nhaliday + white-paper + long-term   3

Analysis of Current and Future Computer Science Needs via Advertised Faculty Searches for 2019 - CRN
Differences are also seen when analyzing results based on the type of institution. Positions related to Security have the highest percentages for all but top-100 institutions. The area of Artificial Intelligence/Data Mining/Machine Learning is of most interest for top-100 PhD institutions. Roughly 35% of positions for PhD institutions are in data-oriented areas. The results show a strong interest in data-oriented areas by public PhD and private PhD, MS, and BS institutions while public MS and BS institutions are most interested in Security.
org:edu  data  analysis  visualization  trends  recruiting  jobs  career  planning  academia  higher-ed  cs  tcs  machine-learning  systems  pro-rata  measure  long-term  🎓  uncertainty  progression  grad-school  phd  distribution  ranking  top-n  security  status  s-factor  comparison  homo-hetero  correlation  org:ngo  white-paper  cost-benefit 
june 2019 by nhaliday
Social Animal House: The Economic and Academic Consequences of Fraternity Membership by Jack Mara, Lewis Davis, Stephen Schmidt :: SSRN
We exploit changes in the residential and social environment on campus to identify the economic and academic consequences of fraternity membership at a small Northeastern college. Our estimates suggest that these consequences are large, with fraternity membership lowering student GPA by approximately 0.25 points on the traditional four-point scale, but raising future income by approximately 36%, for those students whose decision about membership is affected by changes in the environment. These results suggest that fraternity membership causally produces large gains in social capital, which more than outweigh its negative effects on human capital for potential members. Alcohol-related behavior does not explain much of the effects of fraternity membership on either the human capital or social capital effects. These findings suggest that college administrators face significant trade-offs when crafting policies related to Greek life on campus.

- III. Methodology has details
- it's an instrumental variable method paper

Table 5: Fraternity Membership and Grades

Do High School Sports Build or Reveal Character?: http://ftp.iza.org/dp11110.pdf
We examine the extent to which participation in high school athletics has beneficial effects on future education, labor market, and health outcomes. Due to the absence of plausible instruments in observational data, we use recently developed methods that relate selection on observables with selection on unobservables to estimate bounds on the causal effect of athletics participation. We analyze these effects in the US separately for men and women using three different nationally representative longitudinal data sets that each link high school athletics participation with later-life outcomes. We do not find consistent evidence of individual benefits reported in many previous studies – once we have accounted for selection, high school athletes are no more likely to attend college, earn higher wages, or participate in the labor force. However, we do find that men (but not women) who participated in high school athletics are more likely to exercise regularly as adults. Nevertheless, athletes are no less likely to be obese.

Online Social Network Effects in Labor Markets: Evidence From Facebook's Entry into College Campuses: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3381938
My estimates imply that access to Facebook for 4 years of college causes a 2.7 percentile increase in a cohort's average earnings, relative to the earnings of other individuals born in the same year.

What Clockwork_Prior said. I was a college freshman when facebook first made its appearance and so I know that facebook's entry/exit cannot be treated as a quasi-random with respect to earnings. Facebook began at harvard, then expanded to other ivy league schools + places like stanford/MIT/CMU, before expanding into a larger set of universities.

Presuming the author is using a differences-in-differences research design, the estimates would be biased as they would essentially be calculating averaging earnings difference between Elite schools and non elite schools. If the sample is just restricted to the period where schools were simply elite, the problem still exist because facebook originated at Harvard and this becomes a comparison of Harvard earnings v.s. other schools.
study  economics  econometrics  natural-experiment  endo-exo  policy  wonkish  higher-ed  long-term  planning  social-capital  human-capital  labor  gender  cohesion  sociology  social-structure  trivia  cocktail  🎩  effect-size  intervention  compensation  money  education  ethanol  usa  northeast  causation  counterfactual  methodology  demographics  age-generation  race  curvature  regression  convexity-curvature  nonlinearity  cost-benefit  endogenous-exogenous  branches  econotariat  marginal-rev  commentary  summary  facebook  internet  social  media  tech  network-structure  recruiting  career  hmm  idk  strategy  elite  time  confounding  pdf  broad-econ  microfoundations  sports  null-result  selection  health  fitness  fitsci  org:ngo  white-paper  input-output  obesity 
september 2017 by nhaliday
Divorce and children’s long-term outcomes | VOX, CEPR’s Policy Portal
It has been widely demonstrated that parental divorce is associated with negative outcomes for affected children. However, the degree of causality in this relationship is not as clear. This column tackles this problem by using the level of gender integration in fathers’ workplaces as an instrument for divorce. The results suggest a causal link between divorce and worse economic outcomes that persists into early adulthood.

The literature on father absence is frequently criticized for its use of cross-sectional data and methods that fail to take account of possible omitted variable bias and reverse causality. We review studies that have responded to this critique by employing a variety of innovative research designs to identify the causal effect of father absence, including studies using lagged dependent variable models, growth curve models, individual fixed effects models, sibling fixed effects models, natural experiments, and propensity score matching models. Our assessment is that studies using more rigorous designs continue to find negative effects of father absence on offspring well-being, although the magnitude of these effects is smaller than what is found using traditional cross-sectional designs. The evidence is strongest and most consistent for outcomes such as high school graduation, children’s social-emotional adjustment, and adult mental health.

Genetics, the Rearing Environment, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Divorce: A Swedish National Adoption Study: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797617734864
There was stronger resemblance to lived-with mothers, providing indirect evidence of rearing-environment influences on the intergenerational transmission of divorce. The heritability of divorce assessed across generations was 0.13. We attempted to replicate our findings using within-generation data from adoptive and biological siblings (ns = 8,523–53,097). Adoptees resembled their biological, not adoptive, siblings in their history of divorce. Thus, there was consistent evidence that genetic factors contributed to the intergenerational transmission of divorce but weaker evidence for a rearing-environment effect of divorce. Within-generation data from siblings supported these conclusions.

The Long-Term Effects of Legalizing Divorce on Children: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obes.12200/abstract
We find that women who grew up under legal divorce have lower earnings and income and worse health as adults compared with women who grew up under illegal divorce. These negative effects are not found for men.

Father Absence and Reproductive Strategy: An Evolutionary Perspective: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1037&context=anthropologyfacpub
interesting fact: father-absent childhood raises verbal and lowers math/spatial aptitude

Relation of Type and Onset of Father Absence to Cognitive Development: http://sci-hub.tw/http://www.jstor.org/stable/1127548
gender  causation  study  parenting  regularizer  long-term  developmental  environmental-effects  biodet  natural-experiment  confounding  sociology  org:ngo  intervention  endo-exo  multi  pdf  gender-diff  article  life-history  white-paper  meta-analysis  survey  education  labor  stress  psychiatry  dignity  endogenous-exogenous  sib-study  behavioral-gen  europe  nordic  psychology  social-psych  roots  variance-components  genetics  science-anxiety  chart  branches  cost-benefit  institutions  social-structure  health  demographics  compensation  policy  law  control  west-hunter  scitariat  anthropology  evopsych  sex  sexuality  rot  coming-apart  social-norms  stylized-facts  correlation  🌞  tradeoffs  class  sapiens  speculation  iq  language  spatial  psych-architecture  history  mostly-modern  data  comparison  personality  things  world-war  direction  cultural-dynamics  usa  higher-ed  harvard  phalanges  piracy  gnosis-logos  dirty-hands  embodied  the-world-is-just-atoms  cog-psych  intelligence 
august 2016 by nhaliday

bundles : growthmetaprops

related tags

academia  age-generation  analysis  anthropology  article  behavioral-gen  biodet  branches  broad-econ  career  causation  chart  class  cocktail  cog-psych  cohesion  coming-apart  commentary  comparison  compensation  confounding  control  convexity-curvature  correlation  cost-benefit  counterfactual  cs  cultural-dynamics  curvature  data  demographics  developmental  dignity  direction  dirty-hands  distribution  econometrics  economics  econotariat  education  effect-size  elite  embodied  endo-exo  endogenous-exogenous  environmental-effects  ethanol  europe  evopsych  facebook  fitness  fitsci  gender  gender-diff  genetics  gnosis-logos  grad-school  harvard  health  higher-ed  history  hmm  homo-hetero  human-capital  idk  input-output  institutions  intelligence  internet  intervention  iq  jobs  labor  language  law  life-history  long-term  machine-learning  marginal-rev  measure  media  meta-analysis  methodology  microfoundations  money  mostly-modern  multi  natural-experiment  network-structure  nonlinearity  nordic  northeast  null-result  obesity  org:edu  org:ngo  parenting  pdf  personality  phalanges  phd  piracy  planning  policy  pro-rata  progression  psych-architecture  psychiatry  psychology  race  ranking  recruiting  regression  regularizer  roots  rot  s-factor  sapiens  science-anxiety  scitariat  security  selection  sex  sexuality  sib-study  social  social-capital  social-norms  social-psych  social-structure  sociology  spatial  speculation  sports  status  strategy  stress  study  stylized-facts  summary  survey  systems  tcs  tech  the-world-is-just-atoms  things  time  top-n  tradeoffs  trends  trivia  uncertainty  usa  variance-components  visualization  west-hunter  white-paper  wonkish  world-war  🌞  🎓  🎩 

Copy this bookmark: