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Instructor Training: How Learning Works: Working Memory and Cognitive Load
The quality of practice that is provided to learners is very important. In Carpentry workshops, we use guided practice: we set up a structure in which learners can test their skills and get feedback on their progress. This contrasts with another teaching strategy variously known as constructivist, discovery, problem-based, experiential or inquiry-based learning.

In 2006, these types of teaching were the subject of a paper titled “Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching”.

This paper argued that minimal-guidance approaches to teaching ignore both what we know about human cognitive architecture and evidence from many research studies showing that minimally-guided instruction is less effective than guided learning.

Minimally-guided instruction requires learners to simultaneously master a domain’s factual content and its search and problem-solving strategies. Fostering creativity and independence is intuitively appealing, but that doesn’t mean it works.
teaching  learning 
september 2017 by copystar

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