asterisk2a + retail   98

'Put that down, cancel that': the Guardian tracks Philip Green to Monaco | Business | The Guardian
Philip Green
another big employer with a nearly a billion-pound pension deficit, which might mean the gov had to bail the scheme out.

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/may/23/philip-greens-retail-rescue-plan-torpedoed-by-pension-watchdog - Philip Green's retail rescue plan at risk over pension scheme

24hrs later - 60 stores close incl USA, less pension contribution, less pension payout, lowered rents for existing stores, still to be agreed.
- restructuring
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-48406854
Philip  Green  Arcadia  1%  tax  evasion  avoidance  Retail  crisis  highstreet  pension  deficit  bailout  scheme  greed  plutocracy  DonaldTrump  Donald  Trump  Brexit  oligarchy  Aristocracy  inequality  poverty  trap  minimum  wage  working  poor 
7 weeks ago by asterisk2a
(200) Noam Chomsky - What We Really Want - YouTube
dignity and self-worth, independence. // primitive wage labour is slavery. // informed consumers making rational choices ... credit cards is the inverse! //
UBI  Grundeinkommen  Consumerism  Materialism  Alain  de  Botton  Chomsky  consumer  consumerist  Retail  Therapy  coping  mechanism  Selbstdarstellung  Selbstfürsorge  Capitalism  Capital  Advertising  TV  creativity  Universal  Basic  Income  creditcard  credit  card  Brand  Status  Anxiety  Social  Media  life  lesson  Minimalism 
april 2017 by asterisk2a
Andrew Mazzone Interviews James K. Galbraith
banks like property! more likely to lend to finance property than SME/SMB investment. because that investment is not propped up by the government. [...] min 6 subprime & credit bubble since 80's << behaviour of lenders [...] sensible people were given fraudulent debt instruments (no self-regulation, and regulators failed). [...] no prosecution because people who should have prosecuted those, didn't want to ruin their private future career. [...] min 15 - inequality and unemployment driven by inequality. [...] austerity is name of the game by the "establishment" - 20% of society that benefited from the bank bailout and reflation policy by central banks - [...] 19:15 - who do banks want to borrow in this environment?! austerity, aggregate demand shortfall, lack of confidence, volatility, uncertainty, credit bubble pain (liquidity trap) etc. [...] Solution ("an alternative way to the status quo, who made this mess): Fix Income Distribution thus Purchasing Power (aggregate demand, ie minimum wage), and restructure finance away from investment banking and speculation and derivatives towards real economy (ie tax heavily what is not real economy business) //&! James K. Galbraith on "Inequality and Instability: What's Ahead for the World Economy" - youtu.be/Mw4Bd9ols-E //&! James K. Galbraith - "The End of Normal" - youtu.be/PGFcB65l8Io
Gini  coefficient  income  distribution  1%  10%  20%  Super  Rich  property  bubble  London  rentier  rent-seeking  Help  to  Buy  Scheme  Help  to  Save  Funding  for  Lending  Scheme  underinvestment  infrastructure  investment  secular  stagnation  western  world  UK  USA  European  Union  deflation  deflationary  JAMESGALBRAITH  book  James  Kenneth  Galbraith  credit  bubble  credit  card  credit  card  debt  credit  boom  debt  servitude  speculation  speculative  bubble  speculative  bubbles  equity  bubble  reflate  reflation  GFC  recovery  austerity  Raghuram  Rajan  self-regulation  squeezed  middle  class  working  poor  Precariat  subprime  Wall  Street  regulation  regulators  Career  Politicians  politician  No  Representation  aggregate  demand  aggregate  demand  short-fall  liquidity  trap  retail  banking  investment  banking  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  Richard  Koo  inequality 
july 2016 by asterisk2a
The economics of Brexit – Politics Weekly podcast
Leave Campaign, so far, has failed to assure voters that we get through the quiet possible tubulences and uncertainty unharmed severely after 1-2 years. [ economic forecasts/predictions are Wall Streets cottage industry ] Brexit for sure would throw Osbornes plan for a surplus in 2020. ... brexit is about less regulation free trade low tariffs, 'get off the back of our City [London bank regulation]' [low tax, higher pay] George Osborne ... // banks have not voiced their voice loudly because that would be seen by people who bailed them out to tune of doubling the deficit, and still own bank shares ie loyds. it could be seen disingenuous, outrageous, as we are still in doldrums, paying off their debt, and suffering through austerity where the most vulnerable are cut away from society.
Brexit  George  Osborne  economic  damage  economic  growth  economic  security  economic  slack  economic  slowdown  economic  harm  macroeconomic  policy  microeconomic  policy  trade  agreement  free  trade  regulation  David  Cameron  Whitehall  Westminster  economic  forecast  Wall  Street  European  Union  Career  Politicians  EEA  free  movement  of  people  immigration  migration  austerity  general  election  2020  general  election  2015  Tories  Conservative  Party  nasty  neoclassical  economics  neoliberal  neoliberalism  Chicago  School  trickle-down  economics  self-regulation  deregulation  regulators  MervynKing  Mark  Carney  BOE  IMF  retail  banking  investment  banking  City  of  London  bank  bailout  GFC 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
The Fed Sends A Frightening Letter To JPMorgan, Corporate Media Yawns
At the top of page 11, the Federal regulators reveal that they have “identified a deficiency” in JPMorgan’s wind-down plan which if not properly addressed could “pose serious adverse effects to the financial stability of the United States.” Why didn’t JPMorgan’s Board of Directors or its legions of lawyers catch this?

It’s important to parse the phrasing of that sentence. The Federal regulators didn’t say JPMorgan could pose a threat to its shareholders or Wall Street or the markets. It said the potential threat was to “the financial stability of the United States.” [...] “…the default of a bank with a higher connectivity index would have a greater impact on the rest of the banking system because its shortfall would spill over onto other financial institutions, creating a cascade that could lead to further defaults. High leverage,
corporate  media  media  conglomerate  too  big  to  bail  too  big  to  fail  too  big  to  jail  TBTF  jpmorgan  jpmorganchase  USA  GFC  recovery  liquidity  trap  repo  liquidity  squeeze  economic  history  Financial  Stability  Board  FinancialCrisisInquiryCommission  crisis  crony  capitalism  Greed  shareholder  capitalism  profit  maximisation  profit  maximization  investment  banking  retail  banking  leverage  CDS  engineering  CDO  MBS  subprime  FDIC  complexity  Fed  Janet  Yellen  Wall  Street  reflate  reflation  derivatives  credit  bubble 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
Aldi cranks up the pressure on the big four supermarkets
All the major chains have cut prices, but Barnes says he merely cut Aldi’s further, by an average 6% in the past year, to maintain the differential. He adds that Asda will never achieve its stated aim of narrowing its price gap with the discounters to just 5%. “Whether Asda gets to 5% is not just their decision; it’s ours as well. We will not let any competitor get to 5%. That’s a concrete commitment.”

Maintaining that price position has hit Aldi’s already slim profit margins, but Barnes says profits were strong last year, with the cost of price cuts offset by increased sales and tight control of central costs. He believes deflation in the market will slow by the end of this year as the major chains switch to competing on measures such as service or quality.
ASDA  Aldi  Lidl  Tesco  UK  Retail  brick  and  mortar  on-demand  Supermarket  commodity  business  austerity  squeezed  middle  class  discretionary  spending  disposable  income  working  poor  recovery  Frugal 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
Keiser Report: Sovietization of capitalism (E723) - YouTube
BIS 100% of private debt and finance sector larger than 3.9% of economy bad ... and siphoning off talent from more productive fields of work. And finance favours lending to property and land (low productivity). [...] financial products (derivatives) do not help economy. is just a financial product, fee collection. rentier! rent-seeking behaviour! fees fees fees. (JP Morgan, 89% of profits, see interview) [...] QE reflated asset prices/share prices! // In the second half, Max interviews David Graeber about his new book, The Utopia of Rules: On Technology, Stupidity and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy.
