juliusbeezer + driving   230

Contre la pollution, la ZTL, solution des villes italiennes | L'interconnexion n'est plus assurée
La ZTL italienne, injustement méconnue. Il existe un autre outil, beaucoup trop méconnu en France, qui permet de sélectionner les automobiles non pas en fonction de leur niveau de pollution, mais de leur usage. Ce sont les zones à trafic limité (ZTL), instaurées dans pratiquement toutes les villes d’Italie, des plus grandes aux plus petites. Si chaque pays dispose de son organisation ad hoc, dont l’Ademe a établi un inventaire, celle qui prévaut en Italie présente de nombreux avantages.
driving  transport  urban  italy 
1 hour ago by juliusbeezer
PsyArXiv Preprints | Bicycle helmet wearing is associated with closer overtaking by drivers: A response to Olivier and Walter, 2013
There is a body of research on how driver behaviour might change in response to bicyclists’ appearance. In 2007, Walker published a study suggesting motorists drove closer on average when passing a bicyclist if the rider wore a helmet, potentially increasing the risk of a collision. Olivier and Walter re-analysed the same data in 2013 and claimed helmet wearing was not associated with close vehicle passing. Here we show how Olivier and Walter’s analysis addressed a subtly, but importantly, different question than Walker’s. Their conclusion was based on omitting information about variability in driver behaviour and instead dividing overtakes into two binary categories of ‘close’ and ‘not close’; we demonstrate that they did not justify or address the implications of this choice, did not have sufficient statistical power for their approach, and moreover show that slightly adjusting their definition of ‘close’ would reverse their conclusions. We then present a new analysis of the original dataset, measuring directly the extent to which drivers changed their behaviour in response to helmet wearing. This analysis confirms that drivers did, overall, get closer when the rider wore a helmet.
helmetwars  psychology  driving  cycling 
1 hour ago by juliusbeezer
Prix du carburant : un débat pollué par des intox
Toutefois, on ne peut pas résumer cela à une décision purement budgétaire. La hausse importante de la fiscalité que subit actuellement le diesel est, en fait, un rattrapage. Pendant de nombreuses décennies, le diesel a bénéficié de taxes plus faibles que l’essence. Cette ère s’est terminée sous le quinquennat de François Hollande, en 2014, quand les autorités ont considéré que le diesel n’était, finalement, pas vraiment moins polluant que l’essence. Elles ont donc engagé un alignement de la fiscalité des deux carburants, pour dissuader les automobilistes d’acheter des véhicules diesel.

Le gouvernement actuel s’inscrit dans la même logique, et augmente de manière générale la fiscalité des carburants. Avec en creux l’objectif d’inciter à consommer moins d’essence et de gazole, c’est-à-dire à s’équiper de véhicules moins voraces, à rouler moins, à pratiquer plus largement le covoiturage ou à utiliser d’autres moyens de transports.
oil  driving  france 
7 days ago by juliusbeezer
A self-driving car can choose who dies in a fatal crash. These are the ethical considerations | World Economic Forum
To conduct the survey, the researchers designed what they call “Moral Machine,” a multilingual online game in which participants could state their preferences concerning a series of dilemmas that autonomous vehicles might face. For instance: If it comes right down it, should autonomous vehicles spare the lives of law-abiding bystanders, or, alternately, law-breaking pedestrians who might be jaywalking? (Most people in the survey opted for the former.)
All told, “Moral Machine” compiled nearly 40 million individual decisions from respondents in 233 countries; the survey collected 100 or more responses from 130 countries. The researchers analyzed the data as a whole, while also breaking participants into subgroups defined by age, education, gender, income, and political and religious views. There were 491,921 respondents who offered demographic data.
driverless  driving  research 
8 days ago by juliusbeezer
A Marseille, le carrossier provoquait lui-même les accidents
Après plus de 13 accidents en moins de deux ans, c'est l'assurance qui a flairé l'affaire de ce carrossier...

A bord de sa Clio, "une épave" selon nos confrères de la Provence qui relate l'audience au tribunal correctionnel de Marseille, ce carrossier de 41 ans jouait aux auto-tamponneuses près de son garage du 13ème arrondissement avant de faire des constats et proposer ses services.

L'artisan explique avoir monté le stratagème, dès 2012, pour sauver son entreprise du dépôt de bilan, faire grimper son chiffre d'affaires et payer ses salariés. Ainsi, deux ans, l'homme a provoqué 13 accidents, dont 11 de sa responsabilité, pour "refus de priorité". Son assurance, qui avait déjà remboursé 20.000 euros, a alors mené son enquête et a découvert le pot-aux roses.
driving  france  law  finance 
26 days ago by juliusbeezer
Paris sans voiture, on en rêvait déjà en 1790
En 1790, un citoyen anonyme fait imprimer un in-octavo d’une étonnante modernité : Pétition d’un citoyen ou motion contre les carrosses et les cabriolets. Rédigé dans un style enlevé, ce texte de 16 folios relève à la fois du pamphlet, du traité moral, du mémoire policier et de la motion législative puisqu’il contient des propositions destinées à l’Assemblée nationale.

On ne sait à peu près rien de son auteur. Sans doute un bourgeois aisé (un médecin ?) car il déclare lui-même posséder « une voiture, un cabriolet et quatre chevaux » qu’il désire « sacrifier sur l’autel de la patrie », scandalisé par la brutalité avec laquelle les cochers conduisent dans Paris et écœuré par l’« oisiveté et la mollesse des riches ».
france  history  driving 
27 days ago by juliusbeezer
Can Paris Exist Without Gasoline? Its Mayor Thinks So.
Last February, a court nullified the Right Bank closure, citing a flawed process and poor planning. (Hidalgo struck back with a new closure order, this time invoking the need to protect the area’s aesthetic integrity and tourist appeal.) Even the national road safety agency took a tacit swipe at her pro-pedestrian policies last year, launching a sadistic high-tech campaign meant to terrify and humiliate jaywalkers into obedience. Pedestrians who step off the curb against the light were startled by the screech of pre-recorded brakes. A camera registered each person’s oh-God-I’m-going-to-die expression and instantly projected it on a street-corner billboard. (Might the authorities consider a companion program, encouraging drivers to slow down by tossing fake bodies onto their windshields?)
paris  driving  politics 
27 days ago by juliusbeezer
Ex-B.C. transport minister Todd Stone pans ‘gaps’ in road speeds study | Vancouver Sun
Brubacher said his team analyzed more than 16 years of data on fatal crashes, auto-insurance claims and ambulance dispatches for road trauma.

“We studied crashes that occurred on (or within half a kilometre) of roads affected by the speed-limit changes. We also looked at crashes that occurred on roads nearby those where the speed limits where changed and across the entire province,” he said.

Crash rates across the whole province didn’t change, but on roads where the speed limits were increased, there was a 43 per cent increase in auto-insurance claims, a 30 per cent increase in claims that resulted in an injury and an estimated 118 per cent increase in fatal crashes (the equivalent of 15 more fatal crashes per year), Brubacher said.

“We feel it is very unlikely that these changes are explained by bad weather or distraction, as Mr. Stone suggests, because they are localized to a narrow corridor along the highways with raised speed limits.”

Stone said that the relatively small number of fatal crashes means there are wide margins for error and it’s possible there was actually a decrease. But Brubacher said that’s highly unlikely.

“According to our model, the increase in fatal crashes on affected segments could have been as low as 10 per cent or as high as 225 per cent, but the best estimate was an increase of 118 per cent.”
driving  road_safety  canada 
28 days ago by juliusbeezer
NSW, Victorian motorists caught out being distracted almost 50 per cent of time spent driving
Australian drivers are distracted for 45 per cent of the time behind the wheel, finds the first results from a landmark research project that filmed hundreds of drivers inside their vehicles over nearly two million kilometres.

