its practice. The very structure of Tumblr helped create & normalize whole new genres of fan production (imagines, mood boards, porn look-alikes, incorrect quotes, etc). Tumblr is so emblematic of the materialism of fandom and how much fan out-put is disciplined by the tools available to make & distribute content.”
fanhackers 
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 10
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 10

Today’s scholarly reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse comes from Fanhackers’ very own elmyra, originally posted in a short Twitter thread. Just a (non-exhaustive) list of things that Tumblr gave birth to, or nurtured, that we’re going to lose.

“Further thoughts on the Tumblrpocalypse: We’re going to lose queer and sex worker and fannish communities en masse. We’re also going to lose entire art forms like mood boards and porn gifs and the kind of communal, conversational storytelling that happens in tags.

Oh yeah you know what else was largely born on Tumblr? Asexual activism. As was a whole chunk of non-binary activism and black feminist thought. The concept of misogynoir (credit to @thetrudz).

Honestly, I am angry and terrified of the monumental losses we’re going to suffer as a result of this.”
fanhackers 
4 weeks ago
November 2018 Newsletter, Volume 130
In the OTW November newsletter: AO3 now supports emoji; news from the Open Doors committee; make sure your AO3 e-mail address is up to date, and more.
Newsletter  OTW-Sections 
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 9
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 9

Today’s scholarly reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse comes from Katherine E. Morrissey, who is an Assistant Professor at San Francisco State University. It’s from a Twitter thread, reposted with permission.

“Some fans are using Tumblr’s new content restrictions as a call for a fandom created platform. I love & hate the idea. I also question if that level of organization is possible in an era where fandom is so distributed & dependent on the tenuous social ties Tumblr constructs.

I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again: forming OTW was a pivotal moment in media fandoms. Not just because fans organized systems to protect them but also because the archive separates fannish content from fannish socializing.

The fannish gift economy needs those social ties. Simultaneously, the commercial market began to make room for the types of content which were previously more exclusively fandom. Content creators were gaining alternatives for remuneration beyond social capital.

The media fandom networks constructing OTW/AO3 are very different from those shaping fan experiences today. Different modes of distribution, diff content needs, diff expectations. OTW was a necessary step & also a point of loss. The death of one fandom & birth of another.

Or, maybe I should say, the transition from one fannish ecosystem to another.”
fanhackers 
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 8
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 8

Today’s scholarly reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse comes from a locked thread on Twitter by JSA Lowe, reposted with permission. Read on for some delightful musings on the difference between “art” and “porn”.

what a nightmare—seriously, @tumblr? seriously?? in the year of our lord 2018 YOU are going to try to determine the difference between art & porn when ≈3000 years of human culture have been unable to do so?!?!? oh my actual god, I WILL NEVER STOP LAUGHING

“Adult content primarily includes photos, videos, or GIFs that show real-life human genitals or female-presenting nipples, & any content—including photos, videos, GIFs & illustrations—that depicts sex acts.” HOW THE HELL DO YOU T—okay you know what, never mind. Just…never mind.

“Written content such as erotica, nudity related to political or newsworthy speech, & nudity found in art, such as sculptures & illustrations, are [sic] also stuff that can be freely posted on Tumblr.” Oh—art! Well then! PLEASE TELL ME ABOUT THIS ART OF WHICH YOU SPEAK SO FREELY.

the temptation to post approximately A THOUSAND PHOTOS OF GREEK & ETRUSCAN POTTERY & another thousand of Edo-era shunga has NEVER BEEN SO STRONG

honestly, I’m grudgingly impressed—staff actually managed to do something WORSE THAN Strikethrough! it’s quite an achievement, I’m almost admiring (in the same way Ash says of the xenomorph’s blood, “I admire its purity”)

to conclude my eye-rolling spittle-flecked thread: here, have some 17c #shunga (春画)! I’m sure the RENOWNED ART HISTORIANS OF @TUMBLR will have a REALLY EASY TIME deciding if these are artistic or pornographic! have at it guys! don’t get turned on though!

just used the mass tag replacer to retag all my posts tagged “nsfw” as “art”! so THAT WAS FUN! may I suggest you do the same (and then backup your tumblr)! tags.circumfluo.us

now a gifset of James McAvoy having an on-camera orgasm is tagged art! so are romantic Victorian-style line-drawings of Yuri & Viktor making love while crying! & all my naked K/S fanart! I’m so proud of myself & my research at this moment! WHERE IS YOUR PURITY CULTURE NOW, TUNGLR

what about all the posts I’ve sardonically tagged #nsfw like gifsets of Misha Collins’ hands, or Gillian Anderson wearing clothes? WHAT ABOUT THOSE, @TUMBLR, did it occur to you for ONE HOT MINUTE to think about the ways we actively use the affordances of your OWN COTDAM PLATFORM
fanhackers 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 7
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 7

Today’s reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse comes from Jordan T. Thevenow-Harrison, who is a learning designer who makes things to help people teach themselves. You can find Jordan at jtth.net.

“I learned more about identity through queer & POC teens on tumblr than in any other context. A lot of the defining work in queer communities was done on tumblr, often in response to some suggestive or horny art. All the threads that contain this work are going to disappear.

So be understanding when people feel sad when what was once a kind of welcoming bookstore suddenly piles a bunch of beloved and definitional books in a heap and lights a fuse to burn them.”
fanhackers 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 6
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 6

Today’s scholarly reaction to the Tumblrpocalypse comes from Emily Roach.

