asterisk2a + currency-war   59

Adam Posen: What Japan and the UK Demonstrate about Macroeconomic Stimulus - YouTube
Confidence Fairy - Paul Krugman. (sov debt crisis) only applicable if you don't have a central bank. like Greece. that can do QE as much as you need to stabilise monetary system. ie stop deleveraging, only serving debt. meaning deflation. // different QE, diversity. shift risk appetite to more riskier debt. ... // fiscal activism can't overcome austerity ... // UK has it work because it doesn't have the manufacturing base. but its population is growing, not shrinking. but job creation - multiplier to economy is 1 or lower because of mostly service sector job creation which lot need to access welfare state through tax credits. // min 11. Gordon Brown and Alistair Darling did lots right! GPB depreciation. budget deficit growth. But imports stayed high!!! current account deficit and trade deficit. Austerity undermines growth and BOE policy! cut you future and investment (4-1 ration). UK got no credibility bonus from bond vigilantes, no FDI inflows.
Abenomics  economic  history  secular  stagnation  UK  austerity  Japan  BOE  BOJ  Mark  Carney  deflationary  deflation  demographic  bubble  ageing  population  migration  immigration  Sozialpolitik  Integrationspolitik  Paul  Krugman  JGB  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  liquidity  trap  balance  sheet  recession  Richard  Koo  deleveraging  ECB  TLTRO  LTRO  debt  monetisation  debt  monetization  monetary  policy  monetary  transmission  mechanism  monetary  stimulus  monetary  theory  unconventional  monetary  policy  monetary  system  financial  repression  distortion  speculative  bubbles  creditrating  creditrisk  junk  bond  NPL  credit  bubble  recovery  George  Osborne  Fiscal  Pact  Schuldenbremse  Super  Cycle  sovereign  debt  crisis  debtoverhang  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  current  account  deficit  trade  deficit  IMF  OBR  foreign  direct  investment  Conservative  Party  nasty  fairness  Generationengerechtigkeit  policy  folly  policy  error 
january 2016 by asterisk2a
Bank of Japan shocks markets by adopting negative interest rates | World news | The Guardian
BOJ shock decision to adopt negative interest rates, in an attempt to protect the flagging economy from market volatility and fears over the global economy. In a 5-4 vote, the bank’s board imposed a 0.1% fee on deposits left with the Bank of Japan (BoJ) – in effect a negative interest rate. The move, which follows the similarly aggressive precedent set by the ECB in June 2014, is designed to encourage commercial banks to use excess reserves they keep with the central bank to lend to businesses. //&! The Disturbing Reasons Why The Bank Of Japan Stunned Everyone With Negative Rates - bit.ly/1UvpOyO - encouraging capex, supporting existing bubbles ie equity and bonds (joining draghi). Citing examples of Sweden and Switzerland with NIRP. And ECB of combining QE and NIRP. Combating China exporting deflation. And keep the pace of JGB purchases, keeping the bubble floating. [A] "last-ditch measure"[.] [I]t may be time to panic. - 2016/2017 //&! Currency War - bit.ly/1QwOGox
ECB  BOJ  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  debt  monetisation  debt  monetization  monetary  policy  monetary  transmission  mechanism  monetary  theory  unconventional  monetary  policy  monetary  stimulus  monetary  system  deposit  levy  MarioDraghi  Abenomics  economic  history  deleveraging  debtoverhang  balance  sheet  recession  GFC  recovery  Yen  Euro  credit  bubble  liquidity  trap  distortion  asset  bubble  asset  allocation  equity  bubble  speculative  bubbles  bond  bubble  property  bubble  debt  bubble  New  Normal  financial  repression  faultlines  global  economy  structural  imbalance  global  imbalances  demographic  bubble  ageing  population  Japan  UK  secular  stagnation  western  world  inflation  expectation  inflation  targeting  nominal  GDP  targeting  deflation  Sweden  Switzerland  China  Yuan  JGB  2016  USA  Europe  sovereign  debt  crisis  austerity  business  confidence  consumer  confidence  Super  Cycle  recession  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war 
january 2016 by asterisk2a
Holes in the walls of the Brics by FT Hard Currency
most are domestic problems. low hanging fruits have been picked in the last 20 years during the race with global economy. can not rely on west to export to. as west is in secular stagnation with debtoverhang of private secort/household debt/consumer debt. BRIC's have to build social safety net, welfare state, health care insurance, access to justice system, patent system protection, property rights, infrastructure, ... // investors have to pick local future champions (serving emerging middle class), can not bet just on ETF/national index if they want to outperform for the next 20 years.
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october 2015 by asterisk2a
Nomi Prins-Federal Reserve Transition to Destruction - YouTube
via - http://schiffgold.com/interviews/former-wall-street-insider-some-form-of-bank-bail-ins-will-come-to-us-video/ ||&! QE and ZIRP bad policy, bank and market cuddeling. no mainstreet recovery! trickle-down failed. Private sector can not carry existing minimal momentum forward. policy has not helped people on the ground. // many bubbles created: junk bond/zombie corps, car loans, student loans, property, ... // transition to destruction, volatility is first sign. // market manipulation! // inflated financial system // rise in NPL! where how will they cover that? another bailout? or bail-in. taking depositors haircut. FDIC can't cover that all.
ZIRP  NIRP  book  QE  reflate  reflation  equity  bubble  credit  bubble  Taper  Richard  Koo  BRIC  China  2015  junk  bond  trickle-down  economics  Super  Rich  1%  property  bubble  household  debt  UK  USA  BOE  Fed  mandate  Fed  Janet  Yellen  Mark  Carney  MPC  monetary  policy  monetary  transmission  mechanism  excess  reserves  retail  banking  secular  stagnation  wage  stagnation  disposable  income  income  distribution  income  inequality  Gini  coefficient  inequality  squeezed  middle  class  job  creation  job  market  labour  market  Niedriglohnsektor  Service  Sector  Jobs  recovery  GFC  benbernanke  alangreenspan  dot.com  speculative  bubbles  bank  bailout  banking  crisis  leverage  margin  trading  Super  Cycle  debt  servitude  private  debt  debt  monetization  debt  monetisation  fiscal  policy  austerity  consumer  debt  credit  card  credit  card  debt  car  loan  debtoverhang  economic  history  zombie  banks  zombie  corporations  zombie  consumer  mainstreet.org  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  crony  capitalism  corporate  debt  bubbles  asset  bubble  correction  mortgage  market  libor  rigging  scandal  trust  Career  Politicians  neoliberalism  neoliberal  FX  reserves  hot-money  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  balance  sheet  recession  Niall  Ferguson  financial  repression  distortion  Pr 
october 2015 by asterisk2a
IMF warns of new financial crisis if interest rates rise | Business | The Guardian
Fund says governments in emerging markets should prepare now for a new credit crunch because of a 10-year corporate borrowing binge [...] “Shocks to the corporate sector could quickly spill over to the financial sector and generate a vicious cycle as banks curtail lending. Decreased loan supply would then lower aggregate demand and collateral values, further reducing access to finance and thereby economic activity, and in turn, increasing losses to the financial sector,” the IMF warns. [...] “Emerging markets must prepare for the adverse domestic stability implications of global financial tightening,” the IMF says.
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Fed chief Yellen says US rate rise still likely this year - BBC News
The US remains "on track" for an interest rate rise this year, Federal Reserve chief Janet Yellen has said. The central bank head said as long as inflation was stable and the US economy was strong enough to boost jobs, the conditions would be right for a rise. Despite expectations of a rise this month, the Fed held rates, in part due to fears about global economic growth. Ms Yellen, speaking at the University of Massachusetts, said US economic prospects "generally appear solid". Speaking a week after the Fed delayed that long-anticipated hike, she said she and other policymakers did not expect recent global economic and financial market developments to significantly affect the central bank's policy. Much recent inflationary weakness is due to special and likely temporary factors, such as a strong dollar and low oil prices, she said. //&! http://www.bloombergview.com/articles/2015-09-25/janet-yellen-s-flip-flop-confuses-markets
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Weltwirtschaft: BIZ warnt vor Krediten in Schwellenländern - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Die Bank für Internationalen Zahlungsausgleich sieht Alarmzeichen für Banken in vielen Schwellenländern. Die Kreditvergabe in China, Brasilien oder der Türkei habe ein bedrohliches Verhältnis angenommen, warnt die Notenbank. // &! Die Welt steuert auf den Bankrott zu (QE trap): Eine vorläufige Antwort: Das tieferliegende Problem besteht darin, dass sich die Weltwirtschaft insgesamt auf den Bankrott zubewegt - und das wird umso schneller gehen, je höher die Zinsen sind und je niedriger die Preissteigerungsraten.
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Jim Grant: The Fed Turned the Stock Market Into a 'Hall of Mirrors' - YouTube
- bull market in equities not reflective of real fundamentals on the side of the consumer (aggregate demand, marginal propensity to consume). can not pick up the tab. inequality also does not help.
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Brazil's downgrade | Authers' Note - YouTube
- 6 killer apps not yet properly installed. - // and still dependent on western world demand! aggregate demand via western consumer. // credit bubble and ZIRP/NIRP/QE has run its way largely // private sector could not pick up recovery. no appetite. same for SME SMB mittelstand. excess reserves not lend out because the horse has to drink by itself, can't make the drink. // especially when it has no means to served future credit interest payment coupons and principal repayment with no income growth! for decades. // inequality huts, middle class destoryed. - Career Politicans, Fear, polarisation, inequality, gini coefficient, zeit arbeit, leiharbeit, self-employment, working conditions, ...sozialer abstieg, squeezed middle class, ... insecurity, cloudy future, richard koo: austerity isn't helping!
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Raghuram Rajan - One-on-One: an investigative interview - 44th St. Gallen Symposium - YouTube
Relying too much on the wrong instrument, monetary policy, unconventional QE2 & 3 >> little domestic positive impact but spilled over much across the world! // consequences now seen (1) taper tantrum late 2014 & then summer 2015; china slow-down/equity crash & taper anticipation moves followed up by pulling money out of emerging/developing markets! financial market are divergent from domestic business market. cycles shifted apart slightly. investor, business, financial market & consumer confidence are not linked as tightly before! // financial markets are now global, business markets itself not as much! money can be pulled out digitally in an instance. // no net-positive 4 whole world. selfishness. long-run danger. unintended consequences, unknown unknowns. // global sub-optimal monetary policy // global system (monetary system) broke // uncertainty, unknown of taper. timing debate. game of chicken. volatility bc of lots of froth, distortion! // &! youtu.be/SZe3issLIb8
Raghuram  Rajan  BIS  centralbanks  hot-money  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  GFC  recovery  monetary  policy  QE  ZIRP  NIRP  excess  reserves  speculative  bubbles  reflate  reflation  economic  history  faultlines  credit  bubble  BRIC  2015  emerging  market  Developing  World  western  secular  stagnation  BOJ  Abenomics  PBOC  globalization  globalisation  financial  market  zombie  banks  savings  glut  business  confidence  business  investment  USA  UK  Europe  China  asset  bubble  asset  allocation  FOMO  hunt  for  yield  speculative  speculation  Super  Rich  1%  property  bubble  unconventional  monetary  policy  Fed  BOE  ECB  inflation  expectation  inflation  targeting  Fed  mandate  deflationary  deflation  fiscal  policy  irrational  exuberance  panic  hubris  unknown  unkown  unintended  consequences  Taper  book  structural  imbalance  Impediments  reserve  currency  fiat  currency  current  account  deficit  trade  deficit  structural  deficit  fiscal  deficit  fiscal  stimulus  Germany  austerity  dogma  ideology  credibility  Career  Politicians  Pact  Schuldenbremse  monetary  transmission  mechanism  monetary  stimulus  monetary  theory  monetary  system  complexity  incomplete  information  shadow  banking  uncertainty  volatility  distortion  financial  repression  governance 
september 2015 by asterisk2a
Austerity Now: Brazil's Downgrade and Reckoning - Bloomberg View
Brazil faces its deepest recession in 25 years, policy drift and now a reputation deficit that threaten to undo years of prosperity and social gains. [...] even years on, with the economy set to shrink by two percent this year, and unemployment and consumer debt spiking, Brazil looks more likely cast as the leader of submerging markets and the sick man of the BRICS, the club of outsize developing nations -- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa -- once touted to lead world growth.
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Why did Japan stop growing? Professor Takeo Hoshi at ANU - YouTube
Blyth argued its culture/society & structural. TPP trade deal might help productivity growth & opening Japan further 2 global trade. & encourage immigration reform. Regulatory reform; stop protection of zombies (gov guarantees, contracts, subsidies), corporate governance. Oversight. Transparency. Also Start-up rate (bottom-up disruption) needs reform (reduce red tape, create start-up/business hubs) // &! What is Abenomics? - youtu.be/_UafzhHzmwE //&! Noriko Hama & Yukio Noguchi "Abenomics and What comes After" - youtu.be/a29FTJXYev0 'unable to share affluence' - income redistribution << marginal propensity to consume, 16% left out of society (poverty), lack of empathy & compassion. BOJ is single lender 2 gov. Career Politicians! Companies have no need 2 borrow/cant force banks 2 lend. //&! min52 Problem of rising long-term interest rates solved w BOJ debt monetisation = inflation (probable near future scenario). &! youtu.be/ArnLHTE0e1g &! youtu.be/wYtJ7Fyn9NA &! youtu.be/AbKeTeb-I_M
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Group of 20 Financial Leaders Agree to Act to Bolster Growth - The New York Times
Ms. Lagarde was even more explicit, making it clear that governments had for too long relied on the supply of cheap cash from central banks that have been running ultra-loose monetary policy. “Monetary policy alone will not cut it,” she said. “It is necessary, it is recommended from our perspective, particularly in Europe and in Japan still, but it will not cut it on its own. “Clearly in the fiscal sphere as well as in the structural reforms sphere, more needs to be done, and it needs to accompany and eventually take the baton from the central bank governors.”
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
China's impossible trinity - BBC News