private  debt  consumer  debt  household  debt  BIS  Wall  Street  recovery  zombie  banks  car  loan  credit  card  debt  student  loan  debt  student  loan  Bubble  student  debt  economic  history  GFC  secular  stagnation  UK  City  of  London  USA  investment  banking  retail  banking  BOE  Fed  macroeconomic  policy  microeconomic  policy  property  speculative  bubbles  speculative  speculation  productivity  output  gap  austerity  George  Osborne  dogma  ideology  constituency  Party  Funding  vested  interest  interest  groups  mortgage  market  Housing  Crisis  Help  to  Buy  Scheme  Help  to  Save  Funding  for  Lending  Scheme  Right  to  Buy  Buy-to-Let  subsidies  subsidizing  derivatives  financial  product  rent-seeking  rentier  QE  ZIRP  NIRP  reflate  reflation  Mark  Carney  fiscal  policy  monetary  policy  Richard  Koo  book  David  Graeber  MervynKing 
march 2016 by asterisk2a
Money: The Too Big to Fail Edition by Panoply Media
Neil Irwin, author of The Alchemists: Three Central Bankers and a World on Fire, joins hosts Felix Salmon of Fusion, Cathy O’Neil of mathbabe.org, and Slate’s Moneybox columnist Jordan Weissmann. This week is all about Neel Kashkari of the Minneapolis Fed's new solution for our too-big-to-fail banks. //!& breaking up has complexity ... financial-industrial complex! //
too  big  to  bail  toobigtofail  TBTF  retail  banking  investment  banking  VAR  discounted  risk  systemicrisk  discounting  risk  BIS  centralbanks  liquidity  trap  GFC  financial  product  recovery  TARP  UK  USA  Europe  sovereign  debt  crisis  PIGS  economic  history  book  monopsony  oligopoly  oligopol  repo  interbank  lending  complexity  financial-industrial  complex  leverage  derivatives 
march 2016 by asterisk2a
Central bankers on the defensive as weird policy becomes even weirder | Business | The Guardian
Growth is tepid, productivity is poor, and inflation is too low: all is not going according to policymakers’ masterplans [...] As far as the OECD is concerned, monetary policy is being forced to take too much of the strain. Its chief economist Catherine Mann made the point that lasting recovery required three things: stimulative monetary policy; activist fiscal policy; and structural reform. The OECD wants the second of these ingredients to be added to the recipe in the form of increased spending on public infrastructure, something it says would more than pay for itself at a time when governments can borrow so cheaply.
monetary  policy  G20  fiscal  policy  monetary  stimulus  monetary  system  monetary  transmission  mechanism  liquidity  trap  UK  western  world  USA  Japan  Abenomics  George  Osborne  Angela  Merkel  Wolfgang  Schäuble  Pact  Schuldenbremse  economic  history  recovery  secular  stagnation  productivity  underinvestment  MarioDraghi  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  ECB  BOE  Fed  Taper  deflationary  deflation  nominal  GDP  targeting  inflation  targeting  zombie  banks  MervynKing  zombie  corporations  zombie  consumer  Richard  Koo  Gini  coefficient  inequality  squeezed  middle  class  wage  stagnation  discretionary  spending  distortion  property  bubble  disposable  income  productive  investment  austerity  business  confidence  foreign  direct  investment  consumer  debt  household  debt  credit  card  debt  car  loan  student  loan  debt  student  loan  policy  folly  policy  error  short-termism  Career  Politicians  neoliberalism  neoliberal  trickle-down  economics  self-regulation  City  of  London  investment  banking  retail  banking  OECD  IMF  KennethRogoff  hot-money  hunt  for  yield  asset  bubble  asset  allocation  speculative  bubbles  speculative  speculation  reflate  reflation  financial  repression  New  Normal  trust 
march 2016 by asterisk2a
Mervyn King: new financial crisis is 'certain' without reform of banks | Business | The Guardian
The former Bank of England governor says in his new book that imbalances in the global economy makes a crash inevitable [...] GFC was the fault of the financial system, not individual greedy bankers, in his new book, The End Of Alchemy: Money, Banking And The Future Of The Global Economy [...] “Without reform of the financial system, another crisis is certain, and the failure ... to tackle the disequilibrium in the world economy makes it likely that it will come sooner rather than later,” Lord King wrote. [...] global central banks were caught in a “prisoner’s dilemma” - unable to raise interest rates for fear of stifling the economic recovery, the newspaper reported. [... blame] broken financial system. [...] failure of a system, and the ideas that underpinned it, [...] “Only a fundamental rethink of how we, as a society, organise our system of money and banking will prevent a repetition //&! dailym.ai/21tPG5y
bank  crisis  banking  crisis  investment  banking  self-regulation  retail  banking  Greed  financial  product  regulation  regulators  City  of  London  George  Osborne  Mark  Carney  macroprudential  policy  property  bubble  austerity  liquidity  trap  secular  stagnation  job  creation  Service  Sector  Jobs  economic  history  GFC  neoliberalism  neoliberal  trickle-down  economics  free  market  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  faultlines  hot-money  hunt  for  yield  distortion  financial  repression  emerging  middle  class  emerging  market  Frontier  Markets  BRIC  China  Brazil  credit  bubble  2016  reflate  reflation  junk  bond  revolving  debt  household  debt  mortgage  market  consumer  debt  UK  IMF  OECD  credit  card  debt  car  loan  BOE  MervynKing  ECB  Fed  Europe  deflationary  deflation  Gini  coefficient  inequality  MarioDraghi  Taper  QT  bonuses  bonus  global  imbalances  structural  imbalance  Career  Politicians  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  revolving  door  New  Normal  speculative  bubbles  Richard  Koo  Fiscal  Pact  Schuldenbremse 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
What Really Caused the Crisis and What to Do About It - YouTube
"There are not perfect markets, and there is no perfect planner. [...] we will never arrive at perfect solutions. [...] market will never allocate perfectly ... [...] market will always tend to lend to property and land, and less into productive means (businesses = risk of 100 loss, land or property ... you have a loss when you sell it. << China, UK ) [...] not all credit is good credit. [...] need for macroprudential policy to dampen bubbles bc rate hikes could dampen normal non-speculative area of economy. ie loan to value limits [...] interest rate setting is blunt hammer that people though is the magic wand along the line of self-regulation, free market, neoliberalism and trickle-down [...] GFC can be traced back to the 60-70's - macroecon + micro with absurd assumptions (ie rational expectations, equilibriums, no bubbles) & math & pure theoretical base (no empirical analysis ie of what banks really do ie greed) = makes job of economist as policy advisor real easy.
bank  crisis  JohnMaynardKeynes  keynes  Keynesianism  book  Richard  Koo  aggregate  demand  austerity  liquidity  trap  deleveraging  balance  sheet  recession  debtoverhang  GFC  recovery  secular  stagnation  western  world  dogma  ideology  underinvestment  productive  investment  infrastructure  investment  monetary  policy  monetary  theory  trickle-down  economics  neoliberalism  neoliberal  budget  deficit  economic  history  credit  bubble  output  gap  productivity  inflation  targeting  nominal  GDP  targeting  asset  allocation  economics  investment  banking  zombie  banks  retail  banking  financial  product  CDS  CDO  hunt  for  yield  VAR  risk  aversion  deflationary  deflation  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  debt  monetisation  debt  monetization  Glass-Steagall  self-regulation  regulators  regulation  leverage  margin  trading  property  bubble  arbitrage  speculative  bubbles  asset  bubble  UK  USA  Europe  ECB  Fed  BOE  zombie  consumer  squeezed  middle  class  zombie  corporations  NPL  junk  bond  realestate  macroprudential  policy  mortgage  market  equilibrium  disequilibrium  Economist  economists  Adair  Turner  hayek 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Vickers warns over weaker bank safety buffers - BBC News
[ no skin in the game ] The man charged with leading an inquiry into the future safety of Britain's banks has said Bank of England plans are not strong enough. Sir John Vickers, who led the Independent Commission on Banking (ICB) said: "The Bank of England proposal is less strong than what the ICB recommended." In a BBC interview, he added "I don't think the ICB overdid it." The Bank of England declined to comment. Specifically, it is the plans to make sure that banks have enough capital that Sir John has questioned. Capital is considered vital to a bank's safety, as it serves to protect it from sudden losses. It comes in many forms, but the most common is funding from shareholders, who expect a hefty return on the risk they are taking. The backdrop to this news is the current slump in bank share prices across Europe. Since the start of the year, European banking stocks have lost a quarter of their value. //&! bit.ly/1Xs0Bac
zombie  banks  retail  banking  investment  banking  toobigtofail  too  big  to  jail  TBTF  too  big  to  bail  economic  history  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  GFC  speculation  CDS  CDO  derivatives  Interestrateswap  financial  product  VAR  risk-management  risk  management  Greed  bonuses  bonus  financial  crisis  blackswan  Black  Swan  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  democracy  Super  Rich  1%  plutocracy  oligarchy  Wall  Street  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  short-termism  self-regulation  regulation  deregulation  regulators  Glass-Steagall  BOE  ECB  Bundesbank  sovereign  debt  crisis  Fed 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
What's holding back the world economy? | Business | The Guardian
[ continued financialisation of economy / faustian pact ] QE and low interest rates have disproportionately created wealth in the financial sector and inflated asset bubbles. It has done little for the real economy. The rules of the market need to be rewritten [...] dominant policies during the post-crisis period – fiscal retrenchment and quantitative easing (QE) by major central banks – have offered little support to stimulate household consumption, investment, and growth. On the contrary, they have tended to make matters worse. In the US, quantitative easing did not boost consumption and investment partly because most of the additional liquidity returned to central banks’ coffers in the form of excess reserves. [...] private investment did not grow [...] [ QE supported only financial sector and zombie banks and corporations, little to nothing went into the real economy for investment in western world ] [ which leads us to say we are still in a banking crisis per se ]
Joseph  Stiglitz  secular  stagnation  reflate  reflation  austerity  QE  ZIRP  NIRP  TARP  TLTRO  LTRO  zombie  banks  zombie  corporations  zombie  consumer  Richard  Koo  consumer  debt  household  debt  car  loan  credit  card  debt  Student  Bubble  loan  debt  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  squeezed  middle  class  Precariat  low  pay  low  income  wage  stagnation  income  growth  USA  UK  Europe  western  world  mortgage  market  NPL  debt  servitude  underinvestment  productive  investment  infrastructure  investment  economic  history  policy  folly  policy  error  corporate  welfare  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  Gini  coefficient  income  distribution  social  mobility  income  mobility  poverty  trap  inequality  recovery  job  creation  Service  Sector  Jobs  distortion  financial  repression  speculative  bubbles  hunt  for  yield  asset  equity  VIX  volatility  Help  to  Buy  Scheme  monetary  policy  liquidity  trap  fiscal  policy  debtoverhang  deleveraging  balance  sheet  recession  consumer  confidence  business  confidence  business  investment  productivity  output  gap  aggregate  demand  income  redistribution  repo  monetary  transmission  mechanism  monetary  system  financial  market  GFC  banking  crisis  retail  banking  investment  banking  hot-money  Frontier  Markets  emerging  market  BRIC  rent-seeking  rentier  carbon  tax  economic  damage 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Episode 064 — Disrupting Trump by ExponentFM
37:00 - people go to amazon. pipe of stuff // same w Netflix - pipe of entertainment / front door of entertainment // cost free, marginally no cost to expand // key is now discovery! // but suppliers have no choice. cost pressure. // aggregation theory // differentiation only from being irreplaceable. unique. focused. narrow. avoid go out of way of commoditization. price is dead. newspaper itself has been fractured, broken up. // amazon is default for consumers. // how would you build a business that fit into amazon? that still makes you successful? differentiate to the point where you get a direct connection to the consumer! << custom to order quote paintings and other!? Want to compete in a completely new arena! where things are not scalable. where people can't compete on price with you. no "low-end focus" // winner take all effects - monopsony - size leverage to command conditions. // 1:12:00 find a niche
Amazon  Prime  e-commerce  Netflix  economics  of  abundance  abundance  marginal  cost  long-tail  subscription  model  subscription  publishing  2.0  digital  publishing  self-publishing  newspaper  Print  is  Dead  Etsy  Marketplace  commodity  business  commoditization  differentiate  differentiation  Gary  Vaynerchuk  Start-up  of  You  lesson  advice  Retail  pure  play  oligopoly  oligopol  competitive  competitive  advantage  competitiveness  monopsony  Brand 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Nasty Gal Layoffs Hit 10 Percent of Staff | Re/code
Online fashion retailer Nasty Gal has laid off 10 percent of its staff, as the purveyor of edgy women’s clothing cuts costs amid an uncertain financing and retail environment. CEO Sheree Waterson told the company in an email that the cuts were necessary as the “market in which we operate is changing, both in retail broadly and apparel specifically.” Nineteen employees across several departments were let go. Nasty Gal also laid off some staff in 2014. The layoffs underscore the difficulty mature e-commerce startups can encounter as they transition from being a hot new brand to the long slog of building a more traditional retail business. In short, building a retail brand is really hard and technology can only afford you so many shortcuts along the way. Online beauty brand BirchBox announced layoffs of 15 percent of its staff last week, as startups in e-commerce tighten belts as investors become more wary of unprofitable growth.
Nasty  Gal  Branding  Brand  e-commerce  Retail  pure  play  Amazon  brick  and  mortar  business  squeezed  middle  class  discretionary  spending  disposable  income  USA  consumption  consumer  debt  household  debt  credit  card  debt  car  loan  student  loan  debt  student  loan  Bubble  low  pay  low  income  Precariat  precarious  work  eBay  zombie  consumer  Primark  status  symbol  status  anxiety  consumerist  consumerism  secular  stagnation  debt  servitude  retirement  pension  scheme  401k  fiscal  policy  austerity  monetary  policy  reflate  reflation  economic  history  recovery  job  creation  Service  Sector  Jobs  emerging  middle  class  western  world  credit  BRIC  emerging  market  Frontier  Markets 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Amazon: Onlinehändler bis zu 400 stationäre Buchläden - SPIEGEL ONLINE
[ options for customers to collect, and for Amazon to send via courier ] Interessant ist allerdings die Reaktion des Onlinehändlers, wie das "Wall Street Journal" berichtet: Ein Amazon-Sprecher habe die Äußerungen Mathranis nicht kommentieren wollen - dementierte sie also auch nicht. Würde Amazon tatsächlich bis zu 400 Buchhandlungen eröffnen, bekäme der bisherige Marktführer Barnes & Noble in den USA ernsthafte Konkurrenz. Landesweit kommt der auf 640 Filialen.
convenience  Retail  e-commerce  pure  play  brick  and  mortar  business  Amazon  monopsony 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Sainsbury's to 'future-proof' with £1.3bn Argos deal - BBC News
Sainsbury's aims to "future-proof" its business with the £1.3bn offer to buy Argos owner Home Retail Group.
M&A  e-commerce  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  pure  play  Online  Shopping  Tesco  ASDA  Walmart  Amazon  Sainsbury 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Will easyFoodstore be the next easyJet – or the next easyCruise? | Business | The Guardian
No Expensie Brands. Everything canned or else. No fresh produce. // Stelios Haji-Ioannou opens easyFoodstore with 25p offer. EasyJet founder takes on supermarkets with discount grocery store in north-west London // There can’t be many customers in this shop – or anywhere – who remember easyCinema, easy4Men, easyMoney, easyInternetCafe, easyMusic or easyCruise. But despite some of the nags that flopped at the first hurdle, the brand has endured, thanks largely to easyJet. The airline Haji-Ioannou founded – and in which he still has a 35% stake – paid him £77m in dividends last year and also provided the lion’s share of the £13.2m turnover easyGroup made by licensing use of its brand.
austerity  poverty  UK  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  precarious  work  Precariat  working  poor  low  income  squeezed  middle  class  low  pay  minimum  wage  recovery  Food  Bank  poverty  business  model  opportunity  Opportunism  Lidl  Aldi  e-commerce  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  Primark  Fast  Fashion  Tesco 
february 2016 by asterisk2a
Jan Kregel: The Continuing Risk of Derivatives - YouTube
The other common feature that Kregel notes is that the major objective of active, global financial institutions no longer is the maximization of profits by seeking the lowest cost funds and channeling them to the highest risk-adjusted return. Rather, they are most interested in maximizing the amount of funds intermediated in order to maximize fees and commissions, thereby maximizing the rate of return on bank capital. This means a shift from continuous risk assessment and risk monitoring of funded investment projects that produce recurring flows of interest payments over time, to the identification of riskless "trades" that produce large, single payments with as much of the residual risk as possible carried by the purchasers of the package. The upshot is that most derivative packages mask the actual risk involved in an investment and increase the difficulty in assessing the final return on funds provided.
derivatives  investment  banking  retail  banking  banking  crisis  business  model  risk  aversion  ROI  VAR  CDS  Interestrateswap  financial  literacy  financial  market  financial  crisis  financial  cycle  FinancialCrisisInquiryCommission  tobin-tax  FinancialCrisisResponsibilityFee  CDO  financial  instruments  bonuses  bonus  Greed  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  Wall  Street  economic  history  self-regulation  regulation  regulators  deregulation  Glass-Steagall  Bank  Oversight  zombie  banks  financial  product 
january 2016 by asterisk2a
BBC Documentary - The Money Trap - How Banks Control the World Through Debt - YouTube
most profitable credit card debt customers are those making just the minimum payment. ... a credit card being a statement of status! retaining customers by upgrading them regularly w higher limits, new colors, new perks (they will never use). // unsecured lending - DEFINITION of 'Unsecured Loan' A loan that is issued and supported only by the borrower's creditworthiness, rather than by a type of collateral. An unsecured loan is one that is obtained without the use of property as collateral for the loan. // revolving debt // the higher your credit limit, the more you are likely to spend. // half of his income to just serve credit card fees and interest charges (no payments towards paying down) debt ... // banks lend irresponsibly bc they know they can get away with it, or somebody else will do it! because there is not regulation. no bank oversight. //&! The Truth about Payday Loans :Young, British and Broke - youtu.be/-yWxTvffbuE //&! Gambling/Betting Shops on Highstreet.
retail  banking  investment  banking  CDO  CDS  subprime  credit  card  debt  credit  card  financial  literacy  household  debt  mortgage  market  Payday  Loans  exploitation  debt  servitude  student  loan  debt  Bubble  property  ethics  moral  beliefs  revolving  debt  consumer  debt  debtoverhang  debt  Super  Cycle  student  debt  private  debt  status  symbol  instant  gratification  status  anxiety  socioeconomic  status  zombie  consumer  consumerist  consumerism  Protection  overdraft  materialism  crony  capitalism  capitalism  NPL  NINJA  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  bonuses  bonus  financial  incentive  incentive  creditrating  credit  creditrisk  credit  score  self-regulation  Bank  Oversight  financial  instruments  derivatives 
january 2016 by asterisk2a
How Credit Cards Tax America
But there’s a reason companies reward you for using credit cards. In America, credit cards are banks’ most profitable lending business. This is the aspect of credit cards that consumer advocates usually criticize: banks charge interest rates of 15% to 20% on $700 billion in outstanding credit card loans. Yet even if you pay your bill on time, Visa, Mastercard, and the banks still make lots of money off you. Every year, they earn more than $40 billion from transaction fees. At 2%, the average credit card fee can seem small. Sixty-three percent of American adults have a credit card, though, even more have debit cards that work similarly, and Americans use both to spend trillions of dollars each year. It adds up. // via https://redd.it/4063tj
credit  card  debt  credit  card  consumer  debt  Payday  Loans  Precariat  working  poor  retail  banking 
january 2016 by asterisk2a
Sports Direct is a reflection of the modern British economy | Letters | Business | The Guardian
Sports Direct seems to be a metaphor for the modern British economy. “The conscious strategy would seem to be to rely on cheap labour rather than costly investment,” as your editorial (11 December) says. It also illustrates the epidemic growth of workforce insecurity which plagues a nation scarred by the rise of the precariat. Britain is rapidly becoming the sweatshop of Europe, and this, along with bubbles in consumer debt and house prices, has been a major part in such anaemic recovery as we have seen over the past five years. [...] [ HMRC cut under austerity, can't do it's job ] //&! theguardian.com/business/sports-direct-international //&! bit.ly/1jTkmsi - transferring assets. then bringing in administrators. leaving suppliers empty.
corporate  scandal  Precariat  working  poor  precarious  work  job  security  low  pay  low  income  investigative  journalism  Whistleblower  Amazon  Retail  Online  Shopping  commodity  business  commoditization  crony  capitalism  capitalism  Wall  Street  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  George  Osborne  industrial  policy  STEM  David  Cameron  Tories  nasty  party  underinvestment  Conservative  competitive  competitiveness  self-regulation  regulation  regulators  Zero  Hour  Contract  Contractor  exploitation  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  trickle-down  economics  neoliberalism  neoliberal  microeconomic  policy  macroeconomic  policy  macroprudential  policy  business  investment  productivity  output  gap  austerity  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  corporate  welfare  white-collar  crime  subsidies  subsidizing  HMRC  Trade  Union  Workers  Union  skills  gap  accounting  scandal 
december 2015 by asterisk2a
Blackrock-Vize Hildebrand kritisiert europäische Behörden - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Hildebrand: Nein, dafür sehe ich keine Anzeichen. Aber was mich schon besorgt, ist das Muster, dass frappantes Fehlverhalten europäischer Firmen immer wieder von amerikanischen Behörden aufgedeckt wird. Das scheint mir das wahre Problem zu sein. Ich denke da nicht nur an VW, sondern auch an die Banken oder an die Fifa. [...] Die Amerikaner dagegen sind das Problem schon 2009 angegangen, und die Banken sind schnell wieder gesundet. In Europa hat man es unter den Teppich gekehrt. [...] Europa hat zwei Probleme, und ein wesentliches davon ist ein Nachfrageproblem: Die Wirtschaft ist nicht ausgelastet, auch die Arbeitslosigkeit ist nach wie vor zu hoch. Und die Inflation liegt nahe null. [...] Europa hat auch ein Strukturproblem. Arbeits- und Produktmärkte sind überreguliert. [ Re Credit Bubble ] Niemand weiß genau, was geschieht, wenn diese Politik einmal umgekehrt wird.
VW  bank  bailout  FIFA  corporate  scandal  Volkswagen  sovereign  debt  crisis  too  big  to  bail  Grexit  European  Union  secular  stagnation  self-regulation  regulation  regulators  deregulation  accountability  white-collar  crime  banking  investment  banking  retail  banking  recovery  MarioDraghi  ECB  NIRP  ZIRP  TLTRO  LTRO  QE  GFC  economic  history  debtoverhang  Richard  Koo  fiscal  monetary  Brussels  lost  decade  lostgeneration  lost  generation  Generationengerechtigkeit  austerity  Pact  Schuldenbremse  underinvestment  productive  investment  ageing  population  demographic  bubble  squeezed  middle  class  emerging  middle  class  discretionary  spending  Sozialer  Abstieg  income  distribution  disposable  income  Brexit  credit  bubble  BRIC  emerging  market  Developing  World  western  Niall  Ferguson 
november 2015 by asterisk2a
Long-awaited HBOS bank report to be published - BBC News
A long awaited report co-authored by two regulatory bodies - the Bank of England's Prudential Regulation Authority and the Financial Conduct Authority - is out on Thursday. It is hoped the report will shed more light on the reasons behind the demise of HBOS bank. Yet, how could HBOS, the result of a merger of a traditional building society and a prudent Scottish banking institution, go so wrong so quickly? The marriage between the Halifax Building Society and The Bank of Scotland was valued at £30bn, but it collapsed just seven years later - with all of that value completely wiped out. HBOS became part of the Lloyds Banking Group and needed a £20.5bn injection from UK taxpayers to prevent it from crashing.
HBOS  Lloyds  loydstsb  bank  bailout  GFC  UK  economic  history  banking  crisis  investment  banking  retail  banking  NorthernRock  RBS 
november 2015 by asterisk2a
Free banking in the spotlight in crunch week for UK high street banks | Business | The Guardian
In its update in July 2014, the CMA said it was “possible that there might be a degree of cross-subsidy in the PCA [personal current account] market, which may be distortive of competition”. It added: “Indeed, the ‘free if in credit’ model often involves cross-subsidy by other revenue streams for PCAs such as overdraft charges. In addition, we were also told that PCAs as a whole were loss-making. “If this were the case, this could suggest the existence of a cross-subsidy from other retail banking products.”
oligopoly  oligopol  retail  banking  banking  competition  self-regulation  regulation  deregulation  regulators  banking  crisis  bank  crisis  UK  Consumer  Protection  choice 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
The new European Union | Credit Writedowns
[ EU banking system was too big to bail in case Greece and else would default even in parts on some of its debt and or make no or delay repayment with interest in full ] In conclusion, the conditions asked of Greece are not likely to be met, because they cannot be met. Greece will be blamed for not living up to its commitments, as it has been this time around. Yet, somehow, the notion of asking for the impossible from a country that has no choice but to sign is fundamentally perverse. [...] The mistake was to break the no-bailout clause that was designed to make sure the Eurozone would not find itself in this position. For selfish reasons (i.e. preventing a bank crisis in Europe and the US), Greece was convinced to accept the first bailout in 2010.
Greece  bank  bailout  banking  crisis  bank  crisis  investment  banking  retail  banking  TBTF  too  big  to  jail  too  big  to  bail  European  Union  Positioning  ECB  Career  Politicians  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  crony  capitalism  corporate  scandal  austerity  accounting  scandal  bailout  bail-in  Cyprus  of  Cyprus  deposit  haircut  deposit  levy  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  economic  history  fiscal  policy  monetary  policy  Basel3  banking  fractional  reserve  banking  EuropeanSystemicRiskBoard  GFC  recovery  Debt  Super  Cycle  Privatisation  ideology  dogma  PIIGSFB  PIGS  PIIGS  France  Germany  Bundesbank  trichet  Jens  Weidmann  Angela  Merkel  Peer  Steinbrück  corruption  blackmail  josefackermann  ackermann  Deutsche  subsidies  subsidizing  Mark  Blyth  social  contract  social  tension  social  cohesion  constituency  Nationalizing  badbank  badbanks  restructuring  monetary 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
Ben Bernanke urges punishment of individual bankers - BBC News
>> Privatisation where and when it is needed. No, only if it suits their ideology and agenda. // regulatory failure. - youtu.be/Yx1P5Wz2iX4 - Ben Bernanke, John Mack Reflect on 2008 Financial Crisis >> NINJA Loan, homeownership, subprime, ... //&! Ben Bernanke on Lehman Crisis: "We Agreed to Be Vague" (Oct. 6, 2015) | Charlie Rose - youtu.be/EYGbtxzIkvw - 'lehman brothers was a sink hole. money put in from gov in a saving attempt would have resulted in being pulled out by its counterparties and creditors. and had not enough collateral and assets.'
too  big  to  jail  regulators  morality  Justice  System  injustice  Law  &  Justice  white-collar  crime  corporate  scandal  accounting  scandal  mis-selling  CDO  CDS  Interestrateswap  benbernanke  book  TBTF  too  big  to  bail  GFC  trickle-down  economics  economic  history  Super  Rich  1%  bank  bailout  banking  crisis  investment  banking  bank  crisis  retail  banking  CEO  pay  CEO  Abacus  subprime  car  loan  NINJA  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  austerity  budget  deficit  Student  Bubble  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  free  market  Privatisation  MervynKing  George  Osborne  David  Cameron  self-regulation  regulation  deregulation  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  revolving  door  inequality  Gini  coefficient  income  distribution  oligarchy  democracy  social  contract  political  theory  timgeithner  UK  USA  ideology  dogma  lehmanbrothers 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
Spare Me Your Sh*tty Advertising - YouTube
"advertising business model doesn't make sense." for publishers! Business insider makes 50cent per user per year. ARPU. OUCH! It's like worse than brand awareness banner advertising. They recently started long-form reports to buy on vertical/topics like gigaom did. // news is free. analysis isn't (in-depth, maybe personal brand, industry standing (like TechCrunch turned out to be: worked for it many long nights for years. and then it all came crashing down rather quickly because the figure-head overstretched himself and wasn't in it for the long-run to do it as independent business) ... but don't to cottage cheese Wall Street a-like factory). // &! We are on the eve of war of ad blocking/content blocking: The End of Advertising as We Know It - youtu.be/KFe3YOlRlRs
subscription  model  business  model  Retail  e-commerce  Amazon  Prime  convenience  pure  play  brick  and  mortar  business  Jet.com  Amazon  publishing  2.0  journalismus  paywall  pageviews  BuzzFeed  Insider  New  York  Times  NYT  NYTimes  Der  Spiegel  The  Guardian  ARPU  advertisement  advertisement  targeting  advertisement  re-targeting  CPM  Facebook  Big  Data  ad  targeting  Programmatic  Content  Programmatic  Advertising  PandoDaily  Pando.com  The  Information  24-hour  news  cycle  The  Content  Wars  discovery  distribution  noise  noise  pollution  curation  curation  curator  creator  digital  contextual  Niche  Content  marketing  advertorial  paid  user  generated  branded  Newsfeed  Upworthy  Google  Search  ad  blocking  Google  Inc.  Apple  iOS  Android  AdBlock  blocking  Platform  Silo  TOS 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
Volkswagen Congress Hearing: Emissions scandal - watch live - YouTube
VW USA subsidiary CEO Michael Horn. // 'VW the people's car.' 36:40 - I had no understanding what a defeat device is & that it could be installed to cheat emission tests. [<< Symptom of being a conglomerate! Corporate Culture & Values.] min 38:09 - Is hardware, software & even has to do something with the fuel tank. In some models (gen 2) its just software & a sensor. // 49:20 - framing of the answer with EPA (influenced?), cars on the road right now, even they are not passing emissions test, "are legal & safe to drive for the owners." // min 57 NOx, air pollution. 'compensation will be part of discussion'. 40 times than allowable limit. // 1:11:00 - according to him, @ the current state of investigations, this was out of the engine-drivetrain-engineering/software/emissions department within VW. Was not a corporate executive decision from the top. [My 2 cents: more likely decision was made within those departments due to pressure from top to make the test pass happen. << 1:51:00]
VW  Volkswagen  conglomerate  corporate  culture  corporate  values  air  pollution  libor  rigging  scandal  banking  crisis  investment  banking  self-regulation  regulation  regulators  accountability  Wall  Street  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  retail  banking  PPI  mis-selling  scandal  bank  crisis  CDO  CDS  pharmaceutical  industry  pharma  big  pharma  corruption  bribery  Petroleum  automotive  autoindustry  carbonemission  carbonfootprint  emissions  white-collar  crime  Justice  System  Law  &  Justice  corporate  state  corporate  media  Positioning  Meat  Egg  Dairy  food  industry  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  revolving  door  conflict  of  interest  fiduciary  responsibility  exploitation  mainstreet.org  ethics  ethical  machine  democracy  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  double  standard  Abgas-Affäre  Interestrateswap  corporate  social  responsibility  corporate  scandal  Chemical  Fashion  deception  PR  spin  doctor  monopsony  oligopol  madoff  Enron  Worldcom  BP  accounting  accounting  scandal  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  crony  capitalism  TBTF  too  big  to  jail  too  big  to  bail  Ego  arrogance  Monsanto  Protection  Act  patent  troll  intellectual  property  willful  ignorance  willful  negligence  DeepwaterHorizon  tax  code  consumer  fraud  Protection 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
American Apparel: a trip from the height of cool to lows of bankruptcy | Business | The Guardian
[ your edgy and PR storm/press differentiation can become a liability to future growth especially if you use that kind of marketing to grow, clickbait is not sustainable. stupid. should have stayed private and nimble! wall street and the numbers call it a bluff of the founder, cant be bigger & more than it was pre-ipo. no growing endlessly as edgy brand ] American Apparel has faced growing competition in the US from cut-price overseas competitors such as H&M, who have effectively replicated the brand’s fashion for a lower price. [...] recorded a loss for ten consecutive quarters, which was unsustainable given its debts. [...] American Apparel is the country’s biggest manufacturer of clothing and it is based in downtown Los Angeles. The company claims to pay experienced factory works more than $30,000 a year, compared with $600 a year for workers in Bangladesh factories. [...] we are taking this step to keep jobs in the US, and preserve the ideals for which the company stands.”
American  Apparel  Fashion  Industry  Manufacturing  Branding  brand  awareness  differentiate  differentiation  USA  Fast  Fashion  commodity  business  commoditization  Retail  pure  play  e-commerce  Wall  Street  IPO  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  mainstreet.org  fiduciary  responsibility  Venture  Capital  entrepreneur  entrepreneurship  Start-Up  lesson  Start-Up  advice  marketing  PR  advertising  advertisement 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
It’s George Osborne who will shape Tory prospects for 2020 | Gaby Hinsliff | Comment is free | The Guardian
Power is leeching from David Cameron, and the colder, more ruthless chancellor is in the spotlight [...] Osborne’s big problem, of course, is that his fingerprints are all over everything the government has done – or not done – to tackle these problems over the last five years, let alone over the next five. And that’s not the only factor limiting his prospects of promotion He’s almost as exposed as Cameron is to fallout from the EU referendum gamble. (Heads we quit the EU, and government heads will have to roll; tails we stay, triggering Tory civil war).
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october 2015 by asterisk2a
UK mortgage market, Barclays Qatar probe and US bank CEOs by FT Banking Weekly
there will be no push for new homes to flood the market, increasing prices support status quo, Loan to value measures (underwater or not?). house prices outpaced income since GFC. Buy-to-Let amplifies boom-bust. bank system resilient enough for 35% fall of prices. // generationengerechtigkeit - more of disposable income to spend on rent! putting money into pockets of rentier (buy-to-let) who can him or herself buy only so many pairs of jeans.
UK  mortgage  market  2015  NPL  underwater  CDS  securitisation  retail  banking  investment  banking  CDO  Taper  BOE  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  property  bubble  Buy-to-Let  Help  to  Buy  Scheme  self-regulation  regulation  regulators  Right  to  Buy  generation  rent  Supply  and  Demand  Demand  and  Supply  distortion  GFC  recovery  leverage  macroprudential  policy  microeconomic  policy  constituency  Tories  Conservative  Party  Generationengerechtigkeit  rent-seeking  rentier 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
Nomi Prins-Federal Reserve Transition to Destruction - YouTube
via - http://schiffgold.com/interviews/former-wall-street-insider-some-form-of-bank-bail-ins-will-come-to-us-video/ ||&! QE and ZIRP bad policy, bank and market cuddeling. no mainstreet recovery! trickle-down failed. Private sector can not carry existing minimal momentum forward. policy has not helped people on the ground. // many bubbles created: junk bond/zombie corps, car loans, student loans, property, ... // transition to destruction, volatility is first sign. // market manipulation! // inflated financial system // rise in NPL! where how will they cover that? another bailout? or bail-in. taking depositors haircut. FDIC can't cover that all.
ZIRP  NIRP  book  QE  reflate  reflation  equity  bubble  credit  bubble  Taper  Richard  Koo  BRIC  China  2015  junk  bond  trickle-down  economics  Super  Rich  1%  property  bubble  household  debt  UK  USA  BOE  Fed  mandate  Fed  Janet  Yellen  Mark  Carney  MPC  monetary  policy  monetary  transmission  mechanism  excess  reserves  retail  banking  secular  stagnation  wage  stagnation  disposable  income  income  distribution  income  inequality  Gini  coefficient  inequality  squeezed  middle  class  job  creation  job  market  labour  market  Niedriglohnsektor  Service  Sector  Jobs  recovery  GFC  benbernanke  alangreenspan  dot.com  speculative  bubbles  bank  bailout  banking  crisis  leverage  margin  trading  Super  Cycle  debt  servitude  private  debt  debt  monetization  debt  monetisation  fiscal  policy  austerity  consumer  debt  credit  card  credit  card  debt  car  loan  debtoverhang  economic  history  zombie  banks  zombie  corporations  zombie  consumer  mainstreet.org  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  crony  capitalism  corporate  debt  bubbles  asset  bubble  correction  mortgage  market  libor  rigging  scandal  trust  Career  Politicians  neoliberalism  neoliberal  FX  reserves  hot-money  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  balance  sheet  recession  Niall  Ferguson  financial  repression  distortion  Pr 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
How the banks ignored the lessons of the crash | Joris Luyendijk | Business | The Guardian
Joris Luyendijk spent two years talking to hundreds of City insiders. They revealed how close we came to disaster – and how quickly finance went back to business as usual [...] [Like in cycling, doping ... omerta ... blood brother ] The City is governed by a code of silence and fear of publicity; those caught talking to the press without a PR officer present could be sacked or sued. But once I had persuaded City insiders to talk (always and only on condition of anonymity), they were remarkably forthcoming.
GFC  economic  history  banking  crisis  bank  crisis  shadow  banking  NPL  credit  bubble  recovery  monetary  policy  modern  monetary  theory  TBTF  too  big  to  jail  too  big  to  bail  Oversight  transparency  accountability  CEO  pay  self-regulation  regulation  regulators  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  austerity  sovereign  debt  crisis  revolving  door  1%  ZIRP  reflate  reflation  NIRP  QE  Super  Rich  2015  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  London  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  investment  banking  retail  banking  fractional  reserve  banking  excess  reserves  libor  rigging  scandal  bribery  fraud  securities-fraud  corruption 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Save the World, Turn a Profit - Bloomberg View
Building on these initiatives, Yunus Social Business -- Global Initiatives and the Rockefeller Foundation’s venture-philanthropy Zero Gap project have jointly developed a new tool: the social success note. This innovative financial instrument brings together the interests of commercial investors, social businesses and donors to achieve concrete and measurable social outcomes. In this arrangement, a private investor agrees to make a concessional loan or provide equity to a social business.
mainstreet.org  Wall  Street  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  closetphile  corporate  values  corporate  culture  vision  mission  social  entrepreneurship  Non-Profit  fiduciary  responsibility  Legacy  Venture  Capital  Kickstarter  B-corporation  Etsy  tax  avoidance  tax  evasion  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  conglomerate  Big  Sugar  food  industry  Desert  pharmaceutical  industry  pharma  pharma  banking  crisis  investment  banking  retail  banking  bank  crisis  Tesla  Motors  exploitation  revolving  door 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Bank of England concerns over buy-to-let boom - BBC News
The growing buy-to-let property market in the UK could post a threat to wider financial stability, a Bank of England committee has said. [...] Buy-to-let mortgage lending had the potential to "amplify" a housing boom and bust, the Bank's Financial Stability Committee (FPC) concluded. Lending in this sector has risen by 40% since 2008, the FPC said. It stopped short of suggesting any intervention by government or regulators at this stage. "The FPC is alert to the rapid growth of the market and potential developments in underwriting standards," the committee said.
Buy-to-Let  Right  to  Buy  Help  to  Buy  Scheme  Funding  for  Lending  Scheme  BOE  macroprudential  policy  macroeconomic  policy  microeconomic  policy  fiscal  policy  monetary  policy  unconventional  monetary  policy  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  Supply  and  Demand  Demand  and  Supply  distortion  mortgage  market  NPL  Boom  and  Bust  irrational  exuberance  rent-seeking  rentier  generation  rent  Buy  to  Tories  Conservative  Party  Makers  Mark  Carney  FOMO  underinvestment  productive  investment  Wall  Street  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  excess  reserves  zombie  banks  investment  banking  retail  banking  London  Westminster  Career  Politicians  recovery  GFC  No  Representation  Millennials  Generationengerechtigkeit  fairness  infrastructure  investment  George  Osborne  constituency  babyboomers 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Bubble Machine Timeline: Visual Evidence Of The Fed's "Third Mandate" | Zero Hedge
The problem with rushing to combat any sign of economic or financial market turmoil by resorting immediately to counter-cyclical policies is that the creative destruction that would normally serve to purge speculative excess isn’t allowed to operate and so, misallocated capital is allowed to linger from crisis to crisis, making the next boom and subsequent bust even larger than the last.
financial  crisis  financial  cycle  business  cycle  centralbanks  BIS  Fed  BOE  BOJ  Fed  mandate  monetary  policy  monetary  theory  unconventional  monetary  policy  credit  bubble  Debt  Super  monetary  stimulus  monetary  system  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  dot.com  GFC  recovery  Richard  Koo  fiscal  policy  Boom  and  Bust  distortion  zombie  banks  zombie  corporations  zombie  consumer  banking  crisis  bank  crisis  bank  bailout  creative  destruction  Failure  market  Career  Politicians  Ben  Bernanke  Greenspan-Put  alangreenspan  Janet  Yellen  economic  history  trickle-down  economics  inequality  Gini  coefficient  social  cohesion  social  tension  social  contract  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  servitude  sovereign  crisis  Niall  Ferguson  Paul  Krugman  Joseph  Stiglitz  secular  stagnation  western  world  crony  capitalism  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  corruption  bribery  revolving  door  capitalism  Wall  Street  shared  economic  interest  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  TBTF  too  big  to  jail  too  big  to  bail  investment  banking  retail  banking  post-capitalism 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
New US subprime boom - but this time it is for cars - BBC News
- zero hedge had chart w student loan bubble standing at 1trn, and some, as of about mid 2015, with car loans about to reach 1trn, and credit card debt. just google 'zero hedge car loan' - Blackstone says car loans are now in "untested" territory - bit.ly/1TO6Gxb - "The takeaway here is simple: under pressure to keep the US auto sales miracle alive and feed Wall Street's securitization machine (which is itself driven by demand from yield-starved investors) along the way, lenders are lowering their underwriting standards and extending loans to underqualified borrowers. [...] This cannot and will not end well." // July - With the US consumer hunkering down in 2015 and barely spending more than in the comparble period last year, the only silver lining had been auto sales driven almost entirely by access to cheap credit; - bit.ly/1QBIWc5
credit  bubble  car  loan  subprime  USA  credit  card  credit  card  debt  private  debt  household  debt  debt  servitude  debtoverhang  consumer  debt  student  loan  debt  student  loan  student  debt  Richard  Koo  zombie  consumer  status  symbol  status  anxiety  consumerist  consumerism  materialism  financial  market  financial  crisis  financial  engineering  ABS  CDS  excess  reserves  underinvestment  productive  investment  recovery  UK  western  world  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  revolving  credit  bank  bailout  bank  crisis  banking  crisis  investment  banking  retail  banking  London  2015  GFC 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Lord Ashcroft 'not settling scores' with David Cameron book - BBC News
"If this was just a revenge job, Lord Ashcroft & I could have published it before the election." bbc.in/1V5Rl94 CoAuthor Isabel Oakeshott //&! bbc.in/1FpIfC4 - Ashcroft quits the House of Lords //&! Ashcroft & Cameron - an inevitable end? Two powerful men need each other, and then one of them becomes more powerful, and doesnt need the other anymore. [...] [book] looks a lot like revenge. [...] The Conservatives needed him, as all political parties need money, & between 2002/11 he gave more than £5m. [ those who want leadership position/power, ie Cameron, are & will be never great leaders when history judges them ] - bbc.in/1MEYLko bit.ly/1LrS8QP bit.ly/1MEppd0 bit.ly/1PktP6A bit.ly/1gH7wvI bit.ly/1NHFptp &! So Cameron was young & reckless. Lucky he wasnt young, reckless & poor - bit.ly/1Oqc8Fg bit.ly/1j3nRwJ bit.ly/1LIGEnD bit.ly/1V6xSoy - Cameron is part of a select group of people to whom different rules apply, and he knows it, [like evryone else in Britain [dubbed Hameron scandal].
Tories  Toff  Privileged  Establishment  David  Cameron  dogma  ideology  neoliberal  neoconservatives  neoconservatism  neoliberalism  Career  Politicians  Generationengerechtigkeit  fairness  austerity  Big  Society  election  campaign  promises  general  election  2015  budget  deficit  bank  bailout  banking  crisis  investment  banking  retail  banking  productivity  George  Osborne  budget2015  output  gap  competitiveness  UK  industrial  policy  policy  folly  policy  error  constituency  babyboomers  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  Super  Rich  1%  Westminster  London  general  election  2020  STEM  Research  R&D  Privatisation  Public  Services  NHS  Social  Services  Party  Funding  non-dom  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  CEO  pay  shared  economic  interest  Wall  Street  self-regulation  deregulation  Brexit  profit  maximisation  Hedge  Fund  tax  code  corporate  tax  rate  minimum  wage  living  wage  child  poverty  shareholder  value  Gini  coefficient  mobility  Iain  Duncan  Smith  DWP  income  mobility  poverty  trap  nepotism  inequality  class  warfare  Gesellschaft  Polarisation  PR  spin  doctor  manufactured  consent  corporate  state  corporate  media  Hameron  Scandal  Entitlement  straight  white  male  male  privilege  alpha  male  white  male  privilege  privilege  Jeremy  Corbyn  Jeremy  Hunt 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Worker confronts M&S chief over 'poverty wages' | Society | The Guardian
Gewinnbeteiligung & workers rep on board of directors!? Like in Germany. Especially in customer facing ops! It's not just about price, its also customer service! customer experience. acquisition (word of mouth, net promoter score - vs - getting foot-fall up through sales and deals) customer engagement. customer retention and empowerment - to make the better choice to shop where people are treated well, paid well, and shared economic interest (environment, ecology, sustainability, local economy and jobs (multiplier effects)). Compelling people to make a mindful and conscious choice, day to day and for the long-term! Differentiate, don't fight with Amazon and big grocery retailers for price, sales, deals. That war you lost already because you can't win that way (bc of them having deeper pockets, shareholders which look away since ever in case of Amazon, and it is their identity; why ppl shop there), new business, away from Amazon, Tesco & ASDA. And especially Lidl and Aldi.
CEO  pay  living  wage  minimum  wage  Service  Sector  Jobs  Niedriglohnsektor  Zero  Hour  Contract  Contractor  Workers  Union  Trade  Union  John  Lewis  Gewinnbeteiligung  Soziale  Marktwirtschaft  HR  human  resources  recruiting  recruitment  people  management  team  management  neoliberalism  neoliberal  Wall  Street  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  customer  experience  customer  empowerment  customer  retention  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  e-commerce  Amazon  Branding  brand  awareness  customer  acquisition  Blue  Ocean  differentiate  differentiation  PR  spin  doctor  reframing  framing  marketing  Positioning  Proposition  Core  Product  Proposition  ecommerce  pure  play 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
RICHARD KOO: 'Struggle between markets and central banks has only just begun' - Business Insider
… much of the rise in share prices and fall in currency values under QE were nothing more than liquidity-driven phenomena divorced from real economy fundamentals. Now that an end to QE is in sight, it is time for a correction. Fed Chair Janet Yellen’s remarks several months ago about elevated stock market valuations were most likely a reference to this bubble. A correction of some kind was inevitable as the Fed moved to normalize monetary policy. However, it still needed a trigger, and that was provided by China. [...] “The market gyrations of the last two months represent just the beginning of the QE trap”, says Koo.
Richard  Koo  Taper  2015  credit  bubble  reflate  reflation  monetary  policy  fiscal  policy  Janet  Yellen  Fed  mandate  China  BRIC  global  economy  global  trade  western  world  secular  stagnation  deflationary  deflation  asset  bubble  speculative  bubbles  hunt  for  yield  FOMO  property  bubble  equity  bubble  bond  bubble  distortion  correction  Student  Loan  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  BIS  centralbanks  BOE  Abenomics  BOJ  ECB  Fed  unconventional  monetary  policy  liquidity  trap  excess  reserves  retail  banking  consumer  debt  household  debt  deleveraging  wage  growth  income  growth  low  income  marginal  propensity  to  consume  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  wage  stagnation  income  distribution  inequality  Gini  coefficient  income  inequality  income  mobility  social  mobility  Niall  Ferguson  bank  bailout  banking  crisis  recovery  GFC  austerity  Schuldenbremse  Pact  European  Union  UK  USA  Career  Politicians  crony  capitalism  No  Representation  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  sovereign  debt  crisis  PR  spin  doctor  reframing  framing  trickle-down  economics  neoliberalism  neoliberal  investment  banking  business  investment  business  confidence  Blue  Ocean  PBOC  New  Normal  economic  growth  monetary  stimulus 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
What is Angela Ahrendts doing at Apple? - Fortune
“She motivates people. She inspires people. And she is the sort of person who wants to see things succeed as a team. It’s a rare quality.” [...] Ahrendts believes the key to the company’s future is not just marvelous products, but also engaging and energizing its nearly 100,000 employees, 60% of whom now work in retail division. “If you’re going to employ people anyway,” she says, “why not make them the differentiator? They’re not a commodity.” Now that there are 459 Apple stores in 15 countries, many people have their first Apple experience inside a store—a first impression that could forever tarnish the brand if it’s not good. “Burberry was about building a relationship,” she says. “But it was always about selling an amazing product that you would have forever. Apple is just a deeper relationship with a much broader constituency. Because it’s everybody.” // apple positioned itself just above everyone else it competes w [having a margin!], but not too far up to be douchy, off-setting
Angela  Ahrendts  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  Apple  aspirational  product  marketing  user  experience  pure  play  e-commerce  Tim  Cook  user  engagement  customer  experience  UI  UX  CEO  Leadership  people  management  team  management  customer  service  customer  acquisition  customer  user  acquisition  user  churn  communication  Positioning  Value  Proposition  added  creation  emotion  advertisement  advertising  status  anxiety  community  community  management  R&D  STEM  Research  IP  intellectual  property  differentiate  differentiation 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Pando: In the Valley, pre-seed is a meme. In New York, it’s a necessity
// cost of entry? // unable to make it happen? // Can't you write software from anywhere? // problem, heavily diluted early on approaching A/B, traditional shops don't like the cap table of pre-seed, angels, seed, accelerator & Micro VC's already owning ~+40% ... you come to a traditional A/B shop and not one of the existing investors is actually leading the round or committed in paper do double down? // // from a financial perspective/investment/math --- in the PRIVATE MARKET thrown under the bus by NIRP, QE, hunt for yield and FOMO (looking for their female unicorn or own Zuck) everyone can run 100 burger stands with unlimited/stellar returns in their spreadsheet model (bc cost of capital being 0 or negative). Despite the deflation of price of software & hosting (marginal cost, economics of abundance), Talent got bid up heavily (+200k/y in LA by Snapchat) in certain cities (SV, NY, London) // &! Steen Jakobsen - youtu.be/fnp5ETnKylU - min 16 avg guy does not have access to credit!
Seed  Round  Party  Round  Venture  Capital  Micro  VC  barriers  to  entry  cost  of  entry  London  Start-up  Scene  ecosystem  New  York  Scene  burn  rate  runway  traction  A  Round  seedfunding  funding  Angel  Investor  dilution  cap  table  lesson  advice  liquidation  preferences  hunt  for  yield  2015  distortion  FOMO  equity  bubble  credit  bubble  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  asset  allocation  Limited  Partners  monetary  policy  fiscal  policy  Wall  Street  asset  bubble  behavioral  finance  behavioral  economics  Silicon  Valley  Private  Market  Public  Market  reflate  reflation  cost  of  living  valuation  Unicorn  Decacorn  cost  of  leverage  financial  repression  financial  literacy  financial  financial  cycle  business  cycle  business  confidence  consumer  confidence  hubris  panic  irrational  exuberance  retail  banking  investment  banking  fractional  reserve  banking  banking  crisis 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Other People's Money: Masters of the Universe or Servants of the People?: Amazon.co.uk: John Kay: 9781781254431: Books
Industry insider John Kay argues that the finance world's perceived profitability is not the creation of new wealth, but the sector's appropriation of wealth - of other people's money. The financial sector, he shows, has grown too large, detached itself from ordinary business and everyday life, and has become an industry that mostly trades with itself, talks to itself, and judges itself by reference to standards which it has itself generated. And the outside world has itself adopted those standards, bailing out financial institutions that have failed all of us through greed and mismanagement.
Wall  Street  mainstreet.org  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  shared  economic  interest  bank  bailout  PR  spin  doctor  GFC  investment  banking  retail  banking 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
Complaints about banks’ packaged accounts soar to 1,000 a week | Money | The Guardian
Barclays disclosed on 29 July that it was putting aside £250m, and the following day Royal Bank of Scotland said it was lifting its provision to £307m. Lloyds and Bank of Scotland have the Silver and Platinum packaged accounts, which cost £9.95 and £17 a month respectively, while NatWest and RBS have Select Silver and Select Platinum, costing £10 and £16 a month. But packaged accounts have long been criticised by many commentators – consumer organisation Which? labelled them a “useless financial product” – while customers have complained they were “unfairly pressured” into signing up to an account they did not need. Others have said to the ombudsman they were told they could not have the mortgage or loan they wanted unless they also took out a packaged account. [...] The ombudsman service has now revealed it is receiving around 1,000 new complaints a week.
banking  retail  banking  upselling  business  model  Consumer  Protection  product  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  investment  banking  financial  literacy 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
E-Commerce is a Bear — Medium
Only two start-ups have properly challenged Amazon over the past decade: Zappos and Diapers. [...] Having spent time with Tony Hsieh and Alfred Lin, the leadership duo who built Zappos, and Marc Lore and Vinit Bharara, the founders of Diapers, I can tell you: these are intense competitors who recognized the best outcome was to join forces with the industry leader. So if Amazon is the low cost winner of selling brands online, if they are acquiring their best competitors, and if their everyday low prices are available to the entire country via a mechanical turk algorithm which is guaranteed to beat you, how do you compete? [...] [ eBay pure p2p marketplace ] [...] This next generation of e-commerce companies is as much about what you exclude as what you include. // &! only up for grabs (Amazon model) is in the developing world & emerging market - for entrepreneurs - & only possible double digit returns for investors. and the battle has already begun ... since like 05/09 China/India ...
e-commerce  Amazon  eBay  commodity  business  commoditization  differentiate  differentiation  vertical  category  Jet.com  business  model  subscription  model  distribution  model  discovery  Google  Shopping  commerce  Retail  Walmart  brick  and  mortar  business  Online  Shopping  mall  USA  Europe  Zalando  emerging  market  Developing  World  emerging  middle  class  consumer  choice  consumerist  materialism  consumerism  zombie  consumer  Etsy  Marketplace  Platform  Honest  Co.  Bonobos  Warby  Parker  Nasty  Gal  Branding  Zulily  flash  sale  Gilt  Groupe  ModCloth  Birchbox  corporate  strategy  business  strategy  closetphile  Rent  the  Runway  Zappos  tradesy  pure  play  Nordstrom  Macy's  H&M  Primark  Zara  Fast  Fashion  Fashion  Industry  ASOS  John  Lewis  Marks  &  Spencer 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
What will the future of commerce look like? - YouTube
At this year's Brainstorm Tech conference, Leigh Gallagher sits down with Jet.com CEO Marc Lore, Revel Systems CEO Lisa Falzone, and Instacart CEO Apoorva Mehta.
Amazon  Prime  Jet.com  Amazon  e-commerce  pure  play  Instacart  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
Beauty Product Subscription Service Birchbox Is Opening More Brick-And-Mortar Retail Stores | TechCrunch
The subscription business has 1 million subscribers in total, and while the company doesn’t share revenue numbers, recent estimates indicate the international retail business now pulls in $170 million per year. [...] Birchbox is now one of several e-commerce marketplaces that’s experimenting with engaging customers via offline promotions and pop-up shops over the summer holidays. Amazon, for example, earlier announced its Seattle-based “Treasure Truck” (though apparently ran into delays), and eBay also has been driving an Airstream trailer around the Hamptons and New York to connect shoppers with its various deals. // youtu.be/grU0xJ7JwLs - Scott Galloway on the Death of Pure-Play Retail & Impulse Buys
Birchbox  subscription  model  business  model  user  experience  offline  experience  user  behaviour  pure  play  e-commerce  ecommerce  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business 
july 2015 by asterisk2a
Could We Make Even the Worst Jobs, Great Jobs? - YouTube
If you treat your workforce as a profit center, as opposed to a cost center, perhaps your company's bottom line will soar. Why? Because employees, treated really well, perform really well. Management professor Zeynep Ton examines how organizations can design and manage their operations in a way that satisfies employees, customers, and investors simultaneously. (Hint: Paying higher than the minimum wage is a great start toward better performance).
HR  human  resources  operations  Start-Up  advice  Start-Up  lesson  book  management  Niedriglohn  Service  Sector  Jobs  Niedriglohnsektor  customer  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  innovation  workforce  productivity  performance  living  wage  minimum  wage  Zeitarbeit  Leiharbeit  Werkvertrag  precarious  work  Precariat  working  poor  underemployed  part-time  uncertainty  chronic  stress  incentive  Universal  Basic  Income  happiness  index  complexity 
june 2015 by asterisk2a
San Francisco’s independent retailers disrupt themselves to survive | PandoDaily
[ Don't compete directly with Amazon, price is not a long-term, sustainable business model ] “I was sitting next to a woman that I know, but who isn’t all that into comics. She told me that she didn’t really know where to begin, but if I would pick out a comic every month and send it to her, she would buy it. And a lightbulb just went off,” Hibbs said. Since then, he has purchased the domain graphicnovelclub.com and set out to do just that. For $20 a month, anyone in the world can sign up to receive the comic that Hibbs and his staff deem to be the best release that month. He’s also just set up a $15 a month graphic novel of the month club for kids. In addition to the book shipment, club members can attend or watch monthly book-club meetings, often featuring call-ins from the books’ artists and authors. [...] Each of these three businesses has built a devoted followings over many years, and occupies a cultural niche that comes preloaded with die-hard fandom.
pure  play  brick  and  mortar  business  eTailer  Retail  niche  Amazon  differentiate  differentiation  curation  content  curation  subscription  model  e-commerce  Brand  1000  True  Fans  offline  experience  shared  experience  urbanisation  tourism 
may 2015 by asterisk2a
Eyeglass Retailer Warby Parker Valued at $1.2 Billion - Digits - WSJ
[ vertical/niche + brand + no pure play e-commerce but being an eTailer with 'experience stores'/'flag ship stores' + value add customer service that is part of the Brand too. ]. // >> Warby Parker is the newest unicorn - Warby Parker, the online retailer that allows people to try on hipster-framed glasses in their homes, has raised $100 million in funding at a $1.2 billion valuation. The round was led by T. Rowe Price and will be used to keep the company, which is not profitable, running. << // --- &! A fireside chat with Warby Parker's Neil Blumenthal - youtube.com/watch?v=embMMXMJEHk // &! Why Birchbox Co-CEO Katia Beauchamp envies Warby Parker - youtu.be/CHPWr7xjODw // &! Why Warby Parker s CEO dreams to head Ralph Lauren - youtu.be/h231oYa_zXI // &! Warby Parker's CEO on Disruption and Consumer Experience - youtu.be/7BFLO6RTr9o // &! tcrn.ch/1bizc7v
Warby  Parker  e-commerce  eTailer  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  pure  play  Silicon  Valley  niche  Brand 
april 2015 by asterisk2a
Apple Stores Will Implement Jewelry Store Practices To Help Sell The Apple Watch | TechCrunch
9to5Mac reports on a number of concrete changes that will be coming to Apple’s physical retail locations to help securely sell even the highest-priced Apple Watch, and to make sure potential customers get plenty of in-store exposure to the device and its many options. The Apple Watch will be stored in custom-made safes overnight, and while waiting for sale, complete with built-in MagSafe chargers (the new disc-shaped version introduced specifically for Apple Watch compatibility), and new display tables will be installed to allow users to get a close look at the wearable. Additional sales practices will be introduced to let store visitors try on various Apple Watch models, material and color options, and to wear them around the store to get a better idea of what it might be like to wear one full-time.
Apple  Retail  Luxury  status  symbol  socioeconomic  status  social  status  status  anxiety  branding  Brand 
february 2015 by asterisk2a
Doku Die Marketing Könige [Dokumentatin Deutsch 2014] - YouTube
Neopets, Zynga Farm game, Tamagotchi, << game design. +++ habit forming product design, ... +>> then comes the native advertisement because of increased attention span of the user, because marketers like that, in a throwaway world with zero attention span. min 27 -- habit forming product -- user goes back to do something, check of something, get rewards, ... Belohnungssystem (dopamin). << Gamification >> The House always wins. // pinterest; wardrobemalfunction >> vertical, focus, physical, social, advice, recommendation engine, search/find engine, improvement and quantifiable ... // behavioural finance/economic study showed we spend up to 100% more when we use/consider the option to pay with credit card. and decisions are quicker. there is a different feeling of loss of money when you pay cash out of your pocket. the actual physical immediate loss. credit cards allows to live in the now, not to defer pleasure or having to earn it or feel loss by paying cash. adults are infantilized.
marketing  Retail  e-commerce  advertisement  advertising  Consumerism  consumption  consumer  choice  Protection  consumerist  consumer  debt  zombie  consumer  consumer  status  symbol  socioeconomic  status  social  status  status  anxiety  branding  Brand  brands  childhood  Start-Up  lesson  Start-Up  advice  shareship  wardrobemalfunction  feelz  Gamification 
january 2015 by asterisk2a
ModCloth Hit By Second Round Of Layoffs | TechCrunch
ModCloth confirmed the new layoffs to TechCrunch, explaining that the company was affected by a broader downturn in the retailer sector. [...] [... add student debt took over credit card debt this year in total. and consumer spending is a bell weather and biggest part of US economy ... NastyGal layed off people recently too and cited persistent downturn in revenue and some employees cited not a great environment inside of NastyGal, more party than work(?!) ... both companies are falling into the non-essential spending categories/more into "I treatme with this." category for millennials and geny ... further that teams are being relocated away from pricey SF/Silicon Valley is rational, decreasing operational costs, lengthening runway by lowering Burn rate.] ... & http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-29/consumer-spending-in-u-s-falls-for-first-time-in-six-months.html & http://online.wsj.com/articles/u-s-consumer-spending-increased-0-5-in-august-1411993899
ModCloth  NastyGal  Retail  e-commerce  disposable  income  USA  recovery  2014  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  asset  bubble  Taper  equity  bubble  consumer  confidence  business  confidence  zombie  consumer  debtoverhang  deleveraging  fiscal  policy  monetary  policy  unintended  consequences  Gini  coefficient  income  inequality  working  poor  Millennials  generationy  squeezed  middle  class  middle  class  Start-Up  lesson  Start-Up  advice 
october 2014 by asterisk2a
Phones 4U enters administration - YouTube
why u build ur business on somebody else's business/platform??!! Stupid. Was from the beginning a business of commodity and thus slim margins.
Platform  business  model  Retail  brick  and  mortar  business  High  Street 
september 2014 by asterisk2a
Why Amazon Has No Profits (And Why It Works) | Andreessen Horowitz
Amazon has perhaps 1% of the US retail market by value. Should it stop entering new categories and markets and instead take profit, and by extension leave those segments and markets for other companies? Or should it keep investing to sweep them into the platform? Jeff Bezos’s view is pretty clear: keep investing, because to take profit out of the business would be to waste the opportunity. He seems very happy to keep seizing new opportunities, creating new businesses, and using every last penny to do it. Still, investors put their money into companies, Amazon and any other, with the expectation that at some point they will get cash out. With Amazon, Bezos is deferring that profit-producing, investor-rewarding day almost indefinitely into the future. This prompts the suggestion that Amazon is the world’s biggest ‘lifestyle business’ – Bezos is running it for fun, not to deliver economic returns to shareholders, at least not any time soon. || via bit.ly/1pY1U3a
Amazon  Wall  Street  Jeff  Bezos  Zappos  AWS  Amazon  Prime  business  investment  e-commerce  ecommerce  Retail  market  share  convenience 
september 2014 by asterisk2a
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