aries1988 + interview   105

专访宪法学者张千帆:宪政文明的暖流会融化中国体制的坚冰|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
张千帆是中国最负盛名的宪法学者之一,研究领域包括比较宪法与行政法,司法制度,中西方政治、道德与法律思想。

我们必须理解,宪法规定的党的领导是抽象和一般的,不是指治国理政日常实践中各级领导人的具体行为。任何领导人都是会犯错误的凡人,譬如某个县委书记完全可能滥用职权。宪法规定的党的领导显然不是要神化任何领导人,否则就变成了人治,就抵触了宪法第五条规定的法治和依法治国。这些问题早在八十年代就得到清理并达成共识,现在不应该再成为问题。

因此,问题不在于党的领导,而在于如何领导。执政党需要通过宪法和法律去体现其意志,执政党的意志应该通过民主和法治程序体现出来,而不是通过各种讲话或指示。当然,执政党的行为可以通过制定党内规章加以规范,但这些法规、规章都必须符合宪法。事实上,你用宪法规定来坚持党的领导地位,这本身已表明执政党只能在宪法与合宪法律的框架内行使权力。否则,宪法没有意义的话,党的领导也就没有法律根基了。

实际上,世界上每个国家的政府都是不愿意实施宪法的,但民主国家的政府不得不实施宪法,最终是因为有选票,不实施宪法的话会得罪太多的选民,领导人当选了也会下台。但如果没有真正的选举,政府不用对公民负责,不实施宪法也没有什么后果。

如果双方都能了解对方的真实想法,共同点还是很容易找到的,因为央港博弈是一种“协调博弈”,而非零和博弈。中央的主要目标维持主权统一,香港则希望维持高度自治的空间和制度的完整性。在主权统一的基础之上,中央应该还是愿意去谈的。现在,中央可能对于香港有一些误解,好像主张港独的人越来越多;香港则觉得中央似乎越来越强硬,这样下去会对双方之间的情感和认知产生负面影响。

中国现体制可以被视为两次世界大战的国际“冰河期”形成的一块坚冰。现在冰河早已融化,世界主流文明一直处于自由民主的暖流中。记得刚打倒“四人帮”的时候,叶剑英就说过“坚冰已经打破,航道已经开通”。此言不虚,四十年改革开放其实就是暖流和坚冰的“热交换”过程。当然,摩擦还会不断发生,自由民主国家也会遇到移民、民粹、两极分化等问题的困扰,但是应该会有惊无险,社会契约即便破裂也会修复。如果今后若干年我们仍然处在一个温暖的国际大环境下,我相信世界文明暖流最终会化解每一块坚冰。
interview  opinion  constitution  china  hongkong  game  theory  democracy  today  future  leader  intelligentsia  reform  politics 
26 days ago by aries1988
Emilia Clarke, of “Game of Thrones,” on Surviving Two Life-Threatening Aneurysms

But I kept at it. In school productions, I played Anita in “West Side Story,” Abigail in “The Crucible,” one of the witches in “Macbeth,” Viola in “Twelfth Night.” After secondary school, I took a gap year, during which I worked as a waitress and went backpacking in Asia. Then I started classes at the Drama Centre London to pursue my B.A. As fledgling actors, we studied everything from “The Cherry Orchard” to “The Wire.” I didn’t get the ingénue parts. Those went to the tall, willowy, impossibly blond girls. I got cast as a Jewish mother in “Awake and Sing!” You should hear my Bronx accent.

In those days, I thought of myself as healthy. Sometimes I got a little light-headed, because I often had low blood pressure and a low heart rate. Once in a while, I’d get dizzy and pass out. When I was fourteen, I had a migraine that kept me in bed for a couple of days, and in drama school I’d collapse once in a while. But it all seemed manageable, part of the stress of being an actor and of life in general. Now I think that I might have been experiencing warning signs of what was to come.

I could hardly catch my breath. I went back to the hotel, where some people invited me to a party on the roof. “I think I’m good!” I told them. Instead, I went to my room, ate Oreos, watched “Friends,” and called everyone I knew.

The “Game of Thrones” creators David Benioff and D. B. Weiss have said that Daenerys Targaryen is a blend of Napoleon, Joan of Arc, and Lawrence of Arabia.
GOT  tv  actor  story  hospital  death  struggle  growup  uk  health  acting  female  fame  success  girl  interview  job  from instapaper
5 weeks ago by aries1988
Meet Hao Jingfang, author of "Folding Beijing," the dystopian science-fiction writer who advises China’s government — Quartz
When do you usually write in a day?

Five to seven o’clock in the morning. I barely write after work. In the evening I play with my daughter, give her a bath, read to her and get her to sleep. Usually I sleep from 11pm to 4am or 5am.

My daughter is under three, and is now sent to kindergarten. My mother lives at my apartment to take care of her most of the time. But she still needs her mother’s company more. I don’t want to separate her from me. Whatever I’m doing at home, she is always allowed to interrupt me.

Let’s talk about the new book you are working on.

It’s a sci-fi novel about China’s ancient civilization. The story is set in the future. It’s about people traveling back to archaeological sites to unveil history.

Archaeology is not able to fill gaps between separate dynasties. There are many gaps I can fill with my imagination. For example, what gives birth to Chinese ritual bronzes? Archaeological materials only show the bronzes became mature during the Shang and Zhou dynasties (1600-256 BC). There is no accumulation and development before that. I can make up lots of reason for that.
interview  author  female  scifi  beijing  mother  sleep 
7 weeks ago by aries1988
再访 Ian Johnson:宗教复兴遭遇收紧治理,中国要打一场“灵魂之战”吗?|深度|探索学院|端传媒 Initium Media
中国宗教政策的转机其实始于1982年,邓小平宣布落实“宗教信仰自由”政策,中共下发19号文件要求重新认识宗教和民族问题。即便是在文件公布的数字里,人们也惊奇地发现,在中国宗教遭受过控制、打压、改造甚至消灭的环境下,基督教人数仍然取得惊人增长。香港中文大学神学院院长邢福增认为,这绝不可能是1979年之后才发生的,他引用自己有关中国基督徒的口述史研究,佐证这场复苏是从文革期间的地下状态或第二社会(The Second Society)开始的。

英文学界的一些主张曾经认为,只有制度性的、正统的宗教才能酝酿出真正的信仰,并以此认为中国没有宗教。张彦没有囿于这种认识,他对中国宗教信仰的评价更接近学者杨庆堃的“弥散性宗教”(diffused religion,又译分散性宗教)的概念,即不成系统却无处不在。张彦形容所有宗教像在一个持续的光谱(Spectrum)里:“一方面,宗教是非常哲学化的,是关于精神领域的,另外一方面,宗教有纯仪式的一面。”因此,他不轻视“拜拜求平安”这样的普通民众看似“无主”的宗教生活,同时分配了一大部分注意力给不经中国政府认证的“地下教会”。

为加强“党的全面领导”,中国各地开展“四进”活动,意指国旗、宪法、社会主义核心价值观、中华优秀传统文化进入宗教场所,这些做法为境外各类“中国禁闻”增添了啼笑皆非的谈资。

我认为宗教复兴提供了一种新的方式,让中国人自己产出一套新的、属于中国人自己的价值体系。你知道,政府想要将自己的价值体系(社会主义核心价值观)强加到人民身上,政府也拥有这种至上而下的权力。虽然社会主义核心价值观中,也包涵一些有价值的传统观念,但这些传统观念是对政府有利的。我注意到的一件事是,很多人觉得中国在过去的一个半世纪里,丢失了很多框架、传统、价值体系和人们在社会中共同生存的方式。这些年人们尝试重新去寻找这些东西,很多底层的中国人民开始寻找自己的传统和价值观。

欧洲,柏林墙也倒塌了。中国的共产党看到并研究了欧洲的这一变化,他们注意到共产主义在欧洲失败的部分原因是因为那里有太多民主社会组织了,比如说波兰的基督教会、东德的新教教会,贸易组织等等。中国领导是不会允许宗教组织发展到如此有组织性的地步的。

我个人不认为任何一种宗教可以拯救中国,但中国可以通过发展宗教去改变自己。

政府想要利用宗教,并且选择宗教中的赢家和输家。比如现在,政府选择的就是佛教和道教,于是他们就攻击基督教和伊斯兰教,于是便会发生各种情况。

宗教局前局长叶小文,他管理宗教局很长一段时间,他相对比较独立、是个很有意思的人物,但是政府可能不喜欢这样,可能政府认为宗教局有太多所谓专家,而且对宗教太过同情。即便宗教局的人是无神论者,他们还是会同情并理解宗教。

法轮功跟基督教家庭教会相比,规模还是算小的。所以我认为政府不会再这样打压宗教。

去年政府关闭了三个最有名的地下教会(编注:北京锡安教会、成都秋雨教会、广州荣桂里)

政府注意到了宗教的复兴并且想去控制它,就像几年前政府控制了非营利组织(NGO)一样,在这之前他们还控制了网络。共产党有时可能需要一些时间去做出反应,但他们总是会做出反应的。

