OTW Guest Post: Henry Jenkins
For our anniversary Henry Jenkins talks fan studies, students, fandom changes over the years & why it's worth fighting for: http://goo.gl/fm19m5
Guest-Post  Academia  Anniversary  Transformative-Works-and-Cultures 
17 hours ago
Fanhackers • Beginning with a general overview of the...
"Beginning with a general overview of the historical roots of slash fan fiction and its theoretical..." “

Beginning with a general overview of the historical roots of slash fan fiction and its theoretical interest to feminist and gender studies scholars, we posit three waves in the relationship between slash and queer culture:

1. Initial woman-centric slash that consciously used male protagonists and male bodies to envision ideal relationships and fantasise about sexual experimentation, often within deeply committed romantic relationships.

2. A politically self-aware movement towards realism that confronted these fantasy men not only with the realities of male bodies and sexualities, but also with the cultural realities of gay lives.

3. Slash fiction that is deeply embedded within a self-defined queer space, neither fantastically creating nor idealising yet othering gay men, but rather writing multiple genders and sexualities as both reflections and fantasies of the complexly diverse community of readers and writers.


Busse, K. and Lothian, A. (2018). “A history of slash sexualities: Debating queer sex, gay politics and media fan cultures”. In Smith, C., Attwood, F. and McNair, B. (Eds.) The Routledge Companion to Media, Sex and Sexuality. Oxon: Routledge.

This is a really neat essay that returns to and updates for the 21st century what I jokingly refer to as the Foundational Question of Fan Studies: why do straight women write about men banging? The breakdown into the three waves is a useful structure both for those who’ve been kicking around slash fandom forever and for those of us who joined somewhere along the way. Busse and Lothian back up their analysis with a range of examples of fan fiction from all three waves, and “which of these have I read” is a fun game to play with this essay.
Fanhackers • New fan studies research - September 19th, 2017
New fan studies research - September 19th, 2017

A weekly list of new/recent fan studies research that’s just been added to the Fan Studies Bibliography. Works are divided into things that are open access (=immediately readable for anyone) and not open access (=behind a paywall or not yet public).

Also make sure to check out the new issue of Transformative Works and Cultures that just came out-individual articles will be included in next week’s update.

If we missed anything or made a mistake, submit a correction and we’ll fix it in next week’s edition. Happy reading!

Open access:

Andò, Romana. 2017. “Girls and the Media: Girlhood Studies Agenda and Prospects in Italy.” Issue: Gender/Sexuality/Italy, 4 (2017). http://ift.tt/2hipQxI

Marjuni, Nasrum, and Andi Bungawati. 2017. “The Perception of Makassar’s Teenagers toward Korean Drama and Music (Case Study on Makassar Korean Lovers Community).” English and Literature Journal 2 (01): 66–80. http://ift.tt/2hgHuFO

Morimoto, Lori. 2017. “‘First Principles’: Hannibal, Affective Economy, and Oppositionality in Fan Studies.” http://ift.tt/2hipR4K

Sieders, Kimberley Johanna Arendina. 2017. “Make Campaigning Great Again: Fan’s Appropriation of the Mythology of Drumpf’s 2016 Presidential Campaign.” MA thesis. http://ift.tt/2hf48hQ

Vojtíšková, Tereza. 2017. “The South Korean Body Factory: Celebrity Culture, Mass Media and Cosmetic Surgery.” BA thesis, Empire State College. http://ift.tt/2hipSpk

Not open access:

Biggin, Rose. 2017. “Fan Interactivity: Communicating Immersive Experience.” In Immersive Theatre and Audience Experience, 97–112. Springer. http://ift.tt/2heCWzV

Chen, Lu. 2017. Chinese Fans of Japanese and Korean Pop Culture: Nationalistic Narratives and International Fandom. Routledge. http://ift.tt/2hipTto

Hutchinson, Jonathon. 2017. “Alternative Forms of Participation in Media Organizations.” In Cultural Intermediaries, 175–200. Springer. http://ift.tt/2hfTQ1d

Jang, Won ho, and Jung Eun Song. 2017. “The Influences of K-Pop Fandom on Increasing Cultural Contact: With the Case of Philippine Kpop Convention, Inc.” 지역사회학 18: 29–56. http://ift.tt/2hipU0q
2 days ago
25 Things to Know About the OTW
We've been around a while now, so as part of celebrating #otw10 here are 25 things to know about the OTW! https://goo.gl/FuuMWS
Event  Anniversary  OTW-Sections  Fannish-Histories 
3 days ago
Transcript of OTW 10th Anniversary Chat with Seanan McGuire & Martha Wells
Did you miss our chat with Seanan McGuire & Martha Wells? If so check out the transcript of their talk https://goo.gl/Q3Wu6P
Event  Books  Communications-Committee  Anniversary 
4 days ago
Fanhackers • TWC No. 25 is published
TWC No. 25 is published