At the heart of China's problem is the "impossible trinity" of international macroeconomics. The impossible trinity - or trilemma - is the idea that it is impossible for a country to have three things at the same time: a stable currency, the free movement of capital (i.e. the absence of capital controls) and independent monetary policy. A country can instead choose just two of the options from this policy suite. The UK, in common with most developed economies, has free capital movement and an independent monetary policy - but not a controlled exchange rate. The Bank of England sets interest rates at a level it thinks is right for the UK economy and - as capital can flow into and out of the UK at will - the exchange rate is determined by the market. [...] But the bigger criticism is usually over the nature of the post-2009 stimulus package [...] But, for all the criticism, the counterfactual is rarely stated. What would global growth have looked like without it? [//+ deflation factors]
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
«Die Chinesen haben einen Plan – und das ist ein gewaltiger Vorteil» - watson
[ focus on productive investment in the future - is hard to get going, internal economic re-tooling - social safety net, pension, health care - so people have higher propensity to spend/consume. ] Das Seidenstrasse-Projekt [massive integration of Asia/Africa into its own future, non-dependent on western world!!!] ist – obwohl die Chinesen diesen Vergleich hassen – eine Art Marshallplan. Sie sagen den asiatischen Schwellenländern: Ihr könnt Kredite von unseren Entwicklungsfonds haben, und ihr kauft unsere Produkte. China braucht seine riesigen Dollarreserven, um dieses Projekt zu finanzieren. [...] Zeigen Sie mir einen Plan für Europa? Oder für die USA? Die Chinesen haben einen Plan, und allein das ist ein gewaltiger Vorteil. [ 21st century economy, STEM, research, added value, productive investment, high end manufacturing type of the future ie bio, gene stuff, 3D printing, knowledge economy, added value services by educated & skilled workforce, social mobility, sense of agency ]
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september 2015 by asterisk2a
Steen Jakobsen: Get Ready For The Biggest Margin Call In History - YouTube
ideology/Career Politicians/Complacency/Cushy/non-ambitious/AIIB/comfortable //&! bit.ly/1cU2RVS March 2015, SELL & come back in 6 months - bloom.bg/1NTykGB //&! bit.ly/1NJvXai &! bit.ly/1VsYTEJ Outrageous predictions for 2015 were: China devalues yuan 20% [joining others in global struggle to import inflation] &! Corporate high yield market spreads double (higher refinancing cost, which zombie corporations do actually have no pants on as tide goes out) "High yield is a derivative of equity markets. If you believe equities are overvalued, so too is high yield," &! UK house prices crash (foreign hot money, speculative + shortage + Summer 2015 Crash + BOE Taper in 2015/16 = back to reality!) &! Russia defaults again // &! Fed Taper is a "margin call," [need 2 normalize despite its mandate/fundamentals not warranting a hike!] [...] a seven-year bull run 4 equities might be coming to an end [...] the rise (not value) of RMB/Yuan as it becomes free floating out of need] - cnb.cx/1MMyLSC
Abenomics  Yen  Yuan  RMB  devaluation  currency-war  fiat  currency  currency  debasement  currency  war  deflationary  deflation  credit  bubble  PBOC  China  credit  cycle  business  cycle  financial  cycle  financial  crisis  leverage  margin  trading  underinvestment  productive  investment  business  investment  public  investment  personal  investment  infrastructure  investment  rebalancing  structural  imbalance  Impediments  infrastructure  Career  Politicians  short-term  Fortune  500  shareholder  value  profit  maximisation  Wall  Street  ROI  STEM  Research  R&D  business  confidence  consumer  confidence  New  Normal  hunt  for  yield  output  gap  productivity  Software  Is  Eating  The  World  Robotics  3D  printing  Steen  Jakobsen  financial  incentive  secular  stagnation  Manufacturing  Industrial  Revolution  2.0  policy  AIIB  Asia  European  Union  share  buyback  2015  equity  bubble  speculative  bubbles  bond  bubble  property  bubble  asset  bubble  asset  allocation  distortion  demographic  bubble  ageing  population  western  developed  liquidity  trap  UK  USA  Europe  BOE  Fed  BOJ  ECB  bank  bailout  toobigtofail  too  big  to  jail  too  big  to  bail  banking  crisis  sovereign  debt  crisis  austerity  ideology  dogma  economic  history  trickle-down  economics  neoliberalism  neoliberal 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
Forget China - Oil Price Is Main Driver Of Market Turmoil | Zero Hedge
For the moment we are expecting oil producers to start to minimize their loses by producing even more oil. The oil crisis has just begun. // // &! DeMark compares China to the start of the Great Depression in the US, and when applying the 38.2 Fib retracement levels which have been breached, now expects even more pain for Chinese stocks - bit.ly/1NJdISb // // &! THINGS WERE TOO FAR AWAY FROM REALITY - Many indicators confirm that last week was remarkable and historic. Record after record was set, including the largest daily move, the biggest intra-day reversal and the most harrowing intra-day air pocket. - bv.ms/1O45W2i - legitimate questions about the robustness of the global economy [ contagion & overshoot - hubris and panic alike, good news gets washed down w bad news, extreme volatility still break markets, contagion still real & ppl are leveraged again (were complacent, institutional! investors!) ] market craziness. [ irrational exuberance that were equities ]. &! bv.ms/1UnLeMV
Oil  price  energy  price  OPEC  2015  China  commodities  global  trade  global  economy  western  world  developed  world  BRIC  credit  bubble  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  PBOC  economic  slowdown  reflate  reflation  asset  allocation  asset  bubble  hunt  for  yield  liquidity  trap  Fed  BOE  BOJ  ECB  hot-money  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  economic  history  debt  monetisation  debt  monetization  contagion  VIX  volatility  uncertainty  unknown  unkown  unintended  consequences  margin  trading  deleveraging  Greed  Wall  Street  profit  maximisation  shareholder  value  share  buyback  hubris  panic  behavioral  finance  behavioral  economics  irrational  exuberance  economic  growth  monetary  policy  monetary  stimulus  unconventional  monetary  policy  zombie  banks  business  confidence  consumer  confidence  recovery  speculative  bubbles  speculative  speculation  equity  bubble  bond  bubble  property  bubble  economic  damage 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
Marc Faber: The Global Economy Is Entering An Epic Slump - YouTube
could see liquidity squeeze. have global credit bubble. Chinas own (2009-Put) did pop, probably just this Summer '15! // may lead 2 zombie banks, if they werent already if it werent 4 PBOC with huge amounts of NPL also within shadow banking system. bit.ly/1FaVAZt policy response could be 2 double down on usual mis-guided measures 2 keep status quo. extend & pretend. // World is still flush, thus currently moderate signs of impact of China slowdown - bit.ly/1EuMVXe - will take time. // &! leverage / margin trading was/is at new highs comparable to 2007 on both side of Pacific (USA/China) - bit.ly/1IxyRXD - so the hurt was/will be big! BIG! underwater. talk abt manufactured balance sheet recession // &! Willem Buiter: Only "Helicopter Money" Can Save The World Now - bit.ly/1Et5Bq5 - major blast of fiscal spending by PBOC in some months when the hurt cant be ignored any more. Will wait too long, will drag everyone else down. & bit.ly/1NYB5nQ &! youtu.be/3wvQDxJPhQ4 - Jim Rogers.
liquidity  trap  credit  bubble  2015  China  private  debt  household  debt  PBOC  equity  bubble  property  bubble  hunt  for  yield  speculative  bubbles  asset  allocation  asset  bubble  bond  bubble  distortion  margin  trading  NPL  zombie  banks  banking  crisis  shadow  banking  leverage  underwater  contagion  USA  UK  Europe  developed  world  IMF  OECD  QE  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  fiscal  stimulus  fiscal  policy  monetary  policy  Jim  Rogers 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
(2012/13) After the Financial Crisis: How to Tell the Forest from the Trees - YouTube
