mike + education   14

How to Raise a Genius: Lessons from a 45-Year Study of Supersmart Children - Scientific American
Such results contradict long-established ideas suggesting that expert performance is built mainly through practice—that anyone can get to the top with enough focused effort of the right kind. SMPY, by contrast, suggests that early cognitive ability has more effect on achievement than either deliberate practice or environmental factors such as socio-economic status.

The SMPY data supported the idea of accelerating fast learners by allowing them to skip school grades. In a comparison of children who bypassed a grade with a control group of similarly smart children who didn't, the grade-skippers were 60% more likely to earn doctorates or patents and more than twice as likely to get a PhD in a STEM field. Acceleration is common in SMPY's elite 1-in-10,000 cohort, whose intellectual diversity and rapid pace of learning make them among the most challenging to educate. Advancing these students costs little or nothing, and in some cases may save schools money, says Lubinski. “These kids often don't need anything innovative or novel,” he says, “they just need earlier access to what's already available to older kids.”

Many educators and parents continue to believe that acceleration is bad for children—that it will hurt them socially, push them out of childhood or create knowledge gaps. But education researchers generally agree that acceleration benefits the vast majority of gifted children socially and emotionally, as well as academically and professionally.
12 weeks ago by mike
Why Cal State L.A. turns the most low-income students into top earners - CSMonitor.com
The research, based on administrative data of 30 million American college students between 1999 and 2013, showed the colleges with the top five upward mobility rates in the nation: Cal State LA was first (9.9 percent). The State University of New York (SUNY), Stony Brook (8.4 percent); City University of New York’s system (CUNY) (7.2 percent); California’s Glendale Community College (7.1 percent); and University of Texas, El Paso (6.8 percent), rounded out the top five. To put those numbers in perspective, the average upward mobility rate across all US colleges is less than 2 percent.
education  usa  california 
march 2018 by mike
Stumbling and Mumbling: What do earnings tell us?
Sam Gyimah’s proposal that universities be ranked by graduates’ earnings has been criticized as missing the point that the purpose of a university education is more than personal enrichment. There are, however, other problems with it. I’ll take just seven:

First, at what stage of graduates’ careers do you measure earnings?

Secondly, there’s a massive variation in earnings.

Thirdly, qualifications alone do not determine earnings: a passing glance at your contemporaries will tell you this.

Fourthly, earnings can be enhanced by irrationality. In particular, overconfident people are likely to do better than ones with a rational assessment of their ability. A good university – surely – would teach its students to be rational.

Fifthly, and perhaps relatedly, we know that people from posh backgrounds earn more than those from poor ones even with the same qualifications.

Sixthly, even if we grant that we could measure how universities enhance earnings, by controlling for all the other factors that influence earnings, what would this tell us? It would tell us what universities were like a few years ago. But what use is that to someone considering attending now?

Seventhly, any university worth the name will encourage a sense of curiosity in its students. This, however, might not enhance their earnings.
education  academia  uk 
march 2018 by mike
Outsmarted | Rick Perlstein
He cites former Harvard president and economics wizard Lawrence Summers, and observes, “Being extremely intelligent is rather like fucking sheep—once you’ve got a reputation for either, it’s extremely difficult to get rid of it.”

“Why do working-class Bush voters tend to resent intellectuals more than they do the rich?” David Graeber asked in 2007. “It seems to me the answer is simple. They can imagine a scenario in which they might become rich but cannot possibly imagine one in which they, or any of their children, would become members of the intelligentsia.”
politics  culture  education  usa 
november 2017 by mike
The Theoretical Minimum
A number of years ago I became aware of the large number of physics enthusiasts out there who have no venue to learn modern physics and cosmology.  Fat advanced textbooks are not suitable to people who have no teacher to ask questions of, and the popular literature does not go deeply enough to satisfy these curious people.  So I started a series of courses on modern physics at Stanford University where I am a professor of physics.  The courses are specifically aimed at people who know, or once knew, a bit of algebra and calculus, but are more or less beginners.
physics  education 
september 2017 by mike
The DADSS Midterm Grading Procedure
score = 1 + ln(p)/ln(4), where p is probability you assign to correct answer
statistics  probability  education 
april 2017 by mike
PPE: the Oxford degree that runs Britain
Oxford PPE, he wrote, “gives no training in scholarship, only refining to a high degree of perfection the ability to write short dilettantish essays on the basis of very little knowledge: ideal training for the social engineer”.
economics  oxford  education  politics  philosophy 
march 2017 by mike
Plutocrats at Work: How Big Philanthropy Undermines Democracy | Dissent Mag
“One hundred years later, big philanthropy still aims to solve the world’s problems—with foundation trustees deciding what is a problem and how to fix it. They may act with good intentions, but they define “good.” The arrangement remains thoroughly plutocratic: it is the exercise of wealth-derived power in the public sphere with minimal democratic controls and civic obligations.”

“The main rationale for both the tax exemption and the charitable contribution tax deduction (created in 1917) is to stimulate private giving. Yet this is a weak rationale when applied to the super-rich; a more effective way to stimulate their giving would be to raise the estate and capital gains taxes. It is a meaningless rationale for the 65 percent of American taxpayers who don’t itemize their deductions and therefore can’t use the charity tax break.”

“Sycophancy is built into the structure of philanthropy: grantees shape their work to please their benefactors; they are perpetual supplicants for future funding. As a result, foundation executives and trustees almost never receive critical feedback. They are treated like royalty, which breeds hubris—the occupational disorder of philanthro-barons”

“When the creator of a mega-foundation says, “I can do what I want because it’s my money,” he or she is wrong. A substantial portion of the wealth—35 percent or more, depending on tax rates—has been diverted from the public treasury, where voters would have determined its use.”
charity  philanthropy  usa  Tax  politics  education 
may 2016 by mike
DS12 | Overview
🤔 "Python and R are the legacy languages of data science; however, both were designed during the single processor era and are beginning to show their limitations. That’s why we’ve chosen to teach Scala, DataScience’s programming language of choice. Despite being embraced by companies like Twitter, Netflix, and LinkedIn, Scala is largely perceived as “too difficult” for the average data scientist."
functional  datascience  losangeles  education 
april 2016 by mike
Doctors of Doom: What a PhD Really Means in the US National Security Community | VICE News
“The number of doctorates awarded to the IC has increased steadily since 9/11. Between 1981 and 2014, the number of PhDs among Top Secret workers has grown many hundreds percent, while the total number of doctoral degrees grew just 42 percent in civil society during the same time frame. However, hardly any intelligence professionals enter the IC with a PhD, a fact confirmed by internal studies done by the government.

Online for-profit schools currently dominate the awarding of doctorate degrees to intelligence professionals, with four private for-profit online schools — Capella University, Walden University, the University of Phoenix, and Northcentral University — awarding the most degrees, almost 15 percent of the total. The top schools producing doctorates before 9/11 were the University of Texas at Austin, George Washington University, and Georgetown University. According to the Department of Education, this shift reflects a broader emergence of distance learning in the US, even at the doctoral level.”
security  academia  cia  espionage  usa  education 
february 2016 by mike
INFO 88 Data and Ethics
A Spring 2016 Data Science Connector Course

CCN: 41505 | Anna Lauren Hoffman | Tuesday 3:30-5:30 PM | 210 South Hall | Units: 2
datascience  ethics  education 
january 2016 by mike
Pedagogical Approaches to Data Ethics | Council for Big Data, Ethics, and Society
This report examines data ethics curricula and trainings from undergraduate and online courses to masters and doctorate programs, and provides historical background information, federal funding requirements, and current trends.
education  datascience  Ethics 
january 2016 by mike

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