juliusbeezer + orwell   18

Down and Almost Out in Scotland: George Orwell, 1948, and Nineteen Eighty-Four | Absolutely Maybe
Random allocation of patients to receive some of the limited supply of streptomycin was an equitable way of distributing the drug. It was also the way to find out more about the magnitude of streptomycin’s beneficial effects in a form of TB from which many people recover spontaneously, and about the drug’s unwanted effects, including the development of drug-resistant forms of TB. The first patients entered the trial in 1947.

Orwell’s hospital was not one of the hospitals in the trial: in fact, no Scottish hospital was included (MRC 1948b). That didn’t make any difference for Orwell – he wouldn’t have been eligible to participate in the study for several reasons, including his age (he was too old).

However, even with narrow entry criteria, the trial did help many people. Instead of languishing for months on a waiting list, being chosen for the trial meant that people were admitted to hospital within a week, even if they weren’t going to end up in the group of patients randomized to receive the drug.
orwell  medicine  healthcare  science 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
What Orwell can teach us about the language of terror and war | Books | The Guardian
In an essay on Camus, whom he, like Orwell, admired greatly, Merton says that the writer’s task “is not suddenly to burst out into the dazzle of utter unadulterated truth but laboriously to reshape an accurate and honest language that will permit communication … instead of multiplying a Babel of esoteric and technical tongues”. Against the language of power, which seeks to establish a perfect self-referentiality, the writer opposes a language of “laborious” honesty. Instead of public speech being the long echo of absolute and unchallengeable definitions supplied by authority – definitions that tell you once and for all how to understand the world’s phenomena – the good writer attempts to speak in a way that is open to the potential challenge of a reality she or he does not own and control.
writing  orwell  camus 
december 2015 by juliusbeezer
George Orwell for Interpreters
It was a strange experience to interpret George Orwell's biographer Michael Shelden a few months ago. For the first time in what felt like years, most of my prep had consisted of plain old reading—no terminology searches, no checking Wikipedia for further background, just diving into a book and discovering the life of Eric Blair. Only the day before the job did it dawn upon me that I should probably refresh my Newspeak ...
We interpreters (well, some of us!) love to channel our inner curmudgeon and inveigh against jargon, empty statements, PC language, and clichés, but dealing in rhetoric is part of our job, and many of us have a taste for it. We become experts at using set phrases to facilitate note taking in consecutive and unburden our working memory in simultaneous. A passing reference to counting chickens can deliver a long-winded admonition in a nutshell and help you catch up with a fast-paced speaker.
interpreting  language  writing  orwell 
september 2015 by juliusbeezer
George Orwell was not a language fascist: Why we keep misinterpreting his words - Salon.com
As flagrantly as he misrepresents Orwell, Self does speak to a real divide among contemporary writers, particularly writers of fiction. There is an approach that seeks to write elegantly and even beautifully but not in a fashion that calls much attention to the writing as writing. These are authors who (to use Orwell’s own metaphor) aim to make their prose a pane of clear glass through which the reader can see the world they describe. The other school, which owes much of its approach to poetry, are makers of stained-glass windows. They place language in the foreground and believe that what an author has to say matters less than how he says it.
orwell  writing  politics 
september 2014 by juliusbeezer
David Hadbawnik
Conceptualism is hardly alone in that, but it’s been exceptionally savvy and procedural in its resistance to critique. The procedure is: You don’t get it. Which is what every poet has been saying in response to rejection from probably the first poet whose lines didn’t go over on the wall of a cave somewhere. But it’s a two-sided “you don’t get it” that flips according to the tone of the response. You don’t get it because you are taking it too seriously, you don’t have a sense of humor; or you don’t get it because you’re not smart enough, you haven’t read the theory and you don’t understand it. So you’re dumb or you’re humorless or both.
All of those theoretical approaches are valid in their own right but they are aimed at producing an academic paper on the poetry rather than learning how the poetry works, i.e. learning how to write poetry. As a student, you very quickly get sucked into this mindspace, learning not only how to talk about poetry in the academy but also how to produce poetry that can be talked about in an academic way. I’ve seen this happen over and over again, where a young poet is doing something very interesting, which is smart and experimental but also has a sort of vulnerability and innocence, and within a year or so of being in the academy all the vulnerability and innocence is gone, and they are going for the knowing laugh... Conceptualism attempts to carve out a space in the academy and the art world; it is aligned with the Big University, with Big Art. It does not really wish to trouble those institutions. It is not a kind of art you can take with you to the barricades... I re-read 1984 recently and Orwell’s idea of the “Fiction Department,” where novels are written by machines, is almost prescient in its description of things like Flarf and certain appropriative strains of conceptualism.
poetry  literature  goldsmith  orwell  education  writing  theory 
june 2014 by juliusbeezer
Songwriter's Notebook: Chelsea and Me
Chelsea is a woman, has always been a woman. Rovics caves into the madness that is trans. I try to help.
sex  history  orwell  dccomment 
january 2014 by juliusbeezer
Orwell: Politics and the English Language
What am I trying to say?
What words will express it?
What image or idiom will make it clearer?
Is this image fresh enough to have an effect?

And he will probably ask himself two more:

Could I put it more shortly?
Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly?
writing  orwell  english 
december 2013 by juliusbeezer
WASHINGTON: Americans’ personal data shared with CIA, IRS, others in security probe | National Security & Defense | McClatchy DC
Feds gather consumer info (a 'how to beat the polygraph' book purchase) and disseminate 4,904 strong list across 30 federal agencies.
surveillance  privacy  psychology  spectacle  thought  crime  orwell 
november 2013 by juliusbeezer
Getting to “No”: Snowball’s Chance, Animal Farm, and “Exemplary Truth” |
Reed wrote Snowball’s Chance in 2001, during the weeks after the September 11 attacks. Like Animal Farm, it is a work of outrage, much of it aimed at the consumerism and foreign policy of the turn-of-the-millennium US. But Reed was upfront from the beginning that he was also taking aim at Orwell himself, announcing at the time, “My intention is to blast Orwell. I’m really doing my best to annihilate him.” Snowball’s Chance is not merely a continuation of Orwell’s novella; it is a deconstruction of it.

Moses is one of Animal Farm’s most well rendered characters, telling tales about a place called Sugarcandy Mountain, where “it was Sunday seven days a week, clover was in season all the year round, and lump sugar and linseed cake grew on the hedges.” Regardless of one’s own religious views, Orwell’s satire bites hard — Moses is a tool of the oppressive Mr. Jones, and his stories are obviously lies. I cannot think of a more brutal satire of religion, at least not in a book that gets invoked by Republican presidential candidates. Though unsubtle, Sugarcandy Mountain is memorable and cutting.
orwell  literature 
october 2013 by juliusbeezer
Orwellian Language Update - BSNEWS
I’ve been working this terrain of Orwellian language for many years, and find it interesting to see how much the earlier Orwellian language retains its pertinence even as fresh usage is brought forth to meet contemporary demands. In my first effort along this line, The Great Society Dictionary (with cartoons by Ron Cobb), which dates back to 1968 and the Vietnam War years (my God, how venerable is this author), I included words like:

Boondoggle: “A small welfare expenditure” (see “Defense Expenditure”)
Credibility: “The public’s capacity for absorbing official lies”
Military-Industrial Complex:“The Pentagon and Its Hundred Neediest Cases”
Nation-building: “Nation-busting” (see “Save”)
orwell  politics  language  writing 
october 2013 by juliusbeezer
Media Lens - The Mystery Of The Missing Clocks
Chomsky argues, for example, that George Orwell's Animal Farm and 1984 were embraced as great novels, and standard school texts, not because they were particularly profound, but because they attacked the Soviet Union:

‘Fame, Fortune and Respect await those who reveal the crimes of official enemies; those who undertake the vastly more important task of raising a mirror to their own societies can expect quite different treatment. George Orwell is famous for Animal Farm and 1984, which focus on the official enemy. Had he addressed the more interesting and significant question of thought control in relatively free and democratic societies, it would not have been appreciated, and instead of wide acclaim, he would have faced silent dismissal or obloquy.’ (Noam Chomsky, Deterring Democracy, Hill And Wang, 1992, p.372)
orwell  writing  irony 
september 2013 by juliusbeezer
Sarah Stillman: The Use and Abuse of Civil Forfeiture : The New Yorker
whether, in the absence of a judicial finding of guilt, the state should be able to take possession of your property—has been debated since before American independence. In the Colonial period, the English Crown issued “writs of assistance” that permitted customs officials to enter homes or vessels and seize whatever they deemed contraband. As the legal scholars Eric Blumenson and Eva Nilsen have noted, these writs were “among the key grievances that triggered the American Revolution.”
irony  orwell 
august 2013 by juliusbeezer
George Orwell’s preface for the Ukrainian translation of Animal Farm (March 1947) | George Orwell Novels
On my return from Spain I thought of exposing the Soviet myth in a story that could be easily understood by almost anyone and which could be easily translated into other languages. However, the actual details of the story did not come to me for some time until one day (I was then living in a small village) I saw a little boy driving a huge cart-horse, whipping it whenever it tried to turn... I proceeded to analyse Marx’s theory from the animals’ point of view. To them it was clear that the concept of a class struggle between humans was pure illusion, since whenever it was necessary to exploit animals, all humans united against them: the true struggle is between animals and humans... I did not write it out till 1943...Thus the main outlines of the story were in my mind over a period of six years before it was actually written...I do not wish to comment on the work; if it does not speak for itself, it is a failure. But I should like to emphasise two points: first, that although the various episodes are taken from the actual history of the Russian Revolution, they are dealt with schematically and their chronological order is changed; this was necessary for the symmetry of the story.
writing  translation  screwmeneutics  literature  orwell 
february 2013 by juliusbeezer
Talk:Moses the raven - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It's time for a pop at the over-Sovietistic interpretation of Orwell's Animal Farm, and LFC is just the man to do it:
orwell  literature  wikipedia  from twitter
october 2012 by juliusbeezer
The Times Correction Glacier: Julian Assange | NYTimes eXaminer
NewsDiffs tracks technical, stylistic and substantive changes in well-placed Times articles after they have been published on-line. Careful analysis of the data shows that substantive edits and overwrites to whole swaths of an article — which are of great significance — are made by the Times without any explanatory or corrective notes. Since launching three weeks’ ago, NewsDiffs — which only records a fraction of what the Times publishes daily — has tracked more than 800 Times articles.
journalism  orwell  internet  wikileaks 
july 2012 by juliusbeezer
Anthony Burgess: Confessions of the hack trade | Culture | The Observer
In his essay on the reviewer, Orwell made a very astute remark, to the effect that most books make no impression at all on the reviewer, and hence an attitude to the book must be contrived. One must fabricate a feeling towards something that arouses no feeling. Hence the conjuring of an attitude towards the author her or himself which, since the book has wasted one's time, might as well be one of malice. I personally show malice very rarely
journalism  reviews  writing  orwell 
march 2012 by juliusbeezer
Amazon is not Big Brother - Telegraph
My comment, which starkly contradicted the Telegraph's writer Andrew Keen (qu'est
jbcomment  orwell  amazon 
july 2009 by juliusbeezer
Untitled (http://www.techmeme.com/090717/p58#a090717p58)
Remote deletion of 1984 and Animal Farm from Kindle ebooks after Orwell estate pulls plug on deal.
youcouldntmakeitup  newmedia  kindle  ebooks  orwell  from twitter
july 2009 by juliusbeezer

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