假如在中国有1600万天主教徒,一半在独立教会一半在政府教会,如果每个独立教会有500名成员,那么就会有16000个教会。实际数字一定比这个更多,因为不是所有教会都有500人这么大的规模。所以我认为政府不可能关闭所有教会,他们所做的是在警告:第一,不要有政治倾向,第二,不要有太高的组织性。

新疆发生的一切是很可怕的悲剧,你不能用武力去改变人们的想法。

中国对不同的宗教有不同的应对方式,培植佛教、道教、民间信仰,但打击外来宗教如天主教及伊斯兰教。

我认为“政府”(government)也是一样,它没办法控制社会的所有方面。它或许可以控制非营利组织、关闭独立电影节、终止女性运动、民办教会,但是到最后这些只会毁了政府自身。我认为一个健康的社会需要非营利组织和各种公民组织。一个稳定的社会不应是人造的、外表强大的国家,看似坚硬实则易碎,都是外强中干的。

天主教在过去几年间的人数增长几乎“停滞”。你看,新教教徒从1949年的100万人到今天,大概有5000-6000万的规模,佛教、道教的人数以亿计,而天主教徒仅仅是从300万到了1000万,这期间中国人口数量翻了三倍(编注:1949年的4亿到如今的近14亿),意味著天主教教徒的增幅仅与人口增长相当。

我认为天主教的问题是它没有参与到宗教复兴中去,它是唯一一个没有发展壮大的。教皇可能认为如果解决了牧师等人事问题,比如若是可以让主教、牧师都被合法认证,那么教会就可以更好的发展。

当中国政府说“宗教本土化”的时候,他们的真正意思其实是所有在中国的宗教都应该被完全控制。

我认为这种爱国主义的问题在于人们获取的信息有限,所以他们经常下意识的就认为政府有在做事。

至于共产主义,我认为现在几乎没有人真的信仰共产主义了。我觉得对很多人来说,他们寻找的是一种理想主义的东西,而这其中共产主义相对来说比较安全可靠,因为毕竟中国还是一个共产主义国家。但我不确定人们是否还真的有被共产主义所激励著。

有机的(Organic)东西是从公民社会中产生的。不管怎么说,好莱坞就是美国的一个软实力,但它不是政府的产物。所有的好莱坞电影,以及这些电影所传播的美国思想,都不是政府权力。

真正的软实力是,以佛教为例,如果中国的佛教足够活跃,有新的佛教思想家出现、新的佛教书籍出现,就像20世纪太虚大师创办的“人间佛教”,那么世界其他地方的人会赞叹中国发生的这一切,他们会认为中国一定是一个非常好的国家。这才是真正的软实力,而不是孔子学院这种政府控制的东西。
religion  interview  chinese  government  today  buddhism  christianity  opinion  explained  policy 
8 weeks ago by aries1988
Huawei: The world's most controversial company - BBC News

Ren’s early days in business instilled in him a desire to protect his company from the whims and fancies of the stock market. Huawei is privately held and employee-owned. This gave Ren the power to plough more money back into research and development. Each year, Huawei spends US$20bn on R&D – one of the biggest such budgets in the world.

“Publicly listed companies have to pay a lot of attention to their balance sheets,” he says. “They can't invest too much, otherwise profits will drop and so will their share prices. At Huawei, we fight for our ideals. We know that if we fertilise our ‘soil’ it will become more bountiful. That's how we've managed to pull ahead and succeed.”

“Admittedly, what is missing from this debate is the smoking gun,” she says.

“For the average person who has a Huawei smartphone it’s not a big deal. But if you’re a Western government that has key national security to protect - why would you allow this access to a company that is in the political system that China is in?”
2019  china  corporation  world  reportage  interview  from instapaper
9 weeks ago by aries1988
Will John Bolton Bring on Armageddon—Or Stave It Off?

One thing liberals and neoconservatives share, Bolton suggested, is an irrational, “theological” attachment to principles—the principle that treaties and alliances are good (in the case of internationalist liberals) or that democracy must be spread at the expense of all else (in the case of neoconservatives). By contrast, he thought treaties and alliances needed unsentimental evaluation. One of the Russians on Putin’s team told him, “You strike me as a pragmatic diplomat.” “I said, ‘That’s the nicest thing anyone’s said about me for a long time.’ ” Bolton recalled, “Even in the Bush 43 administration, when we were most accused of unilateralism, I didn’t get up every morning thinking, What act of unilateralism can I accomplish today? I got up thinking, What interest of the United States are we going to advance today?”

It’s difficult to exaggerate how hard it is to earn a reputation as a dick in Washington. It’s like being known as a real nerd by fellow scientists at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, or as the resident prude by sisters at a nunnery. In Washington, boorishness can be a virtue, if the boor in question is on your side and gets things done. (Witness the admiration for Lyndon B. Johnson, who would sit on the toilet and summon aides to talk policy while smelling his fumes, and the contempt for the pious Jimmy Carter.) But Bolton is almost universally known for being off-putting and ill-tempered. “One of the world’s cheapest people,” says an ex-colleague. “An extremely unpleasant person,” says another.

At the UN, he exuded contempt. In his memoir he says the General Assembly hall’s architecture is “vaguely fascist.” He scoffs at the tendency to treat Kofi Annan, the secretary general, as “a secular pope,” and he calls General Assembly President Jan Eliasson “President of the World.” Neither title is meant as a compliment. Nor is the nickname “EUroids,” which he uses to describe Europeans he considers pains in the ass.

“Bolton is a sovereigntist,” John Yoo told me. “He thinks the U.S. should not be bound by international organizations, and we should not be ceding our authority to the United Nations or NAFTA.” After the Cold War, “the U.S. tied itself down with multilateral institutions, primarily run by Europeans, to constrain our freedom of action—to tie down Gulliver.” Every time the United States joins an alliance, or consents to arbitration on equal terms with, say, Latvia or Guinea, one more rope is lashed over Gulliver’s limbs.

Bolton may have mind-melded with Trump better than McMaster did, but inevitably the president and his national security adviser will disagree, both on style and on substance. One is an unreconstructed Cold Warrior; the other is an isolationist. One says nothing without precise calculation; the other speaks seemingly without consulting his own prefrontal cortex. As the differences between their personalities multiply, savvy enemies will simply cease to believe that Bolton carries Trump’s authority. Trump, flattered, will agree.
interview  portrait  trump  administration  from instapaper
9 weeks ago by aries1988
Gene A. Bunin: How the “Happiest Muslims in the World” are Coping with Their Happiness • art of life in chinese central asia
Karim, a worldly polyglot who could have easily passed for a Middle Easterner, told of how he’d sometimes go to a hotel and speak to the front-desk staff in English. Mistaking him for a foreigner, they’d tell him that there were rooms available, and then backtrack after asking him for his documents and seeing the word Uyghur on his Chinese identification card.
uygur  tragedy  story  restaurant  persecution  ethnic  interview  from instapaper
january 2019 by aries1988
Two Roads for the New French Right | by Mark Lilla | The New York Review of Books

Unlike her hotheaded grandfather and aunt, Marion is always calm and collected, sounds sincere, and is intellectually inclined.

In countries as diverse as France, Poland, Hungary, Austria, Germany, and Italy, efforts are underway to develop a coherent ideology that would mobilize Europeans angry about immigration, economic dislocation, the European Union, and social liberalization, and then use that ideology to govern.

a new legal status, dubbed a pacte civil de solidarité (civil solidarity pact, or PACS), for long-term couples who required legal protections regarding inheritance and other end-of-life issues but did not want to get married.

While it’s true that fewer and fewer French people baptize their children and attend mass, nearly two thirds still identify as Catholic, and roughly 40 percent of those declare themselves to be practicing, whatever that means. More importantly, as a Pew study found last year, those French who do identify as Catholic—especially those who attend Mass regularly—are significantly more right-wing in their political views than those who do not.

The National Front is nearly as secular and even less ideologically coherent, having served more as a refuge for history’s detritus—Vichy collaborators, resentful pieds noirs driven out of Algeria, Joan of Arc romantics, Jew- and Muslim-haters, skinheads—than as a party with a positive program for France’s future. A mayor once close to it now aptly calls it the Dien Bien Phu right.

They share two convictions: that a robust conservatism is the only coherent alternative to what they call the neoliberal cosmopolitanism of our time, and that resources for such a conservatism can be found on both sides of the traditional left–right divide. More surprising still, they are all fans of Bernie Sanders.

