elizrael + saa   578

التجنيد الإجباري يُلاحق شباب "زاكية" في ريف دمشق. - صوت العاصمة - نبض دمشق
وأكدت مصادر أهلية لـ “صوت العاصمة” أن عدد المُعتقلين تجاوز 5 شبان تم سوقهم للتجنيد الإجباري، مع توارد أنباء تُفيد بوصول قوائم جديدة تحمل أسماء مطلوبين للخدمتين الإلزامية والاحتياطية.
recruitment  SAA  Mar15  Damascus 
25 days ago by elizrael
Reconciled Militants Included in Three Military Formations in Daraa  - Enab Baladi, Oct 20, 2018
One of the pro-regime military bodies into which locals are being drafted is the “4th Division”, which has promised recruits that service will be restricted to Syria’s southern region, unlike the Syrian Army’s regular service.

The “5th Corps” has experienced a substantial amount of enrollment among locals from the al-Badiya region. However, the refusal of militants from Daraa’s western region to join the regime’s ranks – and the militants’ consequent transferal to Idlib Governorate – has meant that some of the “5th Corps” western units have disbanded, with units remaining primarily in the east.
There is also the case of factions appearing over recent weeks in Daraa’s eastern region which are affiliated to the Lebanese “Hizbullah” organisation, according to Enab Baladi’s correspondent. These factions are reportedly offering recruitment incentives to local militants, including the possibility of remaining stationed in the governorate. The factions are also offering financial incentives, such as double the salary which the 4th Division and 5th Corps are providing.
Hizbollah  Mar15  Daraa  Quneitra  SAA  Reconciliation  recruitment 
29 days ago by elizrael
Regime Makes Proposal of Military Service to Young Men in Suweida - Sweidaa 24, Oct 15, 2018
A delegation of regime officers, headed by Brigadier General Bassam al-Arbeed, attended and during the meeting with the province’s notables presented a proposal to those who had not performed military service, which was that they perform their service solely within the First Corps.

The proposal requires those who perform the service to take a place in the Corps’ battles, without distinguishing between which area they are mobilized to. The First Corps is deployed in the provinces of Daraa, Quneitra, Suweida, Damascus and its countryside.
Mar15  Sweida  SAA  recruitment  defectors 
4 weeks ago by elizrael
Corruption Swallows Heavy Weapons Factory in Mesyaf - Zaman al-Wasl, Oct 17, 2018
The source attributed the successive losses to the factory’s failure to produce any kind of heavy or light weapons that reached the required safety standards to the accumulation of debt by the factory, and the borrowing from the public debt fund to pay the salaries of its employees.
SAA  corruption  manufacturing  Mar15 
4 weeks ago by elizrael
Assad's exhausted army in need of reinforcements as Idlib battle looms
A female student in Damascus said that 70% of her year group of 300 failed their exams this summer, many of them on purpose, in order to delay military service. The usual amnesty period to resit the year was scrapped without notice, however, and now her male friends are at risk of being drafted.
education  academia  SAA  recruitment  Mar15 
5 weeks ago by elizrael
Syrian army preparing phased Idlib assault - source | Reuters, Aug 29, 2018
The offensive would initially target southern and western parts of the insurgent territory, but not yet Idlib city, said the source, an official in the regional alliance backing Assad.
Idlib  SAA  Mar15 
6 weeks ago by elizrael
الرقة: شتات بين ضفتي الفرات... والحواجز بينهما «منشار» - al-Akhbar, July 16, 2018
حُرم أهالي الرقة من السفر والتنقل لسنوات، وحين ظنّوا أن في وسعهم التنقل بحرية بعد اندحار «داعش»، وجدوا أنفسهم أمام نوع جديد من الاستغلال، إذ يجب على الراغبين في الانتقال بين شطري محافظتهم، عبر الفرات، دفع «خوّة» للحواجز، تؤخذ منهم على شكل «رسوم جمركية» تارة، و«سلبطة» تارة أخرى
Raqqa  FreedomOfMovement  Mar15  SAA  SDF  corruption 
august 2018 by elizrael
Assad’s Army and Intelligence Services: Feudalization or Structurization? - Russian Council, March 13, 2018
Worthy of separate note is the Fifth Corps of Volunteers, an autonomous military structure that was created with the direct participation of Russian military advisers. According to some reports, the corps itself is also led by Russian generals. The corps can hardly be regarded as a regular military formation. It consists of various subdivisions made up of volunteers and is financed by a number of non-government sources. It also contains certain pro-government Syrian forces that existed before the corps was set up, including those financed by private individuals (the “Sea Commandos”) or set up with the participation of Iran and Lebanon’s Hezbollah (Liwa Dir’ al-Watan). At the same time, the inclusion of defectors and objectors from among the Sunni population in the Fifth Corps was apparently supposed to break the stereotype about the sectarian foundation of the pro-government forces and the auxiliary nature of the Sunnis’ participation in the war. However, the experiment has yet to bear fruit. The most combat-ready units of the Fifth Corps – the so-called ISIS Hunters – are again “sectarian militias” (as far as Syria’s Sunni majority is concerned). Such groups are made up primarily of Syrian Christians and Alawites (for example, the aforementioned “Sea Commandos”) or Shiites (Liwa Dir’ al-Watan, with the participation of Lebanese fighters). Work of this kind is likely to continue: according to some reports, work on the establishment of a 6th Corps is already under way.

At present, the Syrian intelligence services do not seem to have an analogue anywhere in the Middle East. Four independent security structures operate within the Syrian Arab Army. These structures are divided into “military,” which includes military intelligence and aerial reconnaissance (Air Force reconnaissance) and “political” (civilian units formally subordinate to the Interior Ministry), which includes the main security department and the department for managing political security. All of these structures answer directly to the president. However, the system of intelligence services in Syria reflects the complexity of relations and confrontations among various groups of influence in the country’s ruling elite. The system is constructed in such a way that the individual intelligence services effectively work against each other, which makes it impossible for any single “branch” to become significantly stronger than the others.
SAA  militia  NDF  LDF  Intelligence_community  Mar15 
august 2018 by elizrael
Assad’s Forces Raid Lajat Despite “Reconciliation” - al-Souria, Aug 8, 2018
He said that regime forces attacked women, stole gold and looted the homes of many civilians, in a clear breach of the agreement which Russia oversaw.

On Saturday, regime forces arrested 80 people from the eastern Daraa countryside after entering the area, in accordance with the reconciliation agreement. The Syrian Network for Human Rights said that regime forces arrested civilians during the raids in the Lajat area. It added that those arrested were taken to an unknown location.
Mar15  arrest  Reconciliation  Daraa  Looting  SAA 
august 2018 by elizrael
النظام يغدر بالشباب في ريف حمص الشمالي.. ويخرق اتفاق "التهجير" | الدرر الشامية - July 15, 2018
وأفادت مصادر محلية، بأن شرطة النظام بدأت بتبليغات ميدانية للشبان الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 19 و26 سنة في مدينة الرستن وغيرها، تطلب منهم مراجعة "شعبة التجنيد" في مدينة حمص.
Homs  Reconciliation  recruitment  SAA  Mar15 
august 2018 by elizrael
Joining the Enemy: How the Syrian Regime Reintegrates Former Rebel Fighters: Syria From Within | Chatham House, July 2018
Despite the knowledge that the service within the auxiliary forces will likely be more dangerous than other options (such as joining local police services), the majority of former rebel militants who did not leave their areas after regime takeover have joined such pro-regime forces. The main driver behind that seems to be the higher salaries the auxiliary forces provide compared to official armed forces such as the army and local police. It was reported that the majority of armed opposition combatants remaining in the city of al-Tall in rural Damascus had decided to join an NDF group called Qalamoun Shield.

There is no strict formula or rules of procedure for the transition from rebel to the auxiliary forces, but new recruits are usually sent for a brief training after contracts and starting dates are finalized. On many occasions, such training involves a three to seven-day political reorientation program, medical checks and skills evaluation. The process then ends with the recruits assigned to a unit or a group.

Notably, the majority of formal opposition combatants have been co-opted on an individual basis after their groups were disbanded. Nonetheless, on rare occasions, former rebel groups continue to operate in the same area and under the same commander. The only changes they have had to accept were renaming the group and switching their allegiance.
Mar15  police  FSA  NDF  rebels  SAA  militia 
july 2018 by elizrael
Russia's Favorite Syrian Warlord - The Atlantic, Mar 3, 2018
On several occasions, the Russian military has acknowledged training and equipping what it has called “detachments” operating under Hassan’s command. These groups, like the Tiger Forces and the 4th and 5th Volunteer Assault Corps, are effectively paramilitary groups attached to regime forces. There are also reports that Russia pays the salaries of these Syrian militia-like formations. Still, Russia has pointed to its support for Hassan and his forces to make two claims: That the Russian army and its local partners defeated the Islamic State in Syria, and that Russian forces, unlike the U.S. military and others, are working with Syria’s legitimate government troops rather than militias or mercenaries.

The Russian military and state media, meanwhile, seem to have an unlimited appetite for the Tiger’s exploits. Press releases and stories have described him as “one of Syria’s most renowned military commanders,” and have depicted his Tiger Forces as invincible. In the summer of 2017, for instance, Russian Ka-52 helicopters conducted a night-time air raid on an isis target in the province of Deir Ezzour, clearing the way for Hassan’s Tiger Force to follow with a ground assault. Russia’s defense ministry called this “a virtuosic tactical landing operation behind militants’ lines,” while also noting that Russian military advisers controlled the operation.

Moscow has openly embraced Hassan. Gerasimov awarded him with a sword during a ceremony at Hmeimim for his apparent “valor” in the operation. (A year earlier, he had been given one of the Russian army’s highest medals.) Aside from Assad, who holds the military rank of field marshal and is Syria’s commander-in-chief, Hassan was the only Syrian military commander to attend a meeting with Putin at Hmeimim base last December to mark the defeat of isis. “Your Russian colleagues told me that you and your men fight incisively, courageously and in a results-oriented way,” Putin told Hassan in Russian, according to footage broadcast by RT. “I hope this cooperation will allow us to achieve more success going forward.” Hassan, seated across from Putin, put his hand on his heart and nodded with gratitude.
Russia  WarCrimes  SAA  Intelligence_community  Mar15  aid 
july 2018 by elizrael
Testing the Limits of Syrian Loyalty | International Review, Dec 20, 2017
uring a 155-day period, 155 men from Jableh and the surrounding countryside were reported killed in action. Using Kyle Orton’s population estimates,11. the reported population of 53,989 for Jableh in 2004,12. and the age structure of the Syrian population,13. I estimate that in 2017 Jableh has lost nearly 1.5 percent of its pre-war male population aged 15-54. If this rate continues through the end of 2017, as much as 2 percent of Jableh’s 2010 fighting age males will have died. However, it should be noted that martyrdom posts are hardly inclusive, as poor and low-ranking fighters are often left out, with no family to share the news of their death. The mortality rate is only expected to be higher in reality.

Besides the demographic crisis, the growing economic and structural disaster plaguing the coast is only increasing resentment among these core loyalist communities. While the Minister of Finance has attempted to assure Syrians that there is a plan to boost the country’s flagging economy,19. residents of Jableh took to Facebook in a now-removed post to 20. ridicule Mr. Hamdan’s statements with comments such as “thousands of terrorists were killed and the government couldn’t eliminate one problem in the citizen’s life.” Local Jableh Facebook pages have recently complained about severe water and fuel shortages while another pro-government page claimed that water is deliberately being prevented from reaching coastal cities.
Alawite  Lattakia  economy  SAA  NDF  death  Mar15 
july 2018 by elizrael
Saraya al-Muqawama: Latakia Local Defence Forces Affiliate :: Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi, April 5, 2018
Like other auxiliary formations, Saraya al-Muqawama offers recruitment opportunities with the opportunity to connect via phone numbers. The particular focus is on those wanted for military service, whether they have evaded conscription/call for reserve service or have deserted the armed forces. The LDF affiliation of Saraya al-Muqawama is advantageous in this case because, thanks to administrative measures passed last year, the LDF can offer taswiyat al-wad' for such people and their service in the LDF will be considered as their military/reserve service. As Kamal Fayadh wrote in a warning against those who falsely claim they can undertake taswiyat al-wad' and other promises in exchange for money:

In short, Saraya al-Muqawama matches other LDF formations in being on the registers of the Syrian armed forces and working with the IRGC.
LDF  NDF  militia  Lattakia  Mar15  SAA  IranianProxy 
july 2018 by elizrael
Companies Smuggle People Internally Between Damascus and Idleb - Syrian Observer
With residents of eastern Ghouta and south of Damascus leaving and Assad’s forces taking control of these areas, demand for these trips has increased, raising the prices for residents to 250,000 pounds per person.
refugees  Damascus  Idlib  Turkey  SAA  recruitment  Mar15  smuggling 
july 2018 by elizrael
The Swaidaa Attacks - Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi, July 27,2018
Q: Did the Syrian Arab Army arrive to the fighting fronts to resist the Da'eshi attack?

A: The army did not intervene in the battle at all but contingents arrived after the battle ended, putting in place some observation points.
ISIS  NDF  Mar15  Sweida  militia  SAA  Druze 
july 2018 by elizrael
ميليشيا درع القلمون انتهت وقائدها مطلوب للخدمة الاحتياطية. - صوت العاصمة - نبض دمشق
انتهت الفرقة الثالثة في جيش النظام، والتي تُسيطر عليها قوات روسية بشكل مُباشر، من مهمة حل ميليشيا “درع القلمون” العاملة ضمن مدن وبلدات القلمون الشرقي والغربي، وضم كافة عناصرها وقاداتها الميدانيين إلى ملاك الفرقة، من المطلوبين منهم للتجنيد الإجباري، وإعطاء الحرية للمدنيين الغير مطلوبين للخدمة للعودة إلى حياتهم أو الذهاب للتطوع في الجيش النظامي بشكل رسمي.
SAA  NDF  Mar15  militia  Reconciliation 
july 2018 by elizrael
Leader of Iranian-backed Shia militia seen inside Syrian military ops room - Long War Journal, July 5,2018
According to Liwa Zulfiqar’s Facebook page, Jubouri is seen sitting with various Syrian military officers and other commanders who are coordinating with forces on the front lines. The operations room reportedly belongs to Syria’s 4th Division, as Ghaith Dalla, the commander of the division, can be seen at the head of the table.
Mar15  IranianProxy  Daraa  SAA 
july 2018 by elizrael
خاص: حل الميليشيات في برزة وعش الورور وضاحية الأسد وضمها للجيش النظامي. - صوت العاصمة - نبض دمشق June 9, 2018
وأكدت مصادر “صوت العاصمة” أن تلك الأوامر تشمل ميليشيات الدفاع الوطني واللجان المحلية وكتائب البعث، وكافة الميليشيات المتعاقدة مع قطع الجيش والأفرع الأمنية في منطقتي عش الورور وضاحية الأسد، بهدف حل الميليشيات الموالية وضمها بالكامل للجيش النظامي.

وقال مراسلنا في حي برزة، أن قرابة 700 شاب من أبناء الحي وأبناء الغوطة الشرقية ومناطق أخرى، تم إعطائهم مهلة وإجازة حتى انتهاء عيد الفطر ليلتحقوا في الجيش النظامي مُباشرة عبر شعب التجنيد، كلٌ منهم حسب نفوسه، وأن من يتخلف عن الالتحاق سيُعامل مُعاملة الفار من الجيش وسيتم ملاحقته أمنياً.

وتنتشر في حي برزة قرابة 7 ميليشيات، منها محلية، وأخرى ذات تمويل أجنبي إيراني، وهي الدفاع الوطني والحرس الثوري وميليشيات زينبيون وفاطميون، وميليشيات تابعة للحرس الجمهوري وأخرى للمخابرات الجوية.
Mar15  Damascus  NDF  militia  Reconciliation  SAA 
june 2018 by elizrael
A Syria Policy for Trump | Foreign Affairs, Nov 28, 2016
The rapid growth of JFS in the northwest has caused many, including Secretary of State John Kerry, to advocate for a deal involving synchronized U.S.–Russian air strikes against the group, which if carried out would seem to benefit Assad. But his regime is now estimated to have only about 20,000–25,000 deployable troops. That is enough to surround east Aleppo and some rebel-held suburbs of Damascus, but only with help from Hezbollah and other Shiite militiamen from Afghanistan and Iraq. To pursue its siege-and-starve strategy elsewhere in Syria, the regime will need to import more Shiite fighters from abroad. These militias, however, are often poorly trained and have trouble operating in the rural Sunni parts of Syria.
Mar15  Russia  SAA 
june 2018 by elizrael
Regime Soldiers Beaten by Russia Military Police Over Looting - Zaman al-Wasl, May 16, 2018
Regime soldiers were also beaten by the Russian military police who also urged people in the towns of Yalda, Babila and Beit Sahm to inform them directly about any acts of looting by regime soldiers.
Russia  Mar15  Damascus  Looting  SAA 
june 2018 by elizrael
Officers Describe Russian Forces as an Occupation After the Arrest of Looters - Al-Souria Net, May 29, 2018
The discontent has been reflected in messages left on the official Facebook page for the “Central Channel for the Hemeimeem Base” as well as comments and posts that have been circulated on local loyalist networks, through which regime officers and fighters have expressed their discontent at what they described as “an insult to military people and the prestige of the Syrian state.”

Messages that were sent to the page’s inbox were published, and included condemnation of the incident. Some went as far as to describe the Russian presence as an occupation. It was noted that the messages were sent by regime loyalists and officers.

In one of the messages, from a first lieutenant in the regime’s forces, he attacked Russian forces and blamed them for supporting terrorists in Syria, and described them as an occupation that aimed to take control of Syria’s riches.

The messages were not limited to insults. Some regime soldiers and local residents conveyed gratitude to the Russian forces, expressing their thanks and emphasising the need to fight the phenomenon of ta’afeesh.
Looting  SAA  Mar15  Russia  ForeignFighters 
may 2018 by elizrael
After eight years of military service, one Syrian soldier prepares for a long-awaited return to ‘normal life’ - Syria Direct
I really benefited from military life. Now, I can take on anything that I might face in life, no matter how difficult and hard, since I faced many difficult situations while serving and learned from them. I can shoulder any responsibility, no matter how large. The army taught me a lot, and I learned from the guys who were with me, who were from different cultures and provinces.

Don’t forget that I’m really proud of what I achieved. We served the country for a very long time, and we sacrificed a lot from our lives. This is something that my family and I—and my future children—can be proud of. This pride helps me to move past the difficulties and hard times, and to forget the years of my life that I lost.
SAA  Mar15  recruitment 
may 2018 by elizrael
Syrian Air Force bans Iranians from using airports hangars: source | SYRIA NEWS | ZAMAN ALWSL
Syrian Air Forces banned the Iranian forces and allied Shiite militias from using its facilities and hangars in most of its military airbases, such a move followed a series of Israeli strikes in the last few weeks amid rising tensions between Iran and Israel, well-informed source told Zaman al-Wasl.
Russia  Mar15  Iran  SAA  leak  unnamed_official 
may 2018 by elizrael
Government forces in Douma city arrest dozens of young men wanted for military service, residents say - Syria Direct
Nonetheless, a handful of Douma residents—all requesting to be identified by pseudonyms—told Syria Direct on Thursday that Syrian government forces at military checkpoints across the city began to detain young men wanted for military service on Tuesday.

Three buses carrying “dozens” of young men later departed Douma for an unknown destination, pro-opposition media reported. Two residents estimated that 150 men were taken on Tuesday. Syria Direct could not independently verify the claims.
Mar15  SAA  arrest  recruitment 
may 2018 by elizrael
SyrianObserver.com: Regime Forms Militia East of Raqqa - What Are Its Aims and What About the SDF?
The "Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently" page said that the new militia is part of the Syrian regime's Fifth Corps and is funded by Iran, and that its base will be in the town of Rawz Shamar in the eastern Raqqa countryside.

It said that the regime had appointed Walid al-Shamari to head this militia, which works to “encourage residents to join the militia by offering funds, taking advantage of the severe need prevailing in the area.”

He said that the regime’s opportunities for success in Raqqa are large because the majority of Raqqa’s residents stand against the SDF and its policies in Raqqa, pointing to the presence of popular frustration in the city.
Raqqa  Mar15  tribes  PYD  militia  SAA  NDF 
march 2018 by elizrael
Regime Orders 700 Teachers in Hassakeh to Join Army - Zaman al-Wasl, Mar 1, 2018
One of the teachers, who refused to mention his name, said about 700 teachers will be sacked from the Education Ministry unless they join the army as reservists in Hassakeh and Qamishli cities.
Mar15  SAA  Hassakeh  recruitment  PublicSector  education 
march 2018 by elizrael
Assad Loyalists Accuse Govt Ministries of Treason Over Loss of Vehicles Administration - Enab Baladi, Jan 4, 2018
This pushed regime loyalists to accuse members of the peace settlements of “treachery and falsehood,” saying that the decisions of their commanders were wrong and their disastrous results had led the fighters in the Vehicles Administration to pay the price of this error.

They blamed the National Reconciliation Ministry, which was behind many of the fighters from the formerly opposition areas joining Assad’s forces.

The war on social media took place in comments published on Facebook between accusations of treachery and opposition members taking pleasure in the regime’s loss of the area, which was forfeited for the first time since the outbreak of the revolution in early 2011.
Mar15  SAA  Reconciliation  militia  Damascus  social_media 
january 2018 by elizrael
Умеренная оппозиция предприняла рейд на Дамаск | Независимая газета, Mar 21, 2017
После подрыва фугасов, а также начиненных взрывчаткой и управляемых смертниками двух автомобилей, исламисты начали атаку. Фактор внезапности на этот раз им не помог -солдаты национальной гвардии не дрогнули, хотя и понесли большие потери.

Приведенные факты трудно ставить в вину российским военным советникам. По их свидетельству, нежелание сирийцев действовать оперативно, сопровождающееся словом «букра» (араб. – завтра), преодолеть практически невозможно. Заставить провести тщательную разведку местности на предмет обнаружения тоннелей – это из разряда фантастики.

О чем можно говорить, если даже в ходе боевых действий бойцы зачастую самовольно покидают позиции. Командиры также весьма вольно понимают, что такое воинская дисциплина и необходимость выполнения боевой задачи. Такое же отношение у сирийцев к регламентному обслуживанию техники и вооружения, отчего все быстро изнашивается. Работа служб тыла в Сирийской арабской армии (САА) - вообще отдельная тема.

И мало того, что советнику надо учить подопечных всему, делать это приходится весьма осторожно, тактично указывая на недостатки. При этом надо учесть, что группа военных советников в Сирии работает на всех уровнях структуры вооруженных сил - и в штабах, и в службах обеспечения, и в войсках.
SAA  Russia  Mar15  Damascus  ForeignFighters 
january 2018 by elizrael
Military Reserve Business Thrives in Syrian Coast | SyriaUntold, Oct 25, 2017
He became wanted, with his name circulated across all checkpoints, patrols and police stations. “Because I am only eligible for a non-combat military duty, as I have a chronic skin condition, I’d been able to get exempted from the reserves after paying nearly $10,000 through relevant [corruption] networks.”

Real and Forged Health Exemptions
Mar15  SAA  recruitment  corruption  Lattakia 
december 2017 by elizrael
The Displaced People's Return to Deir ez-Zor is a Dream so Far Away - Enab Baladi, Dec 25, 2017
Different local sources confirmed to Enab Baladi that “no reconstruction process has been implemented. The work which has been so far done by the municipality, in November, is limited to cleaning some of the streets in the neighborhoods of al – Qosoor and al-Joura.”

According to the testimonies of some of the people who have been interviewed by Enab Baladi in al-Joura neighborhood, every day, the regime’s soldiers transport objects from the neighborhoods which they are controlling; “some of the objects are taken to the governorates of al-Hasakah and Damascus.”

The city’s people confirm that they are still banned from entering the neighborhoods which were out of the regime’s control unless they get a security license which allows them to pass through the checkpoints distributed throughout the city, amidst a total absence of basic services, especially water and electricity.
DeirEzZor  Mar15  reconstruction  IDPs  Looting  SAA 
december 2017 by elizrael
All the President’s Militias: Assad’s Militiafication of Syria | Middle East Institute, Dec 14, 2017
No new info

Take, for example, the National Defense Forces (N.D.F.), a pro-Assad umbrella force formed by the regime with Iranian training and funding. Despite being arms of regime power and manned almost entirely by local Syrians, N.D.F. formations have clashed with the S.A.A. and other government forces on numerous occasions. Allegations of corruption and malpractice have often been at the center of such inter-factional incidents. In April 2015, for example, the S.A.A. clashed with the N.D.F. in al-Zahraa in Homs after reports emerged that the N.D.F. affiliate there had been engaged in kidnapping, extortion, and other criminal behavior against the local population. The clashes left forces dead on both sides. Again in early-2016, there were reports of government clashes with the N.D.F. after government forces entered northern Homs to check N.D.F. influence in the region. In December 2016 in Deir Ezzor, infighting erupted between the group and military guards over a dispute regarding access to a government-controlled military hospital. The N.D.F. has even sparred with other militias loyal to the regime, such as the Lebanese Hezbollah in the Qalamoun.
Mar15  NDF  IranianProxy  Iran  Russia  militia  SAA  internal_struggle 
december 2017 by elizrael
‘No such thing as finished’: Residents of north Damascus suburb stay close to home after reconciliation amid fears of arrest, conscription - Syria Direct, Nov 9, 2017
In Quneitra, a-Shami struck a deal with his commander, to whom he pays a flat fee of SP50,000, or roughly $100, per month to avoid military service altogether. Now, he is able to live once more with his family in a-Tal.

But still, a-Shami says he does not feel safe in public and rarely leaves his home, he told Syria Direct.

“I can’t leave,” he said. “I can’t pass through any checkpoints or be seen by police patrols—they could take me back.”

Today, regime checkpoints still surround the northern Damascus suburb, regulating movement in and out. The rebel fighters—some aligned with the FSA, others with former Al-Qaeda affiliate Jabhat Fatah a-Sham—that once patrolled the streets have been replaced by regime soldiers and members of the pro-government Qalamoun Shield militia.

When the reconciliation deal was reached last year, one sticking point for local negotiators and residents was the clause that stipulated “no person would be arrested for conscription, the army reserves or by the security branches,” Ahmad Bayanouni, a member of a-Tal’s Local Coordination Committee, told Syria Direct from the suburb. “Everyone had a period of six months to resolve any outstanding legal issues.”

But almost a year since the deal, Bayanouni and two local residents of a-Tal told Syria Direct that they are still not able to move freely in the north Damascus suburb amidst near daily reports of arrest and conscription by regime forces in the area.

“The regime promised that those evading military service had six months to enlist,” local council member Bayanouni told Syria Direct, “and they would not be sent to the fronts.”

But the three residents that Syria Direct spoke to for this report all said that regime security forces began to arbitrarily arrest and conscript civilians immediately after rebel forces evacuated the suburb.

“As soon as they got the chance, they began to send them to the frontlines in Deir e-Zor and northern Hama,” Bayanouni told Syria Direct.

The regime also reneged on their promise that security forces would not call up members of the army reserves or draft men who had completed their service, said Bayanouni.

Even for residents who fulfilled the obligatory two years in the armed forces or those exempted from service, he said, “there’s no such thing as being finished.”
Reconciliation  hidden  Mar15  corruption  recruitment  SAA  Damascus 
december 2017 by elizrael
Endless Military Service Pushes Desperate Couples to Claim Fake Births - Enab Baladi, Dec 22, 2017
As the engagement period grew longer, Reem’s parents began to complain and asked that the marriage be completed quickly “to quiet people’s tongues.” Along with her husband, she began to obtain the necessary marriage documents in the court. One of the papers required was the marriage license from the conscription directorate. When her fiance went to obtain it, the authorities refused to grant his license. A lawyer advised him to submit a claim establishing the marriage instead, as it does not require a statement from the conscription directorate.

But to validate the marriage the couple had to prove the marriage had occurred and that there was a pregnancy, which needed to be established by a medical report indicating that Reem was pregnant or had given birth. When they could not obtain a medical report, the lawyer recommended claiming there was a newborn and giving him a name, and this is what happened. And so a ruling was issued from the judge to validate the marriage.
Mar15  marriage  SAA  recruitment 
december 2017 by elizrael
Sexual Harassment in Idelb – Under Regme Control and After Liberation - Ain Al-Madina, Sep 26, 2017
Umm Abdullah, 38, an employee in an aid organization in Idleb city, told Ain al-Medina: “Harassment was widespread in the days of the regime, and I was forced to walk in empty alleys and avoid main roads because of the Popular Committees and the soldiers at the checkpoint who would not leave someone walking alone with having to listen to a few words, and sometimes the situation would develop into more than words. But all this disappeared with the liberation and entry of the revolutionaries into the city.”
Mar15  sexual_harassment  SAA  Idlib  female  rape 
december 2017 by elizrael
مجدداً: النظام يرسل تعزيزات عسكرية إلى ريف درعا الشمالي - hal, Dec 8, 2017
وقال أنور جباوي (أحد شهود العيان من المنطقة)، لموقع الحل، إنه “بعد منتصف ليلة أمس شوهد على الأوتوستراد الدولي رتل عسكري لقوات النظام مؤلف من سيارات عسكرية وعدد من الآليات الثقيلة، حيث دخل قسم من هذا الرتل لداخل اللواء 34 في بلدة مسمة، في حين تابع قسم من الرتل طريقه باتجاه بلدة جباب (الخاضعة لسيطرة النظام) بريف درعا الشمالي”.

وكانت تعزيزات مماثلة لقوات النظام السوري مدعومة بقوات #حزب_الله اللبناني، قد وصلت قبل أيام لبلدة جدية (الخاضعة لسيطرة النظام) بريف درعا الشمالي، بعد تصاعد الحديث عن نية قوات النظام شن هجوم عسكري من عدة محاور في محافظة درعا.
Mar15  SAA  Hizbollah  Daraa 
december 2017 by elizrael
المدن - تعزيزات عسكرية لـ"حزب الله" إلى درعا Nov 29, 2017
وشملت التعزيزات دبابات وعربات مدرعة، وسيارات دفع رباعي، وعناصر من مليشيا "حزب الله" اللبنانية. واتخذ العناصر من الكتيبة مقراً لهم، وبدأوا بتشييد سواتر هجومية ستستخدم على اﻷرجح، كنقاط انطلاق باتجاه بلدتي أم العوسج وزمرين المجاورتين، والتابعتين للمعارضة.

مصدر عسكري قال لـ"المدن" إن التعزيزات وصلت منذ أسبوع إلى المنطقة، وبدأت تجهيز مرابض مدفعية بالقرب من تل غرين، وإزالة السواتر بين تلة خسفين وبلدة كفرشمس. وأضاف المصدر أن التحركات تشير إلى بدء معركة، من المرجح أن يكون تل الحارة، أعلى التلال في المنطقة، هدفاً لها. وتوقع المصدر أن تبدأ المليشيات المعركة قبل نهاية العام 2016.
Daraa  Mar15  Hizbollah  SAA 
december 2017 by elizrael
"جيش عشائر" جديد رديف للنظام السوري في درعا - عنب بلدي Dec 4, 2017
ونوه قائد “جيش العشائر” الجديد إلى أنه يمكن لأي شخص متخلف عن أداء الخدمة العسكرية، أو كل من يريد تسليم نفسه الانتساب  إلى التشكيل، مضيفًا أن خدمته العسكرية ستكون في المحافظة أو قراها.

وأكد مراسل عنب بلدي أن أعداد من سلموا أنفسهم قليلة جدًا، وليس كما تتكلم الوسائل التابعة للنظام كما أن معظمهم من المدنيين وليسوا مقاتلين أو قادة ميلشيات.
Mar15  FSA  defectors  militia  NDF  SAA  Daraa 
december 2017 by elizrael
Decay of Regime Education System Pushes Families Toward Expensive Private Schools - Souratna, Nov 8, 2017
“Schools have become security branches and students are on the way to becoming thugs,” said Damascus resident Mohamad al-Abboud (not his real name), who expressed his discontent over the emergence of a video clip showing a student falling from the third floor of his school while trying to raise the Assad flag. In the video, the child can be heard crying to his classmates: “God protect the army.”

“Regime schools are now in a state of chaos and a moral breakdown, the staff does not comply with its work, and a room of instruction has become a place of amusement,” he said, adding: “When we ask as parents about the reason for the shortcoming and the decline in the educational level for children, the answer is, ‘the country is full of private schools.’”

Abboud said: “I registered my son in a regime school in the Al-Zahara district but at the school he learned many foul words and aggressive behaviors.” The father claimed that teachers are turning their classes into forums to praise their love of the army, the nation and the leader, President Bashar al-Assad.
education  indoctrination  Mar15  SAA 
november 2017 by elizrael
‘We’re staying out of it’: Syrian Arab Army soldiers in Suwayda defy military command - Syria Direct, Oct 3, 2017
Abu Sari and the other soldiers from Suwayda turned to the Sheikhs of Reason—an influential group of Druze spiritual leaders with close connections to the Syrian regime—for help. The order has since been cancelled, he tells Syria Direct this week.
Sweida  SAA  Mar15  clergy  Druze  defectors 
october 2017 by elizrael
Assad Regime Executing Civilians in Deir-ez-Zor: Activists, Oct 18, 2017
Media activists said that government forces have carried out summary executions of a number of civilians in the province, including Ibrahim Khalaf al-Hadrous and Ali Suleiman Dabbal, who were killed in the town of Boqras on Tuesday. Regime forces also rounded up dozens of civilians inside a nearby house on charges of belonging to ISIS, the DeirEzzor24 website added.

