nhaliday + chapman   30

Links 5/17: Rip Van Linkle | Slate Star Codex
More on Low-Trust Russia: Do Russian Who Wants To Be A Millionaire contestants avoid asking the audience because they expect audience members to deliberately mislead them?

Xenocrypt on the math of economic geography: “A party’s voters should get more or less seats based on the shape of the monotonic curve with integral one they can be arranged in” might sound like a very silly belief, but it is equivalent to the common mantra that you deserve to lose if your voters are ‘too clustered’”

Okay, look, I went way too long between writing up links posts this time, so you’re getting completely dated obsolete stuff like Actually, Neil Gorsuch Is A Champion Of The Little Guy. But aside from the Gorsuch reference this is actually pretty timeless – basically an argument for strict constructionism on the grounds that “a flexible, living, bendable law will always tend to be bent in the direction of the powerful.”

Otium: Are Adult Developmental Stages Real? Looks at Kohlberg, Kegan, etc.

I mentioned the debate over 5-HTTLPR, a gene supposedly linked to various mental health outcomes, in my review of pharmacogenomics. Now a very complete meta-analysis finds that a lot of the hype around it isn’t true. This is pretty impressive since there are dozens of papers claiming otherwise, and maybe the most striking example yet of how apparently well-replicated a finding can be and still fail to pan out.

Rootclaim describes itself as a crowd-sourced argument mapper. See for example its page on who launched the chemical attack in Syria.

Apparently if you just kill off all the cells that are growing too old, you can partly reverse organisms’ aging (paper, popular article)

The Politics Of The Gene: “Contrary to expectations, however, we find little evidence that it is more common for whites, the socioeconomically advantaged, or political conservatives to believe that genetics are important for health and social outcomes.”

Siberian Fox linked me to two studies that somewhat contradicted my minimalist interpretation of childhood trauma here: Alemany on psychosis and Turkheimer on harsh punishment.

Lyrebird is an AI project which, if fed samples of a person’s voice, can read off any text you want in the same voice. See their demo with Obama, Trump, and Hillary (I find them instantly recognizable but not at all Turing-passing). They say making this available is ethical because it raises awareness of the potential risk, which a Facebook friend compared to “selling nukes to ISIS in order to raise awareness of the risk of someone selling nukes to ISIS.”

Freddie deBoer gives lots of evidence that there is no shortage of qualified STEM workers relative to other fields and the industry is actually pretty saturated. But Wall Street Journal seems to think they have evidence for the opposite? Curious what all of the tech workers here think.

Scott Sumner: How Can There Be A Shortage Of Construction Workers? That is, is it at all plausible that (as help wanted ads would suggest) there are areas where construction companies can’t find unskilled laborers willing to work for $90,000/year? Sumner splits this question in two – first, an economics question of why an efficient market wouldn’t cause salaries to rise to a level that guarantees all jobs get filled. And second, a political question of how this could happen in a country where we’re constantly told that unskilled men are desperate because there are no job opportunities for them anymore. The answers seem to be “there’s a neat but complicated economics reason for the apparent inefficiency” and “the $90,000 number is really misleading but there may still be okay-paying construction jobs going unfilled and that’s still pretty strange”.

Study which is so delightfully contrarian I choose to reblog it before reading it all the way through: mandatory class attendance policies in college decrease grades by preventing students from making rational decisions about when and how to study.
ratty  yvain  ssc  links  multi  russia  trust  cultural-dynamics  speculation  wonkish  politics  polisci  government  elections  density  urban  economics  trends  regularizer  law  institutions  heuristic  corruption  crooked  chapman  things  psychology  social-psych  anthropology  developmental  study  summary  biodet  behavioral-gen  genetics  candidate-gene  neuro  neuro-nitgrit  psychiatry  stress  core-rats  meta-analysis  replication  null-result  epistemic  ideology  info-dynamics  audio  tools  realness  clinton  trump  obama  tech  science  planning  uncertainty  migration  business  labor  gender  education  higher-ed  unintended-consequences  illusion  unaffiliated  left-wing  supply-demand  urban-rural  judgement 
may 2017 by nhaliday
The new politics of meaning | Meaningness
The politics of meaning are swirling into a new configuration. Since the 1960s, “values issues” have defined stable left and right political coalitions. Most people dutifully lined up with one side or the other, and most political questions were forced to align with a fixed left vs. right opposition.

The 2016 American Presidential campaign, and the UK Brexit vote, have split “left” and “right” internally, each into roughly equal halves. A new basic division of political opinion has emerged—in these countries, at least. But what is it?

I suspect the fault line in the new politics reflects the communal versus systematic modes of relating to meaning. This realignment offers both fearful risks and hopeful opportunities—because both modes are partly right and partly wrong. Although a communal/systematic split could be catastrophic, it may also point the way to a new mode that heals the fundamental crisis of meaningness that has plagued the West for a hundred years.
politics  prediction  speculation  postrat  insight  chapman  britain  community  essay  hmm  values  haidt  things  brexit  2016-election  c:***  trump  vague  systematic-ad-hoc  individualism-collectivism  ideology  populism 
july 2016 by nhaliday

bundles : peeps

related tags

2016-election  absolute-relative  advice  age-generation  analogy  analysis  analytical-holistic  anthropology  applicability-prereqs  ascetic  asia  audio  behavioral-gen  biodet  blog  books  bounded-cognition  brexit  britain  buddhism  business  c:***  candidate-gene  chapman  checklists  christianity  civilization  class  clinton  commentary  community  comparison  conceptual-vocab  consumerism  context  contrarianism  coordination  core-rats  corruption  critique  crooked  cultural-dynamics  culture  culture-war  cycles  database  death  debate  demographics  dennett  density  developing-world  developmental  discipline  discussion  duality  dynamical  economics  education  elections  embedded-cognition  emotion  empirical  envy  epistemic  essay  ethics  evidence-based  examples  fiction  formal-values  forms-instances  gender  genetics  god-man-beast-victim  government  gray-econ  growth  growth-econ  guide  haidt  heuristic  hidden-motives  higher-ed  history  hmm  homo-hetero  humility  ideology  idk  illusion  impro  individualism-collectivism  info-dynamics  insight  institutions  intelligence  janus  judgement  labor  law  left-wing  len:long  len:short  lesswrong  links  list  macro  map-territory  market-failure  markets  meaningness  meta-analysis  meta:rhetoric  metabuch  metameta  migration  minimalism  models  morality  multi  mystic  neuro  neuro-nitgrit  neurons  new-religion  nietzschean  nihil  nitty-gritty  noise-structure  null-result  number  obama  open-closed  optimate  organizing  oscillation  parable  paradox  parallax  people  phalanges  philosophy  planning  play  policy  polisci  politics  populism  postrat  prediction  problem-solving  psychiatry  psycho-atoms  psychology  puzzles  randy-ayndy  rationality  ratty  realness  reason  recommendations  reflection  regularizer  religion  replication  rhetoric  ritual  russia  sanctity-degradation  science  self-control  sequential  sex  sexuality  signaling  social  social-capital  social-psych  social-science  society  socs-and-mops  speculation  spock  ssc  strategy  stream  stress  study  subculture  summary  supply-demand  systematic-ad-hoc  teaching  tech  techtariat  temperance  the-devil  the-self  theos  things  thinking  time  tools  trends  trump  trust  truth  twitter  unaffiliated  uncertainty  unintended-consequences  urban  urban-rural  usa  vague  values  virtu  walls  water  whole-partial-many  within-without  wonkish  world  yvain  👽  🤖  🦀  🦉 

Copy this bookmark: