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Advanced Power Searching
Syllabus
Course Overview
How the Course Works
Sample Challenge
Research Process
Solving the Sample Challenge
Challenges
Challenge Introduction
Challenge 1 - Mimicking presidential voices
Challenge 2 - Turtle fossils
Challenge 3 - Which festival?
Challenge 4 - Humongous fungus
Challenge 5 - Block-print books
Challenge 6 - Where in the world?
Assignments
Assignment 1
Certificate
How It Works
inls200  Google  MOOC  search  teaching 
january 2013 by jpom
Power Searching with Google
Schedule
Class 1 - Introduction
Class 2 - Interpreting results
Hangout on Air #1
Class 3 - Advanced techniques
Class 4 - Finding facts faster
Hangout on Air #2
Class 5 - Checking your facts
Hangout on Air #3
Class 6 - Putting it all together
inls200  Google  search  MOOC  teaching 
january 2013 by jpom
20 Things I Learned About Browsers and the Web
“20 Things I Learned About Browsers and the Web” is a short guide for anyone who’s curious about the basics of browsers and the web. Here’s what you’ll find here:

First we’ll look at the Internet, the very backbone that allows the web to exist. We’ll also take a look at how the web is used today, through cloud computing and web apps.

Then, we’ll introduce the building blocks of web pages like HTML and JavaScript, and review how their invention and evolution have changed the websites you visit every day. We’ll also take a look at the modern browser and how it helps users browse the web more safely and securely.

Finally, we’ll look ahead to the exciting innovations in browsers and web technologies that we believe will give us all even faster and more immersive online experiences in the future.
inls200  web  internet  textbook 
december 2012 by jpom
The Library Minute: Academic Search Premier
Take a minute and let Anali tell you about some of the great features of EBSCOhost Academic Search™ Premier.

Dont know what it is?

Academic Search™ Premier is a great place to start your research for almost any subject. Academic Search Premier is a research database like a specialized search engine that provides fast access to the full text of over 8,450 journals when you need results now! You can also directly export your citations into your favorite bibliographic management software.
inls200  reading  video  database 
october 2012 by jpom
Hjørland, B. (2010). The foundation of the concept of relevance. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(2), 217-237.
In 1975 Tefko Saracevic declared “the subject knowledge view” to be the most fundamental perspective of relevance. This paper examines the assumptions in different views of relevance, including “the system's view” and “the user's view” and offers a reinterpretation of these views. The paper finds that what was regarded as the most fundamental view by Saracevic in 1975 has not since been considered (with very few exceptions). Other views, which are based on less fruitful assumptions, have dominated the discourse on relevance in information retrieval and information science. Many authors have reexamined the concept of relevance in information science, but have neglected the subject knowledge view, hence basic theoretical assumptions seem not to have been properly addressed. It is as urgent now as it was in 1975 seriously to consider “the subject knowledge view” of relevance (which may also be termed “the epistemological view”). The concept of relevance, like other basic concepts, is influenced by overall approaches to information science, such as the cognitive view and the domain-analytic view. There is today a trend toward a social paradigm for information science. This paper offers an understanding of relevance from such a social point of view.
inls200  reading  relevance 
october 2012 by jpom
How Search Works
The life span of a Google query is less then 1/2 second, and involves quite a few steps before you see the most relevant results. Here's how it all works.
video  inls200  reading  Google  searchengine 
september 2012 by jpom
Wikipedia:Training/For students
This orientation for students editing Wikipedia as a class assignment consists of four main modules:
Welcome, a short introduction;
The Core, an overview of Wikipedia's core principles;
Editing, a tutorial on the basic mechanics of editing pages and communicating with others; and
Advanced, some selected advanced topics to help you get off to a good start with your first article.
In total, the four modules should take about one hour to complete.
inls200  reading  wikipedia  tutorial 
september 2012 by jpom
Using Google Scholar and other Google resources for education
Learn how to use Google Scholar, your gateway to scholarly articles in peer-reviewed journals, patents, court opinions, etc.
inls200  reading  Google  Google_Scholar 
september 2012 by jpom
Zotero screencast tutorials: Watch the 3 Getting Started videos
In an effort to make Zotero as user friendly as possible we have developed these screencasts demonstrating many of the basic functions of Zotero. Click on any of the images to watch screencasts detailing the features named below. Special thanks to Steve Bailey from CU-Boulder for preparing the introductory demo.
inls200  reading  Zotero  video 
september 2012 by jpom
Jon Udell: Tangled in the Threads: The O'Reilly Open Source Convention
The most remarkable and strange event at the conference was the appearance Ted Nelson and his team, who demonstrated and released Xanadu, the fabled hypertext system that (indirectly) inspired the World Wide Web.
Xanadu  opensource  inls200  hypertext 
august 2012 by jpom
Sorting and searching at the library
The only reason such a thing as a library is possible is that it is a gigantic, life-sized, walk-in data structure, tuned for fast lookup.

This post is about searching and sorting, two fundamental aspects of data processing, and what the library has to teach us about them.
inls200  algorithms  libraries  shelving  books  sort  data 
august 2012 by jpom
Wiki markup quick reference
This one-page quick reference helps you to remember the most frequently used wiki markup commands.
inls200  reading  wikipedia 
august 2012 by jpom
Evaluating Wikipedia article quality
Evaluating Wikipedia article quality is a reference guide with specific steps you can take to get the most out of Wikipedia, as well as a look at how its quality system works.
inls200  reading  wikipedia 
august 2012 by jpom
Wikipedia basics - Talk pages tutorial video
A screencast introducing Wikipedia talk pages and how to use them. Script here, OpenOffice slideshow available upon request.
inls200  reading  wikipedia 
august 2012 by jpom
Welcome to Wikipedia brochure
"Welcome to Wikipedia" gives you a basic introduction into contributing to Wikipedia. You will learn how to create a Wikipedia user account, how to start editing, and how to communicate with other contributors. You will also learn how articles evolve on Wikipedia and how to rate the quality of an existing article. The "Welcome to Wikipedia" brochure contains 17 pages and an additional quick reference that helps you to remember the most frequently used wiki markup commands.
inls200  reading  wikipedia 
august 2012 by jpom
Lesson Plans – Search Education – Google
On this page, you'll find Search Literacy lessons and A Google A Day classroom challenges. Our search literacy lessons help you meet the new Common Core State Standards and are broken down based on level of expertise in search: Beginner, Intermediate, or Advanced.
inls200  Google  teaching  syllabus  pedagogy 
july 2012 by jpom
Wikimedia - Education/The Syllabus - Outreach Wiki
This page includes a full-term sample syllabus (PDF version) that incorporates many of the best practices for running major Wikipedia assignments. You can use it as a starting point for your own Wikipedia assignments, or take bits and pieces to adapt to your course. This page also links to actual course pages and syllabi from a range of past Wikipedia assignments of various types.
wikipedia  syllabus  teaching  pedagogy  inls200 
july 2012 by jpom
Retraction Watch
Although retractions are on average occurring sooner after publication than in the past, citation analysis shows that they are not being recognised by subsequent users of the work. Findings suggest that editors and institutional officials are taking more responsibility for correcting the scientific record but that reasons published in the retraction notice are not always reliable. More aggressive means of notification to the scientific community appear to be necessary.
retraction  science  publishing  research  inls200 
july 2012 by jpom
A mini-course on network and social network literacy - howardrheingold's posterous
I've become convinced that understanding how networks work is an essential 21st century literacy. This is the first in a series of short videos about how the structure and dynamics of networks influences political freedom, economic wealth creation, and participation in the creation of culture. The first video introduces the importance of understanding networks and explains how the underlying technical architecture of the Internet specifically supports the freedom of network users to innovate.
network  literacy  parenting  inls200 
may 2012 by jpom
Search Education – Google
Download lesson plans to develop your students' search literacy and A Google A Day challenges to put their skills to the test.
inls200  Google  lessonplans  information_literacy  search  training 
may 2012 by jpom
PageRank Clarified(?) - Udacity CS101
From what I can tell, PageRank is an algorithm for answering the question: “What’s the probability that someone will view a particular webpage?”
inls200  pagerank  Udacity 
may 2012 by jpom
Is Google Book Search "Fair Use"?
This is a talk (ok, a long talk, ~30 minutes) about whether Google's Book Search project -- called "massive copyright infringement" by the American Association of Publishers, is "fair use"? It is.
inls740  reading  copyright  fair_use  inls200  video 
march 2012 by jpom
Cory Doctorow: It’s Time to Stop Talking About Copyright
There just isn’t such a thing as ‘‘copyright policy’’ anymore. Every modern copyright policy becomes Internet policy – policy that touches on every aspect of how we use the net. And as we make the transition from a world where everything we do includes an online component to a world where everything we do requires an online component, it’s becoming the case that there’s no such thing as ‘‘Internet policy’’ – there’s just policy.
inls089  copyright  internet  policy  inls200  reading 
november 2011 by jpom
Using critical thinking to conduct effective searches of online resources
While the number of online databases and other resources continues to rise, the quality and effectiveness of database searches does not. Over 80% of academic, public and school libraries offer some form of Internet access (American Library Association, 2000); thousands of full-text electronic journals and serials are available online. However, Hertzberg & Rudner (1999) found that most searches are cursory and ineffective, and they provide extensive recommendations regarding the mechanics of searching. A firm grounding in the mechanics of searching is vital, but an effective search is also an exercise in inquiry and critical thinking. We begin searching a topic with certain questions; as we collect information, we form hypotheses about the topic. These hypotheses in turn guide further searching, and are elaborated, discarded or modified as we learn more.

This document complements guidelines addressing the mechanics of online searching by considering how treating searching as exercises in critical thinking can improve our use of online resources. We address the use of metacognition, hypothesis-testing, and argumentation, providing illustrative examples, and links to tools that can facilitate the process.
inls200  search  metacognition  critical_thinking 
october 2011 by jpom
Bates, The Invisible Substrate of Information Science
The explicit, above-the-water-line paradigm of information science is well known and widely discussed. Every disciplinary paradigm, however, contains elements that are less conscious and explicit in the thinking of its practitioners. The purpose of this article is to elucidate key elements of the below-the-water-line portion of the information science paradigm. Particular emphasis is given to information science's role as a meta-science - conducting research and developing theory around the documentary products of other disciplines and activities. The mental activities of the professional practice of the field are seen to center around representation and organization of information rather than knowing information. It is argued that such representation engages fundamentally different talents and skills from those required in other professions and intellectual disciplines. Methodological approaches and values of information science are also considered.
information_science  theory  representation  organization  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Information as Thing
Three meanings of information are distinguished: Information-as-process; information-as-knowledge; and information-as-thing, the attributive use of information to denote things regarded as informative. The nature and characteristics of information-as-thing are discussed, using an indirect approach (What things are informative?). Varieties of information-as-thing include data, text, documents, objects, and events. On this view information includes but extends beyond communication. Whatever information storage and retrieval systems store and retrieve is necessarily information-as-thing. These three meanings of information, along with information processing, offer a basis for classifying disparate information-related activities (e.g., rhetoric, bibliographic retrieval, statistical analysis) and, thereby, suggest a topography for information science.
inls200  reading  information  definition  first_principles 
september 2011 by jpom
What Is Web 2.0
by Tim O'Reilly This article is an attempt to clarify just what we mean by Web 2.0.
inls490121  library2.0  web2.0  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Ontology is Overrated: Categories, Links, and Tags
Today I want to talk about categorization, and I want to convince you that a lot of what we think we know about categorization is wrong. In particular, I want to convince you that many of the ways we're attempting to apply categorization to the electronic world are actually a bad fit, because we've adopted habits of mind that are left over from earlier strategies.
inls490121  inls200  reading  ontology  classification 
september 2011 by jpom
Wikipedia hoax points to limits of journalists' research
A sociology student placed a fake quote on Wikipedia, only to see it show up in prominent newspapers, revealing that a lot of the press doesn't go much further than most 'Net users when it comes to researching a story.
inls200  wikipedia  journalism  hoax 
september 2011 by jpom
How to get students to find and read 94 articles before the next class
From Michael Wesch's Digital Ethnography blog My student-researchers and I tried something a little different to kick off our semester. Instead of the standard syllabus that requires everybody to read a few articles to discuss, we decided instead to organize ourselves into a Smart Mob that would try to read a good hunk of the literature on a single topic in one go. Each student was required to find 5 articles, read them, and summarize them; uploading their summaries (or the author’s own abstract) into a ZohoCreator form. ZohoCreator is a free service that allows you to create database input forms.
inls200  blog  reading  collaboration  pedagogy  education  teaching 
september 2011 by jpom
backchan.nl
backchan.nl is a tool for involving audiences in presentations by letting them suggest questions and vote on each other's questions. backchan.nl is intended for conference or event organizers who want a new way to solicit questions from the audience and make better use of question and answer time.
backchan.nl  backchannel  presentation  CMC  pedagogy  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
The New Student Excuse?
Most of us have had the experience of receiving e-mail with an attachment, trying to open the attachment, and finding a corrupted file that won't open. That concept is at the root of a new Web site advertising itself (perhaps serious only in part) as the new way for students to get extra time to finish their assignments.
pedagogy  inls200  ethics  cheating 
september 2011 by jpom
Tennant, R. (2009). 21st Century Description and Access.
by Roy Tennant I no longer believe in the future of bibliographic control. I no longer believe that the term bibliographic encompasses the universe in which we should be interested, and I no longer think control is either achievable or even desirable. We have entered the age of descriptive enrichment and we'd better get bloody well good at it.
bibliographic  control  classification  description  metadata  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Curating conversations | The Guardian Open Platform | guardian.co.uk
Twitter is becoming an ever present backchannel at conferences and events. However sometimes it needs curating and moderating, especially if it's to be displayed large as a part of the event. Here we talk about an app built in a few hours and open sourced today which we used for this purpose for The Guardian's Activate Summit
backchannel  presentation  inls200  pedagogy  twitter 
september 2011 by jpom
Getting Serious About Research Online
Kubik, S. (20 March 2009). Getting Serious About Research Online. Inside Higher Ed.
inls200  research  credibility  citation  publishing  scholarship  peer_review 
september 2011 by jpom
McSweeney's: Internet-Age Writing Syllabus and Course Overview
ENG 371WR: Writing for Nonreaders in the Postprint Era M-W-F: 11:00 a.m.–12:15 p.m. Instructor: Robert Lanham
humor  mcsweeneys  writing  syllabus  twitter  facebook  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
backchan.nl: Integrating Backchannels in Physical Space
Harry, D., Green, J., & Donath, J. (2009). backchan.nl: Integrating Backchannels in Physical Space. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. In this paper, we describe backchan.nl, a web based backchannel system that focuses on providing greater audience participation during question and answer sessions. The system allows audience members to use a web-based service to propose questions and comments, and to vote on the questions of others. Top rated submissions are projected into the presentation space where audience members, moderators, and panelists can see them. We discuss the results of deploying this system at many different kinds of conferences and relate those results to the particular design of our system, demonstrating how backchannel systems can be more than just shared chat rooms. From our experience with this work, we discuss the broader implications of configurable mediated social spaces and how subtle design decisions can influence user experience.
backchan.nl  backchannel  presentation  CMC  pedagogy  inls200  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
Merck published fake journal
Merck paid an undisclosed sum to Elsevier to produce several volumes of a publication that had the look of a peer-reviewed medical journal, but contained only reprinted or summarized articles--most of which presented data favorable to Merck...
merck  elsevier  ethics  publishing  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
Elsevier tweaks custom pub rules
Publishing company Elsevier is revising its policies and procedures for partnering with pharmaceutical companies to create custom publications in response to recent media attention over a fake journal, called the Australasian Journal of Bone and...
elsevier  ethics  publishing  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
Popular vs. Scholarly Periodicals Tutorial -- Peabody Library, Peabody College of Vanderbilt University
A video presentation on how to distinguish between scholarly and popular journals and magazines.
inls200  publishing  peer_review  video 
september 2011 by jpom
What Has Information Science Contributed to the World?
Hahn, T. B. (2003). What Has Information Science Contributed to the World? Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 29(4). The Council of Scientific Society Presidents recently asked me to respond to a survey question: “What were the most important seminal five to seven discoveries in the field represented by your professional society in the 20th century?” Such a question raises several complex issues, such as what are the most remarkable achievements unique to the field of information science in the past 100 years? Who are the individuals who were responsible for each one? Just what constitutes our field as separate from other fields such as computer science, librarianship, chemistry, engineering, medicine, management, law or education? How do our research methods differ from those of the social sciences, operations research, linguistics and others from which we have obviously borrowed?
inls200  information_science 
september 2011 by jpom
Internet: Diameter of the World-Wide Web
We find that the average of d over all pairs of vertices is =0.35+2.06log(N) (Fig. 1c), indicating that the web forms a small-world network, which characterizes social or biological systems. For N=8*10^8, =18.59; that is, two randomly chosen documents on the web are on average 19 clicks away from each other.
inls200  reading  internet  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
Graph structure in the web
The study of the web as a graph is not only fascinating in its own right, but also yields valuable insight into web algorithms for crawling, searching and community discovery, and the sociological phenomena which characterize its evolution. We report on experiments on local and global properties of the web graph using two Altavista crawls each with over 200 million pages and 1.5 billion links. Our study indicates that the macroscopic structure of the web is considerably more intricate than suggested by earlier experiments on a smaller scale.
inls200  internet  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
How Search Engines Work
The term "search engine" is often used generically to describe both crawler-based search engines and human-powered directories. These two types of search engines gather their listings in radically different ways.
inls200  reading  search  searchengine 
september 2011 by jpom
IBM Research Maps the Web
Scientists from IBM Research and other corporate research labs collaborated to conduct the most intensive research study of the Web. The result is the development of the "Bow Tie" Theory. One of the initial discoveries of this ongoing study shatters the number one myth about the Web ... in truth, the Web is less connected than previously thought.
inls200  internet  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
How Search Engines Rank Web Pages
So, how do crawler-based search engines go about determining relevancy, when confronted with hundreds of millions of web pages to sort through? They follow a set of rules, known as an algorithm. Exactly how a particular search engine's algorithm works is a closely-kept trade secret. However, all major search engines follow the general rules below.
inls200  reading  search  searchengine  rank 
september 2011 by jpom
Gilliland, A. J. (1998). Setting the Stage. In M. Baca (Ed.), Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute.
Metadata, literally "data about data," has become a widely used yet still frequently underspecified term that is understood in different ways by the diverse professional communities that design, create, describe, preserve, and use information systems and resources. It is a construct that has been around for as long as humans have been organizing information, albeit transparently in many cases, and today we create and interact with it in increasingly digital ways. For the past hundred years at least, the creation and management of metadata has primarily been the responsibility of information professionals engaged in cataloging, classification, and indexing; but as information resources are increasingly put online by the general public, metadata considerations are no longer solely the province of information professionals.
inls200  reading  metadata  getty 
september 2011 by jpom
Technology Overview
The life span of a Google query normally lasts less than half a second, yet involves a number of different steps that must be completed before results can be delivered to a person seeking information.
inls200  reading  Google  rank  pagerank 
september 2011 by jpom
A simple, prima facie argument in favor of the Semantic Web
I do a bit with so-called Semantic Web technologies (OK, I've written a couple of articles, have a book proposal in the works, and am about to start a job as a Semantic web researcher ... as I said, "a bit"), but I must confess to never really getting certain aspects of it. I like logic programming, and I'm certainly interested in knowledge representation, and I do a bunch of web stuff so I must be a Semantic Web person. However, some bit never clicked for me, some key shared assumption left me feeling a bit out of the flow of things. I used to characterize this as having more of a logician/philosopher background, but that didn't seem quite right. During the recent Google and SOAP furor, I had a little insight that led to the following prima facie argument for the Semantic Web. I hope it helps other people "get it".
inls200  reading  semanticweb  Google  URI 
september 2011 by jpom
Google search basics: Basic search help
Most of the time you'll find exactly what you were looking for with just a basic query. However the following tips can help you refine your technique to make the most of your searches. Throughout the article, we'll use square brackets [ ] to signal queries, so [ black and white ] is one query, while [ black ] and [ white ] are two.
inls200  reading  Google  search  tutorial 
september 2011 by jpom
Augmented Social Cognition: PART 1: The slowing growth of Wikipedia: some data, models, and explanations
In September of 2008, we blogged about a curious change in Wikipedia that we didn't know how to explain that we had known for a while, and the ASC group has been looking into understanding this change in the last 6-9 months or so. The change that we were curious about was that the growth rates of Wikipedia have slowed. We were not the only ones wondering about this change. The Economist, for example, wrote about it.
wikipedia  inls200  data  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Google search basics: More search help
The Basic search help article covers all the most common issues, but sometimes you need a little bit more power. This document will highlight the more advanced features of Google Web Search. Have in mind though that even very advanced searchers, such as the members of the search group at Google, use these features less than 5% of the time. Basic simple search is often enough. As always, we use square brackets [ ] to denote queries, so [ to be or not to be ] is an example of a query; [ to be ] or [ not to be ] are two examples of queries.
inls200  reading  Google  search  tutorial 
september 2011 by jpom
Augmented Social Cognition: PART 2: More details of changing editor resistance in Wikipedia
In the last week, we have received interesting press coverage in New Scientist (as well as Fast Company, Business Insider, and syndicated elsewhere), on the work done in our team on Wikipedia growth rate, and how it has plateaued, changing from an exponential growth model to one that look more linear. Even though this wasn't necessarily new finding, but it was really a teaser for some other observations we have found in the Wikipedia data that is about to be published in WikiSym2009 conference in October.
wikipedia  inls200  data  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Google Search Features
In addition to providing easy access to billions of web pages, Google has many special features to help you to find exactly what you're looking for. Some of our most popular features are listed below.
inls200  reading  Google  search  tutorial 
september 2011 by jpom
About Google Scholar
Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations. Google Scholar helps you identify the most relevant research across the world of scholarly research.
inls200  reading  Google  Google_Scholar 
september 2011 by jpom
Wikipedia:Five pillars
The fundamental principles by which Wikipedia operates are summarized in the form of five "pillars"
wikipedia  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
The Nike Experiment: How the Shoe Giant Unleashed the Power of Personal Metrics
And not only can we collect that data, we can analyze it as well, looking for patterns, information that might help us change both the quality and the length of our lives. We can live longer and better by applying, on a personal scale, the same quantitative mindset that powers Google and medical research. Call it Living by Numbers—the ability to gather and analyze data about yourself, setting up a feedback loop that we can use to upgrade our lives, from better health to better habits to better performance.
nike  data  analysis  exercise  running  inls200  reading  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
A Short History of the Internet
Some thirty years ago, the RAND Corporation, America's foremost Cold War think-tank, faced a strange strategic problem. How could the US authorities successfully communicate after a nuclear war?
inls200  reading  internet  history 
september 2011 by jpom
ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education
These standards were reviewed by the ACRL Standards Committee and approved by the Board of Directors of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) on January 18, 2000, at the Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association in San Antonio, Texas. These standards were also endorsed by the American Association for Higher Education (October 1999) and the Council of Independent Colleges (February 2004).
information_literacy  education  pedagogy  ALA  ACRL  standards  reading  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
Know Thyself: Tracking Every Facet of Life, from Sleep to Mood to Pain, 24/7/365
Numbers are making their way into the smallest crevices of our lives. We have pedometers in the soles of our shoes and phones that can post our location as we move around town. We can tweet what we eat into a database and subscribe to Web services that track our finances. There are sites and programs for monitoring mood, pain, blood sugar, blood pressure, heart rate, cognitive alacrity, menstruation, and prayers. Even sleep—a challenge to self-track, obviously, since you're unconscious—is yielding to the skill of the widget maker. With an accelerometer and some decent algorithms, you will soon be able to record your sleep patterns with technology that costs less than $100.
data  analysis  exercise  life  inls200  reading  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
The Structure of the Web
The Web's structure has been studied at a global level, considering the network as a whole, and at a local level, studying focused neighborhoods and "community" structures. This analysis has revealed an intricate structure that suggests improved methods for organizing and accessing information and offers the opportunity to chart interests and relationships within society at an unprecedented level of detail.
inls200  reading  internet  hub  authority  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
Internet encyclopaedias go head to head
Giles, J. (2005). Internet encyclopaedias go head to head. Nature, 438(7070), 900-901. The exercise revealed numerous errors in both encyclopaedias, but among 42 entries tested, the difference in accuracy was not particularly great: the average science entry in Wikipedia contained around four inaccuracies; Britannica, about three.
nature  Britannica  wikipedia  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
US Constitution, Article 1
Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
inls200  reading  constitution  copyright  inls740 
september 2011 by jpom
Fatally Flawed: Refuting the recent study on encyclopedic accuracy by the journal Nature
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. (2006). Fatally Flawed: Refuting the recent study on encyclopedic accuracy by the journal Nature.
inls200  reading  Britannica  wikipedia 
september 2011 by jpom
Search Engine Statistics
from Search Engine Showdown Measuring the size of the constantly changing Web search engine databases is a complex task. The following Size Showdowns are based on the hits from actual search results. See also Why size matters. Size statistics last updated Dec. 31, 2002.
inls200  reading  searchengine  statistics  size  freshness 
september 2011 by jpom
The Deep Web: Surfacing Hidden Value
Searching on the Internet today can be compared to dragging a net across the surface of the ocean. While a great deal may be caught in the net, there is still a wealth of information that is deep, and therefore, missed. The reason is simple: Most of the Web's information is buried far down on dynamically generated sites, and standard search engines never find it.
inls200  reading  deep_web  hidden_web  invisible_web 
september 2011 by jpom
Internet Turns 40 Today: First Message Crashed System
Everyone surfing for last-minute Halloween costumes and pictures of black Lolcats today—what you might call the 40th anniversary of the Internet—can give thanks to the simple network message that started it all: "lo."
inls200  internet  history 
september 2011 by jpom
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