Table of Content

Editor, Copyright and Open AccessTheory
Catherine Coker, The margins of print? Fan fiction as book history
E. J. Nielsen, Christine de Pizan’s The Book of the City of Ladies as reclamatory fan work
Lesley Autumn Willard, From co-optation to commission: A diachronic perspective on the development of fannish literacy through Teen Wolf’s Tumblr promotional campaigns
Shannon Howard, Surrendering authorial agency and practicing transindividualism in Tumblr’s role-play communities
Milena Popova, “When the RP gets in the way of the F”: Star Image and intertextuality in real person(a) fiction
Dan Vena, Rereading Superman as a trans f/manPraxis
Lauren B. Collister, Transformative (h)activism: Breast cancer awareness and the World of Warcraft Running of the Gnomes
Ludi Price and Lyn Robinson, Fan fiction in the library
Rachel Elizabeth Linn, Bodies in horrifying hurt/comfort fan fiction: Paying the toll
Victoria Godwin, Theme park as interface to the wizarding (story) world of Harry Potter
Sophie Gwendolyn Einwächter amd Felix M. Simon, How digital remix and fan culture helped the Lego comeback
Seth M. Walker, Subversive drinking: Remixing copyright with free beerSymposium
Kevin D. Ball, Fan labor, speculative fiction, and video game lore in the Bloodborne community
Babak Zarin, “Can I take your picture?“—Privacy in cosplay
Kelli Marshall, Milk and mythology in Singin’ in the Rain
Liza Potts, A case of Sherlockian identity: Irregulars, feminists, and millennialsReview
Bethan Jones, Post-object fandom: Television, identity and self-narrative, by Rebecca Williams
Amanda D. Odom, Role playing materials, by Rafael Bienia
Kathryn Hemmann, Anime fan communities: Transcultural flows and frictions, by Sandra Annett
Sandra Annett, Boys love manga and beyond: History, culture, and community in Japan, edited by Mark McLelland et al.Transformative Works and Cultures (TWC), ISSN 1941-2258, is an online-only Gold Open Access publication of the nonprofit Organization for Transformative Works. TWC is a member of DOAJ. Contact the Editor with questions.
4 days ago
Transcript for 10th Anniversary Chat with Christina Lauren and Catherine Roach
Did you miss our chat with Christina Lauren & Catherine Roach? If so check out the transcript of their talk! https://goo.gl/8DR1PG
Event  Anniversary  Books  Communications-Committee 
5 days ago
Transformative Works and Cultures releases No. 25
TWC's issue 25 is out! Essay topics include book history, women's writing, Teen Wolf, World of Warcraft, Sherlock, cosplay, Lego, Harry Potter & more
Transformative-Works-and-Cultures  Announcement  Journal-Committee  Fandoms  Academia  Studies 
6 days ago
Five Things Naomi Novik Said
As part of our Five Things an OTW Volunteer Said series, we have a special anniversary edition with OTW co-founder Naomi Novik. She discusses its evolution during her 10 yrs volunteering for it: https://goo.gl/nJXJrY
Five-Things  OTW-Board  Fannish-Histories 
8 days ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 62
This Week in Fandom: The author of My Immortal and her story, the Not Now I'm Reading podcast talks fanfic and AO3, and more
This_Week_in_Fandom  Activism  Books  Fanfiction  Fannish-communities  Fannish-Histories  Podcasts 
9 days ago
Transcript of the 10th Anniversary Chat with Lev Grossman
Did you miss the chat with author Lev Grossman? If so you can check out the transcript of his talk at https://goo.gl/KGa7sw
Event  Anniversary  Books  Television  Communications-Committee 
11 days ago
Fanhackers • But in the middle of the decade, one manga and its...
"But in the middle of the decade, one manga and its anime not only saved dōjinshi fandom from near..." “

But in the middle of the decade, one manga and its anime not only saved dōjinshi fandom from near extinction but was responsible for its biggest boom yet. Takahashi Yōichi’s Captain Tsubasa (1981–88, Kyaputen tsubasa), about boys competing in the then-exotic sport of soccer, felt like a mixture of shōnen and shōjo manga in its depiction of both competition and friendship between boys (in contrast to thegekiga-esque martial arts manga that had formerly dominated the sports genre). From 1986, bishōnen soccer stars’ homo erotic and homosexual dōjinshi exploits stoked female fans and creators’ fantasies and shifted yaoi to the center of female otaku-ism, which today is known as fujoshi culture. Within a year, attendance at Comike nearly doubled (to approximately sixty thousand in winter 1987), and a majority of attendees were again women. Popular titles like Seint Seiya (1986–90) and the anime Ronin Warriors (1988–89, Yoroiden samurai trooper) held women’s interest after Captain Tsubasa ended serialization.

In contrast to the earlier aniparo phenomenon, the yaoi boom was dominated by young women just out of high school who—unlike their counterparts in earlier decades—now had everything they needed to create dōjinshi: manga drawing techniques and tools. Photocopiers had become common, and an entire rapid-printing industry had arisen, offering all-inclusive services from manuscript touchup to professional offset printing, to delivery direct to Comike for reasonable prices. New dōjinshi conventions appeared, and manga shops began selling dōjinshi on commission. Comparatively lush, custom-made, oversized dōjinshi with more than one hundred pages became common, and popular circles could now live on their fanworks’ profits.

- Fan-Yi Lam, Comic Market: How the World’s Biggest Amateur Comic Fair Shaped Japanese Dōjinshi Culture
11 days ago
August 2017 Newsletter, Volume 116
In the OTW August newsletter: Election success, legal advocacy & the DMCA, updates to AO3, and more!
Newsletter  OTW-Sections 
13 days ago
The OTW is Recruiting Abuse, Communications, and Systems Committee Staffers and Tag Wrangling Volunteers!
Are you a Linux pro? Want to wrangle tags or help Ao3 users w/ issues? Are you a Comms master? OTW is recruiting! https://goo.gl/nmGdnu
Announcement  Volunteering 
15 days ago
Fanhackers • New fan studies research - September 5th, 2017
New fan studies research - September 5th, 2017

A weekly list of new/recent fan studies research that’s just been added to the Fan Studies Bibliography. Works are divided into things that are open access (=immediately readable for anyone) and not open access (=behind a paywall or not yet public).

If we missed anything or made a mistake, submit a correction and we’ll fix it in next week’s edition. Happy reading!

Open access

Möller, Jessica. 2017. “A Look at Improvement Possibilities of Online Dating Considering Personal Interests and Fandoms.” Accessed September 5. http://ift.tt/2vIRazk

Nugraha, Raindra Yudha. 2017. “Subtitling Strategies of Taboo Words Used in Fans Sub and Pro Sub in ‘The Wolf of Wall Street’ Movie.” Dian Nuswantoro University. http://ift.tt/2wEDX7R

Pillai, Meena T. 2017. “The Many Misogynies of Malayalam Cinema.” Economic & Political Weekly 52 (33): 53. http://ift.tt/2vIwasB

Russell, N’Donna Rashi. 2017. “Make-up!: The Mythic Narrative and Transformation as a Mechanism for Personal and Spiritual Growth in Magical Girl (Mahō Shōjo) Anime.” Thesis. http://ift.tt/2wEktAz

Shepherd, Dustin L. 2017. “The Functionality of Reboots.” MA thesis. http://ift.tt/2vIr4N0

Yildiz, Buket Nur, and others. 2017. “K-Wave Experience in Turkey-Handling Subjugation in a Patriarchal Society.” http://ift.tt/2wEIA1O  

Not open access

Brown, Kenon A., Andrew C. Billings, Breann Murphy, and Luis Puesan. 2017. “Intersections of Fandom in the Age of Interactive Media: ESports Fandom as a Predictor of Traditional Sport Fandom.” Communication & Sport, August, 2167479517727286. doi:10.1177/2167479517727286

Brown-Devlin, Natalie, Michael B. Devlin, and Phillip W. Vaughan. 2017. “Why Fans Act That Way: Using Individual Personality to Predict BIRGing and CORFing Behaviors.” Communication & Sport, August, 2167479517725011. doi:10.1177/2167479517725011

Castellano, Mayka, and Heitor Leal Machado. 2017. “‘Please Come to Brazil!’ The Practices of RuPaul’s Drag Race’s Brazilian Fandom.” In RuPaul’s Drag Race and the Shifting Visibility of Drag Culture, 167–77. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-50618-0_12

Jowett, Lorna, Stacey Abbott, and Bronwen Calvert. 2017. “Buffy at 20 - a Round Table Discussion with Some Senior Scoobies.” University of Huddersfield. http://ift.tt/2vIr67A.  
16 days ago
Today is the OTW's 10th Anniversary
Today's our 10th anniversary but we have events planned ALL month. Check out our schedule & make some plans to join us:
Event  OTW-Sections  Anniversary 
17 days ago
The Alpha Gate is Moving the the AO3!
The Alpha Gate, a Stargate SG-1 fanfiction archive, is being imported to AO3! Learn more here.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction 
20 days ago
Elections Statistics for 2017
Voter turnout statistics are now available for the 2017 OTW Board election. Find out more here: https://goo.gl/kRRFs9
Announcement  Elections  Report 
21 days ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 61
This Week in Fandom: The New Yorker's article on fanfic, New York Times bestseller scandal in YA fiction, "El Patito" & more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Books  Fanfiction  Fannish-endings  Gender-and-Sexuality 
22 days ago
Fanhackers • Shipping idols together is a common pastime in...
"Shipping idols together is a common pastime in Asian idol fandom. The first episode of SNL Korea..." “Shipping idols together is a common pastime in Asian idol fandom. The first episode of SNL Korea featured a skit recreating the events of a famous boy band fan fiction story. There’s international academic scholarship on idol femslash (Yang and Bao 2012). Idol shipping is fairly popular even outside of Asia. On the highest ranked international K-pop fan site, Allkpop (http://www.allkpop.com/), articles have titles such as “10 of the Most Popular K-Pop Fan-Fictions Out There,” “11 Ships You Wish Were Real,” and “7 Times Hani Proved to Be Totally Shippable.” On the J-pop fan forum site JPHIP (http://forum.jphip.com/), there are two forums dedicated to idol pairings and about half a dozen forums and archives dedicated to idol fan fiction. The lesbiansubtextinkpop Tumblr posted over 2,300 posts from 2011 to 2013. On the Archive of Our Own (AO3; http://ift.tt/1ffprbE), there are over 6,000 fan stories tagged J-pop, over 60,000 tagged K-pop, and several dozen tagged C-pop.”
- Lin, Elaine Han. 2017. “Unseen International Music Idol Femslash.” In “Queer Female Fandom,” edited by Julie Levin Russo and Eve Ng, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 24.
25 days ago
Want to talk about Fanworks & Fan Communities?
The OTW’s Fanlore Committee will be holding an open house to chat about Fanworks and Fan Communities with you on Sunday, September 3 from 19:00 to 21:00 UTC. Come talk about your favorites and the ones you've known. Check out the pages for them on Fanlore and brainstorm suggestions for more information that could be added to the site!
Fanlore  Announcement  Event 
26 days ago
OTW Guest Post: Mel Stanfill
Mel Stanfill wrote about fan labor in 2014 and about femslash in 2017. We take a look at fandom then & now https://goo.gl/qiUhYL
Transformative-Works-and-Cultures  Academia  Fannish-Histories  Fannish-Practices  Guest-Post 
28 days ago
Fanhackers • In football, “no single game ever represents the...
"In football, “no single game ever represents the game for players or spectators”..." “In football, “no single game ever represents the game for players or spectators” (Hughson and Free 2006, 76), as each game is part of the narrative of the season or the tournament, and each season or tournament is part of the seasons or tournaments that came before it and that will come after. These games rotate around the comings, goings, and doings of the players (and managers) that perform in them. In combination, these two elements are what keep football engaging and entertaining to the majority of its fans. They are heavily discussed and promoted in all facets of the football media, contributing to an ongoing, long-term interest in the narratives by the fans who continually discuss and debate them. As a result, to truly understand football, one must look at not only the 90 minutes of the match but also the surrounding media, which function as necessary paratexts.”

