asterisk2a + childcare   31

Universal credit childcare is hurting the poorest, MPs warn | Society | The Guardian
Requirement for parents to pay costs upfront, and then claim them back, is a burden on the poor, says report [...] The work and pensions select committee argues that the way some of the poorest in society are having to pay childcare costs upfront – then face weeks before they are reimbursed – is a significant disincentive to moving into work. &! https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-46649160 - The Universal Credit system leaves too many UK claimants with children facing a stark choice between turning down jobs or getting into debt, MPs warn.
*&! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAkxCAO9xp4 - Universal Credit: Is the system working? - BBC Newsnight
DWP  Universal  Credit  UK  Austerity  childcare 
december 2018 by asterisk2a
Childcare: Do UK parents pay the most in the world? - BBC News
UK couple both earners two children pay 50% of their net income for childcare
UK  childcare  OECD  Kindergarten 
february 2018 by asterisk2a
Parents 'shelling out for free nursery scheme' - BBC News
Parents are subsidising a new flagship "free" nursery scheme for three- and four-year-olds in England from their own pockets, a survey suggests.

Nurseries are making up losses by upping fees for younger children and charging for meals and nappies, a survey of 1,662 providers suggests.

The survey, by the Pre-School Learning Alliance, suggests only a third are delivering the hours totally free.

The government says it is investing £6bn in childcare by 2020.
UK  childcare  Austerity  gender-based  discrimination  Brexit  Tories  nasty  party  Conservative  Privatisation  Council 
january 2018 by asterisk2a
Sarah Champion: Brexit is a crucial moment in our nation’s history – so let’s use it to be ambitious on equalities | LabourList
Given that equality is so central to EU law, and given the emphasis that has been placed by the prime minister on equality since her speech outside No 10 when she first entered Downing Street, it came as a surprise to me that the word “equality” does not appear once in the government’s white paper.

There is a brief mention of women’s rights in relation to maternity leave, but no mention of race, disability or sexuality and gender identity.

This cannot be credibly perceived as a deal that works for everyone in Britain if women, BAME, disabled people and LGBT communities aren’t even referenced in the white paper.
Brexit  Labour  BAME  inequality  equality  discrimination  LGBT  Sexismus  Sexism  gender-based  equal  pay  childcare  tax  credit  child  minority  UK  class  ware  Racism  Xenophobia  Homophobia  homophobic  transphobia  Transphobic  hate  speech  crime  misogyny  Misogynie  workers  union  trade  deal  Act  2010 
february 2017 by asterisk2a
Why the Tories’ so-called free childcare will punish children and families | Neil Leitch | Opinion | The Guardian
the closer we get to the September 2017 rollout of the extended offer, the clearer it becomes that this policy has been rushed through, is ill thought out, and crucially, is massively underfunded.
childcare  UK  gender  pay  gap  gender-based  discrimination  inequality  Austerity  social  mobility  income  Tories  Conservative  Party  Nasty  Philip  Hammond  George  Osborne  Theresa  May  David  Cameron  JAM 
december 2016 by asterisk2a
BBC iPlayer - Newsnight - 08/07/2015
"Comprehensive analysis of the Budget with Evan Davis and guests." // During the election David Cameron said child tax credit/benefit was off the list of welfare spending cuts. - broken election campaign promise // --- SHOULD BE (Labour Party Policy for next election):: make work pay and eliminate child poverty AND help people (everyone) w education and support to find better and more gainful work that lift them and the economy by producing added value products. // no path to higher wages, no path to higher productivity, no path to added value British Products export increase (manufacturing, research, STEM, ...) // low wage jobs have no to very little economic multiplier ... take into account tax credits etc and it is net-negative for state and the council //
election  campaign  promises  David  Cameron  budget2015  living  wage  minimum  wage  George  Osborne  Tories  Conservative  Party  working  poor  precarious  work  Precariat  underemployed  part-time  social  mobility  income  mobility  downward  mobility  poverty  trap  added  value  Manufacturing  Public  Policy  industrial  solidarity  society  class  warfare  austerity  dogma  ideology  trickle-down  economics  economic  model  corporate  tax  rate  STEM  education  vocational  education  practical  skill  set  practical  skills  skills  gap  democracy  Future  of  productivity  output  gap  economic  growth  Niedriglohn  Niedriglohnsektor  Service  Sector  Jobs  competitiveness  competitive  borderless  flat  world  working  tax  credit  tax  credit  child  tax  credit  neoliberal  neoliberalism  liberal  economic  reform  welfare  state  Public  Services  Services  childcare  employability  self-employment  long-term  unemployment  child  poverty  food  poverty  poverty  Student  Maintenance  Grant  exports  current  account  deficit  export  Higher  gender  inequality  single  mum  teenage  pregnancy  economic  multiplier  labour  economics  labour  market  job  creation  recovery  GFC  bailout  fairness  short-term  thinking  short-term  view  Career  Politicians  No  Representation  Gini  coefficient  inequality  social  cohesion  social  tension  Gesell 
july 2015 by asterisk2a
OECD: Jugendarbeitslosigkeit und viele Zeitverträge - SPIEGEL ONLINE
35 Millionen junge Menschen sind in den OECD-Staaten ohne Job oder Ausbildung. Gut steht laut einer neuen Studie allerdings Deutschland da - aber in einem Punkt haben es die Jungen hierzulande auf dem Arbeitsmarkt besonders schwer. - http://www.oecd.org/edu/oecd-skills-outlook-2015-9789264234178-en.htm // Berufsanfänger in Deutschland erhalten so häufig wie in kaum einem anderen OECD-Land nur einen befristeten Vertrag. [...] Wer einen Zeitvertrag hat, hat auch geringere Chancen, an einer Weiterbildung teilzunehmen. Im schlimmsten Fall können durch die Befristungen daher Kompetenzen verkümmern, warnt die Organisation. [...] Besserung verspricht eine frühe Förderung und der Ausbau von Kitas: Verschiedene Studien der OECD zeigen, dass Kinder, die im Vorschulalter eine Betreuungs- oder Bildungseinrichtung besucht haben, später besser lesen und rechnen. Kinder aus benachteiligten Familien profitieren besonders stark von der frühen Förderung.
education  policy  OECD  IMF  lost  decade  lost  generation  austerity  Europe  vocational  education  underinvestment  productive  investment  Career  Politicians  GFC  recovery  income  inequality  income  growth  Gini  coefficient  neoliberal  neoliberalism  inequality  policy  error  policy  folly  short-term  thinking  short-term  view  Future  of  Work  Industrial  Revolution  2.0  globalisation  globalization  borderless  flat  world  practical  skills  practical  skill  set  Software  Is  Eating  The  competitiveness  competitive  competition  precarious  Precariat  working  poor  uncertainty  Zeitarbeit  Werkvertrag  Leiharbeit  human  capital  social  mobility  income  mobility  poverty  Services  Public  Services  childcare 
may 2015 by asterisk2a
The Best and Worst Places to Grow Up: How Your Area Compares - NYTimes.com
[ nurture over nature ] via https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=9485850 // &! http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/04/upshot/an-atlas-of-upward-mobility-shows-paths-out-of-poverty.html via https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=9485850 "Based on the earnings records of millions of families that moved with children, it finds that poor children who grow up in some cities and towns have sharply better odds of escaping poverty than similar poor children elsewhere. The feelings heard across Baltimore’s recent protests — of being trapped in poverty — seem to be backed up by the new data. Among the nation’s 100 largest counties, the one where children face the worst odds of escaping poverty is the city of Baltimore, the study found. [...] How neighborhoods affect children “has been a quandary with which social science has been grappling for decades,” [...] “This delivers the most compelling evidence yet that neighborhoods matter in a really big way.” &! Obama on Letterman - bit.ly/1zxFZWn
social  mobility  downward  mobility  income  mobility  childhood  development  childhood  Gini  coefficient  education  policy  Services  Public  Services  welfare  state  social  safety  net  inequality  Career  Politicians  sociology  child  poverty  poverty  food  poverty  squeezed  middle  class  social  study  social  cohesion  social  society  human  capital  post-racial  America  social  discrimination  racial  discrimination  ethnic  discrimination  No  Representation  short-term  thinking  short-term  view  generational  change  lost  generation  lost  decade  income  inequality  Makers  childcare  parenthood  parents  parenting  economics  trickle-down  economics  microeconomics  microeconomic  policy  Baltimore  Ferguson 
may 2015 by asterisk2a
BBC News - CBI conference: Increase free childcare, business leaders urge
"To ease the pressure on families and people on low incomes, we want immediate action, including cutting employee National Insurance and making childcare more affordable." The average couple with two children saw their income fall by £2,132 a year in real terms between 2009-10 and 2012-13, the CBI says. The business group is calling for the threshold at which people begin paying National Insurance to rise to £10,500 by 2020-21, a move it says would be worth an extra £363 a year in take-home pay to dual-income households. << ! AGENDA/Lobby Interest: Businesses also don't have to contribute to NI payments if employee doesn't have to pay.
tax  code  tax  credit  tax  free  income  working  poor  squeezed  middle  class  cost  of  living  living  standard  living  wage  minimum  wage  childcare  disposable  income  income  growth  income  distribution  taxation  austerity 
november 2014 by asterisk2a
Denmark Is Considered The Happiest Country. You'll Never Guess Why.
"There is now a rising worldwide demand that policy be more closely aligned with what really matters to people as they themselves characterize their well-being," economist Jeffrey Sachs said in a statement at the time of the report's release.
public  policy  economic  history  stress  public  health  policy  social  science  happiness  gender  inequality  childcare  crony  capitalism  capitalism  work  life  balance  equality  well-being  Oxidative  stress  jeffreysachs  Denmark  quality  of  life  social  society  gender  equality  civil  society  uncertainty  inequality  healthcare  public  health 
october 2013 by asterisk2a
A Year of Breast-Feeding - NYTimes.com
The longer a mother breast-feeds, the greater the benefit to the child’s brain development, a new study says.
breast  feeding  breast-feeding  childcare  childhood  childhood  development 
august 2013 by asterisk2a
Advice Shifts on Feeding Baby - NYTimes.com
The strongest recommendation for preventing allergic disease was breast-feeding. Common sense. > http://nutritionfacts.org/video/the-best-baby-formula/ - full six month. longer the better.
breast-feeding  food  allergy  infant  formula  parenthood  food  intolerance  epidemiology  obesity  epidemic  medical  research  breast  milk  childcare  childhood  food  industry  childhood  development 
april 2013 by asterisk2a
Forscher: Trinken in der Schwangerschaft ist Kindesmissbrauch - SPIEGEL ONLINE
Trinkt eine Schwangere, leidet das Gehirn ihres Kindes - ein Leben lang. Die Betroffenen entwickeln Konzentrationsschwierigkeiten, sie sind hyperaktiv, ecken an. Werdende Mütter sollten besser aufgeklärt werden, fordern Forscher.

[...]

Laut dem Mediziner sieht man nur einem geringen Teil der Kinder die Alkoholschädigung am typischen Aussehen mit zum Beispiel kleinen Augen, schmaler Oberlippe und insgesamt kleinem Kopf an. "Sie sind nur die Spitze des Eisbergs", meinte er. Sind die Störungen versteckt, würden die Kinder in der Schule oft gehänselt, sie seien unruhig und hyperaktiv. Oft würden sie aus ihren Familien herausgenommen und in Pflegefamilien gegeben, die mit den Kindern ebenfalls schwer zurechtkämen.
parenting  childhood  development  childhood  childcare  pregnancy  alcoholism  alcohol 
november 2012 by asterisk2a
Love of a father contributes more to a child's development than that of its mother, study claims | Mail Online
A father's love contributes as much - and sometimes more - to a child’s development as does a mother’s love.
The finding was part of large-scale analysis of research about the power of parental rejection and acceptance in shaping our personalities as children and into adulthood.
'In our half-century of international research, we’ve not found any other class of experience that has as strong and consistent effect on personality and personality development as does the experience of rejection, especially by parents in childhood,'
[...] tend to respond in exactly the same way when they perceived themselves to be rejected by their caregivers and other attachment figures.'
results from more than 500 studies suggest that, the influence of one parent’s rejection, often a father's, can be much greater than the other’s.
at least one explanation for this difference: that children and young adults are likely to pay more attention to whichever parent they perceive to have higher interpersonal power.
sociology  psychology  adulthood  childhood  childcare  parenting 
june 2012 by asterisk2a
The Benefits of Weight Training for Kids - NYTimes.com
And that fact, from both a physiological and philosophical standpoint, is perhaps why strength training for children is so important, a growing chorus of experts says. “We are urban dwellers stuck in hunter-gatherer bodies,” said Lyle Micheli, M.D., “That’s true for children as well as adults. There was a time when children ‘weight trained’ by carrying milk pails and helping around the farm. Now few children, even young athletes, get sufficient activity” to fully strengthen their muscles, tendons and other tissues. “If a kid sits in class or in front of a screen for hours and then you throw them out onto the soccer field or basketball court, they don’t have the tissue strength to withstand the forces involved in their sports. That can contribute to injury.”

