asterisk2a + discretionary + krugman   11

Piketty: EU should welcome one million immigrants a year
"The European Union has the capacity to absorb a large flow of migrants, one million per year in terms of inflow net of outflow," he said.
"This is exactly what we had between 2000 and 2010 and this was working in the sense that unemployment was being reduced.
"The problem is - with the austerity policies and with the recession - now we are in a situation where it's very difficult in particular with southern Europe, with the terrible economic situation that we have created there in particular." [...] The population of the EU has only risen by 0.2% a year since 1995, he argues, compared to 1.2% for the world's population over the same period.
According to Eurostat, the official statistical arm of the European Commission, a total of 3.4 million people came to the EU during 2013. Some 2.8 million left, leaving a net immigration figure of around 600,000. [S]low growth [...] exacerbated not just by a lack of immigration but also by austerity policies aimed at reducing public expenditure. [EU in recession 2011 forward]
immigration  migration  refugee  crisis  Integrationspolitik  Sozialpolitik  youth  unemployment  austerity  GFC  secular  stagnation  Richard  Koo  ageing  population  demographic  bubble  social  safety  net  pension  obligation  economic  history  welfare  state  Gini  coefficient  Super  Rich  inequality  social  mobility  income  mobility  plutocracy  oligarchy  Precariat  working  poor  squeezed  middle  class  hartz-iv  Aufstocker  neoliberal  neoliberalism  Soziale  Marktwirtschaft  ALG2  Zeitarbeit  Leiharbeit  Minijob  part-time  employment  Contractor  self-employment  Zero  Hour  Contract  underinvestment  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  Robert  Skidelsky  bank  bailout  Fiscal  Pact  Schuldenbremse  Wolfgang  Schäuble  Angela  Merkel  Leadership  Wall  Street  shareholder  capitalism  crony  capitalism  lobby  No  Representation  Career  Politicians  democracy  European  Union  UK  Elizabeth  Warren  Paul  Krugman  Robert  Reich  Joseph  Stiglitz  carbon  tax  policy  folly  policy  error  right-wing  far-right  Rechtsruck  recovery  nominal  GDP  targeting  inflation  targeting  finite  resources  resource  depletion  GNP  GDP  GDP  measurement  profit  maximisation  profit  shareholder  policy  income  inequality  income 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
Discussing the IMF’s research on inequality - an interview with Andrew Berg
Inequality and Unsustainable Growth (2011) - imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2011/sdn1108.pdf - what are the determinants of sustained growth (answer a middle class). phases of growth. institutional governance (tax evasion and tax avoidance). lobby, revolving door, no representation, career politicians. [...] redistribution should have win-win effect. //&! Richard Wilkinson: How economic inequality harms societies - youtu.be/cZ7LzE3u7Bw - national income per head (average) is not reflective (correlates) for health and child well-being measures, social capital (volunteering, Tories Big Society), mental health, prison population, social mobility. that is why Tories redefined fuel poverty & child poverty! That is why nominal GDP targeting is double edge sword (tax evasion and average national income per head, and being dependent on a industry for GDP (ie Brazil and resources, or south UK and banking - 80% of 2015 growth was consumtion). Leads to status anxiety & materialism/
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april 2016 by asterisk2a
Beware the Minuses of Negative Interest Rates
Whether sub-zero interest rates actually work is open to debate, however. So says Richard Koo, the chief economist of the Nomura Research Institute. “In my view,” he writes, “the adoption of negative interest rates is an act of desperation born out of despair over the inability of quantitative easing and inflation targeting to produce the desired results.” The failure of the BOJ and the ECB to meet their inflation and growth goals is shared by the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England. None of these central banks understand that their textbook solutions don’t fit the real economy, Koo asserts. [...] And on a more practical level, why corporations sit on record hoards of cash (taxes aside). [<< macro prudential policy ] //&! “When no one is borrowing money, monetary policy is largely useless.” [...] Keynes was right and (Milton) Freidman was wrong. - bit.ly/1Kl07Ri & There is no Confidence Fairy //&! fam.ag/1ogOOiM & bit.ly/1LpJL4W & bit.ly/1VgSjAB & bit.ly/214Icm3 & bit.ly/1Kl228n
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february 2016 by asterisk2a
As growth falters, Osborne hopes Mark Carney can keep a lid on interest rates | Business | The Guardian
The chancellor faces lower GDP and lower tax receipts as a result. So it’s vital that consumers’ desire to keep spending isn’t hit by a nasty shock from the Bank [ // Confidence Fairy // ] The Bank of England has downgraded its forecasts for the UK’s GDP growth and the outlook for wages, most likely robbing the exchequer of vital income tax receipts. And without the funds to maintain pensions and health service spending, his critics will gleefully play back the speech from last November during which he declared that Britain was on the road to becoming “the most prosperous and secure of all the major nations of the world”. [...] Yet his words ring hollow when so many of the post-crash problems are still with us, from the burden of high private and public debts to Europe’s rapidly ageing population, which encourage saving over investment, and a reluctance from government and big business to boost capital spending.
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february 2016 by asterisk2a
More Evidence Supporting the House of Debt | House of Debt
Many have argued that we overstate the importance of housing and household debt in explaining the Great Recession and weak recovery. They point to the banking crisis, policy uncertainty, or excessive regulation as equally or even more important. The data released today by the BEA show pretty clearly that the arguments we make in House of Debt remain relevant for thinking about economic weakness today. In our view, the explanation we provide is the most consistent with the striking difference in consumption across states. // From Comments: Without real median income rising you can’t grow in an economy based on debt expansion
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february 2016 by asterisk2a
James Galbraith, Kate Pickett, Branko Milanovic - Consequences of Inequality and Wealth Distribution - YouTube
free education / land value tax / higher inheritance tax / abolition of private education / more progressive taxation / combat tax avoidance and tax evasion / ... Universal Basic Income //&! New Theoretical Perspectives on the Distribution of Income and Wealth Among Individuals - youtu.be/RO8KWTb2iPM - w Joseph Stiglitz and Paul Krugman --- distinguishing between wealth and capital. ignore land (free yourself from Ricardo). land. credit. //&! David Cay Johnston: The Perils Of Our Growing Inequality - David Cay Johnston about his new book, Divided: The Perils of Our Growing Inequality. - youtu.be/ok7ZJ8mS19Y
inequality  income  inequality  Gini  coefficient  education  policy  income  distribution  income  redistribution  tax  free  income  income  mobility  social  mobility  health  inequality  gender  inequality  trickle-down  economics  neoliberalism  neoliberal  welfare  state  social  safety  net  progressive  tax  code  Super  Rich  1%  oligarchy  plutocracy  social  democracy  No  Representation  Career  Politicians  democracy  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  Universal  Basic  inheritance  tax  financial  literacy  wealth  distribution  wealth-distribution  transferring-wealth  Thomas  Piketty  Joseph  Stiglitz  Robert  Reich  squeezed  middle  class  globalization  globalisation  Paul  Krugman  Elizabeth  Warren  austerity  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  fiscal  policy  economic  growth  Supply  and  Demand  Demand  and  Supply  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  credit  bubble  GFC  recovery  monetary  policy  debt  servitude  consumer  debt  household  debt  Student  Loan  debt  debt  credit  card  debt  credit  card  economic  history  macroeconomic  policy  microeconomic  policy  competitiveness  productivity  knowledge  worker  book  monopoly  oligopoly  oligopol  American  Dream  meritocracy  meritocratic  post-racial  America  free  market  freemarkets  dogma  ideology 
january 2016 by asterisk2a
Perhaps austerity didn't choke off UK recovery - BBC News
But, as I mentioned, the disclosure that we were a bit richer in the last parliament than we thought is not all fabulous news for the chancellor. He and his Treasury colleagues should probably be anxious that the faster growth did not translate into higher tax revenues. In case you need reminding, George Osborne singularly failed to hit the deficit reduction targets he set himself. But the explanation can no longer be that the economy flatlined, because that's not what happened. So if the higher-than-thought growth in the last parliament left the gap between government revenues and expenditures tens of billions of pounds greater than George Osborne hoped, it also suggests that his aspiration of eliminating the deficit in this parliament may prove equally elusive. //&! Despite strong employment growth, wage growth remained historically weak - the usual link between falling unemployment and rising wages seemed to have been broken. - bbc.in/1OEffcS
trickle-down  economics  tax  evasion  tax  avoidance  self-employment  employment  working  poor  precarious  work  job  creation  Service  Sector  Jobs  Niedriglohnsektor  George  Osborne  austerity  economic  history  recovery  budget  deficit  fiscal  policy  property  bubble  credit  bubble  mortgage  market  excess  reserves  zombie  banks  zombie  corporations  zombie  consumer  Richard  Koo  academics  academia  IMF  Paul  Krugman  Gini  coefficient  inequality  underinvestment  Joseph  Stiglitz  private  debt  household  debt  credit  card  debt  credit  card  debt  servitude  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  wage  stagnation  wage  growth  income  growth  low  income  income  distribution  squeezed  middle  class  Sozialer  Abstieg  productivity  output  gap  Niall  Ferguson  secular  stagnation  underemployed  structural  unemployment  structural  imbalance  faultlines  Impediments  skills  gap 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
One Map Shows Just How Expensive College Can Be for Students Making Minimum Wage
[S]ubstantial evidence that lack of information plays a critical role in shaping the financial decisions people make. Consider how a vast majority of people who are currently defaulting on their student loans in the U.S. would be able to halt their financial suffering if they knew they could enroll in an income-based repayment plan that would shrink or eliminate their monthly payments. This map goes some way toward explaining why low-income students are less likely to enroll in college. If the idea that college is a risky investment is something thats gaining traction in well-to-do circles, then surely people who hail from less fortunate backgrounds are even more inclined to think the potential price is too high. // could be seen as balance sheet recession: rising cost of education - & on other side - unable 2 pay w job u can get (asset value). Education is mispriced in UK/USA in a new world going forward! >> youtu.be/_EDGTzOXa_g?t=1h46m5s
College  University  USA  student  loan  debt  student  loan  student  debt  NPL  un-college  minimum  wage  cost  of  living  income  growth  wage  growth  wage  stagnation  Millennials  generationy  disposable  income  discretionary  spending  babyboomers  living  standard  standard  of  living  living  wage  Generationengerechtigkeit  generation  rent  2015  income  mobility  social  mobility  downward  mobility  Gini  coefficient  income  distribution  1%  Super  Rich  income  inequality  low  income  income  redistribution  precarious  work  working  poor  job  security  job  creation  UK  education  policy  competition  globalisation  globalization  neoliberalism  neoliberal  Privatisation  borderless  flat  world  trickle-down  economics  economic  history  inequality  labour  market  Service  Sector  Jobs  Niedriglohnsektor  marginal  propensity  to  consume  Robert  Reich  Joseph  Stiglitz  Paul  Krugman  Thomas  Piketty  Elizabeth  Warren  Larry  Lessig  labour  economics  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  shared  economic  interest  secular  stagnation  stagnation  debt  servitude  Super  Cycle  debtoverhang  deleveraging  balance  sheet  recession  financial  literacy  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  social  contract  political  theory  vested  interest  interest  groups  generational  contract  lost  generation  lost  decade  personal  bankruptcy  poverty  trap  Mark  Blyth  dem 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Millennials Can't Afford Cars, and Are Fine With That - Bloomberg View
As somebody who wondered in a column last week whether people in developed countries were perhaps learning that they no longer needed as much stuff as they used to, and whether this might lead to big shifts in the global economy, I read on with great interest. [...] The changes in young adults' consumption habits have clearly been influenced by economic forces. But economic forces shape societal attitudes, too. I also don't see much sign that these economic forces are about to reverse. Both these things can be true: The median 25-to-34-year-old has less to spend, and is less interested in spending it on a car.
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
▶ How The Economic Machine Works by Ray Dalio
credit great 4 productive investments 4 the future that will benefit u/me/gov/biz like infrastructure/edu/skills. but waste 4 pure consumption that dont increase productivity in the long run. Like consumer credit spend 2 replace a 2yr old flat screen. vs consumer credit 4 vocational/professional further edu 2 get a higher earning job (future higher income 2 repay the then debt liability & have some more/left over). Bad if u dont have later higher earnings from higher education 2 repay debt & just work in an underemployed placement that any college dropout could do. Thing is, college dropout doesnt have that debt liability that the higher education person has (reduced disposable income bc debt repayment + interest payments.) Women are hit double (gender pay gap) & triple (childcare long-term earnings loss). // min16 income growth important 2 keep up with debt repayment beyond interest. if not, we reached peak long-term debt cycle! // doesnt include globalisation's deflationary effects
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Richard Duncan: The Real Risk Of A Coming Multi-Decade Global Depression - YouTube
50 year long debt super cycle & credit bubble up-held. Put. // hasnt created inflation because of Globalisation = deflationary! [3bn ppl living on $2/day] Collapse of marginal cost of labour, offsetting inflation pressure of QE/NIRP/credit creation last decades. // Will eventually haunt people back once globalisation has run its way in ~100-75 years & the world is actually flat. energy cost 0, marginal cost 0, economics of abundance. // // min 23 AND because of this deflationary pressure of globalisation, excess capacity, etc lead to wage stagnation & or pressure to work 4 less (Contractor, Werkvertrag, Zeitarbeit, self-employment, Zero Hour Contract, outsourcing) and longer, in western world. Leads inevitably 2 being pushed into recession & avoiding that authorities always pushed button 4 more credit. Credit growth prevented western world not 2 be pushed into recession in last decades. 2010 Private Sector cant drive recovery! Massive Gov stimulus needed +10 years, not austerity!
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september 2015 by asterisk2a

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