Waysdorf, Abby. 2015. “The Creation of Football Slash Fan Fiction.” In “European Fans and European Fan Objects: Localization and Translation,” edited by Anne Kustritz, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 19.

In this paper, Abby Waydorf goes beyond the traditional conception of the authentic sports fan as someone who is not affected my the media spectacle surrounding the sport. She uses the case study of Football (soccer!) RPF to show how a range of authentic fannish engagements are possible, and how mediation of sports - like the marketing of individual star players, and wider narratives spanning multiple seasons - makes European football (and other sports) really attractive to fan fiction writers. In sports, we find characters and story arcs similar to those we love in our favourite TV shows. Players rise from obscurity to stardom, are traded and build relationships within their teams, retire in glory or back in obscurity. Teams have intense rivalries, they win and lose games, championships and trophies. Those are all classic elements that fan fiction writers can pick up on and take as the jumping-off point for fic, just like we use characters and plots from other media. These expressions of fandom are no less authentic (though they are frequently denigrated and marginalised) than attending games, wearing your team’s scarf, and cheering them on through their ups and downs.
29 days ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 60
This Week in Fandom: Orphan Black and its Clone Club, legal issues with celebrity avatars in virtual reality, and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Television  Technology  Fannish-communities  Intellectual-Property 
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • […] fans are well positioned for politicization...
"[…] fans are well positioned for politicization because they already have communities built..." “[…] fans are well positioned for politicization because they already have communities built around the kinds of intense affective investments that often drive political action, which has greatly facilitated the organization of HPA and the Nerdfighters. HPA is the most prominent of these civic-minded fan groups, with chapters in 300 community institutions nationwide and abroad; its members engage in a wide variety of cultural, educational, philanthropic, and more traditional political activities that often overlap and converge.”
- McCracken, Allison. 2017. By Any Media Necessary: The New Youth Activism, by Henry Jenkins et al. [book review]. In “Queer Female Fandom,” edited by Julie Levin Russo and Eve Ng, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 24.
4 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Media fandom is an ephemeral culture, and online...
"Media fandom is an ephemeral culture, and online fandom even more so. A printed zine from the 1970s..." “Media fandom is an ephemeral culture, and online fandom even more so. A printed zine from the 1970s may last longer than a story published online in the last six months. In fact, continual changes in publication preference and fannish infrastructure have impacted the accessibility and permanence of fan fiction: zines may have a much lower initial circulation, but hard copies have a permanence that newsgroup posts, mailing-list e-mails, or blog posts may lack. Even as fandom as a whole has become more widely accepted and openly public, distribution patterns have moved away from public archives toward individual fan archiving, which allows writers to maintain greater control.”

Versaphile. 2011. “Silence in the Library: Archives and the Preservation of Fannish History.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 6.

This piece by fan writer and archivist Vesaphile is a great overview of the technical challenges fannish communities have historically faced in the preservation of our fan works, culture, and history. Published in 2011, it covers everything from zines and bulletin boards to mailing lists and LiveJournal. It predates fandom’s big migration to Tumblr and only touches on the Archive of Our Own, but it also makes some quite prescient comments about the ways in which fannish online presence and archiving efforts might develop. Versaphile speaks from her own lived experience as a long-time fan archivist, and it’s great to see that knowledge recognised and preserved in an academic journal.
5 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 59
This Week in Fandom: Hugo Awards wins for women of colour, casting news for the Good Omens tv series, and more.
This_Week_in_Fandom  Books  Television  Music  Gender-and-Sexuality  Race-Ethnicity-and-Nationality 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • New fan studies research - August 15th, 2017
New fan studies research - August 15th, 2017

A weekly list of new/recent fan studies research that’s just been added to the Fan Studies Bibliography. Works are divided into things that are open access (=immediately readable for anyone) and not open access (=behind a paywall or not yet public).

If we missed anything or made a mistake, submit a correction and we’ll fix it in next week’s edition. Happy reading!

Open access

Cavcic, Antonija. 2017. “Boys’ Love for the Love of It: Progressive Prosumers and the Proliferation of Queer Culture through Manga.” PhD dissertation, Murdoch University. http://ift.tt/2x1VvtE

Kolehmainen, Pekka. 2017. “Social Media Narratives as Political Fan Fiction in the 2016 US Presidential Election.” European Journal of American Studies 12 (12–2). http://ift.tt/2w7Pn6Q

Valero Porras, María José; Cassany, Daniel. 2017. “Translation by Fans for Fans : Organization and Practices in a Spanish-Language Community of Scanlation.” BiD: Textos Universitaris de Biblioteconomia i Documentació, no. 38

Yang, Benny Chen-heng. 2017. “Why Godzilla? The Factors for Global Fame of Tokusatsu Giant Monsters.” International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Science 5 (5). http://ift.tt/2x1D34o

Not open access

Buozis, Michael. 2017. “Doxing or Deliberative Democracy? Evidence and Digital Affordances in the Serial SubReddit.” Convergence, August, 1354856517721809. doi:10.1177/1354856517721809

Carviou, James. 2017. “Modern Family and Family Guy: Representation and Relevancy among Twitter Fans.” PhD dissertation, University of Iowa. http://ift.tt/2w7Sb3V

Creekmur, Corey, Melanie Kohnen, Jonathan McIntosh, Lori Morimoto, Katherine Morrissey, Suzanne Scott, and Louisa Stein. 2017. “Roundtable: Remix and Videographic Criticism.” Cinema Journal 56 (4): 159–84. doi:10.1353/cj.2017.0044

