nhaliday + aversion   22

The Behavioral Econ of Paperwork, Bryan Caplan | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty
If X is good, we can noticeably encourage it by modestly simplifying the paperwork. So yes, cut red tape for employment, construction, travel, and adoption. If X is bad, though, we can noticeably discourage it by modestly complicating the paperwork. Indeed, complexity is a viable substitute for explicit means-testing: If you lack the patience to fill out ten forms, you probably don't really need the money.
econotariat  org:econlib  cracker-econ  proposal  economics  behavioral-econ  policy  political-econ  regulation  intricacy  aversion 
june 2017 by nhaliday
New studies show the cost of student laptop use in lecture classes - Daniel Willingham
In-lecture media use and academic performance: Does subject area matter: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563217304983
The study found that while a significant negative correlation exists between in-lecture media use and academic performance for students in the Arts and Social Sciences, the same pattern is not observable for students in the faculties of Engineering, Economic and Management Sciences, and Medical and Health Sciences.

scitariat  education  higher-ed  learning  data  study  summary  intervention  internet  attention  field-study  effect-size  studying  regularizer  aversion  the-monster  multi 
april 2017 by nhaliday
The Relation of Toxoplasma Infection and Sexual Attraction to Fear, Danger, Pain, and Submissiveness - Jul 28, 2016
A cross-sectional cohort study performed on 36,564 subjects (5,087 Toxoplasma free and 741 Toxoplasma infected) showed that infected and noninfected subjects differ in their sexual behavior, fantasies, and preferences when age, health, and the size of the place where they spent childhood were controlled (F(24, 3719) = 2.800, p < .0001). In agreement with our a priori hypothesis, infected subjects are more often aroused by their own fear, danger, and sexual submission although they practice more conventional sexual activities than Toxoplasma-free subjects. We suggest that the later changes can be related to a decrease in the personality trait of novelty seeking in infected subjects, which is potentially a side effect of increased concentration of dopamine in their brain.
study  bio  sapiens  disease  parasites-microbiome  neuro  psychiatry  sex  embodied  🌞  nature  biodet  evopsych  psychology  neuro-nitgrit  intervention  science-anxiety  toxo-gondii  emotion  sexuality  behavioral-gen  public-health  solid-study  aversion 
march 2017 by nhaliday
The malicious serpent: Evolved adaptations for responding to snakes
Instinctive Fears: https://westhunt.wordpress.com/2014/12/07/instinctive-fears/
It is easier to develop a phobia about snakes than electricity or carbon monoxide, probably because we have built in neurological mechanism that confer that propensity.

Likely most animals have a similar propensity to develop a fear of fire: or it might come automatically. If there was such a fear-of-fire mechanism, we have lost it: and dogs have as well. If this is correct, one could learn about this hypothetical mechanism by comparing dogs and wolves.

Apparently nobody knows this anymore, but many animals do indeed fear fire, enough so that a fire gives significant protection in predator-rich places like Africa. Most of the world, back in the day. So you don’t need to wonder whether selection could create such an instinct – it already has.

Wolves fear fire. Dogs don’t – they like to hang out around the campfire.
org:edu  evopsych  psychology  cog-psych  eden  nature  sapiens  evolution  roots  deep-materialism  emotion  org:junk  multi  westminster  scitariat  speculation  ideas  instinct  recent-selection  fire  technology  west-hunter  domestication  poast  survival  outdoors  africa  farmers-and-foragers  aversion 
february 2017 by nhaliday
- Chinese eugenics [Geoffrey Miller. Pretty weird take. ("30 years running"? No.)]
- finance [Seth Lloyd]
- demographic collapse
- quantum mechanics [Lee Smolin]
- technology endangering democracy
- "idiocracy looming"
- the Two Culture and the nature-nurture debate [Simon Baron-Cohen]
- "the real risk factors for war" [Pinker]
org:edge  frontier  uncertainty  risk  discussion  list  top-n  multi  planning  big-picture  prediction  links  spearhead  blowhards  pinker  technology  fertility  dysgenics  trends  finance  culture-war  postmortem  2013  enhancement  aversion  democracy  q-n-a  metameta  zeitgeist  speedometer  questions 
january 2017 by nhaliday
Overcoming Bias : Chip Away At Hard Problems
One of the most common ways that wannabe academics fail is by failing to sufficiently focus on a few topics of interest to academia. Many of them become amateur intellectuals, people who think and write more as a hobby, and less to gain professional rewards via institutions like academia, media, and business. Such amateurs are often just as smart and hard-working as professionals, and they can more directly address the topics that interest them. Professionals, in contrast, must specialize more, have less freedom to pick topics, and must try harder to impress others, which encourages the use of more difficult robust/rigorous methods.