“One of my big concerns is where fan communities will actually migrate to if Tumblr does end up driving huge parts of fandom away and/or deleting blogs. Dr Casey Fiesler and Brianna Dym’s research on migration from the journals to Tumblr identifies that the alternative platform needs to be sufficiently well established in order to encourage migration in the first place (see also a Slate article on this). At present the alternative platforms have their own glitches which drove people away from them and/or have left new users underwhelmed. Pillowfort is very new and is still ironing out issues. LJ still has the issue with its Terms of Service. Dreamwidth could work well for fandoms like Harry Potter that have a history of thriving on the journals and are quite meta/fest/fic heavy, but I struggle to see a very media-oriented fandom with a significant number of people who use their mobile phones for fan activity getting on with that space. Twitter is an established option for some fandoms, most notably celebrity fandoms, but it doesn’t work at all well for other fandoms. Unlike the LJ to Tumblr move - where Tumblr seemed like the obvious choice to people looking to migrate after deleting LJs in 2017 - my sense is that people don’t have that natural space to move to. This will lead, in my view, to people continuing to use Tumblr until the bitter end - see LJ, the biggest migration seemed to come in 2017, some ten years after Strikethrough/Boldthrough - and a new urgency around trialing alternative platforms, seeking out Discord chat spaces (and equivalent) and so on. While people find their feet on other platforms I think fandoms are likely to fragment as I don’t think people see any one space as the obvious alternative at present.”
fanhackers 
5 weeks ago
Tumblr’s TOS Changes, AO3, and You
OTW Legal talks about the new Tumblr Terms of Service and what they mean for fans (and AO3).
Legal-Advocacy  Tumblr 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 3
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 3

[It occurred to me this morning that I missed a trick in not calling this series “I will go down with this ship…” Ah well.]

Anyway, here’s another instalment in our current special series featuring Tumblr and fan studies researchers’ personal and scholarly reactions to the Tumblrpocalypse. Today we have Lori Morimoto, whom you can find on here as @tea-and-liminality.

“My main concern is the effect it may have on the transnationality/transculturality of media fandoms as they currently exist on the site. Tumblr’s foregrounding of the visual - and, in particular, fan art - has opened up alternative lines of communication between fans from different cultural/language backgrounds that, in circumventing text, have really transformed "fandom” as we talk about it. Places like deviantArt and Japan’s Pixiv (and a host of other Chinese sites) have some of that cross-cultural quality, but the sense of belonging in a given fan community through visual contributions has been fairly unique to Tumblr. I know some of that transculturality has shifted to Twitter, but I wonder if this will ultimately lead to a kind of cultural resegregation in media fandoms going forward.“
fanhackers 
5 weeks ago
International Volunteer Day 2018
It's International Volunteer Day! We're saying thanks to all the incredible volunteers who make the OTW and its work possible.
Event  Volunteering 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 2
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 2

As the Tumblrpocalypse unfolds, we’re collecting both personal and scholarly reactions from fan studies scholars and Tumblr researchers. Here are some thoughts from Ruth Flaherty, PhD Candidate in Intellectual Property and Economics, UEA Law School. You can find Ruth on Twitter at @RuthFlahertyUEA.

“I think this raises several important questions. Firstly, regarding the life cycle of these sites, and who they think their users/customers are - who is it they are trying to protect with this move, and what customer research have they done to state that this is necessary? Like others, I think that this will affect LGBTQ+ users disproportionately - but I also see it as part of the ongoing movement of large hosting sites (other than AO3 of course) away from material that could be considered ‘harmful’ to the underlying work - for example for copyright reasons (see the suggested new Article 13 in the Proposed Copyright Directive in the EU). I see this as part of the increasing number of threats to fan communities who don’t interact with each other or the underlying work in the 'authorised’ way.”
fanhackers 
5 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 99
This Week in Fandom: The Tumblr Purge. What's happening, what it means, and what people are doing.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Tumblr  Fannish-Histories 
6 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 1
Tumblrpocalypse Special, Part 1

As the Tumblrpocalypse unfolds, we have asked fan studies scholars and Tumblr researchers for their reactions to Tumblr banning adult content and the consequences this is likely to have. Some are scholarly and analytical, some are deeply personal. We’ll be posting them here over the next few days as they come in.

To start us off, a very personal reflection by @ludi-ling:

“I abandoned DeviantART for Tumblr. It allowed me to talk to my fellow Romy fans in a way I’d never before been able to on other platforms, and now we have built a small but meaningful community, of people I now consider not just fellow fans, but friends. I learned to embrace my sexuality through Tumblr. It is a place of much joy to me, not simply as a place to research, but a place to be creative, to discuss fandom, to build fandoms, and to make connections with people… in short - everything I have come to love and everything I will be sad to lose.”
fanhackers 
6 weeks ago
The Tom Paris Dorm is Moving to the AO3
The Tom Paris Dorm, a Tom Paris-centric Star Trek fanfiction archive, is being imported to AO3. Follow the link to learn more, including how to claim your works.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction 
6 weeks ago
Fanhackers • The reception the Lexa Pledge has received...
"The reception the Lexa Pledge has received suggests ambivalence about the impact of #BuryYourGays...." “The reception the Lexa Pledge has received suggests ambivalence about the impact of #BuryYourGays. Showrunners are now more aware of television’s tendency to kill queer characters, but they are wary of a blanket commitment to avoiding the trope. Their reluctance indicates that remedying the ‘bury your gays’ trope is not a question of simply asking creators to consciously choose to avoid it. We need to credit the forces history and context exert on creators as well. In the context of queer televisual death, critiques of individual creative choices should also contest the industry structures that make queer demise the path of least resistance.”

-

Cameron, K. (2018). Toxic regulation: From TV’s code of practices to ‘#Bury Your Gays’, Participations 15 (1).

I love how much research fan reactions to the killing off of Lexa in The 100 has generated. (See also our other recent post from the Participations special issue on toxic fandom for more on this.) In this paper, Kelsey Cameron looks at some of the toxic fan behaviour in response to Lexa’s death and puts it in the context of a long history of media regulation and censorship when it comes to queer representation.
fanhackers 
6 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Supernatural, hands down, from the time I started...
"Supernatural, hands down, from the time I started working with this type of data, has just continued..." “Supernatural, hands down, from the time I started working with this type of data, has just continued to be so huge, not only with the show, but we see the characters trend, and we see the actors around the show trend. Misha Collins just did his third Answer Time—Answer Time is our Q and A on the site, and he’s just so successful and they get such great engagement that we had him on for a third. And he loves doing them, so it’s very exciting to see that. As for changes, anime and K-pop have both really surged since I started working here. I mentioned that Bangtan Boys is often one of our top tags of all the tags; if it’s not Bangtan Boys, it’s Yuri!!! on Ice. So, to see this anime kind of overtake the whole community and trend so much higher than everything else on the site—it’s just wild to see how things ebb and flow. And One Direction—I’m actually working through some 2013 data for a project I’m working on in secret right now (https://thefandometrics.tumblr.com/post/162441496429/fandometrics-in-depth-shipping), and most of the ships from that year are One Direction ships. And now it’s very rare to see the Larry Stylinsons come out. It just feels like One Direction was this cornerstone of Tumblr fandom in the beginning, and now it still exists in different metadata, because people are talking just about Harry or just about Zayn, and it just has ebbed and flowed. It’s on the way down.”

- Morimoto, Lori. 2018. “Roundtable: Tumblr and Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,"edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27. 
fanhackers 
6 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 98
This Week in Fandom: The trailer for After is released; the Tumblr purge continues; Doctor Who switches to a New Year's Special; and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Fanfiction  Books  Movies  Television  Gender-and-Sexuality  Tumblr  Anime-and-Manga 
7 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 97
This Week in Fandom: RIP Stan Lee; why are Tumblr blogs getting deleted?; a possible 10-year prison sentence for Chinese author; and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Books  Comics  Fanfiction  Tumblr 
8 weeks ago
Twice Bitten is Moving to the AO3
Twice Bitten, a Blood Ties fanfiction archive, is being imported to AO3. Click the link to learn more, including how to claim your works
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction 
8 weeks ago
OTW Guest Post: Josué Cardona
Josué Cardona founded Geek Therapy when he saw how fandom was useful for connecting with those he was trying to help. After events in Puerto Rico last year, he also found it could be a way to stay connected in the aftermath of a crisis.
Guest-Post  Television  Comics  Gaming 
8 weeks ago
Fanhackers • If you look at how AO3 is built, consent is also...
"If you look at how AO3 is built, consent is also at the core of its infrastructure. The concept of..." “If you look at how AO3 is built, consent is also at the core of its infrastructure. The concept of Archive Warnings, how it’s implemented, and the content of these warnings are all about consent. Warnings are all about allowing readers to make informed choices - to give informed consent - to the kind of content they engage with. And two of the four things you can warn for (rape/non-con and underage) are directly related to consent. The interesting thing that does is that when you are writing your fic, when you are posting it, you are prompted to think about and engage with consent issues. And if you don’t, readers will comment on that and start a conversation. So thinking about consent is a community norm that is baked into our infrastructure.”

-

How fanfiction is leading the way when it comes to conversations about consent

Fanhackers’ very own elmyra got interviewed by Just Geek Stuff about their research on consent in fanfiction.
fanhackers 
8 weeks ago
Updates to the Star Wars Legends fandom tags
Most of the Legends Era tags are going to be merged into “Star Wars Legends - All Media Types”. New Jedi Order is going to be kept separate and renamed to a Series tag, as it’s essentialy been used as a series already. We’re also moving “Star Wars Legends (Dark Horse Comics)” and “Star Wars Legends (Marvel Comics)” into the “Star Wars Legends - All Media Types” tag and subtagging a couple of fandoms that were accidentally connected to another series.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
9 weeks ago
October 2018 Newsletter, Volume 129
In the OTW October newsletter: kudos on the record-breaking membership drive; new milestones at AO3; lots of legal advocacy; and more!
Newsletter  OTW-Sections 
9 weeks ago
Five Things Ariana Said
In this month’s Five Things, Ariana tells us how having a beta led to better things for her fanfic and volunteering for the OTW set her on a path to a multinational job. Plus, ever wonder what’s involved in importing an archive to the AO3? https://goo.gl/sVMwug
Five-Things  Accessibility-Design-&-Technology-Committee  Open-Doors-Committee 
9 weeks ago
Fanhackers • The internal struggle for the control of the...
"The internal struggle for the control of the television text is clear in the case of The 100. In..." “The internal struggle for the control of the television text is clear in the case of The 100. In this regard, fans participating in the ‘LGBT Fans Deserve Better’ campaign used social media to denounce the distorted and harmful representation of lesbians and bisexuals. Fueled by their newly developed fan-tagonism or anti-fandom, the actions and initiatives of the fan activists were not only directed towards the producers of the series and towards the actors in the industry, but also to other fans, specifically toxic fans, within their own community. The comments analysed reveal a constant negotiation for the ultimate goal of the campaign and the means to achieve it at a time when the hostilities towards the producers by toxic fans threatened to damage the ethos of fan activists and the whole campaign. Therefore, the self-regulation strategies deployed by fan activists on ‘The L Chat’ illustrate the tensions that are intrinsic to most, if not all, fan cultures.”

-

Guerrero-Pico, Mar, María-José Establés & Rafa Ventura (2018). ‘Killing off Lexa: “Dead Lesbian Syndrome” & intra-fandom management of toxic fan practices in an online queer community’, Participations 15 (1).

You might remember us posting a paper last year about how the idea of queerbaiting has evolved over time, using the example of the Clarke/Lexa relationship from The 100.

Guerrero-Pico and her colleagues look at a similar case study of fan reactions to Lexa’s death in the show, but rather than just looking at fan-producer interactions, this paper looks at the diversity of reactions within fandom, and how different factions within the Clexa fandom negotiated with each other and managed each other’s behaviour, especially towards the show’s producers.

The paper is part of a special issue on toxic fan practices of the journal Participations, which is a fully open-access journal.
fanhackers 
9 weeks ago
Fanhackers • This book offers a media ethnography of the...
OAPEN Library - Productive FandomThis cosplay-centric book on fandom by Dr. Nicolle Lamerichs is...

OAPEN Library - Productive Fandom

This cosplay-centric book on fandom by Dr. Nicolle Lamerichs is free to download and read. Blurb:

This book offers a media ethnography of the digital culture, conventions, and urban spaces associated with fandoms, arguing that fandom is an area of productive, creative, and subversive value.
fanhackers 
10 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 96
This Week in Fandom: Halloween cosplay; a divided reaction to Bohemian Rhapsody; the most important part of BlizzCon 2018; and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Gaming  Movies  Music  Fanfiction  Cosplay 
10 weeks ago
International Volunteer Managers Day 2018
It's International Volunteer Managers Day 2018! The work done by the OTW wouldn't be possible without our Volunteers & Recruiting committee. Join us in celebrating them today.
Event  Volunteers-&-Recruiting 
10 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Participatory fans on Tumblr adopt specialized...
"Participatory fans on Tumblr adopt specialized fandom tags, which are unlikely to be used by Tumblr..." “Participatory fans on Tumblr adopt specialized fandom tags, which are unlikely to be used by Tumblr members who do not identify with a particular fandom or subsection of fandom. Such tags are not merely composed of the name the fandom (such as a show or movie title), or even one of the primary characters. Rather, specialized fandom tags further delineate the potential audience, trying to draw the attention of a specific subsection of the larger fan base or to conceal content from other fans (and content producers) who do not want to view romantic or sexual content. In using these tags, widely scattered fans take on some characteristics of communities. Norms develop regarding what is posted and how fans interact with each other when a particular tag is deployed. Without an architecturally defined community structure, content and conduct are nonetheless debated and controlled.”

- Neill Hoch, Indira. 2018. “Content, Conduct, and Apologies in Tumblr Fandom Tags.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,” edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27.
fanhackers 
10 weeks ago
Fanhackers • If I had written an essay in 2006 about “the...
"If I had written an essay in 2006 about “the future of fandom,” I might have imagined a..." “If I had written an essay in 2006 about “the future of fandom,” I might have imagined a possible future that looked very much like AO3—except I would have considered it far out of reach. The idea that a community of people could come together to create among themselves both the infrastructure and the code for an entirely new platform is remarkable—but it is even more remarkable that this was a community of mostly women, who are traditionally underrepresented in computer science and even more so in open-source development. Another success of AO3 is that they didn’t just build a platform; they also built a batch of fan-coders because, as the founders realized at the time: “we’re going to have to grow our own”.”

- Fiesler, Casey. 2018. “Owning the Servers: A Design Fiction Exploring the Transformation of Fandom into ‘Our Own.’” In “The Future of Fandom,” special 10th anniversary issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 28.
fanhackers 
10 weeks ago
Elusive Lover is Moving to the AO3
Elusive Lover, a Star Wars Luke/Han archive for fanfiction, fanart, and poetry, is being imported to AO3! Click the link to learn more, including how to claim your works.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction  Fanart 
11 weeks ago
Elementary, My Dear Joan: Changes to the Joan Watson tag tree
There’s going to be a change in the Sherlock Holmes fandom, specifically in regards to two character tags from one of its many adaptations, CBS’s Elementary (TV).

The “Joan Watson” tree will no longer be subtagged under “John Watson”. “John Watson” will still be subtagged to “John”.

Another character that fans will be familiar with is “Jamie Moriarty | Irene Adler”, who will be subtagged to “Moriarty” instead of the previous metatag, “James Moriarty”, for the same reason.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
11 weeks ago
Fanhackers • #fsnna18 hashtag on Twitter
#fsnna18 hashtag on Twitter #fsnna18 hashtag on Twitter:

Live now: the Fan Studies Network North America Conference. Follow the hashtag on Twitter (and we’ll hopefully have a write-up for you from one of the attendees in the near future).
fanhackers 
11 weeks ago
AO3 Celebrates 30,000 Fandoms!
AO3 is thrilled to announce that it is now home to fanworks from 30,000 fandoms! To celebrate, we've put together some tips and tricks on how to make tagging work for you
Announcement  Archive-of-Our-Own  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
11 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Shops like the Who Shop and Alien Entertainment...
"Shops like the Who Shop and Alien Entertainment use their authority as merchants to help shape the..." “Shops like the Who Shop and Alien Entertainment use their authority as merchants to help shape the fandom, and to reinforce the feelings of alterity within fan subcultural communities through discourses of historicity and activity. Importantly, both discourses are reflective of, and appear to react to, the rise of digital technology; both the Who Shop and Alien Entertainment emphasize the importance of local, in-person events while also developing a web presence. In addition to the in-person merchandise sales, the museum, the convention, and the signings, both shops use the internet frequently to sell wares around the world. That both stores have maintained a connection to the fan base itself portends a revisitation of traditional ways of understanding fandom.”

-

Booth, Paul J. 2018. “Framing Alterity: Reclaiming Fandom’s Marginality.” In “The Future of Fandom,” special 10th anniversary issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 28.

In a time where fans and fan studies are looking at the mainstreaming of fandom with varying levels of worry, Paul Booth takes a look at how fans continue to maintain their outsider and marginal identities.
fanhackers 
11 weeks ago
Fanhackers • The basic issue with monetizing fan fiction is...
"The basic issue with monetizing fan fiction is that organic, noncommercial communities that create..." “The basic issue with monetizing fan fiction is that organic, noncommercial communities that create transformative remixes cannot be moved into the commercial sector without being fundamentally altered and diminished. The market changes what it swallows.”

- Tushnet, Rebecca. “All of This Has Happened Before and All of This Will Happen Again: Innovation in Copyright Licensing.” Berkeley Tech. LJ 29 (2014): p. 20.
fanhackers 
12 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 95
This Week in Fandom: Fandom-themed Chia Pets; the importance of non-canon queer ships; So. Much. Symbrock.; and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Books  Movies  Television  Gender-and-Sexuality  Fannish-Practices  Comics 
12 weeks ago
P/K All the Way is Moving to the AO3
P/K All the Way, a Star Trek: Voyager fanfiction archive, is being imported to AO3. Click the link to learn more, including what to do if you had works there.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction 
12 weeks ago
OTW Guest Post: Annalise Ophelian
In the October OTW Guest Post, Dr Annalise Ophelian talks about women in fandom and her upcoming docu-series "Looking for Leia".
Cosplay  Guest-Post  Fannish-communities  Fannish-Practices 
12 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Morimoto: The Yuri!!! on Ice thing … Brennan:...
"Morimoto: The Yuri!!! on Ice thing … Brennan: Yeah, it’s wild. People love anime with sports...." “

Morimoto: The Yuri!!! on Ice thing …

Brennan: Yeah, it’s wild. People love anime with sports. Haikyu!, the volleyball anime, is also huge, and Free, when that happened, also was such a cultural phenomenon. When the first trailer came out for Free, a whole fandom sprung out of just the trailer—there was no information about the characters or anything. People just went in on headcanons and found something to connect with, with just a few seconds of content. So, there’s something about sports anime!



- Morimoto, Lori. 2018. “Roundtable: Tumblr and Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,“edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27. 
fanhackers 
12 weeks ago
The OTW is Recruiting Translators, Fanlore Staff, and Communications Staff
Are you multilingual? Are you interested in fannish history? Do you love planning events? The OTW is recruiting translators, Fanlore staff, and Communications Staff. Signal boost this to your friends, and click the link to learn more and apply today
Volunteering  Translation-Committee  Communications-Committee  Fanlore-Committee 
october 2018
Fanhackers • The case of Sherlock Johnlock fandom reiterates...
"The case of Sherlock Johnlock fandom reiterates the question Jenkins (2006) posed about Twin Peaks..." “The case of Sherlock Johnlock fandom reiterates the question Jenkins (2006) posed about Twin Peaks (1990–91) fans and David Lynch: what if fans found out the text was meaningless or that all meaning came from their interpretive community and not the author? This is an especially pertinent question, given that a photo set of Lynch asserting the primacy of the text has been making the rounds on Tumblr among Johnlock fans in the wake of Freeman’s March/April 2018 comments. Further, a July 9, 2018, Tumblr Q&A, which Moffat and Gatiss conducted as 221b-investigates to promote their Sherlock-themed London escape room experience “The Game Is Now,” reiterated for many Johnlockers that Mofftiss—with their “patronizing, supercilious and teasing” nonanswers (we-love-the-beekeeper, July 9, 2018)—still do not wish to meaningfully engage them. Several fans submitted questions already knowing full well they would not be answered but with the intent to hold the writers accountable for their narrative, while others were disappointed in the lack of serious answers. Worse yet, Moffat and Gatiss appeared to disdain analysis—or recognize its potential for narrative disappointment. In response to a question meant to echo Sherlock’s words in “TST,” alwaysanoriginal asks, “Any words of advice for those who like to pull on the ‘loose threads’ of the world?” Mofftiss responds, “You’ll ruin your jumper.””

- Hofmann, Melissa A. 2018. “Johnlock Meta and Authorial Intent in Sherlock Fandom: Affirmational or Transformational?” In “The Future of Fandom,” special 10th anniversary issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 28.
fanhackers 
october 2018
Thank You for Your Support!
We at the OTW are yet again blown away by your support and enthusiasm.
Thanks to 7,823 donors from 93 countries, we raised a total of $193,068.87!
Your donations make a difference. And if you missed the drive, don't worry--we accept donations year-round.
Event 
october 2018
Fanhackers • This study (of New York Times articles on fan...
"This study (of New York Times articles on fan fiction) provides little evidence that the news media..." “

This study (of New York Times articles on fan fiction) provides little evidence that the news media bias parents and administrators against the use of fanfiction in the K-12 classroom. Throughout the narrative, fanfiction is depicted as an increasingly normal (Bazelon 2007), “mainstream” youth practice (Manly 2006, 1).

(…)

Since The New York Times does not negatively frame fanfiction literacy practices, why do so many fanfiction scholars and practitioners report that negative discourses about fanfiction hinder classroom literacy initiatives? One possible explanation is that fanfiction scholars have relied too heavily on isolated examples of negative discourses, and have not considered the overall ratio of these negative discourses to positive discourses. For example, Jenkins (1992) refers to several films, television shows, and non-fiction books that negatively depict fans, but Jenkins never provides the size of his entire data set or information about positive depictions. Since Jenkins only presents eleven films in his findings, and does not provide his data collection methodologies, it is difficult to determine the implications or transferability of Jenkins’ study. A parent might view fans negatively if they were to watch all eleven of these films, but what if they were to watch eleven random films that depicted fans?

Based on inconsistencies between this study and other fanfiction research, I recommend that other fanfiction scholars attempt to reproduce these findings by analyzing the discourses of other news media outlets.



- Drew Emanuel Berkowitz, Framing the Future of Fanfiction: How The New York Times’ Portrayal of a Youth Media Subculture Influences Beliefs about Media Literacy Education, p205
fanhackers 
october 2018
Display Your OTW Pride!
Show your support for the OTW and AO3 with our fun new kudos stress ball--just one of the thank-you gifts available when you donate. Save up for your favorite with a recurring donation! Click the link to learn more and donate today.
Event 
october 2018
OTW Finance: 2018 Budget Update
The OTW is pleased to present our updated 2018 budget. Click the link to find out about our revenue and project expenses, and download a spreadsheet with all the details.
Announcement  Finance-Commitee  Finance-Reports 
october 2018
September 2018 Newsletter, Volume 128
Check out our September newsletter for information on the OTW's anniversary, the latest volume of Transformative Works and Cultures, what's going on at AO3, and more.
Newsletter  OTW-Sections 
october 2018
Five Things Lex de Leon Said
In Five Things, new Board member Lex deLeon discusses his other roles within the OTW, the importance of caffeine, and SO MANY NEW SHIPS!
Five-Things  Support-Committee  Volunteering 
october 2018
Fanhackers • However, just because new blood has arrived in the...
"However, just because new blood has arrived in the fandom doesn’t mean the old behavior..." “However, just because new blood has arrived in the fandom doesn’t mean the old behavior patterns have vanished. In this, the structure of a microblogging platform plays a role. Tumblr and Twitter aggregate all content made by all users with global tags that are accessible by every user. These porous boundaries between blogs and users, coupled with the ease with which one can retweet or reblog a post to disseminate its contents, mean that fandom and nonfandom parts of a site can easily find each other to exchange ideas, information, and—as may be the case for the introduction of the terms discourse and trigger in lieu of wank and squick—lexical items.”

- Winterwood, Lily. “Discourse Is the New Wank: A Reflection on Linguistic Change in Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,” edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27.
fanhackers 
october 2018
Fanhackers • The separation between fandom as a subcultural...
"The separation between fandom as a subcultural social practice and the mainstreaming of fan culture..." “The separation between fandom as a subcultural social practice and the mainstreaming of fan culture wherein “fannish values and reading practices spread across the entire viewing public” in ways supported by media corporations is noteworthy (Jenkins 2006). In the mainstreaming of fan practice, media industries use the labor of fandom, whose practices have been altered and molded, in service of another group of fans, ultimately for corporate gain. While mainstream fans might become members of fandom, as Jenkins points out, the Star Trek fan film guidelines place fans associated with fandom in the middle of a tug-of-war between corporations and mainstream fans. This tug-of-war parallels the structure of the Axanar case: where Peters might have taken advantage of other fans’ donations and engaged in copyright infringement, the corporation prepares to regift and control fan films, using the labor of one fan group to generate support for mainstream fan platforms. As Stanfill concludes about media industries appropriating fan labor, “The same corporations filing takedown requests on fan transformative works are quite willing to appropriate fan labor by monetizing those works, and they often profit from appropriating other artists who never get to count as artists” (137). In this scenario, neither Peters nor Paramount/CBS seem especially ethical. There is realized and potential exploitation on both sides.”
fanhackers 
october 2018
Fanhackers • The tension between the private act of journaling...
"The tension between the private act of journaling and the public sharing of journal entries via a..." “The tension between the private act of journaling and the public sharing of journal entries via a social network architecture makes LiveJournal a site of performance (Kendall 2007; Lindemann 2005). Busse (2006) observes that women sharing fan fiction with one another through their LiveJournal accounts use affectionate and sometimes sexual language with one another, even if they identify as heterosexual in other contexts. Collaborative online discussions with fan fiction writers and readers confirm that some participants consider LiveJournal fandom communities to constitute a “queer female space” where women can be verbally affectionate with one another (Lothian, Busse, and Reid 2007). Fan cultures do develop norms that may differ from the cultural norms enacted by those same individuals outside the context of fandom.”

- Neill Hoch, Indira. 2018. “Content, Conduct, and Apologies in Tumblr Fandom Tags.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,” edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27.
fanhackers 
september 2018
The OTW is Recruiting for Open Doors, Policy & Abuse, and TWC!
Do you know MySQL? Are you good with people? Do you have experience copyediting or proofreading? The OTW is recruiting for Open Doors, Policy & Abuse, and TWC! Signal boost this to your friends, then click the link to learn more and apply.
Volunteering  Open-Doors-Committee  Abuse-Committee  TWC-Committee 
september 2018
This Week in Fandom, Volume 94
This Week in Fandom: a new trailer for Captain Marvel; an exciting reveal for Fantastic Beasts; gatekeeping and young female fans; and more!
This_Week_in_Fandom  Movies  Fannish-communities  Fannish-Practices 
september 2018
Fanhackers • Fan Fiction vs. Fanfiction – Fansplaining – Medium
Fan Fiction vs. Fanfiction – Fansplaining – Medium Fan Fiction vs. Fanfiction – Fansplaining – Medium:

Is it “fan fiction” or “fanfiction”? Depends on who you ask. Also, on what the dictionary counts as “usage”. Which in turn creates a really interesting power dynamic between those who actually read and write fanfiction (for most of us there’s no space there) and those who write about “fan fiction” (academics, journalists, etc.). Food for thought from Flourish Klink there.
fanhackers 
september 2018
EU Legal Developments, the AO3, and You
OTW Legal has an update on what the September 12th vote on EU copyright legislation--including Article 11 and Article 13--means for fans and for AO3. Learn more, including how you can help, here.
Legal-Advocacy  Intellectual-Property 
september 2018
Fanhackers • TWC No.28: The Future of Fandom
TWC No.28: The Future of Fandom

transformativeworksandcultures:

Editorial
TWC Editor, TWC, past and future

Theory
Paul Booth, Framing alterity: Reclaiming fandom’s marginality
David Peyron, Fandom names and collective identities in contemporary popular culture
Bonnie Ruberg, Straight-washing “Undertale”: Video games and the limits of LGBTQ representation
Eric Andrew James, Using rhetorical criticism to track Twitch Plays Pokémon fans’ attachment to sacrifice
Sarah Elizabeth Lerner, Fan film on the final frontier: Axanar Productions and the limits of fair use in the digital age

Praxis

Naomi Jacobs, Live streaming as participation: A case study of conflict in the digital and physical spaces of “Supernatural” conventionsSky LaRell Anderson, Extraludic narratives: Online communities and video games
Melissa A. Hofmann, Johnlock meta and authorial intent in Sherlock fandom: Affirmational or transformational?
Dorothy Lau, Donnie Yen’s star persona in amateur-produced videos on YouTube

Symposium
Casey Fiesler, Owning the servers: A design fiction exploring the transformation of fandom into “our own”
Nicolle Lamerichs, The next wave in participatory culture: Mixing human and nonhuman entities in creative practices and fandom
Bridget Kies, The ex-fan’s place in fan studies
Brianna Dym, Casey Fiesler, Generations, migrations, and the future of fandom’s private spaces
Shannon K. Farley, Generations, migrations, and the future of fandom’s private spaces
Robin S. Rosenberg, Andrea M. Letamendi, Personality, behavioral, and social heterogeneity within the cosplay community
Bri Mattia, Rainbow Direction and fan-based citizenship performance
Megan Vaughan, Theater criticism, “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child,” and online community
Deborah Krieger, Jewish identity, fan representation, and Yehuda Goldstein in the Potterverse
Cody T. Havard, The impact of the phenomenon of sport rivalry on fans

Review
Melanie E.S. Kohnen, “Old futures: Speculative fiction and queer possibility,” by Alexis Lothian
Lorraine M. Dubuisson, “The fanfiction reader: Folk tales for the digital age,” by Francesca Coppa
J. Caroline Toy, “Participatory memory: Fandom experiences across time and space,” by Liza Potts et al.
Louisa Ellen Stein, Roundtable with Paul Booth, Melissa A. Click, and Suzanne Scott
fanhackers 
september 2018
Transformative Works and Cultures releases No. 28
TWC's 10th anniversary issue, No. 28, The Future of Fandom, is now here! Read about Cursed Child, cosplay, Dark Souls, Johnlock, Pokemon, Rogue One, Undertale, Donnie Yen and book reviews, such as for a fanfiction reader whose royalties support us at the OTW
Transformative-Works-and-Cultures  Academia  Fandoms 
september 2018
Fanhackers • About
About About:

This is a fascinating project looking at using fanfiction tools and techniques to re-imagine academia. Check it out - and do pitch if it’s relevant to your interests!
fanhackers 
september 2018
Fanhackers • Morimoto: I’m going to move on and ask each of...
"Morimoto: I’m going to move on and ask each of you, how do you see Tumblr changing..." “

Morimoto: I’m going to move on and ask each of you, how do you see Tumblr changing fandom?

Brennan: I think Tumblr has made fandom way more accessible, and it feels less niche. It’s not like other social networking, where someone might feel like they have to hide their passions from their family and friends. On Tumblr, no matter what you love, this is the place to connect with people who love it as fiercely as you do. And while other sites may have done that, like LiveJournal or Fanfiction.net, the attention to multimedia posts and reblogging makes fandom feel more rounded and immersive, so you can really dive in and be part of something bigger.



- Morimoto, Lori. 2018. “Roundtable: Tumblr and Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,“edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27. 
fanhackers 
september 2018
OTW Guest Post: Una McCormack
This month's guest Una McCormack has written top selling Star Trek DS9 and Dr Who tie-in novels, and is an academic who has written about fandom, but there's a lot more to discuss when you've spent 40 years among fans
Guest-Post  Commercial-Works-Authors  Television 
september 2018
Five Things Megan Diane Said
In this month's #FiveThings, Megan Diane talks about what it's like to be on both inward-facing and outward-facing #OTW committees, dealing with a full email inbox, and what she's been teaching herself in her spare time: goo.gl/B4Gmev
Five-Things  Volunteers-&-Recruiting 
september 2018
This Week in Fandom, Volume 93
This Week in Fandom: the life of a rarepair shipper; film fandom trends in Korea; an academic study of toxic Star Wars fandom; and more!
This_Week_in_Fandom  Fannish-Histories  Fannish-Practices  Movies  Academia 
september 2018
August 2018 Newsletter, Volume 127
In the August 2018 OTW newsletter: Meet our incoming Directors; kudos to OTW Elections and many other committees for their hard work; new updates to AO3; and more! Click the link for details.
Newsletter  OTW-Sections 
september 2018
Fanhackers • The first space [bad bromance] offers is in the...
"The first space [bad bromance] offers is in the transgressive sexual performance of the writing..." “The first space [bad bromance] offers is in the transgressive sexual performance of the writing itself. If the act of writing utopian, egalitarian slash resists heteronormativity (either because of its queer content or because women are writing sexually explicit fantasies and sharing them with one another), then the act of composing and sharing these darker works does so even more. In many ways, writing utopian slash no longer carries the same subversive charge; it’s no longer an underground, secretive practice. (…) But what about sex that is not safe, not sane, perhaps not consensual? What about fantasies that some consider anti-feminist? What about things that offend others? What about sharing those fantasies in a climate where those who conflate your fantasy with you actual, real-world desires are quick to try and shame you for them? Writing and sharing these darker works challenges the restrictions which both patriarchal and only nominally liberating perspectives attempt to enforce. Like publishing The Story of O, posting these works in and of itself can be a challenge to heteronormative expectations.”

- Fowler, C. A. (2018) “A Bad Bromance: Betrayal, Violence and Dark Delight in Subverting the Romance Narrative”, in Spacey, A. (ed.), The Darker Side of Slash Fan Fiction: Essays on Power, Consent and the Body, Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
fanhackers 
september 2018
Fight Fan-Unfriendly EU Legal Developments–Time to Act!
It's time to act! The EU Parliament is voting on fan-unfriendly copyright proposals Article 11 and Article 13 on September 12. Signal boost this to your friends, and click the link to learn more and find out how you can help.
Legal-Advocacy  Intellectual-Property 
september 2018
Today is the OTW’s 11th Anniversary
Today is the OTW's 11th anniversary! In honour of this event, we've got some fun icons for you to use, and we're holding a giveaway of the new Check Please! Year 2 book. Click the link to learn more.
Event  OTW-Sections 
september 2018
Fanhackers • The two things I think Tumblr really changed are,...
"The two things I think Tumblr really changed are, I think before Tumblr the primary language of..." “

The two things I think Tumblr really changed are, I think before Tumblr the primary language of fandom was text-based, and it was very much fic and filk—very text-oriented. I think Tumblr changed it so that the culture of memes as a form of communication and visual communication really became, not just a primary, but possibly now the primary way that fans communicate—the shorthand fans use. I think Tumblr played a large part in that, because before, platforms were based around text and there wasn’t an easy way to share—and it was before people really got comfortable with GIFs. So, changing to a visual language in fandom is a lot of what I think we can thank Tumblr for.

But I also think there was a lot of fragmentation in fandom pre-Tumblr, specifically because you had different platforms—you had LiveJournal folks, you had Yahoo! Groups folks. And especially if you were in Groups, it was super specific, and you could have a whole community just based around one particular ship and never really venture out into other places. And now Tumblr creates more of a panfandom community where there’s overlap between fandoms, there’s conversation that’s relevant to different fandoms. You can kind of have it all in the same space, while previously it was much more difficult, and it would be discouraged.



- Keidra Chaney in Morimoto, Lori. 2018. “Roundtable: Tumblr and Fandom.” In “Tumblr and Fandom,“edited by Lori Morimoto and Louisa Ellen Stein, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 27.
fanhackers 
september 2018
Election Statistics for 2018
Voter turnout statistics are now available for the 2018 OTW Board of Directors election. Click the link to learn more.
Announcement  Elections 
august 2018
The OTW is Recruiting Elections Staff, Volunteers & Recruiting Staff, and Tag Wranglers!
The OTW is recruiting! The Elections committee needs people, including python coders; the Volunteers & Recruiting committee needs new staff; and AO3 needs tag wranglers. Signal boost this to your friends and click the link to learn more.
Volunteering  Volunteers-&-Recruiting  Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Elections-Committee 
august 2018
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