Kyriakidou, Maria, Michael Skey, Julie Uldam, and Patrick McCurdy. 2017. “Media Events and Cosmopolitan Fandom: ‘Playful Nationalism’in the Eurovision Song Contest.” International Journal of Cultural Studies, 1367877917720238. http://ift.tt/2x1QRMq

Wu, Jingsi Christina. 2017. “Voting for the Next Super Girl and Political Talk.” In Entertainment and Politics in Contemporary China, 89–130. East Asian Popular Culture. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-48264-4_3
5 weeks ago
2017 Election Results
The Elections Committee is proud to present the following new Directors: Claire P. Baker, Danielle Strong, and Jessie Camboulives. Learn more here.
Announcement  Elections 
5 weeks ago
The Fandom Haven Story Archive is Moving to the AO3
The Fandom Haven Story Archive, a multifandom fanfiction archive, is being imported to AO3. Learn more here.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction  Announcement 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • During the 2006–7 television season, the...
"During the 2006–7 television season, the production team and cast for Grey’s Anatomy (2005–)..." “

During the 2006–7 television season, the production team and cast for Grey’s Anatomy (2005–) dealt with a series of unfortunate industry events that significantly affected the writers’ room, cast, and ongoing story lines of the show. An actor uttered a homophobic slur, which received wide media coverage, and which ultimately led Grey’s Anatomy to create a compelling, true-to-life lesbian story line.

This essay examines the discourse surrounding these events, including news reports and audience reaction to the story lines developed in response to the scandal. The LGBT fan community I examine here is Erica_Callie, a LiveJournal (LJ) community, which was highly active during the 2008–9 TV season, with over 1,800 individual posts and tens of thousands of comments.

The production response to real-life events relies on underlying production-culture knowledge of media concepts, such as authenticity, audience identification, and emotional realism, as a remedy for the damage inflicted by the scandal on both the show and the affected LGBT audience. The development of the lesbian story line in Grey’s Anatomy was an act of industry public relations; the story line was constructed to develop and resonate with LGBT audiences.

- Zuk, Tanya D. 2017. “Coming Out on Grey’s Anatomy: Industry Scandal, Constructing a Lesbian Story Line, and Fan Action.” In “Queer Female Fandom,” edited by Julie Levin Russo and Eve Ng, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 24.
5 weeks ago
Five Things Chien Said
In Five Things Chien discusses life as an OTW volunteer without wifi, & how her work can be a conversation starter
Translation-Committee  Five-Things 
5 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Corporate sales, creator identity, and audience...
"Corporate sales, creator identity, and audience heterogeneity lead yuri to an awkward place in terms..." “Corporate sales, creator identity, and audience heterogeneity lead yuri to an awkward place in terms of genre identity. Is yuri the schoolgirl romance created by men for a male audience who consider love between girls pure, or is it the girl’s romance that has roots in S literature for a female audience who fondly remember their days admiring upperclassmen at all-girls schools? Or is it for lesbians, whose stories are nominally acknowledged in narratives of self-awareness of love for a member of the same sex or feelings of being different, without any use of the word lesbian? The heterogeneity of creator and audience causes difficulty in both definition and scholarship. Who gets to define yuri?”

Friedman, Erica. 2017. “On Defining Yuri.” In “Queer Female Fandom,” edited by Julie Levin Russo and Eve Ng, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 24.

This piece looks at the history of and the different influences on yuri - the Japanese genre depicting love and relationships between women. Friedman’s main point is that the creators, publishers, and audiences for yuri are hugely diverse and frequently have diverging interests, resulting in a genre (or possibly collection of genres) that is difficult to pin down. Some works are aimed women (queer and/or straight), some are aimed at straight men, some depict love between women without touching on lesbian and queer identities, some are by lesbian creators, though many are not. The paper is relatively short and covers a lot of ground - I’d love to see a longer piece elaborating on some of the aspects this only hints at.
6 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 58
This Week in Fandom: Betsy Rosenblatt & Francesca Coppa on podcasts, Mary Sues vs Gary Stus, and why you need to know your fandom history
This_Week_in_Fandom  Fannish-Practices  Gender-and-Sexuality  Podcasts  Fan-conventions  Intellectual-Property  OTW-Sightings 
6 weeks ago
Release Notes 0.9.194 - 0.9.198: Change Log
The Archive is now running on Rails 4.2! \o/ This took a lot of effort, and we want to thank everyone involved for their work (and our donors for allowing us to pay a contractor for part of it). We also fixed a handful of bugs, got closer to full https support, and continued improving our automated tests. Next up: Rails 5 and 5.1!

Please note: Starting with this release, you won't be able to submit a support request without supplying an email address. This doesn't have to be the address associated with your account, but our Support personnel does need a way to contact you if you have a question. Please help us help you!
Archive-of-Our-Own  release_notes 
6 weeks ago
AO3 Top History Pages - September 8 2013
Top 10 Histories

145,816 items
82,513 items
50,548 items
43,963 items
37,419 items
36,962 items
35,892 items
34,422 items
27,815 items
25,775 items
The average across all users is 492 items, or 25 pages. (Note: 6,590 users have disabled the history feature in their preferences. We currently have ~204,000 registered accounts.)
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report 
6 weeks ago
Archive Page Views and Stats - 2012
On Monday, we welcomed our 160,000th user, shortly followed by the 700,000th work uploaded to the Archive. On the weekend, we watched the official fandom count break the 12,000 mark.

The same weekend, we had our busiest Sunday yet, with 5,250,000 page views. The whole week saw a new record traffic of 32,600,000 page views total. This means that in any given minute, 3,000-5,000 pages (works, tag lists, user profiles, custom search results…) are simultaneously assembled for users
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report 
6 weeks ago
How many activated users the Archive has - 2012
We currently have 114,390 account holding users on the Archive and 3,747 more waiting for invitations in the queue. We invite 750 of those users every day, in addition to the invitations that our account holding users give away to their friends!
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report 
6 weeks ago
How much email the Archive generates 2012
So far, in the first five days of the New Year the Archive has sent out over 313,000 emails! In addition, we send on average 1.5 million emails every month!
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report 
6 weeks ago
AO3 Ticket Stats 2012
In this post, I’m going to summarise the types of tickets received, what categories they fall under, and the general trends we witness. But first, some explanation of the process.
Spotlight  Support-Committee  Archive-of-Our-Own 
6 weeks ago
Posting a multi-chapter work 2013
Find the “This work has multiple chapters” option in the posting form, ticky the box, and a little form will appear that lets you enter an optional chapter title.

You can also fill in the expected number of total chapters. If you don’t know yet when your work in progress will be done, just leave in the question mark.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Resources-for-Fans  AO3-Unlocked 
6 weeks ago
Traffic Stats March 2014
Daily traffic stats for March, with a vertical bar for each day, representing pages served per minute. The weekends are marked in red. Sundays are the busiest days, reaching close to 6,000 pages per minute on average. Thursdays and Fridays are the slowest, sloping down to 5,000 ppm. The overall effect for the whole month is a zig-zig shape with little valleys between the weekends.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report 
6 weeks ago
Share AO3 works and bookmarks on Tumblr
There’s also a Tumblr option for sharing bookmarks that will automatically include any notes you’ve added to that bookmark. You can find the Share button for bookmarks on your bookmarks page, right by the options for editing or deleting a particular bookmark (using the regular Share button on top of the work won’t copy your notes).
Archive-of-Our-Own  Resources-for-Fans  AO3-Unlocked 
6 weeks ago
July 2017 Newsletter, Volume 115
In the July 2017 Newsletter: Elections are almost here & OTW at ComicCon and on the air
6 weeks ago
September of Stats 2016
Over the next few weeks, we’ll be posting charts and infographics showing AO3 traffic, work/bookmark/kudos stats, and overall growth of the Archive in 2014 and 2015, with a particular focus on international usage trends (where possible).

At the end, all graphics will be collected in a round-up post at the AO3 News, along with the raw data we used to create them, so if you’d like to get in on the infographic fun, you can!
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report 
6 weeks ago
Support Tickets 2016
Our record month was January 2015, with 784 tickets. A year ago (August 2014), Support handled 541 tickets; in August 2015 it was 679.

Support collaborates with the Translation committee to provide support in several languages other than English. In the 12 months between August 2014 and August 2015, the Chinese team provided translations of user emails and Support replies for 34 tickets, followed by the Spanish team with 25 tickets, and the Russian team with 9.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
Traffic Growth from 2012 to 2015
The above chart shows all weekly page views, beginning in the last week of June, 2012, and ending in the last week of August, 2015. Traffic has grown considerably over the years! Significant traffic spikes can be seen in December and January, when a lot of users have more time to browse the Archive or post their fanworks:
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
Emails Sent Per Hour 2016
Most hours, we processed somewhere between 10,000 and 15,000 emails, with a spike between 3am and 4am on Monday (when was that where I live?) when we sent out 22,219 emails. That’s 370 emails a minute, or 6 emails a second.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
The ten languages (other than English) with the most works on the Archive,
Russian: 30,512
Spanish: 16,164
Chinese: 8,817
French: 8,110
Italian: 6,186
Polish: 4,399
German: 4,296
Indonesian: 2,850
Portuguese (Brazilian): 2,493
Korean: 847
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
Countries By Average Sessions 2016
The country generating the most traffic is the US, with 17,500 average sessions during that quarter. The next few countries are the UK (3,180), Canada (2,010), Australia (1,450), and Germany (960). In South America, Brazil comes out on top with 237 average sessions, in Africa it’s South Africa with 82, and in Asia the Philippines with 369.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
Chart of Translation Teams Working with Support
Following our post on support tickets and ticket languages, here’s a chart of Translation teams that have worked with Support (in two parts for readability).

Listed are the number of volunteers in each team, counted after each recruitment drive since September 2013. As volunteers join or leave the organisation, team sizes fluctuate over time, but a general upward trend is evident. More languages, bigger teams, more to do!
Archive-of-Our-Own  Translation-Committee  Report  Support-Committee 
6 weeks ago
AO3 celebrated a new milestone: 20,000 fandoms!
At 3:30 UTC December 10, AO3 celebrated a new milestone: 20,000 fandoms!

Our 20,000th, Ghosts of Culloden Moor Series - L. L. Muir, couldn’t have done it alone – three other fandoms were added in rapid succession to help push the Archive over the threshold, with more still added since.
Announcement  Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Archive-of-Our-Own 
6 weeks ago
Recent Changes to Canonical Character Tags for Tolkien Fandom on AO3
The AO3 Tag Wranglers have recently updated the canonical character and relationship tags in the various Tolkien fandoms to better comply with the existing Wrangling Guidelines. None of these changes will affect the tags you can use on your works; this will only affect the tags you see when browsing the Archive and the tags that appear in the drop-down when tagging works in Tolkien subfandoms. Read on for a summary of the changes.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Announcement 
6 weeks ago
Make sure your email is up to date!
Friendly reminder to check your AO3 account’s email address!

If you need to update it but notice the page is missing a place to enter your password, we’re sorry! This is a known issue, but there is a workaround:
Announcement  AO3-Unlocked  Archive-of-Our-Own 
6 weeks ago
“Haven” is now “Haven (TV)”
We’ve recently changed Haven’s fandom tag to “Haven (TV)” in accordance with our disambiguation guidelines. All works previously tagged with plain “Haven” will appear in that filter, so you don’t need to do anything. You can change to the new canonical, but that’s completely optional – all your works will appear under the new tag no matter what.
Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement 
6 weeks ago
Changes to X-Men movie tags
Currently, X-Men (Movieverse) serves as the metatag for the following fandoms:

X-Men (Movies)
X-Men: First Class (2011)
X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014)
Wolverine (Movies)
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
6 weeks ago
Changes to Tortall Fandom Tags on AO3
Tamora Pierce’s Tortall universe is currently composed of six subfandoms: Provost’s Dog, Song of the Lioness, The Immortals, Protector of the Small, Tricksters, and Student of Ostriches. All of the subfandoms are being combined into the single existing “Tortall - Tamora Pierce” fandom.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
6 weeks ago
Comments per user in 2016
Inspired by this post by toastystats on the subject of account activity, our volunteer sysadmin zz9pzza spent some time digging into our database for answers (on August 27, to be precise). Frontend coder bingeling turned all the numbers into some pretty graphs. ♥
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
Daily traffic stats for June, measured in total page views for that day:
Sundays and Mondays are the busiest days, Fridays are the slowest. (We got similar results when we collected daily traffic stats in May 2014.)

On our busiest Sunday (June 7), we served 13.8 million pages, or an average of 9,600 pages per minute. On our slowest Fridays (June 5 and 12), that number went down to 11.8 million, or 8,200 pages per minute.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Report  Resources-for-Fans 
6 weeks ago
Hello Hetalia Lovers!
In order to make Hetalia fanworks on AO3 more accessible - and to bring our character and relationship tags into compliance with current tag wrangling guidelines - the Hetalia wranglers will be making some changes to character and relationship tags. Many of you may have noticed that some of these changes have already begun. Please note that this is only a change in how tags are wrangled; the tags on your works and bookmarks will not change.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement  Tag-Wrangling-Committee 
6 weeks ago
Marvel Fandoms on AO3: Small Makeover to Help the Unicorns Run Free
Hi Marvel fans! Your hard-working AO3 Marvel wranglers have voted unanimously to make one change to the Marvel fandom tags to help the servers (and their unicorns) run more smoothly. This will mean fewer errors when you try to access the site and fewer indexing problems for Marvel-tagged works.

We will be removing the extra middle layer tag “Marvel (Movies)”. That tag will become a synonym of the existing plain “Marvel” tag. All 13 unrelated movies/franchises directly subtagged to it will be moved up to be subtagged directly to plain “Marvel” if they don’t already have another Marvel metatag (most do).
Archive-of-Our-Own  Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Announcement 
6 weeks ago
Ang Mga Tag ng Buhay Kolehiyo sa AO3
Buhay Kolehiyo fans, welcome to the Archive of Our Own (AO3)! We’re so glad you joined us. \o/

We think we have your tags wrangled. The fandom tag where you can find all the works is “Academia (Anthropomorphic)”. You can tag your own works with that or with “Buhay Kolehiyo” - they will both go to the same place.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement  Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Translation-Committee 
6 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Queerbaiting is the outcome of increased...
"Queerbaiting is the outcome of increased paratextual discourse about LGBT content at a specific..." “Queerbaiting is the outcome of increased paratextual discourse about LGBT content at a specific moment of queer contextuality. We might be tempted to reserve the term, in the sense that I use it, for media texts that fail to have canonically queer characters despite textual and paratextual content that suggests the possibility. However, doing so would not explain why The 100, with a canonical F/F couple, has also been widely cited as an example of queerbaiting. The crucial element is not a lack of canonicity, but how satisfactorily queerness plays out in the canonical text relative to viewer expectations that emerge from the reading of multiple texts and paratexts and that take account of queer contextuality.”
- Ng, Eve. 2017. “Queerbaiting and the Contemporary Media Landscape in Rizzoli & Isles and The 100.” In “Queer Female Fandom,” edited by Julie Levin Russo and Eve Ng, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 24.
6 weeks ago
The "Search Within Results" Field and You: The Round-Up
This concludes our little series in advanced searching and browsing! As always, all the tricks and little hacks mentioned here are very much optional. Simply clicking your way through the Archive tags and playing around with the existing filter options will already give you what you're looking for in the vast majority of cases.

For those wanting to build more complicated searches, here's all information in handy list format:

The "Search Within Results" Field and You, Part 1
The "Search Within Results" Field and You, Part 2
Tag IDs for your convenience:
Archive-of-Our-Own  Resources-for-Fans  AO3-Unlocked 
6 weeks ago
Fanhackers • Slash - even more so than gay romance - is the...
"Slash - even more so than gay romance - is the ultimate fictional expression of erotic faith. The..." “Slash - even more so than gay romance - is the ultimate fictional expression of erotic faith. The romance heroes in these stories fall so in love with their male friend or partner, so embrace the religion of erotic faith, that they can’t help committing themselves as lovers. These male heroes may not understand themselves as “really” gay and may be portrayed as heterosexual men whose beloved simply happens to be another man. But the love these men discover for each other is strong enough to defeat patriarchy’s chief rule that a man must be straight. In a society that preaches the religion of erotic faith - where love provides meaning and fulfillment as the path to the promised land - the ultimate test of erotic faith is for a heterosexual alpha male to willingly and openly love in a romantic way another such male. To do so is much riskier than the expected path of loving a woman, for it is to breach the great taboo against same-sex male love that defines patriarchal masculinity.”

Roach, C. M. (2016). Happily Ever After: The Romance Story in Popular Culture. Indiana University Press.

Remember Catherine Roach and her breakdown of the key elements of the romance story? Towards the end of her book, Roach turns to gay romance and slash fan fiction. There has of course been a fair amount of fannish meta written about the exact relationship between slash and queer sexualities, and some academic research too. Roach’s perspective is as someone who is primarily a romance scholar (and writer), not a fan studies scholar, so she perhaps emphasises different aspects of slash to those fans and fan studies scholard to. What do you think?
7 weeks ago
This Week in Fandom, Volume 57
This week in fandom: Hype for Dream Daddy, the psychological benefits of being a fan, and the bad & good of Fandom Fest
This_Week_in_Fandom  Television  Gender-and-Sexuality  Fan-conventions  Fannish-communities  Gaming 
7 weeks ago
The Collators’ Den is Moving to the AO3
The Collators' Den, a Life on Mars (UK) and Ashes to Ashes fanfiction archive, is coming to the AO3! Learn more here.
Open-Doors-Committee  Fanfiction 
7 weeks ago
Happy SysAdmin Day 2017!
It's SysAdmin Day and the OTW has a lot of things to thank its systems team for. You can add your voice as well! https://goo.gl/vn8m3c
Event  Systems-Committee  Spotlight 
7 weeks ago
Members – Check Your Email for Voting Instructions
OTW Elections voting instructions have been e-mailed to all members. Find out what to do if you didn't get yours
Announcement  Elections 
8 weeks ago
Fanhackers • SwanQueen creates a space where female concerns,...
"SwanQueen creates a space where female concerns, even queer distress, are not merely brushed aside..." “SwanQueen creates a space where female concerns, even queer distress, are not merely brushed aside but discussed and dealt with—discussions that I and other fans find pleasurable in many ways.”
- Strauch, Sandra. 2017. “Once Upon a Time in Queer Fandom.” In “Queer Female Fandom,” edited by Julie Levin Russo and Eve Ng, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 24.
8 weeks ago
End-of-year reminder
The 2008 calendar year is almost over…which means ’tis the season for nonprofit organizations to remind their communities that if you want to deduct a contribution on your 2008 taxes, you’ll need to donate by 12/31!
Financial-support  Development-&-Membership-Committee 
8 weeks ago
Second Annual Membership Drive
Welcome to the OTW’s second annual membership drive, which begins today!

In March of 2008, we officially opened the doors for membership in the OTW. If you joined the organization last year, we hope you’ll renew your membership this week! And if you haven’t yet joined, we hope you’ll take this opportunity to do so, and/or to make a donation to help support the OTW.
Development-&-Membership-Committee  Financial-support 
8 weeks ago
OTW Guest Post: UsedKarma
Fan artist/writer Usedkarma tells us about her fandom history, the Darcyland network, & what sets it apart
Fanart  Fandoms  Fannish-communities  Guest-Post 
8 weeks ago
Changes to Generic Relationship Tags
Last year, Tag Wrangling adopted a stronger set of guidelines about tags with unclear meanings on the Archive of Our Own. In order to provide more accurate filtering/subscriptions for users and to decrease the server strain caused by unnecessary metatags, we now canonize tags in the most clear and unambiguous way possible. As we update tags to meet this guideline, we sometimes discover old canonicals that were created when the tag length limit was still 42 characters. We are adjusting or removing those now.

To make relationship tags unambiguous, we encourage anyone who previously tagged with one of the following ambiguous tags to consider putting the specific relationship intended instead:
Archive-of-Our-Own  Tag-Wrangling-Committee  Announcement 
8 weeks ago
Progress Report: AO3 Rails Upgrades!
As a result, the slog through our outdated code will take a while longer, and progress will seem slow from the user side. We are currently on Rails 3.2 and our upgrade will take us to the latest version of Rails 5. (Anyone familiar with Rails knows that this is quite a bit of work.) And once we’re done with the Rails work, we need to upgrade Elasticsearch, which powers the Archive's search and filtering functionality. After that's all done, we'll take a little nap we can go back to more exciting and significantly more visible projects!
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement 
8 weeks ago
Releases 0.9.191 - 0.9.193: Change Log
[AO3-4943] - Users kept running into error 500s when trying to download works. /o\ This deploy should fix several common causes for these errors: hyphens in work titles, a deleted parent work (i.e. the inspiration for a remix, or the original of a translation), or a deleted series that included the work. Fingers crossed!
8 weeks ago
Releases 0.9.186 - 0.9.190: Change Log
[AO3-4493] - If you subscribed to a work or series with a very long title, the unsubscribe button on your Subscriptions page would sometimes run right off the side of the screen. We've made it so the text will wrap across lines instead of stretching horizontally.
[AO3-4451] - Our error pages were using some very old stylesheets, which meant they weren't displaying correctly on all screen sizes. Now they should look better on smaller screens, like phones and tablets.
8 weeks ago
Releases 0.9.181 - 0.9.185: Change Log
We've fixed CSV downloads for gift exchange sign-ups, corrected fandom counts in collections, and made a whole heap of behind-the-scenes changes, test improvements, and other minor fixes.
8 weeks ago
We're Back on the Wayback Machine
We're pleased to announce that after seven months, the Archive of Our Own is once again available on the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine!

Late last year, the AO3 suddenly vanished from the Wayback Machine, a non-profit archiving service. We reached out to its maintainers several times during this period, to find out why AO3 pages weren't archived anymore. The project's director contacted us this week and explained the problem.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement 
8 weeks ago
Issues With Posting Works (And What We're Doing to Solve Them)
You may have noticed the Archive has been slow or giving 502 errors when posting or editing works, particularly on weekends and during other popular posting times. Our development and Systems teams have been working to address this issue, but our March 17 attempt failed, leading to several hours of downtime and site-wide slowness.
Archive-of-Our-Own  Announcement  Systems-Committee 
8 weeks ago
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