visit strongkid.com
evolution  biology  sports  exercise  fitness  children  childcare  health  parenting 
may 2012 by asterisk2a
Puberty Before Age 10 - A New ‘Normal’? - NYTimes.com
the ties between obesity and puberty start at a very young age. As Emily Walvoord of the Indiana University School of Medicine points out in her paper “The Timing of Puberty: Is It Changing? Does It Matter?” body-mass index and pubertal timing are associated at age 5, age 3, even age 9 months. This fact has shifted pediatric endocrinologists away from what used to be known as the critical-weight theory of puberty — the idea that once a girl’s body reaches a certain mass, puberty inevitably starts — to a critical-fat theory of puberty. Researchers now believe that fat tissue, not poundage, sets off a feedback loop that can cause a body to mature.

In addition, animal studies show that the exposure to some environmental chemicals can cause bodies to mature early. Of particular concern are endocrine-disrupters, like “xeno-estrogens” or estrogen mimics.

Family stress can disrupt puberty timing as well. [Evolution?]
evolution  health  childcare  childhood  parenting  bisphenolA  BPA  obesity  epidemic  obesity  hormones  puberty 
april 2012 by asterisk2a
US-Familienpolitik: Ein Prsident ohne Kinder? Undenkbar! - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten - Politik
"Amerikaner sind oft unerschrockener"
Kurz: In den USA bedeuten Kinder häufig große finanzielle Opfer, stärker noch als in Deutschland. Warum werden dort trotzdem mehr Kinder geboren?
Carsten Große Starmann, Demografie-Experte bei der Bertelsmann-Stiftung in Gütersloh, sieht den Grund vor allem in kulturellen Unterschieden. "Die Wertigkeit von Kindern und Familie, aber auch die Bewertung von Sicherheit und Risiko sind in den USA ganz anders als in Deutschland."
In Deutschland, sagt er, gebe es ein starkes Sicherheitsdenken und die Tendenz, persönliche Entscheidungen sehr behutsam abzuwägen. Eine "Kultur des Zweifels", wie der Lüneburger Soziologe Günter Burkart schreibt. Tatsächlich sorgen sich die meisten Amerikaner nicht allzu sehr um die potentiellen Hürden und Herausforderungen des Elternseins. "Ich glaube nicht, dass die meisten Frauen eine Rechnung aufmachen, ob und wann sie sich ein Kind leisten können", ...
demographics  germany  USA  family  policy  children  childcare 
august 2011 by asterisk2a
Child custody: Couple ordered to pay surrogate mother monthly for baby they won't meet | Mail Online
The couple didn't have a written contract, but it wouldn't have mattered anyway since surrogacy agreements aren't legally binding in the U.K. Considering the circumstances, it seems cruel for the mother to demand payments from Mr. W after breaking her promise to give the couple a child. Yet legally, all that matters is that he's the girl's father. Whether the surrogate changed her mind, or really did intend to keep the child all along, the case highlights the risks of turning pregnancy into a business when there are no laws in place to hold both parties to their agreement.
Read more: http://jezebel.com/5791134/couple-told-to-pay-child-support-after-surrogate-decides-to-keep-baby#ixzz1JMvyuINT
surrogate-mother  childcare  UK  law  contract  infertility 
april 2011 by asterisk2a

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