barbarafister + bigdata   61

Smart cities will always have a data privacy problem — Quartz
How can cities around the world benefit from data-enabled technologies without sacrificing privacy?
AlgoReport  IoT  surveillance  smartcities  bigdata  privacy  surveillancecapitalism 
13 hours ago by barbarafister
Reconciling Calls for “More and Better Data” with “Responsible Data Use” | Center For Global Development
The “more and better data” movement is based on the premise that well-intentioned governments can better serve the poor and vulnerable if they have basic information about them. Until recently, this notion would have seemed uncontroversial. But growing concern about the risks created by the misuse of data—particularly personal data—has led to a shift in attitudes that has forced the development community, along with society more broadly, to consider how much governments should know about their citizens and how much companies should know about their customers.
government  privacy  discrimination  AlgoReport  bigdata  publicgood 
21 days ago by barbarafister
Google faces backlash, lawsuit for gathering health data from hospitals - Business Insider
For years, Google has been quietly gathering people's health data through partnerships with hospitals and universities in order to build its artificial intelligence systems meant to predict health trends.
AlgoReport  bigdata  healthcare  analytics  Google  privacy 
22 days ago by barbarafister
Amazon’s new grocery store is watching our every move. But we asked for this. - News @ Northeastern
In Amazon’s new grocery store, there are no registers, and you can walk out as soon as you’ve grabbed what you need. The catch? All the information about your purchase lives in sensors, computers, and the cameras hanging from the ceiling. But to Christo Wilson, associate professor in Northeastern’s Khoury College of Computer Sciences, not much has changed. “Amazon knows a ton about you,” he says, and customers oblige for the sake of convenience and choice. These are factors traditional grocery stores, by offering unblemished apples and thirty kinds of crackers, have already conditioned people to expect, fellow professor Christopher Bosso says. “The enemy is us.”
Amazon  privacy  bigdata  AlgoReport 
23 days ago by barbarafister
OHCHR | World stumbling zombie-like into a digital welfare dystopia, warns UN human rights expert
A UN human rights expert has expressed concerns about the emergence of the "digital welfare state", saying that all too often the real motives behind such programs are to slash welfare spending, set up intrusive government surveillance systems and generate profits for private corporate interests.
socialinfrastructure  bigdata  government  privacy  surveillance 
24 days ago by barbarafister
'They know us better than we know ourselves': how Amazon tracked my last two years of reading | Technology | The Guardian
When I requested my personal information from Amazon this month under California’s new privacy law, I received mostly what I expected: my order history, shipping information and customer support chat logs. But tucked into the dozens of files were also two Excel spreadsheets, more than 20,000 lines each, with titles, time stamps and actions detailing my reading habits on the Kindle app on my iPhone.
Amazon  reading  surveillance  privacy  bigdata  AlgoReport 
26 days ago by barbarafister
Are AI baby monitors designed to save lives or just prey on parents’ anxieties? - The Washington Post
Baby-monitor companies are pushing artificial-intelligence technology into the family nursery, promising that surveillance software designed to record infants’ faces, sounds and movements can save them from injury or death. But medical, parenting and privacy experts say the safety claims made for such Internet-connected systems aren’t supported by science and merely prey on the fears of young parents to sell dubious technology. No federal agency has provided evidence to back them up.
fear  monitoring  bigdata  surveillance  IoT  AlgoReport 
4 weeks ago by barbarafister
The data economy - A deluge of data is giving rise to a new economy | Special report | The Economist
AN ARMY OF doppelgangers is invading the world. Digital copies of aircraft engines, wind turbines and other heavy equipment came first. Now the electronic ghosts of smaller and larger things are joining them in the virtual realm, from toothbrushes and traffic lights to entire shops and factories. Even humans have begun developing these alter egos. In America the National Football League is planning to design an electronic avatar for every player. These “digital twins”, as geeks term them, are far more than replicas of the original. Think of them more as shadows that are, thanks to a multitude of sensors and wireless connectivity, intimately linked to their physical selves, and every day producing oceans of data. [Paywalled; check with your library]
privacy  bigdata  virtualreality  tech&society  AlgoReport 
4 weeks ago by barbarafister
Frontiers | Social Data: Biases, Methodological Pitfalls, and Ethical Boundaries | Big Data
Social data in digital form—including user-generated content, expressed or implicit relations between people, and behavioral traces—are at the core of popular applications and platforms, driving the research agenda of many researchers.... We identify a variety of menaces in the practices around social data use, and organize them in a framework that helps to identify them.
bigdata  AlgoReport  researchmethods  socialmedia  research  tech&society 
5 weeks ago by barbarafister
Big data opens up vast new possibilities for insurers | Financial Times
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If there is one thing that generates feverish excitement in the insurance world, it is the huge potential for new sources of data to revolutionise the way the industry works ... Insurance has traditionally been based on the concept of risk pooling, in which groups of people share risks. But by using more data and segmenting risks more finely, those pools break down. Prices are more tailored to each customer.
bigdata  insurance  risk  discrimination  AlgoReport 
5 weeks ago by barbarafister
Amazon: How Bezos built his data machine
Amazon “happen to sell products, but they are a data company,” says James Thomson, one of the former executives interviewed.

“Each opportunity to interact with a customer is another opportunity to collect data.”
AlgoReport  tech&society  privacy  bigdata  surveillancecapitalism  Amazon 
5 weeks ago by barbarafister
Data Brokers are Cruising for a Bruising | WIRED
We blame hackers for breaches, but shadowy brokers are often just as culpable, and they need to be held accountable.
data  bigdata  surveillance  security  databrokers  AlgoReport 
5 weeks ago by barbarafister
Is your phone or Fitbit the future of medical diagnosis? - Vox
Digital phenotyping, which can detect patterns from text messages, movements, and even our speech, could transform health care. But is our personal information at stake?
privacy  medical  bigdata  healthcare  AlgoReport 
6 weeks ago by barbarafister
OU Digital Teaching: LMS, Privacy, and Purpose Limitation: A response to Melissa Loble
Canvas has always been cloud-based, it has accumulated data in a way that the other major LMS companies have not.
bigdata  AlgoReport  LMS  students  Canvas  privacy  edtech 
6 weeks ago by barbarafister
Data-driven elections: implications and challenges for democratic societies | Internet Policy Review
There is a pervasive assumption that elections can be won and lost on the basis of which candidate or party has the better data on the preferences and behaviour of the electorate. But there are myths and realities about data-driven elections. It is time to assess the actual implications of data-driven elections in the light of the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica scandal, and to reconsider the broader terms of the international debate. Political micro-targeting, and the voter analytics upon which it is based, are essentially forms of surveillance. We know a lot about how surveillance harms democratic values. We know a lot less, however, about how surveillance spreads as a result of democratic practices – by the agents and organisations that encourage us to vote (or not vote). The articles in this collection, developed out of a workshop hosted by the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner for British Columbia in April 2019, address the most central issues about data-driven elections, and particularly the impact of US social media platforms on local political institutions and cultures. The balance between rights to privacy, and the rights of political actors to communicate with the electorate, is struck in different ways in different jurisdictions depending on a complex interplay of various legal, political, and cultural factors. Collectively, the articles in this collection signal the necessary questions for academics and regulators in the years ahead.
specialissue  elections  bigdata  politics  AlgoReport 
7 weeks ago by barbarafister
Algorithms drive online discrimination, academic warns
Sandra Wachter says AI uses sensitive personal traits to target or exclude people in ads
AlgoReport  discrimination  bigdata  adtech  privacy 
7 weeks ago by barbarafister
New ’Off-Facebook Activity’ tool shows exactly how much the social network tracks your life - The Washington Post
The new ‘Off-Facebook Activity’ tool reminds us we’re living in a reality TV program where the cameras are always on. Here are the privacy settings to change right now.
AlgoReport  tech&society  facebook  surveillancecapitalism  bigdata  privacy  surveillance 
8 weeks ago by barbarafister
Privacy, Poverty, and Big Data: A Matrix of Vulnerabilities for Poor Americans - viewcontent.cgi
This Article examines the matrix of vulnerabilities that low-income people face as a result of the collection and aggregation of big data and the application of predictive analytics. On one hand, big data systems could reverse growing economic inequality by expanding access to opportunities for low-income people. On the other hand, big data could widen economic gaps by making it possible to prey on low-income people or to exclude them from opportunities due to biases entrenched in algorithmic decision-making tools. New kinds of “networked privacy” harms, in which users are simultaneously held liable for their own behavior and the actions of those in their networks, may have particularly negative impacts on the poor.
bigdata  privacy  surveillance  discrimination  poverty  law  solutions  AlgoReport 
9 weeks ago by barbarafister
How ICE Picks Its Targets in the Surveillance Age - The New York Times
After two officers came to a Pacific Northwest community, longtime residents began to disappear — a testament to the agency’s quiet embrace of big data.
PILprimer  bigdata  radlib  tech&society  privacy  AlgoReport 
october 2019 by barbarafister
Opinion | Think You’re Discreet Online? Think Again - The New York Times
People concerned about privacy often try to be “careful” online. They stay off social media, or if they’re on it, they post cautiously. They don’t share information about their religious beliefs, personal life, health status or political views. By doing so, they think they are protecting their privacy.

But they are wrong. Because of technological advances and the sheer amount of data now available about billions of other people, discretion no longer suffices to protect your privacy. Computer algorithms and network analyses can now infer, with a sufficiently high degree of accuracy, a wide range of things about you that you may have never disclosed, including your moods, your political beliefs, your sexual orientation and your health.
bigdata  tech&society  radlib  privacy  PILprimer  AlgoReport 
april 2019 by barbarafister
Facebook Doesn’t Tell Users Everything it Really Knows About Them - ProPublica
Facebook has long let users see all sorts of things the site knows about them, like whether they enjoy soccer, have recently moved, or like Melania Trump.

But the tech giant gives users little indication that it buys far more sensitive data about them, including their income, the types of restaurants they frequent and even how many credit cards are in their wallets.
facebook  privacy  bigdata  advertising  radlib 
december 2016 by barbarafister
Public In/Formation
Librarians on the planning commission! Archivists in the police academy! Why not? Now more than ever, the agencies and corporations that are “instrumenting” our connected, intelligent cities need exposure to democratic, humanist convictions and sensibilities. I don’t mean to romanticize knowledge workers. I know that cultural institutions have their own dark histories and scandals, that their budgets and mandates are already stretched thin, that they, too, are implicated in political structures that can be oppressive and unjust. Nevertheless, they are guardians of a critical, contextual approach to information, which is a public resource every bit as necessary as streets and sewer lines. 13
bigdata  libraries  democracy  radlib 
december 2016 by barbarafister
What do we want criminal justice technology to be?
a perfectly “fair” and “unbiased” digital system that takes actually existing social relations as its blueprint will achieve little more than transubstantiating an organizing social logic, racism (to say nothing of classism or queerphobia), into an engineering concern.
privacy  technology  facialrecognition  lawenforcement  bigdata  radlib 
october 2016 by barbarafister
Deep-Fried Data
The commercial Internet is an amazing achievement. But its values are the opposite of a library. ...


Like a lot of nerdy kids of my generation, I spent half adolescence at the library, or at home reading library books. Along with schoolbooks and crappy 90's TV, the Glenview Public Library was my window on the world.

I never reflected on why this unremarkable suburban library existed, who funded it, where its values had come from, or how long it would be around. It was as immutable a part of the world to me as Lake Michigan.

But it taught me that like everyone else, I had a right to learn and was welcome. That I could ask questions, and learn how to find my way to the answers. It taught me the importance of being quiet in public places.

For the generation growing up now, the Internet is their window on the world. They take it for granted. It’s only us, who have seen it take shape, and are aware of all the ways it could have been different, who understand that it's fragile, contingent. The coming years will decide to what extent the Internet be a medium for consumption, to what extent it will lift people up, and to what extent it will become a tool of social control.

The way things are right now, the Internet is a shopping mall. There are two big anchor stores, Facebook and Google, at either end. There’s an Apple store in the middle, along with a Sharper Image where they are trying to sell us the Internet of Things. A couple of punk kids hang out in the food court, but they don't really make trouble. This mall is well-policed and has security cameras everywhere. And you guys are the bookmobile in the parking lot, put there to try to make it classy.

My dream for the web is for it to feel like big city. A place where you rub elbows with people who are not like you. Somewhere a little bit scary, a little chaotic, full of everything you can imagine and a lot of things that you can't. A place where there’s room for chain stores, room for entertainment conglomerates, but also room for people to be themselves, to create their own spaces, and to learn from one another.

And of course, room for big, beautiful, huge, tremendous libraries.
data  privacy  bigdata  libraries  preservation  radlib 
october 2016 by barbarafister
Keep adding. On kill lists, drone warfare and the politics of databases
Article by Jutta Weber - Abstract: Alongside drones and Special Forces, the ‘disposition matrix’ – a kill/capture list and database – is a key device in the US government’s global ‘war on terror’, in which targeting individuals has become increasingly institutionalized. The majority of studies to date have focused on the human world of the military, insurgents and policy makers with a limited access to reliable knowledge. Using insights from technoscience and software studies, I seek here to develop a material-based perspective focusing on the neglected non-human world of software artefacts, which codify, standardize and sort our world. I will first present available knowledge about the ‘disposition matrix’ and the ‘targeting methodology’. Second, I will elaborate on the materiality of databases and data mining algorithms, showing how their technorationality is built on recombination, which fosters the production of possible future targets for a data-driven killing apparatus, in which human and non-human decision-making processes are intimately intertwined. In the third part of my article, I will discuss how computational actors make the messy targeting process more opaque and less traceable – not at least because of their underlying technorationality with its open-ended search heuristics – which advances a possibilistic, preemptive culture of technosecurity.
drones  warfare  databases  algorithms  bigdata  tech&society 
february 2016 by barbarafister

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