asterisk2a + mismatch   6

Does The Myth of Meritocracy show us how to alleviate inequality?
No debate about social mobility is complete without reference to the supposedly halcyon days of the 1950s and 1960s. The class fluidity of those decades, however, was not the result of professions becoming more meritocratic. It was caused by an unprecedented rise in the number of middle-class jobs: there was more room at the top. [...] Bloodworth writes that 21st-century society is characterised by a dwindling of professional jobs and more people slipping downwards: there is “more room at the bottom”. [...] Globalisation has created what the economist Robert H Frank calls “winner-takes-all” markets
downward  mobility  social  mobility  income  mobility  inequality  Paul  Mason  book  post-capitalism  James  Bloodworth  Gini  coefficient  income  distribution  structural  unemployment  long-term  unemployment  skill  gap  skills  gap  skill  mismatch  skill-biased  technological  change  AI  artificial  intelligence  globalisation  globalization  rising  middleclass  squeezed  middle  class  BRIC  Manufacturing  economic  history  sociology  Brexit  Identitypolitics  Identitätspolitik  career  ladder  education  bubble  education  cost  autonomous  car  autonomous  cars  self-driving  cars  augmented  intelligence  Robotics  Robots  automation  neoclassical  economics  Chicago  School  trickle-down  economics  trickle-down  effect  1%  10%  20%  working  poor  Precariat  credit  card  credit  card  debt  consumerism  consumerist  austerity  bank  bailout  capitalism  in  crisis  neoliberal  neoliberalism  crony  capitalism  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  Baby  Boomers  babyboomers  Elizabeth  Warren  Joseph  Stiglitz  poverty  trap  poverty  child  poverty  rentier  rent-seeking  winner  take  all  monopoly  monopsony  conglomerate  multinational  Toff  Privileged  Establishment  No  Representation  Politicians  career  politician  Centrist  meritocracy  meritocratic  plutocracy  oligarchy  capitalism 
july 2016 by asterisk2a
Testing times ahead for Universal Credit
[ in real terms cuts through the back door. spin doctor and positioning ] Universal Credit was meant to bring "radical changes" to people's real incomes and incentivise them to move off benefits and into work, according to David Finch, a former economic analyst at the DWP.
"But... the strength of the improved incentives it was meant to bring have been gradually eroded," he says, speaking in his current role as a researcher at the Resolution Foundation.
There have been significant tensions between the Treasury and the DWP over its cost.
Last year the government announced funding cuts to the universal credit "work allowance" - reducing the amount people can earn before benefit payments are withdrawn.
Universal  Credit  DWP  Stephen  Crabb  austerity  spin  doctor  Positioning  PR  Iain  Duncan  Smith  poverty  trap  skill  gap  skill  mismatch  skill-biased  technological  change 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
Why Everyone Must Get Ready For The 4th Industrial Revolution
For example, as automation increases, computers and machines will replace workers across a vast spectrum of industries, from drivers to accountants and estate agents to insurance agents. By one estimate, as many as 47 percent of U.S. jobs are at risk from automation. Many experts suggest that the fourth industrial revolution will benefit the rich much more than the poor, especially as low-skill, low-wage jobs disappear in favor of automation.

But this isn’t new. Historically, industrial revolutions have always begun with greater inequality followed by periods of political and institutional change. The industrial revolution that began at the beginning of the 19th century originally led to a huge polarization of wealth and power, before being followed by nearly 100 years of change including the spread of democracy, trade unions, progressive taxation and the development of social safety nets.
Mobile  Creative  Mobile  Creatives  augmented  intelligence  artificial  intelligence  AI  Robotics  automation  destruction  creativity  book  social  safety  net  welfare  state  tax  credit  working  poor  Precariat  low  pay  low  income  Universal  Basic  income  tax  receipts  job  creation  Service  Sector  Jobs  precarious  work  precarious  employment  Contractor  part-time  Zero  Hour  Contract  self-employment  tax  evasion  profit  maximisation  profit  maximization  shareholder  capitalism  shareholder  value  Wall  Street  M&A  Autonomous  Cars  Google  Car  Uber  public  transport  public  transportation  corporate  tax  rate  tax  amnesty  tax  avoidance  Panama  Papers  offshore  banking  Super  Rich  1%  plutocracy  oligarchy  Soziale  Marktwirtschaft  skills  gap  skills  economy  skill  mismatch  skill-biased  technological  change  skill  gap  skills  mismatch  skills  shortage  skills  missmatch  skill  investment  education  policy  winner  take  all  business  model  R&D  R&D  underinvestment  austerity  Generationengerechtigkeit  fairness  democracy  secular  stagnation  western  world  job  market  labour  market  poverty  trap  economic  history  UK  USA  Europe  Germany 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
Will Advances in Technology Create a Jobless Future? | MIT Technology Review
Who Will Own the Robots? - We’re in the midst of a jobs crisis, and rapid advances in AI and other technologies may be one culprit. How can we get better at sharing the wealth that technology creates? // BY MARTIN FORD - The Great Divide: Unequal Societies and What We Can Do About Them BY JOSEPH E. STIGLITZ &! Inequality: What Can Be Done? BY ANTHONY B. ATKINSON &! The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies BY ERIK BRYNJOLFSSON AND ANDREW MCAFEE // &! Paul Krugman - “A lot of what’s happening [in income inequality] is not just the gods of technology telling us what must happen but is in fact [due to] social constructs that could be different.” - gov policy, corporate policy (ie 4-day work week and 6-hour days because productivity and profit margin do allow for that, and more brings diminished returns etc etc but will that go down well with Wall Street?)
Universal  Basic  Income  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  crony  capitalism  shared  economic  interest  AI  Software  Is  Eating  The  World  marketplace  efficiencies  mobile  homescreen  mobile  phone  commodity  business  commoditization  Service  Sector  Jobs  Niedriglohnsektor  Future  of  Work  Creatives  Creative  skill-biased  technological  change  skills  gap  skill  mismatch  education  policy  Makers  4-day  week  6-hour  day  productivity  output  gap  secular  stagnation  squeezed  middle  class  working  poor  precarious  1099  Economy  Gig  Economy  self-employment  Zero  Hour  Contract  Contractor  on-demand  convenience  outsourcing  job  creation  job  market  labour  economics  labour  market  neoliberalism  neoliberal  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  capitalism  inequality  capital  gains  1%  Super  Rich  meritocracy  meritocratic  tax  code  tax  tax  free  welfare  state  tax  credit  Public  Services  Social  Services  austerity  dogma  manufactured  consent  propaganda  populism  lobbyist  lobby  Lobbying  PR  spin  doctor  Robotics  3D  printing  Manufacturing  STEM  industrial  policy  automation  self-driving  cars  autonomous  car  marginal  cost  economics  of  abundance  safety  net  Gini  inequality  technological  technological  labour  capital 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
Malcolm Gladwell on the challenge of hiring in the modern world - The New Yorker Conference - YouTube
// self-taught autodidact non-computer science applicants are not doing well in traditional brogrammer interviews &! RailsConf 2014 - Keynote: Writing Software by David Heinemeier Hansson - https://youtu.be/9LfmrkyP81M
Software  Development  HR  human  resources  programmers  Programming  computer  science  STEM  vocational  education  continual  education  e-learning  online  learning  MOOC  hiring  skills  mismatch  education  policy  practical  skills  practical  skill  set 
may 2015 by asterisk2a

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