oripsolob + race   792

Peter van Agtmael’s Eye on America - The New York Times
“There’s this pressure that war can be a shortcut to becoming a man that was appealing,” he explained. “I understood war was screwed up, but I also liked the idea of being respected for bravery,” he said, adding, “along with other dark and immature reasons.”

In his early stints, he said, he looked at the war mainly from the perspective of an American on the front lines. But he soon realized that the war was more about America in the Middle East and the people who lived there. Those people, he said, were the ones affected by it, the ones “who we generally refuse to see as three-dimensional human beings.”

As the wars continued, he said, he grew more interested in knowing what it was about America that made it “keep on fighting these reckless wars in reckless ways.”

In truth, he knew little about his own country.

“I started discovering America while on embeds in Iraq and Afghanistan because I was suddenly seeing a cross culture of race and class in American society that I hadn’t been exposed to growing up,” he said.
photography  conference  2018  War  gender  race  class 
5 days ago by oripsolob
How white racism destroys black wealth - The Washington Post
In the end, they were left with one number: $48,000.

That’s the amount the average home in a majority-black neighborhood is undervalued, relative to an identical home in an identical all-white neighborhood once you properly adjust for all the other structural and neighborhood characteristics that could plausibly affect that number. That’s the “cost of racial bias,” as the authors put it, “amounting to $156 billion in cumulative losses” accruing to black homeowners.
housing  race  inequalities  sociology 
16 days ago by oripsolob
Artist Vincent Valdez Made a Painting So Provocative This Texas Museum Waited a Year to Unveil It. Now It's a National Sensation.
As reported by the New York Times, the museum was extra cautious in presenting the piece, which it knew was potentially inflammatory. In order to prepare the community for the work, the Blanton and its faculty met with the Anti-Defamation League and the Austin school district and held roundtable discussions about the piece. It also reached out to local social justice groups, politicians, and other community leaders. (In an apparent oversight, however, it didn’t consult with the local NAACP chapter until earlier this month.)

“The painting calls us to gaze into the faces of evil and in so doing to gaze at ourselves—our capacity for hate and for violence, our collective history, and our fraught contemporary,” wrote Mónica A. Jiménez, from the school’s department of African and African diaspora studies. “Here is our American sublime: beautiful and terrible. We want to frantically turn away, but we cannot.”
art  history  race 
20 days ago by oripsolob
Walking-to-Work Stories: Heartwarming or Harmful? | On the Media | WNYC Studios
We begin this week's transit-oriented theme show with a story of Good Samaritans and gratitude. Specifically, the beloved, "heartwarming" media trope of the person who walks miles and miles and miles to work — usually out of heartbreaking necessity — and is rewarded for their perseverance with a car, or a bike, or at least an appearance on the 5 o'clock news. Uplifting as these tales may sometimes be, they are also "terrible," as Streetsblog national reporter Angie Schmitt explained to Brooke.
story  race  class  car  sociology  inequalities  NPR  Podcast  radio  Media 
22 days ago by oripsolob
Drunk History: "Charleston" :: Comedy :: Reviews :: Drunk History :: Paste
He’s recounting the truly inspirational story of Robert Smalls (Brandon T. Jackson), a former slave who leads a takeover of a Confederate ship and later enlists thousands of black soldiers for the Union army. (
history  Video  War  race 
27 days ago by oripsolob
Frederick Douglass in Full - The New York Times
Dependent upon abolitionist charity for his family’s daily bread, Douglass nonetheless chafed under a stifling Garrisonian orthodoxy that required adherents to embrace pacifism and abstain from politics. He charted a course away from all that by starting his own newspaper and openly embracing as household saints blood-drenched figures like the slave-rebellion leader Nat Turner and the white revolutionary John Brown, both of whom he classed with the founders.
Books  history  race  politics  War 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
Opinion | What America Owes Frederick Douglass - The New York Times
Editorial by David W. Blight

"The very thing Your Excellency would avoid” — a race war — “in the Southern states can only be avoided by the very measure that we propose,” i.e., black suffrage, Douglass said. As the delegation walked out, the president was overheard saying: “Those damned sons of bitches thought they had me in a trap. I know that damned Douglass; he’s just like any nigger, and would sooner cut a white man’s throat than not.”

Douglass left a timeless maxim for republics in times of crisis: “Our government may at some time be in the hands of a bad man. When in the hands of a good man it is all well enough.” But “we ought to have our government so shaped that even when in the hands of a bad man we shall be safe.” Politics, he insisted, mattered as much as the air he breathed.
history  race  War  constitution  politics 
5 weeks ago by oripsolob
Schoolbooks and Slavery in 1864: Lessons in the North and South
When you visit Black Citizenship in the Age of Jim Crow, two of the first objects you’ll see are books: The First Dixie Reader, used in the South, and The Gospel of Slavery: A Primer of Freedom, used in the North. Both were likely used in schools to teach children to read; both were published in 1864, during the American Civil War; and both discuss slavery. However, the lessons on slavery in each book are completely different.

[digital copies of each are available]
history  race  Books  children 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
How Black Citizenship Was Won, and Lost - The New York Times
“Black Citizenship in the Age of Jim Crow,” an exhibition about Reconstruction and its aftermath at the New-York Historical Society through March 3, doesn’t draw explicit parallels to today’s politics. But perhaps it doesn’t have to.

“The struggle over who has the right to citizenship and who belongs has been at the heart of American life over centuries,” Marci Reaven, vice president of history exhibitions at the museum, said on a recent afternoon.

Reconstruction can be a challenging story to tell, given how it cuts against deeply held American ideas about steady moral progress. It can also seem like a very abstract story, dominated by Constitutional amendments, legal battles and court decisions.
race  history  inequalities  constitution 
6 weeks ago by oripsolob
African Burial Ground Digital Diaries - New York National Parks
PBS film 55 minutes long

From the 1690s until the 1790s, both free and enslaved Africans were buried in a 6.6 acre burial ground in Lower Manhattan, outside the boundaries of the settlement of New Amsterdam, later known as New York. Lost to history due to landfill and development, the grounds were rediscovered in 1991 as a consequence of the planned construction of a Federal office building. A memorial at the African Burial Ground National Monument honors the memories of the estimated 15,000 enslaved and free Africans who were interred in the burial ground.
history  race  mythology  Video 
8 weeks ago by oripsolob
Large Majorities Dislike Political Correctness - The Atlantic
With the exception of the small tribe of devoted conservatives, progressive activists are the most racially homogeneous group in the country.

One obvious question is what people mean by “political correctness.” In the extended interviews and focus groups, participants made clear that they were concerned about their day-to-day ability to express themselves: They worry that a lack of familiarity with a topic, or an unthinking word choice, could lead to serious social sanctions for them. But since the survey question did not define political correctness for respondents, we cannot be sure what, exactly, the 80 percent of Americans who regard it as a problem have in mind.
politics  race  sociology 
9 weeks ago by oripsolob
Opportunity Insights
"Translating Research Into Policy Action to Increase Upward Mobility"
class  race  sociology  inequalities  Map 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
The Opportunity Atlas
Could be connected to the Social Class Stations activity, adding the dimension of race.
Map  sociology  class  inequalities  race 
10 weeks ago by oripsolob
Race, Discipline, and Safety at U.S. Public Schools | American Civil Liberties Union
The new data shows that students of color make up the majority of public school students. When federal data was first collected in 1968, over 80 percent of public school students were white. Because of changing demographics, white students now constitute just 49 percent of American school children. As the federal government considers further cuts to education funding, it should recognize that the harm will now fall in greater measure on communities of color, which have historically been underserved by school systems.
prisons  education  sociology  race 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The hidden racism of school discipline, in 7 charts - Vox
Starting even before kindergarten, black students are more likely to be suspended or expelled. They're more likely to be referred to law enforcement or even arrested. And even when they're breaking the same rules, studies have found black students are punished more often and more harshly than their white peers.

7 charts / 3 students per chart?
race  inequalities  sociology  education  prisons  lesson 
september 2018 by oripsolob
New Trier High School Summary of Selected Facts;
Look at racial demographics then click "Discipline Report" on right hand side. Compare the racial makeup of school ("Enrollement") to the percentages of students given severe disciplinary consequences (eg., suspensions).

NTHS: Black = 0.6% of students, but 6.3% and 7.5% of (in- and out-of-school) suspensions, respectively. Do the math then read this: https://www.vox.com/2015/10/31/9646504/discipline-race-charts
education  sociology  race  inequalities  newtrier  lesson  prisons 
september 2018 by oripsolob
The Politics of the Professoriat: Political diversity on campus | CBC Radio
"We've created a hostile climate for people who don't fit in intellectually. We've marginalized them. We've made it clear they don't belong; they're not welcome. And then the really smart ones among them don't apply! And what we're left with is a politically homogeneous field of inquiry, which therefore has problems studying anything that is politically valenced."
– Jonathan Haidt

Why does a "political monoculture" hurt social science research?

ophobophobia = fear of being branded Islamophobic, homophobic, etc. For example, to address poverty/inequality, three factors are critical in why certain groups or individuals do better than others:

1) Whether parents are married (even if you're poor)
2) Subculture that emphasizes importance of education and/or delayed gratification
3) IQ

But though these are the most important determinants, we have not made progress in research, because of ophobophobia: "no one dares address these major factors"; instead, more focus on structural racism, etc. And this issue of poverty/inequality must be solved. But ophobophobia rules out 90% of the causal factors.

"Students and professors know, he adds, that 'if you step out of line at all, you will be called a racist, sexist or homophobe. In fact it’s gotten so bad out there that there’s a new term—‘ophobophobia,’ which is the fear of being called x-ophobic."

"Human beings are tribal creatures. We evolved for small religions....We're really good at making something sacred and trusting each other....You can see this easily with fundamentalist Xians. Some of the them will deny evolution -- seems silly from the outside. You can see the same thing on college campuses. The causes of college campuses are laudable, but we should pursue them practically, pragmatically, and rationally. But "when we make them into a religion, that's when we activate all of our 'religious software', which is a set of mental concepts that include blasphemy, heresy, burning at the stake, witch hunts. The basic language is one of sin, and blasphemy, and punishment. No one speaks up for anyone because then they'll be called a witch.

But there is NO ROLE for religion in the classroom in intellectual matters. There we need communities in which NOTHING is sacred. Now there so much that is sacred on campus, can't be said."

The Religion of Social Justice. Justice is a good thing, but when Social Justice becomes a religion...

IGen believes in the concept that "words are violence".
politics  Podcast  sociology  education  race  inequalities  religion  Speech 
september 2018 by oripsolob
Five Questions with the team behind THE AREA – Gene Siskel Film Center – Medium
"Thinking about The Area as an example, during testimony in City Hall, an activist noted that the development proposals for “the area” (the targeted property, bounded on the north and south by Garfield Boulevard and on the east and west by Steward Avenue and Wallace Street) identified it as blighted, but the proposals didn’t acknowledge how and *why* it came to be that way. The official documents didn’t explain what the train company and city set into motion years before."

"It clarifies how international economic dynamics combined with structural disadvantage and racism produce the problems that plague the city."

"And the longer we worked on the project, the more my reactions weren’t just that shock of change, but also the erasure of memories."

"I hope each person who sees The Area can reflect in their own way on the communities that made and shaped their own lives, and that they can consider the ways American society did or didn’t allow those communities to thrive, or even to exist."
sociology  Corporation  chicago  Video  inequalities  race  Movie 
august 2018 by oripsolob
A Conversation with Mark Lilla on His Critique of Identity Politics | The New Yorker
To understand any social problem in this country, you have to understand identity. And we’re more aware of that than ever, and that’s been a very good thing. But, to address those problems with politics, we have to abandon the rhetoric of difference, in order to appeal to what we share, so that people who don’t share this identity somehow can have a stake, and feel something that other people are experiencing.

I’m sick of noble defeats. I’m tired of losing. I’m sickened by the fact that Donald Trump is in power right now, and not just that but that Republicans control two-thirds of our state legislatures, two-thirds of our governorships, twenty-four states outright. If they win two more they can call a constitutional convention.

The distinction I’m trying to make—between analyzing a social problem and developing a political program in order to win power—people who are in movement politics fail to see the distinction, I think. Because identity politics is maximalizing. That’s how you succeed—you see this as the only issue.

Obama did not list groups. Because he talked about “we.” He didn’t always finish his sentences—he would say, “That’s not who we are,” and wouldn’t quite tell us who we are. But he understood that. Both Obama and [Bill] Clinton understood that playing identity politics in electoral politics is a disaster for the liberal side.

An election is not about self-expression. It’s not a time to display everything we believe about everything. It’s a contest. And once you hold power, then you can do the things you want to do.
race  politics  election 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Opinion | America Started Over Once. Can We Do It Again? - The New York Times
The 14th Amendment, in particular, “hit the reset button on American democracy,” as Sherrilyn Ifill, director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, put it recently. It extended the protections in the Bill of Rights, which applied only against the federal government, to cover people in their dealings with the states. Its best known and most litigated provision, Section 1, went even further, guaranteeing for the first time the basic equality of all people, no matter their skin color, station in life or citizenship.
history  race  constitution 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Students Boycott High School's Required 'Racial Identity' Day
"Two staff members and two students also defended the program. One, Spiro Bolos, discussed the seminar he had given, “TV Tokenism,” which criticized portrayals of minorities in media. Another, Michael Christensen, talked about her seminar, “Drawing Lines: Housing Segregation and Redlining in Chicagoland Neighborhoods.” The class apparently did not consider a variety of political views, though housing is a current topic of local political debate."
race  newtrier 
july 2018 by oripsolob
Bryan Stevenson and the Legacy of Lynching | The New Yorker
Jordan Steiker, the professor who convened the meeting, told me, “In one sense, the death penalty is clearly a substitute for lynching. One of the main justifications for the use of the death penalty, especially in the South, was that it served to avoid lynching. The number of people executed rises tremendously at the end of the lynching era. And there’s still incredible overlap between places that had lynching and places that continue to use the death penalty.” Drawing on the work of such noted legal scholars as David Garland and Franklin Zimring, Steiker and his sister Carol, a professor at Harvard Law School, have written a forthcoming book, “Courting Death: The Supreme Court and Capital Punishment,” which explores the links between lynching and state-sponsored executions.
history  race  inequalities  sociology 
june 2018 by oripsolob
Freedom Rides: A History of Racial Injustice - Equal Justice Initiative
Explains the 1955 ICC ban (interstate) versus the 1961 ICC ban (intrastate).

On November 25, 1955, the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), a federal agency that regulates railroads and other transporters of goods, banned racial segregation on interstate buses, train lines, and in waiting rooms. The ICC ruled that “the disadvantages to a traveler who is assigned accommodations or facilities so designated as to imply his inferiority solely because of his race must be regarded under present conditions as unreasonable.” The ban was consistent with a 1946 United States Supreme Court decision, Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia, which held that a state law requiring segregation on interstate buses traveling through the state was unconstitutional.

However, neither the Supreme Court decision nor the ICC ban covered intrastate travel, and 13 states still required segregation on buses and railways that traveled exclusively within state borders. Some of these states ignored the new ban on segregated interstate travel and continued to enforce unconstitutional laws.
history  race  inequalities 
may 2018 by oripsolob
New York Times Chronology: Civil Rights - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum
The Interstate Commerce Commission prescribed rules forbidding racial discrimination in interstate bus transportation. The rules, effective Nov. 1, cover terminal facilities as well as buses. The commission thus granted a petition filed by Attorney General Kennedy after the Freedom Rides in Southern states last spring. (1:1) – September 23, 1961
history  race 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Meet the Players: Freedom Riders | American Experience | Official Site | PBS
At the time of the Freedom Rides, Stokely Carmichael was a 19-year-old student at Howard University, the son of West Indian immigrants to New York City. Carmichael made the journey to Jackson, MS from New Orleans, LA on June 4, 1961 by train, along with eight other riders, including Joan Trumpauer. 

The group was ushered by Jackson police to a waiting paddy wagon; all Riders refused bail. Carmichael was transferred to Parchman State Prison Farm, which proved to be a crucible and testing ground for future Movement leaders. Other Freedom Riders recalled his quick wit and hard-nosed political realism from their shared time at Parchman. 

The acerbic Carmichael would go on to become one of the leading voices of the Black Power Movement. In 1966 Carmichael became Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) chairman and, in 1967, honorary prime minister of the Black Panther Party. He moved to West Africa in 1969, and changed his name to Kwame Ture in honor of African leaders Kwame Nkruma and Sekou Toure, later traveling the world as a proponent of the All African Peoples Revolutionary Party. He died in Conakry, Guinea in 1998 of prostate cancer at the age of 57. 

In his posthumously published autobiography, Carmichael spoke about the significance of the Freedom Rides: "CORE would be sending an integrated team-black and white together-from the nation's capital to New Orleans on public transportation. That's all. Except, of course, that they would sit randomly on the buses in integrated pairs and in the stations they would use waiting room facilities casually, ignoring the white/colored signs. What could be more harmless... in any even marginally healthy society?"
race  history  inequalities 
may 2018 by oripsolob
areyoureadytotalk | SPARQTools
Starting conversations about race, etc
race  sociology  mcp 
may 2018 by oripsolob
The Myth of Meritocracy | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Martin Luther King, 1968, National Cathedral speech / relates to The Color of Law and westward expansion and federal subsidies

"It's all right to tell a a man to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps', but it is a cruel jest to say to a bootless man, that he ought to 'lift himself by his own bootstraps'..."

References study of differences in resume callbacks based on (black vs white) names

Rich are more likely to say that "hard work" matters more.
radio  NPR  inequalities  Podcast  sociology  race  class  mythology  prisons  Money  story 
may 2018 by oripsolob
This Is America | On The Media | WNYC Studios
Today, more than 45 million Americans live in poverty. The problem has been addressed countless times since the nation’s founding, but it persists, and for the poorest among us, it gets worse. America has not been able to find its way to a sustainable solution, because most of its citizens see the problem of poverty from a distance, through a distorted lens. So in 2016, we presented "Busted: America's Poverty Myths," a series exploring how our understanding of poverty is shaped not by facts, but by private presumptions, media narratives, and the tales of the American Dream. This week we're revisiting part of that series.

1. Matthew Desmond [@just_shelter], author of on the myriad factors that perpetuate wealth inequality and Jack Frech [@FrechJack], former Athens County Ohio Welfare Director, on how the media's short attention span for covering inequality stymies our discourse around poverty. Listen.

2. Jill Lepore, historian and staff writer for the New Yorker, on the long history of America's beloved "rags to riches" narrative and Natasha Boyer, a Ohio woman whose eviction was initially prevented thanks to a generous surprise from strangers, on the reality of living in poverty and the limitations of "random acts of kindness." Listen.

3. Brooke considers the myth of meritocracy and how it obscures the reality: that one's economic success is more due to luck than motivation. Listen.
class  race  inequalities  Podcast  NPR  sociology  mythology  history 
may 2018 by oripsolob
Bring the National Memorial for Peace and Justice to Your Classroom and Community
Students can and should…

research the victim(s) of lynchings in their communities.

discuss whether the monuments should be claimed by their communities.

engage the public and local city council about why their monument should be claimed.

discuss where in the community the monument should be placed and what kind of dedication should be held.

put together any necessary interpretive panels to help their community understand the relevant history and purpose of the monument.

These are just a few of the questions that history educators can introduce to guide their students in this project.
history  lesson  education  race  pbl 
april 2018 by oripsolob
National Memorial for Peace and Justice: A powerful new project forces America to confront its history of lynching - The Washington Post
Each suspended steel monument represents one of the hundreds of American counties in which lynchings took place, and is inscribed with as many of the known names of the victims from that locality. A duplicate steel monument for each county is laid out horizontally, as if in a vast, open-air morgue, outside the memorial structure. Stevenson’s concept for the memorial includes the hope that individual counties will claim these duplicate steel boxes, and display them in some way in public places across the country. Counties that refuse to collect their “monument” will be shamed by the presence of the unclaimed coffin form on the grounds of the national memorial.
history  race 
april 2018 by oripsolob
EJI's lynching memorial: If not Montgomery, where?
National Memorial for Peace and Justice and the Legacy Museum opens April 26th
race  history  sociology 
april 2018 by oripsolob
This unheralded woman actually organized the Montgomery bus boycott
When Rosa Parks was arrested in 1955 — for refusing to move to the back of the bus — [Jo Ann] Robinson “went into high gear,” seizing the opportunity to launch a boycott she and the other members of the WPC had been planning. The night of the Parks’s arrest, Robinson printed out 35,000 fliers announcing the beginning of a citywide bus boycott on December 5, 1955. The next afternoon she and other members of the WPC handed out the fliers to black residents in Montgomery, and even volunteered to participate in the carpool system to help those who needed a ride to work. On December 5, 1955, as Robinson and the WPC had planned, local black residents in Montgomery stopped riding city buses.
mythology  race  history 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Powers of Persuasion | National Archives
Part 1: Patriotic Pride (Man the Guns!

It's a Women's War Too!
United We Win
Use it Up, Wear it Out
Four Freedoms

Part 2: Staying Vigilant

This is Nazi Brutality
He's Watching You
Meaning of Sacrifice
Stamp 'Em Out
images  WWII  War  history  women  race 
april 2018 by oripsolob
When the government refused to use slavery to recruit soldiers, the media had no qualms
While their motive was questionable, America finally saw regiments of black Union soldiers living and dying alongside their white countrymen
War  race  history  images 
april 2018 by oripsolob
Hanover Schools vote to keep Confederate names | WTVR.com
Lee-Davis High School and Stonewall Jackson Middle School in Hanover County, Virginia
history  mythology  race  inequalities  War 
april 2018 by oripsolob
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