Why media companies insist they're not media companies, why they're wrong, and why it matters | Napoli | First Monday
the framing of social media platforms and digital content curators purely as technology companies marginalizes the increasingly prominent political and cultural dimensions of their operation, which grow more pronounced as these platforms become central gatekeepers of news and information in the contemporary media ecosystem. In these situations, in which there is a disconnect between function and framing, we have a “discourse [that] serves to shape an institution that it fails to describe” [17]. This techno-centric framing can contribute to these platforms operating largely outside of the legal and regulatory frameworks that have been established for electronic media organizations; frameworks that were established largely because of the significant political and cultural dimensions of their operation.
socialmedia  tech&society  radlib 
23 days ago
Why We’re So Hypocritical About Online Privacy
Because people’s concerns about privacy don’t seem to translate into behaviors to protect privacy, it is quite easy to envision a future in which everything we do online becomes part of our public reputation. Our digital footprint can already be used to infer our deepest character traits; a 2013 study of 58,000 Facebook users (who volunteered for the study) was able to reliably predict sexual orientation, gender, race, age, religious and political views, level of intelligence, alcohol and cigarette use, drug use, and whether the volunteer’s parents were separated. The researchers were also able to predict, to some degree, personality traits, such as extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, emotional stability, and agreeableness.

If that’s what we can do already, is it really so hard to imagine a future in which our Uber ratings could be used to infer our likability or emotional intelligence, our Spotify and Netflix preferences to infer our curiosity and openness to experience, or our Amazon history to infer our impulsivity and conscientiousness?
privacy  jterm2018 
24 days ago
Prior Exposure Increases Perceived Accuracy of Fake News by Gordon Pennycook, Tyrone D Cannon, David G. Rand :: SSRN
Tagging a story as disputed doesn't help. If people see stories repeated, their belief in them goes up regardless of whether they want to believe them or not.

"These findings have implications beyond just fake news on social media. They suggest that politicians who continuously repeat false statements will be successful, at least to some extent, in convincing people those statements are in fact true. Indeed, the word “delusion” derives from a Latin term conveying the notion of mocking, defrauding, and deception. And the familiarity effect for highly salient and impactful information we demonstrate here suggests that familiarity may also play an important role in domains beyond politics, such as the formation of religious and paranormal beliefs where claims are difficult to either validate or reject empirically. When the truth is hard to come by, familiarity is an attractive stand-in." Study involved hundreds of people using Mechanical Turk.
fakenews  psychology 
24 days ago
Who's Tracking Your Faceprint? - The Atlantic
Your face is yours. It is a defining feature of your identity. But it’s also just another datapoint waiting to be collected. At a time when cameras are ubiquitous and individual data collection is baked into nearly every transaction a person can make, faces are increasingly up for grabs.
biometrics  privacy  facialrecognition  radlib 
8 weeks ago
Visualizing the network that connects mainstream and extremist news
Now mainstream media have significant motivation to safeguard the data of their readers, both to keep them as customers and to maintain their credibility as a source of good information. But what about the adtech they use? Would you feel particularly violated if adnxs.com or 2mdn.net were in the news tomorrow as the source of a major data breach? And yet, outside of Google, those are two of the most prevalent sources of adtech in the sites we examined. The integrity of these ad sources are crucial to our ability to own, control, and safeguard our personal information. If any one of them fails, we could be in a heap of trouble. And yet just stopping by the Washington Post to read one or two articles could potentially expose information about us to dozens of different companies, most of which we know nothing about, and most of which do business with sites run by extremists or ― in the case of RT ― a hostile foreign government.
advertising  adtech  media  radlib  privacy 
8 weeks ago
Libraries as a luxury item – Medium
In the moral universe we occupy, asking that the current administration turn their priorities inside-out, take the NEA, NEH, and IMLS off the chopping block, double their funding, and use whatever’s left over for defense spending is a non-starter. But we must strenuously fight the notion that they are agencies our nation can or should do without. Libraries and arts organizations are not luxury items for our society. (That’s especially the case for those segments of our society who already have the fewest luxuries, and yet poor and less educated people have seen disproportionate declines in library use — perhaps because of cuts to local services.) Spending on them, and on the agencies which support their work, is not government waste. These agencies have earned their place on our list of national priorities, and they deserve to stay there.
libraries  publicgood  radlib 
8 weeks ago
Trolling Scholars Debunk the Idea That the Alt-Right’s Shitposters Have Magic Powers - Motherboard
"Trolls" and the alt-right may have played a prominent role in the 2016 election, but that fact is dependent upon and cannot be untangled from journalistic coverage that amplified their messaging—shitpost memes very much included. Phillips describes how media coverage—even coverage condemning alt-right antagonisms—helped conjure this monster, and how that conjuring, in turn, helped amplify Trump's overall platform (which itself was a series of memes).

The fact that alt-right participants received so much coverage speaks to an even deeper issue, perhaps the weightiest issue, influencing Donald Trump's rise. More than fake news, more than filter bubbles, more than insane conspiracy theories about child sex rings operating out of the backs of Washington DC pizza shops, the biggest media story to emerge from the 2016 election was the degree to which far-right media were able to set the narrative agenda for mainstream media outlets.
politics  trolls  4chan  Trump  tech&society  media  2016election  radlib 
8 weeks ago
Fake News and Fake Solutions: How Do We Build a Civics of Trust? - Global Voices Advocacy
In seeking to build systems to manage false news, technology companies will end up creating systems to monitor and police speech. We will quickly find that they need to use ever-more granular, vigilant and therefore continuously updated semantic analysis in order to find and restrict expression.

These proposed solutions to fake news would be in part technological, based on AI and natural language processing. They will automate the search for and flagging of certain terms, word associations, and linguistic formulations. But language is more malleable than algorithm, and we will find that people will invent alternative terms and locutions to express their ends.

The slipperiness of language could cause the hunt for “fake” or hurtful speech to become an end in itself. We have already seen this in the hunt for “toxic” language in a recent project called Perspective, made by Google’s Jigsaw, and other efforts will surely follow.
fakenews  socialmedia  tech&society  radlib 
9 weeks ago
Online Human-Bot Interactions: Detection, Estimation, and Characterization
Abstract
Increasing evidence suggests that a growing amount of social
media content is generated by autonomous entities known
as social bots. In this work we present a framework to de-
tect such entities on Twitter. We leverage more than a thou-
sand features extracted from public data and meta-data about
users: friends, tweet content and sentiment, network patterns,
and activity time series. We benchmark the classification
framework by using a publicly available dataset of Twitter
bots. This training data is enriched by a manually annotated
collection of active Twitter users that include both humans
and bots of varying sophistication. Our models yield high ac-
curacy and agreement with each other and can detect bots of
different nature. Our estimates suggest that between 9% and
15% of active Twitter accounts are bots. Characterizing ties
among accounts, we observe that simple bots tend to interact
with bots that exhibit more human-like behaviors. Analysis of
content flows reveals retweet and mention strategies adopted
by bots to interact with different target groups. Using cluster-
ing analysis, we characterize several subclasses of accounts,
including spammers, self promoters, and accounts that post
content from connected applications.
internet  radlib 
10 weeks ago
The Code4Lib Journal – Editorial: Introspection as Activism, or, Getting Our Houses in Order
by Ruth Kitchin Tillman - on library work as activist work if we're thoughtful about our values and our work.
values  libraries  archives  radlib 
february 2017
All I Know Is What’s on the Internet — Real Life
IL can't accomplish anything unless it challenges the commodification of information and the control publishers have over it.
infolit  lifelonglearning  radlib 
february 2017
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