brainwane + philosophy   3

Technology and the Virtues: Change Yourself, Change the Future – mssv
"In Mengzi’s view, the majority of human beings are numb to the threat to our own dignity posed by the ethically compromised ways in which we allow ourselves to live. We all share the beggar’s natural inclination to preserve his own dignity, but due to the relative comfort of our lives this inclination is no longer actively engaged, it is not part of our daily awareness. This failure to habitually care for our self-respect and moral dignity results in a lack of moral courage; when presented with a choice between giving up some material or social comfort to which we are accustomed, and surrendering even more of our moral respectability, our will to endure the former to save the latter is lacking. I expect that many readers will find Mengzi’s point no less resonant in our contemporary world."
philosophy  inspiration 
25 days ago by brainwane
What to expect when you're expecting Indian philosophy | History of Philosophy without any gaps
starts with:

Introduction to Indian Philosophy
Historical Overview (periods of Indian thought from antiquity to 20th century)
India in the Vedic Period
The Upaniṣads (3 episodes)
Language in the Grammar of Pāṇini and his Commentators
Challenges to the Brahmanic culture: Buddhists and Jainas
The Buddha (2 episodes)
Political Thought (Aśoka and the Arthaśāstra of Kauṭilya)
The Mahābhārata (2 episodes)
Women philosophers in the Upaniṣads and Mahābhārata
september 2015 by brainwane
interview with Jonardon Ganeri about the history of Indian philosophy
"Taking Christianity as the exemplar of religion skews philosophical discussion towards attempts to solve, resolve or dissolve difficult philosophical puzzles inherent in monotheism: problems about God’s powers, goodness and knowledge; attempts to provide rational arguments for God’s existence; the problem of evil; and so on. Hindu philosophers have traditionally been far more interested in a quite different array of problems... is hard, and doing the right thing is difficult; that leading a moral life is at best an enigmatic and ambiguous project. No escape route from moral conflict by imitating the actions of a morally perfect individual is on offer here. Krishna, unlike Christ, the Buddha or Mohammed is not portrayed as morally perfect...

...To the extent that Hindus worship one God, they tend to be henotheists, that is, worshiping their God but not denying the existence of others...

...religious texts are often not viewed as making truth claims, which might then easily contradict one another. Instead, they are seen as devices through which one achieves self transformation....

...the path of knowledge, the path of religious performance and the path of devotion....

...One of the important virtues of these epics [Mahabharata and Ramayana] is that they give voice to a range of participants within Hinduism that tend to go unheard: women, the disenfranchised, the outsider, the migrant. They provide these groups with important models for social and political intervention. That’s one reason they have always been very popular works within the Hindu diaspora....

[on caste] ...Hinduism contains *within itself* the philosophical resources to sustain an internal critique of reprehensible and unjust social practices that have sometimes emerged in Hindu societies."
philosophy  casteism 
september 2015 by brainwane

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