jonippolito + digitalcuration   25

Mapping the Atlantic Charter · Norumbega [Colin Windhorst via Neatline]
[DIG student project based on historic meeting between Churchill and FDR in 1941, a precedent for the United Nations]
alumni  digitalcuration  maine  map  history  +++++ 
2 days ago by jonippolito
GenMyModel
[Recommended by DIG students for creating database schemas]
digitalcuration  visual  design  Software  utility  ++++- 
11 days ago by jonippolito
Streaming-Only Shows Come With One Huge Problem for Consumers and Historians
In their book Re-collection, co-authors Jon Ippolito and Richard Rinehart quote an industry lawyer who, in a letter to the U.S. Copyright Office, asserted that the industry rejects “the view that copyright owners and their licensees are required to provide consumers with perpetual access to creative works.” Of course we all understand that our Netflix subscriptions don’t entitle us to watch 30 Rock or Beavis and Butt-Head in perpetuity. (Both shows are gracing Hulu at the moment.) But the problem runs deeper than the practical implications of individuals having to pay for multiple subscriptions in order to maintain access to their favorite shows. The problem is systemic. Providing “perpetual access” really requires a system that is decentralized with plenty of redundancy built in, and that’s just what streaming video platforms are unable to offer. When talking about the preservation of information, librarians use the expression “LOCKSS” or “lots of copies keep stuff safe.” If every library—or every Walmart—in the country has a copy of a certain DVD, it’s unlikely that all those copies will be destroyed or lost simultaneously. But online streaming platforms are highly centralized by their very nature, and it’s doubtful that they really have the resources to maintain “lots” of carefully maintained copies of their exclusive content....

Experts have proposed strategies for saving all sorts of corporate-owned digital content, including TV. Rumsey suggests that lawmakers create more legal and financial incentives to encourage the entertainment industry to deposit digital assets in libraries and archives. Ippolito, who is director of the digital curation graduate program at the University of Maine, believes that concept of long-term storage of digital media is unworkable. Rather than impose analog methods on digital media, he recommends developing strategies that best suit the digital world. For example, emulation is a preservation strategy that allows a new computer to imitate an older computer so that it will be compatible with older software. But because emulation would encourage consumers to reuse old things (say, games or videos) rather than buy new ones, the entertainment industry objects to it, citing copyright infringement.

In spite of these differences of opinion in the world of archives and digital curation, all these ideas have one common denominator: Creating tax incentives, mandating archival deposit, and reforming copyright all require action from Congress. Given the history of gridlock in Washington, we may have no choice but to continue to accept the inevitability of digital impermanence.

Rachel Paige King is a freelance writer and media librarian at Long Island University. Her articles have appeared in Salon, Tablet, and Atlas Obscura.
law  preservation  digitalcuration  media  movie  television  defect  network  press  @i  +++++ 
14 days ago by jonippolito
Museum Wars!
Bednarz O'Connell
@bednarz
·
Sep 13
Who would win in a staff battle between @sciencemuseum and @NHM_London, what exhibits/items would help you be victorious? #askacurator
digitalcuration  socialmedia  success  museum  +++++  marketing 
22 days ago by jonippolito
Melting permafrost is causing water to leak into the Arctic 'doomsday' vault - ScienceAlert
Opened in 2008, the facility on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen currently protects over 1 million seed packets containing around 4000 of the world's most important crop species from any possible threats to our managed ecosystems, from asteroid strike to war.

Technically, the vault is a back-up of back-ups held all around the world, with the fact it's buried 1300 kilometres (over 800 miles) beyond the Arctic circle providing not just a remote stronghold, but a cold, dry environment that would continue to keep them safe if the power ever fizzled out.

Without electricity the vault is still expected to stay at around -5 degrees Celsius (23 degrees Fahrenheit) for the next two centuries, though with generators running it's kept at a numbing -18 degrees Celsius (-0.4 Fahrenheit).

Of course, staying cold and bone dry depends on the climate, which as we all know isn't trending in a chilly direction.

In fact, 2016 was the hottest year on the books since global temperatures were first noted down in 1880, a record broken just twelve months after the previous one had been set in 2015. Things weren't helped by an El Niño event, resulting in high temperatures that have melted permafrost in the Arctic circle and turned Spitsbergen's usual later winter dusting of snow into heavy rain.

"It was not in our plans to think that the permafrost would not be there and that it would experience extreme weather like that," Hege Njaa Aschim from the Norwegian government told Damian Carrington from The Guardian.

Rest assured the vault doesn't have a new underground swimming pool – it's buried about 122 metres (400 feet) into the side of a mountain with thick, solid concrete walls and a long entrance corridor sloping down, away from the facility's interior.

Yet water has breached that entrance, where it refroze and needed to be hacked out.

"A lot of water went into the start of the tunnel and then it froze to ice, so it was like a glacier when you went in," Aschim described.

Let Derek Muller from Veritasium give you a quick tour of the place to get a better idea of how it's structured.

What is concerning isn't so much the breach itself; even if it poured in, it would have to flow a fair way downhill, then up again, and fail to be removed by the pumping systems. Chances are it would freeze anyway, and form a barrier preventing more water from flooding inside.

But the fact the vault should operate neatly without human intervention means any threats need to be taken seriously. And a water-tight entrance simply wasn't in the plans.
storage  digitalcuration  preservation  life  defect  climatechange  +++++ 
23 days ago by jonippolito
Hewlett-Packard Historical Archive Destroyed In California Fires - Slashdot
An anonymous reader quotes the Press Democrat:
When deadly flames incinerated hundreds of homes in Santa Rosa's Fountaingrove neighborhood earlier this month, they also destroyed irreplaceable papers and correspondence held nearby and once belonging to the founders of Silicon Valley's first technology company, Hewlett-Packard. The Tubbs fire consumed the collected archives of William Hewlett and David Packard, the tech pioneers who in 1938 formed an electronics company in a Palo Alto garage with $538 in cash. More than 100 boxes of the two men's writings, correspondence, speeches and other items were contained in one of two modular buildings that burned to the ground at the Fountaingrove headquarters of Keysight Technologies. Keysight, the world's largest electronics measurement company, traces its roots to HP and acquired the archives in 2014 when its business was split from Agilent Technologies -- itself an HP spinoff.

The Hewlett and Packard collections had been appraised in 2005 at nearly $2 million and were part of a wider company archive valued at $3.3 million. However, those acquainted with the archives and the pioneering company's impact on the technology world said the losses can't be represented by a dollar figure... Karen Lewis, the former HP staff archivist who first assembled the collections, called it irresponsible to put them in a building without proper protection. Both Hewlett-Packard and Agilent earlier had housed the archives within special vaults inside permanent facilities, complete with foam fire retardant and other safeguards, she said. "This could easily have been prevented, and it's a huge loss," Lewis said.

Lewis has described the collection as "the history of Silicon Valley ... This is the history of the electronics industry." Keysight Technologies spokesman Jeff Weber said the company "is saddened by the loss of documents that remind us of our visionary founders, rich history and lineage to the original Silicon Valley startup."

23 Californians were killed in the fires, which also destroyed 6,800 homes, and Weber says Keysight had taken "appropriate and responsible" steps to protect the archive, but "the most destructive firestorm in state history prevented efforts to protect portions of the collection."
storage  defect  climatechange  ++++-  digitalcuration 
23 days ago by jonippolito
How to Save Messages on Your iPhone
[Library > Application Support > MobileSync > Backup.]
Apple  data  storage  digitalcuration  ++--- 
9 weeks ago by jonippolito
CollectionSpace | collections management software for museums and more
We are a dynamic community of professionals working in the arts, humanities, social, and natural sciences. We collaborate to design, develop, and share a platform for collections information management that: supports traditional collections management activities; enables the integration of emergent and dynamic new technologies into the information ecologies of museums; and is an effective and affordable alternative to one-off applications developed in-house and proprietary offerings. CollectionSpace is freely distributed under the
ECLv2 license.
digitalcuration  collection  Software  +++--  museum 
10 weeks ago by jonippolito
Campus museums recreate ‘cabinet of natural history’ digitally
A new UW2020 initiative will centralize the databases of the university’s five natural history museums, which have separated over the decades to specialize and accommodate growing collections. The 1.3-million-specimen Wisconsin State Herbarium will coordinate with the zoology, geology, entomology and anthropology museums to merge records in a way that allows researchers to study the full scope of natural artifacts in one central location. This digital cabinet of natural history will link the museums’ combined 9 million-plus specimens that span all seven continents, the moon and Mars.
Photo: Ken Cameron looking at book of plant samples

Ken Cameron, director of the Wisconsin State Herbarium and professor of botany, inspects a plant specimen collected by a Civil War colonel during a battle near Atlanta in 1864. Photo: Bryce Richter

“We’re coming back together, not in a physical way, in a common building, but through a virtual platform,” says Ken Cameron, the director of the herbarium and the lead scientist of the project. The curators hope the project will be up and running and available online in about a year. “One hundred sixty-some years later, the cabinet, the museum of natural history, is re-forming, but in this new 21st century online way.”

The new database would allow a researcher to query specimens from each collection at once. For example, they could look up a time and place in Wisconsin and uncover the plants and animals that resided there and then, which minerals or fossils have been found there, and whether any human-made artifacts have been recovered at the site. With some specimens intact back to the founding of the cabinet, the century and a half of records provides a boon to scientists trying to track how populations have shifted over time.
museum  education  digitalcuration  collection  access  ++--- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
The Politics of Curation: An Op-Ed by Rebecca Fitting | American Booksellers Association
I’m a buyer and curator, but also a person. The hardest books for me are the ones on racism, violence, prejudice, and hate for children. Last night, after hearing about Charlottesville on the news while I was making dinner, my son asked, “What’s racism?” I had to stop cooking and have a conversation instead. As a parent, it saddens me; as a buyer, I can’t help but think about how many similar conversations are being had in other homes. Our job as parents is to show up for the hard moments; to be there not just for the joyful things, but also to teach language and sensitivity for world complexity as well. To educate. Books can provide help with this when our own words fall short. After my son went to bed and I finished my role as a parent, I sat down at my computer and shifted into my role as a buyer to make sure that my bookstores were stocked.

I ordered a book about the history of the KKK, which as a buyer felt important but as a person made me incredibly sad. I made sure we had that Hitler biography in stock. I reordered all the books where we try to understand white people (seriously? It’s almost a category at this point), and I made sure the stock levels were high on books about Jim Crow, racism, and prejudice in the history of our country and in our contemporary world. I want there to be tall stacks. In an era where most of us are bombarded by an overwhelming amount of information and are trying to separate the wheat from the chaff, I want people to have access to the right information. I call it “inflection by curation,” and I view it as a way to help guide people toward the information they’re seeking.
digitalcuration  book  Politics  ++--- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
How ReverbNation uses big data, human curation to find next pop star - Business Insider
"Artists tell us everything about themselves. It's the Facebook of music," Perry said. "They aggregate their social media with us. More [concert] show listings for emerging artists are posted with us than any other single site in the world. Hundreds of millions of minutes of music are streamed on our site, and we send hundreds of millions of emails on behalf of our artists."

With its big-data ear "listening" to every artist on its site, and with a tiered system of music experts distinguishing which new acts have talent, ReverbNation's robust curation system can now single out rising independent acts and present them with career-making opportunities.

Once ReverbNation has identified a new crop of promising artists, the company then acts as a bridge for those artists to reach record label contracts, lineup placements at major music festivals like Bonnaroo and Summerfest, and break-out appearances on TV and media outlets.
audio  collection  network  data  digitalcuration  economics  +++-- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
Awash in Sea of Data, Ecologists Turn to Open Access Tools | Quanta Magazine
The OHI team therefore settled on writing all their code in the programming language R and made sure that all the code directly documented every aspect of the data preparation. The models used to generate specific assessment scores within the OHI had originally been written in several languages because of differences in the underlying data; the team replaced all those programs with new ones in R. By using the GitHub repository for these software tools, they took advantage of its built-in version control systems to ensure better organization and naming of files.

“Coding not only provides a historic record of what happened. It’s reusable,” Lowndes said. “We have scripts that will download data from a URL, and then do to that data exactly what it did to the previous year’s.” Moreover, using the same tools across models can help with communicating how it was done. The setup of the OHI compels researchers to learn and follow good, consistent practices in data science, regardless of whether they were formally trained in it.
data  ecology  environment  digitalcuration  ++++- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
Scientists Upload a Galloping Horse GIF Into Bacteria With Crispr | WIRED
DNA could be a robust storage system for data, but never before have researchers stored information in a live organism.
future  variablemedia  storage  socialmemory  life  ++++-  digitalcuration 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
An Ice Scientist’s Worst Nightmare - The New York Times
[A cautionary tale for those who think cold storage will preserve civilization's data] A storage freezer in the Canadian Ice Core Archive failed this month, resulting in the loss of millennia-old samples gathered from around the Canadian Arctic.
digitalcuration  preservation  storage  science  climate  defect  ++++- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
New 'Spray-On' Memory Could Turn Everyday Items Into Digital Storage Devices - Slashdot
Researchers at Duke University have developed "spray-on" digital memory using only an aerosol jet printer and nanoparticle inks. An anonymous reader quotes Duke Today:
The device, which is analogous to a 4-bit flash drive, is the first fully-printed digital memory that would be suitable for practical use in simple electronics such as environmental sensors or RFID tags. And because it is jet-printed at relatively low temperatures, it could be used to build programmable electronic devices on bendable materials like paper, plastic or fabric...

The new material, made of silica-coated copper nanowires encased in a polymer matrix, encodes information not in states of charge but instead in states of resistance. By applying a small voltage, it can be switched between a state of high resistance, which stops electric current, and a state of low resistance, which allows current to flow. And, unlike silicon, the nanowires and the polymer can be dissolved in methanol, creating a liquid that can be sprayed through the nozzle of a printer.

Amazingly, its write speed is three microseconds, "rivaling the speed of flash drives." The information can be re-written many times, and the stored data can last for up to 10 years.
digitalcuration  preservation  storage  hardware  body  ++++- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
Should Archive.org Ignore Robots.txt Directives And Cache Everything? - Slashdot
Archive.org argues robots.txt files are geared toward search engines, and now plans instead to represent the web "as it really was, and is, from a user's perspective." We have also seen an upsurge of the use of robots.txt files to remove entire domains from search engines when they transition from a live web site into a parked domain, which has historically also removed the entire domain from view in the Wayback Machine... We receive inquiries and complaints on these "disappeared" sites almost daily." In response, Slashdot reader Lauren Weinstein writes: We can stipulate at the outset that the venerable Internet Archive and its associated systems like Wayback Machine have done a lot of good for many years -- for example by providing chronological archives of websites who have chosen to participate in their efforts. But now, it appears that the Internet Archive has joined the dark side of the Internet, by announcing that they will no longer honor the access control requests of any websites. He's wondering what will happen when "a flood of other players decide that they must emulate the Internet Archive's dismal reasoning to remain competitive," adding that if sys-admins start blocking spiders with web server configuration directives, other unrelated sites could become "collateral damage." But BoingBoing is calling it "an excellent decision... a splendid reminder that nothing published on the web is ever meaningfully private, and will always go on your permanent record." So what do Slashdot's readers think? Should Archive.org ignore robots.txt directives and cache everything?
digitalcuration  preservation  storage  ethics  +++++  sharing  network 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
'Arctic World Archive' Will Keep the World's Data Safe In an Arctic Mineshaft - Slashdot
Norway's famous doomsday seed vault is getting a new neighbor. It's called the Arctic World Archive, and it aims to do for data what the Svalbard Global Seed Vault has done for crop samples -- provide a remote, impregnable home in the Arctic permafrost, safe from threats like natural disaster and global conflicts. But while the Global Seed Vault is (partially) funded by charities who want to preserve global crop diversity, the World Archive is a for-profit business, created by Norwegian tech company Piql and Norway's state mining company SNSK. The Archive was opened on March 27th this year, with the first customers -- the governments of Brazil, Mexico, and Norway -- depositing copies of various historical documents in the vault. Data is stored in the World Archive on optical film specially developed for the task by Piql. (And, yes, the company name is a pun on the word pickle, as in preserving-in-vinegar.) The company started life in 2002 making video formats that bridged analog film and digital media, but as the world went fully digital it adapted its technology for the task of long-term storage. As Piql founder Rune Bjerkestrand tells The Verge: "Film is an optical medium, so what we do is, we take files of any kind of data -- documents, PDFs, JPGs, TIFFs -- and we convert that into big, high-density QR codes. Our QR codes are massive, and very high resolution; we use greyscale to get more data into every code. And in this way we convert a visual storage medium, film, into a digital one." Once data is imprinted on film, the reels are stored in a converted mineshaft in the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. The mineshaft (different to the one used by the Global Seed Vault) was originally operated by SNSK for the mining of coal, but was abandoned in 1995. The vault is 300 meters below the ground and impervious to both nuclear attacks and EMPs. Piql claims its proprietary film format will store data safely for at least 500 years, and maybe as long as 1,000 years, with the assistance of the mine's climate.
preservation  digitalcuration  defect  storage  data  +++++  socialmemory 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
Videotapes Are Becoming Unwatchable As Archivists Work To Save Them - Slashdot
Most videotapes were recorded in the 1980s and '90s, when video cameras first became widely available to Americans. Most of those VHS cassettes have become unwatchable, and others are quickly dying, too. Research suggests that tapes like this aren't going to live beyond 15 to 20 years. NPR has a story about a group of archivists and preservationists who are increasingly scrambling through racks of tape decks, oscilloscopes, vector scopes and wave-form monitors to ensure a quality transfer from analog to digital. From the article:
Here's how magnetic tapes work: Sounds and images are magnetized onto strips of tape, using the same principle as when you rub a piece of metal with a magnet and it retains that magnetism. But when you take the magnet away, the piece of metal slowly loses its magnetism -- and in the same way, the tape slowly loses its magnetic properties. "Once that magnetic field that's been imprinted into that tape has kind of faded too much, you won't be able to recover it back off the tape after a long period of time," says Howard Lukk, director of standards at the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers. Lukk estimates there are billions of tapes sitting around. There are plenty of services out there to digitize tapes -- local stores, online services, even public libraries and universities. Some services are free; some cost a lot of money. The thing is, many people don't realize their tapes are degrading. And some who do know -- even members of the XFR Collective (the aforementioned group), like Mary Kidd -- haven't even gotten around to their own tapes. Digitizing also takes a lot of troubleshooting. Each transfer the Collective does requires them to play the entire tape through while they sit there and watch it.
digitalcuration  preservation  storage  movie  defect  ++++- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
The Web's Premier Free Photo Library Opens Up Its Vaults | WIRED
If you're building an app or website and you need a photo of a pineapple, a beach in Okinawa, a young woman wearing sunglasses, or a monk feeding a tiger, check out Unsplash. The vast online repository features 200,000 high-resolution images, every one of them free to download and use however you like. Create an ad, illustrate a Medium post, assemble your next album cover, whatever.

Some big names have grown hip to Unsplash. When Facebook launched its Slack competitor Workplace, it turned to Unsplash for marketing photos. Visit the Apple App Store and you'll see Unsplash photos in the screenshots of many apps appearing in the "featured" slot. But you don't have to be a tech company to quickly and easily mine the Unsplash archive. The company just made its primary developer tool available to everyone for free.

The tool, called an API, allows anyone to write a program capable of downloading photos from Unsplash. This spares designers, developers, and others the tedium of browsing the website and downloading images individually. They can just write a bit of code to download whatever they need.

Trello, an early Unsplash partner, already does this. It lets users add background photos to Trello boards, and it built the search feature into the slider menu on every board—exactly the kind of integration the API released Tuesday will allow. The API won't have any fees or limits, so developers can pull as many photos as they like, as often as they like.
visual  photography  collection  sharing  digitalcuration  ++--- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
At Some Museums, the Art Is Now on the Outside - The New York Times
Pictures of a 5-year-old girl from suburban Seattle, dressed up as her heroines — Angela Davis, Rosa Parks and other African-American women who fought for freedom — were shown at the International Center of Photography recently. On Thursday night, they were followed by images of displaced migrants in a Tunisian refugee camp.

Where the museum chooses to display these powerful shows — on the facade of its Bowery building, from dusk to dawn — is a sign of a growing global trend among arts institutions that are trying to make an artistic statement while engaging visitors, both returning and new.
museum  movie  visual  street  installation  marketing  digitalcuration  ++--- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
[360-VR view of interactive gallery] At the Tate Modern, Art and Play - Video - NYTimes.com
Explore the newest wing of the Tate Modern in London, where experiential work encourages museumgoers to interact with the art.
virtualreality  museum  digitalcuration  ++--- 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
A Museum for the 21st Century | Portland Museum of Art | The Maine Mag
The museum opened its sculpture garden to the public in July, and each floor has a more in-depth computer kiosk to allow visitors to learn more about the artwork they see. "People can approach art the way they want to rather than the way we want them to," says Judy and Leonard Lauder director Mark Bessire[....]"Audiences had gotten used to a museum with a capital M telling its story," Bessire says. "Now our museum likes to use a smaller story." They came away with the concept of basing galleries more on ideas and themes and embracing the mixing of media. Making the galleries more approachable is part of the museum's effort to break down barriers for the public, especially first-time visitors[....]"I think we're finding that certainly teachers and kids and families are having a much more welcoming experience because it's an open conversation," Bessire says. "Whatever you come to the museum with, it's validated, rather than being told, 'No, that's not right.'" For older audiences, there are more interesting juxtapositions between the artwork next to each other, he says.
museum  maine  ++---  digitalcuration 
11 weeks ago by jonippolito
[d3js data visualization] Persons of Concern StreamGraph by Origin - bl.ocks.org
A StreamGraph visualization of the total number of persons of concern grouped by country of origin.

The total number of persons of concern is the sum of Asylum-seekers, Internally displaced persons, Persons in IDP-like situation, Others of concern, Returned IDPs, Refugees (incl. refugee-like situations), Returnees, Persons in Refugee-like situation, and Stateless Persons. Excludes countries with relatively low counts. Data from UNHCR Population Statistics.

See also this variant that shows the data grouped by destination.

Draws from Labeled Streamgraph and Syrian Refugees by Settlement Type.

Uses d3-area-label to position labels.
digitalcuration  migration  Politics  data  visual  +++-- 
august 2017 by jonippolito
The Future of Museums | HASTAC
The Museum Disappears...?
jonippolito's picture
jonippolito

Thanks to all of you for introducing this timely topic. I agree that the greatest value of a museum in the digital age may be less as a storehouse of precious objects, and more as a mechanism for crowdsourcing knowledge. I also appreciate Susana's observation that, more than pre-digested interpretation, audiences now want to experience culture.

So here's a naive question. Wouldn't these functions be better served for a site of trauma such as Ellis Island or Dachau by letting visitors wander the grounds in their original, uncurated state, accompanied by an Augmented Reality app that lets visitors share their personal histories with and reactions to specific artifacts (via image recognition) or locations (via GPS)?

Such a "museum" would require only a smartphone--no wall panels, no labels, no giftshop, maybe a few "experts" hired to add their perspectives. It could be deployed anywhere there is cell coverage--on the train to the site, in the surrounding woods--truly a museum without walls.

Would that still be a museum according to your definition. If not, why not?
museum  future  augmentedreality  digitalcuration  +++++  @i 
august 2017 by jonippolito
[International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF)] Introduction · GitBook
In this guide, we'll be walking you through getting started with the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) tools, standards, and community. We'll cover a wide range of topics as a string of concrete examples and interactive demonstrations.

Starting with a basic conceptual overview of IIIF and its benefits, we'll then look at what content can be enhanced with IIIF and where you can find and interact with existing content. Following that, we'll walk through how to expose your image content through a IIIF-enabled image server, introduce you to the many server options and production concerns, and then talk about viewers and clients. We'll demonstrate the Leaflet and OpenSeadragon image viewers, and then introduce the IIIF Presentation API, which allows you to provide your users advanced features for interacting with structured collections of images, such as digitised books, conservation photography collections, and archival document structures. We'll then show how you can expose these resources through several IIIF Presentation API-enabled viewers, including Mirador and the Universal Viewer.
visual  images  JSON  Software  sharing  network  digitalcuration  ++++- 
august 2017 by jonippolito

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