jomc + ethics   42

15 Worrying Things About the CRISPR Babies Scandal - The Atlantic
He relied on an aids association to reach out to the patients and falsely described his work as an “aids-vaccine development project.” He told delegates at the Hong Kong summit that he personally took the volunteers through the informed-consent process, along with another professor....a vulnerability at the heart of modern science. That is: Small groups of researchers can make virtually unilateral decisions about experiments that have potentially global consequences, and that everyone else only learns about after the fact.
biotech  ethics  crispr  aids  health  classism  science 
6 weeks ago by jomc
How Congress could rein in Google and Facebook - The Verge
Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) put out a white paper listing several suggestions for regulating tech, including one that would consider platforms as “information fiduciaries.” Basically, this would reclassify providers as bodies similar to those belonging to medicine, law, and finance, requiring social media platforms like Facebook to not act against the interests of its users.
internet  ethics  regulation  gdpr  facebook  congress  data 
11 weeks ago by jomc
We Are All Research Subjects Now - The Chronicle of Higher Education
political terrain can shift beneath researchers’ feet. They are not the only arbiters of what the public, or their own research subjects, will accept. A bold research agenda, even a celebrated one, can swiftly be derailed by ethical missteps. The SSRC-Facebook collaboration might draw that lesson from the 1960s, too.
facebook  ethics  academia  consent  methodology 
october 2018 by jomc
Guest Blogger: Amanda Levendowski - "How can we learn about the AI systems that might be used to surveil us? The federal trademark register has answers" — AI Initiative
It’s impossible for the public to engage in discourse about whether an AI system is fair, accountable, transparent or ethical if we don’t know that an AI system is being used to watch us—or if we don’t know the technology exists at all.
ai  policy  ethics  transparency  accountability 
october 2018 by jomc
Advertising is obsolete – here's why it's time to end it
But fewer have stopped to ask whether there is a good reason for this infrastructure to exist at all. Why, exactly, is it a good thing for Facebook and Google to be selling advertising to anyone, let alone Russian agents?
advertising  ethics  facebook  antitrust  workingon 
august 2018 by jomc
Technology | Academics | Policy - Professors Evan Selinger and Woodrow Hartzog Disclose the Privacy Risks of Facial Recognition
Imagine a technology that is potently, uniquely dangerous — something so inherently toxic that it deserves to be completely rejected, banned, and stigmatized. Something so pernicious that regulation cannot adequately protect citizens from its effects.

That technology is already here. It is facial recognition technology, and its dangers are so great that it must be rejected entirely.
face-detection  surveillance  ethics 
july 2018 by jomc
Goodhart's law - Wikipedia
"When a measure becomes a target, it ceases to be a good measure."[1] One way in which this can occur is individuals trying to anticipate the effect of a policy and then taking actions which alter its outcome.[2]
policy  metrics  analytics  ethics 
july 2018 by jomc
Tech Ethics Curricula: A Collection of Syllabi – Casey Fiesler – Medium
In November 2017, a New York Times op-ed accused academics of being “asleep at the wheel” when it comes to tech ethics. A flurry of response and conversation ensued, amassing many tweetstorms and counter-op-eds, including this one from my collaborators on the PERVADE data ethics project.
ethics  syllabus 
july 2018 by jomc
Why Tech Employees Are Rebelling Against Their Bosses | WIRED
“From the outside, it looks like there’s been an 180-degree change from last month to this month,” she says. In reality, she says, the 2016 election and internal disputes over diversity at Google have awakened employees to “the connections between the technology we’re building, issues in the workplace, and what impact that has had on our communities and on our world.”
google  ethics  tech-workers 
june 2018 by jomc
If You’re A Facebook User, You’re Also a Research Subject - Bloomberg
The free gifts are just one of the little-known and complicated ways Facebook works with academic researchers. For scholars, the scale of Facebook’s 2.2 billion users provides an irresistible way to investigate how human nature may play out on, and be shaped by, the social network. For Facebook, the motivations to work with outside academics are far thornier, and it’s Facebook that decides who gets access to its data to examine its impact on society.
facebook  ethics  research  academia 
june 2018 by jomc
Archaeology for cyborgs – janeruffino – Medium
Where does the person stop and the personal data begin?
data  rights  gdpr  ethics 
june 2018 by jomc
How a Pentagon Contract Became an Identity Crisis for Google - The New York Times
The polarized debate about Google and the military may leave out some nuances. Better analysis of drone imagery could reduce civilian casualties by improving operators’ ability to find and recognize terrorists. The Defense Department will hardly abandon its advance into artificial intelligence if Google bows out. And military experts say China and other developed countries are already investing heavily in A.I. for defense.

But skilled technologists who chose Google for its embrace of benign and altruistic goals are appalled that their employer could eventually be associated with more efficient ways to kill.
google  ethics  ai  harm-reduction  defense 
may 2018 by jomc
Uber and Self-Driving Cars Have More Than a 'Trolley Problem' - The Atlantic
Foot already anticipates the missing context of her cases, even before the tram example became the trolley problem. “In real life,” she writes, “it would hardly ever be certain that the man on the narrow track would be killed. Perhaps he might find a foothold on the side ... and cling on as the vehicle hurtled by.”
self-driving  ethics  tech-criticism 
march 2018 by jomc
The Real Danger To Civilization Isn’t AI. It’s Runaway Capitalism
Who pursues their goals with monomaniacal focus, oblivious to the possibility of negative consequences? Who adopts a scorched-earth approach to increasing market share? This hypothetical strawberry-picking AI does what every tech startup wishes it could do.... the question of how to create friendly AI is simply more fun to think about than the problem of industry regulation, just as imagining what you’d do during the zombie apocalypse is more fun than thinking about how to mitigate global warming.
ai  silicon-valley  capitalism  unintended-consequences  ethics 
december 2017 by jomc
The Seven Deadly Sins of AI Predictions - MIT Technology Review
This is a problem we all have with imagined future technology. If it is far enough away from the technology we have and understand today, then we do not know its limitations. And if it becomes indistinguishable from magic, anything one says about it is no longer falsifiable.

This is a problem I regularly encounter when trying to debate with people about whether we should fear artificial general intelligence, or AGI—the idea that we will build autonomous agents that operate much like beings in the world.
ai  ethics 
october 2017 by jomc
Truth or Consequences
Almost as soon as the broadcast aired, a swarm of right-wing blogs assailed Rather’s documents, claiming their typeface and spacing was inconsistent with any known typewriter of the early seventies
blogs  media  ethics  journalism 
january 2017 by jomc
Programming is Forgetting: Toward a New Hacker Ethic - Allison Parrish | Open Transcripts
the two last points of Levy’s hacker ethics that I left alone, and those are these: You can create art and beauty on a computer
technology  culture  ethics  programming  hacking 
december 2016 by jomc
Evidence-based vs. accusation-driven reporting (with tweets) · jayrosen_nyu · Storify
None of the 1,300 words in the article presents any evidence that the charge is true. The entire "plot" of the piece is that accusations have been made, the people accused say the charges are baseless, and USA today found zero evidence to undermine their defense.
journalism  ethics  clickbait 
november 2016 by jomc
How technology disrupted the truth | Katharine Viner | Media | The Guardian
It seemed that journalists were no longer required to believe their own stories to be true, nor, apparently, did they need to provide evidence. Instead it was up to the reader – who does not even know the identity of the source – to make up their own mind.
journalism  ethics  media  facts  echo-chambers  viral 
october 2016 by jomc
We're Already Violating Virtual Reality's First Code of Ethics | Motherboard
Indeed, it was in light of this potential for lasting psychological impact during and after a virtual reality experience that Madary and Metzinger drafted a list of six main recommendations for the ethical future of commercial and research virtual reality applications. Broadly summarized, their recommendations are:
vr  ethics 
june 2016 by jomc
Google AI ethics board remains a mystery - Business Insider
Google's artificial intelligence (AI) ethics board, established when Google acquired London AI startup DeepMind in 2014, remains one of the biggest mysteries in tech, with both Google and DeepMind refusing to reveal who sits on it.
google  artificial-intelligence  ethics 
march 2016 by jomc
Author puts his ex to the pen - Books - Entertainment -
Summers, a theatre director who was with Carey for nearly 20 years, argues that he has exploited his position as a famous and highly regarded novelist to settle scores from their marriage, and to carry on a smear campaign that, Summers alleges, has poisoned their circle of friends in Manhattan against her.

"I think it's like he fictionalised me, and the fact that he feels free to do so is a kind of intimidation. It's emotional terrorism," she says. "Say if he really believed I was this hideous person, and he couldn't resist the idea of using what he had learned about some hideous person
fiction  relationships  ethics 
april 2015 by jomc
The Journalist and the Murderer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Every journalist who is not too stupid or too full of himself to notice what is going on knows that what he does is morally indefensible." She continues:[3]

He is a kind of confidence man, preying on people's vanity, ignorance or loneliness, gaining their trust and betraying them without remorse. Like the credulous widow who wakes up one day to find the charming young man and all her savings gone, so the consenting subject of a piece of nonfiction learns—when the article or book appears—his hard lesson. Journalists justify their treachery in various ways according to their temperaments. The more pompous talk about freedom of speech and "the public's right to know"; the least talented talk about Art; the seemliest murmur about earning a living."
journalism  ethics 
march 2012 by jomc
Email: Why People Feel Lying is Justified — PsyBlog
people consistently lied more over email and felt more justified in doing so, even when they were lying to someone they knew and when that person would find out. Participants seemed relatively unconcerned about the damage to their reputation caused by lying over email.
email  ethics  psychology  lying  honesty 
october 2010 by jomc
Dynamist Blog: The Collapse of Professional Journalism, Cont'd
The real problem was not that 3M covered some of Tripsas's reporting expenses. It's that the column wasn't very good. It lacked context about 3M's long history of internally driven innovation, the work of design consultancies like IDEO, or academic research on customer-driven innovation. It was old news. I wrote about a similar innovation center, at GE Plastics, in The Substance of Style, published in 2003 and researched several years earlier. (Tripsas's column in fact acknowledged that 3M opened its first innovation center more than a decade ago.) And the writing was noticeably cliched and strained: "In a world of online user communities, social media, interactive blogs and other technological means for companies to elicit customer feedback, you might think that face-to-face interaction is a thing of the past. Think again.
journalism  ethics  freelancing  nytimes  media 
january 2010 by jomc

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