"Profits are privatized while losses are socialized. How we got here, and how we can get out of this situation." // min20 - UK debt2GDP 2008, +100% Debt on Banks Balance Sheet, ~100% Household Debt, +100% Nonfinancial institutional/corporate Debt, <50% Gov Debt ( bit.ly/1u6QiLP ) risen to <80% Gov Debt2GDP bc of Bank Bailout. ( gross national debt has been rising, unable to pay down because of lack of growth, turning Japan - bit.ly/1f7UNyp ) // It is still a banking crisis. Especially in Europe. Not a sovereign debt crisis. Greece situation made much worse because of austerity. // min 32 - talks about China! China's Assets and Liabilities. 70% of global consumption is US/EU. [but shifting!] From CDO example, China correlates with US/EU vice versa! Chinese property bubble & equity bubble, came 2 an end this Summer 2015! The crisis began w banks & will end w banks! The crisis is still with us. The banks, stupid! // investment banking bust bc of low yields across all public asset classes
Mark  Blyth  austerity  GFC  recovery  2015  economic  history  bank  bailout  sovereign  debt  crisis  Greece  PIIGSFB  zombie  banks  liquidity  trap  ECB  UK  BOE  Fed  USA  China  faultlines  structural  imbalance  Impediments  global  imbalances  savings  rate  savings  glut  shadow  banking  investment  banking  banking  crisis  European  Union  hunt  for  yield  reflate  reflation  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  bond  bubble  speculative  bubbles  asset  bubble  asset  allocation  toxicassets  badbank  policy  error  too  big  to  bail  too  big  to  jail  toobigtofail  TBTF  Richard  Koo  trust  distrust  trustagent  Insolvenzverschleppung  insolvency  insolvent  underinvestment  productive  investment  business  confidence  consumer  confidence  deflationary  deflation  secular  stagnation  globalization  globalisation  hot-money  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  business  investment  New  Normal  margin  trading  demographic  bubble  property  bubble  equity  bubble  ageing  population  western  world  emerging  middle  class  Frontier  Markets  Developing  BRIC  emerging  market  IMF  OECD  credit  bubble  inequality  Gini  coefficient  Thomas  Piketty  poverty  social  mobility 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
The Draghi Put - YouTube
Draghi Put &! bit.ly/1fQ2lcq // &! bloom.bg/1Euf6peh // &! Mark Blyth Mackenzie Lecture 2015 – Austerity and the Politics of Money - youtu.be/B6vV8_uQmxs --- u cant make them lend (banks) 2 businesses (productive investment, closing productivity & output gap) particularly in a deflationary world with secular stagnation tendencies/signs, with non-existent inflation expectations! liquidity trap! dont get into higher growth path/gear! and infrastructure bonds (= Eurobond) on EU level wont help very much. !New Normal is lower yield avg across assets (public) & economic growth average p/a of abt 1.2-1.4% Add demographic bubble/ageing population = less consumerism, less disposable income/discretionary spending on aggregate, Piketty (book) removed technology as growth multiplier in some chapters & then you really come to <2% p/a long-run growth predictions for EU/western world. <2% growth p/a at >90% debt2gdp u have a problem! == Rechtsruck &or Anti-Austerity. Political tail-risk!
Draghi  Put  ECB  ELA  TLTRO  LTRO  QE  ZIRP  NIRP  liquidity  trap  distortion  bond  bubble  asset  bubble  equity  bubble  reflate  reflation  financial  repression  asset  allocation  speculative  bubbles  deflationary  deflation  inflation  expectation  inflation  targeting  MarioDraghi  monetary  transmission  mechanism  M3  monetary  policy  monetary  stimulus  monetary  theory  hot-money  hunt  for  yield  debt  monetisation  debt  monetization  trust  devaluation  currency  debasement  currency-war  fiat  currency  trustagent  distrust  Richard  Koo  fiscal  stimulus  austerity  fiscal  policy  balance  sheet  recession  deleveraging  debt  servitude  Super  Cycle  Mark  Blyth  inequality  New  Normal  economic  history  underinvestment  productive  investment  infrastructure  investment  output  gap  productivity  UK  Europe  Germany  PIIGSFB  zombie  banks  Thomas  Piketty  demographic  bubble  ageing  population  economic  growth  Rechtsruck  SNP  European  Election  2014  UKIP  AfD  NPD  Conservative  Party  Tories  Establishment  Privileged  babyboomers  Lügenpresse  manufactured  consent  PR  spin  doctor  propaganda  populism  Labour  Party  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  social  contract  Generationengerechtigkeit  fairness  poverty  Gini  poverty  policy  coef 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
China economy: Weakened foundations by FT Big Read
Facing an economic slowdown with its old tools to stimulate growth losing their power, Beijing finally turned to a weapon it had avoided using for more than two decades. Jamil Anderlini investigates why China’s leaders resorted to devaluation of the renminbi, and the risk of a currency war // hot money also flowed outside into London and NY property market! in search for yield and diversified portfolio by the newly minted paper rich Chinese 1% - 10%. // Slow down hammered already commodity market and energy prices. And now fear of a real hurtful economic slowdown of China - western world panicked. Selling off world wide. and taking money out of neighbouring countries of China and other emerging and developing countries. // PBOC is willing to risk currency war, ie with Japan!?
China  QE  reflate  reflation  GFC  recovery  economic  history  2015  correction  distortion  asset  bubble  equity  bubble  property  bubble  speculative  bubbles  speculative  speculation  hunt  for  yield  asset  allocation  fiscal  stimulus  monetary  policy  fiscal  policy  bubble  bubbles  hot-money  infrastructure  investment  public  investment  devaluation  Yuan  RMB  PBOC  global  trade  global  economy  deflationary  deflation  western  world  globalization  globalisation  global  imbalances  secular  stagnation  developed  world  currency-war  currency  debasement  currency  war  ZIRP  NIRP  Japan  Abenomics  Yen 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
Global economy woes spark share falls - BBC News
Fed released minutes from its meeting on 28-29 July, showing that one policymaker was ready to vote for an interest rate rise at the meeting. Overall, the Fed thought conditions for a US rate rise "were approaching", but the economy was not ready yet. Other policymakers remained concerned that inflation would remain weak because of the strong dollar and falling commodity prices, which act as a double depressant on imports. The Fed's key interest rate has been kept near zero since December 2008. There has been speculation that the Fed will raise rates at its meeting in September, and last month Fed chair Janet Yellen said she thought a rate rise this year was likely. Following the release of the Fed's minutes, US stocks rallied briefly but then fell back, while the dollar weakened on the currency markets. The Dow Jones index ended Wednesday trading down 0.9%. [...] The committee also cited China as a potential problem, [...] [econ growth has 2 be sufficiently strong, incl labour mrkt]
China  Yuan  RMB  inflation  expectation  inflation  targeting  disinflation  inflation  wage  inflation  dis-inflation  deflationary  deflation  Fed  PBOC  currency  debasement  devaluation  currency  war  currency-war  Dollar  Japan  Yen  BOJ  Abenomics  economic  history  Taper  2015  recovery  labour  market  participation  rate  unemployment  structural  unemployment  long-term  unemployment  productivity  output  gap  distortion  ZIRP  NIRP  QE  secular  stagnation  UK  USA  Europe  BIS  Oil  price  OPEC  energy  price  New  Normal  FOMC  commodity  prices  global  trade  global  economy  headwinds 
august 2015 by asterisk2a
James Rickards - The Death of Money - 04-30-15 - YouTube
distribution of risk (bell curve, wrong) & talebs black swan! / 'dismal science alone doesn't do the world and people justice.' / IMF is the central bank of the world (funded, special drawing right - SDR; out of thin air - backed by national central banks as reference (basket) but not backed by anything. printed money.) / Hungary's crisis - people borrowing in Swiss Franc ... SDR marry go round paying someone off with the help of IMF ... / IMF is transparent non-transparent. Try reading it. Need to be an expert. / AIIB able to issue bonds and got billions in capital - China/Asia Development Bank. Everybody joined because they want those contracts for their local/national companies ... except USA. Asia (China led) World Bank equivalent. - bit.ly/1Mxz1Dp &! bit.ly/1x04SZv / China wants to be in IMF & be part of basket of SDR / China may back its currency with Gold eventually once theyve got enough & leverage then its position. / US wants Yuan to be pegged to $ / m44 debt sustainability
economic  model  book  economic  history  monetary  policy  unconventional  monetary  policy  monetary  system  monetary  theory  modern  monetary  theory  academia  academics  science  sociology  psychology  discounted  risk  risk  discount  complexity  distributed  behavioral  economics  behavioral  finance  dogma  ideology  centralbanks  Fed  technocrat  IMF  World  Bank  Troika  bailout  too  big  to  jail  toobigtofail  TBTF  austerity  debt  monetisation  debt  monetization  currency  war  currency-war  currency  debasement  SDR  Special  Drawing  Right  AIIB  inflation  EuropeanSystemicRiskBoard  systemicrisk  counterpartyrisk  leverage  zombie  banks  Wall  Street  financial  repression  financial  literacy 
july 2015 by asterisk2a
Are Covert Operations Underway In The Global Currency Wars? | Zero Hedge
Looking around various FX rates, there is some evidence that covert intervention has been taking place in Asia. Occasional, sharp overnight moves on unusually high volume have taken place in the Korean won, Taiwan dollar, Indonesian rupiah, Malaysian ringitt and Vietnamese dong. This is of course only circumstantial evidence but it would be odd were profit-maximising economic agents to behave in this way. Given that the authorities in question have the means and quite possibly the motive, and the price action is suggestive, it is entirely reasonable to surmise that some covert intervention has been taking place in the region. [...] Desperate policymakers sometimes do desperate things. And history is sometimes stranger than fiction.
currency  debasement  currency  war  BOJ  currency-war  Asia  policy  error  Japan  policy  folly 
may 2013 by asterisk2a
OtterWood Observations on Japan, May 2013 - YouTube
As the BoJ prepares to thrill us with even moar in its latest policy meeting (or not as we discussed earlier) and with Amari et al. now jawboning JPY to some extent to control the out-of-control chaos in JGBs, it is perhaps worth taking 20 minutes to comprehend just what all this extreme policy action means. The following brief presentation covers it all in a Kyle-Bass-ian facts-and-fallacies manner, Christine Hughes sums it all up perfectly, for Japan, "The Math Is Stacked Against Japan - It's Not 'If', It's When." >> "The Math Is Stacked Against Japan - It's Not 'If', It's When" >> - 5 year time horizon - + http://www.businessinsider.com/kyle-bass-warns-against-japanese-stocks-2013-4 + http://www.creditwritedowns.com/2013/04/kyle-bass-gets-it-wrong-on-japanese-bonds.html "The bond vigilante stuff is a myth."
currency  debasement  monetary  policy  bond  bubble  currency  war  bond  vigilante  GFC  reflation  unintended  consequences  New  Normal  Yen  BOJ  currency-war  Gold  Abenomics  lostdecade  debtoverhang  QE  JGB  NIRP  financial  repression  economic  history  Debt  Super  Cycle  Carry  Trade  monetisation  bubble  sovereign  crisis  hunt  for  yield  ZIRP  inflation  monetization  Japan 
may 2013 by asterisk2a
Mr Soros Trumps Mrs Watanabe | Zero Hedge
>> the world is selling their Yen holdings and or bet against the Yen. >> the last few months have seen not Mrs Watanabe (euphemistically selling her JPY to find better returns elsewhere) but the likes of Mr. Soros and Mr. Bass who see the endgame disorderly collapse of a currency (or perhaps it is the rest of the G7 central bankers unwinding JPY-based reserves to 'help' their fellow central planner out). The bulk of JPY selling pressure has come during non-Tokyo trading hours, as the Japanese, until last week at least, appear much more timid about Abenomics' chances of success. + >> http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-04-08/yen-surges-japans-deputy-pm-says-excessive-yen-gain-corrected
currency  debasement  QE  JGB  currency  war  G7  debt  monetisation  G8  Yen  ZIRP  BOJ  currency-war  G20  Abenomics  centralbanks  debt  monetization 
april 2013 by asterisk2a
Texas Wants Its Gold Back - YouTube
Texas State, introduces legislation that State Gov can't seize its Gold. Also plans to relocate its Gold from NYFed to Texas. Germany already announces (via Bundesbank) that its Gold (held @ NY Fed) will be shipped to the Bundebank. All is the same tone of Cyprus bail-in.
bail-in  currency  debasement  economic  history  Cyprus  currency-war  Gold  Bundesbank 
april 2013 by asterisk2a
Sprott: Do Western Central Banks Have Any Gold Left? Part II | Zero Hedge
We are currently in an environment where policy makers are intent on devaluing their currencies in an effort to create growth. Real rates continue to stay negative in most of the developed world. Every marginal dollar of debt that is created is producing lower and lower amounts of growth. In a world overwhelmed by mountains of debt and economic growth which is sub-par at best, precious metals and real assets can act as insurance against the stupidity of policy makers.
currency  debasement  QE  monetary  policy  2013  Fed  fiat  currency  economic  history  modern  monetary  theory  ZIRP  BOE  greatdepression  ECB  BOJ  monetary  system  currency-war  centralbanks  greatrecession 
march 2013 by asterisk2a
Dylan Grice Explains How "Crackpot" Central Bankers Are Destroying Society | Zero Hedge
Distrust is a brake on prosperity, because distrust is a brake on exchange. [...] So when central banks play the games with money of which they are so fond, we wonder if they realize that they are also playing games with social bonding. Do they realize that by devaluing money they are devaluing society? [...] Fed has monetized 50% of US Debt since 2009. http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-03-11/foodstamp-recipients-hit-record-alongside-record-dow-jones-and-record-debt-20-eligib - http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2013-03-11/presenting-currence-crises-devaluations-and-regime-changes-collapse-gold-standard
currency  debasement  monetary  policy  monetary  theory  modern  monetary  theory  unintended  consequences  academia  BOE  ECB  BOJ  currency-war  greatrecession  lostdecade  QE  Fed  society  lostgeneration  trust  economic  history  philosophy  confidence  trustagent  ZIRP  greatdepression  economics  centralbanks 
march 2013 by asterisk2a
Bank Of Japan May Buy Derivatives Next | Zero Hedge
Because having legal authority to buy corporate bonds, ETFs and REITs, in addition to everything else the Fed now buys, is apparently not enough to crush, mangle and suicide its currency, the BOJ is now considering adding yet another "asset" to its cocktail of eligible securities for purchase: those which Buffett once declared weapons of mass financial destruction - derivatives.
currency  debasement  QE  monetary  policy  2013  fiat  currency  economic  history  monetary  theory  modern  monetary  theory  derivatives  liquidity-trap  ZIRP  deflation  BOJ  currency-war  abenomics  inflation  lostdecade  Japan 
march 2013 by asterisk2a
Schweizer Franken: Die hochriskante Wette der Schweizer Notenbank - SPIEGEL ONLINE
"Tabus sind für immer gefallen", sagt der Genfer Professor Wyplosz. Die Zentralbanker, sagt er, "haben erkannt, dass das Wort 'unlimitiert' das einzige Werkzeug ist, das sie noch haben".

http://www.wallstreetjournal.de/article/SB10001424127887324081704578231262011018012.html
SNB  currency  debasement  currency-war  greatrecession  greatdepression  2013  monetary  policy  monetary  theory  monetary  system  CHF  sovereign  debt  crisis  PIIGS  economic  history 
january 2013 by asterisk2a
Stephen Roach On Why Abe's Aggression Won't Save Japan //via ZeroHedge
The politicization of central banking continues unabated.

[...] [... GFC USA Aftermath ...]

When the bubbles burst, households understandably became fixated on balance-sheet repair – namely, paying down debt and rebuilding personal savings, rather than resuming excessive spending habits.

[...]

US consumers have pulled back as never before. In the 19 quarters since the start of 2008, annualized growth of inflation-adjusted consumer spending has averaged just 0.7% – almost three percentage points below the 3.6% trend increases recorded in the 11 years ending in 2006.

[...]

Not only is QE’s ability to jumpstart crisis-torn, balance-sheet-constrained economies limited; it also runs the important risk of blurring the distinction between monetary and fiscal policy. Central banks that buy sovereign debt issued by fiscal authorities offset market-imposed discipline on borrowing costs, effectively subsidizing public-sector profligacy.
UK  stephenroach  liquidity-trap  currency-war  currency  debasement  banking  crisis  debtoverhang  France  structural  imbalance  status  quo  Politics  liberal  economic  reform  PIIGS  Europe  savings  glut  zombie  consumer  greatrecession  GFC  Richardkoo  zombie  banks  Japan  lostgeneration  lostdecade  2013  sovereign  debt  crisis  unintended  consequences  debt  monetisation  ZIRP  QE  economic  history  2012  monetary  theory  monetary  policy  Abenomics  BOE  BOJ  ECB  Fed  USA  balance  sheet  recession  consumption  consumer 
december 2012 by asterisk2a
Ausblick 2013: Die Krise kommt nach Europa zurück - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Aber die Fed liegt hier voll im Trend. Mark Carney, der jüngst ernannte nächste Gouverneur der Bank of England, denkt gar über ein nominales Ziel für das Bruttoinlandsprodukt nach. Das würde die Notenbank regelrecht zwingen, Inflation zu erzeugen, wenn das Realwachstum gering ist - so wie jetzt. Und der frisch gewählte japanische Regierungschef Shinzo Abe will ebenfalls, dass seine Notenbank Staatsanleihen kauft, um die Inflation anzukurbeln. Überall um uns herum wird die Geldpolitik in dramatisch aufgelockert, nur in der Euro-Zone nicht.

Die EZB hingegen muss auch weiter dem alleinigen Ziel der Preisstabilität huldigen. So steht es in den europäischen Verträgen. Zu deren strikter Einhaltung mahnen fast jeden Tag die Bundesbank und die meisten deutschen Leitartikler. Die Folgen dieser Diskrepanz in der Geldpolitik zwischen EZB und fast allen anderen großen Notenbanken sind in den Märkten überhaupt noch nicht durchgesickert. Ich erwarte eine kräftige spekulative Aufwertung des Euro...
benbernake  MarioDraghi  Mario  ECB  greatrecession  GFC  PIIGS  monetization  monetary  theory  currency-war  currency  debasement  sovereign  debt  crisis  Euro  2013  2012  BOE  Fed  inflation  reflation  BOJ  nominal  GDP  targeting  Mark  Carney  monetary  policy 
december 2012 by asterisk2a
Japan wählt neues Unterhaus: LDP und Abe zurück an die Macht - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Der Wunsch nach Stabilität war offenbar stärker als die Hoffnung auf politischen Neuanfang und gesellschaftlichen Wandel: In Japan haben die Parlamentswahlen am Sonntag eine Partei zurück an die Macht gebracht, die seit 1955 fast ununterbrochen regierte und wie kaum eine andere das Establishment verkörpert.

Die Liberaldemokratische Partei LDP sicherte sich eine absolute Mehrheit der 480 Sitze im mächtigen japanischen Unterhaus. Neuer Regierungschef wird wohl der rechtskonservative Parteivorsitzende Shinzo Abe, 58, der das Amt bereits von 2006 bis 2007 innehatte, dann jedoch aus gesundheitlichen Gründen zurücktrat. Abe stammt aus einer bekannten Politikerfamilie.

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2012-12-16/japanese-yen-celebrates-arrival-abenomics-20-opens-20-month-low

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2012-12-16/abenomics-back-shinzo-abe-returns-japanese-pm-following-crushing-ldp-victory

"Abe is the worst premier for JGBs since 1994"
monetization  monetarism  JGB  JPY  Keynesianism  monetary  policy  fiscal  policy  Abenomics  policy  folly  policy  error  2012  deflation  currency-war  currency  debasement  QE  BOJ  greatrecession  GFC  lostdecade  status  quo  LDP  election2012  Politics  Japan 
december 2012 by asterisk2a
EZB: Ankündigung von Draghi zum Anleihenkauf enttäuscht Anleger - SPIEGEL ONLINE
ECB loading up on sovereign debt (PIIGS + France, Belgium) poses a balance sheet risk if just one country Defaults outright and or even imposed just a haircut even for ECB [ECB demanded and pulled through this demand to take no haircut in the Grecce's partial default/PSI 2011].

Meaning then that the ECBs balance sheet is under water and thus the National Central Banks of each country within the EMU have to raise money via its respective governments on debt markets (which are likely then closed because of the severity of the situation, meaning they have to sell their reserve holding of foreign currencies and assets) and without appropriate funds ... Europe's sovereign debt crisis once defined to the south would likely turn into an outright currency crisis.

Baseline: Open Market Operations (SMP) by the ECB have massive tail risk, unintended consequences for the ECB, the monetary system, price stability, the Euro.
ZIRP  QE  SMP  bank  crisis  banking  crisis  greatrecession  GFC  currency-war  currency  debasement  default  Greece  policy  folly  policy  error  2012  Europe  blackswan  confidence  trustagent  trust  tail  risk  Euro  creditcrunch  Monetary  System  theory  policy  sovereign  debt  crisis  PIIGS  Jens  Weidmann  MarioDraghi  Bundesbank  ECB 
august 2012 by asterisk2a
Jeremy Grantham: "I, For One, Wish That The World Would Get On With Whatever Is Coming Next" | ZeroHedge
“Decline will be and is subliminal.”
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-18436829

Modern economic history in the making!

---

“Groundhog Day”

The economic environment seems to be stuck in a rather unpleasant perpetual loop. Greece is always about to default; the latest bailout is always about to save the day and yet never seems to; China is always about to collapse but instead teases us by inching down; and I swear the Financial Times is beginning to recycle its reports! In the U.S., the fiscal cliff looms along with debt limits and the usual election uncertainties. The dysfunctional U.S. Congress continues for the time being in its intractable ways. The stock market rises and falls and rises and falls again. It is getting difficult to find anything new to say at client meetings. I, for one, wish that the world would get on with whatever is coming next.
debtoverhang  deleveraging  lostgeneration  lostdecade  Japan  global-economy  global  imbalances  society  currency-war  currency  debasement  centralbanks  Europe  USA  UK  policy  folly  policy  error  politics  reflation  sovereign  debt  crisis  greatrecession  GFC  decline 
august 2012 by asterisk2a
PIMCO | Investment Outlook - Cult Figures
​- The long-term history of inflation adjusted returns from stocks shows a persistent but recently fading 6.6% real return since 1912.
- The legitimate question that market analysts, government forecasters and pension consultants should answer is how that return can be duplicated in the future.
- Unfair though it may be, an investor should continue to expect an attempted inflationary solution in almost all developed economies over the next few years and even decades.

[[For FX traders, a burgeoning era of inflation will ensure that high levels of volatility continue. Central bankers will repeatedly be tested and money will skip around the globe.]]

= Countries that take the brunt right now are Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, Brazil, Switzerland etc. countries where there is wealth and trust in institutions and or got natural resources (commodities, growing consumer), or is a creditor nation.
accounting  global-economy  global  imbalances  developed  world  frontiermarkets  emergingmarkets  BRIC  Switzerland  hot-money  currency-war  currency  debasement  unintended  consequences  EMU  UK  BOE  ECB  Fed  centralbanks  monetary  theory  monetary  policy  economic-thought  deleveraging  debt  bubble  debtoverhang  confidence  trustagent  trust  politics  pension  pension  scheme  pension  obligation  pension  fund  financial  repression  economic  history  Europe  USA  lostdecade  greatrecession  GFC  PIMCO  new-normal  inflation  reflation 
august 2012 by asterisk2a
Australia AiG July manufacturing index 40.3 vs. 47.2 prior | ForexLive
Falls 6.9 points , lowest level in three years .”Falls in manufacturing production and employment were the major factors behind the sharp drop in the PMI” , AiG CEO said in a statement. ” The industry is experiencing substantial pressures driven by the strong Aussie dollar, cost increases, slow growth in domestic demand and competition from lower cost sources of production. “ “As suggested by another drop in new orders and with the full impact of the carbon tax (started July !st.) still to be felt, further falls in overall activity are likely in the months ahead.
BBG

---

Australia's domestic economy is drifting technically into recession from stall speed. Still the AUD hold up, and interest rates are high.

Hunt for returns/yield.
AUD is costly bc of hot money flowing into various assets.
Similar picture in New Zealand and Canada. All three countries have a property bubble which is about to pop. Q is when and why. Will see.
Canada  property  bubble  bubble  bubbles  policy  folly  policy  error  global-economy  global  imbalances  unintended  consequences  NIRP  QE  ZIRP  currency-war  currency  debasement  hot-money  newzealand  australia 
july 2012 by asterisk2a
More chatter about the EUR/CHF peg | ForexLive
The FT reports that Switzerland is ‘new China’ in currencies
http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/d3176586-db29-11e1-be74-00144feab49a.html

Chatter that the SNB was buying 3 billion francs worth of euros per day.

“The picture is one of a central bank that’s not coping with how much money is coming in,” said Kit Juckes, foreign currency analyst at Société Générale.

Analysts also note that other central banks, like Sweden, may have to start setting rates with the SNB in mind.

No country wants a strong currency right now. I wonder if other FX reserve managers may soon take reciprocal action, buying an equal amount of CHF to counter-balance growing Swiss reserves.
currency-war  currency  debasement  SNB 
july 2012 by asterisk2a
Charting Europe's Broken Transmission Channels | ZeroHedge
Barclays provides a succinct flowchart of just where those transmission channels are broken. However, with SMP empirically a losing proposition for sovereign spreads, LTROs having had no impact on loans to non-financial corporates, and rate cuts not reaching the peripheral economies (and in fact signaling further divergence); it seems that short of full-scale LSAP (which JPM thinks will need to be a minimum EUR600bn to be in any way effective), whatever Draghi says will be a disappointment and perhaps that explains the weakness in European sovereigns this week as exuberance fades (or is the game to implicitly weaken the EUR to regain competitiveness).

The transmission policy channels of central bank largesse are failing... as giving free money to banks is not reaching the economy... (LTRO) ... and cutting rates didn't reach the areas it needed... (base rate cuts do not translate in rate cuts on the other side [real economy].

A weaker Euro? Be careful what you wish for.
creditcrunch  monetary  theory  unintended  consequences  currency-war  currency  debasement  policy  folly  policy  error  Politics  confidence  trustagent  trust  banking  crisis  bank  crisis  QE  debtoverhang  deleveraging  GFC  greatrecession  2012  sovereign  debt  crisis  MarioDraghi  SMP  LTRO  moneysupply  velocity  of  money  transmission  monetary  policy  System  ECB  PIIGS  Euro  competitiveness 
july 2012 by asterisk2a
Is The Swiss National Bank Faking It? | ZeroHedge
if one needs to know the true state of events in Europe, the only real remaining, unmanipulated benchmark remain Swiss nominal bond yields. And at -23.5 bps for the 2 Year it is telling us that nothing is fixed. As usual.

***

The SNB sterilised one half of its FX intervention in May.

"This is highly significant and undermines the credibility of the SNB’s claim that it is willing to do whatever it takes to hold EUR/CHF 1.20. For the floor to be credible the SNB needs to surrender control over the Swiss monetary based, i.e. it has to be willing to deliver both unlimited and unsterilised FX intervention. The intervention in May was certainly unlimited; it most definitely was not unsterilised."