Designed to find out what drivers really do behind the wheel, the first results shocked researchers who specialise in driver distraction, the cause of about 16 per cent of serious crashes.
driving  road_safety 
5 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
London air pollution is poisoning my son, says campaigner | Environment | The Guardian
Smith said that he first became concerned about the air pollution crisis after his two youngest children – a daughter, 10 months, and Ely, now three – were born prematurely and “on the cusp” of being underweight. His daughter has since suffered serious respiratory problems, and now has medication and medical equipment to help her breathe.

Sitting at his kitchen table, Smith says his wife, a lawyer in central London, travelled to work as usual during both pregnancies, walking along a busy road to the tube. “You can’t attribute these things definitively to air pollution but the more you find out the more you realise the huge damage it is doing to our children’s health,” he said.

The family, who do not own a car, now carefully plan every journey. They avoid main roads, the rush hour and busy bus stops wherever possible. But it is not easy. “There is only so much you can do when in a big city like this. To a certain extent, we have got to accept now that we are doing great damage to our children’s long-term health simply by living here.”
airpollution  London  driving  children  politics 
6 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Sécurité des piétons : le code de la route évolue | Cerema
Le décret n°2018-795 du 17 septembre 2018 relatif à la sécurité routière, a renforcé les sanctions an cas d'infraction du non-respect des priorités accordées aux piétons: désormais 6 points seront retirés sur le permis de conduire au lieu de 4 auparavant. Cette mesure prend effet à partir du 18 septembre 2018.

L'Aarticle R415-11 est donc modifié comme suit :"Tout conducteur est tenu de céder le passage, au besoin en s'arrêtant, au piéton s'engageant régulièrement dans la traversée d'une chaussée ou manifestant clairement l'intention de le faire ou circulant dans une aire piétonne ou une zone de rencontre.
Le fait, pour tout conducteur, de ne pas respecter les règles de priorité fixées au présent article est puni de l'amende prévue pour les contraventions de la quatrième classe. Tout conducteur coupable de cette infraction encourt également la peine complémentaire de suspension, pour une durée de trois ans au plus, du permis de conduire, cette suspension pouvant être limitée à la conduite en dehors de l'activité professionnelle.
Cette contravention donne lieu de plein droit à la réduction de SIX POINTS du permis de conduire."
france  law  driving  walking 
7 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
'For me, this is paradise': life in the Spanish city that banned cars | Cities | The Guardian
They stopped cars crossing the city and got rid of street parking, as people looking for a place to park is what causes the most congestion. They closed all surface car parks in the city centre and opened underground ones and others on the periphery, with 1,686 free places. They got rid of traffic lights in favour of roundabouts, extended the car-free zone from the old city to the 18th-century area, and used traffic calming in the outer zones to bring the speed limit down to 30km/h.

The benefits are numerous. On the same streets where 30 people died in traffic accidents from 1996 to 2006, only three died in the subsequent 10 years, and none since 2009. CO2 emissions are down 70%, nearly three-quarters of what were car journeys are now made on foot or by bicycle, and, while other towns in the region are shrinking, central Pontevedra has gained 12,000 new inhabitants.
walking  driving  spain 
8 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Number of dirty diesels on road still growing, report shows | Environment | The Guardian
The number of dirty diesel vehicles pumping out toxic emissions on Europe’s streets is still rising three years after the Dieselgate scandal began, according to a new report. More than 7m such cars and vans remain on UK roads alone.

There were 29m diesel vehicles whose emissions on the road were significantly higher than official laboratory-based EU limits when the diesel scandal erupted in September 2015. But that has now risen by to 43m, according to analysis by the group Transport & Environment (T&E). France has the most dirty diesels on the road, with 8.7m, followed by Germany’s 8.2m and the UK’s 7.3m.
driving  airpollution  europe  uk 
8 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Why children struggle to cross busy streets safely: New research shows perceptual judgment, motor skills not fully developed until age 14 -- ScienceDaily
New research from the University of Iowa shows children under certain ages lack the perceptual judgment and motor skills to cross a busy road consistently without putting themselves in danger. The researchers placed children from 6 to 14 years old in a realistic simulated environment and asked them to cross one lane of a busy road multiple times.

The results: Children up to their early teenage years had difficulty consistently crossing the street safely, with accident rates as high as 8 percent with 6-year-olds. Only by age 14 did children navigate street crossing without incident, while 12-year-olds mostly compensated for inferior road-crossing motor skills by choosing bigger gaps in traffic.
cycling  road_safety  children  walking  driving 
8 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
Private hire vehicles might soon have to pay the London congestion charge. What difference would it make? – On London
However, CEPA study also anticipates that, as Mayor Khan acknowledged, PHV operators in the Central London area, who tend to be the larger firms, will respond to the loss of the exemption by distributing the bookings they receive differently among their drivers, resulting in a reduced number of drivers who’ve entered the charging zone picking up more passengers there than before and therefore spending more time than before on the area’s roads. That’s a big reason why CEPA’s calculation of the reduction in PHV traffic levels (6%) in the congestion charge zone, is much smaller than their calculation of the number of PHVs that would enter it (45%).

TfL concedes that the estimated one per cent reduction in traffic levels overall “appears modest”, but still contends that it would represent “an important step in managing and reducing congestion in Central London”, with consequential improvements in air quality too. But Gareth Bacon argued that any “very minor” reduction in congestion would also add to cumulative TfL policies enacted in the Mayor’s name, including hikes in licensing fees, that “are going to have an absolutely devastating impact on the private hire industry,” which has seen the number of firms licensed by TfL – as distinct from the number of drivers – fall in recent years, with smaller operators in particular disappearing
urban  transport  roaddiet  London  driving  finance  tax 
9 weeks ago by juliusbeezer
The social ideology of the motorcar – Uneven Earth
The worst thing about cars is that they are like castles or villas by the sea: luxury goods invented for the exclusive pleasure of a very rich minority, and which in conception and nature were never intended for the people. Unlike the vacuum cleaner, the radio, or the bicycle, which retain their use value when everyone has one, the car, like a villa by the sea, is only desirable and useful insofar as the masses don’t have one. That is how in both conception and original purpose the car is a luxury good. And the essence of luxury is that it cannot be democratized. If everyone can have luxury, no one gets any advantages from it. On the contrary, everyone diddles, cheats, and frustrates everyone else, and is diddled, cheated, and frustrated in return.

This is pretty much common knowledge in the case of the seaside villas. No politico has yet dared to claim that to democratize the right to vacation would mean a villa with private beach for every family. Everyone understands that if each of 13 or 14 million families were to use only 10 meters of the coast, it would take 140,000km of beach in order for all of them to have their share! To give everyone his or her share would be to cut up the beaches in such little strips—or to squeeze the villas so tightly together—that their use value would be nil and their advantage over a hotel complex would disappear.
driving  urban  geography 
august 2018 by juliusbeezer
From Russian Winds to Cruise Ships: Exploring the Local Problems Driving the UK's Air Pollution Crisis | DeSmog UK
Earlier this year, the World Health Organisation found 47 UK towns and cities had either reached at or had gone beyond air pollution limits. The issue has been widely covered, with the NGOs, the press and opposition politicians quick to criticise government inaction.

The backdrop to all this is the ‘dieselgate’ scandal. As far back as 2015, car manufacturers including German giant VW were accused of cheating emissions tests, with their vehicles found to be much dirtier than the companies suggested. Ever since, cars’ contribution to the UK’s poor air quality has come under deep scrutiny.

