jomc + ai   74

[1811.10154] Please Stop Explaining Black Box Models for High Stakes Decisions
s, but trying to explain black box models, rather than creating models that are interpretable in the first place, is likely to perpetuate bad practices and can potentially cause catastrophic harm to society
6 weeks ago by jomc
A Google intern's BigGAN AI makes super realistic images
“truncation trick” to create even more realistic images. This lowers the random numbers that the generator uses to create its images, essentially telling it to focus on getting really good at one type of image–like that of a cocker spaniel staring right at you–rather than generating a bunch of other types of images of cocker spaniels....“The bad news is that it used roughly enough energy to power Cleveland for the afternoon.”
biggan  gan  ai  machine-learning  images  google  DeepMind  data  energy 
8 weeks ago by jomc
Did you mean, "male lawyer"? On language translators and gender bias | Privacy SOS
“Dear Doctor” translated to “Querido Doctor,” masculine. “Hairdresser” translated to “peluquero” because, of course, only men are hairdressers. Housekeeper translated to “ama de casa,” which basically means “housewife.”
ai  gender  google  bias  language  translation 
8 weeks ago by jomc
Privacy advocates sound the alarm after Google grabs DeepMind UK health app - The Verge
“At this stage our contracts have not moved to Google and nothing has changed in terms of where the data we process is stored. Nothing changes until Trusts consent and undertake any necessary engagement, including with patients.”
privacy  health  google  ai 
9 weeks ago by jomc
How Facebook Failed To Build A Better Alexa (Or Siri)
The omission points to Facebook’s broader difficulties in turning innovative technology into products
alexa  facebook  voice  ai 
11 weeks ago by jomc
Guest Blogger: Amanda Levendowski - "How can we learn about the AI systems that might be used to surveil us? The federal trademark register has answers" — AI Initiative
It’s impossible for the public to engage in discourse about whether an AI system is fair, accountable, transparent or ethical if we don’t know that an AI system is being used to watch us—or if we don’t know the technology exists at all.
ai  policy  ethics  transparency  accountability 
october 2018 by jomc
A posthumous honor for the man who saved the world - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Stanislav Petrov chose to ignore the Soviet early-warning detection system, which had erroneously indicated five incoming American nuclear missiles. With his decision to ignore algorithms and instead follow his gut instinct, Petrov helped prevent an all-out US-Russia nuclear war,
war  nuclear  soviet  ai  broken 
october 2018 by jomc
The Wall Street Journal on Twitter: "More companies are using tools that deploy artificial intelligence to weed out job applicants based on data like facial micro expressions, or what they share on social media. But is this practice fair?
More companies are using tools that deploy artificial intelligence to weed out job applicants based on data like facial micro expressions, or what they share on social media. But is this practice fair?
ai  ae 
september 2018 by jomc
Leon Rocha グラフィックの男 on Twitter: "🛒🛍️ SUPERMARKETS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, AND ICE CREAM ✊🍨 *EXTREMELY ADAM CURTIS VOICE* 1/ This is a story about a supermarket chain that uses artificial intelligence, and h
The "artificial intelligence and machine learning" platform has historical stock and sales figures, and also has weather forecast built in. So when the system predicts hot weather coming, it automatically orders vast amounts of ice cream and soft drinks. Sounds fair enough?
ai  retail  automation 
september 2018 by jomc
Amir Efrati on Twitter: "Just out: The truth about Waymo..."
Errors in digital maps that Waymo’s vans rely on. Hardware failures or miscalibrations have been common too, including with lidars and cameras. “Shit like that pops up all the time,” said one person who has examined data on this at Waymo
driverless  machine-learning  ai  fail  automotive  waymo 
august 2018 by jomc
The Environment is Not a System | a peer-reviewed journal about_
How else might we think of environments in lieu of the systems metaphor? Tsing offers the concept of assemblage and here I build on her work, understanding environments as open ended assemblages of non-humans, living and nonliving, entangled in ways of life.
ecology  cybernetics  environment  ai 
july 2018 by jomc
IBM Watson Reportedly Recommended Cancer Treatments That Were 'Unsafe and Incorrect'
“This product is a piece of shit,” a doctor at Florida’s Jupiter Hospital said to IBM, according to the documents reviewed by Stat. “We bought it for marketing and with hopes that you would achieve the vision. We can’t use it for most cases.”
ibm  watson  vaporware  ai 
july 2018 by jomc
Artificial Intelligence: Douglas Hofstadter on why AI is far from intelligent — Quartz
Google Translate is not crafted by something that has understanding. The holes in its understanding come out in all sorts of unexpected places. There was a sentence in a German text that said in English, “The maid brought in the soup.” When I looked at the sentence more carefully, Google Translate said, “The maid entered the soup.” It got “maid” correct, but the image and action that was going on there was absolutely unrelated to anything that would really happen in the real world.
ai  translation  meaning  intelligence 
july 2018 by jomc
How Copyright Law Can Fix Artificial Intelligence’s Implicit Bias Problem | UW School of Law
Copyright law limits bias mitigation techniques, such as testing AI through reverse engineering, algorithmic accountability processes, and competing to convert customers. The rules of copyright law also privilege access to certain works over others, encouraging AI creators to use easily available, legally low-risk sources of data for teaching AI, even when those data are demonstrably biased.
copyright  ai  bias 
july 2018 by jomc
Alibaba's new AI can generate 20,000 lines of copy in a second - CNET
Humans will still need to do the job of choosing the best lines from all the machine-generated ones. Overall, the AI will help cut down time spent designing copy to fit posters and web banners.
ai  copywriting  content  bots 
july 2018 by jomc
Self-driving cars are headed toward an AI roadblock - The Verge
Andrew Ng — a former Baidu executive, Drive.AI board member, and one of the industry’s most prominent boosters — argues the problem is less about building a perfect driving system than training bystanders to anticipate self-driving behavior. In other words, we can make roads safe for the cars instead of the other way around.
self-driving  ai  automation  auto  cars  transportation 
july 2018 by jomc
What if people were paid for their data? - Data workers of the world, unite
“artificial intelligence” is something of a misnomer. Messrs Weyl and Posner call it “collective intelligence”: most AI algorithms need to be trained using reams of human-generated examples, in a process called machine learning. Unless they know what the right answers (provided by humans) are meant to be, algorithms cannot translate languages, understand speech or recognise objects in images. Data provided by humans can thus be seen as a form of labour which powers AI
ai  labor  mechanical-turk  wages-for-facebook 
july 2018 by jomc
Meet the Creators of the 'Machine Learning President' Game Co-Opted by the Mercers
On the only night the Machine Learning President had ever been played—at least, as far as its creators knew until The New Yorker revealed today that it had become part of a Mercer ski trip—the players included tech investors and leaders, as well as policymakers. The group of about 40 played it at an invite-only space in San Francisco’s ritzy Marina District, and they were instructed not to talk about the game on social media.
games  ai  simulation  gaming  rpg  futurist 
june 2018 by jomc
How a Pentagon Contract Became an Identity Crisis for Google - The New York Times
The polarized debate about Google and the military may leave out some nuances. Better analysis of drone imagery could reduce civilian casualties by improving operators’ ability to find and recognize terrorists. The Defense Department will hardly abandon its advance into artificial intelligence if Google bows out. And military experts say China and other developed countries are already investing heavily in A.I. for defense.

But skilled technologists who chose Google for its embrace of benign and altruistic goals are appalled that their employer could eventually be associated with more efficient ways to kill.
google  ethics  ai  harm-reduction  defense 
may 2018 by jomc
Google’s AI sounds like a human on the phone — should we be worried? - The Verge
...One effect of AI phone calls might be to make us all a little bit ruder. If we can’t tell the difference between humans and machines on the phone, will we treat all phone conversations with suspicion? We might start cutting off real people during calls, telling them: “Just shut up and let me speak to a human.”
google  ai 
may 2018 by jomc
How can we be sure AI will behave? Perhaps by watching it argue with itself. - MIT Technology Review
Take, for instance, an AI system designed to defend against human or AI hackers. To prevent the system from doing anything harmful or unethical, it may be necessary to challenge it to explain the logic for a particular action. That logic might be too complex for a person to comprehend, so the researchers suggest having another AI debate the wisdom of the action with the first system, using natural language, while the person observes.
machine-learning  ai  adversarial 
may 2018 by jomc
AI will spell the end of capitalism - The Washington Post
If AI remains under the control of market forces, it will inexorably result in a super-rich oligopoly of data billionaires who reap the wealth created by robots that displace human labor, leaving massive unemployment in their wake.

But China’s socialist market economy could provide a solution to this.
china  ai  fascism  capitalism 
may 2018 by jomc
SenseTime: The billion-dollar, Alibaba-backed AI company that's quietly watching everyone in China — Quartz
SenseTime has won awards to back this up. In 2015, the company beat Google and other high-profile tech companies in the ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge (ILSVRC), a major industry competition, in a challenge testing for identifying objects in videos.
china  surveillance  ai  face-detection 
april 2018 by jomc
The Real Danger To Civilization Isn’t AI. It’s Runaway Capitalism
Who pursues their goals with monomaniacal focus, oblivious to the possibility of negative consequences? Who adopts a scorched-earth approach to increasing market share? This hypothetical strawberry-picking AI does what every tech startup wishes it could do.... the question of how to create friendly AI is simply more fun to think about than the problem of industry regulation, just as imagining what you’d do during the zombie apocalypse is more fun than thinking about how to mitigate global warming.
ai  silicon-valley  capitalism  unintended-consequences  ethics 
december 2017 by jomc
Brown / Hasbro team to design smart robotic companions to assist seniors | News from Brown
animatronic dogs and cats designed to provide interactive companionship, comfort and joy for older adults. The research team’s goal is to develop additional capabilities for the ARIES companions to help older adults with simple tasks that could include help in finding lost objects, medication reminders or other tasks that sometimes become challenging, especially those who may have mild dementia.
robots  ai 
november 2017 by jomc
AI Experts Want to End 'Black Box' Algorithms in Government
The AI Now report calls for agencies to refrain from what it calls “black box” systems opaque to outside scrutiny.
ai  machine-learning  government 
october 2017 by jomc
The Seven Deadly Sins of AI Predictions - MIT Technology Review
This is a problem we all have with imagined future technology. If it is far enough away from the technology we have and understand today, then we do not know its limitations. And if it becomes indistinguishable from magic, anything one says about it is no longer falsifiable.

This is a problem I regularly encounter when trying to debate with people about whether we should fear artificial general intelligence, or AGI—the idea that we will build autonomous agents that operate much like beings in the world.
ai  ethics 
october 2017 by jomc
Physicist Max Tegmark Imagines How Artificial Intelligence Could Take Over
Their charismatic CEO had handpicked them not only for being brilliant researchers, but also for ambition, idealism, and a strong commitment to helping humanity. He reminded them that their plan was extremely dangerous, and that if powerful governments found out, they would do virtually anything—including kidnapping—to shut them down or, preferably, to steal their code. But they were all in, 100 percent, for much the same reason that many of the world’s top physicists joined the Manhattan Project to develop nuclear weapons: They were convinced that if they didn’t do it first, someone less idealistic would.
technology  ai  power  labor  fiction 
october 2017 by jomc
Lore on Twitter: "I can’t believe it took me this long to realize that robots don’t use contractions because programmers don’t like escaping single quotes."
I can’t believe it took me this long to realize that robots don’t use contractions because programmers don’t like escaping single quotes.
language  automation  ai 
october 2017 by jomc
The Self Driving Car Whiz Who Fell from Grace | WIRED
However, documents filed with California show that Levandowski is Way of the Future’s CEO and President, and that it aims “through understanding and worship of the Godhead, [to] contribute to the betterment of society.”
ai  singularity  google  self-driving  auto 
september 2017 by jomc
Artificial intelligence pioneer says we need to start over - Axios
Speaking with Axios on the sidelines of an AI conference in Toronto on Wednesday, Hinton, a professor emeritus at the University of Toronto and a Google researcher, said he is now "deeply suspicious" of back-propagation, the workhorse method that underlies most of the advances we are seeing in the AI field today, including the capacity to sort through photos and talk to Siri. "My view is throw it all away and start again," he said.

The bottom line: Other scientists at the conference said back-propagation still has a core role in AI's future. But Hinton said that, to push materially ahead, entirely new methods will probably have to be invented. "Max Planck said, 'Science progresses one funeral at a time.' The future depends on some graduate student who is deeply suspicious of everything I have said.
ai  artificial-intelligence  machine-learning 
september 2017 by jomc
AI expert: Worry more about jobs than killer robots | VentureBeat | AI | by Blair Hanley Frank
“I’ve been in a lot of private conversations with AI leaders, or business leaders who are working on new AI products that will wipe out tens of thousands of jobs in a single company, maybe more across multiple companies,” Ng said. “And the interesting thing is that a lot of people whose jobs are squarely in the crosshairs of the technologies, a lot of people doing the jobs that are about to go away, they don’t understand AI, they don’t have the training to understand AI. And so a lot of people whose jobs are going to go away don’t know that they’re in the crosshairs.”
ai  technological-unemployment 
july 2017 by jomc
Why AI Can’t Write This Article (Yet)
they can’t write a decent screenplay, or pass Schank’s Romeo and Juliet test. For the most part, they can’t reason about cause and effect. They can’t write stirring prose, and they can’t persuade a public official to go on the record about an important policy. Still, there’s plenty they can do. AI may not be able to tell a great story, but it can help us better tell our own.
ai  machine-learning 
july 2017 by jomc
The Real Threat of Artificial Intelligence - The New York Times
Unless they wish to plunge their people into poverty, they will be forced to negotiate with whichever country supplies most of their A.I. software — China or the United States — to essentially become that country’s economic dependent, taking in welfare subsidies in exchange for letting the “parent” nation’s A.I. companies continue to profit from the dependent country’s users.
ai  government 
june 2017 by jomc
The Myth of a Superhuman AI – Backchannel
The costs of creating wetware is huge and the closer that tissue is to human brain tissue, the more cost-efficient it is to just make a human. After all, making a human is something we can do in nine months.
ai  singularity 
may 2017 by jomc
With Neuralink, Elon Musk Promises Human-to-Human Telepathy. Don’t Believe It. - MIT Technology Review
Putting an implant in healthy people? That would require extraordinary evidence of safety. And that’s hard to picture, because as soon as you open someone’s head you put that person’s life at risk....Another thing in favor of Musk’s proposal is that symbiosis between brains and computers isn’t fiction. Remember that person who types with brain signals? Or the paralyzed people who move robot arms? These systems work better when the computer completes people’s thoughts. The subject only needs to type “bulls …”
junk-science  elon-musk  telepathy  ai  neuroscience  wetware  autocomplete  thebook 
april 2017 by jomc
AI Literacy: The basics of machine learning – World Writable
“What are the differences between artificial intelligence, machine learning, neural networks, and deep learning?”
ai  machine-learning  bg 
april 2017 by jomc
Genevieve Bell on bringing more people into the AI conversation - O'Reilly Media
AI doesn't come out of nowhere. It came out of a very particular set of preoccupations and concerns in the 1950s and a very particular set of conversations. We have, in some ways, erased that history such that we forget how it came to be
automation  turning  ai 
december 2016 by jomc
As Artificial Intelligence Evolves, So Does Its Criminal Potential - The New York Times
“The thing people don’t get is that cybercrime is becoming automated and it is scaling exponentially,” said Marc Goodman, a law enforcement agency adviser and the author of “Future Crimes.” ...[Blackshades] which was sold widely in the computer underground, functioned as a “criminal franchise in a box,” Mr. Goodman said. It allowed users without technical skills to deploy computer ransomware or perform video or audio eavesdropping with a mouse click....“computational propaganda” to describe the explosion of deceptive social media campaigns on services like Facebook and Twitter....
“There’s a lot of cleverness in designing social engineering attacks, but as far as I know, nobody has yet started using machine learning to find the highest quality suckers,
automation  crime  ai  hacking  ransomware  computational-propaganda 
october 2016 by jomc
Sam Altman’s Manifest Destiny - The New Yorker
OpenAI was born of Musk’s conviction that an A.I. could wipe us out by accident. The problem of managing powerful systems that lack human values is exemplified by “the paperclip maximizer,” a scenario that the Swedish philosopher Nick Bostrom raised in 2003. If you told an omnicompetent A.I. to manufacture as many paper clips as possible, and gave it no other directives, it could mine all of Earth’s resources to make paper clips, including the atoms in our bodies—assuming it didn’t just kill us outright, to make sure that we didn’t stop it from making more paper clips. ...

“The thing people forget about human babies is that they take years to learn anything interesting..“If A.I. researchers were developing an algorithm and stumbled across the one for a human baby, they’d get bored watching it, decide it wasn’t working, and shut it down.”
silicon-valley  ai  singularity  hal  robots 
october 2016 by jomc
Bernie - Your Personal Matchmaker A.I.
Bernie is your personal matchmaker assistant. Be free to meet the people you personally find attractive, through your favorite online dating sites. Bernie uses the latest advancements in machine learning and natural language processing to learn your "type" of partner, and ensures the interest is mutual.
tinder  face-detection  dating  machine-learning  ai 
june 2016 by jomc
The Doomsday Invention - The New Yorker
Bostrom dates the first scientific analysis of existential risk to the Manhattan Project: in 1942, Robert Oppenheimer became concerned that an atomic detonation of sufficient power could cause the entire atmosphere to ignite. A subsequent study concluded that the scenario was “unreasonable,” given the limitations of the weapons then in development. But even if the great nuclear nightmares of the Cold War did not come true, the tools were there to cause destruction on a scale not previously possible. As innovations grow even more complex, it is increasingly difficult to evaluate the dangers ahead. The answers must be fraught with ambiguity, because they can be derived only by predicting the effects of technologies that exist mostly as theories or, even more indirectly, by using abstract reasoning.
singularity  ai 
january 2016 by jomc
CIA Releases Analyst's Fascinating Tale of Cracking the Kryptos Sculpture | Threat Level |
Only his CIA colleagues knew about his achievement at the time, however, because he wasn’t allowed to go public with the news. A year later, California computer scientist Jim Gillogly stole the spotlight when he announced that he’d cracked the same three messages, only he used a Pentium II to do it.

In 1999, Stein wrote a fascinating account of how he cracked the messages. The suspenseful 11-page tale, which appeared in the CIA’s classified journal Studies in Intelligence, is one of perseverance and pluck, not unlike the epic story of Captain Ahab pursuing Moby Dick (Stein himself references the literary tale in his entertaining piece).

This week, the National Security Archive published the now-unclassified document after receiving it from the CIA. Though the article has been published publicly before, it’s never been widely disseminated.
ai  codebreaking  crpyo 
june 2013 by jomc

related tags

accountability  adversarial  ae  ai  alexa  algorithms  art  artificial-intelligence  auto  autocomplete  automation  automotive  bg  bias  biggan  bookfuturism  books  bots  broken  capitalism  cars  china  clickbait  codebreaking  computational-propaganda  content  copyright  copywriting  corpus  creepy  crime  crpyo  customer-service  cybernetics  data  dating  debiasing  deepfakes  DeepMind  defense  driverless  drones  ecology  elon-musk  energy  environment  ethics  face-detection  facebook  fail  fake  faking  fascism  fiction  film  forensics  futurist  games  gaming  gan  gans  gatekeepers  gender  generative  google  government  hacking  hal  harm-reduction  health  hype  ibm  image-processing  images  intelligence  junk-science  labor  language  machine-learning  markov  meaning  mechanical-turk  media  military  mistakes  neural-networks  neuroscience  nuclear  photography  policy  power  privacy  ransomware  recommendation-systems  research  retail  robots  rpg  self-driving  silicon-valley  simulation  singularity  soviet  surveillance  syllabus  taste  technological-unemployment  technology  telepathy  text  thebook  tinder  translation  transparency  transportation  turning  unintended-consequences  vaporware  voice  wages-for-facebook  war  watson  waymo  wetware  workingon  wtf 

Copy this bookmark: