"ugly" food
As someone who works in ag & food distribution I gotta disagree w this. A lot of "ugly" food -Won't survive distribution bc weird shapes makes it prone to getting smushed, bruised, start to rot, & make everything else in the box/crate rot. Broken skin does the same thing.
food  sustainability 
3 days ago
You don't know him like i do
[thread of art works about abusive relationships]
comic  DomesticViolence  abuse 
6 days ago
Your Boss NEEDS To Read This WSJ Article About Our Power Grid And How The Russians Hacked It With Phishing
Russian hackers use malicious emails to steal credentials from utility company employees

Using stolen credentials, hackers remotely access power utility workstations & run malicious code

From the compromised workstation can gain access to the utility's Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition System (SCADA)

SCADA controls utility assets, including substations and power generation facilities

"America’s Electric Grid Has a Vulnerable Back Door—and Russia Walked Through It"
espionage  Russia  infrastructure  infosec  security 
6 days ago
Ritman Occult Library Online Catalog
Thanks to a generous donation from Da Vinci Code author Dan Brown, Amsterdam’s Ritman Library—a sizable collection of pre-1900 books on alchemy, astrology, magic, and other occult subjects—has been digitizing thousands of its rare texts under a digital education project cheekily called “Hermetically Open.” We are now pleased to report, less than 2 months later, that the first 1,617 books from the Ritman project have come available in their online reading room. The site is still in beta, so to speak; in their Facebook announcement, the Ritman admits they are “still improving the whole presentation,” which is a bit clunky at the moment. But for fans and students of this literature, a little inconvenience is a small price to pay for full access to hundreds of rare occult texts.
11 days ago
The singular "they" pronoun dates back to 1375
The singular "they" pronoun dates back to 1375, where it appears in the medieval romance William and the Werewolf (also known as Guillaume de Palerme). The plural "they" arrived in the 1200s from Old Norse.

In the 19th century, it was insisted that "he" become the new gender neutral pronoun despite rather clearly being the masculine pronoun which is - sadly - reflected in many modern day style guides. Patriarchy sucks.

It's often overlooked that "they" is not a native English pronoun - it is from Old Norse and spread unusually quickly within just a few decades across the country. The Old Norse their, theira, and theim became the Old English thei, their, theim (replacing hīe, hīora, him).

Themself (the singular of themselves) was common usage from the 14th to 16th centuries.

It causes modern day grammarians to splutter despite still being used in many dialects (eg Scots).

Fact - in 1792 James Anderson (Scottish), advocated for an indeterminate pronoun "ou".

Anderson, an economist & philosopher, actually posited that English should have 13 genders including TWO indeterminate/neutral pronouns. There are essays dating to 1794 in which writers critically defend the use of singular they and suggest a second gender neutral one is needed.

Coleridge himself offered it and which as potential pronouns while an 1884 article recalled earlier usage of the neopronouns ne, nis, and nim. Thon, er, un, han, en, le, se, sis, sim, e, es, em, hesh, are just some of the MANY pronouns that turn up before 1900.

It's worth noting of course that the pronoun "you" was originally plural, replacing the plural (ye) and the singular (thou, thee, thy, thine). In the 17th century "you" began to be used as a singular and - surprise! - commentators objected that it wasn't grammatically correct.

So what's the point of all this, you ask. Words are defined by usage, not by grammar guides. Words deemed "incorrect" today often have long and rich histories of being correct and useful. And if a word is useful, it *is* correct usage. Language SHOULD be useful

For those asking btw - The earliest usage of the Old Norse pronouns in middle English text is the Ormulum which was written around 1180, and also uses the Old English pronouns. Other usage is all 1200+
gender  linguistics  english  grammar 
22 days ago
A Single Cell Hints at a Solution to the Biggest Problem in Computer Science
Keio University's solution is different from the typical algorithmic solutions produced by other researchers, because the scientists used an amoeba. Specifically, the Physarum polycephalum slime mold. Physarum polycephalum is a very simple organism that does two things: it moves toward food and it moves away from light. Millions of years of evolution has made Physarum abnormally efficient at both of these things.

The Keio University researchers used this efficiency to build a device to solve the traveling salesman problem. They set the amoeba in a special chamber filled with channels, and at the end of each channel the researchers placed some food. Instinctively, the amoeba would extend tendrils into the channels to try and get the food. When it does that, however, it triggers lights to go off in other channels.
microbiology  mathematics 
22 days ago
This is a Chinese hotpot, you engorged penis
> Meat eaters be like “vegan food looks and tastes gross”
> And then eat something that looks like leftover dishwater

This is a Chinese hotpot, you engorged penis
It could be made with nothing but vegan ingredients and it would still be delicious and you’d still be a xenophobic tool

Can we talk about white veganism for a second? The kind espoused by folks like Jona here, who begins his Twitter bio with the Sanskrit word for “nonviolence” but then craps on Asian cultural expressions in order to advance his neocolonial beliefs?

vegan  colonialism  whiteprivilege  wealthinequality  agribusiness 
22 days ago
Where Did African American Vernacular English Come From?
Scholars like Toni Morrison, writer and winner of the Nobel Prize in literature, have spoken of five present tenses in AAVE. In reality it’s probably more than that, if you factor in stress. See our list of the many present-tense variations below (many also feature the mighty-fine be copula or linking verb). All tenses mean something slightly different. Some can’t be translated into SAE so easily.

> Final -s deletion: He work-∅. | He works.
> Copula deletion: He ∅ workin’. | He is working at this moment.
> Habitual “be”: He be workin’. | He is usually working.
> “Been” (always unstressed): He been workin’. | He has been working.
> BIN (always stressed): He BIN workin’. | He is working and has been for a long time.
> Finna: He finna work. | He is about to work.

In AAVE, like in math, two negatives equal a negative. And, sometimes negation can be used for emphasis to mean a bigger, bolder No. It’s also like several other languages in that way, including French, Spanish, Polish, Persian, Middle English . . . you get the idea. The linguistic term is multiple negation, and languages that allow it are said to have negative concord. See some examples below, taken from Toni Morrison’s beautiful novel Sula. Central to it are themes explored in other novels by and about black people: home and identity, race, class, and self-evolution.
english  linguistics  grammar 
23 days ago
Arborists Have Cloned Ancient Redwoods From Their Massive Stumps
A team of arborists has successfully cloned and grown saplings from the stumps of some of the world’s oldest and largest coast redwoods, some of which were 3,000 years old and measured 35 feet in diameter when they were cut down in the 19th and 20th centuries. Earlier this month, 75 of the cloned saplings were planted at the Presidio national park in San Francisco.

Today, giant stumps of ancient redwoods dot the landscape from Oregon to northern California, reminders of the old-growth forest that used to stretch across the Pacific Northwest. Many arborists assumed these stumps were dead, but Milarch and his son, Jake, discovered living tissue growing from the trees’ roots, material known as baseless or stump sprouts. The Milarchs collected DNA from stumps of five giant coast redwoods, all larger than the largest tree living today. These included a giant sequoia known as General Sherman with a 25-foot diameter.
botany  biology 
24 days ago
Apple can't protect you from data trackers forever. No one can
The Ghostery privacy tool has thousands of trackers in its database, and it's adding about 20 to 30 new trackers per week.

Even that's still not enough though, he said. "There are trackers that don't end up in our database."

These trackers use tactics like device fingerprinting, which allows advertisers to know who's viewing their content based on data your browser gives over. The chances that visitors to a website have the exact same settings, fonts, plug-ins and browser version as you are pretty small, and it allows trackers to set up "fingerprints" for each device.
apple  google  privacy  infosec  dataCollection 
24 days ago
How Much of the Internet Is Fake? Turns Out, a Lot of It, Actually.
How much of the internet is fake? Studies generally suggest that, year after year, less than 60% of web traffic is human; some years, according to some researchers, a healthy majority of it is bot. For a period of time in 2013, the Times reported this year, a full half of YouTube traffic was “bots masquerading as people,” a portion so high that employees feared an inflection point after which YouTube’s systems for detecting fraudulent traffic would begin to regard bot traffic as real and human traffic as fake. They called this hypothetical event “the Inversion.”
botnet  bots  capitalism  advertising  YouTube  facebook 
24 days ago
It's all true: Everything is fake.
It's all true: Everything is fake. Also mobile user counts are fake. No one has figured out how to count logged-out mobile users, as I learned at reddit. Every time someone switches cell towers, it looks like another user and inflates company user metrics


The numbers are all fking fake, the metrics are bullshit, the agencies responsible for enforcing good practices are knowing bullshiters enforcing and profiting off all the fake numbers and none of the models make sense at scale of actual human users. http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2018/12/how-much-of-the-internet-is-fake.html

There are so many fake numbers and bullshit in the ad tech/media/digital publishing ecosystem it's a defense mechanism, even the people who know they are bullshiting can't tell you where the lies end and the truth begins BY DESIGN.

Everything is fake, no one knows what is going on, there's not even a mechanism to create trust, much less incentive to use it. The only people in the internet ad tech game you can trust are the ones who this is hurting the most: legit advertisers, legit publishers, users.
advertising  internet  capitalism 
24 days ago
Trump Transition Records, A Source Of Friction With Special Counsel Robert Mueller, Were Almost Destroyed
Seth Greenfeld, a lawyer for the GSA, explained in a June 8, 2017, email to his boss that during a conversation with a special counsel staffer and the FBI, he told them that the GSA would normally “destroy the records and wipe the machines, but given the news cycles, GSA decided it was prudent to inquire about preservation during the machine wiping process.”

Greenfeld said the GSA reached out to its internal watchdog who contacted the FBI and Department of Justice “and got the ball rolling” to preserve the Trump transition documents, which were copied onto a thumb drive. But Greenfeld noted that in order for the GSA to turn over the records to law enforcement, he believed the agency would need a subpoena, because the GSA did not own the records.

The FBI letter requested that the GSA preserve a wide range of materials that may be responsive to its ongoing probe into collusion.

The term "Documents and Responsive Materials" includes, but is not limited to, all issued electronic devices, to include computers, cellular telephones, wireless devices, and CMS devices, as well as, both in draft and final form, all emails, voicemails, documents, photos, text messages, instant messages, electronic, handwritten; and/or hardcopy records, databases, telephone records, correspondence, transcripts, audio recordings, analyses, briefings, assessments, banner entries, user agreements, audit records, metadata, storage devices, notes, memoranda, diary and calendar entries, visitor logs, meeting attendance records, meeting room reservations, meeting agendas, badge records, records of entry and exit to any building, room, or secure facility, safe access records, video surveillance of public and non-public areas, and access logs, including of classified information.

The GSA emails turned over to BuzzFeed News indicate that transition team officials were aware the agency might be forced to turn over the transition records.
politics  FOIA  freepress 
25 days ago
Six Ways America Is Like a Third-World Country
1. Criminal Justice
2. Gun Violence
3. Healthcare
4. Education
5. Inequality
6. Infrastructure
wealthinequality  education  healthcare  gunViolence  penalSystem  judicialSystem 
4 weeks ago
Fanfiction is not now nor ever will be a waste of time...
Repeat after me, kids:

Fanfiction is not now nor ever will be a waste of time, uncreative, or automatically inferior to canon.
It is an invaluable tool that enriches fandom and allows authors to build their creative chops in a setting that encourages feedback and communal discussion.
In some cases, fandoms with disappointing canon material can be kept alive solely through the work of dedicated fan-authors, fan-artists, and other content creators.

Do not let anyone suggest that fan-work is without value.
fanfic  fandom  writing  socialmedia 
5 weeks ago
Sorry, your data can still be identified even if it’s anonymized
Carlo Ratti, the MIT Senseable City Lab founder who co-authored the study in IEEE Transactions on Big Data, says that the research process made them feel “a bit like ‘white hat’ or ‘ethical’ hackers” in a news release. First, they combined two anonymized datasets of people in Singapore, one of mobile phone logs and the other of transit trips, each containing “location stamps” detailing just the time and place of each data point. Then they used an algorithm to match users whose data overlapped closely between each set–in other words, they had phone logs and transit logs with similar time and location stamps–and tracked how closely those stamps matched up over time, eliminating false positives as they went. In the end, it took a week to match up 17% of the users and 11 weeks to get to a 95% rate of accuracy. (With the added GPS data from smartphones, it took less than a week to hit that number.)

While the MIT group wasn’t trying to unmask specific users in this dataset, they proved that someone acting in bad faith could merge such anonymized datasets with personal ones using the same process, easily pinning the timestamps together to figure out who was who.
privacy  telecommunications  infosec 
5 weeks ago
100 million Americans have chronic pain. Very few use one of the best tools to treat it.
Chronic pain often has no physical cause. Psychotherapy can reduce the suffering.
psychology  medicine  health  healthcare 
5 weeks ago
Women were written out of science history – it’s time we put them back in
One reason women tend to be absent from narratives of science is because it’s not as easy to find female scientists on the public record.

[....]For a start, the traditional view of science as a body of knowledge rather than an activity ignores women’s contributions as collaborators, focusing instead on the facts produced by big discoveries (and the men who made them famous).

[....]The historian Margaret Rossiter has dubbed this systematic bias against women the “Matthew Matilda Effect”. Before the 20th century, women’s social position meant the only way they could typically negotiate access to science was to collaborate with male family members or friends and then mostly only if they were rich.

[....]Women’s exclusion from professional spaces at this time is one reason why women became more active in scientific disciplines that still relied heavily on fieldwork, such as astronomy and botany.

This is where science began splitting into a hierarchy of male-dominated “hard” sciences, such as physics, and “soft” sciences, such as botany and biological science, that were seen as more acceptable for women.

Women were typically refused admission to elite scientific institutions, so we do not find their names on fellowship lists. The first women were elected as fellows of the Royal Society in 1945, and the French Academy of Science didn’t admit its first female fellow until 1979.

[....]In the late 19th century, science taught that there were innate intellectual differences between the sexes which limited women’s suitability for science. (Another reason why scientific societies did not want their prestige tarnished by female fellows.) Charles Darwin argued that evolutionary competition led to the higher development of male brains.
science  women  history  sexism  misogyny  maleprivilege 
5 weeks ago
Tumblr’s Porn Bloggers Test Pillowfort and Dreamwidth
Sexual content has always been a part of fandom communities online, from LiveJournal to Tumblr. And communities have a history of abandoning platforms that don’t support the free expression of adult material. It was LiveJournal’s crackdown on NSFW material back in 2007 that broke community trust in the site and initiated the mass migration to Tumblr, along with the creation of fandom sites like An Archive of Our Own. Now Tumblr’s facing its own porn-related exodus, because NSFW content appears to be at odds with its business goals.

[....]Instead, Dreamwidth is a text-based community, full of everything from fanfic to erotica to you name it. Tumblr's new ban, however, focuses on visuals, like NSFW photos, video, and GIFs; the company says written content like erotica is still allowed.

Paolucci understands that Dreamwidth may not be right for all Tumblr exiles. “We are definitely thinking of this as an opportunity for users who are fleeing Tumblr to discover our philosophy and business ethics,” she says, “but there is also a certain level of people who are used to Tumblr and Tumblr's features [and Dreamwidth] may not be what they are looking for.”

[....]Baritz created Pillowfort in 2016 to be exactly what disaffected Tumblr bloggers are now in search of: an open-minded site that can host images and videos; allows reblogging, commenting, and community building; encourages a strong artistic bent; and doesn’t censor NSFW content. It improves on Tumblr, in some bloggers’ opinion, by offering nimble privacy features—like allowing you to make certain posts private to certain followers, while leaving other posts public—and focusing on customization. Pillowfort's terms of service also currently prohibit posts that target or harass other users, which some bloggers may crave in a new community.
fandom  pornography  socialmedia  capitalism 
5 weeks ago
Princeton’s Ad-Blocking Superweapon May Put an End to the Ad-Blocking Arms Race
This means advertisers and publishers can simply change the code they use to deliver their ads to defeat them. This type of ad-blocking is often easily detected by anti ad blockers, which are deployed on the sites of more than 50 popular publishers. Finally, traditional ad blockers fail to block native ads that look like normal content, which is why your ad blockers won't detect and block sponsored posts on Facebook.

Perceptual ad-blocking, on the other hand, ignores those codes and those lists. Instead, it uses optical character recognition, design techniques, and container searches (the boxes that ads are commonly put in on a page) to detect words like "sponsored" or "close ad" that are required to appear on every ad, which is what allows it to detect and block Facebook ads.
OCR  advertising  capitalism  facebook  privacy  infosec  accessibility 
5 weeks ago
Dollar Stores Are Targeting Struggling Urban Neighborhoods and Small Towns. One Community Is Showing How to Fight Back.
Although dollar stores sometimes fill a need in places that lack basic retail services, there’s growing evidence that these stores are not merely a byproduct of economic distress. They’re a cause of it. In small towns and urban neighborhoods alike, dollar stores are leading full-service grocery stores to close. And their strategy of saturating communities with multiple outlets is making it impossible for new grocers and other local businesses to take root and grow.

The absence of grocery stores in Tulsa is a direct result of a history of racial discrimination by banks that have been less likely to lend to African American entrepreneurs and by supermarket chains that have tended to bypass black neighborhoods.
poverty  wealthinequality  capitalism  economy  foodInsecurity 
6 weeks ago
Millennials Didn’t Kill the Economy. The Economy Killed Millennials.
Millennials are the most educated generation in U.S. history to date. They bought into a social contract that said: Everything will work out, if first you go to college. But as the cost of college increased, millions of young people took on student loans to complete their degree. Graduates under 35 are almost 50 percent more likely than members of Gen X to have student loans, and their median balance is about 40 percent higher than that of the previous generation.

And what has all that debt gotten them? “Lower earnings, fewer assets, and less wealth,” according to the Federal Reserve paper’s conclusion. Student debt has made it harder for millions of young people to buy a home, since “holding debt is associated with a lower rate of homeownership, irrespective of degree type,” as Fed economists wrote in a previous study. In other words, young people took on debt to pursue a college degree, only to discover that the cost of college would push the American dream further from their grasp.

Is it any wonder that Millennials are eager to overthrow a system that has duped them into a story of permanent progress, thrown them into debt, depressed their wages, separated them from the trappings of adulthood, and then, for good measure, blamed them for ruining canned tuna?
wealthinequality  poverty  studentDebt  studentLoans  economy 
6 weeks ago
They Called Her “the Che Guevara of Abortion Reformers”
The woman was Patricia Maginnis, a laboratory technician and founder of the Society for Humane Abortion, an organization that she ran out of the front room of her small apartment in San Francisco. She’d started the SHA in 1962 (back then, it was called the Citizens Committee for Humane Abortion Laws). Arguably the first organization of its kind in America, its mandate was radical: The SHA sought to repeal abortion laws, endorse elective abortions, and offer women any resources it could in the meantime. These resources would come to include “the List,” an up-to-date directory of safe abortion specialists outside the country, classes on DIY abortions, and symposia where sympathetic doctors could confer with each other about the safest and best abortion techniques. SHA would eventually formalize its legal strategy with a branch called the Association to Repeal Abortion Laws (ARAL, which would form the basis for NARAL), specifically devoted to challenging legislation.
abortion  reproductiveRights 
6 weeks ago
Thread on the "mysterious" deaths of prominent activists, starting with Ferguson, extending into the past, and will be updated.
Thread on the "mysterious" deaths of prominent activists, starting with Ferguson, extending into the past, and will be updated.

1. Edward Crawford, possibly the most well-known Ferguson death. He was the subject of an iconic photo in which he was throwing a tear gas canister back at cops. He was found dead from "suicide" on May 5, 2017. Rest in power.

2. Darren Seals, another death of another Ferguson activist under mysterious yet horrifying conditions. His car was set aflame and he was shot on September 6, 2016. Rest in power.

3. Danye Jones, the late son of Melissa McKinnies, an active Ferguson activist. He was found hanging from a bed sheet behind their house in October 2018. Melissa posted later, "They lynched my baby." Facebook deleted her words. Rest in power, Danye.

4. Deandre Joshua, a Ferguson activist and friend of the sole witness in the Michael Brown case, a member of a family of Ferguson activists, died the exact same way Darren died on the night of the Michael Brown case verdict. He was just 20. Rest in power.

5. TODAY: Bassem Masri, a Palestinian Ferguson activist and live streamer. He was found dead of "currently unknown" causes, but will be remembered forever in his fight for liberation of oppressed peoples. Rest in power, Bassem.

6. Muhiyidin d'Baha, a Black Lives Matter activist famously known for jumping a cop barricade and snatching a Confederate flag. He was assassinated on February 6, 2018, with police "being unable to identify" the cause of his murder. Rest in power.
blacklivesmatter  homicide 
6 weeks ago
Ivanka's emails
I hate talking about emails. I don’t want to talk about emails. We have so many other things to think about right now that are important to peoples’ lives and need solving, but this nonsense with Ivanka this morning was nothing short of outrageous.
politics  infosec  security 
7 weeks ago
In 1637 near present day Groton, Connecticut, over 700 men, women and children of the Pequot Tribe had gathered for their annual Green Corn Festival which is our Thanksgiving celebration. #RealThanksgiving
history  nativeamericans  genocide  whiteSupremacy 
8 weeks ago
Can you pass the 2018 CSAT English test?
The English test of Korea's College Scholastic Aptitude Test (CSAT) is notoriously difficult ― so much so that many native English speakers (well-educated adults) have called it a "CRAZY" test after looking through some of the texts and questions put on test takers' desks.

[actually a critical thinking test]
education  english 
8 weeks ago
Georgia: The Epicenter of America’s Corrupted Electronic Elections
The article below discusses the Georgia 6th District special election of 2017, which was the catalyst for the Georgia paper ballot suit, as well as the disturbing history of Georgia’s corrupted electronic elections from 2002 through the present.
voterSuppression  votingRights  voterRegistration 
9 weeks ago
Since the tax cuts were passed, the 1,000 largest public companies have actually reduced employment

"Since the tax cuts were passed, the 1,000 largest public companies have actually reduced employment, on balance. They have announced the elimination of nearly 140,000 jobs — which is almost double the 73,000 jobs they say they have created"

"Trump's tax cut was supposed to change corporate behavior, here's what really happened...
Nearly a year after the tax cut, economic growth has accelerated. Wage growth has not. Companies are buying back stock, and business investment is a mixed bag."
economy  taxLaw  capitalism 
9 weeks ago
Arbaeen Karbala pilgrimage
I just got back from the world's largest pilgrimage you've probably never heard of: Arbaeen, which happens in Iraq every year. Here's some pictures from Arbaeen this year in Karbala, which saw 20 million pilgrims - 10 times as much as Hajj to Mecca! #Iraq
islam  religion 
10 weeks ago
Scientists Spy On Bees, See Harmful Effects Of Common Insecticide
A team of researchers peered inside bumblebee colonies and spied on insects individually labelled with a tiny tag to figure out exactly how exposure to a common insecticide changes their behavior in the nest.

They found that the insecticide — from a controversial group called neonicotinoids — made the bees more sluggish and antisocial, spending more time on the periphery of the nest. It also made them less-attentive parents, according to research published Thursday in the journal Science.

Neonicotinoids, commonly known as "neonics," are near-ubiquitous in farming in many countries. They're commonly applied to the seeds of crops such as corn or soy before planting. The plant then carries traces of the insecticide as it grows, even showing up in the pollen, which scientists believe is one way bees are exposed. As NPR's Dan Charles has reported, "neonicotinoid residues also have been found in the pollen of wildflowers growing near fields and in nearby streams."
bees  environment  pollution 
10 weeks ago
5 Tactics Used By Passive-Aggressive Arguers (And The Best Forms of Defense)
1) Begging The Question [Reframing]
When facing this strategy, you must call your opponent on their use of such loaded words and get them to explain in some detail what they mean by them.
2) Extending To Extremes [Straw Man]
You can always extend their argument to the extreme, then point out the absurdity of your own extension to reveal the manipulation they just played on you and the audience.
3) Diverting The Subject [Whataboutism]
As in the other strategies, you must keep your cool and carefully walk the discussion back to where it was, no matter how difficult.
4) Pushing Buttons [Ad Hominem]
If you remain unruffled and show that you cannot be goaded, they will stop with this infuriating strategy.
5) Invoking Authority [citation please]
With as light a touch as possible, ask them to actually reveal the source of the statistics or studies; ask for more detail, which they probably cannot provide.
psychology  politics 
10 weeks ago
How Writers Map Their Imaginary Worlds
A new book collects fantastic literary geographies.
cartography  fiction  literature 
10 weeks ago
Porter County’s 2018 Election Fiasco
You might have noticed that Porter County, Indiana still had 0% reporting for the #2018Election as of this morning. See this map from CNN. Porter is that gray county in the upper left. I was a poll worker there this past Tuesday. You might want to buckle up.
votingRights  voterSuppression 
10 weeks ago
Study: US is an oligarchy, not a democracy
The two professors came to this conclusion after reviewing answers to 1,779 survey questions asked between 1981 and 2002 on public policy issues. They broke the responses down by income level, and then determined how often certain income levels and organised interest groups saw their policy preferences enacted.

"A proposed policy change with low support among economically elite Americans (one-out-of-five in favour) is adopted only about 18% of the time," they write, "while a proposed change with high support (four-out-of-five in favour) is adopted about 45% of the time."

On the other hand:

When a majority of citizens disagrees with economic elites and/or with organised interests, they generally lose. Moreover, because of the strong status quo bias built into the US political system, even when fairly large majorities of Americans favour policy change, they generally do not get it.
oligarchy  economy  usa  legislation 
10 weeks ago
10 Impressive Questions to Ask in a Job Interview
1. “How will you measure the success of the person in this position?”
2. “What are some of the challenges you expect the person in this position to face?”
3. “Can you describe a typical day or week in the job?”
4. How long did the previous person in the role hold the position? What has turnover in the role generally been like?
5. “What are you hoping this person will accomplish in their first six months and in their first year?”
6. “Thinking back to people you’ve seen do this work previously, what differentiated the ones who were good from the ones who were really great at it?”
7. “How would you describe the culture here? What type of people tend to really thrive here, and what type don’t do as well?”
8. “What do you like about working here?”
9. Ask the question you really care about.
10. “What’s your timeline for next steps?”
10 weeks ago
Someone should tell self-important anti-gun doctors to stay in their lane. Half of the articles in Annals of Internal Medicine are pushing for gun control. Most upsetting, however, the medical community seems to have consulted NO ONE but themselves.
gunViolence  medicine  nra 
10 weeks ago
Astronomers have detected material *just* over the edge of a black hole’s Point Of No Return
1/n This is quite seriously one of the most jaw-dropping observations I’ve ever written about: Astronomers have detected material *just* over the edge of a black hole’s Point Of No Return.


astronomy  astrophysics 
10 weeks ago
Bed prep
Im always amazed at how fast children fall asleep when you prep them for bedtime. “Bed prep” was the best thing their pediatrician introduced me to. You can’t abruptly start turning things off and expect for toddlers to go to sleep.
childhoodDevelopment  psychology 
10 weeks ago
It’s Time for the Lost Cause of the South to Get Lost
The Mammy statue in Washington was to have been the culmination of a two-decade campaign to erect such monuments in every southern state by the UDC and its companion United Confederate Veterans, which together formed one one of the most formidable lobbying groups of the age. Their goal was nothing less than to rewrite the history of the Civil War. It rested on three main precepts: that slavery was not the cause of the conflict; that it was a struggle for Southern independence over Northern aggression; and that slaves never sought their freedom but were only too glad to be civilized under the hand of a superior race. All of this was romanticized under the rubric of “The Lost Cause,” in which a martyred South was defeated by a rapacious North solely due to the weight of numbers. The Yankees had the bigger battalions, not the better reasons.
history  whitewashing  racism  slavery  whiteNationalism 
10 weeks ago
U.S. Law Enforcement Failed to See the Threat of White Nationalism. Now They Don’t Know How to Stop It.
U.S. Law Enforcement Failed to See the Threat of White Nationalism. Now They Don’t Know How to Stop It.
Janet Reitman
66-84 minutes

The first indication to Lt. Dan Stout that law enforcement’...
lawenforcement  whiteNationalism  police  racism  whiteSupremacy  from notes
10 weeks ago
Size, by the Numbers
How much it costs to make plus clothing, the measurements of the average American woman, and more.
fashion  economy 
10 weeks ago
4 myths about how immigrants affect the U.S. economy
Myth #1: Immigrants take more from the U.S. government than they contribute
Fact: Immigrants contribute more in tax revenue than they take in government benefits

Myth #2: Immigrants take American jobs
Fact: Immigrants workers often take jobs that boost other parts of the economy

Myth #3: The U.S. economy does not need immigrants
Fact: Immigrants are key to offsetting a falling birth rate

Myth #4: It would be better for the economy if immigrants’ children were not citizens
Fact: Children with citizenship are more productive workers
immigration  economy  usa 
10 weeks ago
Llama blood clue to beating all flu
The animals produce incredibly tiny antibodies in comparison to our own.

Antibodies are weapons of the immune system and they bind to the proteins that stick out from the surface of a virus.

Human antibodies tend to attack the tips of those proteins, but that's the part influenza mutates most readily.

Llama antibodies use their size advantage to wriggle a little bit deeper and attack the parts that flu cannot change.

The team at the Scripps Institute in California infected llamas with multiple types of flu to provoke an immune response.

They then scoured llama blood for the most potent antibodies that could attack a wide range of flu strains.

They picked four, and then set about building their own synthetic antibody that used elements from each.
immunology  virulogy 
10 weeks ago
I'm a historian, so let me do what we do, and offer reminders about what Americans sacrificed to get full access to the ballot.
I just saw a couple tweets complaining about how people were trying to persuade them to get out and vote this year. As someone who's researched the voting rights struggle, I've always found that dismissive attitude pretty infuriating. But never more than now.

I'm a historian, so let me do what we do, and offer reminders about what Americans sacrificed to get full access to the ballot. This history goes back centuries, but I work on the modern civil rights era. We don't have to go back further than that to see the price people paid.

Reverend George Lee in Belzoni, Mississippi, used his pulpit and his printing press to encourage African Americans to register to vote. For his troubles, he was assassinated by three men with shotguns in May 1955.
history  civilrights  whiteSupremacy 
11 weeks ago
From Start To Finish, This Is How Beacons Send Ads To Your Phone While You're Shopping
That signal is detected by nearby smartphones and tablets that have Bluetooth switched on and beacon-enabled apps. The proximity can stretch to an entire store or just a particular shelf.
spam  bluetooth  privacy  capitalism  telecommunications 
11 weeks ago
How Democrats Can Reverse Years of Voter Suppression
Once Democrats go nuclear on voting rights, here are some pieces of legislation that could pass by majority vote:

• Legislation restoring the preclearance provisions of the Voting Rights Act, which the Supreme Court killed in 2013’s Shelby County v. Holder, using a new coverage formula to satisfy the court’s standard in that case.

• Legislation passed under Congress’s Article I powers to require states to establish independent redistricting commissions, using neutral standards, for the drawing of congressional district lines.

• Legislation admitting Puerto Rico and D.C. as states in the union, creating four more Senate seats.

• Legislation giving greater voting rights to American citizens living in U.S. territories.

• Legislation establishing automatic voter registration for congressional elections, complete with a national registration system that would both ensure that eligible people are registered to vote and that ineligible people are kept off the rolls.

• Legislation establishing generous public financing for elections (perhaps through the use of campaign finance vouchers), barring foreign interference in U.S. elections, requiring greater transparency in political giving, and limiting contributions to independent groups like super PACs.
votingRights  voterSuppression  gerrymandering 
11 weeks ago
Episodes and Playlists (2011-present_ - Communion After Dark
Spotlighting the latest and best in alternative-electronic music, Communion After Dark is hosted weekly by DJ Mark Paradise (The Castle), DJ Maus (Simply Synthpop/STRANGELOVE) and DJ Tom Gold (Resident DJ at The Castle). They present the show as a companion to The Castle's Friday and Saturday dance nights in Tampa, Fla. (Ybor City).

Running continuously with weekly nights since 1997, the club (CastleYbor.com) proudly stands as the premier place spinning these genres -- EBM, synth pop, dark electro, industrial, gothic / goth, power noise -- in the United States.
music  podcast  edm 
12 weeks ago
episode list & download links
podcast  audio  spooky  horror  folklore 
12 weeks ago
13 Spooky Audiobooks to Keep You Awake All Night
1. “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Narrator: Xe Sands
Run time: 36 minutes
2. Fever Dream by Samanta Schweblin, translated by Megan McDowell
Narrator: Hillary Huber
Run time: 3 hours and 13 minutes
3. The Turn of the Screw by Henry James
Narrators: Richard Armitage and Emma Thompson
Run time: 4 hours and 40 minutes
4. We Have Always Lived in the Castle by Shirley Jackson
Narrator: Bernadette Dunne
Run time: 5 hours and 32 minutes
5. The Graveyard Book by Neil Gaiman
Narrator: Neil Gaiman
Run time: 7 hours and 47 minutes
6. Bleeding Violet / Slice of Cherry by Dia Reeves
Narrator: Suzy Jackson
Run time: 9 hours and 25 minutes / 10 hours and 15 minutes
7. Get in Trouble (Stories) by Kelly Link
Narrators: Grace Blewer, Kirby Heyborne, Tara Sands, Robbie Daymond, Rebecca Lowman, Cassandra Campbell, Ish Klein, Susan Duerden, Kirsten Potter
Run time: 9 hours and 57 minutes
8. The Dark Descent of Elizabeth Frankenstein by Kiersten White
Narrator: Katharine MacEwan
Run time: 10 hours and 15 minutes
9. Vassa in the Night by Sarah Porter
Narrator: Madeleine Maby
Run time: 10 hours and 47 minutes
10. Far Far Away by Tom McNeal
Narrator: W. Morgan Sheppard
Run time: 10 hours and 58 minutes
11. The Coldest Girl in Coldtown by Holly Black
Narrator: Christine Lakin
Run time: 12 hours and 6 minutes
12. Dracul by Dacre Stoker and J.D. Barker
Narrators: Pete Bradbury (Narrator), Vikas Adam (Bram Stoker), Saskia Maarleveld, (Matilda Stoker), Raphael Corkhill (Thornley Stoker), Alana Kerr Collins (Ellen), Allan Corduner (Arminius Vambéry)
Run time: 16 hours and 25 minutes
13. The Diviners (Series) by Libba Bray
Narrator: January LaVoy
Run time: 18 to 21 hours each
spooky  literature  audiobooks  audio  fiction  horror 
12 weeks ago
Companies are on the hook if their hiring algorithms are biased — Quartz
After an audit of the algorithm, the resume screening company found that the algorithm found two factors to be most indicative of job performance: their name was Jared, and whether they played high school lacrosse. Girouard’s client did not use the tool.

In 2016, Pinboard creator Maciej Cegłowski called machine learning “money laundering for bias.”

“It’s a clean, mathematical apparatus that gives the status quo the aura of logical inevitability. The numbers don’t lie,” Cegłowski said.
workersrights  maleprivilege  whiteprivilege  PROGRAMMING 
october 2018
Platforms, Speech And Truth: Policy, Policing And Impossible Choices
TLDR: Internet sites have every right in the world to kick people off their platforms, and there's no legal or ethical problem with that. No one's free speech is being censored. That said, we should be at least a bit concerned about the idea that giant internet platforms get to be some sort of arbiter of what speech is okay and what speech is not, and how that can impact society more generally. But there are possible solutions to this, even if none are perfect and some may be difficult to implement, and we should explore those more thoroughly, rather than getting into screaming fights over who should or shouldn't be allowed to use various internet platforms.
socialmedia  whiteSupremacy  nazis  facebook  twitter  propaganda 
october 2018
Himmler’s Antiquity
It isn't as if the discipline of classical studies arrived complete and fully formed on the desks of early scholars like Friedrich Nietzsche, whose Dionysian versus Apollonian reading of antiquity is still visible in the fabric of the field. The discipline was shaped by mostly elite European men, and their interests determined the early scope of the field. That’s why we learn Greek and Latin but not Hebrew, which was part of the field until the 18th century; it's why the lives of women and children were largely ignored; it's why the novels associated with the lower classes were not taken seriously as literature. It's why Cicero and Socrates, not to mention Jesus, were cast as white, just like the scholars studying them were.

Except, of course, Cicero and Socrates were decidedly not "white". They would have been thoroughly confused by the claim, since ancient theories of race differed greatly from modern ones, and had no category for "white". Rather than being primarily physiognomic — that is, based on visible physical features like melanin or hair type — race in antiquity was tied to climate, geography, and even political structures; one's race might not be easily identifiable at sight, and might even change, based on the exigencies of life, and regardless of external appearances. There was, consequently, no conception of a "white" race — what we see as whiteness did not signify racially.
racism  history  whiteSupremacy  whitewashing  Egypt  literature 
october 2018
The True Story of Pocahontas as NOT told by Disney
Matoaka often visited the settlement at Jamestown to help the settlers during times when food was in short supply. On 13 th April, 1613 AD, during one of these visits, Samuel Argall captured Matoaka to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father. She was held hostage at Jamestown for over a year. During her captivity, tobacco planter John Rolfe took a ‘special interest’ in the attractive young prisoner, and he eventually conditioned her release upon her agreeing to marry him. Matoaka was baptized ‘Rebecca’ and in 1614, she was married John Rolfe - the first recorded marriage between a European and a Native American.
history  whitewashing  nativeamericans 
october 2018
This week I listed a clothes dryer on the Letgo app
A quick reminder for men: Common events for you can turn into really scary situations for women in a snap.

Case in point: This week I listed a clothes dryer on the Letgo app. Because it was a dryer, a neutral meeting location was impractical. I needed it taken out of my house.

harassment  maleprivilege  sexism  abuse 
october 2018
behavioral strategy employed by sexual offenders
This latest army of trolls/bots related to Kavanaugh is interesting because the accounts appear scripted/programmed to use a behavioral strategy employed by sexual offenders:

Victim and
psychology  sexism  abuse  violence 
october 2018
stories from my martial arts days where FEMALE SENSEI taught me
After a day of Kill Bill 1&2 and other sundry films of women kicking ass, I remembered some stories from my martial arts days where FEMALE SENSEI taught me how all of my body's weaknesses were ACTUALLY STRENGTHS and how MEN'S STRENGTHS can be their BIGGEST WEAKNESSES. (THREAD)
maleprivilege  sexism  women 
october 2018
Trump is breaking the federal government's promises to Native Americans
The United States has long guaranteed Native Americans access to healthcare, mostly through commitments the federal government made to Indian tribes in exchange for land. Repeal of Obamacare would put much of this tribal healthcare at risk, including the care received by more than 290,000 American Indians and Alaska Natives through the Medicaid expansion.

resident Trump's proposed 2,200-mile border wall, for instance, is not merely ludicrous immigration policy and a massive waste of taxpayer money, it also shows profound disregard for the sovereign rights of Native Americans.

The Tohono O'odham Nation, which is roughly the size of Connecticut, straddles 62 miles of the U.S.-Mexico border in Arizona. Trump's wall would cut right through the reservation, including land that is sacred burial ground. Until now, the tribe has accommodated U.S. Customs and Border Protection, allowing a fence to be built and border patrol agents to guard it, but it adamantly opposes Trump's barricade. Nevertheless, last month, House Republicans approved $1.6 billion to construct part of the wall.

Trump's budget also betrays his contempt for Indian Country. If budgets are moral documents, his is morally bankrupt: It calls for more than $300 million in cuts to the U.S. Department of the Interior's Indian Affairs budget. Trump wants to cut $64 million from education, $21 million from law enforcement and public safety, $23 million from human services and $50 million from housing programs. These programs represent more than money; they're investments with which the federal government honors its treaties with tribal nations.
nativeamericans  landUse  healthcare  realEstate 
september 2018
The Myth of the Ethical Shopper
The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport calls Li & Fung’s operations “ephemeral.” It has 15,000 supplier factories in 40 countries, but doesn’t own or operate any of them. It’s a coordinator, configuring cotton suppliers, textile mills, stitching and sewing houses into a straight line just long enough to deliver one order to one buyer, and then reconfiguring them for the next.

Li & Fung does inspect its suppliers and send reports back to its buyers. But there’s no guarantee that orders will be filled by the same factory twice, and audits are often carried out after the order has already been placed. And so clothing companies have no ability or incentive to fix what they find.

Jeroen Merk, a researcher at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam—and one of the few academics who’s investigating the megasuppliers—says their business model is deliberately organized to keep buyers separated from factories. If brands discover what factories charge, they might work with them directly and keep the margin for themselves. Some companies ordering clothes through megasuppliers, he says, don’t know which factories they were made in—or even which countries.

After the Tazreen fire, NGO campaigns focused on how Wal-Mart was responsible for 60 percent of the clothing being produced there. But Wal-Mart never actually placed an order with Tazreen. In fact, over a year before the fire, Wal-Mart inspected the factory and discovered that it was unsafe. By the time of the fire, it had banned its suppliers from using it.

So here’s how its products ended up at Tazreen anyway: Wal-Mart hired a megasupplier called Success Apparel to fill an order for shorts. Success hired another company, Simco, to carry out the work. Simco—without telling Success, much less Wal-Mart—sub-contracted 7 percent of the order to Tazreen’s parent company, the Tuba Group, which then assigned it to Tazreen. Two other sub- (or sub-sub-sub-) contractors also placed Wal-Mart orders at Tazreen, also without telling the company.

We are not going to shop ourselves into a better world. Advocating for boring stuff like complaint mechanisms and formalized labor contracts is nowhere near as satisfying as buying a pair of Fair Trade sandals or whatever. But that’s how the hard work of development actually gets done: Not by imploring people to buy better, but by giving them no other option.
workersrights  safety  wealthinequality  fashion  economy 
september 2018
Everything You Know About Obesity Is Wrong
For 60 years, doctors and researchers have known two things that could have improved, or even saved, millions of lives. The first is that diets do not work.

The second big lesson the medical establishment has learned and rejected over and over again is that weight and health are not perfect synonyms. Yes, nearly every population-level study finds that fat people have worse cardiovascular health than thin people. But individuals are not averages: Studies have found that anywhere from one-third to three-quarters of people classified as obese are metabolically healthy. They show no signs of elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance or high cholesterol. Meanwhile, about a quarter of non-overweight people are what epidemiologists call “the lean unhealthy.” A 2016 study that followed participants for an average of 19 years found that unfit skinny people were twice as likely to get diabetes as fit fat people. Habits, no matter your size, are what really matter. Dozens of indicators, from vegetable consumption to regular exercise to grip strength, provide a better snapshot of someone’s health than looking at her from across a room.

Other physicians sincerely believe that shaming fat people is the best way to motivate them to lose weight.

This belief is cartoonishly out of step with a generation of research into obesity and human behavior. As one of the (many) stigma researchers who responded to Callahan’s article pointed out, shaming smokers and drug users with D.A.R.E.-style “just say no” messages may have actually increased substance abuse by making addicts less likely to bring up their habit with their doctors and family members.

In a study that recorded 461 interactions with doctors, only 13 percent of patients got any specific plan for diet or exercise and only 5 percent got help arranging a follow-up visit.

The stress hormone cortisol—the one evolution designed to kick in when you’re being chased by a tiger or, it turns out, rejected for your looks—increases appetite, reduces the will to exercise and even improves the taste of food.

The problem is that in America, like everywhere else, our institutions of public health have become so obsessed with body weight that they have overlooked what is really killing us: our food supply. Diet is the leading cause of death in the United States, responsible for more than five times the fatalities of gun violence and car accidents combined. But it’s not how much we’re eating—Americans actually consume fewer calories now than we did in 2003. It’s what we’re eating.

For more than a decade now, researchers have found that the quality of our food affects disease risk independently of its effect on weight. Fructose, for example, appears to damage insulin sensitivity and liver function more than other sweeteners with the same number of calories. People who eat nuts four times a week have 12 percent lower diabetes incidence and a 13 percent lower mortality rate regardless of their weight. All of our biological systems for regulating energy, hunger and satiety get thrown off by eating foods that are high in sugar, low in fiber and injected with additives. And which now, shockingly, make up 60 percent of the calories we eat.
medicine  health  healthcare  fatShaming 
september 2018
Astronomers Have Found the Universe's Missing Matter
Now, in a series of three recent papers, astronomers have identified the final chunks of all the ordinary matter in the universe. (They are still deeply perplexed as to what makes up dark matter.) And despite the fact that it took so long to identify it all, researchers spotted it right where they had expected it to be all along: in extensive tendrils of hot gas that span the otherwise empty chasms between galaxies, more properly known as the warm-hot intergalactic medium, or WHIM.
physics  astrophysics  astronomy  science 
september 2018
Ten years after Lehman’s collapse, these 10 risks could cause the next crisis
Foreign corporate debt
Collateralized loan obligations
Nonbank mortgage lenders
Shadow banking
Exchange-traded funds
High frequency trading
Bank deregulation
Something else
WallStreet  wealthinequality  economy 
september 2018
Royalty-Free Music
electronic instrumentals in various genres
music  spooky  horror 
september 2018
Humanfobia Discography
Humanfobia is Mist Spectra: Vocals, visual support, /// Sábila Orbe: Vocals, Sound Programming, Mixer. Genres: Dark Electronic, Noise, Experimental, Ghost Computer Music. In this blog you can find the main links to their music releases. All for free download and only in digital format. For more info visit: https://humanfobia.jimdo.com/ - fb: https://www.facebook.com/humanfobia
music  spooky  horror 
september 2018
X-IMG Berlin, Germany
A platform for dark electronic music & audio/video art started by SARIN in 2015.
music  edm 
september 2018
Wi-Fi Gets More Secure: Everything You Need to Know About WPA3
Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE) is a new method of authenticating a device trying to connect to a network. A variation of the so-called dragonfly handshake that uses cryptography to prevent an eavesdropper guessing a password, SAE dictates exactly how a new device, or user, should “greet” a network router when they exchange cryptographic keys.

Wi-Fi currently delivers security with 128-bit security. The 192-bit security protocol will not be mandatory but rather an optional setting for institutions that want or require it for their networks. The Wi-Fi Alliance is also emphasizing that enterprise networks should have a strong level of cryptographic strength throughout: The overall strength of a system’s security hinges on its weakest link.

Easy Connect is a recognition of the sheer number of connected devices in the world today. While not everyone may be jumping on the smart-home trend, odds are that the average person today has at least a few more devices connected to their home router than they did in 2004. Easy Connect is the Wi-Fi Alliance’s effort to make connecting all those devices more intuitive.

Rather than enter passwords every time you want to add something to your network, devices will have unique QR codes—each device’s code will function as a sort of public key. To add a device, you scan the code using a smartphone already connected to the network.

Enhanced Open uses Opportunistic Wireless Encryption (OWE), defined in the Internet Engineering Task Force RFC 8110 standard, to protect against this sort of passive eavesdropping. OWE does not require any sort of additional authentication protection—it’s focused on improving the encryption of data sent over public networks so eavesdroppers can’t steal it. It also prevents so-called unsophisticated packet injection, in which an attacker attempts to subvert the network’s operations by constructing and transmitting data packets that look like they are part of the network’s normal operations.
infosec  security  wifi 
september 2018
Why 95.8% of Female Newscasters Have the Same Hair
But when she was out chasing stories in the college town, people kept mistaking her for a student. She went to her news director for advice, and his response had nothing to do with developing her fledgling reporting skills. “He was like, ‘You have to cut your hair to look older,’” she recalled.

Kamady Rudd, now an anchor at ABC affiliate WZZM in Grand Rapids, Michigan, recalls being asked during multiple job interviews whether she’d cut her hair into something that more closely resembled an anchor bob (her current station didn’t make such a request). Consultants have told her to tease her roots to add body. “It’s one cut for everyone,” she says. “They want you to be trendy, but not too trendy. They want you to look nice, but not too nice. It has to be on this really fine line.”
sexism  journalism 
september 2018
1 The Life Coach
2 Tone Police
3 The Gaslighter
4 Cookie Manster
5 Himpathy
6 Sealion
7 Mansplainer
8 The Prestige
9 Trolls, Creeps, Fools
mansplaining  sealioning  socialmedia  maleprivilege 
september 2018
Kansas woman told birth certificate wasn’t enough to prove citizenship for passport
“Border crossing card or green card for your parents issued prior to your birth? My parents were born in the United States….Early religious records? We don’t have any. Family Bible? They won’t accept a birth certificate but they will accept a family Bible?” Barbara said.
usa  fascism 
september 2018
Rethinking the Abortion Conversation
Think of abortion as the "cure" for the "disease" of unwanted pregnancy. What causes unwanted pregnancy? Irresponsible ejaculations.

abortion  maleprivilege  reproductiveRights  birthcontrol 
september 2018
Hackers Can Steal a Tesla Model S in Seconds by Cloning Its Key Fob
Like most automotive keyless entry systems, Tesla Model S key fobs send an encrypted code, based on a secret cryptographic key, to a car's radios to trigger it to unlock and disable its immobilizer, allowing the car's engine to start. After nine months of on-and-off reverse engineering work, the KU Leuven team discovered in the summer of 2017 that the Tesla Model S keyless entry system, built by a manufacturer called Pektron, used only a weak 40-bit cipher to encrypt those key fob codes.

The researchers found that once they gained two codes from any given key fob, they could simply try every possible cryptographic key until they found the one that unlocked the car. They then computed all the possible keys for any combination of code pairs to create a massive, 6-terabyte table of pre-computed keys. With that table and those two codes, the hackers say they can look up the correct cryptographic key to spoof any key fob in just 1.6 seconds.
encryption  hacking 
september 2018
Fuck You Bluebeard You Don’t Know Me
There’s a story Grandpa used to tell by the fire about a Lady who was engaged to be married to a very rich man. He’d had many wives before, it was said, but they’d all vanished. This caused the Lady some concern, but her parents just saw his money and sent her off to be wed, and she being in the sort of predicament she was, resolved to find her own way through it.
folklore  workersrights  wealthinequality 
september 2018
Why Stripping U.S. Citizens of Their Passports Is a Precursor to Genocide
Hispanic U.S. citizens, some of whom were in the U.S. military, are not being allowed to renew their passports. This is reportedly happening to “hundreds, even thousands” of Latinos, according to a report in the Washington Post. They’re getting letters from the State Department saying it does not believe they are citizens. The government claims their citizenships are fraudulent. “I’ve had probably 20 people who have been sent to the detention center—U.S. citizens,” Jaime Diez, an attorney in Brownsville, told The Washington Post.

The Washington Post also reports on ICE officials coming to citizens' homes and taking their passports away. This is an escalation from a few months ago, when Americans were detained by ICE officials just for speaking Spanish to one another.
racism  immigration 
september 2018
Life after death: Americans are embracing new ways to leave their remains
One example of this is a new method of disposing of human remains called alkaline hydrolysis, which involves using water and a salt-based solution to dissolve human remains. Often referred as “water cremation,” it’s preferred by many as a greener alternative to cremation by fire, which consumes fossil fuels. Most funeral homes that offer both methods of cremation charge the same price.

A rising number of families are also interested in so-called “home funerals,” in which the remains are cleaned and prepared for disposition at home by the family, religious community or friends. Home funerals are followed by cremation, or burial in a family cemetery, a traditional cemetery or a green cemetery.

Assisted by funeral directors or educated by home funeral guides, families that choose home funerals are returning to a set of practices that predate the modern funeral industry.
landUse  environment 
september 2018
Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins $3 million prize for discovering pulsars
The astronomer was famously excluded from the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics

Bell Burnell received her PhD in 1969. Hewish won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1974 for the discovery of the first pulsars, sharing the honor with fellow astronomer Martin Ryle. Noticeably absent from the citation: the woman who pored through all those records and made the actual discovery.

The omission infuriated many astronomers who felt Bell Burnell had been unfairly overlooked, but she herself is much more circumspect about that controversial decision, pointing out that she was still a graduate student at the time. "I believe it would demean Nobel Prizes if they were awarded to research students, except in very exceptional cases, and I do not believe this is one of them," she said during an after-dinner speech at the New York Academy of Sciences in 1977.

Shortly after the momentous discovery, she married Martin Burnell, a government officer whose job required them to move every few years or so in order for him to receive promotions. That itineracy severely curtailed Bell Burnell's professional options. Every time the family relocated, she would write "a begging letter" to the head of whatever astronomy institution was in that locale, asking if there might be a part-time position for her. Such positions rarely involved original research, which she conducted in her limited spare time.

"I got the kinds of jobs you get when you write begging letters," Bell Burnell says ruefully: public relations, or managing observatories, or coordinating research groups. While today she appreciates the wide range of experience she gained, "some of it was a bit hard to swallow." She compares this stage of her career to a game of Snakes and Ladders. She would work her way up to a position of greater prestige and responsibility, only to move again and have to start right back at the bottom. Had she been a Nobel Laureate, the begging most certainly would have come from the institutions, and the offers would have been for research positions.
astronomy  sexism 
september 2018
Microwave Weapons Are Prime Suspect in Ills of U.S. Embassy Workers
Diplomats and their families recounted high-pitched sounds in homes and hotel rooms at times intense enough to incapacitate. Long-term, the symptoms included nausea, crushing headaches, fatigue, dizziness, sleep problems and hearing loss.

In Albuquerque, N.M., Air Force scientists sought to beam comprehensible speech into the heads of adversaries. Their novel approach won a patent in 2002, and an update in 2003. Both were assigned to the Air Force secretary, helping limit the idea’s dissemination.

The lead inventor said the research team had “experimentally demonstrated” that the “signal is intelligible.” As for the invention’s uses, an Air Force disclosure form listed the first application as “Psychological Warfare.”

The Navy sought to paralyze. The Frey effect was to induce sounds powerful enough to cause painful discomfort and, if needed, leave targets unable to move. The weapon, the Navy noted, would have a “low probability of fatalities or permanent injuries.”
espionage  war  usa 
september 2018
Transcript: Former President Obama's speech at the University of Illinois
This Congress has championed the unwinding of campaign finance laws to give billionaires outside influence over our politics, systematically attacked voting rights to make it harder for young people, and minorities and the poor to vote. Handed out tax cuts without regard to deficits. Slashed the safety net wherever it could, cast dozens of votes to take away health insurance from ordinary Americans, embraced wild conspiracy theories like those surrounding Benghazi. Or my birth certificate. Rejected science. Rejected facts on things like climate change. Embraced a rising absolutism from a willingness to default on America’s debt by not paying our bills, to a refusal to even meet, much less consider, a qualified nominee for the Supreme Court because he happened to be nominated by a Democratic president.

None of this is conservative. I don’t mean to pretend I’m channeling Abraham Lincoln now, but that’s not what he had in mind, I think, when he helped form the Republican Party. It’s not conservative. It sure isn’t normal. It’s radical.
politics  obama 
september 2018
Massacre in Myanmar
How Myanmar forces burned, looted and killed in a remote village

On Sept. 2, Buddhist villagers and Myanmar troops killed 10 Rohingya men in Myanmar's restive Rakhine state. Reuters uncovered the massacre and has pieced together how it unfolded. During the reporting of this article, two Reuters journalists were arrested by Myanmar police.
genocide  massacre  Myanmar  journalism 
september 2018
No, a former Kavanaugh clerk didn’t flash a “white power sign.” Here’s what really happened.
Back in February 2017, Pitcavage writes, a 4chan user proposed an effort called “Operation O-KKK” in which he and allies would, in the anonymous user’s words, “flood Twitter and other social media websites … claiming that the OK hand sign is a symbol of white supremacy.” Here’s the original 4chan post, as shared by KnowYourMeme:

The choice of the okay symbol for the prank, as KnowYourMeme editor-in-chief Brad Kim explains, was not totally arbitrary; “Sometime during the 2016 United States presidential election,” Kim writes, “Pizza Party Ben and Milo Yiannopoulos began making the gesture together at various events supporting the candidacy of Donald Trump.”
4chan  politics 
september 2018
Scientists Warn the UN of Capitalism's Imminent Demise
For the “first time in human history,” the paper says, capitalist economies are “shifting to energy sources that are less energy efficient.” This applies to all forms of energy. Producing usable energy (“exergy”) to keep powering “both basic and non-basic human activities” in industrial civilisation “will require more, not less, effort.”

“Sink costs are also rising; economies have used up the capacity of planetary ecosystems to handle the waste generated by energy and material use. Climate change is the most pronounced sink cost,” the paper states.

EROI is a simple ratio that measures how much energy we use to extract more energy.

Now we’re using more and more energy to extract smaller quantities of fossil fuels. Which means higher production costs to produce what we need to keep the economy rolling.

But it’s harder and more expensive to get out. And the environmental costs of doing so are rising dramatically, as we’ve caught a glimpse of with this summer’s global heatwave.

...Mason completely ignores the colossal, exponentially increasing physical infrastructure for the ‘internet-of-things.’ His digital uprising is projected to consume evermore vast quantities of energy (as much as 1/5 of global electricity by 2025), producing 14% of global carbon emissions by 2040.

Overall, the paper claims that we have moved into a new, unpredictable and unprecedented space in which the conventional economic toolbox has no answers. As slow economic growth simmers along, central banks have resorted to negative interest rates and buying up huge quantities of public debt to keep our economies rolling.

The economic transition must involve efforts “to lower total energy use.”

Key areas to achieve this include transport, food, and construction. City planning needs to adapt to the promotion of walking and biking, a shift toward public transport, as well as the electrification of transport. Homes and workplaces will become more connected and localised. Meanwhile, international freight transport and aviation cannot continue to grow at current rates.

As with transport, the global food system will need to be overhauled. Climate change and oil-intensive agriculture have unearthed the dangers of countries becoming dependent on food imports from a few main production areas. A shift toward food self-sufficiency across both poorer and richer countries will be essential. And ultimately, dairy and meat should make way for largely plant-based diets.
economy  capitalism  energy  sustainability  oil 
september 2018
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