Il y a 75 ans.... Nantes était bombardée - France 3 Pays de la Loire
Le centre-ville n'est plus que douleur et ruines : et le bilan est lourd. 700 morts, des centaines de blessés, plus de 10 000 sans abris. Un autre raid aérien aura lieu le 23 septembre. Bilan total de ces deux séries de bombardements : 1463 civils tués, 2500 blessés, et des centaines d'édifices et d'habitations détruites.
nantes  history 
6 hours ago
Active Recovery Induces Greater Endurance Adaptations When P... : The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research
both groups performed 6 sessions of 4- to 6 30-second sprints interspersed with 4-minute recovery over 2 weeks. However, only ARG cycled at 40% V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak during the 4-minute recovery periods, while PRG rested on the bike or cycled unloaded. After the 2-week training intervention, both groups improved 10-km time-trial performance to a similar extent (ARG: 8.6%, d = 1.60, p = 0.006; PRG: 6.7%, d = 0.96, p = 0.048) without gains in V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak. However, critical power was increased by ARG only (7.9%, d = 1.75, p = 0.015) with a tendency of increased maximal incremental power output (5.3%, d = 0.88, p = 0.063). During the training, active recovery maintained V[Combining Dot Above]O2 and heart rate at a higher level compared with passive recovery (V[Combining Dot Above]O2: p = 0.005, HR: p = 0.018), suggesting greater cardiorespiratory demands with the active recovery. This study demonstrated that greater endurance performance adaptations are induced with active recovery when performing SIT over a short time frame.
cycling  physiology  sport 
6 hours ago
The Amazing Rise of Bilingualism in the United States | Psychology Today
there is a steady increase of the percentage of bilinguals between 1980 and 2016. Back in 1980, the percentage of bilinguals was 10.68% whereas in 2016, the last ACS survey for which we have data, it was 20.14%, practically a doubling of the number. If we add a few percentage points to take into account those not included in the survey, the proportion of bilinguals today is probably around 22% of the total population.
language  us 
23 hours ago
Home - Danish Open Access Indicator
The Indicator is produced and released annually by the Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education, part of the Ministry of Higher Education and Science. The Indicator monitors the implementation of the Danish Open Access Strategy 2018-2025 by collecting and analysing publication data from the Danish universities.
openaccess  denmark 
23 hours ago
The Real Solution to Cycling's "White Bro" Problem | Outside Online
Making sweeping pronouncements about the demographics of New York City cyclists from your rarefied perch on the Upper East Side is like concluding that caviar is America’s most popular condiment because they’re always serving it at your country club. But the rest of us who make our way around the city by bike know Cuozzo’s sweeping generalization about race and bikes doesn’t ring true—nor is it supported by actual data, which shows that black, white, and Latino adults in New York City cycle in similar proportions.
cycling  us  funny 
23 hours ago
'For me, this is paradise': life in the Spanish city that banned cars | Cities | The Guardian
They stopped cars crossing the city and got rid of street parking, as people looking for a place to park is what causes the most congestion. They closed all surface car parks in the city centre and opened underground ones and others on the periphery, with 1,686 free places. They got rid of traffic lights in favour of roundabouts, extended the car-free zone from the old city to the 18th-century area, and used traffic calming in the outer zones to bring the speed limit down to 30km/h.

The benefits are numerous. On the same streets where 30 people died in traffic accidents from 1996 to 2006, only three died in the subsequent 10 years, and none since 2009. CO2 emissions are down 70%, nearly three-quarters of what were car journeys are now made on foot or by bicycle, and, while other towns in the region are shrinking, central Pontevedra has gained 12,000 new inhabitants.
walking  driving  spain 
yesterday
Number of dirty diesels on road still growing, report shows | Environment | The Guardian
The number of dirty diesel vehicles pumping out toxic emissions on Europe’s streets is still rising three years after the Dieselgate scandal began, according to a new report. More than 7m such cars and vans remain on UK roads alone.

There were 29m diesel vehicles whose emissions on the road were significantly higher than official laboratory-based EU limits when the diesel scandal erupted in September 2015. But that has now risen by to 43m, according to analysis by the group Transport & Environment (T&E). France has the most dirty diesels on the road, with 8.7m, followed by Germany’s 8.2m and the UK’s 7.3m.
driving  airpollution  europe  uk 
yesterday
Le gouvernement veut faire immatriculer les vélos
revente illicite des cycles", selon l'avant-projet de loi d'orientation des mobilités publié par le sites d'informations Contextele 30 août 2018.

Concrètement, le marquage - "sous une forme lisible, indélébile, inamovible et infalsifiable, en un endroit repérable et visible sans manipulation" précise le texte - devrait concerner seulement les vélos neufs. La technologie, puce ou gravure, sera laissée à la discrétion du constructeur, mais devra être lisible par "capteur optique". L'objectif étant de créer un "fichier national des propriétaires de cycles" pour savoir à qui appartiennent les vélos en circulation.

"Quand vous en achèterez un neuf vous entrerez dans le fichier et quand vous en achèterez un d'occasion, vous aurez une petite formalité administrative à accomplir. Ce sera hyper simple. Cela vous assurera que vous n'achetez pas un vélo volé", précise au HuffPost le député LREM Matthieu Orphelin qui a été l'une des sources d'inspiration du plan vélo.
cycling  france  politics 
yesterday
Why children struggle to cross busy streets safely: New research shows perceptual judgment, motor skills not fully developed until age 14 -- ScienceDaily
New research from the University of Iowa shows children under certain ages lack the perceptual judgment and motor skills to cross a busy road consistently without putting themselves in danger. The researchers placed children from 6 to 14 years old in a realistic simulated environment and asked them to cross one lane of a busy road multiple times.

The results: Children up to their early teenage years had difficulty consistently crossing the street safely, with accident rates as high as 8 percent with 6-year-olds. Only by age 14 did children navigate street crossing without incident, while 12-year-olds mostly compensated for inferior road-crossing motor skills by choosing bigger gaps in traffic.
cycling  road_safety  children  walking  driving 
yesterday
Twitter
According to the linked spreadsheets it looks like the average speed on 30 mph roads…
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2 days ago
Francis Fukuyama: ‘Trump instinctively picks racial themes to drive people on the left crazy’ | Books | The Guardian
“Thymos”... comes from Plato’s Republic. It represents a kind of third way for a soul instinctively divided into two competing impulses – reason and appetite – by Socrates. If the former of those two made us human and the latter kept us animal, thymos fell somewhere in between. Most translations of The Republic suggest its sense for Plato as “passion”. For his purposes, Fukuyama takes it to mean “the seat of judgements of worth”, a kind of eternal status thermostat.

The importance of thymos, he believes, is not only that it has been seriously overlooked by other political theorists. Whereas classical economics tried to explain the world in terms of individuals acting to maximise their financial self-interest, behaviouralists, thinking fast and slow, have proved that our rational capacity is often undermined by more intuitive forces. Perhaps the most powerful of these, Fukuyama insists, is the desire for respect...
“You were told Brexit was clearly going to be very costly for the British economy, therefore it would be irrational to support Brexit,” he says. “But what has been proved is not only that a lot of people voting to leave the EU didn’t care about that, [but] they were actually willing to take a hit in terms of their prosperity. The issues were cultural and they were willing to pay a price, it seems, to have greater control of immigration. In general, the mistake a lot of elites have made is that you can have a politics led by economic rationality divorced from these feelings about national identity.”
philosophy  politics  history  economics  Brexit 
3 days ago
‘My father’s murder in Algeria shaped my life. That’s why Macron’s apology is so important’ | World news | The Guardian
Official investigations into what went on in France’s former colony were quashed as the state threw a blanket amnesty over atrocities by its forces, and each president found it politically expedient to avoid mentioning the war.

Josette Audin, who never remarried, wrote to each new French leader renewing her appeal for information. Shortly after he was elected in May 2017, Macron called her to say he was willing to do something. On Thursday, the Elysée Palace issued an official statement and the president visited Audin’s home with an apology...
In Algeria, Macron’s mea culpa has been welcomed. In France, academics hope his statement and promise to open official archives will encourage witnesses from the period, protected by the amnesty, to come forward. A historian, Gilles Manceron, said Macron had made a “break with the attitude of denial, silence and lies we’ve long had from the state”.
france  politics  francafrique  algeria  agnotology  history 
3 days ago
From hijabs to pretzels – what makes an emoji? | Technology | The Guardian
The Unicode Consortium, which oversees the introduction of new emojis, considers a number of factors for inclusion. “We look at how visually distinctive the item is, how in demand it is, and does it have longevity,” says Lee. The consortium also considers whether proposals are appropriate for a variety of cultures: in 2016, a proposal for a sauna emoji tabled by the Finnish government was approved on condition that the modesty of the naked sauna users was preserved with a towel...
Such decisions matter because Unicode only approves between 50 and 70 emojis every year. “It’s less important if you’re in the UK or the US,” says Lee, “because we’ve got fancy, high-end phones – but if you have a $15 Android phone in Uganda, the drain on resources is a much bigger deal.” Rendering and storing a large amount of emojis can sap the memory of weaker-powered phones.
language  technology  telephony  code 
3 days ago
Twitter
People who ignore speed limits weren't paying attention in physics class. Kinetic…
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3 days ago
Twitter
Delighted for MP! Hope she'll get some mudguards before autumn sets in, but way to go, legislator!
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4 days ago
Twitter
Well done mate. I've bought it and it's on my bookshelf ready to read when I'm not bogged down workin…
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4 days ago
Twitter
Decided to look up the pharmacokinetics of caffeine this am. Compared the entry to my old undergrad clin…
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4 days ago
Twitter
As a long time car owner, I’ve surprised myself by swapping my polluting car for a bike. I’ll see how it goes but s…
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5 days ago
Twitter
Ce dernier particulièrement brillant dans la traduction automatisée proposée par Twitter : "La coupe et l'h…
from twitter
5 days ago
14 ans après la décriminalisation de toutes les drogues, voici la situation du Portugal
La dépénalisation des drogues au Portugal a eu un effet semblable à celui de la psychologie inversée. Comme l’usage n’est plus interdit, on ne perçoit plus de bénéfices à la consommation de la drogue et les personnes sont davantage conscientes des conséquences et dangers éventuels.

D’un point de vue global, la consommation de drogues chez les jeunes de 15 à 24 ans a diminué. Les taux d’infection par le VIH parmi les consommateurs de drogues injectables ont été réduits à un rythme soutenu et le problème est devenu plus facile à gérer qu’au sein de pays ayant des taux élevés. En outre, les décès liés à la consommation de drogues ont sensiblement chuté comme le montre le tableau suivant de Transform Drug Policy Foundation :
drugs  portugal  français  politics 
7 days ago
Twitter
Oh, and thanks for kicking off my Hebrew studies, at which I am, as the French s…
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8 days ago
Twitter
Thanks man. The journalist there observes that poor quality data is a major issue: <10% of the 1…
from twitter
8 days ago
Hate crimes jump for fourth straight year in largest U.S. cities, study shows - The Washington Post
Crimes motivated by race or ethnicity bias are consistently the most common type of reported hate crime, and African Americans are the most targeted group, representing 23 percent of all hate crimes reported in major cities in 2017. Jews are consistently the most targeted religious group, and represented 19 percent of all hate crimes reported in major cities in 2017...
Nearly 90 percent of the country’s approximately 16,000 law enforcement agencies either choose not to supply data for those FBI statistics, or report no hate crimes in their jurisdictions, which can dramatically skew the data, social scientists say.
racism  us  politics  police  crime 
8 days ago
Twitter
This is a useful starting point: . "Jews are consistently the most…
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9 days ago
Twitter
Certainly it is worrying. I don't follow UK/US hate crime data as closely as perhaps I should. P…
from twitter
9 days ago
Twitter
RT : For those who don't know -- Google provides open APIs for some of its products, but not for Google Scholar and not…
from twitter
9 days ago
Twitter
Is it on the rise though? My reading of e.g. the recent Corbyn affair is that some Zionist group…
from twitter
9 days ago
Private hire vehicles might soon have to pay the London congestion charge. What difference would it make? – On London
However, CEPA study also anticipates that, as Mayor Khan acknowledged, PHV operators in the Central London area, who tend to be the larger firms, will respond to the loss of the exemption by distributing the bookings they receive differently among their drivers, resulting in a reduced number of drivers who’ve entered the charging zone picking up more passengers there than before and therefore spending more time than before on the area’s roads. That’s a big reason why CEPA’s calculation of the reduction in PHV traffic levels (6%) in the congestion charge zone, is much smaller than their calculation of the number of PHVs that would enter it (45%).

TfL concedes that the estimated one per cent reduction in traffic levels overall “appears modest”, but still contends that it would represent “an important step in managing and reducing congestion in Central London”, with consequential improvements in air quality too. But Gareth Bacon argued that any “very minor” reduction in congestion would also add to cumulative TfL policies enacted in the Mayor’s name, including hikes in licensing fees, that “are going to have an absolutely devastating impact on the private hire industry,” which has seen the number of firms licensed by TfL – as distinct from the number of drivers – fall in recent years, with smaller operators in particular disappearing
urban  transport  roaddiet  London  driving  finance  tax 
9 days ago
Twitter
The Twitter translation is really bad. Try "Among the crowd at the climate demo today in Nantes, two d…
from twitter
10 days ago
Flickr
Images de la manif à 8 septembre 2018 et cetera
nantes  sauvonsleclimat  from twitter
10 days ago
Twitter
Parmi la foule Facebook à la manif à aujourd'hui, deux chers amis E et B 😀Toujours bon enfant, j'ai avancé…
Nantes  from twitter
10 days ago
Twitter
Cette invitation, arrivée par moyen de la nuage informatique, à l'air intéressante : …
from twitter
11 days ago
Progresser dans sa pratique naturaliste 4/4 : Camargue - Vacances Scientifiques
Cette invitation, arrivée par moyen de la nuage informatique, à l'air intéressante : …
from twitter
11 days ago
Twitter
RT : This is one of the best data driven consensus strategy papers on how to reduce gun deaths in America. Thank you…
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11 days ago
ACS Advocates a Consensus Strategy to Prevent Injury, Disability, and Death from Firearms
The ACS COT’s Consensus Strategy views firearm injury and mortality in the larger context of violence toward oneself or others, which is a major cause of unnecessary injury and death in the United States, claiming on average 175 American lives every single day.*

“To reduce death and disability associated with firearm injuries, we have to think about the strategies that cover the entire spectrum of violence-related events: how firearms are stored in the home, recognition that people who are at risk of self-harm or domestic violence should not have access to weapons, and addressing the causes of interpersonal violence. These strategies don’t get a lot of attention. These are not controversial ideas. All are achievable and could make a huge impact in terms of reducing injury, disability, and death,” said Eileen M. Bulger, MD, FACS, Seattle, Wash., current ACS COT Chair.
Violent Intentional Injuries and Deaths Are a Neglected Public Health Crisis

In 2016, the most recent year for which data are available, a firearm was involved in 51 percent (22,938) of suicides and 75 percent (14,415) of homicides. Since 1999 there has been a 17 percent increase in firearm-related intentional injury death rates; over the same time period, there was a 22 percent decrease in traffic-related deaths.*

Since 2014, the ACS COT has been engaged in a firearm-injury prevention consensus-building project that involved surveys of its members and the ACS Board of Regents and Board of Governors, town hall meetings, and outreach to a broad group of stakeholder organizations.
us  politics  deaths  guncontrol  medicine  healthcare  health 
11 days ago
Words to the poem Toads by Philip Larkin
Why should I let the toad work
Squat on my life?
Can't I use my wit as a pitchfork
And drive the brute off?
work  poetry  english 
11 days ago
Twitter
Cherche traduct(rice)EUR NO>FR, EN HX/POL/peace studies/théologie! Great hopes for Nadine's daughter
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11 days ago
Twitter
Bits are OK: we shd all respect the rules on roundabouts, pavement cycling is more hazardous than riding…
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12 days ago
Twitter
As many more head injuries happen in cars, I'd suggest you focus…
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12 days ago
Twitter
Je crois que la solution serait une remorque + vélo pliant : une fois le gosse est livré à l'école, tu…
from twitter
12 days ago
'He sang the part of a lonely person': the story of 17 Days, a lost Prince masterpiece | Music | The Guardian
17 Days first appeared in full band form in 1984, on the B-side of When Doves Cry, with Prince sharing songwriting credits with Coleman and Wendy Melvoin [aka Wendy and Lisa], and keyboardist Matt “Doctor” Fink. “Usually, the initial ideas came from him,” Coleman explains. “But this really came from the outside in, from the jam.” The lyrics, of course, are Prince’s, and Coleman believes that the song’s tale of a lonely person whose lover has left him for someone else is typical of the man behind the mythology.
music 
12 days ago
Arrest of Syrian 'hero swimmer' puts Lesbos refugees back in spotlight | World news | The Guardian
Greece’s high-security Korydallos prison acknowledges that Sara Mardini is one of its rarer inmates. For a week, the Syrian refugee, a hero among human rights defenders, has been detained in its women’s wing on charges so serious they have elicited baffled dismay.

The 23-year-old, who saved 18 refugees in 2015 by swimming their waterlogged dingy to the shores of Lesbos with her Olympian sister, is accused of people smuggling, espionage and membership of a criminal organisation – crimes allegedly committed since returning to work with an NGO on the island. Under Greek law, Mardini can be held in custody pending trial for up to 18 months.

“She is in a state of disbelief,” said her lawyer, Haris Petsalnikos, who has petitioned for her release. “The accusations are more about criminalising humanitarian action.
greece  migrant  crime  prison 
12 days ago
Ben Okri: 'I was nearly shot because I couldn’t speak my dad’s language' | Stage | The Guardian
Fifty years on, he cuts a familiar dash in his trademark beret, drinking tea in a tiny office at the top of the recently restored Coronet theatre in Notting Hill – where his new adaptation of Albert Camus’s The Outsider (L’Étranger) is about to be staged – and pondering how his traumatic early experiences inform his fascination with the French writer’s existentialist classic...
He regards L’Étranger as “one of those rare books that manage to be both brief and huge at the same time. The cut of its narrative is very unusual.
fren  culture  camus  racism 
12 days ago
‘Human impulses run riot’: China’s shocking pace of change | News | The Guardian
These three surges in suicide demonstrate the failure and impotence of legal institutions in China. The public security organs, prosecutorial agencies and courts all stopped functioning at the start of the Cultural Revolution; thereafter, laws existed only in name. Since Mao’s death, a robust legal system has never truly been established and, today, law’s failure manifests itself in two ways. First, the law is strong only on paper: in practice, law tends to be subservient to the power that officials wield. Second, when officials realise they are being investigated and know their position won’t save them, some will choose to die rather than submit to legal sanctions, for officials who believe in power don’t believe in law...
Before, limited by social constraints, people could feel a modicum of freedom only within the family; with the loss of those constraints, that modest freedom which was once so prized now counts for little. Extramarital affairs have become more and more widespread and are no longer a cause for shame. It is commonplace for successful men to keep a mistress, or sometimes multiple mistresses – which people often jokingly compare to a teapot needing at least four or five cups to make a full tea set. In one case I know of, a wealthy businessman bought all 10 flats in the wing of an apartment complex. He installed his legally recognised wife in one flat, and his nine legally unrecognised mistresses in the other flats, one above the other, so that he could select at his pleasure and convenience on which floor of the building he would spend the night.
china  deaths  politics  culture  sex 
12 days ago
Is Colin Kaepernick’s Nike deal activism – or just capitalism? | Ben Carrington and Jules Boykoff | Opinion | The Guardian
Gil Scott-Heron famously noted that the revolution would not be right back after a message, would not go better with Coke, and certainly would not be televised. It now appears, if Nike’s current advertising campaign is to be believed, that the revolution comes embossed with a Swoosh.

On Monday the famously underemployed NFL player Colin Kaepernick tweeted a black and white image of his face, his eyes staring at us, with the words “Believe in something, even if it means sacrificing everything” etched over the top. Below sits Nike’s Swoosh. The campaign celebrates the 30th anniversary of arguably the most famous advertising slogan in sports – Just do it. Kaepernick’s deal with Nike will allow him to continue his empowering community and youth activism work, such as his Know Your Rights camp. In this light, Kaepernick might be seen as a modern-day Robin Hood.

But is the Nike-Kaepernick partnership a harbinger of 21st-century activism, or a case study in capitalist co-option?
music  politics  us  capitalism  advertising  spectacle 
12 days ago
Twitter
RT : A situation in which cycle campaigners call, dogmatically, for segregation on pretty poor evidence…
from twitter
12 days ago
Information Processing: PanOpticon in my Pocket: 0.35GB/month of surveillance, no charge!
Both Android and Chrome send data to Google even in the absence of any user interaction. Our experiments show that a dormant, stationary Android phone (with Chrome active in the background) communicated location information to Google 340 times during a 24-hour period, or at an average of 14 data communications per hour. In fact, location information constituted 35% of all the data samples sent to Google. In contrast, a similar experiment showed that on an iOS Apple device with Safari (where neither Android nor Chrome were used), Google could not collect any appreciable data (location or otherwise) in the absence of a user interaction with the device.

e. After a user starts interacting with an Android phone (e.g. moves around, visits webpages, uses apps), passive communications to Google server domains increase significantly, even in cases where the user did not use any prominent Google applications (i.e. no Google Search, no YouTube, no Gmail, and no Google Maps). This increase is driven largely by data activity from Google’s publisher and advertiser products (e.g. Google Analytics, DoubleClick, AdWords)11. Such data constituted 46% of all requests to Google servers from the Android phone. Google collected location at a 1.4x higher rate compared to the stationary phone experiment with no user interaction. Magnitude wise, Google’s servers communicated 11.6 MB of data per day (or 0.35 GB/month) with the Android device. This experiment suggests that even if a user does not interact with any key Google applications, Google is still able to collect considerable information through its advertiser and publisher products.
google  android  surveillance  telephony 
15 days ago
(Drawing) Rings Around The World: Some simple economics of cycling
One of the benefits of setting out the cycling decision in an economic framework is that it can allows us to estimate the effects of time, cost and comfort, and that in turn should enable us to make better decisions around infrastructure. Right now TfL are really struggling to properly analyse the costs and benefits of cycling infrastructure, apparently because their models don't incorporate any estimates of mode-switching in response to infrastructure changes, so cycling schemes look poor value for money in contexts where few people currently cycle, i.e. where such schemes may be most needed.

But if we can estimate a statistical model of mode choice with three factors (time, cost and comfort), then we can get at the question of how much additional cycling we should expect to see if we change the infrastructure on a particular route in a way that changes one or more of these factors simultaneously. Such a model could be expressed as something like the following:

Pij = axij + byij+ czij

where Pij is the probability of person i choosing to cycle trip j, x is time, y is cost, z is the comfort or cycling level of service, and a, b and c are the relevant elasticities of cycling with respect to each factor. This specification accounts for the fact that infrastructure elasticities will vary by person and by trip, although you could start with some averages.
cycling  economics  urban 
15 days ago
Mieke Bal: Let’s Abolish the Peer-Review System – Media Theory
When the academy turned “neo-liberal” world-wide, rules were established that have become a “system”, no longer debatable. No consultation, no trial period, revision, or reconsidering. Rules rule, overruling people. One of those rules is the unquestioned system that all respectable, serious academic journals and book series have to obey the requirement to have all submissions for publication “peer-reviewed”. This seemed a good idea at the beginning – to get feedback to optimize quality – but became problematic when generalized into a rule. It has become a term, even part of ordinary language, and I have had it thrown at me many times in totally wrong contexts. I would like to offer no fewer than ten arguments, intricately related yet distinguishable, that make the peer-review system (PRS) highly problematic, and, in my view, ready for abolition. Only when the rule is reregulated – stripped of its rule-character – can alternatives be considered that preserve the positive aspects but eliminate the ten objections I am highlighting here.[1]

The peer-review system is deeply wrong, firstly, because it entails a heavy burden on scholars who should spend the little time they have to do their own work.
peerreview  scholarly  sciencepublishing 
16 days ago
Twitter
Great problem to have! Raspberry jam is the best, but if I recall aunt wisdom correctly, it's tricky to…
from twitter
19 days ago
Glenn Greenwald, the Bane of Their Resistance | The New Yorker
Greenwald and I talked about his definition of “evidence.” In the case of Russia, he seemed to use the word to mean “proof.” His evidentiary needs in this context could be contrasted with his swift, easy arrival at certainty in many other contexts. Greenwald assured me that Tennys Sandgren “didn’t have a racist bone in his body.” He had recently tweeted that Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of Britain’s Labour Party, was not anti-Semitic, and that suggestions otherwise were “guilt-by-association trash.” It would be truer to say that Corbyn’s record provides some evidence of anti-Semitism, and that supporting him requires a response to that.
politics  journalism 
22 days ago
Rendez les routes aux cyclistes ! – carfree.fr
Au début du cyclisme, le Touring-Club et l’Union Vélocipédique de France, dans un bel élan d’émulation, avaient obtenu des départements et des communes, des trottoirs réservés aux cyclistes. Ce fut pendant quelques années, l’âge d’or du tourisme des familles entières partaient le dimanche se reposer loin de Paris, se délasser, en pratiquant doucement le sport le plus agréable et le plus économique.
france  history  cycling 
22 days ago
how to write a paper (one possible answer) : New York Blog
a student recently asked me how to write a paper. here’s an algorithm i’d suggest, with plenty of room for an individual to deviate.
sciencepublishing  writing 
23 days ago
Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions | US EPA
Transportation (nearly 28.5 percent of 2016 greenhouse gas emissions) – The transportation sector generates the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation primarily come from burning fossil fuel for our cars, trucks, ships, trains, and planes. Over 90 percent of the fuel used for transportation is petroleum based, which includes gasoline and diesel.2
transport  climatechange  environment  fossil-fuel 
26 days ago
Twitter
Vincent & his Pedersen. Happy man. Very happy man.
from twitter_favs
26 days ago
Twitter
RT : This is one of the reasons I am proud of the Netherlands - the way our Prime Minister goes to work.
from twitter
27 days ago
Twitter
RT : Please support this My grandad was in here when he was dying from the pit dust on his lungs. And this was our only…
from twitter
27 days ago
Twitter
LLEL: 1,212km with 16,000m of scenery!
Love it.
from twitter
27 days ago
Twitter
I almost certainly won't be going to the annual bash, coming up this Oct in SF, CA, USA but…
from twitter
27 days ago
Twitter
Pooling is a form of news management whoever is doing it.
from twitter_favs
27 days ago
Twitter
So the LLEL mini-adventure finished yesterday at 11:30pm. 1,212km with 16,000m of scenery! Much work to be done bef…
from twitter_favs
28 days ago
Twitter
A short hop last night to the theatre and a ride in the new electric London cab. “Saves me £80 a week on fuel” says…
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28 days ago
Son cœur mis à nu - l’impossible biographie de Michel Foucault - Ici et ailleurs
j’avais durablement négligé de lire pour cette raison même – la biographie de Foucault publiée au début des années 1990 par un universitaire états-unien, James Miller et intitulée, tout un programme, The Passion of Michel Foucault. Je me suis donc dit, au vu de la « mauvaise réputation » de ce livre, qu’il pourrait constituer un bon truchement pour détourner la commande qui m’était adressée et j’ai donc entrepris de la lire avec soin, dans sa version originale, en anglais – puisqu’il semblerait que la version française publiée par les Editions Plon soit quelque peu caviardée, à la demande des héritiers de Foucault. C’est donc de ce livre que je vais vous parler, espérant que ce sera une façon utile de traiter « de biais » le sujet que les organisateurs du séminaire ont annoncé.

C’est un livre qui a donné lieu à des manifestations de rejet et d’exécration comme il arrive assez assez rarement dans la réception, en France, d’ouvrages ayant pour objet, au sens large, la philosophie. Voici par exemple ce qu’en dit Didier Eribon, le premier biographe de Foucault, et le seul Français parmi ceux-ci , dans Foucault et ses contemporains (1994), un livre écrit, pour une bonne part, contre James Miller, dans le but d’allumer un contre-feu à la publication annoncée, en français, de La passion Foucault (titre français, encore plus choc que le titre anglais) : « Je fus frappé de stupeur quand il me fut donné de le [le livre de Miller] lire. Tout le parcours intellectuel de Foucault y était expliqué par son goût prononcé pour ‘l’expérience-limite’, toute sa pensée décryptée comme une ‘allégorie autobiographique’ où s’exprimeraient, par delà les masques d’une prose virtuose, les pulsions du sado-masochisme et la fascination de la mort. La vie de Foucault, son œuvre, ses livres, ses engagements politiques s’y trouvaient nimbés d’une lumière crépusculaire, zébrée par les éclairs intermittents de la folie ; la quête suicidaire inlassablement poursuivie s’achevant dans la terrible apothéose finale - le sida – dont Miller ose même se demander si elle n’était pas ‘délibérément choisie’ ».
philosophy  history  foucault 
28 days ago
Guillaume Martin, le Nietzsche dans le guidon - Libération
A dire vrai, les réflexions de Martin sont incendiaires comme l’œuvre à la grenade du grand Fredo Nietzsche. Elles secouent notre vision du sport et en dessinent une nouvelle. Idéaliste, radicale, garde-fou des dérives telles que le dopage. Jean-François Balaudé, prof de philo et président de l’Université Paris-Nanterre, décrit l’étendue du brasier : «Guillaume Martin est le seul étudiant que j’ai accepté de diriger dans l’écriture de son mémoire, parce que son parcours sportif, alors aux portes du professionnalisme, m’avait séduit. Mais aussi parce qu’il existe très peu de travaux universitaires de cette ampleur en philosophie du sport. Le sujet qu’il traite est relativement original.»

Le prof contient mal son émotion : «Que Guillaume participe au prochain Tour de France est l’objet d’une jubilation profonde, dit-il.
cycling  philosophy  sport 
28 days ago
Certification Exam Overview
An ATA certification examination is a three-hour, open-book, proctored exam that offers the candidate three passages of about 225 to 275 words each (actual text for passages with English as a source language and the English equivalent for passages with English as a target language). Two of these passages must be translated.

Each examination passage is chosen in such a way as to avoid highly specialized terminology challenges requiring research. There are indeed terminology challenges, but they can be met with a good general dictionary.

In addition to the text to be translated, each examination passage includes Translation Instructions, specifying the context within which the translation is to be performed (text source and translation purpose, audience, and medium) and providing specific instructions such as “text is intended for educated non-specialists” or “translate xxx as XXX.” Translation Instructions can be thought of as reflecting the client's expectations, were the examination a real-life translation assignment...

The ATA standard for a passing examination is a level of obvious competence with some room for growth. Candidates can obtain an idea of what this means in practical terms by consulting the ILR Skill Level Descriptions for Translation Performance. A passing grade in the ATA examination is roughly equivalent to a minimum of Level 3 as described in the ILR document.
translation  education 
29 days ago
ILR
A successful translation is one that conveys the explicit and implicit meaning of the source language into the target language as fully and accurately as possible. From the standpoint of the user, the translation must also meet the prescribed specifications and deadlines.

Competence in two languages is necessary but not sufficient for any translation task. Though the translator must be able to (1) read and comprehend the source language and (2) write comprehensibly in the target language, the translator must also be able to (3) choose the equivalent expression in the target language that both fully conveys and best matches the meaning intended in the source language (referred to as congruity judgment).

A weakness in any of these three abilities will influence performance adversely and have a negative impact on the utility of the product. Therefore, all three abilities must be considered when assessing translation skills.
translation  education 
29 days ago
Twitter
Bodinnick ferry. First of a few over coming days.
from twitter_favs
4 weeks ago
Twitter
À consommer en modération ! Une blonde en terrasse à 19h20 au soleil en Bas-Chantenay
from twitter_favs
4 weeks ago
Twitter
On mange la salade tous les jours. Vinegrette, graines de tournesol, levure de brasseur, betteraves...
from twitter
4 weeks ago
Saddle Height and Cadence Effects on the Physiological, Perceptual, and Affective Responses of Recreational Cyclists - Alberto B. Kruschewsky, Rodolfo A. Dellagrana, Mateus Rossato, Luiz Fernando P. Ribeiro, Caetano D. Lazzari, Fernando Diefenthaeler, 201
Saddle height influences cycling performance and would be expected to influence cyclists physically, perceptually, and emotionally. We investigated how different saddle positions and cadences might affect cyclists’ torque, heart rate, rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and affective responses (Feeling scale). Nine male recreational cyclists underwent cycling sessions on different days under different conditions with a constant load. On Day 1, the saddle was at the reference position (109% of the distance from the pubic symphysis to the ground), and on Days 2 and 3, the saddle was in the “upward position” (reference + 2.5%) and “downward position” (reference − 2.5%) in random order. Each session lasted 30 minutes and was divided into three cadence-varied 10-minute stages without interruption: (a) freely chosen cadence (FCC), (b) FCC − 20%, and (c) FCC + 20%. We assessed all dependent measures at the end of each 10 minute stage. While there was no significant interaction (Saddle × Cadence) for any of the analyzed variables, torque values were higher at lower cadences in all saddle configurations, and the FCC + 20% cadence was associated with faster heart rate, higher RPE, and lower affect compared with FCC and FCC − 20% in all saddle positions. At all cadences, the saddle at “downward position” generated a higher RPE compared with “reference position” and “upward position.” The affective response was lower in the “downward position” compared with the “reference position.” Thus, while cyclists perceived the downward (versus reference) saddle position as greater exercise effort, they also associated it with unpleasant affect.
cycling  science  tools  exercise 
5 weeks ago
We’re in a new age of obesity. How did it happen? You’d be surprised | George Monbiot | Opinion | The Guardian
Others insisted that the cause is a decline in manual labour. Again, this seems to make sense, but again the data doesn’t support it. A paper last year in the International Journal of Surgery states that “adults working in unskilled manual professions are over four times more likely to be classified as morbidly obese compared with those in professional employment”.

So how about voluntary exercise? Plenty of people argued that, as we drive rather than walk or cycle, are stuck to our screens and order our groceries online, we exercise far less than we did. It seems to make sense – so here comes the next surprise. According to a long-term study at Plymouth University, children’s physical activity is the same as it was 50 years ago. A paper in the International Journal of Epidemiology finds that, corrected for body size, there is no difference between the amount of calories burned by people in rich countries and those in poor ones, where subsistence agriculture remains the norm. It proposes that there is no relationship between physical activity and weight gain. Many other studies suggest that exercise, while crucial to other aspects of good health, is far less important than diet in regulating our weight. Some suggest it plays no role at all as the more we exercise, the hungrier we become.
exercise  obesity  health  food 
5 weeks ago
Government opens dangerous and careless cycling law consultation | road.cc
Alliston, who had been riding a fixed wheel bike with no front brake when he collided with Mrs Briggs in 2016, fatally injuring her, was acquitted of manslaughter but found guilty of causing bodily injury through wanton or furious driving under the Offences Against the Person Act 1861.

The case led to calls for the law to be updated, rather than prosecutors having to rely on outdated legislation in such circumstances and last year the government announvced that it was conducting a review of the law.

Announcing the consultation today, transport minister Jesse Norman, who has responsibility for cycling and walking, said: “In recent weeks we have announced a range of measures designed to protect vulnerable road users such as cyclists and pedestrians.
cycling  road_safety  uk  law  agnotology  dccomment 
5 weeks ago
Twitter
Straight out of the Vladislav Surkov playbook. Generate outrage with a ludicrous narrative about a harmless minorit…
from twitter
5 weeks ago
Inside the Daily Stormer’s Style Guide
The style guide is surprisingly fastidious about formatting. Links must not “stretch into the spacing between words.” Images must be exactly three hundred and twenty pixels wide, to avoid anything “aesthetically problematic.” Each post “should be filled with as much visual stimulation as possible,” in order to “appeal to the ADHD culture”; passages from mainstream sources must be unaltered, so that “we can never be accused of ‘fake news’—or delisted by Facebook as such.”

One section is called, simply, “No Such Thing as Too Much Hyperbole.” “Even when a person can say to themselves ‘this is ridiculous,’ they are still affected by it on an emotional level,” the guide says. “Refer to teenagers who get arrested for racist Twitter posts as ‘eternally noble warriors bravely fighting for divine war to protect the blood heritage of our sacred ancestors’. . . . You and anyone reading can say omg corny lol. But it just doesn’t matter to the primitive part of the brain.”
editing  politics  us  internet  socialmedia 
5 weeks ago
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