Who's Tracking Your Faceprint? - The Atlantic
Your face is yours. It is a defining feature of your identity. But it’s also just another datapoint waiting to be collected. At a time when cameras are ubiquitous and individual data collection is baked into nearly every transaction a person can make, faces are increasingly up for grabs.
biometrics  privacy  facialrecognition  radlib 
4 weeks ago
Visualizing the network that connects mainstream and extremist news
Now mainstream media have significant motivation to safeguard the data of their readers, both to keep them as customers and to maintain their credibility as a source of good information. But what about the adtech they use? Would you feel particularly violated if adnxs.com or 2mdn.net were in the news tomorrow as the source of a major data breach? And yet, outside of Google, those are two of the most prevalent sources of adtech in the sites we examined. The integrity of these ad sources are crucial to our ability to own, control, and safeguard our personal information. If any one of them fails, we could be in a heap of trouble. And yet just stopping by the Washington Post to read one or two articles could potentially expose information about us to dozens of different companies, most of which we know nothing about, and most of which do business with sites run by extremists or ― in the case of RT ― a hostile foreign government.
advertising  adtech  media  radlib  privacy 
4 weeks ago
Libraries as a luxury item – Medium
In the moral universe we occupy, asking that the current administration turn their priorities inside-out, take the NEA, NEH, and IMLS off the chopping block, double their funding, and use whatever’s left over for defense spending is a non-starter. But we must strenuously fight the notion that they are agencies our nation can or should do without. Libraries and arts organizations are not luxury items for our society. (That’s especially the case for those segments of our society who already have the fewest luxuries, and yet poor and less educated people have seen disproportionate declines in library use — perhaps because of cuts to local services.) Spending on them, and on the agencies which support their work, is not government waste. These agencies have earned their place on our list of national priorities, and they deserve to stay there.
libraries  publicgood  radlib 
4 weeks ago
Trolling Scholars Debunk the Idea That the Alt-Right’s Shitposters Have Magic Powers - Motherboard
"Trolls" and the alt-right may have played a prominent role in the 2016 election, but that fact is dependent upon and cannot be untangled from journalistic coverage that amplified their messaging—shitpost memes very much included. Phillips describes how media coverage—even coverage condemning alt-right antagonisms—helped conjure this monster, and how that conjuring, in turn, helped amplify Trump's overall platform (which itself was a series of memes).

The fact that alt-right participants received so much coverage speaks to an even deeper issue, perhaps the weightiest issue, influencing Donald Trump's rise. More than fake news, more than filter bubbles, more than insane conspiracy theories about child sex rings operating out of the backs of Washington DC pizza shops, the biggest media story to emerge from the 2016 election was the degree to which far-right media were able to set the narrative agenda for mainstream media outlets.
politics  trolls  4chan  Trump  tech&society  media  2016election  radlib 
4 weeks ago
Fake News and Fake Solutions: How Do We Build a Civics of Trust? - Global Voices Advocacy
In seeking to build systems to manage false news, technology companies will end up creating systems to monitor and police speech. We will quickly find that they need to use ever-more granular, vigilant and therefore continuously updated semantic analysis in order to find and restrict expression.

These proposed solutions to fake news would be in part technological, based on AI and natural language processing. They will automate the search for and flagging of certain terms, word associations, and linguistic formulations. But language is more malleable than algorithm, and we will find that people will invent alternative terms and locutions to express their ends.

The slipperiness of language could cause the hunt for “fake” or hurtful speech to become an end in itself. We have already seen this in the hunt for “toxic” language in a recent project called Perspective, made by Google’s Jigsaw, and other efforts will surely follow.
fakenews  socialmedia  tech&society  radlib 
5 weeks ago
Online Human-Bot Interactions: Detection, Estimation, and Characterization
Abstract
Increasing evidence suggests that a growing amount of social
media content is generated by autonomous entities known
as social bots. In this work we present a framework to de-
tect such entities on Twitter. We leverage more than a thou-
sand features extracted from public data and meta-data about
users: friends, tweet content and sentiment, network patterns,
and activity time series. We benchmark the classification
framework by using a publicly available dataset of Twitter
bots. This training data is enriched by a manually annotated
collection of active Twitter users that include both humans
and bots of varying sophistication. Our models yield high ac-
curacy and agreement with each other and can detect bots of
different nature. Our estimates suggest that between 9% and
15% of active Twitter accounts are bots. Characterizing ties
among accounts, we observe that simple bots tend to interact
with bots that exhibit more human-like behaviors. Analysis of
content flows reveals retweet and mention strategies adopted
by bots to interact with different target groups. Using cluster-
ing analysis, we characterize several subclasses of accounts,
including spammers, self promoters, and accounts that post
content from connected applications.
internet  radlib 
6 weeks ago
The Code4Lib Journal – Editorial: Introspection as Activism, or, Getting Our Houses in Order
by Ruth Kitchin Tillman - on library work as activist work if we're thoughtful about our values and our work.
values  libraries  archives  radlib 
11 weeks ago
All I Know Is What’s on the Internet — Real Life
IL can't accomplish anything unless it challenges the commodification of information and the control publishers have over it.
infolit  lifelonglearning  radlib 
11 weeks ago
danah boyd | apophenia » The Information War Has Begun
What’s at stake isn’t “fake news.” What’s at stake is the increasing capacity of those committed to a form of isolationist and hate-driven tribalism that has been around for a very long time. They have evolved with the information landscape, becoming sophisticated in leveraging whatever tools are available to achieve power, status, and attention. And those seeking a progressive and inclusive agenda, those seeking to combat tribalism to form a more perfect union —  they haven’t kept up.

The information war has begun. Normative approaches to challenging the system will not work. What will it take for news media to wake up? What will it take for progressives to start developing skills to fight back?
media  access  fakenews  radlib  NDL301 
12 weeks ago
Know-Nothing Nation - The Chronicle of Higher Education
What of the idea that debate in a liberal democracy ideally turns on an exchange of reasons among citizens? Such a conversation is difficult enough when participants inhabit different epistemic universes, but it grows even more difficult when standards for securing agreement drift apart from each other. You should believe this — because I read it in the newspaper, because experts say so, because holding Opinion X also commits you to Opinion Y. These are forms of intellectual consistency, yes, but our willingness to be bound by them is also a stance on the authority and relevance of truth to our beliefs. In agreeing to see truth and its attendant qualities as authoritative, we place limits on what reasons are acceptable to give in an argument and to which knowledge it is appropriate to appeal.
fakenews  publicgood  radlib  NDL301 
january 2017
When Truth Becomes a Commodity - The Chronicle of Higher Education
What characterizes our modern techno-system is not simply the conditions of information superfluity it inhabits but that it is, still more important, a market. This is true across much of our contemporary scene. The widely reported success of a computer-science student in the distant republic of Georgia in churning forward faked and politically slanted U.S. election news for profit is a particularly vivid example of the global market in eye-catching facts that we have unwittingly created. Ads crawl through every news flash.

Still more of the modern market in truths is driven not by revenue streams but by individual desires. Clicks are its currency. They carry everyone’s wants. They cut through the information overload to return just the facts one is looking for. All wants in this sense are satisfied. The reorganization of society and the social imagination along market lines, which has accelerated so rapidly, reaches a kind of culmination. But in this reconstitution of truths as market commodities, the invisible hand working to sort things out is nowhere to be found. There is no dialogue. There is no discourse. There is no weighing of competing hypotheses. Truths slide past one another without contact points, headed for their designated purchasers.

The very idea of politics as an act of deliberation, by which people with inevitably different desires and starting positions must work something out, must find their way to a destination that none may have imagined before, is devalued in the process.
fakenews  truth  socialmedia  access  intellectualfreedom  radlib  NDL301 
january 2017
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