juliusbeezer + driving   183

Are cars the new tobacco? | Journal of Public Health | Oxford Academic
We present routine data and literature on the health impacts of private car use; the activities of the ‘car lobby' and factors underpinning car dependence. We compare these with experience of tobacco.
driving  agnotology  health 
3 days ago by juliusbeezer
Football agent guilty of killing man while texting behind wheel on M6 | World news | The Guardian
The court heard that Morrison’s speed before the “catastrophic” collision last February was “grossly excessive”. He had travelled at an average of 81mph for 23 miles beforehand, with one driver describing a vehicle going past him “like a missile”.

Forensic analysis of Morrison’s white Apple iPhone revealed he exchanged 25 WhatsApp messages in the 23 miles before the crash, just south of Tebay.

The last was sent to Championship footballer Zach Clough just 96 seconds before impact – a video link to a wonder goal the striker had scored for Bolton Wanderers. Clough responded in a text received by the agent’s phone after the crash: “Not bad was it, ha ha.”
driving  road_safety  crash_report  attention 
12 days ago by juliusbeezer
Bike Snob NYC: BSNYC Field Trip: 2017 Philly Bike Expo
as I cruised around the test track I caught myself thinking that if anything has the ability to bring everyday riding to the lazy, complacent American masses then pedal assist is it, and if this doesn't do it then we're all dying in our Hyundais, end of story.
ebikes  cycling  us  driving 
12 days ago by juliusbeezer
The Three Students Who Discovered Dieselgate - SPIEGEL ONLINE
The biggest problem with diesel engines was not carbon emissions, as it is with gasoline engines, but nitrogen oxide (NOx). The U.S. permits much lower nitrogen oxide emissions than Europe does, but certain technologies made it possible to lower emissions to American NOx emissions standards. They, on the other hand, brought a different set of problems - more on them later. ...
The thinking was that if VW's diesel cars had to abide by such strict emissions standards in the U.S., then the company might as well make a virtue of necessity and promote its turbo diesel engines as "green."

"It's not that there was suspicion. On the contrary," says Arvind. "We were just very curious. These diesel emission technologies were quite new. And we knew they worked on paper. But they had never been tested in passenger cars under real driving conditions."
VWgate  pollution  driving 
21 days ago by juliusbeezer
Electric Vehicles, Batteries, Cobalt, and Rare Earth Metals  - Union of Concerned Scientists
A lot of these warnings have been incorrectly categorized under “EVs and rare earth metals.” Though neither lithium nor cobalt are rare earth metals, and rare earth metals aren’t nearly as rare as precious metals like gold, platinum, and palladium, there are important issues surrounding the production of lithium-ion batteries that must be acknowledged and addressed.
Cobalt, a bluish-gray metal found in the Earth’s crust, is one of today’s preferred components used to make the lithium-ion batteries that power laptops, cell phones, and EVs. Cobalt is mined all over the world, but 50 to 60 percent of the global supply comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which has a poor human rights track record. According to UNICEF and Amnesty International, around 40,000 children are involved in cobalt mining in DRC where they make only $1 – $2 USD per day. DRC’s cobalt trade has been the target of criticism for nearly a decade, and the U.S. Labor Department lists Congolese cobalt as a product it has reason to think is produced by child labor. More troubling, cobalt demand has tripled in the past five years and is projected to at least double again by 2020.
energy  driving  technology 
24 days ago by juliusbeezer
Pays-Bas. Téléphoner au volant sera bientôt puni d’une peine de prison | Courrier international
D’après la VVN, l’association de prévention routière du pays, un quart des accidents de la route sont dus au smartphone. Elle plaide pour que leur utilisation soit punie de la même façon que la conduite en état d’ivresse.

À l’heure actuelle, l’utilisation d’un téléphone au volant aux Pays-Bas est passible d’une amende de 230 euros, qu’il s’agisse d’une conversation téléphonique ou de l’utilisation d’une appli. En France, on risque une amende de 135 euros ainsi que le retrait de 3 points de son permis de conduire
attention  driving  telephony  netherlands  france  law 
25 days ago by juliusbeezer
China Fossil Fuel Deadline Shifts Focus to Electric Car Race - Bloomberg
The world’s second-biggest economy, which has vowed to cap its carbon emissions by 2030 and curb worsening air pollution, is the latest to join countries such as the U.K. and France seeking to phase out vehicles using gasoline and diesel. The looming ban on combustion-engine automobiles will goad both local and global automakers to focus on introducing more zero-emission electric cars to help clean up smog-choked major cities.

“The implementation of the ban for such a big market like China can be later than 2040,” said Liu Zhijia, an assistant general manager at Chery Automobile Co., the country’s biggest passenger car exporter that unveiled a new line for upscale battery-powered and plug-in hybrid models at the Frankfurt motor show last week. “That will leave plenty of time for everyone to prepare.”
driving  china  pollution 
26 days ago by juliusbeezer
Culture Shock: Biking in NYC – Beyond the Automobile
Recently, I finally had a chance to experience biking in New York first-hand during a free day on a recent visit to the city. I bought a day pass for the CitiBike Bike Share (for just $14) and set out on a day-long adventure across Manhattan and some of its boroughs. In short, bicycling in New York is chaos; it’s beyond anything I’ve experienced in Toronto, which by comparison seems like a Canadian politeness contest...
Congestion and traffic brings out the worst in all of us and New York is no exception. Throughout the day, I experienced constant selfish and risky endeavors from all road users (cyclists included). Drivers turning right across my path, cutting each other off, pulling over in front of me, other cyclists passing or merging on my left and right without notice, running red lights and lots of pedestrians crossing on red lights or walking in bike lanes. It was very much an every-person-for-themselves situation.

For the transit capital of North America, NY is astoundingly car-centric. Multi-lane, one-way arterials make up most of Manhattan’s streets, with the city’s many bridges and highways bringing a significant amount of motor vehicle traffic into the city daily. This massive volume of cars is accommodated by providing parking on both sides of just about every street. Most of the side streets are made of one traffic lane with a lane of parked cars on each side. It’s an incredibly inefficient use of public space, especially in a place where space is so precious.
cycling  us  driving 
26 days ago by juliusbeezer
Bicycle Suspension Is Evil | Outside Online
riding a bicycle can be a contemplative process, and after years of pedaling I've broken through to a place where the sheer malevolence of the car is something I can no longer unsee. I'm like "Rowdy" Roddy Piper in They Live, only it's the bike and not the sunglasses that's revealing the subliminal messages.

Maybe that's why some people seem to hate bikes so much: pedal one for long enough and eventually you'll arrive at the truth.
driving  cycling  philosophy 
26 days ago by juliusbeezer
Smartphones Are Killing Americans, But Nobody’s Counting - Bloomberg
Out of NHTSA’s full 2015 dataset, only 448 deaths were linked to mobile phones—that’s just 1.4 percent of all traffic fatalities. By that measure, drunk driving is 23 times more deadly than using a phone while driving, though studies have shown that both activities behind the wheel constitute (on average) a similar level of impairment. NHTSA has yet to fully crunch its 2016 data, but the agency said deaths tied to distraction actually declined last year.

There are many reasons to believe mobile phones are far deadlier than NHTSA spreadsheets suggest. Some of the biggest indicators are within the data itself. In more than half of 2015 fatal crashes, motorists were simply going straight down the road—no crossing traffic, rainstorms, or blowouts. Meanwhile, drivers involved in accidents increasingly mowed down things smaller than a Honda Accord, such as pedestrians or cyclists, many of whom occupy the side of the road or the sidewalk next to it. Fatalities increased inordinately among motorcyclists (up 6.2 percent in 2016) and pedestrians (up 9 percent).
driving  road_safety  attention  us  science  psychology 
26 days ago by juliusbeezer
Motorcycles and emissions: The surprising facts - LA Times
Motorcycles and scooters are, on average, about twice as fuel efficient as cars. Compact and lightweight, their internal-combustion engines do a better job of converting fuel into energy that makes the vehicle move. But extracting more energy from the fuel has a downside. It produces greater amounts of a smog-forming emission called oxides of nitrogen.
driving  pollution  motorvehicles  airpollution 
4 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
'Shocking' short film targets young adults using phone while driving | World news | The Guardian
Academy award winning film-maker Eva Orner has directed the centrepiece of Victoria’s latest road safety campaign, targeting young adults who use their mobile phone while driving.

The 22-minute documentary, It’s People Like Us, follows five young drivers who allowed Orner to place cameras in their cars for 10 days, recording every moment they looked down to check or send a text, took a call, or, in one case, sent a series of selfies on Snapchat.

The footage is intercut with interviews of the young adults describing their phone use. None seemed aware of how frequently they used their phone while driving.
attention  road_safety  driving 
5 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
The Brexit Blog: The German car industry and Brexit
Whilst the main Brexiter fantasy about the German car industry is that it will enforce a good trade deal, it also figures along with the car industries of other countries in the fantasy that Brexit will not impede inward investment. So, unsurprisingly, they greeted the news that BMW are going to build the electric Mini in the UK with great glee. But that glee was misplaced for several reasons. First, the investment is relatively small in car industry terms, involves no new production line and the main components will be built in Germany. The key issue is where car companies decide to build all-new models. Second, it does not negate the fact that car industry investment has collapsed catastrophically as a result of Brexit, from £1.66billion in 2016 to just £332M in the first half of 2017.

The real point, however, is this. No one ever claimed that Brexit would put an end to investment in the UK, just that it would reduce it. But Brexiters disparaged these and other warnings by a kind of reductio ad absurdum.
uk  politics  Brexit  driving 
6 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Lawyer cleared over grandfather’s death at zebra crossing | London Evening Standard
Basant Lal Sharma, 91, was struck by lawyer Charlotte Griffiths as she drove to work through Wanstead in May last year.

The retired father-of-five was on his morning walk to the park. He died from severe head injuries in hospital.

Ms Griffiths, 26, told the Old Bailey that Mr Sharma must have stepped onto the crossing from behind a tree as she accelerated her blue Ford Fiesta to 10mph in second gear. After a two-day trial, during which she wept in court, she was cleared of causing death by careless driving yesterday.
crash_report  driving  London 
6 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
L’excès de vitesse a coûté la vie à un cycliste à Condren - lunion.fr
C’est un conducteur trop pressé qui comparaissait hier au tribunal pour homicide involontaire. Le prévenu a fauché le 5 janvier dernier un cycliste en plein après-midi sur une ligne droite. Ce jour-là, la victime, âgée de 69 ans, roulait boulevard des Aulnes à Condren sur son cyclo. Le retraité tournait pour quitter la route et rejoindre un chemin, quand en face de lui est arrivé une Mercedes qui n’a pas su l’éviter. À l’époque, le cycliste grièvement blessé avait été héliporté vers l’hôpital, il était mort une semaine plus tard de ses blessures.
crash_report  driving  cycling  france 
6 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Revealed: every Londoner breathing dangerous levels of toxic air particle | Environment | The Guardian
The scale of London’s air pollution crisis was laid bare on Wednesday, with new figures showing that every person in the capital is breathing air that exceeds global guidelines for one of the most dangerous toxic particles.

The research, based on the latest updated London Atmospheric Emissions Inventory, shows that every area in the capital exceeds World Health Organisation (WHO) limits for a damaging type of particle known as PM2.5.

It also found that 7.9 million Londoners – nearly 95% of the capital’s population – live in areas that exceed the limit by 50% or more. In central London the average annual levels are almost double the WHO limit of 10 µg/m3.
driving  airpollution  London 
6 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
You're nicked: most common motoring offences revealed - Read Cars
One in three (34%) of drivers admitted to doing something illegal on the road in the last 14 days, while two out of three (64%) confessed to committing as many as five illegal acts in their vehicle a month – and of these, 72% were men.
road_safety  law  uk  driving 
6 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Sorry Mate I didn’t See You or SMIDSY? :Hudgell Solicitors™‎
The SMIDSY, or Driver/Rider Failed to look properly, is by far the most common cause of crashes involving motorcycles. In fact it is the most common cause for all vehicle types with the second most common cause being ‘Failed to judge another vehicles path or speed’. These two factors contribute to nearly half of all collisions each year.

There have been numerous articles about how the eye works in relation to seeing, but the issue goes much deeper, right into our brains core.

This isn’t a motorcycle issue, it’s a human issue.
cycling  driving  psychology  physiology  road_safety 
7 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Riding Begets Riding | Outside Online
The fact that I was wasting my cycling life by using a car to ride didn't dawn on my right away. It was more of a creeping realization, reaffirmed by watching people pull up to suburban mountain bike trails in large SUVs, don body armor, and inflate their tires with air compressors just to ride over a few logs for 30 minutes.

Hey, I understand the temptation. When you've got limited time, hopping in a car can mean the difference between doing the same old thing and changing the routine. It's also fun to get a group together, pile in, and take a little road trip. And maybe your immediate surroundings simply aren't conducive to cycling.

But that last reason is exactly why we need to disassociate cars and bikes. Few inventions are as seductive as the motor vehicle, but they also turn everything they touch to shit.
cycling  driving 
7 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Disabled and older campaigners say NO to shared space › Transport for all › Accessible Transport in London
Transport for All (TfA) and the National Federation of the Blind of the UK (NFBUK) were joined by campaigners from across the Country to protest outside Parliament – calling on the Government to stop the introduction of shared space schemes. This came after the Women and Equalities Select Committee Report called for their immediate halt in April of this year. They supported Michael Pringle, who’s three year old child Clinton Pringle was killed in shared space in Jersey last year. Michael Pringle travelled down from Scotland to lead the group to petition Number 10 on this issue.

Shared space schemes are a design concept which removes the barriers between vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists encouraging everybody to share the same road space.
urban  cycling  walking  driving 
9 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Drinking and driving in Europe - IAS
Although the number of road accident deaths in the European Union dropped at the beginning of the 1990s, in recent years, the downward trend has stabilized. In the year 2000, road accidents killed over 40,000 people and injured more than 1.7 million in the fifteen countries of the existing Union. The age group most affected is the 14-25 year olds, for whom road accidents are the prime cause of death. One in three Europeans will be injured in a road traffic accident at some point in their lives. This directly costs the European Union 45 billion euros. Indirect costs (including physical and psychological damage suffered by the victims and their families) are three to four times higher. The annual figure is put at 160 billion euros, equivalent to 2 per cent of the Union's GNP.

The European Commission has estimated that one quarter of these deaths, 10000, are due to alcohol, at a cost of 40 billion euros per annum. This figure is likely to be an underestimate, since the global burden of disease study of the World Health Organization estimated in European countries that 45 per cent of the burden of disability arising from motor vehicle accidents for men and 18 per cent for women is attributable to alcohol. Between 1 per cent and 5 per cent of drivers have blood alcohol levels above their country's maximum limits, accounting for up to 20 per cent of fatal and serious injuries, and up to 25 per cent of driver fatalities. Fatal accidents involving large goods vehicles and buses account for about 18 per cent of all fatal accidents. Once involved in a road accident, large vehicles have the potential to cause severe property damage, disruption, delay, and traffic congestion especially in tunnels, on bridges, on main arterial roads, or in densely populated urban areas.
alcohol  driving  eu 
10 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
CO2 Intensity of Electric Cars | Energy Matters
The bar chart shows that it is mainly countries where electricity is already decarbonised as a result of legacy nuclear and or hydro production that EVs compete with diesel cars on the emissions front (Spain to Paraguay). In all most other countries, EVs will produce similar amounts or more almost as much CO2 than diesel cars, 2 1.7 times as much in India. EVs fare better when compared with petrol cars but not to the extent that would warrant a $10,000 subsidy. And the gasoline car shown has a high fuel consumption of 25 mpg (Table 1). Most petrol cars in Europe will achieve much better fuel consumption than this.

As an additional check, David Mackay [2] quoted a figure (among several others) of 105 g CO2/km for an EV assuming that electricity has a footprint of 500 g CO2 per kWh. That is for driving alone and adding on the manufacturing component we get to 175 gCO2/km which lies in the middle of the numbers discussed here.
driving  climatechange 
12 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
La campagne sans voiture : ça n’existe pas ? – carfree.fr
C’est presque un lieu commun maintenant de dire : « qu’il n’est pas possible de vivre sans voiture à la campagne ». C’est la « pensée unique » des transports en campagne. Si on demande à quelqu’un à quelle distance se situe le village de « pétaou », il nous sera répondu par exemple « 25 minutes », il est implicite que le mode de transport sera la voiture. On saura si une personne est chez elle à la vue de sa voiture garée. On parlera de quelqu’un, en rappelant la marque de sa voiture ou sa couleur. Une route coupée crée un sentiment d’isolation inquiétant. Les alternatives sont systématiquement dénigrées et sous-utilisés. Il y a bien peu de responsabilisation pour sauvegarder un service de transport en commun en l’utilisant, même si cela fait quand même plaisir qu’il existe. Avez-vous vu une seule ferme sans un énorme parking hideux à leur entrée ? La facilité de stationnement et l’absence de congestion rend l’usage de la voiture systématique même pour des distances très courtes.
france  driving 
12 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Vivre à la campagne sans voiture – carfree.fr
’Ademe (l’Agence gouvernementale de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie) a calculé qu’un véhicule revient en moyenne à près de 6 000 euros par an, en comptant l’amortissement, l’entretien, l’assurance et le carburant, soit 500 euros mensuels. Davantage pour les grosses cylindrées et les 4×4. Un automobiliste qui travaille à 20 kilomètres de son domicile dépense entre 200 et 250 euros par mois pour aller travailler. Des coûts à comparer utilement à deux autres chiffres. Un véhicule transporte en moyenne 1,2 personne par trajet et un déplacement sur deux en zone urbaine ne dépasse pas 3 kilomètres.
[De 2008. Le chiffre de nombre des personnes moyen dans un véhicule a évolué ver ~1,7 IIRC —D. 26/8/17]
driving  france 
12 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
What judge said to motorcyclist who caused cyclist's death - Leicester Mercury
Mr Wigoder said Mr Payne, cycling his regular route, heading towards Melton, was 50cm away from the verge when he was struck from behind by the motorbike and “never had a chance”.

He added: “The reason for this accident was this defendant taking a bend at speed which reduced his reaction time.

“This led to panicked braking whilst leaning his bike over at a greater angle and then believing the best course of action was to lay the bike down with disastrous consequences, laying his motorbike down to the nearside.”

The road conditions were clear and dry and the defendant should have had a clear view of Mr Payne when he came round the bend.
crash_report  uk  cycling  driving 
12 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Paris à vélo: la bataille de Rivoli | L'interconnexion n'est plus assurée
Dans une ville aussi dense que Paris, seuls 37% des foyers possèdent une voiture, qui n’est utilisée que pour 13% des trajets, alors que plus de 50% de l’espace est alloué à la circulation et au stationnement.
paris  cycling  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
What to Do if You are Hit by an Uninsured or Untraced Driver
Being in an accident with an uninsured or untraceable driver is understandably frustrating. According to one survey, there were approximately 1.2 million uninsured drivers on the road in 2013 so it’s no wonder accidents involving uninsured drivers are so common. In the UK, third party insurance is the legal minimum insurance required and this covers injuries or damages to other people and vehicles if you’re in an accident.
driving  law  uk 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
«L’art» de relater le décès d’un cycliste – Journal Métro
Joëlle Gélinas, doctorante en communication, a étudié le processus narratif de différents journaux lors du décès de cyclistes en 2016. Elle arrive à la conclusion que le choix des mots et les tournures de phrases évitent d’aborder la responsabilité de l’automobiliste et accentuent celle des cyclistes. Décryptage des trois choses qui ne vont pas dans la phrase suivante: «La cycliste happée mortellement par un camion ne portait pas de casque.»

1. Dépersonnaliser
Une des principales failles de cette formulation consiste à dépersonnaliser le chauffeur. Sur la vingtaine d’articles étudiés, Mme Gélinas a noté que dans 79% des occurrences, les médias utilisent des termes «non humains», tels que «poids lourd», alors que des termes «humains», tels que «chauffeur», auraient pu être utilisés.
cycling  driving  crash_report  france  français 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cars, bicycles and the fatal myth of equal reciprocity
The fact is the Australian road is not a neutral space. It is ordered by what sociologist John Urry calls the system of automobility.

Urry argues that this is the most transformative system the world has ever seen, one that puts the motorised vehicle at its centre. All other forms of travel, he says:

… have to find their place within a landscape predominantly sculpted by the car system.

As well as all the economic and political interests invested in this system, both public and private, we need to consider the social and cultural meanings these produce around the automobile.

In Australia, ideas of maturity, freedom and autonomy are powerfully entwined with the mythos of the car...

At times as a cyclist among the cars I feel like an insurgent in hostile territory. By now some readers might assume I am advocating cyclist rebellion and lawless riding. I’m not. Cyclists should do their best to be civil and rule-abiding on the road, at least where it doesn’t put us in danger.
culture  driving  cycling  sociology  australia 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Mechanisms underlying cognitive conspicuity in the detection of cyclists by car drivers - ScienceDirect
Realism scores were similar and high in both groups. Cyclist-motorists had fewer collisions with cyclists and detected cyclists at a greater distance in all situations, irrespective of cyclist visibility. Several mechanisms underlying the cognitive conspicuity of cyclists for car drivers were considered.
road_safety  cycling  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le Cartel automobile – carfree.fr
l’enquête du Spiegel révèle que l’entente a servi à tout faire pour ne pas se plier aux normes anti-pollution, que ce soit en Europe ou aux Etats-Unis. Sans entrer dans les détails, les constructeurs se sont entendus entre eux pour ne pas développer de systèmes anti-pollution réellement efficaces. Si on était cynique, on dirait que les constructeurs de voitures allemands se sont entendus pour gazer l’Europe…
pollution  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Analysis: Switch to electric vehicles would add just 10% to UK power demand | Carbon Brief
Note that EVs offer CO2 savings even under relatively CO2-heavy electricity grids including coal-fired generation. This is because EVs are more efficient than combustion-engine cars. Similarly, the CO2 associated with manufacturing EV batteries is more than offset by savings during EVs’ lifetimes.

A comprehensive literature review from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) says EVs offer CO2 savings of 40-50% compared to average combustion engine vehicles. This includes full lifecycle emissions including manufacture, use and electricity generation, based on an EU average grid mix. This means EVs could cut global emissions by 1.5 billion tonnes of CO2 per year in 2050, a second ICCT study says.
driving  renewables  energy  climatechange  pollution 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Factcheck: How much power will UK electric vehicles need? | Carbon Brief
In one scenario, where 100% of cars go electric but smart charging and shared autonomous vehicles help manage the impact on the grid, peak demand could be limited to around 6 gigawatts (GW) in 2050. This is equivalent to 10% of the current 60GW peak demand on a cold winter’s day...
scenarios suggest that with 23-25m EVs in 2050, peak demand could be as high as 18GW, or as low as 6GW, depending how well managed the roll out is.
driving  energy  renewables 
july 2017 by juliusbeezer
Autoroutes : comment l’État français organise sa propre spoliation, par Philippe Descamps (Le Monde diplomatique, juillet 2012)
A l’entrée dans le XXIe siècle, l’équipement de la France semble arriver à maturité. Sur les 20 542 kilomètres constituant le réseau routier national en 2011, on compte 3 170 kilomètres d’autoroutes non concédées, qui restent financées par le budget de l’Etat, et 8 771 kilomètres d’autoroutes concédées. Les nouvelles constructions deviennent marginales. La charge des emprunts ne peut aller qu’en s’amenuisant. Devenu premier ministre, M. Jean-Pierre Raffarin (Union pour un mouvement populaire, UMP) prend l’engagement de conserver à l’Etat la responsabilité des autoroutes et de certaines grandes liaisons structurantes pour l’aménagement du territoire.
driving  france 
july 2017 by juliusbeezer
Hate-filled abuse is poisoning Britain. I fought it, and ask you to do the same | Gina Miller | Opinion | The Guardian
Some of the worst threats I received were from Rhodri Philipps, the 4th Viscount St Davids. He posted on Facebook, “£5,000 for the first person to ‘accidentally’ run over this bloody troublesome first generation immigrant”.
driving  crime  uk 
july 2017 by juliusbeezer
Oslo just decided to get rid of its parking spaces | World Economic Forum
Oslo had hoped to be the first major European city to ban cars, but a furious backlash forced the council to think again.
driving  urban 
july 2017 by juliusbeezer
« Spleen en Berry » – carfree.fr
Pour une raison inconnue, l’homme de 46 ans qui venait de Saint-Christophe-en-Boucherie, a vu son véhicule se déporter sur la file de gauche, dans une grande courbe. Il n’a pu éviter la collision avec un autre véhicule qui arrivait en face.
Le choc a été d’une extrême violence...
(On apprendra deux jours plus tard dans le même quotidien que le « conducteur décédé roulait à 160 km/h au lieu de 70 km/h. »)
crash_report  france  driving 
july 2017 by juliusbeezer
£6billion smart motorway project is dubbed a waste of money
Two years after the first smart motorway schemes were completed studies by Highways England have revealed benefits of providing an extra lane are soon lost to extra traffic.

One 16-mile section of the M25 recorded journey times of eight per cent longer during peak periods despite the hard shoulder being operational.

Another 10-mile stretch that benefitted from an additional lane failed to improve journey times, too.

The hard shoulder is now a full-time “running lane” on sections of the M25, M1 and M6 and is due to be removed from another 97 miles by 2020.

Stephen Joseph, head of the Campaign for Better Transport, told The Times changes had been a waste of money.
driving  environment 
june 2017 by juliusbeezer
En Marche ! – carfree.fr
Avec Macron, il est question « de commencer par une convergence « à moyen terme » des fiscalités du gazole et de l’essence » avec de nouvelles primes pour les automobilistes bien sûr. Donc, on ne sait pas trop quand on va commencer à « verdir », mais de toute manière on va distribuer des primes, les futures « macronettes » probablement. Et tout ceci est déjà budgété, apparemment 3 milliards tout de même, soit près de deux fois plus que ce qu’il est prévu de mettre dans le train…

Et là, on parle seulement des primes aux automobilistes, pas des 3,3 milliards qui seront investis dans la route ou même des 250 millions d’euros qui seront consacrés à créer un réseau de bornes de recharge électrique rapide. Car, le Macron voit loin, il veut qu’il n’y ait « plus une seule vente de moteurs thermiques en 2040« . Sauf que dans le même temps (« à la fois »), il veut développer « le véhicule 2 litres » (thermique). Cherchez l’erreur…
france  politics  driving  transport 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Driving…an extinction event | WMP Traffic
piece of technology that precedes the driverless car, the insurance black box. Yes that’s right those little black boxes really do work, it would seem that the threat of having your insurance cancelled and suffering a large financial penalty if you drive to a substandard level seems to work, fancy that…..it’s almost like enforcement by the back door, shame that insurance companies don’t make them mandatory really, the effect would be profound, cheaper policies, better driving, insurance monitoring black boxes literally saving lives, contributing to the wellbeing of society………just a thought. And for those who are screaming “it’s just the big brother nanny state telling us what to do and how to live our lives” just remember, drivers were trusted to do the right thing, but alas can’t, just stand at the side of any road with a speed gun and see how many cars actually exceed the speed limit, most do. Some may complain of the nanny state but it’s become increasingly necessary when it comes to motorised road use, just look at the comments by most drivers regards road safety on social media, attitude says a lot about behaviour, if you went on some comments seen on social media regards sharing the road and improving safety you wouldn’t let these people drive a child’s pedal car around your garden, let alone a vehicle on the road with all the risk that carries.
police  uk  driving  driverless  finance 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
User Equilibrium - Travel Forecasting Resource
Although the term user equilibrium (UE) is not mentioned in Wardrop’s paper1, in the context of transportation modeling, the term is used to describe a route choice assumption formally proposed by Wardrop: “The journey times on all the routes actually used are equal and less than those which would be experienced by a single vehicle on any unused routes”. This criterion is also known as Wardrop’s first principle.

This condition of UE can be described with an example case where an origin destination (OD) pair is connected by two one-way links representing two different routes. Illustrated in Figure 1, the assumed traffic demand between these OD is 3000 vehicle per hour (vph). Fixed characteristics of links utilized in the calculation are listed in Table 1. Travel times on these links are estimated by using a typical Bureau of Public Roads volume delay function shown in equation below where travel time is an increasing function of flow. This type of flow dependent functions for estimating travel time are also called link cost function.
driving  environment  mathematics 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Kerner's breakdown minimization principle - Wikipedia
The breakdown minimization (BM) principle states that the optimum of a traffic network with N network bottlenecks is reached, when dynamic traffic optimization and/or control are performed in the network in such a way that the probability for spontaneous occurrence of traffic breakdown in at least one of the network bottlenecks during a given observation time reaches the minimum possible value. The BM principle is equivalent to the maximization of the probability that traffic breakdown occurs at none of the network bottlenecks.
driving  environment  mathematics 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Route assignment - Wikipedia
The problem of estimating how many users are on each route is long standing. Planners started looking hard at it as freeways and expressways began to be developed. The freeway offered a superior level of service over the local street system, and diverted traffic from the local system. At first, diversion was the technique. Ratios of travel time were used, tempered by considerations of costs, comfort, and level of service.

The Chicago Area Transportation Study (CATS) researchers developed diversion curves for freeways versus local streets. There was much work in California also, for California had early experiences with freeway planning. In addition to work of a diversion sort, the CATS attacked some technical problems that arise when one works with complex networks. One result was the Bellman–Ford–Moore algorithm for finding shortest paths on networks.

The issue the diversion approach didn’t handle was the feedback from the quantity of traffic on links and routes. If a lot of vehicles try to use a facility, the facility becomes congested and travel time increases. Absent some way to consider feedback, early planning studies (actually, most in the period 1960-1975) ignored feedback. They used the Moore algorithm to determine shortest paths and assigned all traffic to shortest paths. That’s called all or nothing assignment because either all of the traffic from i to j moves along a route or it does not...

To take account of the effect of traffic loading on travel times and traffic equilibria, several heuristic calculation procedures were developed. One heuristic proceeds incrementally...

These procedures seem to work “pretty well,” but they are not exact.
driving  environment  mathematics  statistics  gametheory 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Scotland’s first urban average speed camera set for Edinburgh - Edinburgh Evening News
A Police Scotland spokesman said: “Following a national site selection exercise, an average speed camera system has been agreed as the most effective and appropriate intervention.

“In the three years 2013-15, there were six injury collisions on this stretch of Old Dalkeith Road alone, including three resulting in serious injury or a fatality.

“Speed surveys have also been carried out which indicate speed is a continuing concern with a high proportion of vehicles travelling above the speed limit.”

Inspector Vinnie Fisher, Police Scotland’s east safety camera unit manager, said: “Having identified a high casualty rate on Old Dalkeith Road and having ruled out other potential remedial measures, we considered all the tactical options available to combat the excessive speed on the road.
driving  scotland  road_safety 
may 2017 by juliusbeezer
Strict liability in the Netherlands | BICYCLE DUTCH
When art. 185 WVW is applicable, it means the motor vehicle user is liable for financial damage, unless that driver can prove the incident was caused by circumstances beyond his/her control. That will be hard, because the driver must then prove he/she drove flawless, or that his/her mistake was not the cause of the incident. If the mistake leading to the incident was made by the non-motorised road user, that mistake has to be so unlikely, that a motor vehicle user could not reasonably have considered it to happen. Failing to give way or jumping a red light (deliberately or by mistake) are not such unlikely events, they happen regularly, so drivers are not granted ‘circumstances beyond control’ very often.
netherlands  law  cycling  driving 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Fête de l'Autoroute : le ridicule en roue libre
Ainsi, le 22 mai, de 10h00 à 17h00, quinze tronçons d'autoroute, soit un total d'environ 50 km, seront réservés aux piétons. Il fallait y penser. Bien sûr, des activités ludiques et colorées rivalisant d'imagination seront déployées, à côté desquelles Paris-Plage fait figure de bac à sable du pauvre. Fêtes foraines, street art, spectacles vivants, cours de zumba, stretching, courses d'obstacles, triathlon, vélo, concerts, cirque, vol en montgolfière, jeux de société géants, tout y est ou presque. Si vous rêviez de fouler le macadam juché sur des échasses landaises, votre souhait sera enfin exaucé ; il vous suffira, pour ce faire, de vous rendre sur la portion dédiée de l'A63, qui proposera en outre des tournois de baskets. Le programme ne précise pas, en revanche, s'il est prévu de faire du basket sur échasses, ce qui serait fort opportun pour atteindre plus facilement le panier. Courir au fin fond d'un tunnel sera également chose possible au Prado à Marseille, qui abritera une kermesse underground, concept résolument novateur s'il en est, ainsi que des compétitions de kart à pédales et de pétanque - ce qui dénote un léger déficit d'ambition ; avec une surface pareille, ils auraient au moins pu envisager un bowling.
driving  roaddiet  satire  français  funny 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Peer blames London's long-time traffic congestion on the new cycleways | Bicycle Business | BikeBiz
Providing not a whiff of evidence he continued: "There is enormous congestion as a result of this, not only when they are being constructed but in the longer term."

He added: "It is an appalling policy." Then, bizarrely, he went on to praise a country with tens of thousands of miles of the sort of protected cycleways he said were "ludicrous" when installed in London.

"I spend much of my time in Holland," claimed Lord Higgins, "where they do not have any problem with bicycle lanes operating properly without being blanked off in a way that prevents them being used in off-peak periods."
driving  cycling  London  politics  uk  dccomment 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Centres-villes morts, moches périphéries, merci qui?
Ce sont les villes moyennes, c'est à dire de 10 000 à 100 000 habitants, qui sont les plus touchées, pas les grandes villes. Le palmarès des centres les plus abandonnés par les commerces revenant à la ville de Béziers (24% de vacances commerciales), suivent Châtellerault et Forbach. Pour m'aventurer un brin sur le terrain politique, sachez qu'une enquête IPSOS a mis l'an dernier en évidence un lien entre le vote Front national et la désertification des centres-villes, comme l'évoque cet article de l'Opinion
france  driving  politics  environment  urban 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Une fillette décédée et trois blessés graves dans une collision à Gannat (Allier) - Gannat (03800) - La Montagne
Le passager décédé est une fillette d'une dizaine d'années. L'autre fillette, âgée de 8 ans, est en état d'urgence absolue et a été transportée au CHU de Saint-Etienne par hélicoptère. Les deux autres passagères, deux femmes âgées de 38 et 35 ans, sont elles aussi dans un état très grave. Elles ont été transportées au CHU Gabriel-Montpied.

D'après les premières constatations, les deux véhicules roulaient dans le même sens (sud-nord) quand le second véhicule, un fourgon Ford Transit, a percuté le premier, une Peugeot 205. Les quatre victimes étaient toutes dans la voiture, qui a été projetée contre un arbre en bordure de route sous le choc.
crash_report  driving 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Géographies en mouvement - Bruit à Paris : l'enfer, c'est les autres - Libération.fr
Mais dans quelle ville un motard peut, en pleine nuit, réveiller plusieurs dizaines de milliers de personnes par son seul plaisir d’accélérer pour le vertige d’une vitesse sans doute dépassée ? Dans quelle ville qui vise l’excellence écologique peut-on laisser des deux-roues aux moteurs lâchant plus de 150 décibels déchirer impunément nos tympans ? Dans quelle ville où l’on vante le bonheur des terrasses, un de nos arts de vivre issus de notre latinité, devons-nous subir le vrombissement de moteurs qui pourraient être, comme à Pékin et dans bien d’autres villes du monde, convertis à l’énergie électrique ?
driving  env 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Revealed: nearly all new diesel cars exceed official pollution limits | Business | The Guardian
Ninety-seven percent of all modern diesel cars emit more toxic nitrogen oxide (NOx) pollution on the road than the official limit, according to the most comprehensive set of data yet published, with a quarter producing at least six times more than the limit.
Diesel cars' emissions far higher on road than in lab, tests show
Read more

Surprisingly, the tiny number of models that did not exceed the standard were mostly Volkswagens, the carmaker whose cheating of diesel emissions tests which emerged last year sparked the scandal. Experts said the new results show that clean diesel cars can be made but that virtually all manufacturers have failed to do so.
driving  VWgate  pollution  airpollution 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Waze App: Netherlands Is The Best Country to Drive In | Fortune.com
Those who drive in the Netherlands have the most satisfying experience in the world, according to a new study launched by Waze.

The popular navigation app has released its first-ever "Driver Satisfaction Index," a study that curates data from 50 million users from 32 countries and 167 metropolitan areas to find out where the best (and worst) places are for drivers.

Aside from usual traffic commute data, Waze takes information on road infrastructure, occurrences of accidents and hazards, and access to driver resources such as gas stations and parking lots, and meshes it into a rating for overall driving experiences. Waze also attempts to incorporate qualitative data into its calculations by including metrics such as a driver's mood.
driving  netherlands 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Mortality from Diesel Car Pollution in the UK | Energy Matters
On Tuesday 4th April Channel 4 News in the UK carried a report on the impact of pollution from diesel cars upon UK mortality. It was claimed that pollution from diesel cars accounted for 40,000 excess deaths in the UK each year: 29,000 down to particulate matter (PM2.5) and 11,000 down to nitrogen oxides (NOx). The source of the statistics was a report from the Royal College of Physicians called Every breath we take: the lifelong impact of air pollution published in 2016. I decided to delve into the statistics and conclude that PM2.5 pollution from diesel cars may reduce life expectancy by between 2 and 22 days. Fake science and fake news is getting us into deep trouble...
The following story covered air pollution in UK cities, in particular NOx (nitrogen oxides) and soot emissions from the engines of diesel cars, that was reported to be prematurely killing 40,000 UK citizens per year!
air_quality  airpollution  health  jbcomment  driving 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Nantes. Un piéton percuté par un automobiliste ivre
Un jeune homme de 22 ans, qui attendait le busway à l’arrêt Gréneraie, à Nantes, vendredi 7 avril, dans la soirée, a été violemment percuté par un automobiliste. Ce dernier, fortement alcoolisé, a effectué une soudaine embardée et a empiété sur la voie du busway. Il a été placé en garde à vue.
crash_report  walking  transport  driving 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Smartphones et GPS, principale cause de mort sur les routes pour les Européens
Avant l’alcool, les stupéfiants et la vitesse, l’utilisation des objets connectés au volant est considérée comme la première cause d’ accidents mortels par les conducteurs européens, qui ne changent pas pour autant leurs comportements, selon un sondage publié vendredi.

Selon le baromètre annuel de la Fondation Vinci autoroutes, l’inattention causée par un smartphone ou un GPS est citée par 57 % des personnes interrogées dans onze pays, contre 52 % l’an dernier. Elle est plus souvent évoquée que la consommation d’alcool et stupéfiants (56 %), première citée les années précédentes (62 % en 2016), et la vitesse excessive (42 %).
europe  driving  road_safety 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Parkageddon: How not to create traffic jams, pollution and urban sprawl | The Economist
In 2004 London abolished minimum parking requirements. Research by Zhan Guo of New York University shows that the amount of parking in new residential blocks promptly plunged, from an average of 1.1 spaces per flat to 0.6 spaces. The parking minimum had boosted supply far beyond what the market demanded.
driving  london  urban  environment 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Pedestrian deaths spiked in 2016. Distraction is partly to blame, early data shows | PBS NewsHour
WASHINGTON — Pedestrian deaths are climbing faster than motorist fatalities, reaching nearly 6,000 deaths last year — the highest total in more than two decades, according to an analysis of preliminary state data released Thursday.

Increased driving due to an improved economy, lower gas prices and more walking for exercise and environmental factors are some of the likely reasons behind the estimated 11 percent spike in pedestrian fatalities in 2016. The figures were prepared for the Governors Highway Safety Association, which represents state highway safety offices.
But researchers say they think the biggest factor may be more drivers and walkers distracted by cellphones and other electronic devices, although that’s hard to confirm.
us  driving  walking  road_safety  attention 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Lille : Condamné après avoir tué une cycliste en voiture
Devant les juges, l’accusé a affirmé ne pas avoir vu la cycliste et s’être enfui par peur d’une embuscade nocturne. Selon le rapport de police, il roulait à 70 km/h et aucune trace de freinage n’avait été relevée.

La jeune fille roulait sur le trottoir longeant les grilles du parc Lebas. C’est en traversant la chaussée qu’elle a été percutée.
crash_report  driving  walking  france 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Bordeaux : les voies sur berges vont devoir ralentir - Sud Ouest.fr
L’un des derniers vestiges des années 60, en matière d’infrastructures routières, sera bientôt rayé de la carte. Bordeaux se prépare en effet à faire disparaître de son réseau l’un de ses derniers morceaux d’autoroute urbaine. Un témoin de l’ère triomphante du tout automobile, devenu aujourd’hui le symbole de ce que les élus ne veulent plus voir : des autoroutes en pleine ville. Il s’agit de l’A 631, autrement dit les voies sur berges qui relient les ponts Saint-Jean et Mitterrand, sur la rive gauche. Des voies qui longent la zone des abattoirs avant de filer droit vers la rocade, en survolant la Garonne. C’est la plus grosse sortie sud de Bordeaux, avec près de 80 000 véhicules par jour. Demain, ce sera un « boulevard urbain », nouveau modèle d’infrastructure en vigueur à la Métropole (lire ci-dessous). Soit 2x2 voies, 50 km/h maximum, circulation apaisée…
driving  bordeaux  france  environment 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Crit'Air: Caradisiac a testé l'interdiction des vieilles voitures à Paris (vidéo exclusive)
Aucun de ces engins (voiture, deux-roues, camionnette...) n'est à ce titre éligible à la vignette Crit'Air, facturée 4,18 € et à commander par Internet, laquelle permet de distinguer les véhicules en fonction de leur niveau de pollution. Ladite vignette est en effet désormais obligatoire pour circuler dans les rues de la capitale, et tout véhicule pris en infraction s'expose à une amende de troisième classe, soit un montant de 68 € (montant abaissé à 45 € en payant rapidement).
driving  paris  pollution 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Des accidents de la route pas si accidentels, par Matthieu Grossetête (Le Monde diplomatique, août 2016)
Alors qu’ils ne représentent que 13,8 % de la population française âgée de 15 ans et plus, les ouvriers comptaient pour 22,1 % des 3 239 personnes décédées sur la route en 2007 (1) et pour 19 % des blessés hospitalisés (2). À l’inverse, les cadres supérieurs, professions libérales et chefs d’entreprise (8,4 % de la population) ne totalisaient que 2,9 % des morts et blessés. Depuis plus de quarante ans, les experts gouvernementaux focalisent leur attention sur la surmortalité routière des « jeunes », auxquels ils attribuent un goût du risque particulièrement prononcé. Or l’âge n’annule en rien les différences sociales. Alors que 38 % du total des accidentés morts avaient moins de 30 ans, ce pourcentage s’élevait à presque 50 % chez les ouvriers. Si les morts sont bien souvent jeunes, c’est en grande partie parce que le groupe des ouvriers est de loin le plus jeune.

Les cadres sont-ils naturellement plus vertueux au volant ? Rien n’est moins sûr. Davantage que les catégories sociales favorisées, les ouvriers ont tendance à se tuer seuls, sans qu’un tiers soit impliqué. En d’autres termes, ils sont en danger bien plus qu’ils ne sont dangereux. En étudiant les comparutions pour homicide routier au tribunal de grande instance d’une importante ville de province, on constate une surreprésentation des cadres et professions intellectuelles supérieures, et une sous-représentation des ouvriers. Cette situation est en partie due au plus grand pouvoir protecteur des véhicules possédés par les personnes aisées (3), qui disposent d’airbags et de systèmes de freinage plus performants, d’habitacles renforcés, etc. Cela contribue à faire de leurs propriétaires des survivants potentiellement justiciables après un accident mortel.
driving  politics  france 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Quand baisser la limite permet de rouler plus vite - La Presse+
En janvier 2014, la capitale française a réduit de 80 à 70 km/h la limite de vitesse sur les voies rapides la ceinturant. Alors que de nombreux automobilistes craignaient de voir leurs allées et venues traîner en longueur, c’est précisément le contraire qui s’est produit. Le matin, la vitesse moyenne observée sur le « Périph’ » est passée de 32,6 km/h en 2013 à 38,4 km/h l’an dernier, une amélioration de 18 %. À l’heure du retour à la maison, les voitures roulent en moyenne 12 % plus vite.

MATER L’EFFET ACCORDÉON

Comment expliquer ces résultats ? En baissant sa limite de vitesse, Paris dit avoir réduit l’« effet accordéon ». Ce phénomène survient quand les voitures freinent et accélèrent à répétition dans un bouchon de circulation.
driving  road_safety  pollution 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Invisible Visible Man: A Cheshire epiphany, cheap driving - and why Brexit means no respite from clogged roads
there was more traffic in 2016 on Great Britain’s roads than in any previous year and that traffic volumes rose 1.2 per cent on 2015. The rise is all the more impressive for occurring against a backdrop of falls or only slight rises in traffic volumes in London, much the biggest city...
I’m just as struck by the poverty of the debate about how to tackle this crisis as I am by the sheer unpleasantness of the conditions. Whereas the UK a decade ago was engaged in an earnest - albeit ultimately unproductive - debate about how to charge for road use, there is currently no serious debate about what to do. It has become expected at each budget or autumn statement that the Chancellor of the Exchequer will continue the freeze on fuel duty, even though it has contributed to an 18.9 per cent decline in average petrol prices over the last three years.
cycling  driving  uk  London  tax  dccomment 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Grave accident de la circulation au centre de Belfort - France 3 Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Peu avant cet accident, une patrouille de la Police Nationale avait repéré place Yitzhak Rabin une grosse cylindrée allemande roulant en plein centre de Belfort à une vitesse estimée entre 150 km/h et 200 km/h. Les policiers mettent en marche leur gyrophare mais le chauffard refuse d'obtempérer, il accélère même et grille un feu rouge. La patrouille le perd de vue et prévient la salle de commandement qui diffuse alors le signalement. La Police Nationale précise qu'il n'y a pas eu de course poursuite car la voiture les a semés dès la demande d'obtempérer.
Des policiers arrivent alors sur le pont Michelet et repèrent à ce moment-là la Mercedes qui vient de s'encastrer dans un mur après avoir percuté une voiture conduite par une femme âgée de 67 ans avec à ses côtés son petit-fils âgé de 15 ans.
crash_report  alcohol  driving 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Construction of Discourses of Electric Vehicles in the Global Online Media – Andrew Brindle
The search was electric vehicles. The methodological approach, which combines corpus linguistics with discourse analysis, focused on word frequency, salience and words in context in order to study language patterns in the corpus of texts. The analysis found that prevalent discourses were related to the technological advances made in areas related to the battery unit, charging capability and travel range of the vehicles, as well as the growing infrastructure necessary to support such means of transport and the lowering of prices. Thus, rhetorical arguments were presented which positioned electric vehicles as a comparable alternative to internal combustion engine vehicles. The research found that an emphasis towards lower greenhouse gas emissions in electric vehicles was not made, thus, the environmental benefits of electric vehicles was not highlighted.
driving  environment  corpus 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
London Datastore
Number of licensed vehicles (in thousands) at year end broken down by type including , cars, motor cycles, light goods, heavy goods, buses an coaches, and Other.



Vehicles are allocated to a local authority according to the postcode of the registered keeper. This is the keeper's address for privately owned vehicles or the company's registered address for company owned vehicles. Significant changes in the number of vehicles from year to year can often occur when a companies with a large number of vehicles change their registered address.
Other vehicles includes rear diggers, lift trucks, rollers, ambulances, Hackney Carriages, three wheelers and agricultural vehicles.
Data from DFT Table VEH0104 and VEH0105.
cycling  driving  London 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Diesel : Renault soupçonné d’enfumage à grande échelle - Libération
En cause, le système de dépollution par recirculation des gaz d’échappement (EGR) low-cost qui équipe la plupart des diesels Renault. Ce dernier semble bien moins performant que celui du rival PSA Peugeot-Citroën, qui a misé, lui, sur un système catalytique plus cher mais apparemment plus efficace. De plus, Renault bride son système de dépollution pour ne pas affecter les performances du moteur de ses véhicules. La marque joue sur l’ambiguïté d’un règlement européen de 2007 qui interdit l’utilisation de logiciels bridant l’efficacité d’un système de dépollution, sauf en cas de «protection du moteur […] et pour le fonctionnement en toute sécurité du véhicule». «Ce système antipollution est censé fonctionner dans une plage de température d’admission d’air de 17 à 35 degrés. Mais, au démarrage, la température est souvent inférieure et dès qu’il y a du trafic elle est systématiquement supérieure. Résultat, la plupart du temps, dès que la voiture roule, il n’est pas opérationnel», pointe Lepitre de FNE.

Il y aurait donc «tromperie» manifeste du consommateur sur le fonctionnement du système et sur la réalité des émissions de NOx. Toute l’ambiguïté de l’affaire porte alors sur l’efficacité du «contrôle» au moment de l’homologation des véhicules, qui semble lui aussi visé par l’instruction des juges du parquet de Paris. En France, c’est l’Utac, un organisme privé, qui est chargé par les autorités de procéder aux essais d’homologation dans ses centres de Mortefontaine (Oise) et Montlhéry (Essonne). Or, la plupart des véhicules testés passent ce contrôle comme une lettre à la poste car les constructeurs maîtrisent parfaitement le processus de mesure d’émissions polluantes : «Le problème, c’est que le banc d’essai fonctionne avec une température moyenne d’admission de l’air de 23 degrés qui est pile-poil dans la fourchette où le système de dépollution fonctionne parfaitement, poursuit Lepitre. Cela arrange les constructeurs. Il faudrait pouvoir tester les diesels entre - 7 °C et + 45 °C et là, l’homologation Euro 6 serait bien plus difficile à obtenir.»
Coll
VWgate  pollution  driving 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cycleways and congestion – getting beyond the windscreen mentality | cyclableblog
let’s say that cars have become about 10 percent bigger (in terms of road space occupied) over the last, say, 20 years. There are 2,600,000 cars registered in London. If we work out the average extra space occupied (length x width) by those cars we get a figure of about 2,127,000 square metres.

A little bit of calculator work shows that this is 4,123 times as much space as occupied by all the London cycleways (assuming 3.5 metres wide and 18km in length).

This is almost certainly a considerable underestimate for a number of reasons. First, the motor vehicle space requirements boom has been most marked among popular car models. The space requirement of the Ford Fiesta has grown 20 percent, that of the VW Golf GTi by 25 percent, of the VW Beetle by 23 percent, of the Fiat 500 of by 47 percent and of the Mini a whopping 75 percent, so taking a 10 percent increase is conservative. Second, the calculation applies just for like to like models and doesn’t take into account the immensely popular new types of vehicle such as the ‘people carrier’ and the ‘SUV’
driving  environment  cars 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Congestion charge has led to dramatic fall in accidents in London | UK news | The Guardian
Research to be presented at the Royal Economic Society’s annual conference later this month found that traffic accidents have fallen in the capital by an astonishing 40% since 2003. The work is the first study of its kind and is likely to be examined closely by other cities that have flirted with the idea of imposing a similar charge.

The £5 charge was hailed as a triumph of economics that forced those contributing to congestion to pay. The resulting fall in traffic confirmed predictions that the charge – increased to £8, then £11.50 – could change motorists’ behaviour.

With fewer cars on the roads in central London, motorists can go faster. This could have increased the risk of accidents. However, the research team led by Professor Colin Green of the economics department at Lancaster University found that the charge has instead resulted in a substantial reduction in the number of accidents and fewer fatalities.
driving  road_safety  London  roaddiet 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Who Has Greater Rights, Somebody Driving a BMW or a Skoda?
The Highway Code has lots of fiddly facts, but all can be boiled down to two basic concepts. “Always be considerate towards others,” is the first, and has been in the Highway Code since its inception in 1931. The second is “whatever is in front of you travelling the same way has priority.”

And that goes for whatever is in front of you, whether that’s a horse, a car, a bus, somebody on a bike, somebody on foot, or a roadside disposals operative tipping rubbish into a bin lorry.
cycling  driving  law  dccomment 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
A l’étranger, l’évaporation du trafic est une réalité - Le Parisien
A l’Institut d’aménagement et d’urbanisme d’Ile-de-France (IAU), on étudie depuis plus de 10 ans l’impact de la fermeture de voies rapides urbaines dans le centre des grandes villes, dans le monde entier. Et les résultats, unanimes, sont surprenants.

« En dépit des craintes initiales, la suppression de voies rapides n’engendre pas de dégradation des conditions de circulation au-delà des ajustements de départ, explique Paul Lecroart, l’urbaniste de l’IAU spécialiste de la question. Dans toutes les villes étudiées, l’évaporation du trafic est importante ». Pas encore à Paris, certes. Mais dans la douzaine de métropoles étudiées, aux Etats-Unis, au Canada ou en Corée du Sud, cela ne fait pas de doute. Paul Lecroart cite une étude anglaise, très documentée, portant sur 60 villes, qui calcule que, quand une voie rapide est supprimée, le trafic global diminue en moyenne de 14% après plusieurs mois.
driving  environment  transport  roaddiet 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
Why don't UPS drivers turn left? — Quartz
UPS have moved away from trying to find the shortest route and now look at other criteria to optimize the journey. One of their methods is to try and avoid turning through oncoming traffic at a junction. Although this might be going in the opposite direction of the final destination, it reduces the chances of an accident and cuts delays caused by waiting for a gap in the traffic, which would also waste fuel.

UPS have designed their vehicle routing software to eliminate as many left-hand turns as possible (in countries with right-hand traffic). Typically, only 10% of the turns are left turns. As a result, the company claims it uses 10 million gallons less fuel, emits 20,000 tonnes (22,000 tons) less carbon dioxide, and delivers 350,000 more packages every year. The efficiency of planning routes with its navigation software this way has even helped the firm cut the number of trucks it uses by 1,100, bringing down the company’s total distance travelled by 28.5 million miles—despite the longer routes.
driving  transport 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
VIA REUNIR - Comment les constructeurs auto se préparent à la disparition de la voiture en ville
Bref, l'avenir de la voiture en ville n'est pas tout rose.

Pour les constructeurs automobiles, cette perspective n'est pas anodine pour leur business, le risque pour eux étant d'avoir manqué une évolution sociétale...

surtout les équipementiers qui ont innové avec diverses technologies destinées à réduire la pollution aux particules fines,
driving  pollution  driverless  dccomment 
february 2017 by juliusbeezer
CR 193: The development of a protective headband for car occupants (2000)
In 1997 McLean et al. (1997) demonstrated that energy absorbing headwear for car occupants might be effective in reducing the numbers of head injuries sustained by car occupants. The estimated benefits were greater than the estimated benefits of padding of the upper interior of vehicles to the requirements of the US Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 201. This report investigates the suitability of selected materials for head protection, in the form of a headband that could be worn by car occupants.
driving  safety  helmetwars 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Copenhagenize.com - Bicycle Culture by Design: Australian Helmet Science - For Motorists
A chap at Road Safety Policy, Department of Infrastructure & Transport in Australia was kind enough to send a link to the Australian Government website wherein the study is presented.

I don't think cyclists should be bullied with helmet promotion and threatened with legislation when there exists a very real and present danger to car occupants. I think that the car lobby as well as the general population should be presented with more data and facts about the dangers of driving.
driving  safety  helmetwars 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Un cycliste de 20 ans meurt percuté par une voiture - La Voix du Nord
Ce lundi soir, vers 22 h 15, un cycliste a été mortellement percuté par une voiture, non loin du carrefour entre l’avenue Kléber et l’avenue de la Mer, à Malo-les-Bains.

[comment]
Il a fait nuit. L'âge du conducteur n'est pas noté, mais les désordres visuelles qui nuit la vision dans les conditions sombres déviennent plus fréquents avec le vieillissement. C'est aussi possible qu'il était distrait par l'écran d'un portable. Sans doute l'enquête de la BADR prendra toute possibilité en compte, mais a priori, c'est la responsibilité minimum de chaque conducteur de regarder devant soi au volant.
Mar, 17/01/2017 - 11:43
driving  road_safety  deaths  france  dccomment 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Eric Vidalenc » Blog Archive » Petite pédagogie de la mobilité au XXIème siècle
Poliment, l’objectif est de rendre la circulation automobile moins intéressante que les autres alternatives existantes. Plus brutalement, c’est d’énerver tellement les automobilistes dans des bouchons gigantesques pour que demain, ou après-demain s’ils persistent tout de même, l’automobiliste se décourage et abandonne. L’idée n’est surtout pas de lui faciliter la vie, mais de la lui compliquer. La lui compliquer tellement, qu’il se dise : « Tiens, mais ces bus qui circulent dans ces couloirs à côté de moi à l’arrêt, ils pourraient peut-être m’être utile ? » ou encore « Tiens, ces pistes cyclables que l’on vient de construire sur le boulevard, peut-être que je pourrais m’y aventurer ? »

Dans les approches sur la conduite du changement, la compréhension de la finalité d’un projet est le premier pas essentiel. Si au moins “on” s’entendait sur ce que sont les objectifs d’un plan de déplacement urbain (et ce n’est pas faut d’essayer, comme ici la Voix du Nord), c’est-à-dire rééquilibrer les différents usages des modes de transport, pour donner plus de places à ceux qui posent le moins de problèmes. Donc explicitement RÉDUIRE LA PLACE DE LA VOITURE.
urban  driving  cycling 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
When Cars Collide, Safety Advocates Say It's No 'Accident' : NPR
So a lot like the industrial safety people invented this cartoon character called Otto Know Better (ph), who was careless and getting injured, the pro-automobile people - manufacturers, auto clubs, auto dealers - invented caricatures of careless pedestrians because most of the people cars were killing then were pedestrians, not other people in cars.
walking  road_safety  language  driving 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Bus Driver X— Guest Blog No. 3: An Enquiry— Does TfL have an 'Objectively Safe' System of Bus Operations?
TfL’s System of Bus Operations is Objectively Unsafe. TfL have designed a System of Bus Operations that only rewards or punishes timely performance, and, in doing so, it has incentivised its BusCo contractors to promote unsafe driving by their Bus Drivers. Me included. And you know what? I really object to that.
driving  transport  London  work  road_safety 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
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