You might think their added freedom would result in amateurs contributing more to intellectual progress, but in fact they contribute less. Yes, amateurs can and do make more initial progress when new topics arise suddenly far from topics where established expert institutions have specialized. But then over time amateurs blow their lead by focusing less and relying on easier more direct methods. They rely more on informal conversation as analysis method, they prefer personal connections over open competitions in choosing people, and they rely more on a perceived consensus among a smaller group of fellow enthusiasts. As a result, their contributions just don’t appeal as widely or as long.
ratty  postrat  culture  academia  science  epistemic  hanson  frontier  contrarianism  thick-thin  long-term  regularizer  strategy  impact  essay  subculture  meta:rhetoric  aversion  discipline  curiosity  rigor  rationality  rat-pack  🤖  success  2016  farmers-and-foragers  exploration-exploitation  low-hanging  clarity  vague  🦉  optimate  systematic-ad-hoc  metameta  s:***  discovery  focus  info-dynamics  hari-seldon 
december 2016 by nhaliday
Genetic Relations Among Procrastination, Impulsivity, and Goal-Management Ability: Implications for the Evolutionary Origin of Procrastination : slatestarcodex
First, both procrastination and impulsivity were moderately heritable (46% and 49%, respectively). Second, although the two traits were separable at the phenotypic level (r=.65), they were not separable at the genetic level (rg=1.0). Finally, variation in goal-management ability accounted for much of this shared genetic variation. These results suggest that procrastination and impulsivity are linked primarily through genetic influences on the ability to use their high-priority goals effectively to regulate their action.

An Investigation of Genetic and Environmental Influences Across The Distribution of Self-Control: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316292004_An_Investigation_of_Genetic_and_Environmental_Influences_Across_The_Distribution_of_Self-Control
Subsequent biometric quantile regression models revealed that genetic influences on self-control were maximized in the 50th and 60th percentiles and minimized in the tails of the distribution. Shared environmental influences were nonsignificant at all examined quantiles of self-control with only one exception.

The Heritability of Self-Control: a Meta-Analysis: https://sci-hub.tw/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.02.012
The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to provide a quantitative overview of the heritability of self-control. A systematic search resulted in 31 included studies, 17 reporting on individual samples, based on a sample size of >30,000 twins, published between 1997 and 2018. Our results revealed an overall monozygotic twin correlation of .58, and an overall dizygotic twin correlation of .28, resulting in a heritability estimate of 60%. The heritability of self-control did not vary across gender or age. The heritability did differ across informants, with stronger heritability estimates based on parent report versus self-report or observations.


The MZ correlation was twice as large as the DZ correlation, indicating little to no evidence for shared environmental effects. Rather, these results suggest that environmental effects on self-control, that explain 40% of the variance, are unique to individuals. This is in line with the standardized variance estimates reported by the studies, where76% of the studies reported no or very little influence of the shared environment on the variance in self-control.
reddit  commentary  akrasia  genetics  cog-psych  psychology  gwern  discipline  ssc  ratty  variance-components  twin-study  genetic-correlation  study  correlation  aversion  decision-making  the-monster  biodet  🌞  self-control  focus  inhibition  procrastination  behavioral-gen  multi  environmental-effects  curvature  null-result  convexity-curvature  piracy  pdf  meta-analysis 
august 2016 by nhaliday
Getting (Unremarkable) Things Done: The Problem With David Allen’s Universalism - Study Hacks - Cal Newport
As a graduate student, I didn’t need better lists of next actions. I needed instead to be training my ability to focus hard on meaningful things for long periods of time — even after it becomes uncomfortable.

It’s here that Allen apologists might try to force these two worlds together. They might suggest, for example, that you could simply have a next action labeled: “spend many hours obsessively doing deep work on problem X.” But such efforts soon reveal their inadequacy.

Deep work is fundamentally different than the shallow (though still important) work of keeping on top of the little things required to function personally and professionally.

At least, this is the compromise I’ve adopted. I embrace GTD for organizing shallow work. It is, as many will attest, devastatingly effective for this purpose. But I think of deep work as something different altogether. A philosophy of life that requires its own strategies.
advice  productivity  workflow  critique  hmm  gtd  aversion  attention  time-use  focus 
june 2016 by nhaliday

bundles : disciplineemojigrowthng

related tags

:/  ability-competence  abstraction  academia  advice  africa  akrasia  alignment  analysis  apollonian-dionysian  art  article  attention  authoritarianism  aversion  baez  behavioral-econ  behavioral-gen  being-becoming  benevolence  biases  big-picture  bio  biodet  blowhards  bootstraps  bounded-cognition  business  carcinisation  charity  chart  clarity  class  clever-rats  cocktail  cog-psych  comedy  commentary  communism  compensation  concept  conceptual-vocab  concrete  confidence  contradiction  contrarianism  convexity-curvature  cooperate-defect  coordination  core-rats  correlation  courage  cracker-econ  critique  culture  culture-war  curiosity  curvature  cybernetics  data  decision-making  deep-materialism  democracy  discipline  discovery  discussion  disease  domestication  dysgenics  economics  econotariat  eden  eden-heaven  education  effect-size  egalitarianism-hierarchy  embodied  embodied-pack  emotion  ems  enhancement  entropy-like  environmental-effects  envy  epistemic  essay  ethics  evolution  evopsych  exploration-exploitation  exploratory  farmers-and-foragers  fashun  fertility  field-study  finance  fire  flux-stasis  focus  formal-values  frontier  futurism  genetic-correlation  genetics  good-evil  growth  GT-101  gtd  guilt-shame  gwern  habit  hanson  happy-sad  hari-seldon  heuristic  higher-ed  hmm  homo-hetero  humanity  humility  hypocrisy  ideas  idk  impact  impro  increase-decrease  info-dynamics  inhibition  innovation  insight  instinct  integrity  internet  intervention  intricacy  janus  journos-pundits  labor  language  learning  legibility  len:long  lexical  links  list  local-global  long-term  longform  love-hate  low-hanging  malaise  management  mathtariat  meaningness  meta-analysis  meta:rhetoric  metabuch  metameta  mindful  minimalism  mobility  models  morality  multi  murray  nature  near-far  neuro  neuro-nitgrit  neurons  news  nibble  nitty-gritty  null-result  objektbuch  optimate  optimism  order-disorder  org:bleg  org:econlib  org:edge  org:edu  org:junk  org:local  org:mag  org:ngo  org:rec  org:sci  outdoors  p:***  p:whenever  parallax  parasites-microbiome  parenting  patience  pdf  personality  pessimism  phalanges  philosophy  pinker  piracy  planning  poast  policy  political-econ  postmortem  postrat  prediction  prejudice  presentation  primitivism  prioritizing  procrastination  productivity  proposal  psychiatry  psychology  public-health  q-n-a  questions  rant  rat-pack  rationality  ratty  recent-selection  reddit  reference  reflection  regularizer  regulation  rhetoric  rhythm  right-wing  rigor  risk  roots  rot  s:*  s:**  s:***  sanctity-degradation  sapiens  science  science-anxiety  scitariat  security  self-control  self-interest  sex  sexuality  signal-noise  signaling  signum  singularity  social  social-norms  social-psych  sociality  society  sociology  software  solid-study  spearhead  speculation  speedometer  spock  ssc  stagnation  stamina  status  stoic  strategy  stress  structure  study  studying  stylized-facts  subculture  subjective-objective  success  summary  survival  symmetry  systematic-ad-hoc  tech  technology  techtariat  the-monster  theory-of-mind  thick-thin  things  thinking  time  time-use  top-n  toxo-gondii  trends  trust  truth  twin-study  twitter  unaffiliated  uncertainty  unintended-consequences  vague  values  variance-components  vgr  video  virtu  vitality  volo-avolo  west-hunter  westminster  wiki  wire-guided  wonkish  workflow  working-stiff  writing  zeitgeist  🌞  🎩  👽  🤖  🦉 

Copy this bookmark: