jpom + inls200   69

Hjørland, B. (2010). The foundation of the concept of relevance. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(2), 217-237.
In 1975 Tefko Saracevic declared “the subject knowledge view” to be the most fundamental perspective of relevance. This paper examines the assumptions in different views of relevance, including “the system's view” and “the user's view” and offers a reinterpretation of these views. The paper finds that what was regarded as the most fundamental view by Saracevic in 1975 has not since been considered (with very few exceptions). Other views, which are based on less fruitful assumptions, have dominated the discourse on relevance in information retrieval and information science. Many authors have reexamined the concept of relevance in information science, but have neglected the subject knowledge view, hence basic theoretical assumptions seem not to have been properly addressed. It is as urgent now as it was in 1975 seriously to consider “the subject knowledge view” of relevance (which may also be termed “the epistemological view”). The concept of relevance, like other basic concepts, is influenced by overall approaches to information science, such as the cognitive view and the domain-analytic view. There is today a trend toward a social paradigm for information science. This paper offers an understanding of relevance from such a social point of view.
inls200  reading  relevance 
october 2012 by jpom
Jon Udell: Tangled in the Threads: The O'Reilly Open Source Convention
The most remarkable and strange event at the conference was the appearance Ted Nelson and his team, who demonstrated and released Xanadu, the fabled hypertext system that (indirectly) inspired the World Wide Web.
Xanadu  opensource  inls200  hypertext 
august 2012 by jpom
Sorting and searching at the library
The only reason such a thing as a library is possible is that it is a gigantic, life-sized, walk-in data structure, tuned for fast lookup.

This post is about searching and sorting, two fundamental aspects of data processing, and what the library has to teach us about them.
inls200  algorithms  libraries  shelving  books  sort  data 
august 2012 by jpom
Wikimedia - Education/The Syllabus - Outreach Wiki
This page includes a full-term sample syllabus (PDF version) that incorporates many of the best practices for running major Wikipedia assignments. You can use it as a starting point for your own Wikipedia assignments, or take bits and pieces to adapt to your course. This page also links to actual course pages and syllabi from a range of past Wikipedia assignments of various types.
wikipedia  syllabus  teaching  pedagogy  inls200 
july 2012 by jpom
Retraction Watch
Although retractions are on average occurring sooner after publication than in the past, citation analysis shows that they are not being recognised by subsequent users of the work. Findings suggest that editors and institutional officials are taking more responsibility for correcting the scientific record but that reasons published in the retraction notice are not always reliable. More aggressive means of notification to the scientific community appear to be necessary.
retraction  science  publishing  research  inls200 
july 2012 by jpom
A mini-course on network and social network literacy - howardrheingold's posterous
I've become convinced that understanding how networks work is an essential 21st century literacy. This is the first in a series of short videos about how the structure and dynamics of networks influences political freedom, economic wealth creation, and participation in the creation of culture. The first video introduces the importance of understanding networks and explains how the underlying technical architecture of the Internet specifically supports the freedom of network users to innovate.
network  literacy  parenting  inls200 
may 2012 by jpom
PageRank Clarified(?) - Udacity CS101
From what I can tell, PageRank is an algorithm for answering the question: “What’s the probability that someone will view a particular webpage?”
inls200  pagerank  Udacity 
may 2012 by jpom
Is Google Book Search "Fair Use"?
This is a talk (ok, a long talk, ~30 minutes) about whether Google's Book Search project -- called "massive copyright infringement" by the American Association of Publishers, is "fair use"? It is.
inls740  reading  copyright  fair_use  inls200  video 
march 2012 by jpom
Cory Doctorow: It’s Time to Stop Talking About Copyright
There just isn’t such a thing as ‘‘copyright policy’’ anymore. Every modern copyright policy becomes Internet policy – policy that touches on every aspect of how we use the net. And as we make the transition from a world where everything we do includes an online component to a world where everything we do requires an online component, it’s becoming the case that there’s no such thing as ‘‘Internet policy’’ – there’s just policy.
inls089  copyright  internet  policy  inls200  reading 
november 2011 by jpom
Using critical thinking to conduct effective searches of online resources
While the number of online databases and other resources continues to rise, the quality and effectiveness of database searches does not. Over 80% of academic, public and school libraries offer some form of Internet access (American Library Association, 2000); thousands of full-text electronic journals and serials are available online. However, Hertzberg & Rudner (1999) found that most searches are cursory and ineffective, and they provide extensive recommendations regarding the mechanics of searching. A firm grounding in the mechanics of searching is vital, but an effective search is also an exercise in inquiry and critical thinking. We begin searching a topic with certain questions; as we collect information, we form hypotheses about the topic. These hypotheses in turn guide further searching, and are elaborated, discarded or modified as we learn more.

This document complements guidelines addressing the mechanics of online searching by considering how treating searching as exercises in critical thinking can improve our use of online resources. We address the use of metacognition, hypothesis-testing, and argumentation, providing illustrative examples, and links to tools that can facilitate the process.
inls200  search  metacognition  critical_thinking 
october 2011 by jpom
Bates, The Invisible Substrate of Information Science
The explicit, above-the-water-line paradigm of information science is well known and widely discussed. Every disciplinary paradigm, however, contains elements that are less conscious and explicit in the thinking of its practitioners. The purpose of this article is to elucidate key elements of the below-the-water-line portion of the information science paradigm. Particular emphasis is given to information science's role as a meta-science - conducting research and developing theory around the documentary products of other disciplines and activities. The mental activities of the professional practice of the field are seen to center around representation and organization of information rather than knowing information. It is argued that such representation engages fundamentally different talents and skills from those required in other professions and intellectual disciplines. Methodological approaches and values of information science are also considered.
information_science  theory  representation  organization  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Information as Thing
Three meanings of information are distinguished: Information-as-process; information-as-knowledge; and information-as-thing, the attributive use of information to denote things regarded as informative. The nature and characteristics of information-as-thing are discussed, using an indirect approach (What things are informative?). Varieties of information-as-thing include data, text, documents, objects, and events. On this view information includes but extends beyond communication. Whatever information storage and retrieval systems store and retrieve is necessarily information-as-thing. These three meanings of information, along with information processing, offer a basis for classifying disparate information-related activities (e.g., rhetoric, bibliographic retrieval, statistical analysis) and, thereby, suggest a topography for information science.
inls200  reading  information  definition  first_principles 
september 2011 by jpom
What Is Web 2.0
by Tim O'Reilly This article is an attempt to clarify just what we mean by Web 2.0.
inls490121  library2.0  web2.0  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Ontology is Overrated: Categories, Links, and Tags
Today I want to talk about categorization, and I want to convince you that a lot of what we think we know about categorization is wrong. In particular, I want to convince you that many of the ways we're attempting to apply categorization to the electronic world are actually a bad fit, because we've adopted habits of mind that are left over from earlier strategies.
inls490121  inls200  reading  ontology  classification 
september 2011 by jpom
Getting Serious About Research Online
Kubik, S. (20 March 2009). Getting Serious About Research Online. Inside Higher Ed.
inls200  research  credibility  citation  publishing  scholarship  peer_review 
september 2011 by jpom
McSweeney's: Internet-Age Writing Syllabus and Course Overview
ENG 371WR: Writing for Nonreaders in the Postprint Era M-W-F: 11:00 a.m.–12:15 p.m. Instructor: Robert Lanham
humor  mcsweeneys  writing  syllabus  twitter  facebook  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
backchan.nl: Integrating Backchannels in Physical Space
Harry, D., Green, J., & Donath, J. (2009). backchan.nl: Integrating Backchannels in Physical Space. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. In this paper, we describe backchan.nl, a web based backchannel system that focuses on providing greater audience participation during question and answer sessions. The system allows audience members to use a web-based service to propose questions and comments, and to vote on the questions of others. Top rated submissions are projected into the presentation space where audience members, moderators, and panelists can see them. We discuss the results of deploying this system at many different kinds of conferences and relate those results to the particular design of our system, demonstrating how backchannel systems can be more than just shared chat rooms. From our experience with this work, we discuss the broader implications of configurable mediated social spaces and how subtle design decisions can influence user experience.
backchan.nl  backchannel  presentation  CMC  pedagogy  inls200  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
Merck published fake journal
Merck paid an undisclosed sum to Elsevier to produce several volumes of a publication that had the look of a peer-reviewed medical journal, but contained only reprinted or summarized articles--most of which presented data favorable to Merck...
merck  elsevier  ethics  publishing  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
Elsevier tweaks custom pub rules
Publishing company Elsevier is revising its policies and procedures for partnering with pharmaceutical companies to create custom publications in response to recent media attention over a fake journal, called the Australasian Journal of Bone and...
elsevier  ethics  publishing  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
Popular vs. Scholarly Periodicals Tutorial -- Peabody Library, Peabody College of Vanderbilt University
A video presentation on how to distinguish between scholarly and popular journals and magazines.
inls200  publishing  peer_review  video 
september 2011 by jpom
What Has Information Science Contributed to the World?
Hahn, T. B. (2003). What Has Information Science Contributed to the World? Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 29(4). The Council of Scientific Society Presidents recently asked me to respond to a survey question: “What were the most important seminal five to seven discoveries in the field represented by your professional society in the 20th century?” Such a question raises several complex issues, such as what are the most remarkable achievements unique to the field of information science in the past 100 years? Who are the individuals who were responsible for each one? Just what constitutes our field as separate from other fields such as computer science, librarianship, chemistry, engineering, medicine, management, law or education? How do our research methods differ from those of the social sciences, operations research, linguistics and others from which we have obviously borrowed?
inls200  information_science 
september 2011 by jpom
Wikipedia hoax points to limits of journalists' research
A sociology student placed a fake quote on Wikipedia, only to see it show up in prominent newspapers, revealing that a lot of the press doesn't go much further than most 'Net users when it comes to researching a story.
inls200  wikipedia  journalism  hoax 
september 2011 by jpom
How to get students to find and read 94 articles before the next class
From Michael Wesch's Digital Ethnography blog My student-researchers and I tried something a little different to kick off our semester. Instead of the standard syllabus that requires everybody to read a few articles to discuss, we decided instead to organize ourselves into a Smart Mob that would try to read a good hunk of the literature on a single topic in one go. Each student was required to find 5 articles, read them, and summarize them; uploading their summaries (or the author’s own abstract) into a ZohoCreator form. ZohoCreator is a free service that allows you to create database input forms.
inls200  blog  reading  collaboration  pedagogy  education  teaching 
september 2011 by jpom
backchan.nl
backchan.nl is a tool for involving audiences in presentations by letting them suggest questions and vote on each other's questions. backchan.nl is intended for conference or event organizers who want a new way to solicit questions from the audience and make better use of question and answer time.
backchan.nl  backchannel  presentation  CMC  pedagogy  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
The New Student Excuse?
Most of us have had the experience of receiving e-mail with an attachment, trying to open the attachment, and finding a corrupted file that won't open. That concept is at the root of a new Web site advertising itself (perhaps serious only in part) as the new way for students to get extra time to finish their assignments.
pedagogy  inls200  ethics  cheating 
september 2011 by jpom
Tennant, R. (2009). 21st Century Description and Access.
by Roy Tennant I no longer believe in the future of bibliographic control. I no longer believe that the term bibliographic encompasses the universe in which we should be interested, and I no longer think control is either achievable or even desirable. We have entered the age of descriptive enrichment and we'd better get bloody well good at it.
bibliographic  control  classification  description  metadata  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Curating conversations | The Guardian Open Platform | guardian.co.uk
Twitter is becoming an ever present backchannel at conferences and events. However sometimes it needs curating and moderating, especially if it's to be displayed large as a part of the event. Here we talk about an app built in a few hours and open sourced today which we used for this purpose for The Guardian's Activate Summit
backchannel  presentation  inls200  pedagogy  twitter 
september 2011 by jpom
Augmented Social Cognition: PART 1: The slowing growth of Wikipedia: some data, models, and explanations
In September of 2008, we blogged about a curious change in Wikipedia that we didn't know how to explain that we had known for a while, and the ASC group has been looking into understanding this change in the last 6-9 months or so. The change that we were curious about was that the growth rates of Wikipedia have slowed. We were not the only ones wondering about this change. The Economist, for example, wrote about it.
wikipedia  inls200  data  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Augmented Social Cognition: PART 2: More details of changing editor resistance in Wikipedia
In the last week, we have received interesting press coverage in New Scientist (as well as Fast Company, Business Insider, and syndicated elsewhere), on the work done in our team on Wikipedia growth rate, and how it has plateaued, changing from an exponential growth model to one that look more linear. Even though this wasn't necessarily new finding, but it was really a teaser for some other observations we have found in the Wikipedia data that is about to be published in WikiSym2009 conference in October.
wikipedia  inls200  data  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
The Nike Experiment: How the Shoe Giant Unleashed the Power of Personal Metrics
And not only can we collect that data, we can analyze it as well, looking for patterns, information that might help us change both the quality and the length of our lives. We can live longer and better by applying, on a personal scale, the same quantitative mindset that powers Google and medical research. Call it Living by Numbers—the ability to gather and analyze data about yourself, setting up a feedback loop that we can use to upgrade our lives, from better health to better habits to better performance.
nike  data  analysis  exercise  running  inls200  reading  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Know Thyself: Tracking Every Facet of Life, from Sleep to Mood to Pain, 24/7/365
Numbers are making their way into the smallest crevices of our lives. We have pedometers in the soles of our shoes and phones that can post our location as we move around town. We can tweet what we eat into a database and subscribe to Web services that track our finances. There are sites and programs for monitoring mood, pain, blood sugar, blood pressure, heart rate, cognitive alacrity, menstruation, and prayers. Even sleep—a challenge to self-track, obviously, since you're unconscious—is yielding to the skill of the widget maker. With an accelerometer and some decent algorithms, you will soon be able to record your sleep patterns with technology that costs less than $100.
data  analysis  exercise  life  inls200  reading  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Internet encyclopaedias go head to head
Giles, J. (2005). Internet encyclopaedias go head to head. Nature, 438(7070), 900-901. The exercise revealed numerous errors in both encyclopaedias, but among 42 entries tested, the difference in accuracy was not particularly great: the average science entry in Wikipedia contained around four inaccuracies; Britannica, about three.
nature  Britannica  wikipedia  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Fatally Flawed: Refuting the recent study on encyclopedic accuracy by the journal Nature
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. (2006). Fatally Flawed: Refuting the recent study on encyclopedic accuracy by the journal Nature.
inls200  reading  Britannica  wikipedia 
september 2011 by jpom
A Short History of the Internet
Some thirty years ago, the RAND Corporation, America's foremost Cold War think-tank, faced a strange strategic problem. How could the US authorities successfully communicate after a nuclear war?
inls200  reading  internet  history 
september 2011 by jpom
The Structure of the Web
The Web's structure has been studied at a global level, considering the network as a whole, and at a local level, studying focused neighborhoods and "community" structures. This analysis has revealed an intricate structure that suggests improved methods for organizing and accessing information and offers the opportunity to chart interests and relationships within society at an unprecedented level of detail.
inls200  reading  internet  hub  authority  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
Internet: Diameter of the World-Wide Web
We find that the average of d over all pairs of vertices is =0.35+2.06log(N) (Fig. 1c), indicating that the web forms a small-world network, which characterizes social or biological systems. For N=8*10^8, =18.59; that is, two randomly chosen documents on the web are on average 19 clicks away from each other.
inls200  reading  internet  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
Graph structure in the web
The study of the web as a graph is not only fascinating in its own right, but also yields valuable insight into web algorithms for crawling, searching and community discovery, and the sociological phenomena which characterize its evolution. We report on experiments on local and global properties of the web graph using two Altavista crawls each with over 200 million pages and 1.5 billion links. Our study indicates that the macroscopic structure of the web is considerably more intricate than suggested by earlier experiments on a smaller scale.
inls200  internet  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
IBM Research Maps the Web
Scientists from IBM Research and other corporate research labs collaborated to conduct the most intensive research study of the Web. The result is the development of the "Bow Tie" Theory. One of the initial discoveries of this ongoing study shatters the number one myth about the Web ... in truth, the Web is less connected than previously thought.
inls200  internet  network  topology 
september 2011 by jpom
Gilliland, A. J. (1998). Setting the Stage. In M. Baca (Ed.), Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute.
Metadata, literally "data about data," has become a widely used yet still frequently underspecified term that is understood in different ways by the diverse professional communities that design, create, describe, preserve, and use information systems and resources. It is a construct that has been around for as long as humans have been organizing information, albeit transparently in many cases, and today we create and interact with it in increasingly digital ways. For the past hundred years at least, the creation and management of metadata has primarily been the responsibility of information professionals engaged in cataloging, classification, and indexing; but as information resources are increasingly put online by the general public, metadata considerations are no longer solely the province of information professionals.
inls200  reading  metadata  getty 
september 2011 by jpom
A simple, prima facie argument in favor of the Semantic Web
I do a bit with so-called Semantic Web technologies (OK, I've written a couple of articles, have a book proposal in the works, and am about to start a job as a Semantic web researcher ... as I said, "a bit"), but I must confess to never really getting certain aspects of it. I like logic programming, and I'm certainly interested in knowledge representation, and I do a bunch of web stuff so I must be a Semantic Web person. However, some bit never clicked for me, some key shared assumption left me feeling a bit out of the flow of things. I used to characterize this as having more of a logician/philosopher background, but that didn't seem quite right. During the recent Google and SOAP furor, I had a little insight that led to the following prima facie argument for the Semantic Web. I hope it helps other people "get it".
inls200  reading  semanticweb  Google  URI 
september 2011 by jpom
Search Engine Statistics
from Search Engine Showdown Measuring the size of the constantly changing Web search engine databases is a complex task. The following Size Showdowns are based on the hits from actual search results. See also Why size matters. Size statistics last updated Dec. 31, 2002.
inls200  reading  searchengine  statistics  size  freshness 
september 2011 by jpom
The Deep Web: Surfacing Hidden Value
Searching on the Internet today can be compared to dragging a net across the surface of the ocean. While a great deal may be caught in the net, there is still a wealth of information that is deep, and therefore, missed. The reason is simple: Most of the Web's information is buried far down on dynamically generated sites, and standard search engines never find it.
inls200  reading  deep_web  hidden_web  invisible_web 
september 2011 by jpom
Internet Turns 40 Today: First Message Crashed System
Everyone surfing for last-minute Halloween costumes and pictures of black Lolcats today—what you might call the 40th anniversary of the Internet—can give thanks to the simple network message that started it all: "lo."
inls200  internet  history 
september 2011 by jpom
A Mathematical Theory of Communication
The recent development of various methods of modulation such as PCM and PPM which exchange bandwidth for signal-to-noise ratio has intensified the interest in a general theory of communication. A basis for such a theory is contained in the important papers of Nyquist1 and Hartley2 on this subject. In the present paper we will extend the theory to include a number of new factors, in particular the effect of noise in the channel, and the savings possible due to the statistical structure of the original message and due to the nature of the final destination of the information.
inls200  reading  information_theory  signal  noise  entropy  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
Why Youth (Heart) Social Network Sites: The Role of Networked Publics in Teenage Social Life
The rapid adoption of social network sites by teenagers in the United States and in many other countries around the world raises some important questions. Why do teenagers flock to these sites? What are they expressing on them? How do these sites fit into their lives? What are they learning from their participation? Are these online activities like face-to-face friendships – or are they different, or complementary? The goal of this chapter is to address these questions, and explore their implications for youth identities. While particular systems may come and go, how youth engage through social network sites today provides long-lasting insights into identity formation, status negotiation, and peer-to-peer sociality.
inls200  reading  socialnetworking  socialsoftware  myspace  facebook  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations
James Surowiecki explores a deceptively simple idea that has profound implications: large groups of people are smarter than an elite few, no matter how brilliant—better at solving problems, fostering innovation, coming to wise decisions, even predicting the future. This seemingly counterintuitive notion has endless and major ramifications for how businesses operate, how knowledge is advanced, how economies are (or should be) organized and how we live our daily lives.
crowdsourcing  collaboration  inls200  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
Harnessing Crowds: Mapping the Genome of Collective Intelligence
Google. Wikipedia. Threadless. All are well-known examples of large, loosely organized groups of people working together electronically in surprisingly effective ways. These new modes of organizing work have been described with a variety of terms—radical decentralization, crowd-sourcing, wisdom of crowds, peer production, and wikinomics.1 The phrase we find most useful is collective intelligence, defined very broadly as groups of individuals doing things collectively that seem intelligent.
crowdsourcing  collaboration  collective_intelligence  inls200  reading  filetype:pdf  media:document 
september 2011 by jpom
How and why do college students use Wikipedia?
The purposes of this study were to explore college students' perceptions, uses of, and motivations for using Wikipedia, and to understand their information behavior concerning Wikipedia based on social cognitive theory (SCT). Approximately one-third of the students reported using Wikipedia for academic purposes. The students tended to use Wikipedia for quickly checking facts and finding background information. They had positive past experiences with Wikipedia; however, interestingly, their perceptions of its information quality were not correspondingly high. Respondents' past experience with Wikipedia, their positive emotional state, their disposition to believe information in Wikipedia, and information utility were positively related to their outcome expectations of Wikipedia. However, among the factors affecting outcome expectations, only information utility and respondents' positive emotions toward Wikipedia were related to their use of it.
inls200  reading  wikipedia  students  usage 
september 2011 by jpom
YouTube - Determining Site Credibility - Howard Rheingold on Crap Detection (Part 3)
In the third part of his critical thinking series, Howard covers how teachers can turn students into "online detectives" by teaching critical research skills to determine site ownership and bias. Also, he describes some of his own collaborative teaching techniques.
inls200  reading  crap_detection  evaluation  literacy  skills  web  accuracy  internet  credibility  search 
september 2011 by jpom
Crap Detection 101 : Howard Rheingold : City Brights
The answer to almost any question is available within seconds, courtesy of the invention that has altered how we discover knowledge - the search engine. Materializing answers from the air turns out to be the easy part - the part a machine can do. The real difficulty kicks in when you click down into your search results. At that point, it's up to you to sort the accurate bits from the misinfo, disinfo, spam, scams, urban legends, and hoaxes. "Crap detection," as Hemingway called it half a century ago, is more important than ever before, now that the automation of crapcasting has generated its own word: "spamming."
inls200  reading  crap_detection  evaluation  literacy  skills  web  accuracy  internet  credibility  search 
september 2011 by jpom
COPYRIGHT CRIMINALS | Documentary Film | Independent Lens | PBS
COPYRIGHT CRIMINALS examines the creative and commercial value of musical sampling, including the related debates over artistic expression, copyright law and money. The film showcases many of hip-hop music’s founding figures like Public Enemy, De La Soul and Digital Underground, as well as emerging artists such as audiovisual remixers Eclectic Method. It also provides first-person interviews with artists who have been sampled, such as Clyde Stubblefield — James Brown's drummer and the world's most sampled musician — and commentary by another highly sampled musician, funk legend George Clinton. Computers, mobile phones and other interactive technologies are changing our relationships with media, blurring the line between producer and consumer and radically changing what it means to be creative. As artists find more inventive ways to insert old influences into new material, COPYRIGHT CRIMINALS poses the question: Can you own a sound?
copyright  documentary  PBS  inls200 
september 2011 by jpom
A Fair(y) Use Tale | Stanford Center for Internet and Society
Professor Eric Faden of Bucknell University created this humorous, yet informative, review of copyright principles delivered through the words of the very folks we can thank for nearly endless copyright terms.
inls200  copyright  fair_use  inls740  reading 
september 2011 by jpom
It is About Time: Getting Our Values Around Copyright - Lawrence Lessig - blip.tv
EDUCAUSE09 keynote, November 5, 2009, Denver, a remix building upon lecture at Tokyo University.
inls200  copyright  educause  inls740 
september 2011 by jpom
The Data-Driven Life
And yet, almost imperceptibly, numbers are infiltrating the last redoubts of the personal. Sleep, exercise, sex, food, mood, location, alertness, productivity, even spiritual well-being are being tracked and measured, shared and displayed. On MedHelp, one of the largest Internet forums for health information, more than 30,000 new personal tracking projects are started by users every month. Foursquare, a geo-tracking application with about one million users, keeps a running tally of how many times players “check in” at every locale, automatically building a detailed diary of movements and habits; many users publish these data widely. Nintendo’s Wii Fit, a device that allows players to stand on a platform, play physical games, measure their body weight and compare their stats, has sold more than 28 million units.
inls200  data  analysis  life  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Eli Pariser: Beware online "filter bubbles" | Video on TED.com
As web companies strive to tailor their services (including news and search results) to our personal tastes, there's a dangerous unintended consequence: We get trapped in a "filter bubble" and don't get exposed to information that could challenge or broaden our worldview. Eli Pariser argues powerfully that this will ultimately prove to be bad for us and bad for democracy.
inls200  inls089  personalization  customization  Google  filter  video  TED  gatekeeping  algorithms  internet 
september 2011 by jpom
Incompetent Research Skills Curb Users' Problem Solving (Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox)
Although some analysts previously questioned the finding of search dominance, it's a user behavior that gets stronger every year. Today, many users are so reliant on search that it's undermining their problem-solving abilities. Ironically, the better search gets, the more dangerous it gets as people increasingly assume that whatever the search engine coughs up must be the answer.
inls200  reading  search  search_strategy 
september 2011 by jpom
Identifying and understanding the problems of Wikipedia’s peer governance: The case of inclusionists versus deletionists
Wikipedia has been hailed as one of the most prominent peer projects that led to the rise of the concept of peer governance. However, criticism has been levelled against Wikipedia’s mode of governance. This paper, using the Wikipedia case as a point of departure and building upon the conflict between inclusionists and deletionists, tries to identify and draw some conclusions on the problematic issue of peer governance.
peer_review  inls200  wikipedia  governance 
september 2011 by jpom
What is data science? - O'Reilly Radar
We've all heard it: according to Hal Varian, statistics is the next sexy job. Five years ago, in What is Web 2.0, Tim O'Reilly said that "data is the next Intel Inside." But what does that statement mean? Why do we suddenly care about statistics and about data? In this post, I examine the many sides of data science -- the technologies, the companies and the unique skill sets.
science  data  statistics  entrepreneurship  computational_thinking  mashup  inls200  inls089 
september 2011 by jpom
Saracevic, T. (2006). Relevance: A Review of the Literature and a Framework for Thinking on the Notion in Information Science, Part II. In: Anne Woodsworth (ed.), Advances in Librarianship, Volume 30, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 3-71.
Building on the examination of relevance in the preceding (1976) re- view, this (2006) work updates the travails of relevance in information sci- ence for the past 30 years or so. Relevance still remains a basic notion in information science, and particularly in information retrieval (IR). The aim of this work is still substantially the same: it is an attempt to trace the evolution of thinking on relevance in information science for the past three decades and to provide an updated, contemporary framework within which the still widely dissonant ideas on relevance might be interpreted and related to one another.
inls200  reading  relevance  litreview  filetype:pdf 
september 2011 by jpom
Information Literacy as a Liberal Art
What does a person need to know today to be a full-fledged, competent and literate member of the information society? As we witness not only the saturation of our daily lives with information organized and transmitted via information technology, but the way in which public issues and social life increasingly are affected by information-technology issues - from intellectual property to privacy and the structure of work to entertainment, art and fantasy life - the issue of what it means to be information-literate becomes more acute for our whole society. Should everyone take a course in creating a Web page, computer programming, TCP/IP protocols or multimedia authoring? Or are we looking at a broader and deeper challenge - to rethink our entire educational curriculum in terms of information?
inls200  reading  information_literacy  curriculum 
september 2011 by jpom
YouTube - Howard Rheingold on Crap Detection (Part 1)
In this first video of his critical thinking series, Howard introduces 5 key Internet literacies: attention, participation, cooperation, crap detection, and network awareness and discusses how mastering critical thinking skills can keep children safer online.
inls200  reading  crap_detection  evaluation  literacy  skills  web  accuracy  internet  credibility  search 
september 2011 by jpom
YouTube - Creating a Critical Society - Howard Rheingold on Crap Detection (Part 2)
In this second part of his critical thinking series, Howard discusses how new online tools, personal trust networks and search skills can create a society prepared to distinguish between good and bad information.
inls200  reading  crap_detection  evaluation  literacy  skills  web  accuracy  internet  credibility  search 
september 2011 by jpom

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