DeirEzzor24, an independent media campaign which documents violations against civilians in Deir-ez-Zor, previously said that government forces and allied Iranian-backed militias had carried out summary executions against civilians in the town of Mayadeen after recapturing the area from ISIS last week. It warned of a repeat of these crimes in the areas that may fall to government forces in the future.
rumors  extrajudicial_killing  SAA  Mar15  warCrimes  DeirEzZor 
october 2017 by elizrael
Sarin used in Syria 5 days before Khan Sheikhun: OPCW, Oct 4, 2017
Sarin nerve agent was used in an 'incident' at a northern Syrian village in late March, five days before the deadly attack on Khan Sheikhun, the world's chemical watchdog said Wednesday.

"Analysis of samples collected (by the OPCW)... relates to an incident that took place again in the northern part of Syria on the 30th of March this year," the head of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons told AFP in an exclusive interview.

"The results prove the existence of sarin," Ahmet Uzumcu said.
Hama  Mar15  CW  SAA  WarCrimes  UN 
october 2017 by elizrael
Russia says general killed in Syria held senior post in Assad's army | Reuters, Sep 27, 2017
He was the chief of staff of Russian forces deployed to the country and later became the commander of Syria's Fifth Corps of volunteers, chief of general staff Valery Gerasimov said.
Russia  ForeignFighters  Mar15  SAA  death 
october 2017 by elizrael
How to Understand Israel’s Strike on Syria -NY Times, Sep 9,2017
In this specific case, the complex that was attacked was a research and production center belonging to the CERS Institute. The institute is funded mostly by Iran, utilizes Iranian technology and produces advanced long-range missiles and chemical weapons for the Syrian Arab Army and Hezbollah. The strike should indicate to both Tehran and Damascus that Israel is willing to take decisive action to prevent the development of long-term strategic threats
Israel  foreign_policy  attack  Iran  CW  SAA  Hama  Russia  Mar15 
september 2017 by elizrael
A Voice From the Shadows - Carnegie Middle East Center, Nov 25, 2016
Though Hassan mostly voiced common pro-government positions that are in themselves unremarkable, the interview itself was a groundbreaking event. As head of the Air Force Intelligence Directorate, Hassan has almost never been heard from in public before, and Syrian intelligence chiefs take great care to stay out of the limelight. But another thing stood out, too: Hassan’s implicit criticism of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad for having shown too much restraint in the early days of the Syrian uprising in 2011.
Intelligence_community  Mar15  Assad  SAA  Hama  history 
september 2017 by elizrael
Loyalists Denounce Assad for Abandoning Coastal War Wounded - Zaman al-Wasl, Aug 24, 2017
Speaking to Zaman al-Wasl, activist Mohamad al-Saheli said that more than 100 people from the village of Sinjuan alone were killed fighting for the regime, while 70 young men are still unaccounted for and 50 fighters returned with permanent disabilities preventing them from working. More than 70 percent of the village’s youths have been either killed, are disabled, missing or have escaped to seek asylum. Those who have remained in the village await a fate similar to those who preceded them.

Authorities have neglected the majority of the fighters returning with disabilities. Their families are poor and are often dependent on female relatives to financially support the household. Many of the women work in agriculture, the service sector or “in jobs that were monopolized by men, such as brickwork, carpentry, factory work, industrial workshops and even professional car repair,” Saheli said.

Speaking to Zaman al-Wasl, Ali. H, a former soldier, said that he wishes to die. “We left our families and went to perform our duty and defend the homeland. But the homeland and the master of the homeland throw us into the street like dogs, and we wait to see who will be kind to us, and the Red Crescent provides us with assistance that is funded by the enemies of the homeland," he said.
health  SAA  Mar15  Alawite  Lattakia 
august 2017 by elizrael
النظام يكمل مصالحة (محجة) شمال درعا May 13, 2017
أتمت قوات النظام اليوم السبت 13 أيار/مايو مصالحة بلدة (محجة) شمال درعا، عقب حصار البلدة لأكثر من 100 يوم من قبل حواجز قوات النظام التي منعت إدخال المواد الغذائية والطحين للبلدة المحاصرة، بهدف الضغط على الحاضنة الشعبية للقبول بشروطها.

وقال الناشط خليل الجبر، عقب فترة مفاوضات بين وجهاء بلدة (محجة) ورئيس فرع الأمن العسكري بدرعا (وفيق ناصر) لأكثر من شهرين، تمت اليوم السيت عملية المصالحة بمدينة (إزرع) الخاضعة لسيطرة قوات النظام، بحضور (وفيق ناصر)، كما حضر المصالحة قرابة 400 شخص من أهالي بلدة (محجة).

وأضاف الجبر في حديث لـ (كلنا شركاء)، بأن كتائب الثوار في البلدة لم تنخرط بعملية المصالحة، فالنسبة الأكبر من الحضور هم من المدنيين، ولاسيما شريحة الموظفين المفصولين عن الخدمة، بالإضافة للطلاب المنقطعين عن الدراسة، وأن عدد المنشقين الذين حضروا المصالحة لا يتجاوز 15 منشقاً عن قوات النظام.

وقال إنه على الرغم من ترويج جميع وسائل الإعلام التابعة للنظام للمصالحة، إلا أن حواجز النظام لم تسمح بعد بإدخال الطحين والمواد الغذائية للبلدة، وتسمح فقط للموظفين العاملين في الدوائر الحكومية بالخروج والدخول للبلدة بشروط قاسية، منها منعهم من إدخال أكثر من كيس خبز واحد، كما تمنعهم من إدخال الأدوية.

ويذكر أن مصالحة بلدة (محجة) هي الثالثة من نوعها، فقوات النظام كانت قد أتمت مصالحتي بلدة (غباغب) ومدينة (الصنمين) مطلع العام الجاري.
blockade  Mar15  PublicSector  Daraa  SAA  recruitment 
august 2017 by elizrael
بدء "التسوية" في بلدة محجة شمال درعا - عنب بلدي May 13, 2017
خرجت دفعة من مقاتلي وأهالي بلدة محجة، في ريف درعا الشمالي، إلى ناحية إزرع التي يسيطر عليها النظام السوري اليوم، السبت 13 أيار.

وأكد مراسل عنب بلدي في درعا، خروج الدفعة عقب اتفاقية جرت قبل أيام، بينما ذكرت وكالة الأنباء الرسمية (سانا)، أن عدد الخارجين تجاوز ألف مطلوب.

ومن بين الخارجين 450 متخلفًا عن الخدمة العسكرية، وفق سانا، التي روّجت إلى أن “من بين من سويت أوضاعهم يرغبون بالانضمام إلى صفوف الجيش العربي السوري لمحاربة التنظيمات الارهابية في درعا وريفها”.
Mar15  Daraa  ceasefire  blockade  SAA  recruitment 
august 2017 by elizrael
The Race for Deir al-Zour Province - WINEP, Aug 17, 2017
The true SDF command, the Democratic Union Party (PYD) -- a Syrian offshoot of the Turkey-based Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) -- refuses to support an offensive headed by the Deir al-Zour Liberation Battalion. Instead, SDF leaders have agreed to back the Sanadid Forces (Quwat al-Sanadid), a militia led by Shammar tribesman Sheikh Hamidi Daham al-Hadi, a close ally of the Kurds. Without PYD collaboration, a U.S.-backed Arab force will struggle to challenge the Islamic State in this area. Past such strategies have always ended in bitter failure, leading the United States to abandon rebel-training programs in order to concentrate its resources on the SDF.

The SDF hesitation to bless an independent pro-U.S. force in northeastern Syria can be explained by fears of a future competitor once the Islamic State is defeated. Furthermore, the PYD wants to remain the only U.S. partner in northeastern Syria, subordinating the Arab tribes in the process. Such reasoning partly explains the deployment since fall 2016 of Kurdish troops to attack Raqqa, an Arab city that could never be integrated into Rojava, the Kurds' enclave in Syria. The PYD likewise knows that the United States guards Rojava against Turkish attack but that once Raqqa is liberated, the Syrian Kurdish group will seemingly become a dispensable ally for Washington. This begs the question of what happens then. Amid such uncertainty, the PYD has an interest in prolonging the Raqqa battle. According to Haval Gabar, who heads a YPG unit in Raqqa, the fight could last another four months. Yet no room exists for another major offensive in the meantime, allowing the Syrian army to move quietly toward Deir al-Zour.

Amid this scene, the allegiance of area tribes is fluid, and they will seek to acquire material advantages when agreeing to any alliance. Past Assad-regime means of such control included access to water, land distribution, smuggling, and administration and army jobs. In the future, oil resources will probably be shared and some tribes will demand payment to protect the pipelines. In particular, following Russia's military intervention in September 2015, certain tribal leaders felt the wind shift and returned to the regime fold. Nawaf al-Bashir, who leads the Baggara tribal federation, made just such a move after five years of Istanbul exile.
DeirEzZor  Mar15  tribes  FSA  PYD  SDF  SAA 
august 2017 by elizrael
Administrative Decisions on Local Defence Forces Personnel: Translation & Analysis :: Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi, May 3, 2017
At the same time, as I have also discussed previously (and as will become clear in the documents discussed), the LDF was set up by Iran, which has clearly played a part in training and advising the LDF. Concomitant with Iran's role in helping the LDF would be a Hezbollah role in working with the LDF. Looking at the emblem above, the Iranian role is alluded to in the inclusion of the name 'al-'Asdiqa" ("the friends" supporting the regime) in the emblem, pointing to a foreign role in the LDF. The approximate time frame for the LDF's creation and emergence was around 2013-2014. In terms of the LDF's composition, the LDF Mahrada page explained: "There has been recruitment of all personnel who are reservists [of the army] or newly withdrawn or deserted from service and their affairs have been sorted out. Most of the officers in it are Syrian officers from the well-known fighting formations." That testimony should not however obscure the Iranian role in the LDF.

While a number of LDF personnel are people who have indeed carried out taswiyat al-wad', the documents illustrate that there are far more personnel guilty of desertion and evasion who have not come under this category, though ordinary civilians seem to constitute the largest single category. This issue brings us to the primary point of these documents: applying taswiyat al-wad' to all deserters and service evaders in the LDF units, while altering their status (including those who have done taswiyat al-wad') such that service in the LDF is actually considered obligatory/reserve army service. This decision further illustrates that taswiyat al-wad' by itself does not amount to permanent exemption from army service, and that serving in a militia that offers taswiyat al-wad' does not prevent you from being called up to the army. Indeed, despite the use of the moniker of the "Army and Armed Forces" in reference to the LDF, the apparent inclusion of LDF personnel in the armed forces' military records did not exempt those liable for military service from being transferred to the Syrian army's regular divisions. Meanwhile, civilians in the LDF now have the opportunity to serve in the jaysh sha'abi (popular/people's army) on a voluntary basis.
NDF  Mar15  IranianProxy  militia  SAA  recruitment  Aleppo  important 
august 2017 by elizrael
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