But it can’t just be cars, can it?

After three years, countless pages of analysis and enquiry and multiple court cases, policymakers must finally be getting on top of the ‘car issue’, right? Surely, something else must be driving the country’s terrible air quality?

DeSmog UK spent six months trawling through local data and air quality reports to find places where air pollution wasn’t just a road traffic problem. There weren’t many.

The problem is that almost all roads are clogged up by commuter and industrial traffic.

Nonetheless, our detailed analysis of hundreds of pages of local authority reports did throw up some examples of where local idiosyncrasies exacerbate the car problem.
airpollution  uk  driving 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
Promoting cycling in cities can tackle obesity | Imperial News | Imperial College London
The study, published in the journal Environment International, also finds that riding an electric bike (e-bike) is associated with a higher BMI as compared to regular cyclists. In ascending order, cyclists have the lowest BMI, then walkers, public transport users, motorcyclists, users of an electric bike, and finally car drivers, who have the highest BMI.

By following over 2000 urban dwellers over time, the team found that men who switch from car driving to cycling for their daily travel lose on average 0.75 kg of weight, with an average decrease in BMI of 0.24. For women, this was a little bit less.
cycling  health  ebikes  driving  walking 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
Nouvelle nuit de tensions à Nantes
Selon le procureur, les faits se sont déroulés en trois phases : le contrôle de police d'environ «10 à 15 minutes», où M. Fofana va donner une fausse identité et où les policiers vont lui demander de se garer et de les suivre au commissariat.

Puis la deuxième où il va fuir en marche arrière, manœuvre «particulièrement dangereuse puisque dans sa course le conducteur va frôler un fonctionnaire de police» avec «à ses côtés deux enfants». Le policier va «se projeter sur le bas-côté» emporter avec lui «une fillette qui aurait pu être heurtée par le véhicule du fuyard», précise le procureur. Le conducteur va ensuite percuter un véhicule en stationnement. Enfin, après ce choc, le conducteur va de nouveau tenter de fuir en marche arrière. C'est alors que le policier mis en examen va tirer sur le conducteur.

Il a indiqué «qu'en réalité il (avait) tenté de se pencher dans l'habitacle du véhicule pour saisir le volant et essayer d'arrêter la manœuvre», a relaté le procureur. «C'est à ce moment là, indique-t-il, dans le cadre de ce qu'il appelle un corps-à-corps, que le coup de feu est parti accidentellement pour toucher mortellement le conducteur.»
driving  deaths  nantes  police 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
British driver clocked at 165mph during secret race in France | World news | The Guardian
“I respect the 130km/h limit in France, so at most I’ll do 150km/h,” he said.
france  law  uk  police  driving 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
Limitation à 80 km/h : Pierre Chasseray, le lobbyiste qui roule à fond pour 40 millions d'automobilistes
Un "mélange des genres" et une "tribune" qui agacent ses détracteurs. "Pour nous, 40 millions d'automobilistes, c'est un bulldozer médiatique", s'agace un acteur de la prévention routière. Et de surenchérir : "Derrière l'appellation de cette association, on ignore le poids réel du mouvement car ils sont très opaques sur leurs adhérents." L'association, fondée en 2005 par les Automobiles clubs de l'Ouest (ACO), revendique 320 000 adhérents. Mais les membres des ACO sont faits membres d'office de 40 millions d'automobilistes. "Ce sont des adhérents fantômes et il y a des élus parmi les membres des ACO", estime un responsable associatif qui souhaite conserver l'anonymat.

Côté budget, 40 millions d'automobilistes revendique "380 000 euros par an et 150 000 donateurs", confie Pierre Chasseray, qui détaille "100 000 euros de la part des ACO et le reste, ce sont des dons d'entreprises." Provocateur, il fait mine de s'insurger : "Je ne suis pas plein aux as. Malheureusement, je n'ai pas touché un centime au black ou au white de l'industrie automobile."
driving  france  politics 
july 2018 by juliusbeezer
Why using a mobile phone while driving is so dangerous ... even when you're hands-free
participants had to engage in a sentence comprehension task while driving, similar to engaging in a mobile phone conversation. Compared to a control trial, steering behaviour in this “dual-task” condition was much worse, with more frequent collisions with the road edges...
One big difference between in-car and mobile phone conversations is that the passenger can see what the driver sees. If the driver is trying to enter a fast-flowing motorway from a slip road, the passenger might, quite sensibly, shut up for a minute until the manoeuvre is complete.

The remote conversationalist, however, has no access to this “shared visual space”, and may continue talking throughout. Indeed, evidence suggests that if the driver becomes quiet at times of high demand, the remote partner may increase their level of communication to fill the silent, social void.
telephony  driving  crash_report 
june 2018 by juliusbeezer
The incel mind: As if hating women will get you a girlfriend - Chicago Tribune
What are we to make of “incels,” the oddball community of frustrated guys who go online to complain about how they can’t find women who want to have sex with them?

Gee, I wonder why.

There’s room for all sorts of opinions on the web, I like to think. But this one has turned deadly. An incel, which stands for “involuntary celibate,” is blamed for driving a rented van that jumped the sidewalk and plowed into pedestrians on a Toronto street on April 23.

Police charged Alek Minassian, 25, of Toronto with killing 10 people and injuring 15, most of whom were women. Before the attack, authorities say he posted a message on his Facebook page to announce his incel ties.

“The Incel Rebellion has already begun!” it said in part. “We will overthrow all the Chads and Stacys! All hail the Supreme Gentleman Elliot Rodger!”

That’s incel-speak. “Chads” in their world are guys who are cool and good-looking enough to attract what incels feel unfairly denied: sex with attractive and sexually active “Stacys.”
sex  us  relationships  crash_report  deaths  driving 
may 2018 by juliusbeezer
Rage against the machine: self-driving cars attacked by angry Californians | Technology | The Guardian
The next level of driverless cars: how to solve the problem of humans falling asleep
Read more

Two of the six collisions involving autonomous vehicles in California so far this year involved humans colliding with self-driving cars, apparently on purpose, according to incident reports collected by the California department of motor vehicles.

On 10 January, a pedestrian in San Francisco’s Mission District ran across the street to confront a GM Cruise autonomous vehicle that was waiting for people to cross the road, according to an incident report filed by the car company. The pedestrian was “shouting”, the report states, and “struck the left side of the Cruise AV’s rear bumper and hatch with his entire body”.

No injuries occurred, but the car’s left tail light was damaged.

In a separate incident just a few blocks away on 28 January, a taxi driver in San Francisco got out of his car, approached a GM Cruise autonomous vehicle and “slapped the front passenger window, causing a scratch”.

The police were not called in either case.
driverless  driving  us 
march 2018 by juliusbeezer
Relaxe pour l’automobiliste qui avait mortellement percuté un cycliste - La Voix du Nord
Une lumière aveuglante qui l’éblouissait malgré son pare-soleil. Les gendarmes ont d’ailleurs fait état de cette même gêne à laquelle ils ont dû faire face en arrivant sur les lieux du drame ce matin-là...
Aucune faute de conduite n’avait été relevée par l’enquête et tous les tests toxicologiques d’usage en matière d’accident routier étaient revenus négatifs. C’est logiquement que l’affaire avait été classée sans suite...
Les parties civiles s’appuient sur la maladie de Parkinson dont le prévenu est atteint depuis 2009 et qui a la particularité d’être dégénérative. Prendre le volant constituerait selon eux une imprudence. Mais le prévenu suivait son traitement lui permettant d’atténuer les tremblements. Le tribunal a considéré qu’il n’y avait pas de faute de conduite pouvant lui être imputée, prononçant une relaxe.
driving  france  medicine  crash_report  drugs  deaths  disease 
march 2018 by juliusbeezer
MIT study shows how much driving for Uber or Lyft sucks | TechCrunch
The exploitative asymmetry of ride-hailing platforms comes because workers have a certain amount of fixed costs but the platform intermediary can just hike its commission at will and lower the service cost to the end user whenever it wants to increase competitiveness vs a rival business.

“At the end of the day there are a certain amount of fixed costs [for drivers],” says Tluszcz. “You have to buy a car, you have to get insurance, you have to pay for gas… And if you as an intermediary, which those platforms are, are taking an increasing amount of commission — 10%, 15%, now 20 in most of their markets — and then you’re using the price of the trip as a way of beating your competitor… then you as a driver are sitting there with basically all of your fixed costs and your income is going down and frankly the only way to cover your costs is to spend more hours in the car.

“Which is frankly what’s clearly illustrated by this study. These people have to spend so much time to cover their costs when you break it down to an hourly revenue, it’s a pitiful amount. And by the way you have no social coverage because you’ve got to take care of that yourself.”
driving  edgework  business  economics 
march 2018 by juliusbeezer
73 Mind-Blowing Implications of a Driverless Future
Below are my updated thoughts about what a driverless future will be like. Some of these updates are from feedback to my original article (thanks to those who contributed!!!), some are based on technology advances in the past year and others are just my own speculations.
driverless  driving 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
La vitesse abaissée à 80 km/h malgré une expérimentation "pas très concluante"
400.000 kilomètres de routes seraient concernés. Les nationales et départementales vont en effet peut-être voir leur vitesse maximum réduite à 80 km/h, au lieu de 90 km/h actuellement. Mardi prochain, le comité interministériel à la Sécurité Routière (CISR) que tient le gouvernement devrait l'annoncer. Pour justifier cette décision, ce dernier avance qu'une diminution permettra de faire reculer le nombre d'accidents mortels. Mais, problème, l'expérimentation qui a été menée ne permet pas de conclure à une baisse de l'accidentalité.
road_safety  france  driving 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
10 Monkeys and a Beetle: Inside VW’s Campaign for ‘Clean Diesel’ - The New York Times
German automakers had financed the experiment in an attempt to prove that diesel vehicles with the latest technology were cleaner than the smoky models of old. But the American scientists conducting the test were unaware of one critical fact: The Beetle provided by Volkswagen had been rigged to produce pollution levels that were far less harmful in the lab than they were on the road.

The results were being deliberately manipulated.

The Albuquerque monkey research, which has not been previously reported, is a new dimension in a global emissions scandal that has already forced Volkswagen to plead guilty to federal fraud and conspiracy charges in the United States and to pay more than $26 billion in fines.
driving  airpollution  agnotology  science 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
VW condemned for testing diesel fumes on humans and monkeys | Business | The Guardian
Revelations about the tests have only served to deepen suspicions that the industry is looking to increase the acceptance of diesel as a clean source of energy even as increasing numbers of scientific studies show the opposite to be the case.

LRRI said it decided to withdraw from the EUGT-commissioned study in the autumn of 2015 following the emergence of the dieselgate scandal. “After we learned about this fraud, we decided that the study was flawed,” the LRRI’s president Robert Rubin told a German newspaper.
Diesel car sales slump puts thousands of jobs at risk in UK
Read more

Barbara Hendricks, the German environment minister, said what was known about the tests so far was “vile”.

“That a whole branch of industry has apparently tried to discard scientific facts with such brazen and dubious methods makes the entire thing even more horrific,” she said. Those responsible, she added “have not understood what is on the agenda here – to finally accept full responsibility in the diesel scandal”. She said she was “appalled” that scientists had “made themselves available as willing supporters of such despicable experiments”.
agnotology  oil  driving 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
After their attacks on climate science, industrial lobbyists target the scientific evidence on air pollution - Multinationals Observatory
Science under the influence

And obviously, there is the case of Michel Aubier. This eminent respiratory physician cruised the television studios downplaying the dangers of air pollution, only to later reveal that he was also a paid consultant to Total (read our article). In 2012, Aubier published an Académie de médecine report—widely cited by industry—entitled “Impact sanitaire des particules diesel : entre mythe et réalité ?” (The health impacts of diesel particulates: between myth and reality?), that promoted the merits of particle filters. In 2015 he had also testified along the same lines to a senatorial enquiry, claiming that the number of cancers linked to pollution was "extremely few". On both occasions he neglected to mention his pecuniary involvement with a multinational corporation whose primary business is the sale of petrol and diesel. In July 2017 he received a suspended six-month prison sentence and a €50,000 fine for failing to declare this conflict of interest to the Senat when asked.
agnotology  airpollution  air_quality  health  politics  france  us  india  germany  translation  driving  oil 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
How to write a headline about drivers who kill : TreeHugger
"Auto user" is a new way to put it. In the article, he uses the more common term, with an active driver hitting a person walking, rather than a passive person being hit by a car.

The Portland Police Bureau is investigating a collision that happened just after midnight this morning at SE Stark and 148th. A driver hit and killed a person crossing the street on foot; then the driver fled the scene.

Then there is a variation on the theme, with a bit of passive but another variation.

Just three months ago a 40-year-old man walking on Stark was hit and killed by someone using a car.
driving  road_safety  language 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
Motoring myths: what ‘black boxes’ reveal about our driving habits | Money | The Guardian
Installed in about 1m cars by insurance companies, they offer drivers – usually 17 to 25-year-olds – less costly insurance if they drive more carefully. But the telematics black boxes also reveal a wealth of data about how Britain drives - debunking a lot of modern myths, but confirming many others...
Country roads with 60mph limits are a deathtrap for young drivers. Telematics devices know which type of road the driver is on, and find that young and inexperienced drivers handle winding roads poorly.

“When you are on a country road with a 60mph limit, you shouldn’t be doing anywhere near 60mph,” says Vaughan. “What young people need is more help in understanding where it is inappropriate to driven near the limit.”

Crispin Moger of Marmalade says: “Many newly qualified drivers still are too scared to drive on motorways. This results in them spending more time on rural roads. With narrow lanes, blind corners and slow-moving vehicles, these can be far more dangerous than the motorway: according to information published on gov.uk, 80% of young driver fatalities occur on rural roads.”
driving  road_safety 
february 2018 by juliusbeezer
L‘Allemagne tait le nombre d'accidents sur les autoroutes à vitesse libre
sur l'ensemble du réseau allemand, il n'y a qu'un faible tronçon où l'on peut rouler sans devoir surveiller le compteur. 388 km exactement. Mieux encore, on apprend que l'Allemagne garde jalousement ses données d'accidentalité, notamment celles portant sur ces fameux 388km…. Ainsi au niveau européen, le responsable chargé de remplir le fichier des accidents pour chaque État-membre ne parvient jamais à remplir totalement sa mission. Il lui manque à chaque fois l'Allemagne! Berceau des constructeurs de grosses cylindrées, l'Allemagne redouterait en réalité que ces données soient une contre-publicité pour la vitesse. Car le nombre de sinistres recensés sur ces 388 km a finalement été divulgué. Jean-Luc Névache qui fut délégué interministériel à la sécurité routière et qui intervient dans le long métrage s'est procuré ces informations qu'il livre à la caméra…. Sur ce segment où la vitesse est libre, l'accidentalité est trois fois plus forte que celle en France, dit-il.
road_safety  germany  driving 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Rezé. Rouler à 30 km/h en ville, une perte de temps ?
Pour mesurer en situation réelle les avantages et inconvénients de circuler à 30 km/h sur quatre roues, nous avons fait le même trajet avec deux voitures, le même jour, à la même heure. Nous avons choisi un jour de semaine, et pas aux heures de pointe, car les embouteillages obligent de facto à réduire la vitesse qui tombe alors, sur la moyenne d’un parcours, à environ 20 km/h… Ce lundi après-midi, donc, imaginons qu’on ait fait nos courses au centre commercial Océane et qu’ensuite, on doive passer à la mairie.

C’est donc parti pour une traversée de la ville, du sud au nord, sur 4,5 km. La voiture A roule comme d’habitude. La voiture B emprunte le même trajet à 30. Résultat : la vérité du chronomètre contredit l’extrême lenteur ressentie par celui qui a levé le pied
driving  nantes 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Pourquoi devient-on si bête quand on est au volant ?
Entretien avec Jean-Marc Bailet, ancien officier supérieur de la gendarmerie, docteur en psychologie du conducteur, et auteur de plusieurs ouvrages sur la sécurité routière, dont "Le volant rend-il fou ? Psychologie de l'automobiliste" et "Zen au volant. Guide du mieux conduire"...
"L'automobile occupe une place particulière dans l'imaginaire collectif. Symbole du XXe siècle et de la société de la consommation, la voiture a profondément modelé nos sociétés et nos vies. Elle est intimement associée à l'idée d'émancipation sociale et économique. C'est, pour nombre de Français, un symbole d'indépendance, de liberté, voire de transgression. Quand les autorités s'en mêlent, certains y voient donc une atteinte directe à leurs libertés individuelles, une intrusion illégitime de l'Etat et de la puissance publique dans leur pré-carré.

Concernant la sécurité routière, les réactions s'expliquent aussi plus simplement par la psychologie de l'automobiliste : malgré le travail de sensibilisation mené depuis des années, malgré les progrès réalisés en la matière, beaucoup continent de surestimer leurs capacités au volant, et donc à contester automatiquement toute mesure de sécurité routière, qu'ils perçoivent comme inutile."
driving  france  culture  road_safety  psychology  police 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Restraining car use is best way to increase cycling in London, says report – On London
Any suggestion that installing segregated lanes might not be the most effective policy or best use of public money risks unleashing the wrath of cycling activism’s most fervent fundamentalists. That, of course, is all the more reason for making one. However, the conclusions of a recent report by London Travelwatch, the capital’s statutory transport users’ watchdog, have not been drawn out of an urge to annoy. On the contrary, they are as scientific as they are salutary.

Its twelve recommendations for encouraging greater use of bicycles are led by measures to restrain and discourage car use rather than by the engineering of cycle-specific infrastructure, important though it considers that to be. A “wider and more sophisticated system of roads pricing” heads its list, followed by reducing car parking facilities where good alternative transport is available, encouraging car-free housing developments, closing roads to through traffic, and various traffic calming initiatives
cycling  driving  politics  London 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Jura: Percuté par un chauffard alcoolisé, un gendarme très grièvement blessé
Dimanche vers 16h30, un automobiliste circulant sur la départementale 1083 a refusé de se soumettre à un contrôle de gendarmerie, à hauteur de Cesancey (Jura), raconte à 20 Minutes une source proche du dossier.

Il a alors été pris en chasse par un équipage du peloton motorisé de la gendarmerie de Courlaoux et a été rattrapé quelques kilomètres plus loin. Mais le chauffard a subitement fait demi-tour et a renversé un des deux gendarmes l’ayant poursuivi.
driving  crash_report  police 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Young drivers not learning fast enough to avoid collisions with road users such as cyclists, report finds - Cycling Weekly
The report, titled Young Novice Driver Collision Types, found that although younger drivers quickly learned how to prevent “single vehicle loss of control crashes” (such crashing as a result driving too fast on a country road), they were much slower to learn how to avoid collisions with vulnerable road users.

Looking at Department for Transport statistics and a study by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency, IAM Roadsmart and TRL Limited sought to discover which aspects of driving were learned quickest.

The report concludes that young drivers were slow to learn how to deal with manoeuvring and safely negotiating vulnerable road users, suggesting that “advanced hazard perception training” might be a way of reducing the risk that young drivers pose to cyclists and other vulnerable road users.
driving  cycling  road_safety 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Catclaw bursts car tyres to safeguard against illegal and dangerous pavement parking
Catclaw is the size of half a small orange and is designed to be installed in its thousands along kerbs and pavements. When a car or lorry drives over a CatClaw, its weight exposes a sharp steel tube that quickly punctures the tyre. However, it poses no threat to pedestrians – a person standing on top of the device would not be heavy enough to activate it.
driving  urban  environment 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Navigation Apps Are Turning Quiet Neighborhoods Into Traffic Nightmares - The New York Times
But Leonia is not alone. From Medford, Mass. to Fremont, Calif., communities are grappling with the local gridlock caused by well-intentioned traffic apps like Waze, which was purchased by Google in 2013 for $1.15 billion.

Since Waze uses crowd sourcing to update its information, some people — frustrated at the influx of outside traffic — have taken to fabricating reports of traffic accidents in their communities to try to deter the app from sending motorists their way.
maps  gps  driving  urban  environment 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Waze - Official Blog: The 2017 Waze Driver Satisfaction Index
And beyond The Netherlands, Europe is our big winner by region, with 8 of our top 10 most-satisfying countries to drive located in Europe, including:

France
Czech Republic
Belgium
Spain
Slovakia
Sweden
Hungary
driving 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
The day I accidentally killed a little boy - BBC News
The road started out as freeway but quickly became a rural highway, one lane in each direction. The speed limit was 45 or 50mph, fairly fast for that kind of road, it was quite busy and I was in a line of cars doing the speed limit.

I passed a little outpost of houses whose mailboxes were on the opposite side of the street. As I passed the houses a little blond boy darted out, moving from the mailbox to his house. I saw him at the last second. I tried to swerve. There was no way to miss him.

I hit the little boy and he flew up into the air and then landed on the pavement. I pulled over and ran across the street.

I was so distressed that I don't really remember those minutes. I was hiding behind a bush and screaming. I heard myself and I thought, "What is that? Who's doing that?"

And then I realised it was me.
crash_report  walking  children  driving 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Once seniors are too old to drive, our transportation system totally fails them - Vox
Drivers are way more likely to be involved in fatal crashes past the age of 75. And for those 85-plus, the data is even worse than it is for teens.

This is mostly because in the event of a crash, older drivers are more likely to die from injuries than younger ones. But it's partly because older drivers have deteriorating vision and reaction time, which leads to more crashes overall.
driving  health 
january 2018 by juliusbeezer
Launch of Operation Snap | Road Danger Reduction Forum
Motorists can now contribute to help Wales’ police forces keep roads safe by putting digital footage from dash cams and other devices to good use. (Cyclists can also submit helmet-cam or light/camera footage).

As part of Operation Snap, members of the public throughout Wales can submit footage and images showing traffic offences being committed – from driving dangerously or carelessly to contravening solid white lines, using a mobile phone while driving or ignoring traffic lights.
driving  road_safety  police  video 
december 2017 by juliusbeezer
We know polluting cars are killing us. So why do we put up with it? | Abi Wilkinson | Opinion | The Guardian
A report released by the British Lung Foundation today, suggesting that lung disease admissions to hospitals in England and Wales have risen at three times the rate of other conditions, should generate widespread concern. Instead, it has been greeted with a shrug...

We should come to see car journeys as a last resort, something we choose only if other options are unavailable.
driving  airpollution  health 
december 2017 by juliusbeezer
Are cars the new tobacco? | Journal of Public Health | Oxford Academic
We present routine data and literature on the health impacts of private car use; the activities of the ‘car lobby' and factors underpinning car dependence. We compare these with experience of tobacco.
driving  agnotology  health 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
Football agent guilty of killing man while texting behind wheel on M6 | World news | The Guardian
The court heard that Morrison’s speed before the “catastrophic” collision last February was “grossly excessive”. He had travelled at an average of 81mph for 23 miles beforehand, with one driver describing a vehicle going past him “like a missile”.

Forensic analysis of Morrison’s white Apple iPhone revealed he exchanged 25 WhatsApp messages in the 23 miles before the crash, just south of Tebay.

The last was sent to Championship footballer Zach Clough just 96 seconds before impact – a video link to a wonder goal the striker had scored for Bolton Wanderers. Clough responded in a text received by the agent’s phone after the crash: “Not bad was it, ha ha.”
driving  road_safety  crash_report  attention 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
Bike Snob NYC: BSNYC Field Trip: 2017 Philly Bike Expo
as I cruised around the test track I caught myself thinking that if anything has the ability to bring everyday riding to the lazy, complacent American masses then pedal assist is it, and if this doesn't do it then we're all dying in our Hyundais, end of story.
ebikes  cycling  us  driving 
november 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Three Students Who Discovered Dieselgate - SPIEGEL ONLINE
The biggest problem with diesel engines was not carbon emissions, as it is with gasoline engines, but nitrogen oxide (NOx). The U.S. permits much lower nitrogen oxide emissions than Europe does, but certain technologies made it possible to lower emissions to American NOx emissions standards. They, on the other hand, brought a different set of problems - more on them later. ...
The thinking was that if VW's diesel cars had to abide by such strict emissions standards in the U.S., then the company might as well make a virtue of necessity and promote its turbo diesel engines as "green."

"It's not that there was suspicion. On the contrary," says Arvind. "We were just very curious. These diesel emission technologies were quite new. And we knew they worked on paper. But they had never been tested in passenger cars under real driving conditions."
VWgate  pollution  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Electric Vehicles, Batteries, Cobalt, and Rare Earth Metals  - Union of Concerned Scientists
A lot of these warnings have been incorrectly categorized under “EVs and rare earth metals.” Though neither lithium nor cobalt are rare earth metals, and rare earth metals aren’t nearly as rare as precious metals like gold, platinum, and palladium, there are important issues surrounding the production of lithium-ion batteries that must be acknowledged and addressed.
Cobalt, a bluish-gray metal found in the Earth’s crust, is one of today’s preferred components used to make the lithium-ion batteries that power laptops, cell phones, and EVs. Cobalt is mined all over the world, but 50 to 60 percent of the global supply comes from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which has a poor human rights track record. According to UNICEF and Amnesty International, around 40,000 children are involved in cobalt mining in DRC where they make only $1 – $2 USD per day. DRC’s cobalt trade has been the target of criticism for nearly a decade, and the U.S. Labor Department lists Congolese cobalt as a product it has reason to think is produced by child labor. More troubling, cobalt demand has tripled in the past five years and is projected to at least double again by 2020.
energy  driving  technology 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Pays-Bas. Téléphoner au volant sera bientôt puni d’une peine de prison | Courrier international
D’après la VVN, l’association de prévention routière du pays, un quart des accidents de la route sont dus au smartphone. Elle plaide pour que leur utilisation soit punie de la même façon que la conduite en état d’ivresse.

À l’heure actuelle, l’utilisation d’un téléphone au volant aux Pays-Bas est passible d’une amende de 230 euros, qu’il s’agisse d’une conversation téléphonique ou de l’utilisation d’une appli. En France, on risque une amende de 135 euros ainsi que le retrait de 3 points de son permis de conduire
attention  driving  telephony  netherlands  france  law 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
China Fossil Fuel Deadline Shifts Focus to Electric Car Race - Bloomberg
The world’s second-biggest economy, which has vowed to cap its carbon emissions by 2030 and curb worsening air pollution, is the latest to join countries such as the U.K. and France seeking to phase out vehicles using gasoline and diesel. The looming ban on combustion-engine automobiles will goad both local and global automakers to focus on introducing more zero-emission electric cars to help clean up smog-choked major cities.

“The implementation of the ban for such a big market like China can be later than 2040,” said Liu Zhijia, an assistant general manager at Chery Automobile Co., the country’s biggest passenger car exporter that unveiled a new line for upscale battery-powered and plug-in hybrid models at the Frankfurt motor show last week. “That will leave plenty of time for everyone to prepare.”
driving  china  pollution 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Culture Shock: Biking in NYC – Beyond the Automobile
Recently, I finally had a chance to experience biking in New York first-hand during a free day on a recent visit to the city. I bought a day pass for the CitiBike Bike Share (for just $14) and set out on a day-long adventure across Manhattan and some of its boroughs. In short, bicycling in New York is chaos; it’s beyond anything I’ve experienced in Toronto, which by comparison seems like a Canadian politeness contest...
Congestion and traffic brings out the worst in all of us and New York is no exception. Throughout the day, I experienced constant selfish and risky endeavors from all road users (cyclists included). Drivers turning right across my path, cutting each other off, pulling over in front of me, other cyclists passing or merging on my left and right without notice, running red lights and lots of pedestrians crossing on red lights or walking in bike lanes. It was very much an every-person-for-themselves situation.

For the transit capital of North America, NY is astoundingly car-centric. Multi-lane, one-way arterials make up most of Manhattan’s streets, with the city’s many bridges and highways bringing a significant amount of motor vehicle traffic into the city daily. This massive volume of cars is accommodated by providing parking on both sides of just about every street. Most of the side streets are made of one traffic lane with a lane of parked cars on each side. It’s an incredibly inefficient use of public space, especially in a place where space is so precious.
cycling  us  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Bicycle Suspension Is Evil | Outside Online
riding a bicycle can be a contemplative process, and after years of pedaling I've broken through to a place where the sheer malevolence of the car is something I can no longer unsee. I'm like "Rowdy" Roddy Piper in They Live, only it's the bike and not the sunglasses that's revealing the subliminal messages.

Maybe that's why some people seem to hate bikes so much: pedal one for long enough and eventually you'll arrive at the truth.
driving  cycling  philosophy 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Smartphones Are Killing Americans, But Nobody’s Counting - Bloomberg
Out of NHTSA’s full 2015 dataset, only 448 deaths were linked to mobile phones—that’s just 1.4 percent of all traffic fatalities. By that measure, drunk driving is 23 times more deadly than using a phone while driving, though studies have shown that both activities behind the wheel constitute (on average) a similar level of impairment. NHTSA has yet to fully crunch its 2016 data, but the agency said deaths tied to distraction actually declined last year.

There are many reasons to believe mobile phones are far deadlier than NHTSA spreadsheets suggest. Some of the biggest indicators are within the data itself. In more than half of 2015 fatal crashes, motorists were simply going straight down the road—no crossing traffic, rainstorms, or blowouts. Meanwhile, drivers involved in accidents increasingly mowed down things smaller than a Honda Accord, such as pedestrians or cyclists, many of whom occupy the side of the road or the sidewalk next to it. Fatalities increased inordinately among motorcyclists (up 6.2 percent in 2016) and pedestrians (up 9 percent).
driving  road_safety  attention  us  science  psychology 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Motorcycles and emissions: The surprising facts - LA Times
Motorcycles and scooters are, on average, about twice as fuel efficient as cars. Compact and lightweight, their internal-combustion engines do a better job of converting fuel into energy that makes the vehicle move. But extracting more energy from the fuel has a downside. It produces greater amounts of a smog-forming emission called oxides of nitrogen.
driving  pollution  motorvehicles  airpollution 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
'Shocking' short film targets young adults using phone while driving | World news | The Guardian
Academy award winning film-maker Eva Orner has directed the centrepiece of Victoria’s latest road safety campaign, targeting young adults who use their mobile phone while driving.

The 22-minute documentary, It’s People Like Us, follows five young drivers who allowed Orner to place cameras in their cars for 10 days, recording every moment they looked down to check or send a text, took a call, or, in one case, sent a series of selfies on Snapchat.

The footage is intercut with interviews of the young adults describing their phone use. None seemed aware of how frequently they used their phone while driving.
attention  road_safety  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
The Brexit Blog: The German car industry and Brexit
Whilst the main Brexiter fantasy about the German car industry is that it will enforce a good trade deal, it also figures along with the car industries of other countries in the fantasy that Brexit will not impede inward investment. So, unsurprisingly, they greeted the news that BMW are going to build the electric Mini in the UK with great glee. But that glee was misplaced for several reasons. First, the investment is relatively small in car industry terms, involves no new production line and the main components will be built in Germany. The key issue is where car companies decide to build all-new models. Second, it does not negate the fact that car industry investment has collapsed catastrophically as a result of Brexit, from £1.66billion in 2016 to just £332M in the first half of 2017.

The real point, however, is this. No one ever claimed that Brexit would put an end to investment in the UK, just that it would reduce it. But Brexiters disparaged these and other warnings by a kind of reductio ad absurdum.
uk  politics  Brexit  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Lawyer cleared over grandfather’s death at zebra crossing | London Evening Standard
Basant Lal Sharma, 91, was struck by lawyer Charlotte Griffiths as she drove to work through Wanstead in May last year.

The retired father-of-five was on his morning walk to the park. He died from severe head injuries in hospital.

Ms Griffiths, 26, told the Old Bailey that Mr Sharma must have stepped onto the crossing from behind a tree as she accelerated her blue Ford Fiesta to 10mph in second gear. After a two-day trial, during which she wept in court, she was cleared of causing death by careless driving yesterday.
crash_report  driving  London 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
L’excès de vitesse a coûté la vie à un cycliste à Condren - lunion.fr
C’est un conducteur trop pressé qui comparaissait hier au tribunal pour homicide involontaire. Le prévenu a fauché le 5 janvier dernier un cycliste en plein après-midi sur une ligne droite. Ce jour-là, la victime, âgée de 69 ans, roulait boulevard des Aulnes à Condren sur son cyclo. Le retraité tournait pour quitter la route et rejoindre un chemin, quand en face de lui est arrivé une Mercedes qui n’a pas su l’éviter. À l’époque, le cycliste grièvement blessé avait été héliporté vers l’hôpital, il était mort une semaine plus tard de ses blessures.
crash_report  driving  cycling  france 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Revealed: every Londoner breathing dangerous levels of toxic air particle | Environment | The Guardian
The scale of London’s air pollution crisis was laid bare on Wednesday, with new figures showing that every person in the capital is breathing air that exceeds global guidelines for one of the most dangerous toxic particles.

The research, based on the latest updated London Atmospheric Emissions Inventory, shows that every area in the capital exceeds World Health Organisation (WHO) limits for a damaging type of particle known as PM2.5.

It also found that 7.9 million Londoners – nearly 95% of the capital’s population – live in areas that exceed the limit by 50% or more. In central London the average annual levels are almost double the WHO limit of 10 µg/m3.
driving  airpollution  London 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
You're nicked: most common motoring offences revealed - Read Cars
One in three (34%) of drivers admitted to doing something illegal on the road in the last 14 days, while two out of three (64%) confessed to committing as many as five illegal acts in their vehicle a month – and of these, 72% were men.
road_safety  law  uk  driving 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Sorry Mate I didn’t See You or SMIDSY? :Hudgell Solicitors™‎
The SMIDSY, or Driver/Rider Failed to look properly, is by far the most common cause of crashes involving motorcycles. In fact it is the most common cause for all vehicle types with the second most common cause being ‘Failed to judge another vehicles path or speed’. These two factors contribute to nearly half of all collisions each year.

There have been numerous articles about how the eye works in relation to seeing, but the issue goes much deeper, right into our brains core.

This isn’t a motorcycle issue, it’s a human issue.
cycling  driving  psychology  physiology  road_safety 
october 2017 by juliusbeezer
Riding Begets Riding | Outside Online
The fact that I was wasting my cycling life by using a car to ride didn't dawn on my right away. It was more of a creeping realization, reaffirmed by watching people pull up to suburban mountain bike trails in large SUVs, don body armor, and inflate their tires with air compressors just to ride over a few logs for 30 minutes.

Hey, I understand the temptation. When you've got limited time, hopping in a car can mean the difference between doing the same old thing and changing the routine. It's also fun to get a group together, pile in, and take a little road trip. And maybe your immediate surroundings simply aren't conducive to cycling.

But that last reason is exactly why we need to disassociate cars and bikes. Few inventions are as seductive as the motor vehicle, but they also turn everything they touch to shit.
cycling  driving 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
Disabled and older campaigners say NO to shared space › Transport for all › Accessible Transport in London
Transport for All (TfA) and the National Federation of the Blind of the UK (NFBUK) were joined by campaigners from across the Country to protest outside Parliament – calling on the Government to stop the introduction of shared space schemes. This came after the Women and Equalities Select Committee Report called for their immediate halt in April of this year. They supported Michael Pringle, who’s three year old child Clinton Pringle was killed in shared space in Jersey last year. Michael Pringle travelled down from Scotland to lead the group to petition Number 10 on this issue.

Shared space schemes are a design concept which removes the barriers between vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists encouraging everybody to share the same road space.
urban  cycling  walking  driving 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
Drinking and driving in Europe - IAS
Although the number of road accident deaths in the European Union dropped at the beginning of the 1990s, in recent years, the downward trend has stabilized. In the year 2000, road accidents killed over 40,000 people and injured more than 1.7 million in the fifteen countries of the existing Union. The age group most affected is the 14-25 year olds, for whom road accidents are the prime cause of death. One in three Europeans will be injured in a road traffic accident at some point in their lives. This directly costs the European Union 45 billion euros. Indirect costs (including physical and psychological damage suffered by the victims and their families) are three to four times higher. The annual figure is put at 160 billion euros, equivalent to 2 per cent of the Union's GNP.

The European Commission has estimated that one quarter of these deaths, 10000, are due to alcohol, at a cost of 40 billion euros per annum. This figure is likely to be an underestimate, since the global burden of disease study of the World Health Organization estimated in European countries that 45 per cent of the burden of disability arising from motor vehicle accidents for men and 18 per cent for women is attributable to alcohol. Between 1 per cent and 5 per cent of drivers have blood alcohol levels above their country's maximum limits, accounting for up to 20 per cent of fatal and serious injuries, and up to 25 per cent of driver fatalities. Fatal accidents involving large goods vehicles and buses account for about 18 per cent of all fatal accidents. Once involved in a road accident, large vehicles have the potential to cause severe property damage, disruption, delay, and traffic congestion especially in tunnels, on bridges, on main arterial roads, or in densely populated urban areas.
alcohol  driving  eu 
september 2017 by juliusbeezer
CO2 Intensity of Electric Cars | Energy Matters
The bar chart shows that it is mainly countries where electricity is already decarbonised as a result of legacy nuclear and or hydro production that EVs compete with diesel cars on the emissions front (Spain to Paraguay). In all most other countries, EVs will produce similar amounts or more almost as much CO2 than diesel cars, 2 1.7 times as much in India. EVs fare better when compared with petrol cars but not to the extent that would warrant a $10,000 subsidy. And the gasoline car shown has a high fuel consumption of 25 mpg (Table 1). Most petrol cars in Europe will achieve much better fuel consumption than this.

As an additional check, David Mackay [2] quoted a figure (among several others) of 105 g CO2/km for an EV assuming that electricity has a footprint of 500 g CO2 per kWh. That is for driving alone and adding on the manufacturing component we get to 175 gCO2/km which lies in the middle of the numbers discussed here.
driving  climatechange 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
La campagne sans voiture : ça n’existe pas ? – carfree.fr
C’est presque un lieu commun maintenant de dire : « qu’il n’est pas possible de vivre sans voiture à la campagne ». C’est la « pensée unique » des transports en campagne. Si on demande à quelqu’un à quelle distance se situe le village de « pétaou », il nous sera répondu par exemple « 25 minutes », il est implicite que le mode de transport sera la voiture. On saura si une personne est chez elle à la vue de sa voiture garée. On parlera de quelqu’un, en rappelant la marque de sa voiture ou sa couleur. Une route coupée crée un sentiment d’isolation inquiétant. Les alternatives sont systématiquement dénigrées et sous-utilisés. Il y a bien peu de responsabilisation pour sauvegarder un service de transport en commun en l’utilisant, même si cela fait quand même plaisir qu’il existe. Avez-vous vu une seule ferme sans un énorme parking hideux à leur entrée ? La facilité de stationnement et l’absence de congestion rend l’usage de la voiture systématique même pour des distances très courtes.
france  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Vivre à la campagne sans voiture – carfree.fr
’Ademe (l’Agence gouvernementale de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie) a calculé qu’un véhicule revient en moyenne à près de 6 000 euros par an, en comptant l’amortissement, l’entretien, l’assurance et le carburant, soit 500 euros mensuels. Davantage pour les grosses cylindrées et les 4×4. Un automobiliste qui travaille à 20 kilomètres de son domicile dépense entre 200 et 250 euros par mois pour aller travailler. Des coûts à comparer utilement à deux autres chiffres. Un véhicule transporte en moyenne 1,2 personne par trajet et un déplacement sur deux en zone urbaine ne dépasse pas 3 kilomètres.
[De 2008. Le chiffre de nombre des personnes moyen dans un véhicule a évolué ver ~1,7 IIRC —D. 26/8/17]
driving  france 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
What judge said to motorcyclist who caused cyclist's death - Leicester Mercury
Mr Wigoder said Mr Payne, cycling his regular route, heading towards Melton, was 50cm away from the verge when he was struck from behind by the motorbike and “never had a chance”.

He added: “The reason for this accident was this defendant taking a bend at speed which reduced his reaction time.

“This led to panicked braking whilst leaning his bike over at a greater angle and then believing the best course of action was to lay the bike down with disastrous consequences, laying his motorbike down to the nearside.”

The road conditions were clear and dry and the defendant should have had a clear view of Mr Payne when he came round the bend.
crash_report  uk  cycling  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Paris à vélo: la bataille de Rivoli | L'interconnexion n'est plus assurée
Dans une ville aussi dense que Paris, seuls 37% des foyers possèdent une voiture, qui n’est utilisée que pour 13% des trajets, alors que plus de 50% de l’espace est alloué à la circulation et au stationnement.
paris  cycling  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
What to Do if You are Hit by an Uninsured or Untraced Driver
Being in an accident with an uninsured or untraceable driver is understandably frustrating. According to one survey, there were approximately 1.2 million uninsured drivers on the road in 2013 so it’s no wonder accidents involving uninsured drivers are so common. In the UK, third party insurance is the legal minimum insurance required and this covers injuries or damages to other people and vehicles if you’re in an accident.
driving  law  uk 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
«L’art» de relater le décès d’un cycliste – Journal Métro
Joëlle Gélinas, doctorante en communication, a étudié le processus narratif de différents journaux lors du décès de cyclistes en 2016. Elle arrive à la conclusion que le choix des mots et les tournures de phrases évitent d’aborder la responsabilité de l’automobiliste et accentuent celle des cyclistes. Décryptage des trois choses qui ne vont pas dans la phrase suivante: «La cycliste happée mortellement par un camion ne portait pas de casque.»

1. Dépersonnaliser
Une des principales failles de cette formulation consiste à dépersonnaliser le chauffeur. Sur la vingtaine d’articles étudiés, Mme Gélinas a noté que dans 79% des occurrences, les médias utilisent des termes «non humains», tels que «poids lourd», alors que des termes «humains», tels que «chauffeur», auraient pu être utilisés.
cycling  driving  crash_report  france  français 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Cars, bicycles and the fatal myth of equal reciprocity
The fact is the Australian road is not a neutral space. It is ordered by what sociologist John Urry calls the system of automobility.

Urry argues that this is the most transformative system the world has ever seen, one that puts the motorised vehicle at its centre. All other forms of travel, he says:

… have to find their place within a landscape predominantly sculpted by the car system.

As well as all the economic and political interests invested in this system, both public and private, we need to consider the social and cultural meanings these produce around the automobile.

In Australia, ideas of maturity, freedom and autonomy are powerfully entwined with the mythos of the car...

At times as a cyclist among the cars I feel like an insurgent in hostile territory. By now some readers might assume I am advocating cyclist rebellion and lawless riding. I’m not. Cyclists should do their best to be civil and rule-abiding on the road, at least where it doesn’t put us in danger.
culture  driving  cycling  sociology  australia 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Mechanisms underlying cognitive conspicuity in the detection of cyclists by car drivers - ScienceDirect
Realism scores were similar and high in both groups. Cyclist-motorists had fewer collisions with cyclists and detected cyclists at a greater distance in all situations, irrespective of cyclist visibility. Several mechanisms underlying the cognitive conspicuity of cyclists for car drivers were considered.
road_safety  cycling  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Le Cartel automobile – carfree.fr
l’enquête du Spiegel révèle que l’entente a servi à tout faire pour ne pas se plier aux normes anti-pollution, que ce soit en Europe ou aux Etats-Unis. Sans entrer dans les détails, les constructeurs se sont entendus entre eux pour ne pas développer de systèmes anti-pollution réellement efficaces. Si on était cynique, on dirait que les constructeurs de voitures allemands se sont entendus pour gazer l’Europe…
pollution  driving 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Analysis: Switch to electric vehicles would add just 10% to UK power demand | Carbon Brief
Note that EVs offer CO2 savings even under relatively CO2-heavy electricity grids including coal-fired generation. This is because EVs are more efficient than combustion-engine cars. Similarly, the CO2 associated with manufacturing EV batteries is more than offset by savings during EVs’ lifetimes.

A comprehensive literature review from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) says EVs offer CO2 savings of 40-50% compared to average combustion engine vehicles. This includes full lifecycle emissions including manufacture, use and electricity generation, based on an EU average grid mix. This means EVs could cut global emissions by 1.5 billion tonnes of CO2 per year in 2050, a second ICCT study says.
driving  renewables  energy  climatechange  pollution 
august 2017 by juliusbeezer
Factcheck: How much power will UK electric vehicles need? | Carbon Brief
In one scenario, where 100% of cars go electric but smart charging and shared autonomous vehicles help manage the impact on the grid, peak demand could be limited to around 6 gigawatts (GW) in 2050. This is equivalent to 10% of the current 60GW peak demand on a cold winter’s day...
scenarios suggest that with 23-25m EVs in 2050, peak demand could be as high as 18GW, or as low as 6GW, depending how well managed the roll out is.
driving  energy  renewables 
july 2017 by juliusbeezer
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