jomc + data   98

The Unlikely Activists Who Took On Silicon Valley — and Won - The New York Times
acebook alone belonged to more than four dozen trade associations and industry coalitions, political shields that could advance Facebook’s interests in battles that were too toxic for direct engagement. It supported the Anti-Defamation League and the American Council of the Blind, the American Conservative Union and the N.A.A.C.P. It disbursed millions of dollars in grants to tech-advocacy groups — including those that sometimes criticized them. Like the web of personal data it mined for profit, Silicon Valley’s political network was simultaneously immense, powerful and inscrutable.
data  surveillance  google  california  politics 
4 weeks ago by jomc
Aadhaar, India’s ID system, is a cautionary tale - The Washington Post
Technical glitches in integrating Aadhaar with India’s banking system is also wreaking havoc with welfare payments to its most vulnerable citizens. Aadhaar servers return error codes that few people are able to decipher, let alone fix. Wage payments from a national rural employment guarantee scheme are often delayed or go “missing.” The list goes on.
india  data  privacy  world 
5 weeks ago by jomc
Audit the algorithms that are ruling our lives | Financial Times
Another reason for the push back is that exposure of the algorithm might lead to inconvenient truths about the effectiveness and accuracy of the decision-making process. By not independently auditing your algorithms you can remain blissfully ignorant and keep plausible deniability when it comes to negative consequences.
algorithms  data  audit 
7 weeks ago by jomc
Warner suggests 20 ways to tackle problems posed by Google and Facebook - Axios
The report also suggested that, to increase visibility into competition, platforms could put a monetary value on an individual user’s data.
data  policy 
7 weeks ago by jomc
For Sale: Survey Data on Millions of High School Students - The New York Times
Scholarships.com, for instance, asks students for their name, birth date, race, religion, home address and citizenship status and whether they have “impairments” like H.I.V., depression or a “relative w/Alzheimer’s.” Scholarships.com also has a subsidiary, American Student Marketing, that describes itself as the “exclusive broker” of the student data collected by Scholarships.com, offering it to marketers of student loans, credit cards and smartphones...could expose them to predatory marketing or exclude them from important opportunities.
education  data  data-brokers  privacy 
7 weeks ago by jomc
Bursting the bubble: in reality, most of us are exposed to a range of views online
Echo chambers and filter bubbles are — like fake news, automated troll bots and Cambridge Analytica’s personalized political advertising — concepts that shape our consciousness about social media. They are certainly useful, but they are far from universally applicable.
data  echo-chambers 
7 weeks ago by jomc
Senator Ron Wyden reckons with the internet he helped shape - The Verge
I think the public has a right to control their own data. I think what is needed are clear, enforceable rules to make sure that the companies get explicit consent from their consumers to use consumers’ data. Not some kind of, “Well, it’s back there in page 75” of some kind of agreement in small print — that if you happen to have been a lawyer specializing in a degree in small print, you know something about it. Consumers have the right, in my view, to view and remove what companies have about them on their personal data, so that what belongs to them really continues to belong to them. And then, I think companies are obligated to tell users when their privacy is compromised in data breaches, and, clearly, that has not been done in the past and certainly hasn’t been done quickly.
policy  congress  230  data  privacy 
7 weeks ago by jomc
Google DeepMind and healthcare in an age of algorithms | SpringerLink
DeepMind Technologies Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Google conglomerate, Alphabet Inc. In 2016, DeepMind announced its first major health project: a collaboration with the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust,
google  data  healthcare 
9 weeks ago by jomc
DNA Testing Might Help Reunite Families Separated by Trump. But It Could Create a Privacy Nightmare.
“We appreciate the offer, but that’s not a strategy that we really agree with,” Jennifer Falcon, communications director at RAICES, told The Intercept. “These are already vulnerable communities, and this would potentially put their information at risk with the very people detaining them. They’re looking to solve one violation of civil rights with something that could cause another violation of civil rights.”
23andme  data  surveillance  dna 
11 weeks ago by jomc
Congress grilled Mark Zuckerberg, but lawmakers really should look in the mirror
. We must go far beyond creating better user agreements that will be broken as easily as treaties with indigenous people have been, and grapple with the broken culture that fosters data reuse. The only information that Facebook, and for that matter, Congress, deserves is a lesson on the history of how they made data reuse not only possible but also legal.
data 
12 weeks ago by jomc
The Netflix Binge Factory
“I don’t want any of our shows to define our brand, and I don’t want our brand to define any shows,” he tells me, sitting in his office, where not one but three posters for The Godfather hang. “There’s no such thing as a ‘Netflix show.’ That as a mind-set gets people narrowed. Our brand is personalization.”...“You have to be very cautious not to get caught in the math, because you’ll end up making the same thing over and over again,” Sarandos says. “And the data just tells you what happened in the past. It doesn’t tell you anything that will happen in the future.”
netflix  data  algorithms  taste  television 
june 2018 by jomc
Archaeology for cyborgs – janeruffino – Medium
Where does the person stop and the personal data begin?
data  rights  gdpr  ethics 
june 2018 by jomc
Opinion | What Should Congress Ask Zuckerberg? - The New York Times
Second, people would have access, if requested, to all the data a company has collected on them — including all forms of computational inference (how the company uses your data to make guesses about your tastes and preferences, your personal and medical history, your political allegiances and so forth).
facebook  data  regulation  policy 
april 2018 by jomc
How Calls for Privacy May Upend Business for Facebook and Google - The New York Times
The new rules treat personal data as proprietary, owned by an individual, and any use of that data must be accompanied by permission — opting in rather than opting out — after receiving a request written in clear language, not legalese.
data  gdpr 
march 2018 by jomc
Your Facebook data is creepy as hell – Hacker Noon
Facebook never deletes anything. Unfriended friends, past relationships, former employers, previous names, address book: you name it.

I created my account Friday, September 14, 2007 at 10:59am and all my actions have been recorded ever since
facebook  data  privacy 
february 2018 by jomc
Data and Dating: Who Else Wants Your Love? - Our Data Our Selves
Paul-Oliver Dehaye, together with human rights lawyer Ravi Naik and journalist Judith Duportail, analysed the personal data from Duportail’s Tinder profile after asking the company to send it to her. They got 800 pages of all her activity in the app, as well as apps connected to her social media profiles such as Facebook) 8. According to Dehaye, the data collected by the app and shared with third parties is used for profiling and can affect your life when asking for a loan, applying for a job, a scholarship, or medical insurance.
data  facebook  okcupid  tinder 
february 2018 by jomc
I asked Tinder for my data. It sent me 800 pages of my deepest, darkest secrets | Technology | The Guardian
What will happen if this treasure trove of data gets hacked, is made public or simply bought by another company? I can almost feel the shame I would experience. The thought that, before sending me these 800 pages, someone at Tinder might have read them already makes me cringe.


Tinder’s privacy policy clearly states: “you should not expect that your personal information, chats, or other communications will always remain secure”
data  dating  tinder 
september 2017 by jomc
GOP Data Firm Accidentally Leaks Personal Details of Nearly 200 Million American Voters
The Reddit data could’ve been used as training data for an artificial intelligence algorithm focused on natural language processing, or it might have been harvested as part of an effort to match up Reddit users with their voter registration records.
elections  reddit  data 
june 2017 by jomc
How a Company You’ve Never Heard of Sends You Letters about Your Medical Condition
“Doing a search on your mobile device means you are incredibly re-identifiable,” said Pam Dixon of the World Privacy Forum, referring to the fact that a mobile device provides more unique identifiers than a computer typically does.
data  health  privacy 
june 2017 by jomc
Uber’s C.E.O. Plays With Fire - The New York Times
They spent much of their energy one-upping rivals like Lyft. Uber devoted teams to so-called competitive intelligence, purchasing data from an analytics service called Slice Intelligence. Using an email digest service it owns named Unroll.me, Slice collected its customers’ emailed Lyft receipts from their inboxes and sold the anonymized data to Uber. Uber used the data as a proxy for the health of Lyft’s business. (Lyft, too, operates a competitive intelligence team.)
data  uber  lyft  consent 
april 2017 by jomc
Gary Coby on Twitter: "100% Lie. Nix "remembering" is total rubbish. @CamAnalytica had zero involvement in this. Didn't use any "psychographs" for this testing. https://t.co/Lm1S2GiqDn"
"Alexander Nix had precisely nothing to do with this. This passage is a lie. @GaryCoby ran all DJT advertising. @motherboard"
100% Lie. Nix "remembering" is total rubbish. @CamAnalytica had zero involvement in this. Didn't use any "psychographs" for this testing.
cambridge-analytica  data  facebook  dt  elections 
january 2017 by jomc
Steve Bannon’s data firm in talks for lucrative White House contracts | The Independent
London-based firm said it has marketing and psychological data on around 230 million Americans, which could help Mr Trump to increase his real estate business, or scope out the policy landscape for his government
Cambridge-Analytica  data 
november 2016 by jomc
It’s not Cyberspace anymore. — Data & Society: Points — Medium
most of the non-tech people couldn’t do a reality check. They could only respond with fear. As a result, unrealistic conversations about artificial intelligence led many non-technical attendees to believe that the biggest threat to national security is humanoid killer robots, or that AI that can do everything humans can is just around the corner, threatening all but the most elite technical jobs. In other words, as I talked to attendees, I kept bumping into a 1970s science fiction narrative.
technology  power  fear  luddites  data  artificial-intelligence 
february 2016 by jomc
Reading the Numbers of Stop-and-Frisk
On September 10, just before the show’s public opening, a small crowd gathered in the back of the gallery to witness what had been announced as a performance employing “the radical misuse” of this data. With little fanfare, the Obadikes took their seats at a small table, placed on their headphones, switched on a radio transmitter, and began to read aloud the logs of stop-and-frisk reports from over 123 NYPD precincts. The performance was simply the sustained recital of the numerical tags of the many self-reported incident forms. Each number was read individually, the Obadikes alternating between themselves. After a log was read in its entirety, the artists would take a short breath, flip the page, and begin anew. For 30 minutes, the cryptic nature of all those abstract numbers — the assigned marks of supposed criminality — became public in a new way.

Mendi + Keith Obadike, “Numbers Station [Furtive Movements]” (2015) (click to enlarge)
data  art  stop-and-frisk 
january 2016 by jomc
All the Troubles of the World - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Multivac, the world's largest supercomputer, is given the responsibility of analyzing the entire sum of data on the planet Earth. It is used to determine solutions to economic, social and political problems, as well as more specific crises as they arise. It receives a precise set of data on every citizen of the world, extrapolating the future actions of humanity based upon personality, history, and desires of every human being; leading to an almost complete cessation of poverty, war and political crisis.
toread  data 
september 2015 by jomc
some things
Which brings me to the question of why this story stuck out so much: well, surprise, it is about men policing women’s bodies! The fact that the father calls Target back, telling a random stranger that his daughter is pregnant to reclaim his honor from a misinformed accusation, says everything you need to know about whether this story cares at all about the teenager supposedly profiled. To kick it up a level, the whole “revelation” logic of knowledge here is gendered: knowing a girl is pregnant means revealing it to her father, discovering the algorithm behind the scenes is a matter of unveiling/opening the kimono/insert weird sexist, orientalist knowledge metaphor of your choice here, and there is plenty of good feminist STS work that talks about the relationship between male scientists and “female” nature that all this undressing talk stems from.

So, I hate this story, and I hate the understanding of “knowledge” that it promotes at every level. Please everyone stop using it as an example of how algorithms work and why we should care.
tracking  data  fake  analytics  behavior 
august 2015 by jomc
bio — milkred
Rachel Law is a conceptual artist, game designer, web programmer and creative technologist currently living in Brooklyn, New York.

Her practice is centered around social mythologies and how technology facilitates the creation of new communities. Her work spans across a wide range of mediums ranging from interactive installations to film photography and book-art.
artist  data  machine-learning  tracking 
july 2015 by jomc
How Companies Turn Your Facebook Activity Into a Credit Score | The Nation
Scores can become “self-fulfilling prophecies, creating the financial distress they claim merely to indicate,” as legal scholars Danielle Citron and Frank Pasquale have observed. The worse your score, the more you’re charged—and the more you’re charged, the harder it is to make monthly payments, which means the worse you’re ranked the next time around.
data  debt  poverty 
june 2015 by jomc
Adult dating site hack exposes sexual secrets - May. 22, 2015
The breach was carried out by a hacker who goes by the moniker ROR[RG]. In an online hacker forum, he said he blackmailed Adult FriendFinder, telling the site he would expose the data online unless the company paid him $100,000.
data  revenge-porn  extortion 
may 2015 by jomc
To our friends | The Anarchist Library— The Invisible Committe
. We believe that our “personal” data belong to us, like our car or our shoes, and that we’re only exercising our “individual freedom” by deciding to let Google, Facebook, Apple, Amazon or the police have access to them, without realizing that this has immediate effects on those who refuse to, and who will be treated from then on as suspects, as potential deviants.
google  data 
may 2015 by jomc
Courts docs show how Google slices users into “millions of buckets” — Medium
Gmail can sort users not just into a few thousand demographic and interest categories, but into literally millions of distinct “buckets”. A “bucket” is just a cluster of users, however small, who share some feature in common that might interest advertisers.
google  algorithms  algos  data 
may 2015 by jomc
RadioShack's Bankruptcy Could Give Your Customer Data to the Highest Bidder - Bloomberg Business
The phone numbers, e-mail addresses, and shopping habits of more than 100 million customers are part of RadioShack's bankruptcy auction
data  markets 
april 2015 by jomc
Lydia Davis at the End of the World ‹ Literary Hub
“The idea of ‘letting the data speak’ opens up genuine and almost insoluble problems of form. I did a lot of research for a friend who was researching her family’s fate during the Holocaust. I had access to every year of the Vienna telephone directory. And every year, beginning in the late 30s and going up to about ’42, there were fewer of her family members in the directory. Year by year, the number went down: twelve, seven, five, four, three. And finally none. These bare facts are extremely touching on the page, and that reaction comes directly from the primary material. If you do all the research and then work a lot on editing everything the right way, I do not believe the result will be as moving as the direct response to the primary material. It is a real problem.”
research  data 
april 2015 by jomc
They’re Watching You Read by Francine Prose | NYRblog | The New York Review of Books
According to a recent article in The Guardian, e-book retailers are now able to tell which books we’ve finished or not finished, how fast we have read them, and precisely where we snapped shut the cover of our e-books and moved on to something else. Only 44.4 percent of British readers who use a Kobo eReader made it all the way through Donna Tartt’s The Goldfinch, while a mere 28.2 percent reached the end of Solomon Northup’s Twelve Years a Slave. Yet both these books appeared—and remained for some time—on the British bestseller lists.
books  tracking  data 
january 2015 by jomc
The Scored Society: Due Process for Automated Predictions by Danielle Keats Citron, Frank A. Pasquale :: SSRN
Big Data is increasingly mined to rank and rate individuals. Predictive algorithms assess whether we are good credit risks, desirable employees, reliable tenants, valuable customers — or deadbeats, shirkers, menaces, and “wastes of time.” Crucial opportunities are on the line, including the ability to obtain loans, work, housing, and insurance. Though automated scoring is pervasive and consequential, it is also opaque and lacking oversight. In one area where regulation does prevail — credit — the law focuses on credit history, not the derivation of scores from data.

Procedural regularity is essential for those stigmatized by “artificially intelligent” scoring systems. The American due process tradition should inform basic safeguards. Regulators should be able to test scoring systems to ensure their fairness and accuracy. Individuals should be granted meaningful opportunities to challenge adverse decisions based on scores miscategorizing them. Without such protections in place, systems could launder biased and arbitrary data into powerfully stigmatizing scores.
data 
december 2014 by jomc
The Most Successful Colleges for Graduating Low-Income Black Students - The Root
GSU’s success is not through happenstance, and entails two key strategies.  First, they use predictive analytics to identify students who might be at risk of dropping out. The analytics use technology to create profiles of students based on more than 10 years of student data. Second, GSU uses targeted interventions, including micro grants and counseling, to address students’ needs based on the predictive analysis.
education  data 
december 2014 by jomc
How Self-Tracking Apps Exclude Women - The Atlantic
Sara Watson, another fellow at Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society, points out that many of these strange measurements come from what the phone is capable of measuring: movement and sound. “That just has to do with the reductive nature of tracking something with an accelerometer,” she said. But the apps do reflect a certain kind of bias. “I think the designers, who are mostly men are, they’re just taking up norms and assumptions that are embedded in our society about women’s fertility and sexuality, and reproducing them,” Lupton said. So sex is judged by thrusting, success is judged by endurance, and pleasure is measured in moans. “
quantified-self  data 
december 2014 by jomc
Dear Seamless, never send me another year in review email if you like money | The Verge
So I was startled this morning when I got an email from Seamless titled "Timothy, take a bite of your Seamless year in review!" because there are some things that should never be reviewed and this is one of them. You just don't go there, big data.
data  ecommerce 
december 2014 by jomc
“This victory belongs to all of us”: How teacher Agustin Morales got his job back - Salon.com
Morales had to fight to return to school at all this year. As Salon reported in October, he was let go last spring, after his evaluations took a sudden turn at about the same time as he joined fellow teachers and parents to protest so-called “data walls” in the classroom; teachers had been instructed to post students’ names and test scores on a public wall as a motivation tactic. Parent Paula Burke called the walls “public humiliation.”
education  data  workingon 
december 2014 by jomc
Data & Civil Rights: Criminal Justice Primer
t. Since 1994, the New York City Police Department has
been using a data-driven management system called CompStat, which organizes all of the data the
police receive from official sources on crime development efficiently; it has a geographical
component that produces maps of crime hot spots. The program has been adopted widely by other
U.S. cities.13 There is some evidence that computerized geographic mapping of crime hotspots
have made policing more effective, partially because there was a significant drop in violent crime
after CompStat, and other similar systems, were deployed, though it is not conclusive, and other
factors might better explain the reductions in crime
police  data  preppol 
december 2014 by jomc
The Brush Up Interviews: Fatal Encounters with D. Brian Burghart - YouTube
Brush Up Host Landon Miller interviews UNR graduate student and Reno News & Review Editor D. Brian Burghart about his growing database of people killed in interactions with law enforcement, as well as his sudden fame and multiple media appearances.
data 
november 2014 by jomc
Algorithms Are Great and All, But They Can Also Ruin Lives | WIRED
The algorithm had determined that Gass looked sufficiently like another Massachusetts driver that foul play was likely involved—and the automated letter from the Registry of Motor Vehicles was the end result.

The RMV itself was unsympathetic, claiming that it was the accused individual’s “burden” to clear his or her name in the event of any mistakes, and arguing that the pros of protecting the public far outweighed the inconvenience to the wrongly targeted few.

John Gass is hardly alone in being a victim of algorithms gone awry. In 2007, a glitch in the California Department of Health Services’ new automated computer system terminated the benefits of thousands of low-income seniors and people with disabilities. Without their premiums paid, Medicare canceled those citizens’ health care coverage.
algos  data  face-detection 
november 2014 by jomc
When Fitbit Is the Expert Witness - The Atlantic
Yet with wearables, who is the witness? The device? Your body? The service provider? Or the analytics algorithm operated by a third party? ,,,Ultimately, the Fitbit case may be just one step in a much bigger shift toward a data-driven regime of “truth.” Prioritizing data—irregular, unreliable data—over human reporting, means putting power in the hands of an algorithm.
algos  data  law  truth 
november 2014 by jomc
Privacy Concerns for ClassDojo and Other Tracking Apps for Schoolchildren - NYTimes.com
Sam Chaudhary, the co-founder of ClassDojo, said his company recently updated its privacy policy to say that it does not “sell, lease or share your (or children’s) personal information to any third party” for advertising or marketing.

“We have committed in the terms of service to never selling the data,” Mr. Chaudhary said. “It’s the user’s own data.”
data  privacy  education 
november 2014 by jomc
We Experiment On Human Beings! « OkTrends
When we tell people they are a good match, they act as if they are. Even when they should be wrong for each other.
data  okcupid  algos 
july 2014 by jomc
Facebook Experiments Had Few Limits - WSJ
one of the better pieces

#
Since its creation in 2007, Facebook's Data Science group has run hundreds of tests. One published study deconstructed how families communicate, another delved into the causes of loneliness. One test looked at how social behaviors spread through networks. In 2010, the group measured how "political mobilization messages" sent to 61 million people caused people in social networks to vote in the 2010 congressional elections.
facebook  data  research 
july 2014 by jomc
Larry Page on Google’s Many Arms - NYTimes.com
"Right now we don’t data-mine health care data. If we did we’d probably save 100,000 lives next year"- Larry Page
privacy  data 
june 2014 by jomc
selfiecity
Each city has a different style when it comes to selfies. Compare yourself:
selfies  data  phtography 
june 2014 by jomc
What if your cell phone buzzed every time someone gave your congressman a ton of money? - The Washington Post
Sunlight has something like this in mind -- push notifications for campaign contributions. And, no doubt, enterprising political geeks would build such a thing, if only the data were available. Rosenberg doubts that the threat of live updates for anyone who wants to sign up for them would deter donors from shelling out.
accountability  congress  citizens-united  transparency  art  data 
june 2014 by jomc
Blog « Erasing David
UK is, in regards to repressive governance, about 8-12 yrs ahead of USA. America’s growing resistance to an Obama re-election to a second term is symptomatic of a growing perception that this fool is totally dependent on a forced revision of natural law (inversion of morality and jurisprudence) to realize his “transformation of society” into yet another hellish socialist experiment. As in the case of Obamazoid dysfunctional bungling and inevitable catastrophic economic breakdown, the bureaucracy panics and becomes more repressive and reactionary in proportion to the resistance of the citizenry.
data  tracking  towatch 
may 2014 by jomc
You Can Hide Your Pregnancy Online, But You'll Feel Like A Criminal - Forbes
It’s not the first time Vertesi has rejected online data collection. When Google changed its privacy policy in 2012 to allow it to profile users across all of its products, Vertesi dumped the tech giant’s products. “I went off Google entirely and that was pretty easy,” she says. “So I assumed keeping the Internet from knowing I was pregnant would be like going from vegetarianism to veganism.”
data  tracking  google 
may 2014 by jomc
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