juliusbeezer + vwgate   17

Revealed: nearly all new diesel cars exceed official pollution limits | Business | The Guardian
Ninety-seven percent of all modern diesel cars emit more toxic nitrogen oxide (NOx) pollution on the road than the official limit, according to the most comprehensive set of data yet published, with a quarter producing at least six times more than the limit.
Diesel cars' emissions far higher on road than in lab, tests show
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Surprisingly, the tiny number of models that did not exceed the standard were mostly Volkswagens, the carmaker whose cheating of diesel emissions tests which emerged last year sparked the scandal. Experts said the new results show that clean diesel cars can be made but that virtually all manufacturers have failed to do so.
driving  VWgate  pollution  airpollution 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
EU Industry chief sees 'fast' phase-out of diesel post-VW scandal | Reuters
EU lawmakers voted 585 to 77 in favor of the draft bill, which would bolster EU oversight and allow Brussels to fine car makers up to 30,000 euros ($31,923.00) per vehicle.

The new measures will eventually take diesel cars off the roads, European Commissioner Elzbieta Bienkowska said.

"Diesel will not disappear from one day to another," Bienkowska told EU lawmakers on Tuesday. "But after this year of work ... I am quite sure they will disappear much faster than we can imagine."

Under the draft law, car makers would no longer directly pay testing agency - in a bid to break their cozy relationships. EU nations now have to fund car exhaust testing centers - although they may levy fees from car makers to do so.
VWgate  pollution  eu 
april 2017 by juliusbeezer
Diesel : Renault soupçonné d’enfumage à grande échelle - Libération
En cause, le système de dépollution par recirculation des gaz d’échappement (EGR) low-cost qui équipe la plupart des diesels Renault. Ce dernier semble bien moins performant que celui du rival PSA Peugeot-Citroën, qui a misé, lui, sur un système catalytique plus cher mais apparemment plus efficace. De plus, Renault bride son système de dépollution pour ne pas affecter les performances du moteur de ses véhicules. La marque joue sur l’ambiguïté d’un règlement européen de 2007 qui interdit l’utilisation de logiciels bridant l’efficacité d’un système de dépollution, sauf en cas de «protection du moteur […] et pour le fonctionnement en toute sécurité du véhicule». «Ce système antipollution est censé fonctionner dans une plage de température d’admission d’air de 17 à 35 degrés. Mais, au démarrage, la température est souvent inférieure et dès qu’il y a du trafic elle est systématiquement supérieure. Résultat, la plupart du temps, dès que la voiture roule, il n’est pas opérationnel», pointe Lepitre de FNE.

Il y aurait donc «tromperie» manifeste du consommateur sur le fonctionnement du système et sur la réalité des émissions de NOx. Toute l’ambiguïté de l’affaire porte alors sur l’efficacité du «contrôle» au moment de l’homologation des véhicules, qui semble lui aussi visé par l’instruction des juges du parquet de Paris. En France, c’est l’Utac, un organisme privé, qui est chargé par les autorités de procéder aux essais d’homologation dans ses centres de Mortefontaine (Oise) et Montlhéry (Essonne). Or, la plupart des véhicules testés passent ce contrôle comme une lettre à la poste car les constructeurs maîtrisent parfaitement le processus de mesure d’émissions polluantes : «Le problème, c’est que le banc d’essai fonctionne avec une température moyenne d’admission de l’air de 23 degrés qui est pile-poil dans la fourchette où le système de dépollution fonctionne parfaitement, poursuit Lepitre. Cela arrange les constructeurs. Il faudrait pouvoir tester les diesels entre - 7 °C et + 45 °C et là, l’homologation Euro 6 serait bien plus difficile à obtenir.»
VWgate  pollution  driving 
march 2017 by juliusbeezer
Dieselgate: les eurodéputés estiment que Volkswagen n'est pas le seul à tricher - Challenges.fr
Malgré la diversité de leurs tendances politiques, les eurodéputés membres de la commission EMIS s'accordent en effet à dire que les constructeurs automobiles aussi bien que les États-membres de l'Union européenne contreviennent à la réglementation communautaire. Les premiers parce qu'ils ne respectent pas l'obligation qui leur est faite de produire des véhicules dont les émissions sont inférieures aux seuils légaux en conditions réelles d'utilisation ; les seconds du fait de leur incapacité à faire en sorte que leurs constructeurs nationaux respectent la loi.

Les eurodéputés critiquent ouvertement aussi la Commission européenne sinon pour son laxisme, du moins pour son manque d'empressement à demander un surcroît d'information aux États-membres.
airpollution  VWgate  eu  politics 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
Six Volkswagen executives charged with fraud over emissions cheating | Business | The Guardian
Six former Volkswagen executives are being charged over their alleged roles in the 2015 emissions scandal, as the company admits liability and is ordered to pay a record $4.3bn (£3.5bn) penalty, US officials have said.

The men are accused of running a near decade-long conspiracy during their time at the firm and are being charged with conspiracy to defraud the United States, violations of the Clean Air Act, and wire fraud, the US attorney general Loretta Lynch said on Wednesday.

“These individuals all held positions of significant responsibility at VW, including overseeing the company’s engine development division and serving on the company’s management board,” she said, adding that they had “seriously abused those positions”.
VWgate  us  law 
january 2017 by juliusbeezer
European commission guilty of 'negligence' over diesel defeat devices, says draft report | Environment | The Guardian
Despite the VW scandal, 27 of the EU’s 28 states have taken neither financial nor legal action against car manufacturers, nor made mandatory recalls or retrofits of vehicles, nor withdrawn type approvals.

Sweden, the sole exception, began running an in-service test programme before it became an EU member in 1995.

France, Italy and Spain were spotlighted by the report for delaying real-world driving emissions standards and pushing for less stringent testing methods.

The dieselgate report condemned what it said was a standard reliance by national regulators on tests provided by car manufacturers’ certified laboratories that created potential conflict of interests.

Gerbrandy said: “Governments disregarded their legal duty to monitor and enforce the ban on defeat devices. There seems to be a blind trust in the good intentions of car manufacturers, especially when they have production plants in the country concerned.
eu  politics  VWgate 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
Scandale du diesel : tout le monde savait... et continuait à polluer - L'Obs
les députés ont constaté que la plupart des pays européens s’étaient lavé les mains depuis des années de tous les contrôles des émissions polluantes. Seuls les pays concernés par les emplois des usines, ou par la pollution avaient été actifs à Bruxelles ce qui explique sans doute aussi la légèreté des règles et des contrôles existants : c’est la Grande-Bretagne, les Pays-Bas, l’Allemagne, la France, le Danemark et l’Espagne, et eux seulement, qui ont fait les règlements européens sur le sujet, et qui ont donné une grande latitude aux constructeurs. Ce sont eux qui ont privilégié les intérêts de l’industrie, et de l’emploi, sur la santé publique. Et pour le moment, rien n’a changé ni à Bruxelles, ni dans aucun des pays concernés.
eu  politics  airpollution  driving  VWgate 
december 2016 by juliusbeezer
As Mayor, I'm calling on VW to reimburse the £2.5 million lost in congestion charge revenue.…
VWgate  from twitter_favs
november 2016 by juliusbeezer
One year on, Dieselgate is a disturbing warning sign about the EU’s house bank – EurActiv.com
EU's bank lent €€€ to help to clean up its act. Now it looks like this cash was used to devise emissions fiddle
VWgate  from twitter
september 2016 by juliusbeezer
VW’s US chief knew of emissions issue for 18 months - FT.com
Volkswagen’s US chief executive knew about a potential problem with the company’s compliance with emissions tests as long as 18 months before the company informed regulators about the issue, he will tell US lawmakers on Thursday.
driving  pollution  environment  VWgate 
october 2015 by juliusbeezer
Energy Outlook: What the Congressional Hearing on VW Missed
Mr. Horn's response to a question about the timeline for attempting to fix the company's non-complying diesel cars from model years 2009-2015.

He explained that the affected models included three generations of engine and emissions treatment technology. The oldest, which he described as "Gen-1" would be the hardest to fix and was clearly not amenable to merely updating the engine management software to remove the "defeat device" code. However, he also indicated that the newest generation might be fixed in exactly that way. That's because they already incorporate the Selective Catalytic Reduction and urea technology used in bigger, more expensive models.
driving  pollution  VWgate 
october 2015 by juliusbeezer
Not just emissions: manufacturers' dirty tricks fake everything about cars / Boing Boing
Worst of all, though, is that once this charade has produced a claim as to the car’s efficiency, no one checks whether it is true or not. In America, too, carmakers are responsible for their own tests. But there the EPA goes on to acquire vehicles at random for testing at a later date, to see if the cars on sale to the public live up to the claims. If the numbers do not match up substantial fines can follow. In 2014 Hyundai-Kia was fined $300m for misstating fuel-economy figures. Europe has no such system for punishing those who transgress. As a result more than half Europe’s claimed gains in efficiency since 2008 have been “purely theoretical”, says T&E. And the industry as a whole has developed a gaming attitude to tests and regulations that it should take seriously. As Drew Kodjak of the ICCT observes, VW’s activities in America are part of a pattern of behaviour that the “European system created”.
driving  politics  eu  pollution  environment  VWgate 
september 2015 by juliusbeezer
VW scandal caused nearly 1m tonnes of extra pollution, analysis shows | Environment | The Guardian
And as European fleet is 50% diesel (cf US=3%) emissions conspiracy will've had ~10x absolute effect in EU:
VWgate  from twitter
september 2015 by juliusbeezer
Everything We Know About the Volkswagen Emissions Scandal - Motor Trend
Volkswagen AG engineers admitted to the deception on September 3, 2015, after the EPA and CARB refused to certify 2016 Volkswagen and Audi four-cylinder diesel models for sale until the issue was resolved. According to the notice, Volkswagen AG engineers wrote two different programs into the engine computer, one for use during emissions testing and one for use at all other times. Additional software would monitor “various inputs including the position of the steering wheel, vehicle speed, the duration of engine operation and barometric pressure” in order to determine when the car was undergoing emissions testing. During a test, it would run the “dyno calibration,” which put emissions controls such as the lean NOx trap (all models) and selective catalyst reduction (AdBlue urea injection, 2012+ Passat only) into full effect. After testing, the computer would revert to the “road calibration,” which turned off the emissions controls resulting in more power and better real-world fuel economy, but at the expense of NOx emissions 10-40 times higher than the legal limit.
driving  health  VWgate 
september 2015 by juliusbeezer

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