jpom + inls501   91

Dervin, B., & Dewdney, P. (1986). Neutral Questioning: A New Approach to the Reference Interview. RQ, 25(4), 506-513.
Neutral questioning is a strategy for conducting the reference interview in a way that allows the librarian to understand the query from the user’s viewpoint. Neutral questions are open in form, avoid premature diagnosis of the problem, and structure the interview along dimensions important to the users. Derived from extensive studies into information-seeking behavior, this strategy has now been taught to over a thousand practitioners through workshops developed in 1981. Empirically based research to test the effects of neutral questioning is in progress. Informal evaluation indicates that neutral questioning may become a useful component of in-service training for librarians.
inls501  reading  question  reference 
october 2012 by jpom
Frei, Frances. (2006). Breaking the Trade-off Between Efficiency and Service. Harvard Business Review, 84(11), 92-101.
Customers may arrive at different times, request different kinds of service, possess different capabilities, make varying degrees of effort, and have different personal preferences. Should companies accommodate variability or reduce it? Accommodation often involves asking employees to compensate for the variations among customers--a potentially costly solution. Reduction often means offering a limited menu of options, which may drive customers away. Some companies have learned to deal with customer-introduced variability without damaging either their operating environments or customers' service experiences. Starbucks, for example, handles capability variability among its customers by teaching them the correct ordering protocol. Dell deals with arrival and request variability in its high-end server business by outsourcing customer service while staying in close touch with customers to discuss their needs and assess their experiences with third-party providers. The effective management of variability often requires a company to influence customers' behavior. Managers attempting that kind of intervention can follow a three-step process: diagnosing the behavioral problem, designing an operating role for customers that creates new value for both parties, and testing and refining approaches for influencing behavior.
inls501  reading  services  service_science 
september 2012 by jpom
Kim, S. & Oh, S. (2009). User's Relevance Criteria for Evaluating Answers in a Social Q&A site. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology. 60(4), 716-727.
This study examines the criteria questioners use to select the best answers in a social Q&A site (Yahoo! Answers) within the theoretical framework of relevance research. A social Q&A site is a novel environment where people voluntarily ask and answer questions. In Yahoo! Answers, the questioner selects the answer that best satisfies his or her question and leaves comments on it. Under the assumption that the comments reflect the reasons why questioners select particular answers as the best, this study analyzed 2,140 comments collected from Yahoo! Answers during December 2007. The content analysis identified 23 individual relevance criteria in six classes: Content, Cognitive, Utility, Information Sources, Extrinsic, and Socioemotional. A major finding is that the selection criteria used in a social Q&A site have considerable overlap with many relevance criteria uncovered in previous relevance studies, but that the scope of socio-emotional criteria has been expanded to include the social aspect of this environment. Another significant finding is that the relative importance of individual criteria varies according to topic categories. Socioemotional criteria are popular in discussion-oriented categories, content-oriented criteria in topic-oriented categories, and utility criteria in self-help categories. This study generalizes previous relevance studies to a new environment by going beyond an academic setting.
inls501  reading  socialQ&A  evaluation  user  relevance 
september 2012 by jpom
Shah, C., Oh, S., and Oh, J. S. (2009). Research agenda for Social Q&A. Library & Information Science Research, 31(4), 205-209.
As new venues of information and tools for information access are emerging, people's online information seeking behavior is dramatically evolving. While a majority of well-established and classical models of information seeking and behavior are still valid, there is a growing need to study and explain novel information sources and information seeking behaviors that are unique to these sources. One emerging domain is social question and answer (Q&A). This article develops a research agenda for social Q&A, reviewing recent studies and identifying core issues, questions, and challenges.
inls501  reading  socialQ&A 
september 2012 by jpom
What are some challenges to doing DH in the library? | Miriam Posner's Blog
Having actually done some digital humanities in the library, this attitude frustrates me, though I understand where it comes from. In my experience, many of the barriers to completing digital humanities projects in the library arise not from librarians themselves, but from a set of institutional and administrative factors that will be familiar to most people in Libraryland.
inls501  reading  academic  libraries  digital_humanities  services  adminstration 
september 2012 by jpom
Roy Tennant’s Wake-Up Call to Academic Librarians
Tennant believes librarians need to change the way we interact with our communities. He told us to pare down collections to make space for people. He wants to push librarians out from behind their desks to mingle with the community. Below are some of his key ideas for how to rock the challenges of academic libraries.
inls501  reading  libraries  academic  future  services 
september 2012 by jpom
Defining Public Services for large research libraries « Feral Librarian
For the meeting of the ACRL Public Services Directors of Large Research Libraries Discussion Group at ALA Annual this year, I volunteered to kick off a discussion on how we define “public services”. The topic got listed on our agenda as “Defining Public Service in Large ARL Libraries”, which makes it that much more interesting for someone from Stanford to lead the discussion ;-).
inls501  reading  services  ARL  libraries  academic 
september 2012 by jpom
Rettig, J. (1987). Every Reference Librarian a Reviewer. RQ, 26 (4), 467-76.
The process a reference book reviewer engages in when reviewing a new reference work is very similar to the process a reference librarian engages in, or at least should engage in, when using a reference collection to fulfill a patron's information need. Reference librarians ought to learn each reference work well enough, in effect, to review it for a patron who must judge and use the information a source contains or leads to. Reference librarians have not demonstrated a strong willingness to give such reviews; in fact, some libraries have policies forbidding them to do so in certain cases. The quality oflibrary service will improve if reference librarians come to view this day-to-day, unwritten reviewing of reference works as an essential part of their role as intermediaries between patrons and information sources in all formats.
inls501  reading  reference  review 
august 2012 by jpom
SPEC Kit 327: Reconfiguring Service Delivery
As the web emerged during the last decade, technological change continued to influence deeply, rivaling growth as a constant in many libraries. As a result, library administrators confronted such phenomena as the increased provision of online content (particularly journal content in the sciences), such demographic phenomena as staff retirements and the graying of the profession and, in many cases, reduced budgets. A time of great uncertainty for research libraries, the purpose of this spring 2011 survey is to assess the impact that such factors had on the service provision in ARL libraries. Of particular concern in this study are two broad categories of library-staffed service points, staffed service desks and branches (defined broadly) that report to main libraries. While we acknowledge that a trend towards consolidating and reconfiguring library-staffed service points indeed existed before we started compiling the data for this SPEC Kit, with this study we hope to collect, document, and reveal some of the newest changes in order to better characterize and explore what is emerging.
inls501  inls890121  services  evaluation 
august 2012 by jpom
Ti Point Tork » Blog Archive » Libraries: Where It All Went Wrong
So, to recap:
be useful as well as important
collections, discovery, distribution
bits are cheap to copy
access is expected
the Internet is bigger than you are
we have too many bits
the Internet connects things
inls501  inls740  libraries  librarianship  future  innovation 
june 2012 by jpom
Geeks Are the Future: A Program in Ann Arbor, MI, Argues for a Resource Shift Toward IT
"We need big servers and the geeks to take care of them," Neiburger said. "What are we going to cut to be able to hire a geek? We are going to cut reference staff. Reference is dead," he said.
inls501  reference  infrastructure  change_management 
april 2012 by jpom
Library Hi Tech | Chatbots in the library: is it time?
Purpose – This paper aims to describe a pilot at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln for a chatbot that answers questions about the library and library resources.

Design/methodology/approach – The chatbot was developed using a SQL database to store the question and answers using artificial intelligence mark-up language metadata. The user interface was built using PHP, adapted from Program-O. The open source PHP program was modified to support better display and the launching of URLs within the chatbot screen. Database content was created by “mining” library websites for information, and analyzing chat logs.

Findings – The chatbot answers questions from a variety of users from around the world. It has attracted an unexpected number of social chatters, which required some additional metadata to accommodate personal chatting and to guide questions back to the intent of the project. The majority of questions are directional or factual questions that Pixel can handle. The database proved to be practical to build and revise as library resources and personnel changed.

Practical implications – The chatbot provides a 24 hour, seven day a week service that is consistent, can be enhanced as resources, services, or staff change, and provides a playful interface that engages users. It replaces complicated navigation systems and scrolling through search results with more targeted answers, and has the ability to refer questions to librarians.

Originality/value – Although chatbots have been around for several decades, there is a scarcity of reports in published library literature about their use in libraries.
inls501  chat  chatbot  QA  reference  SQL  PHP 
march 2012 by jpom
Library & Information Science - Area 51 - Stack Exchange
Proposed Q&A site for librarians and library professionals.
inls501  socialQ&A  StackExchange 
january 2012 by jpom
How Wikipedians-in-Residence Are Opening Up Cultural Institutions - Jared Keller - Technology - The Atlantic
Cultural institutions, especially those with a glut of historical documents, have an interest in utilizing Wikipedia to call attention to their untouched stores. "The National Archives maintains national records and preserve cultural heritage, but they don't do a great job of presenting this information to the public in a searchable, digestible format," says McDevitt-Parks. "This is exactly what Wikipedia does: presenting history and cultural in a way that people use every day. For the Archives specifically, the mission is not just preserving documents, but promoting their use. Through some sort of collaboration, we can make these records available for regular use by the public at large."
wikipedia  cultural_institutions  inls740  inls501 
december 2011 by jpom
Introduction to Dialog for Information Professionals
Introduction to Dialog for Information Professionals is intended primarily for use by graduate students in library and information science or other research-intensive disciplines. The workbook introduces command language, search strategy, proximity operators and truncation, database construction and indexing. Supplementary sections (available online only) provide additional information on search techniques and advanced features of the Dialog system.
inls501  dialog 
september 2011 by jpom
Bopp and Smith Companion Website
This companion website is intended to serve as a bridge between the 3rd edition and the 4th edition, forthcoming December 2008. The content includes updates to the 3rd edition, and will include supplementary material for the 4th edition.
inls501  reading  reference 
september 2011 by jpom
Virtual Reference Bibliography
This bibliography is designed to be used by virtual reference (VR) practitioners, researchers, students, and others. The Rutgers' team has verified all of the bibliographic citations so we are striving for a reliable resource for those interested in the print and electronic literature on VR services (aka Digital Reference or Electronic Reference). Entries include citations to journal articles, websites, and other works on all aspects of VR (live chat, e-mail, IM, and other electronic reference modes). Links to full-text articles are provided if available on the open web. This search interface enables you to search by author, title, or keyword. Authors of VR related works are invited to submit new entries and to offer corrections for any mistakes.
inls501  reference  virtual_reference  research 
september 2011 by jpom
Sessoms, P., & Sessoms, E. (2008). LibraryH3lp: A New Flexible Chat Reference System. code4lib Journal, 4.
LibraryH3lp is an integrated IM and web chat system designed specifically for Virtual Reference services in libraries. The software was designed for, and is currently used by, a night-time chat reference collaboraton between several large academic libraries. LibraryH3lp is designed for the workflow of chat reference, supporting multiple simultaneous operators and routing to queues of operators in a particular service area. It also supports web page embeddable chat ‘widgets’, as well as simultaneous gateways to multiple IM protocols. This article discusses the motivation for the development of the software, and provides an overview of LibraryH3lp’s features and technical architecture. Parts of LibraryH3lp are available as open source. The complete application is available as a low-cost hosted service, and will eventually be available to be licensed for local hosting.
inls501  inls490121  reading  opensource  reference  libraryh3lp  chat  im 
september 2011 by jpom
ACRL Information Literacy
ACRL Information Literacy Web Site ACRL's Information Literacy Advisory Committee's gateway to resources on information literacy.
inls501  information_literacy 
september 2011 by jpom
Encountering Virtual Users: A Qualitative Investigation of Interpersonal Communication in Chat Reference
This study is among the first to apply communication theory to an exploration of relational (socioemotional) aspects of VRS. It reports results from a pilot study that analyzed 44 transcripts followed by an analysis of 245 randomly selected anonymous transcripts from Maryland AskUsNow! statewide chat reference service. Transcripts underwent in-depth qualitative content analysis. Results revealed that interpersonal skills important to FtF reference success are present (although modified) in VRS. These include techniques for rapport building, compensation for lack of nonverbal cues, strategies for relationship development, evidence of deference and respect, face-saving tactics, greeting and closing rituals. Results also identified interpersonal communication dynamics present in the chat reference environment, differences in client versus librarian patterns, and compensation strategies for lack of nonverbal communication.
inls501  reading  reference  chat  transcript  communication  content_analysis 
september 2011 by jpom
What is reference for?
Janes, J. (2003). What is Reference For? Reference Services Review, 31(1), 22-25. Much discussion has taken place about the future of reference work and its place within the library and the emerging information environment. It seems reasonable, then, to reflect briefly on the purposes and motivations of reference – past, present and future – to see if those do not help us get a better handle on what we should be doing in the years to come.
inls501  reading  reference  future  first_principles  inls490121 
september 2011 by jpom
An Informal History (and Possible Future) of Digital Reference
Just because the use of networked technology in reference work was inevitable doesn’t mean it was an add-water-and-stir proposition. A number of complicated and occasionally frustrating issues arose as services grew and developed and took form.
digital  reference  inls501  reading  history 
september 2011 by jpom
Is traditional reference service obsolete?
We take the position that traditional academic reference service, until now held to be a key element within higher education, does not need to be rethought or reconfigured, it needs to be eliminated.
inls501  reading  reference  future  obsolescence 
september 2011 by jpom
The Digital Reference Research Agenda
A research agenda for the study of digital reference is presented. The agenda stems from a research symposium held at Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts in August 2002. The agenda defines digital reference as the use of human intermediation to answer questions in a digital environment. The agenda also proposes the central research question in digital reference: How can human expertise be effectively and efficiently incorporated into information systems to answer user questions? The definition and question are used to outline a research agenda centered on how the exploration of digital reference relates to other fields of inquiry.
inls501  reading  digital  reference  research_agenda 
september 2011 by jpom
Research Libraries: Connecting Users to Numeric and Spatial Resources
The burgeoning use of numeric data resources across all academic disciplines raises significant questions about the library's role in providing data services and promoting quantitative literacy. This study analyzes the content of web pages to determine the presence and promotion of data resources and services at a random sample of large research libraries (and their related institutions) in North America. The results prompt the authors to challenge libraries to more fully engage their users in efforts at richer discovery, use, and analysis of data.
inls501  reading  data  libraries 
september 2011 by jpom
Reference BackTalk: Shift Happens–Moving Reference to Circulation
After much reflection, the Middlesex Community College Library in Connecticut took the plunge last summer. Are we talking a day at the beach? A dip in someone's pool? No, not as refreshing as that, although we did feel as if we were drowning at times. The plunge was our decision to intershelve reference books with circulation. The changing nature of how students access information, as well as a growing number of distance learners who never visit our physical campus, ultimately became the tipping point.
inls501  reference  circulation  librarianship 
september 2011 by jpom
Guidelines for Implementing and Maintaining Virtual Reference Services
The purpose of these guidelines is to assist libraries and consortia with implementing and maintaining virtual reference services. The guidelines are meant to provide direction, without being over- prescriptive. Variance among institutions will result in differences in the adherence to these guidelines, but the committee hopes to have cast the model broadly enough to provide a framework for virtual reference which can be widely adopted and which will endure through many changes in the ways in which libraries provide virtual reference services.
inls501  reading  digital  reference  guidelines  best_practice 
september 2011 by jpom
The Viability of Live Online Reference: An Assessment
The MIT Libraries enthusiastically implemented real-time online reference service in September 2001. After 15 months, Ask Us!—Live was suspended due to ongoing software problems. This article describes the four-part assessment of the service with recommendations for the future.
inls501  reading  digital_reference  closure 
september 2011 by jpom
Who Let the Librarians Out: Embedded Librarianship and the Library Manager
One of the newer ideas being discussed and tried in libraries is “embedded librarians.” The phrase comes from “embedded journalists,” and places a reference librarian right in the midst of where the user is to teach research skills whenever and wherever instruction is needed. In colleges and universities, our users are in the classroom, especially the electronic classroom. In business they are in the research lab or office. In hospitals they are with doctors and nurses. Embedded librarians are like bibliographic instruction librarians that have been totally immersed—this is more than collaborating with classroom faculty members. The embedded librarian is David Shumaker’s area of research, and here he gives a good introduction to the topic and some specific guidelines on how to start an embedded librarian program in your library.
inls501  librarianship  reference  embedded 
september 2011 by jpom
Guidelines for the Introduction of Electronic Information Resources to Users
These guidelines are intended to assist librarians who provide and publicize new electronic information resources to users and potential users. This document applies to Web-based, networked, and stand-alone resources that users may directly or indirectly access in an electronic format. The guidelines primarily apply to electronic information resources provided for end users and secondarily to mediated services. They apply to resources created by the library, commercially licensed, or freely available. Directed at information service staff who coordinate and manage the introduction of new electronic information resources, this document offers practical guidance to any library staff concerned with strategies for implementation, policy, procedure, education, and/or direct provision of electronic information resources.
inls501  reading  reference  guidelines  best_practice  resources 
september 2011 by jpom
A multiple-case study investigation of the discontinuation of nine chat reference services
Using the multiple-case study method, this research investigates reasons why nine virtual reference (chat) services have been discontinued. ... The major reason for discontinuation was funding problems, followed by low volume (including low volume by target audience). Other reasons were staffing problems, technical problems, and institutional culture issues. Staffing issues included the need for comfortable staffing patterns, maintenance of sufficient volume to maintain proficiency, and cultivation of positive attitudes. Technical problems centered on software malfunctions and connectivity difficulties. Within two of the consortia, different patterns of funding, staffing, and mission posed difficulties for blended cultures that caused the consortia to break up. Despite all these issues, the possibility of restarting chat services, perhaps in consortia or with simpler chat software, exists for all services, with two services desiring to restart when funds and reorganization permit.
inls501  reading  digital_reference  closure 
september 2011 by jpom
Integrating an Engineering Library's Public Services Desk
Launching a new outreach initiative and renovating the library provide both an incentive and an opportunity to redesign service points and reexamine how staff can best meet the needs of their users. The Engineering Library at Cornell University recently merged separate reference and circulation desks into a single service area for a number of reasons. This process was made smoother by integrating the multiple perspectives and concerns of those affected by the change. The help of a staff development specialist, team building exercises, small cross-functional working groups, and provisions for cross training were all built into the process. Considering all points of view was an essential part of the process and its outcomes.
inls501  reference  librarianship  circulation  point_of_service 
september 2011 by jpom
Ask an IPL Librarian Digital Reference Service Student and Volunteer Training Manual
We designed this Preface to the Ask an ipl2 Librarian Digital Reference Service Student and Volunteer Training Manual as a guide through the training process. Please review the five steps to expedite the training process so that you may answer real questions. We hope the following outline helps you to proceed through our manual in digestible chunks.
inls501  reading  ipl  training 
september 2011 by jpom
Librarian-perceived barriers to the implementation of the informationist/ information specialist in context role
Since first proposed in a 2000 Annals of Internal Medicine editorial [1], the informationist role has been well described in the health sciences library literature. Informationist now typically refers to an individual with a thorough understanding of both a health care domain and information seeking and appraisal, who employs that combination of expertise as part of a health care or research team. Authors have explored informationists' ability to select relevant evidence [2], lingering ambiguity of the role [3], training plans [4], integration of in-context practice with informatics applications [5], evaluation of a clinical informationist service [6, 7], and development of an informationist-staffed “evidence based answering service” [8]. Other papers about the role have investigated potential implementations [9–13] and education and practice models [14–20].
inls501  reference  librarianship  embedded  informationist 
september 2011 by jpom
A Conceptual Framework and Open Research Questions for Chat-based Reference Service
This article seeks to shift the literature on chat-based reference services beyond the current spate of case studies and discussions of emerging standards and best practices in providing chat-based reference, to a higher level of discussion on the creation and discussion of theoretical frameworks to unite these standards and practices. The article explores the various steps in the process of providing synchronous, chat-based reference, as well as issues involved in providing such service at each step. The purpose of this exploration is twofold: First, this article presents some open research questions at each step in the process of providing chat-based reference service. Second, the entire process of providing chat-based reference is viewed as a whole, and a model of the provision of chat-based reference service is developed at a high level of abstraction.
inls501  reading  chat  reference  research_agenda 
september 2011 by jpom
Is There a Future for the Reference Desk? A Point-Counterpoint Discussion - The Reference Librarian
Issues central to the continuing debate about the future of the reference desk are explored here by two seasoned librarians. A point-counterpoint format allows the two debaters, “fresh” from their Columbia University Reference Symposium 2007 public debate, to continue to engage in argument and discussion. Readers are invited to consider the affirmative and negative sides of the various issues as advocated by the authors.
inls501  reference  desk  future 
september 2011 by jpom
"In Your Face" Reference Service
Reference librarians are aware that their basic role as assistants to information seekers is under threat. Some believe that new technologies such as search engines will provide a more than adequate substitute for reference librarians, while others maintain that the the human reference librarian will always serve as an important filter for quality information. By providing real-time, interactive, personal help, librarians can take their place alongside search engines and play a crucial role in the Internet era.
inls501  reading  reference  future  chat  im 
september 2011 by jpom
No Fixed Address: The Evolution of Outreach Library Services on University Campuses - The Reference Librarian
Remote access to library resources has liberated students and faculty from the brick and mortar library, giving rise to an intense “whither the library” debate. A necessary corollary to this discussion of the future of the library building on campus is the future deployment of the reference librarian cadre. University libraries have been increasingly experimenting with outreach and outpost arrangements that situate librarians in alternate venues, often embedding them among their natural clientele. Librarians have repositioned themselves in student unions, residence halls, and faculty departments to promote information literacy among the diaspora. This review of the literature traces the path that culminated in the outreach model and explores the variations that have evolved at different institutions.
inls501  reference  librarianship  outreach  embedded 
september 2011 by jpom
Pomerantz, J. (2008). Evaluation of Online Reference Services. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 34(2), 15-19.
Evaluation efforts are essential for reference services for several reasons. Perhaps most importantly, evaluation provides the library administration and the reference service with information about the service itself – how well the service is meeting its intended goals, objectives and outcomes; the degree to which the service is meeting user needs; and whether resources being committed to the service are producing the desired results. In addition, evaluation data provide a basis for the reference service to report and communicate to the broader library, user and political communities about the service. If there is no knowledge of the existing strengths and deficiencies of the service, the services cannot be improved, nor can any worthwhile communication about the service take place with interested stakeholders.
inls501  reading  evaluation  reference  digital 
september 2011 by jpom
S. S. Green, Personal Relations between Librarians and Readers
Green, S. S. (1876). Personal Relations between Librarians and Readers. American Library Journal, I (2-3), 74-81.
reference  history  inls501  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Durrance, J.C. (1989). Reference success: Does the 55 percent rule tell the whole story? Library Journal, 114(7), 31-36.
This article examines the influence of the setting of the reference interview on the interaction, and accuracy and several other factors associated with librarian behavior on the success of the reference interview... Accuracy, the use of an effective search strategy and providing a satisfactory response were the qualities that helped the observers decide that they had been working with a librarian. The quality of being nonjudgmental of librarians was ranked the highest by the observers, less than four in ten librarians exhibited either a great deal of friendliness or self-confidence and less than a third made the questioner feel quite comfortable. Nine out of ten observers who gave librarians either a one or a two on the interpersonal variables of friendliness, interest in the question or comfort level said that they would not ask the offending staff member another question.
inls501  reading  reference  evaluation  accuracy  willingness_to_return  interpersonal 
september 2011 by jpom
RUSA Definitions of Reference
Reference Transactions are information consultations in which library staff recommend, interpret, evaluate, and/or use information resources to help others to meet particular information needs. Reference transactions do not include formal instruction or exchanges that provide assistance with locations, schedules, equipment, supplies, or policy statements. Reference Work includes reference transactions and other activities that involve the creation, management, and assessment of information or research resources, tools, and services.
reference  transaction  interaction  encounter  work  inls501  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Hernon, P., & McClure, C.R. (1986). Unobtrusive reference testing: The 55 percent rule. Library Journal, 111(7), 37-41.
Reports on a study done to find the accuracy rate of the library staff in answering questions under unobtrusive testing of government documents reference service. Concept of unobtrusive testing; Process of library selection, Number of test questions asked; Accurate answers' percentile; Frequent reason for an incorrect staff response; Questions that were hardest to answer; Interview and Search process and its duration.
inls501  reading  reference  evaluation  accuracy  unobtrusive 
september 2011 by jpom
A historical and contemporary study on annotations to derive key features for systems design
This paper provides a comprehensive study on annotations by defining their contours and complexity. This work adds a new complementary approach to the usual case and user studies, and also investigates history in order to benefit from previous knowledge and our cultural heritage. This study emphasizes an aspect which has never previously been taken into account: the temporal dimension involved in annotations. Moreover, it discusses both the notion of hypertext between documents and annotations and the idea of annotations as context for documents. The study gives the necessary historical and cultural background to derive a set of key features of annotations that must be taken into account when designing systems that have to support the management of digital annotations on digital contents.
inls501  reading  annotation 
september 2011 by jpom
ACRL Guidelines for Instruction Programs in Academic Libraries
Academic libraries work together with other members of their institutional communities to participate in, support, and achieve the educational mission of their institutions by teaching the core competencies of information literacy—the abilities involved in identifying an information need, accessing needed information, evaluating, managing, and applying information, and understanding the legal, social, and ethical aspects of information use. The systematic delivery of instructional programs and services should be planned in concert with overall strategic library planning, including the library’s budgeting process. Such planning may also involve strategizing with other campus units to deliver collaboratively designed programming.
education  pedagogy  ALA  ACRL  inls501  reading  academic  libraries 
september 2011 by jpom
Users' relevance criteria for evaluating answers in a social Q&A; site
This study examines the criteria questioners use to select the best answers in a social Q&A; site (Yahoo! Answers) within the theoretical framework of relevance research. A social Q&A; site is a novel environment where people voluntarily ask and answer questions. In Yahoo! Answers, the questioner selects the answer that best satisfies his or her question and leaves comments on it. ... The content analysis identified 23 individual relevance criteria in six classes: Content, Cognitive, Utility, Information Sources, Extrinsic, and Socioemotional. A major finding is that the selection criteria used in a social Q&A; site have considerable overlap with many relevance criteria uncovered in previous relevance studies, but that the scope of socio-emotional criteria has been expanded to include the social aspect of this environment. Another significant finding is that the relative importance of individual criteria varies according to topic categories. ...
inls501  reading  socialsoftware  socialQ&A  Yahoo_Answers  evaluation  user 
september 2011 by jpom
Inside the Search Process: Information Seeking from the User's Perspective
Kuhlthau, C. C. (1991). Inside the Search Process: Information Seeking from the User's Perspective. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(5), 361-371. The article discusses the users' perspective of information seeking. A model of the information search process is presented derived from a series of five studies investigating common experiences of users in information seeking situations. The cognitive and affective aspects of the process of information seeking suggest a gap between the users' natural process of information use and the information system and intermediaries' traditional patterns of information provision.
inls501  reading  information_seeking  user  search  filetype:pdf 
september 2011 by jpom
2009 Horizon Report
2009 Horizon Report Cover The annual Horizon Report describes the continuing work of the NMC’s Horizon Project, a research-oriented effort that seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching, learning, and creative expression within higher education.
inls501  reading  future  trends  technology  horizon 
september 2011 by jpom
2008 Horizon Report
2008 Horizon Report Cover The annual Horizon Report describes the continuing work of the NMC’s Horizon Project, a research-oriented effort that seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching, learning, and creative expression within higher education.
inls501  reading  future  trends  technology  horizon 
september 2011 by jpom
ALA Code of Ethics
As members of the American Library Association, we recognize the importance of codifying and making known to the profession and to the general public the ethical principles that guide the work of librarians, other professionals providing information services, library trustees and library staffs. Ethical dilemmas occur when values are in conflict. The American Library Association Code of Ethics states the values to which we are committed, and embodies the ethical responsibilities of the profession in this changing information environment.
inls501  reading  ALA  ethics 
september 2011 by jpom
ALA Library Bill of Rights
The American Library Association affirms that all libraries are forums for information and ideas, and that the following basic policies should guide their services.
inls501  reading  ethics  libraries  ALA  intellectual_freedom 
september 2011 by jpom
Sustainable collaboration for community outreach: lessons from the Spanish Access to Literature/Uso Directo (SALUD) project
At the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), the Library of the Health Sciences (LHS) and College of Nursing (CON) developed an outreach project that directly supports the mission of the university while strengthening relationships between the library, CON, and surrounding community [11]. As part of a core course in the undergraduate nursing curriculum, CON faculty supervise students in clinical rotations at two Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) clinics in nearby neighborhoods, engaging them in the challenges and rewards of community practice. In the fall of 2005, CON and LHS faculty saw an opportunity for outreach. The resulting Spanish Access to Literature/ Uso Directo (SALUD) Public Health Information Pilot Project provided education on evaluating and using online health education materials by leveraging community health nursing students and existing relationships between these organizations.
inls501  reading  libraries  community  outreach 
september 2011 by jpom
Joint Use Libraries as Successful Strategic Alliances
A joint use library provides an example of a strategic alliance between two or more stakeholders. The planning and implementation of such a venture can be a complex undertaking. This article draws on the example of the proposed joint use library and history center in Worcester in the UK, which promises to be the largest such undertaking in the UK. Some of the potential challenges that other joint use university and public libraries have faced are explored. The article argues that lessons can be learned from other sectors where the factors contributing to successful strategic alliances are well researched and documented.
inls501  reading  libraries  academic  public  collaboration 
september 2011 by jpom
Sidewalk librarians collect donations for answers
Equipped with laptops from the faculty of information, reference books, and (most importantly) coffee, the students fielded 63 questions on Saturday. Spong said they answered all queries, including, “Where does the name Saskatchewan come from?” and “Are investments in South African farming indicative of a larger trend?” The team said their aim was to raise $500, but they surpassed their intended goal with a successful turnout. They also said that the assignment provided some on-the-job learning experience.
inls501  reference  public  street_reference 
september 2011 by jpom
Dare Challenges Successful!
Where: outside Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto When: Saturday, October 24, 2009 Mission: Answer reference questions for people on the street, with donations going to the Stephen Lewis Foundation as part of DARE Challenge
inls501  reference  public  street_reference 
september 2011 by jpom
Digital Reference: Digital Reference Services in 2009
2009 will probably be remembered by those of us who follow digital reference services as the year that mobile reference services really took off. Between Twitter and text message reference services, there were tons of blog posts, articles, presentations, discussion threads on mailing lists and social networking sites, in which library staff explored how they could embrace (or were already embracing) mobile technology for reference services. The high point of activity was the first Handheld Librarian Online Conference, which was held in July and, according to the home page of the conference, attracted over 2000 attendees. I was able to listen to only a few presentations on the day of the event, but I found myself taking in many more in the following weeks from the archives of the presentations (a hugely helpful resource!)
inls501  digital_reference  SMS  consortia  QuestionPoint  libraryh3lp  twitter  Google 
september 2011 by jpom
IM'ing overload: Libraryh3lp to the rescue
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the new virtual reference system Libraryh3lp, developed to assist librarians with managing multiple instant messaging (IM) patrons at one time. Design/methodology/approach – A summary of the main features of the Libraryh3lp system, including setup and reports; and a discussion of how to provide staff training. Findings – This paper provides an overview of the Libraryh3lp virtual reference platform including what it does, how it works, and its benefits for reference managers. Originality/value – This paper is useful for information management professionals who are looking for a low-cost, reliable alternative to current IM software systems.
inls501  reading  libraryh3lp  im 
september 2011 by jpom
Go To Hellman: 2020: Fewer Libraries, More Locations
In my "Ten Predictions for the Next Ten Years" article, my first prediction was that the number of public libraries in 2020 would be half of what it is today. I also predicted that the number of public library locations would increase by 50%. I got plenty of feedback on Twitter that these predictions needed some explanation. ... There were two considerations, book digitization and the shift to e-books, that led me to these predictions...
libraries  ebooks  branch  Google_Books  inls501 
september 2011 by jpom
To Chat Or Not to Chat — Taking Another Look at Virtual Reference, Part 1
OPTIONAL READING At this point, we are about 4 years into the virtual reference "phenomenon" — also described as a "movement," an "explosion," and sometimes even a "fad." Thousands of articles have appeared on the subject. Most articles have focused on the day-to-day workings of chat reference — comparing the features of various software packages, dissecting the virtual reference interview, studying how librarians preformed online, evaluating training needs, assessing patron satisfaction, analyzing interesting items found in the transcripts, and examining nearly every nook and cranny of the virtual reference process. The one thing we have not done so far is to step back and take a look at the big picture — to see where we have been, where we might be going, and to what extent we have accomplished the purposes we set for ourselves when we began this brave new way of doing reference not so very long ago.
inls501  reading  chat  digital_reference  reference  virtual_reference 
september 2011 by jpom
Reference Training and the Art of the Reference Interview
# Reference TrainingFor Staff # Reference Interview Resources # Interesting Readings # Ethicsfor Reference Service Providers # To>>> InformationSeeking Behavior page # Back to>>> Online Reference Resources # Back to>>>> StaffTraining Resources page # Back to>>>> Onthe Job Resources/Tools page
reference  inls501  training  resources  instruction  education  information_seeking 
september 2011 by jpom
What do You Mean? Finding Answers to Complex Questions
This paper illustrates ongoing research and issues faced when dealing with real-time questions in the domain of Re- usable Launch Vehicles (aerospace engineering). The ques- tion-answering system described in this paper is used in a collaborative learning environment with real users and live questions. The paper describes an analysis of these more complex questions as well as research to include the user in the question-answering process by implementing a question negotiation module based on the traditional reference inter- view.
inls501  reading  TREC  QA  question  classification  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
ORE Ohio Reference Excellence on the Web, web based training for Reference Service from Ohio Library Council
OLC provides Ohio Reference Excellence on the Web to increase access to ORE training and improve the quality of reference service in Ohio! Six self-paced modules cover the reference process, with resource links, exercises, and quizzes.
reference  inls501  self-paced  training  education  module 
september 2011 by jpom
Toward an expert system for reference service: a research agenda for the 1990s
Reference service exists to maximize access to data contained in library material. Yet reference librarians have not achieved this goal in several areas of reference work. While an expert system has possibilities, formidable research and development obstacles exist. In the form of a tutorial, this paper posits an explicit research agenda: (1) to define the fact base and articulate the heuristics necessary to build the requisite knowledge base, (2) to select the appropriate programming language or shell, (3) to design an effective user interface, and (4) to develop an expert system capable of operating in a real-time, reference environment. This paper also specifically addresses system testing, describes what has been done, evaluates the existing systems, and identifies work in progress. Finally, this paper raises seven critical questions which must be answered along the way.
inls501  reading  reference  expert_system 
september 2011 by jpom
Reference Services Symposium
Reference Services Symposium, Columbia University
reference  inls501  symposium  Columbia  future  conference 
september 2011 by jpom
ALA Freedom to Read Statement
The freedom to read is essential to our democracy. It is continuously under attack. Private groups and public authorities in various parts of the country are working to remove or limit access to reading materials, to censor content in schools, to label "controversial" views, to distribute lists of "objectionable" books or authors, and to purge libraries. These actions apparently rise from a view that our national tradition of free expression is no longer valid; that censorship and suppression are needed to counter threats to safety or national security, as well as to avoid the subversion of politics and the corruption of morals. We, as individuals devoted to reading and as librarians and publishers responsible for disseminating ideas, wish to assert the public interest in the preservation of the freedom to read.
inls501  reading  ALA  freedomtoread  intellectual_freedom 
september 2011 by jpom
Question Negotiation and Information Seeking in Libraries
Taylor, R. S. (1968). Question Negotiation and Information Seeking in Libraries. College & Research Libraries, 29, 178-194.
inls501  reading  information_seeking  question  interaction  filetype:pdf 
september 2011 by jpom
I Want to Find Out How to Freebase Cocaine or Yet Another Unobtrusive Test of Reference Performance
Ethical problems in librarianship, especially in reference work, are a popular topic for research. Robert Hauptman's famous "bomb" experiment presented us with the question of whether wholesale information dissemination is ethical. I chose drug abuse to be the topic of my query in an unobtrusive test similar to Hauptman's. I intended to find out whether reference librarians would help me determine how one goes about freebasing cocaine. Responses, as expected, were varied. No one absolutely refused to help me. Perhaps most of the librarians consulted were content not to now what I was going to do with the information. The results of this study parallel those reported by Hauptman. My conclusion, though, is In support of information dissemination,recognizing the fact that anyone should have the right to read about either explosives or cocaine.
inls501  reading  reference  ethics  unobtrusive  evaluation  cocaine  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
Professionalism or culpability? An experiment in ethics
The scholars of librarianship do not con- cern themselves with ethical problems. At least a survey of the literature indicates only a minimal number of articles or books dealing with the ethics of librarians in relation to li- brary users. Scholars who do take an interest in this area almost all agree that personal beliefs must be subservient to the needs of the patron.
inls501  reading  reference  ethics  unobtrusive  evaluation  bombmaking  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
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