SNB's FX policy is "at odds with the needs of an economy which is growing at 2% p.a, which has no output gap and in which the housing market is overheating and credit growth is becoming problematic."
monetary  theory  monetary  policy  System  inflation  property  bubble  credit  bubble  bubble  BIS  centralbanks  currency-war  capital-flight  capital-controls  foreignexchange  CHF  Switzerland  SNB  2012  sovereign  debt  crisis  EMU  Europe 
july 2012 by asterisk2a
Notes for currency wars: The trilemma of international finance | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
The fundamental trilemma of international finance maintains that a country cannot simultaneously peg an exchange rate, maintain an independent monetary policy, and permit free cross-border financial flows (Feenstra and Taylor 2008). At best, only two of the three are feasible.
macroeconomics  economics  international  finance  monetary  theory  monetary  policy  PBoC  CHF  currency-war  currency  debasement  SNB  Switzerland  foreignexchange 
june 2012 by asterisk2a
Gross Says Low Quality of Debt Threatens Monetary System - Bloomberg
Bill Gross said the lower quality of sovereign debt represents a threat to the global monetary system.
Investors should favor debt of nations such as the U.S., Mexico and Brazil, and emphasize intermediate maturities over the next few years, Gross said in his monthly investment outlook posted on the Newport Beach, California-based company’s website today. Equity investors should seek companies that produce stable cash flow and that are exposed to high growth markets.

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/bill-gross-global-monetary-system-reaching-its-breaking-point

“The global monetary system which has evolved and morphed over the past century but always in the direction of easier, cheaper and more abundant credit, may have reached a point at which it can no longer operate efficiently and equitably to promote growth,”

The U.S. remains the ‘liquidity haven and a quality haven for the rest of the world, This is one giant deleveraging moment that will likely continue for a number of years.”
WallStreet  fiscal  policy  inflation  reflation  debtoverhang  Monetary  System  currency-war  currency  debasement  MarioDraghi  UK  BOE  MervynKing  trichet  benbernake  alangreenspan  bubble  banking  deleveraging  policy  folly  policy  error  policy  LTRO  USA  Europe  greatrecession  GFC  PIMCO  sovereign  debt  crisis  unintended  consequences  QE  ZIRP 
june 2012 by asterisk2a
Guest Post: About Those High Gasoline Prices… Look Again | ZeroHedge
GOLD - It’s an anti-currency… appropriate for those who want to sit out of the market and be in cash without having to be in cash.
commodities  Oil  2012  monetary  policy  inflation  reflation  unintended  consequences  centralbanks  LTRO  QE  ZIRP  currency-war  currency  debasement  Gold 
march 2012 by asterisk2a
Eric Sprott On Unintended Consequences | ZeroHedge
All of this pervasive intervention most likely explains more than 90 percent of the market's positive performance this past January. Had the G6 NOT convened on swaps, had the ECB NOT launched the LTRO programs, and had Bernanke NOT expressed a continuation of zero interest rates, one wonders where the equity indices would trade today. One also wonders if the European banking system would have made it through December. Thank goodness for "coordinated action". It does work in the short-term.

... bank bailout in the shadows of unconventional monetary policy (nonstandard measures) - QE, ZIRP, LTRO,

The second unintended consequence is the impact that interventions have had on the non-G6 countries' perception of western solvency.
ZIRP  centralbanks  China  Russia  currency  debasement  currency-war  Gold  solvency  monetary  policy  sovereign  debt  crisis  reflation  2012  2011  LTRO  BOJ  BOE  QE  ECB  Fed  unintended  consequences 
february 2012 by asterisk2a
The Global Future of Europe’s Crisis - Kemal Derviş - Project Syndicate
Indeed, the European crisis may be providing a mere foretaste of what will likely be the central political debate of the first half of the twenty-first century: how to resolve the tension between global markets and national politics.

trade war = tariffs and subsidies
trade  war  trade  balance  tradedeficit  currency-war  foreignaffairs  political  economy  politics  globalization  global-economy 
february 2012 by asterisk2a
Quantitative easing: Just more of the same? | The Economist
THREE years ago the Bank of England, which had already cut interest rates to record lows, wheeled out a new, unconventional tool to stimulate the economy. It would buy government debt using newly-created cash—a policy that became known as “quantitative easing” or QE. The Bank is now a market mammoth, owning over 30% of the £940 billion ($1.5 trillion) pool of outstanding government bonds. It is set to get bigger: on February 9th the Bank's monetary-policy committee authorised £50 billion of new purchases over the next three months. But is this strategy working?
...

The Bank estimates its first injection of QE boosted Britain’s GDP by up to two percentage points and inflation by up to 1.5 points. Inflation is projected to fall well below the Bank’s 2% target in 2013, justifying further easing, according to Jens Larsen at RBC Capital Markets.

Yet QE has not made life much easier for British businesses.
liquidity  mittelstand  SMB  SME  quantitative-easing  sovereign  debt  crisis  creditcrunch  currency-war  debtoverhang  leverage  reflation  2012  monetary  policy  QE  BOE 
february 2012 by asterisk2a
A Very Different Take On The "Iran Barters Gold For Food" Story | ZeroHedge
Finally, the big question: How can one profit from this evolving situation? Playing with currencies is always very risky and, with the global game set to shift to significantly, it would require a lot of analysis and a fair bit of luck. The much more reliable way to play the game is through gold. Gold is the only currency backed by a physical commodity; and it is always where investors hide from a currency storm. The basic conclusion is that a slow demise of the petrodollar system is bullish for gold and very bearish for the US dollar.
foreignexchange  foreignaffairs  2012  barter  economy  Asia  India  Gold  Dollar  USA  Iran  China  currencies  currency-war 
february 2012 by asterisk2a
Unprecedented Global Monetary Policy As World Trade Volume Craters | ZeroHedge
Academic answers are now more favorable to coordination. ... The issue is often framed in the realm of game theory, where countries are pictured as players which weight the size of trade externalities, their perceived views of the world, their previous record of honoring agreements, and the advantages or disadvantages of committing to future actions. Generally speaking, factors like interdependence, coincidence in business cycles, the commonality of shocks, and heightened uncertainty, make it optimal for central banks to move farther away from inward-looking policies, especially during periods of global turmoil.
economics  2012  currency-war  UK  Europe  USA  PIIGS  sovereign  debt  crisis  sovereign  centralbanks  game  theory  monetary  policy 
february 2012 by asterisk2a
Brazilian Government intervenes to protect Real from overvaluation | Forex Magnates
Brazilian government has added two measures to try to protect the Real from overvaluation.They have amended a 1980 law that grants authority to the Monetary Council (CMN) to impose and control financial transaction taxes, or IOF taxes, on dollar derivatives contracts – dollar forwards and futures contracts. The dollar futures market is the biggest futures market in Brazil. Under the new rule, CMN can charge as much as 25% in the IOF tax — the limit specified under existing national laws.In addition, they have made amendments to constitutional laws which allow the government to charge a 1% tax on all Forex derivatives transactions that are increasing their short dollar position greater than $10 million.
brazil  hot-money  QE  ZIRP  2011  capital-controls  two-speed  developing-world  centralbanks  currency-war 
august 2011 by asterisk2a

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