Three months later her Institute of Social, Economic, and Political Sciences (ISSEP) opened in Lyon, with the aim, Marion said, of displacing the culture that dominates our nomadic, globalized, deracinated liberal system. It is basically a business school but will supposedly offer great books courses in philosophy, literature, history, and rhetoric, as well as practical ones on management and political and cultural combat.
reportage  politics  interview  france  conservatism  culture  ideology  conflict  globalization  crisis  morality  family  value  debate  instapaper_favs  from twitter
december 2018 by aries1988
英国汉学家蓝诗玲:很多英国人对鸦片战争深感内疚-文化读书频道-手机搜狐
由于“黄祸论”,中国人移民到英国、美国和法国,要面对太过残酷的种族主义。想了解这种气氛,可以看老舍在1920年代写的《二马》。老舍还可以写得更极端一些。对于在英国的中国人,那个时候确实很残酷、很困难。

鸦片战争是很可能引起争议的主题。我每次出书,没法做到权威,但要按个人能力尽量去了解。写作一本书,你才真正开始处理对某一历史事件的理解。虽然不可能完美,但还是稍微有一点点进步。我想尽量做到的,是不要把这场战争写得太情绪化。虽然冷静很困难,但历史学家应该尽量客观。关键在于,历史学家能不能看大量第一手资料,然后把意思反馈或表达给读者们,让读者自己去处理内部的矛盾。中国人在鸦片战争中是受害者。这场战争的后果太严重了,必须尽量了解战争的意义或脉络。
interview  uk  book  war  qing 
october 2018 by aries1988
英国人为什么对鸦片战争避而不谈?_文化课_澎湃新闻-The Paper
有一位评论我这本书的英国学者提出了这么一个问题,为什么鸦片贸易会被大多英国人遗忘,而奴隶贸易却会被记住?这位学者猜想是否因为奴隶贸易是以“主动废除”这种方式结束,但英国政府之所以放弃鸦片贸易,却是碍于外部压力。

我认为不存在绝对的“历史真相”,即便在中国或英国国内,国人对同一个历史事件也会有不同的理解与记忆。在“集体记忆”中,必然有许多人不同的“个人记忆”。在任何情况下,历史学家都不可能重建历史事件的全貌和复杂性,留下的史料也永远不会是完整的。
而在任何国家或文化里,历史叙事无一例外地被赋予了政治意义,对历史的解读也深深影响着统治者和政治家的立场合理性。
即便如此,历史学家依然有一个很重要的工作,就是尽可能挖掘第一手史料,从而提醒当代读者历史的复杂性,并鼓励读者重新对史料进行研读,以得出自己的结论。
interview  uk  war  qing  book  imperialism  education  chinese 
october 2018 by aries1988
驱逐难民、鼓吹脱欧、崇尚强力、热爱中国——我和瑞典“超极右”九零后聊了聊|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
“人如果天真就会被利用,就像现在正在发生的这样。全世界的人都在利用瑞典的天真。”

哈:历史上,左右标签是被用在经济领域的。左派想要高税收和大型福利国家,右派想要低税收和小型福利国家。就这方面来说,我觉得左右标签某种程度上被滥用了。到现在,右派指的是国家主义,左派指的是全球主义。右派想保留传统文化,左派想要文化多元。就此而言,我觉得我们是右派,在经济层面我们也是右派。

端:你未来期待成为一个职业政治家吗?

哈:按我个人的计划来说,我不一定必须从政。于我而言,政治更像是一个社会责任感的寄托,我对祖先、家庭、后代都有责任,瑞典社会正在分裂,而我想停止这种政治乱象,让瑞典恢复它曾经的美好。
sweden  politics  interview  youth 
october 2018 by aries1988
I’m Kelly Senecal and This Is How I DON’T Mesh | Another Fine Mesh
But the problem was that it took so long to create the first mesh, there was no way we were going to create more meshes with different resolutions. As a result, we really didn’t know if we were anywhere near grid convergence. Hence we would tune models to account for what was, most likely, error from being under-resolved.

JC: Grid convergence, for better or worse, remains an open issue if only from one of runtime. And the manner in which one obtains a family of meshes suitable for a grid convergence study is a bit more challenging with hybrid unstructured meshes than it was with structured grids.

What do you see are the biggest challenges facing CFD in the next 5 years?
Maintaining a good balance between accuracy and runtime. Industry needs faster simulations to make design decisions quicker; however, for CFD to be truly predictive we need higher mesh resolution, less empirical modeling, and fully transient simulations.
industry  cfd  mesh  interview 
october 2018 by aries1988
领读中国 | 梁鸿:我更看重的是,人怎么与历史发生关系
经观书评:阅读对你当时的生活来讲,应该是很重要的一部分。
梁鸿:我姐姐上高中,她有书,所以我从小就读到好多书,《世界之窗》、《高中语文》、《现代文学作品选》,那时候没电视、没网络,只有读书。我的性格比较内向,我跟孩子们出去玩的也比较少,经常就看书。我小时候对读书有渴望,喜欢看书,什么都可以看,我对“字”有一种渴望,喜欢看“字”。长大到小学四、五年级开始喜欢写作文,那个感觉很好,写的好不好不知道,反正喜欢写。后来我们整理老家的物品,翻到我初中日记,写着:我要当作家。其实后来完全忘掉了,是翻出初中的日记才看到。

经观书评:对“字”很着迷,这个启蒙最开始是什么?
梁鸿:可能还是跟我姐姐她们上学有关系,她们带回一些书籍,我自己性格刚好又比较内向、孤独。我觉得孤独的人很自然的喜欢阅读,喜欢写点东西,也比较惆怅,比较多思。我现在的性格相对比较好,但小时候不爱说话。

经观书评:后来接受了高等教育之后,比如在你一直研究的乡土文学、乡土文化领域,或是写作过程中,有没有喜欢的作家?对写作或人生观,或是思考方式有影响的一些书或作家?

梁鸿:我很早就开始阅读,非常混沌,我是一个泛读主义者,喜欢每个我能欣赏的作家和作品。
当年我十三、四岁的时候读托尔斯泰《战争与和平》——那时候肯定是囫囵吞枣,但也非常喜欢。读《安娜·卡列妮娜》是我上师范的时候,多激动啊。还有屠格列夫的《猎人笔记》。其实那时候已经读了相当多的经典,也有郁达夫、沈从文……
从我日后的创作和我的性格而言,可能我还是比较偏重于鲁迅那一支。但是我欣赏所有的作家,比如纳博科夫的《洛丽塔》、沈从文的《边城》、婉约派的诗人、辛弃疾,我都很喜欢,我喜欢所有文字里表达情感方式。我没有特别挑剔说我不喜欢周作人,我喜欢鲁迅,但是我自己的创作倾向可能更偏重于鲁迅的气质,或者偏重于那些相对具有批判性的方式。我欣赏那种语言的美,对一个小世界的创造,我都非常着迷。
nonfiction  chinese  writer  interview  reading  childhood  countryside  china 
october 2018 by aries1988
访谈|魏斐德:中国的编史有太多的“褒贬历史”

远在汉朝之前,每个皇帝都必须配有两名史官,一位在左一位在右,做大量的记录。史官不仅记录皇帝的行动,在某种意义上还有历史的评判。中国的编史有太多的褒贬历史,从中你会谴责那些犯错误的人,赞扬那些正直伟大的领袖。这个历史还在继续着。比如,当中国人谈到1989年春夏之交发生的事情,他们会说历史自有判断或历史即将会有清算的。坏的一面是,这使历史变为一种审判的,甚至是伊索寓言式的方式来看待事件。好的一面是,它赋予了历史极大的威信,几乎赋予了历史学家所做的事情宗教上的意义。毕竟,除了历史学家,谁能告诉你已经发生了什么或者一个人是做了好事还是坏事?像法国人一样,中国人也感到沉重的历史重担。
chinese  emperor  historiography  historian  interview 
september 2018 by aries1988
The future was now at the 1939 World's Fair – and it is still awesome | Aeon Videos
From the perspective of the 21st century, it’s hard to imagine what a marvel the 1939-1940 New York World’s Fair would have been to its visitors. Still living in the heavy shadow of the stock market crash of 1929, the many people who flocked to the big exhibition found not only bounteous luxuries such as free Coca-Cola, but the unveiling of unthinkable new technologies that promised that a better world lay ahead. Using sparkling, rare, colour film footage – itself a brand-new technology at the time – the US director Amanda Murray mines the memories of several people who attended the New York World’s Fair in 1939.
worldfair  usa  childhood  memory  modernity  technology  newyork  movie  interview 
august 2018 by aries1988
葛兆光:中国是现代民族国家和传统帝国的混合体 | 政见 CNPolitics.org
我们把civilization这个词用来做一个普遍性的规则,而文化culture这个词我们把它说是中国传统的东西。我们认为就传统文化而言,各个民族没有高低之分,没有哪一个culture好一点,哪一个culture比较不好。但是,文明是有不同的,因为文明是要学习的,而且是跟知识、教养、秩序是有关系的。

我总觉得中国是一个非常特殊的例子。一方面呢,我在书里面一再强调:从公元1000年,也就是差不多宋代的时候,就已经有类似于欧洲nation-state(民族国家)的那种意识。这个idea不是制度上的,而是思想上的。但是另外一方面呢,中国始终保留了帝国的观念,帝国的制度。比方说,一直到后来,它都觉得应该有朝贡体制,有一个天下的、中央的、天朝大国的那种秩序。所以,中国的历史和欧洲的历史不一样的地方,就是说中国并不是从传统的帝国转向现代的民族国家,而是民族国家和帝国是混在一起的。也就是说,一方面它有现代民族国家的一些因素,但是它另外一方面又保留了帝国的想象和意识。所以,这两个东西并没有像欧洲那样从传统到现代。

在中国,正因为传统的帝国和现代的民族国家混在一起,所以现在很多问题都出在这里。它面对的是一个已经现代了的国际秩序,但是它又有很多传统的帝国想象。怎么办?我们之所以会讨论这个问题,其实和中国当下的问题有许多联系。比方说,中国政府在处理对外关系的时候和处理对内的民族问题的时候,有许多复杂的问题其实跟这个历史──跟这个特别的历史——是有关系的,所以就带来很多很多困难。你单纯地按照现代国际秩序、国际法则来处理问题好办,或者干脆你回到帝国时代去也好办,但是这两个混在一起的时候,就带来很多麻烦。你看看现在中国政府官员的脑子里,到现在仍然是这两个东西是混在一起的。

这种以父子关系为主轴的这种放大了的家族、家国的结构,才是孔夫子的思想基础。脱离了这个社会结构,孔夫子就变成了抽象的道德。但实际上在那个时候,他不是抽象的道德,他还是一套治理整个社会、建立政治秩序的一整套方法。

历史记忆在中国太多地被控制。这也是为什么我们很多知识份子都希望重写历史,比如民间历史、公共历史(public history)。这样的东西,都是试图瓦解固定的、强大的、意识形态的那种历史记忆,这是大家都在做的事情。但是说实话,作用很有限,因为历史教科书你改变不了,公共的纪念性的东西你改变不了,还有电视电影要很多钱的,你也控制不了。所以你也没有办法

这些冲突呢,造成现在中国的很多问题。这些问题肯定都是跟历史有关的,这三个问题都来自历史,而且是很长的历史,可能是几百年的,甚至是一千年的历史。

马克思主义的论述方式和逻辑性对我们有影响,但是价值观大概影响很小,我们这一代人大概都会有这样的经历

您探索的这些关于身份认同、文化移入、跨文化现象、文化改变和文化的概念,这些问题从本质上而言都是人类学的问题。
像疆域民族国家宗教认同这样的问题,我们主要从历史角度来看,包括它的形成、变化和历史过程来看。但是,人类学会分析它的结构和现状这些问题。

在各个地方,你可以看到国家在塑造这些宗教的时候,它的力量很强。这一点跟西方的伊斯兰教和基督教很不一样。它们都是超越国家的宗教,超越了很多很多国家变成了一个宗教。可是佛教、道教本来都是一个宗教,但是在各个国家就变成了不一样的东西了,它们的命运也不一样。比如中国和日本的佛教完全不同,怎么理解这样的现象?
religion  ethnography  history  book  expert  china  today  interview 
july 2018 by aries1988
“废柴”的快乐生活 日本青年人:不为国家而活|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
永井为父母的老去做好了准备,而面对他自己老去的风险时,他表示并没有为此存钱,“所以现在我坚持健身,尽量保持健康。”他每周末都去附近廉价的市民游泳馆游泳,并坚持每天散步,研究健康饮食。他开玩笑称自己的理想是健康到老,然后摔一跤咔嚓就归西了,不给别人添麻烦。“前几天社区免费测身体状况,我的体年龄只有26岁哦!”他很自豪地说道,不过女友亚由美血压略高,所以他最近都在研究降血压的菜谱。

“我们并不是反消费,只是不想让消费主义将自己的人生吞噬殆尽。”永井这样总结自己的生活方式。
interview  japanese  youth  story 
june 2018 by aries1988
I’m Tom Chan and This Is How I Mesh | Another Fine Mesh
Tecplot and Pointwise bookend the simulation process – Pointwise on the pre-processing side and Tecplot on the post-processing end. We have worked with the folks at Pointwise for many years and have many joint customers.

What do you see are the biggest challenges facing CFD in the next 5 years?

LES

What is some of the best CFD advice you’ve ever received?

Avoid the “black box” syndrome – don’t blindly depend on automated “black box” techniques.

Our customers are some of the smartest, most experienced engineers in the world. They work hard year after year, developing a deep knowledge of their craft. The experience and intuition they acquire can never be replaced by a “black box.”

But, much can be done to help engineers with the more tedious and tiresome tasks, which would give them more time for analysis and digging deeper into their research and designs.
tecplot  interview  cfd  fun  vietnam  chinese  usa 
june 2018 by aries1988
I’m ZJ Wang and This Is How I Mesh | Another Fine Mesh
What software or tools do you use every day?

We use Qt Creator as our development environment, Git for version control, Matlab or Mathematica for symbolic derivations, Tecplot 360 and ParaView for visualization, and Gmsh and Pointwise for mesh generation. I use the Microsoft Office suite for emails, papers and presentations, and skype for web conferences.
cfd  interview  list 
march 2018 by aries1988
12-year-old prodigy Alma Deutscher on homeschooling and Mozart

she is proudly out of step with the iGeneration. Lots of children spend all the time on video games, I don’t like that at all. I don’t have a phone or computer or anything, I just read a lot, she says, listing Philippa Pearce, Joan Aiken and Shannon Hale as some of her favourite authors. I don’t really know what they do — Minecraft or whatever — some of my friends do that but I think it’s a complete waste of time and it ruins your brain as well because you can’t imagine anything for yourself.
prodigy  piano  music  uk  reading  loisir  interview  teenager  from instapaper
december 2017 by aries1988
#49: 访谈「也谈钱」: 你的钱是可以给你赚钱的 – Checked
【Checked #49: 访谈「也谈钱」: 你的钱是可以给你赚钱的】
podcast  moi  money  finance  self  howto  tips  interview  49 
december 2017 by aries1988
The French Origins of “You Will Not Replace Us”

He sees immigration as one aspect of a nefarious global process that renders obsolete everything from cuisine to landscapes. “The very essence of modernity is the fact that everything—and really everything—can be replaced by something else, which is absolutely monstrous,” he said.

When Benoist writes that “humanity is irreducibly plural” and that “diversity is part of its very essence,” he is not supporting the idea of a melting pot but of diversity in isolation

These disciples, instead of calling for an “Islamic holocaust,” can argue that rootedness in one’s homeland matters, and that immigration, miscegenation, and the homogenizing forces of neoliberal market economies collude to obliterate identities that have taken shape over hundreds of years—just as relentless development has decimated the environment. Benoist’s romantic-sounding ideas can be cherry-picked and applied to local political resentments.

Faye, like Renaud Camus, is appalled by the dictates of modern statecraft, which define nationality in legal rather than ethnic terms.

Camus lamenting that “a veiled woman speaking our language badly, completely ignorant of our culture” could declare that she is just as French as an “indigenous” man who is “passionate for Roman churches, and for the verbal and syntactic delicacies of Montaigne and Rousseau, for Burgundy wines, for Proust, and whose family has lived for generations in the same valley.” What appalls Camus, Polakow-Suransky notes, is that “legally, if she has French nationality, she is completely correct.”

This is true, but there is always a threshold at which a quantitative change becomes qualitative; migration was far less extensive in the Middle Ages than it is today. French liberals can surely make a case for immigration without pretending that nothing has changed: a country that in 1900 was almost uniformly Catholic now has more than six million Muslims.

Yet feminism, Starbucks, the smartphone, the L.G.B.T.Q. movement, the global domination of English, EasyJet, Paris’s loss of centrality in Western cultural life—all of these developments have disrupted what it means “to be French.” The problem with identitarianism isn’t simply that it is nostalgic; it’s that it fixates on ethnicity to the exclusion of all else.
interview  usa  islam  muslim  france  français  intelligentsia  book  debate  population  race  altright  culture  identity  liberalism 
november 2017 by aries1988
UN secretary-general António Guterres on Trump and North Korea
“We were invited to a stadium to see a show of what is called Massive Gymnastics. And it included, during one hour and a half, 15,000 children doing all kinds of things . . . complicated gymnastic things, acrobatics gymnastics. During one hour and a half, 15,000 children . . . and there is not one single wrong movement. This tells you about the nature of the society . . . ”

“A crucial lesson for my political life is this very simple [psychological] analysis,” he explains. “When you have two persons in a room, you do not have two, you have six: what each person is; what each person thinks he or she is; and what each person thinks the other is. This is the reason personal relations are so complex. But what is true for persons is true for groups, and countries,” he adds.
UN  interview  world  diplomacy  2017  leader  peace  organization 
november 2017 by aries1988
‘We will all be dust soon’: Sherlock’s Mark Gatiss on death, despair and drama
He’s watched by millions, so why does the actor and writer feel a loser in today’s culture war?
interview  uk  culture  2017  tv  actor  bio  british 
november 2017 by aries1988
What Happens If China Makes First Contact?

Science fiction is sometimes described as a literature of the future, but historical allegory is one of its dominant modes. Isaac Asimov based his Foundation series on classical Rome, and Frank Herbert’s Dune borrows plot points from the past of the Bedouin Arabs. Liu is reluctant to make connections between his books and the real world, but he did tell me that his work is influenced by the history of Earth’s civilizations, “especially the encounters between more technologically advanced civilizations and the original settlers of a place.” One such encounter occurred during the 19th century, when the “Middle Kingdom” of China, around which all of Asia had once revolved, looked out to sea and saw the ships of Europe’s seafaring empires, whose ensuing invasion triggered a loss in status for China comparable to the fall of Rome.

Every so often, a Hans Zimmer bass note would sound, and the glass pane would fill up with the smooth, spaceship-white side of another train, whooshing by in the opposite direction at almost 200 miles an hour.

seti does share some traits with religion. It is motivated by deep human desires for connection and transcendence. It concerns itself with questions about human origins, about the raw creative power of nature, and about our future in this universe—and it does all this at a time when traditional religions have become unpersuasive to many.

China could rightly regard itself as the lone survivor of the great Bronze Age civilizations, a class that included the Babylonians, the Mycenaeans, and even the ancient Egyptians. Western poets came to regard the latter’s ruins as Ozymandian proof that nothing lasted. But China had lasted. Its emperors presided over the planet’s largest complex social organization. They commanded tribute payments from China’s neighbors, whose rulers sent envoys to Beijing to perform a baroque face-to-the-ground bowing ceremony for the emperors’ pleasure.
astronomy  seti  china  alien  chinese  project  state  scientist  scifi  technology  development  2017  future  human  discovery  history  Space  interview 
november 2017 by aries1988
Interview with Emmanuel Macron: 'We Need to Develop Political Heroism' - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International

Nothing here should become habitual, because routine lends one a deceptive feeling of security. You begin not noticing certain things and lose your focus on what's important. Uncertainty and change keep you attentive.

It is a place laden with history. The emperors spent time here, Napoleon I and Napoleon III. In the Fourth Republic, it was the palace of a president without powers. Only in the Fifth Republic did Charles de Gaulle move back in.

Germany is different from France. You are more Protestant, which results in a significant difference. Through the church, through Catholicism, French society was structured vertically, from top to bottom. I am convinced that it has remained so until today.

France is a country of regicidal monarchists. It is a paradox: The French want to elect a king, but they would like to be able to overthrow him whenever they want.

I am a strong believer that modern political life must rediscover a sense for symbolism. We need to develop a kind of political heroism. I don't mean that I want to play the hero. But we need to be amenable once again to creating grand narratives. If you like, post-modernism was the worst thing that could have happened to our democracy. The idea that you have to deconstruct and destroy all grand narratives is not a good one. Since then, trust has evaporated in everything and everyone.

I am putting an end to the cronyism between politics and the media. For a president, constantly speaking to journalists, constantly being surrounded by journalists, has nothing to do with closeness to the people. A president should keep the media at arm's length.
interview  français  deutschland  newspaper  2017  macron  democracy  europe  politics  france  state  president  opinion  comparison  protestant  society  hierarchy  narrative  post  modernity  trust  media  idea  reform  heroism  from instapaper
october 2017 by aries1988
Are We Ready for Intimacy with Robots?

Hiroshi Ishi­guro builds robots. Beautiful, realistic, uncannily convincing human replicas. His quest? Untangle the ineffable nature of human connection.

in Japan: the Advanced Telecommuni­cations Research Institute International in Nara and the Intelligent Robotics Laboratory on the campus of Osaka University.

Hiroshi Ishi­guro

the capacity to imbue such a machine with humanness—that ineffable presence the Japanese call sonzai-kan.

Ishi­guro believes that since we’re hardwired to interact with and place our faith in humans, the more humanlike we can make a robot appear, the more open we’ll be to sharing our lives with it.

He is convinced that human emotions, whether empathy or romantic love, are nothing more than responses to stimuli, subject to manipulation. Through the fluid interplay of its pneumatic joints, the arch of its mechanical brow, the tilt of its plastic skull, the many subtle movements achieved through years of research studying the human template, the android becomes more able to span that gap, to form a perfectly engineered bond with us. An elaborate metaphysical trick, perhaps—but what does that matter, if it fills a need? If it feels real?

Designed with the physical proportions that its human owner prefers, the preferred voice timbre and eye color and personality type, and the ability to recall and riff on its owner’s personal stories and little jokes, android will captivate human.

someone would be left alone in their advanced age to relive the joy of having a child through the cradling of a robot with stunted limbs.

The countless ways in which we judge someone based on their appearance all evaporate in the face of this neutral appearance, as Hiroshi calls the Telenoid’s blank, abstract body. And what is left in its place is that ineffable thing he has been trying to define: a distinctly human presence, free of the uncanny. It is an outsider, like its maker—but one who manages to trigger our affection. While holding the android, it hardly matters that this humanness is emitting from something that barely resembles a human at all.
human  body  android  idea  research  thinking  history  japan  japanese  reportage  interview  invention  story  emotion  office  journalism  from instapaper
october 2017 by aries1988
Orbiting Jupiter: my week with Emmanuel Macron

He takes her hand and his face divides in two – something I’ve often seen it do: the right half, brow creased, is determined, grave, almost severe, giving you the feeling that whatever he does, he’s doing it in the eyes of history. The left half, meanwhile, is cordial, optimistic, almost mischievous, giving you the feeling that now he’s there, things will be all right.

When I asked the president’s office for permission to accompany and interview Macron, it went without saying that he would not read the piece prior to publication. The one condition: that I send them the sentences I quote Macron as saying. This is customary in the press, and protects the person being interviewed from journalistic extrapolations. But it also protects the journalist against the interviewee’s bad faith: once he had approved the sentences, the interviewee can’t then turn around and say he didn’t say them, or that they were misrepresented.
president  leader  politics  français  bio  quotes  interview  young  from instapaper
october 2017 by aries1988
Can Microsoft’s chief Satya Nadella restore it to glory?
He has a neat metaphor to sum up quantum computing, an area where Microsoft has big ambitions. If you think of computing problems as a corn maze, he says, a conventional computer would tackle each possible path, turning back when blocked. Quantum computing, by contrast, can take all the paths at the same time, vastly increasing users’ ability to cut through complexity.

Nadella says he combines a top-down and bottom-up approach — “both evangelising and listening”.

Nadella says he wants to change Microsoft’s mindset from a “fixed” know-it-all culture to a “growth mindset”, open to learning and trying new approaches. Anu, Nadella’s wife, introduced him to the idea, developed by psychologist Carol Dweck.
interview  microsoft  leader  from instapaper
october 2017 by aries1988
What Ever Happened to the Russian Revolution?

Now I’ve traveled enough in Russia that my affections are more complicated. I know that almost no conclusion I ever draw about it is likely to be right. The way to think about Russia is without thinking about it. I just try to love it and yield to it and go with it, while also paying vigilant attention—if that makes sense.

My way to travel is to go to a specific place and try to absorb what it is now and look closer, for what it was.

The Decembrists were young officers in the czar’s army who fought in the Napoleonic wars and found out about the Enlightenment and came home wanting to reform Russia.

Lenin informed his listeners that they had pioneered the international Socialist revolution, and would go forth into the world and proselytize the masses. It was an amazing vision, Marxist and deeply Russian simultaneously, and it helped sustain the despotic Bolsheviks, just as building St. Petersburg, no matter how brutal the cost, drove Peter the Great 200 years before. After Lenin, Russia would involve itself aggressively in the affairs of countries all over the world. That sense of global mission, soon corrupted to strategic meddling and plain troublemaking, is why America still worries about Russia today.

Rumor and street culture—jokes, postcards, sayings, bawdy plays performed in saloons—changed the image of the czar and the czarina, desacralized them, before and during the war. Empress Alexandra’s dependence on Rasputin, the so-called crazed monk, had catastrophic consequences. Tales of the czarina’s debauchery with Rasputin (completely untrue), and rumors of the czar’s impotence, and her supposed sabotage of the war effort because she was born in Germany, all undermined the Romanovs, until finally nobody could be too sad when the monarchy went away. People sent each other erotic postcards of the czarina with Rasputin, audiences howled laughing at plays about his supposed sexual power. It resembled modern defamation by social media, and it did great damage. I call it the ‘tragic erotics’ of Nicholas’ reign. If you loved Russia you were obliged to love your czar. People were saying, ‘I know I must love my czar, but I cannot.’

Tourists came through in a constant stream. Nearly all were holding up their phones and taking videos or photographs. Sometimes a tourist would stop in the middle of the room, hold the phone up with both hands in the air, and slowly turn in a circle so the video could pan the entire room. This slow, unself-conscious video-making rotation in the room’s center with arms upstretched happened over and over, a new century’s new dance.

In 1967, a New York Times editorial titled “Russia’s Next Half-Century” congratulated the Soviet Union for becoming “one of the world’s foremost economic, scientific, and military powers.” The Times said it looked forward to a prosperous future for the country, but added, “Russia’s leaders, surveying the changes of fifty hectic years, surely understand that the vision of a monolithic, uniform world—whether Communist or capitalist—is a fantasy.”

Whoever wrote it must have known that as an adjective to describe the Soviet half-century, “hec­tic” did not suffice. But you can also see the problem the editorial writer faced. What could be said about such horrors? The United States had never known what to make of its cruel, sly, opaque World War II ally turned Cold War enemy. America even tried to like Stalin for a while. He appeared on the cover of Time magazine 12 times.

Russia, the country itself, inhabits a spirit as well. The visible location of this spirit’s existence in the world used to be the czar. The United States is a concept; Russia is an animate being. I think Nicholas II understood this, and it’s why he believed so strongly that his countrymen needed the autocracy. Nicholas not only ruled Russia, he not only signified Russia, he was Russia.

Today, on Victory Day, marchers show up in the hundreds of thousands in every major Russian city bearing portraits of their relatives who served. These portraits, typically black-and-white photographs, keep to a single size and are attached to identical wooden handles like those used for picket signs. As a group the photos are called Bezsmertnii Polk, the Deathless Regiment.

The portraits in their endless numbers evoke powerful emotions as they stream by, especially when you glimpse a young marcher who looks exactly like the young soldier in the faded photograph he or she is carrying.

Individuals change history. There would be no St. Petersburg without Peter the Great and no United States of America without George Washington. There would have been no Soviet Union without Lenin. Today he might feel discouraged to see the failure of his Marxist utopia—a failure so thorough that no country is likely to try it again soon. But his political methods may be his real legacy.

Lenin showed the world how well not compromising can work. A response to that revolutionary innovation of his has yet to be figured out.
russia  travel  interview  city  tourist  history  today  revolution  communism  instapaper_favs  from instapaper
october 2017 by aries1988
The Atheist Who Strangled Me - The Atlantic

Along the way, Harris developed an interest in the Ultimate Fighting Championship, a freestyle martial-arts competition, begun in 1993, that he describes as “a science experiment that martial artists had waited centuries to have happen.” Would a boxer win? A karate guy? A wrestler? “It was everyone’s fantasy,” Harris told me. “Who’s stronger: Batman or Superman?” The outcome of the first UFC was clear: Royce Gracie, Ryron’s uncle, won handily, and the Gracie school of jiu-jitsu established itself as first among equals.

“The great strength of jiu-jitsu,” Harris told me, “is that there really are no illusions.” BJJ practitioners generally don’t punch or kick, but the holds and locks they do use can be tested as if in real-world conditions. As a result, “Ryron knows that if he puts you in a triangle choke, you’re going to sleep in six to 10 seconds.”
religion  interview  story  debate  martial-arts 
september 2017 by aries1988
Yuval Noah Harari : « La technologie nous laisse le choix, à condition d’être imaginatifs »
je propose une vision globale des phénomènes. Les gens sont submergés par les informations nouvelles. Ils n’en veulent donc pas davantage, mais souhaitent que quelqu’un les structure. Je suis un peu comme Google et son moteur de recherche qui organisent la Toile !

Les dictatures à venir, nourries par une masse de données, n’oppresseront plus ces groupes mais les individus eux-mêmes, dont on saura tout. Il sera plus difficile de résister à des discriminations pour l’accès au logement, au crédit, à l’emploi, car on sera seul et non plus membre d’un groupe maltraité. En plus, l’algorithme aura sans doute raison ! On est piégé. Bref, nous devrons affronter des crises bien avant l’avènement d’une superintelligence qui remplacerait les hommes.

Quelle que soit la réponse, ce n’est pas très important : ce qui compte, c’est que des gens y croient. Ce ne serait pas la première fois que des idées fausses mènent le monde. Au XXe siècle, le darwinisme social a eu des effets politiques et sociaux très importants, alors que des scientifiques savaient que cette pensée était fondée sur une conception erronée du darwinisme en biologie. De même, toutes les religions proposent une vue déformée de la réalité, mais elles convainquent les gens et ont changé le monde.
book  buy  interview  ai  future  human 
september 2017 by aries1988
The Risk of Nuclear War with North Korea

the two men making the existential strategic decisions were not John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev but a senescent real-estate mogul and reality-television star and a young third-generation dictator who has never met another head of state. Between them, they had less than seven years of experience in political leadership.

From time immemorial, there is a tradition of giving foreigners the best service, Pak explained. The No. 1 thing is to protect them, unless they are spies or enemies.

George W. Bush refused bilateral negotiations, then switched tacks and convened what are known as the Six-Party Talks.

Pyongyang is a city of simulated perfection, without litter or graffiti—or, for that matter, anyone in a wheelchair. Its population, of 2.9 million, has been chosen for political reliability and physical health. The city is surrounded by checkpoints that prevent ineligible citizens from entering.

Physically, he transformed himself into a near-reincarnation of his grandfather, Kim Il Sung, who was much more popular than Kim Jong Il. He bore a natural likeness to his grandfather, and, to accentuate it, he gained weight, cut his hair in a shorn-sided pompadour, and began wearing horn-rimmed glasses and a panama hat. (When foreign media suggested that he had undergone surgery to enhance the similarity, the state news agency condemned the speculation as sordid hackwork by rubbish media.)

So the Wall Street Journal is conservative? he asked. The editorial page is conservative, I said, but the news coverage is straight.

For him, basketball was everything. Kim drew pictures of Michael Jordan and slept with a basketball, according to Ko Yong Suk, the aunt who cared for him. She took him skiing in the Alps, swimming on the French Riviera, and to the Disney park in Paris. He showed flashes of stubbornness. If he was scolded for not studying, he’d refuse to eat. He wasn’t a troublemaker, but he was short-tempered, Ko told the Washington Post last year. (She and her husband defected to the U.S. and now run a dry-cleaning business, under assumed names.)

Dean Rusk, who later became Secretary of State, recalled, in an oral history in 1985, that the United States bombed every brick that was standing on top of another, everything that moved. General Curtis LeMay, the head of the Strategic Air Command during the Korean War, told the Office of Air Force History in 1984, Over a period of three years or so, we killed off—what—twenty per cent of the population.
korea  history  war  crisis  2018  interview  usa  from instapaper
september 2017 by aries1988
Le Figaro - Série - Voyage dans l'amérique d'Obama
François Hauter a passé 75 jours aux Etats-Unis pour partir à la rencontre de l’Amérique de Barack Obama. Un périple qui débute à Paris, France, et se termine à Paris, Texas.
voyage  story  usa  français  reportage  interview  list 
september 2017 by aries1988
Interview with Ornithologist Richard Prum: What Duck Sex Reveals about Human Nature - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International

Prum: To understand this, you have to consider the evolutionary mechanisms involved: If the female gets the mate she likes, then her offspring will inherit the green head and the quack-quack-quack, all those displays that she likes so much. And since all other females have coevolved to prefer those same traits, her sons will be very successful and she will have lots of grandchildren from him. But if she's fertilized by force, then some random male will father her kids, which means that her offspring are less likely to inherit the attractive traits that she and other females like. That means fewer grandkids. Therefore, evolution will favor any mutation that allows her to get her own choice -- for example by protecting her vagina against forced sex.

Unlike ducks, 97 percent of birds cannot be forcibly fertilized, because the males don't have a penis. Copulation in most birds is achieved by a cloacal kiss, just an apposition (or touching) of orifices. So, to be fertilized, the female has to actively take up the sperm, which means that she retains full control of her sexual choice. By the way, I think this is the essential reason why birds are so beautiful. Since they have the freedom of choice, females exhibit aesthetic preferences. And, as a result of these preferences, males developed amazingly elaborate ornaments.

SPIEGEL: You are suggesting that women were attracted to small teeth?

Prum: Yeah, and I even think that this is where our smile comes from. It is a sexual symbol advertising one's state of de-weaponization.

SPIEGEL: And females made them give up this bad habit by choosing more good-natured males?

Prum: Yes. Solving the infanticide problem was the biggest hurdle in human evolution. Infanticide is the single largest source of infant mortality in gorillas and chimpanzees. Approximately 30 percent of all infant deaths are the result of infanticide by males. On the other hand, everything that is special about human biology requires greater investment in longer childhoods -- whether it's complex cognition, language, culture or technology. None of that could possibly have evolved if a large portion of babies are being murdered by sexual violence.
bird  sex  human  animal  evolution  interview  opinion  research  duck  penis  from instapaper
july 2017 by aries1988
How to tackle terrorism, by Oxford university’s vice-chancellor
Richardson’s insight into the terrorist mindset goes well beyond academic expertise. As a teenager, she was a Republican sympathiser, attending meetings and adopting Gaelic as her first language. She “would have joined the IRA in a heartbeat”, she confessed in her 2006 book What Terrorists Want. Her sympathies were the result of growing up in rural Ireland where a Republican version of history was taught, which she questioned when she learnt a different version at Trinity College, Dublin.

Education is the best form of counteracting extremism, she says. She is not in favour of the “safe spaces” that have crept into UK universities. Students should be exposed to extreme views, even those of radical imams, in a space where orthodoxies can be challenged. “We are educating students to go into the real world where you are not protected from views you don’t like.”
education  home  interview  university  uk  terrorism  from instapaper
july 2017 by aries1988
Nobel laureate Svetlana Alexievich on her fears for Russia’s ‘collective Putin’
Not only did many of the intellectuals of her generation lose their jobs, their savings and their ideals: they also experienced no catharsis, since no one from the former regime was ever brought to justice. I ask her if Russia might have turned out differently if there had been a trial of the Communist party. “I was convinced there should have been,” she says. But others, including her father, an ardent communist, disagreed. “He said it would have led to civil war,” she says. As a result there was no reckoning with the Soviet past, no Russian Nuremberg. “We missed our chance,” she says.
interview  russia  communism  intelligentsia  today  history  literature  zeitgeist  nation  from instapaper
june 2017 by aries1988
Sheryl Sandberg: fighting fake news and Facebook’s future
Lean In the book gave birth to Lean In the organisation, a network of 1.5m working women around the world organised in “circles” for support, from entrepreneurs in Paris starting businesses to Chinese women quitting state-owned enterprises and saying no to arranged marriages. Sandberg meets them when she travels.
interview  Facebook  from instapaper
may 2017 by aries1988
BBC World Service - Business Daily, Machine Learning

Machines are about to get a lot smarter and machine learning will transform our lives. So says a report by the Royal Society in the UK, a fellowship of many of the world’s most eminent scientists. Machine learning is a form of artificial intelligence that’s already being used to tag people in photos, to interpret voice commands and to help internet retailers to make recommendations.
ai  interview  expert  explained  challenge  today 
april 2017 by aries1988
Hayao Miyazaki Meets Akira Kurosawa: Watch the Titans of Japanese Film in Conversation (1993)

If you let things slide thinking ‘well, this won’t be in view of the camera,' Kurosawa warns, then there’s no end to how lazy you can get. You either give it your all, or don’t even bother.

KUROSAWA – You know, I really liked that bus in Totoro.

MIYAZAKI – [Gleefully] Thank you.

[Miyazaki seems to be at a loss for words here]

KUROSAWA – What I think is really interesting about the Sengoku-era [1467-1567] is that. . .it’s perceived to be a time when, for example, one had to be loyal to his lord and obey similar moral and ethical codes. But in actuality, those only came into existence during the Tokugawa Shogunate [Edo-era; approximately 1603-1867] as an attempt to maintain some degree of order [and peace for the Tokugawa family]. The Sengoku-era, on the other hand, was quite the opposite — people had a lot of freedom then.

KUROSAWA – And that’s the kind of environment that spawned people like Hideyoshi [1536-1598]. They’re free-thinkers. You must be loyal to your husband — that wasn’t the case then. If he wasn’t worthy, then you could just abandon him. That’s what it was like.

KUROSAWA – Shakespeare might be uniquely British, but actually. . .Japan did have people like Macbeth during that era. You’d be surprised how easily you could make a Japanese story that parallels something out of Shakespeare.

The utter devastation of Kyoto towards the end of the Heian-era [794-1185], as depicted in the Houjouki [Tale of the Ten-Foot Square Hut] — earthquakes, great fires, dead bodies everywhere. . .rushing back from Fukuhara [modern day Kobe area] only to find your estate in complete ruins. . .

KUROSAWA – [Nod] Our physique undoubtedly deteriorated during the 300 years under Tokugawa. At first, I didn’t think such a drastic change was reasonable, or even possible. But when you look at the clothes from the early Showa-era [pre WWII] and compare it to those of today. . .in just 40 years, look at how much we’ve changed. They just don’t fit!
interview  japanese  movie  animation  history  leader  art  from instapaper
march 2017 by aries1988
The True Believers: Sam Harris
# Instapaper (2017/02/24)
## Added on Saturday, February 24-25

What I’m arguing for in the piece is not to discard either type of explanation but to remember the latter one and take the words of these ISIS people seriously. Even though at various points in the past we’ve ignored political or material causes, this doesn’t mean that ideology plays no role, or that we should ignore the plain meaning of words.

that’s really one of the things that social sciences have triumphed in doing: explaining that within certain boundaries, rationalities lie behind what at first looks like mere craziness or barbarity. Just calling behavior craziness is a trap that a lot of ISIS-watchers have fallen into. If you see members of the Islamic State as thrill-kill nihilists, then you’re not giving them enough credit.

There’s also a deep urge to deny agency to the Islamic State, and I think it’s fundamentally connected to a reluctance to see non-Western people as fully developed and capable of having intelligent beliefs and enough self-knowledge to express them. These people articulate well-thought-out reasons for what they do. And yet ignoring what they say somehow gets camouflaged in the minds of liberals as speaking up for them. It’s delusional.

although the Islamic State wants a civilizational war, of Muslims versus Crusaders, I think they’re consciously avoiding terrorist attacks on Western targets that would provoke too strong a response too soon. If they bombed the Super Bowl, they’d probably be looking at a ground invasion within weeks. They want the invasion, but on their own schedule.

I think we might be in a situation analogous to seeing someone writhing around on the ground in front of us, showing every symptom of having appendicitis. But instead of being surgeons, armed with sterile scalpels, we are just laymen who once read a first aid manual and have no tools other than a rusty soup can. There’s no good option, even though we recognize the problem. The overwhelming probability is that the patient will die a terrible death, and we will have to watch.

it’s abundantly clear that we are not good at massive occupations of countries we poorly understand. Not only that, we just don’t have the appetite for it.

The point of all propaganda is to create narratives about the world. Their view—and the view of jihadis everywhere, really—is that Muslims are under attack by a Crusader West.

confirm their narrative for other Muslims who are already inclined to believe that the West is at war with Islam. That’s not a view I would like to encourage.

The idea is that if we don’t walk on eggshells until the end of history as we fight jihadis, taking great pains to deny any link between the chaos they cause and the doctrine of Islam, then we’re doomed to provoke more-mainstream Muslims into choosing the wrong side in this conflict.

One of the things that is so refreshing about your article is that you didn’t do that. But you now seem to be saying that we must be very careful not to do anything that could give fodder to a “clash of civilizations” narrative.

The Islamic State leader identifies as Salafi, which means that he takes as his sources of authority the Qur’an, the hadīth of the Prophet Muhammad, and the actions of the generations immediately succeeding Muhammad.

The percentage of the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims who identify as Salafi—who subscribe to this literalist version of Islam—is quite small, probably single-digit. The percentage of Salafis who would identify as jihadis is vanishingly small. And then, of course, within that population a lot are going to be noncombatants because they’re too old, or too young, or whatever. So we’re still talking about large, but perhaps now manageable, numbers.

The point of bringing up this quietist group is to say that the problem isn’t Islam, or even Islamic literalism. Most literalist Muslims are essentially harmless, or even better than harmless—nice people you would like to have as neighbors. So the specificity of interpretation that leads to the Islamic State is really quite narrow.

What you seem to be expressing is a fear that there could be a mass changing of sides based on some secret sympathy, or some susceptibility to moral confusion, even in the face of the clearest case for a just war that may have ever existed. Whatever the underlying causes of this form of jihadism, at the end of the day we have pure, fanatical, implacable evil vs. basic human sanity.

in the face of the clearest case for a just war that may have ever existed. Whatever the underlying causes of this form of jihadism, at the end of the day we have pure, fanatical, implacable evil vs. basic human sanity.

The Salafi neighbor may not be the neighbor you’d choose, if you could pick from a menu of atheists and liberals and, more generally, people who didn’t care what you thought about god.

there are many religious people whose beliefs about a far-off apocalyptic battle, and mass conversion at the sword, do not affect their lives much at all. People are good at compartmentalizing, and if they weren’t, the world would hardly be livable.

it is a lack of meaning or fulfillment in their lives, related to deep malaise and feelings of rejection or dissatisfaction with the worlds where they live.

If you think the high point of your life in England is going to be eating KFC, the promise of joining the greatest battle the world has ever known might be pretty attractive.

many of us experience such existential concerns early in life.

Where are your scholars?

huge numbers of scholars have been co-opted by politics—either the politics of the Middle East or the politics of the United States.

These differences between the palace scholars and ISIS seem minor, but I would encourage you to see them as significant.

I try studiously not to take a position on which one of these views is correct. I just don’t have any credibility as a non-Muslim to say whether one scholar or another espouses the best form of Islam. However, if I were able to choose what people believed, I’d hope it was the caliphate-later view.

Of course, there are Christians who think about the end times, which are also not envisioned as very pleasant. If you ask them, “Is it happening now?” some of them will say yes. But very few of them will act as if they actually believe it’s happening now. If they’re envisioning a terrible bloodbath at some unimaginably distant time, I can live with that.
illusion  debate  to:marginnote  islam  warrior  middle-east  religion  war  crisis  terrorism  explained  interview  muslim  from instapaper
february 2017 by aries1988
Lunch with the FT: Shi Yongxin
For those who denounce him through the Chinese internet, the abbot’s initiatives are a sad reflection of society’s crude materialism in a country where, in the past few decades, the crumbling of communist ideology and the rush for wealth have left a spiritual and moral vacuum.

Buddhism is the dominant religion in China, with as many as 300m believers across the country. Like other forms of Buddhism, Zen emphasises letting go of worldly cares and working towards enlightenment through meditation and practice of the Buddha’s teachings, which include a ban on harming any sentient beings. As its home, and the centrepiece of many kung fu novels and films, the Shaolin Temple has become an integral part of Chinese popular culture. In fact, it is probably one of the most famous global brands to have come out of China in any industry, thanks in no small part to the abbot, whom Chinese media have dubbed the “CEO monk”.

He explains that this subservience of religion to the state has always existed in China and in many other countries as well.

More than once he mentions the fact that he and each of his monks live a plain existence, normally surviving on just Rmb 7 (70p) per day.

“We wish everyone could lead a simple life like us monks and not chase after famous brands and luxury lifestyles in the way the awful nouveau riche in our country do.”
interview  story  shaolin  china  history 
february 2017 by aries1988
NATO on Twitter
“[VIDEO] Female tank commander from #Norway https://t.co/h1sBY6ZX1A”
nato  russia  tank  interview  norge 
february 2017 by aries1988
I will survive

Survivalism has a long history in America. The early settlers were survivalists, though they did not use the term. They built their own houses, grew their own food and filled their stores with whatever supplies they could, knowing that failure to do so might be fatal. The pioneers who trekked out West in the 19th century expected to meet hardship and danger. Those who went well armed and well prepared were more likely to survive.

Roughly four in ten expect Jesus to return by 2050, and although the Book of Revelation is hardly crystal clear about the details, many think the Second Coming will be preceded by a Great Tribulation involving earthquakes, floods, famine, the rise of the Antichrist and the death of most of humanity.

To keep inventories low and cut costs, companies have come to rely on just-in-time delivery. If a disaster were to disrupt all this, people could quickly find themselves without diabetes drugs, oxygen for respirators and spare parts for more or less everything.
disaster  interview  home  diy  survive  american  from instapaper
january 2017 by aries1988
Edouard Louis : « Trump et le FN sont le produit de l’exclusion »

Quand j’arrive à Amiens, je suis entouré de lycéens d’un autre milieu social que le mien, plus riches, plus décontractés. Ce sont eux qui commencent à m’appeler Edouard – pour eux, « Eddy » ne peut être qu’un diminutif. Au début je résiste.

Puis je comprends que ce prénom peut réaliser l’écart que je cherche par rapport à l’enfant que j’ai été. Qu’il peut être le lieu de la ré-invention. Un nom est aussi une histoire, et chaque fois que j’entendais « Eddy », j’entendais « pauvre », « pédé ». C’est comme ça que ça commence. Par le prénom.

Je leur avais dit que désormais, je m’appelais Edouard, et ça se passait très mal. « Eddy », c’est le nom que m’a donné mon père : j’étais son premier fils, et il était fou des films et des séries américaines – de l’Amérique en général. Un autre souvenir, un des plus forts de ma vie : je dois être en CM1, je rentre de l’école. Mon père est devant la télé, on est le 11 septembre 2001 et je vois les tours jumelles en flammes. Et mon père pleure, pleure – lui qui ne voulait jamais pleurer parce qu’il était un homme… Il a pleuré pendant des jours, il avait l’impression que c’était son monde qui s’effondrait. Alors abandonner Eddy pour m’appeler Edouard, c’était très violent pour eux. C’était laisser tout ça derrière moi.

c’est une condition de la littérature : aussitôt que vous écrivez sur les gens, ils ne se reconnaissent pas dans ce que vous dites, parce que la littérature vise justement à opérer un décalage par rapport à la réalité immédiatement perceptible.

Trump, le Brexit, le FN, tout ça est le produit d’un même phénomène : l’exclusion. Une grande partie de ceux que j’ai côtoyés dans mon enfance votent aujourd’hui pour le FN, et quand ils le font, ils disent : « C’est parce que Le Pen est la seule à parler de nous. » Le vote pour Trump et le FN est comme une tentative désespérée pour exister dans le regard des autres. Si la politique ne se transforme pas, si les exclus se sentent encore plus exclus parce que personne ne parle d’eux, si une large partie de la littérature continue à s’intéresser seulement à la bourgeoisie blanche, ce phénomène s’amplifiera.
interview  français  literature  writer  family  politics  lgbt  from instapaper
january 2017 by aries1988
Author’s Vision of a Future Beijing Looks to China’s Present - The New York Times
I think now is a time of free thought if you look across the broader picture of thousands of years of Chinese history. Thirty years ago, culture and tradition were shattered during the Cultural Revolution. Our generation doesn’t have the same connection to past traditions, and we’ve absorbed so much from Western culture, which is popular.

That has advantages and disadvantages. The bad side is that foreign culture doesn’t have its roots in China, so no matter how much we learn about it, it’s not ours. We don’t know much about traditional culture, which means we are lost. The good side is that we don’t have traditional burdens and are eager to learn unfamiliar things. It’s a time full of uncertainty and potential, and nobody knows where we’re heading.
interview  scifi  chinese 
november 2016 by aries1988
Lunch with the FT: Pokémon Go creator John Hanke

Despite the game’s initially chaotic impact, Hanke still insists there is an opportunity for local authorities to use Pokémon Go to light up neglected nature spots. The sad thing is we have a lot of great parks that people just don’t use because everybody just goes home and puts on the TV and shuts their front doors, he says. We want to pull people back out into public spaces. Some might even volunteer to clean up after themselves, he suggests optimistically.

The takeaway for me was just seeing people can be incredibly happy in the situation of extreme poverty and lack of development, he recalls. There’s this quiet happiness about the people that live in Burma.
interview  PokemonGO  game  ar  device  opinion  technology  daily  from instapaper
november 2016 by aries1988
Battling for influence — Hu Xijin, editor-in-chief, Global Times
Few people in China have shaped debate on foreign affairs like the 56-year-old Mr Hu. For 11 years he has been editor-in-chief of the Global Times, a daily mix ofinternational news, military fan club and shrill commentary that has become the main window on the world for many Chinese. Mr Hu combines a boyish fascination with wars and weapons with a scorched-earth argumentative approach. That has won him as many enemies among China’s western-leaning “rightists” as friends on the ascendant left.

The Global Times is predictable in its world view: America wants to keep China down, Japan today is no different from the warmongering invader of the 1930s, other Asian countries are US puppets, Russia is a much-maligned partner in fending off the world-conquering ambitions of the US and Nato. Popular democracy is a disaster.

Tempering this incendiary mix is an ambition to make international news understandable and relevant.

“People used to see foreign affairs as something for the intelligentsia. Now, anything that happens in the world is related to China,” Mr Hu says. “Foreigners should understand the views of Chinese society to reduce the chance of misreading China. Chinese are unsatisfied, and it is our right to be heard.”
china  newspaper  journalism  nationalism  interview 
november 2016 by aries1988
Why Singapore’s kids are so good at maths

Aiming to move away from simple rote-learning and to focus instead on teaching children how to problem solve, the textbooks the group produced were influenced by educational psychologists such as the American Jerome Bruner, who posited that people learn in three stages: by using real objects, then pictures, and then through symbols. That theory contributed to Singapore’s strong emphasis on modelling mathematical problems with visual aids; using coloured blocks to represent fractions or ratios, for example.

A switch from an ability-based model of individualised learning, to a model [which says that] all children are capable of anything, depending on how it is presented to them and the effort which they put into learning it.

unlike Singapore’s office buildings, which are so deeply chilled by air conditioning that workers regularly wrap themselves in sweaters, the classrooms are open to the tropical humidity. Ceiling fans stir the air and the chatter of other children sometimes drifts through the open windows.

Meritocracy is an element of the glue that binds Singapore together. Alongside the promise of shared prosperity and security, the idea that the brightest can rise to the top is a component of the political bargain that the city-state has struck with its citizens, under which some political freedoms are restricted in exchange for significant material benefits.

Singaporeans frequently use the Hokkien Chinese word kiasu to describe themselves. The term translates as being afraid to lose out
investigation  interview  singapore  asia  education  children  learn  methodology  comparison  uk  crisis  world  future  creativity  debate  society  history  reportage  from instapaper
july 2016 by aries1988
Lunch with the FT: Xavier Niel — FT.com
Niel is almost as much a French Citizen Kane as a Steve Jobs. He also backs the investigative website Mediapart, which exposed Cahuzac. Why fund media? “I like having a free press.” I start to say, “A businessman who buys France’s most powerful paper because he believes in …” but Niel interrupts: “I finance newspapers of the right and the left.”

He also invests in two new start-ups a week, he says. “It’s more profitable than playing the lottery, and much more fun.” Anyway, he explains, he wants to give money away. “I wasn’t born with much and the day I die, money won’t be much use to me. Why leave my children such responsibility? Why take from them all desire to have a life? They have enough for what they want. The rest I’d like to redistribute.” Incidentally, he notes: “I don’t think Steve Jobs had much desire to share his fortune.”
interview  français  entrepreneurial  leader  internet 
may 2016 by aries1988
CFD访谈(一):看OpenFOAM创始人Henry Weller论CFD!-CFD界-微头条(wtoutiao.com)
当然了,FORTRAN不能做这些。不过FORTRAN-90有一些面向对象的能力,但是它完全没有泛型编程的功能,据我所知,FORTRAN以后亦不会添加泛型编程的概念。基本上,我个人认为FORTRAN语言快要废了,在1960年那时候就应该埋在土里了。目前使用FORTRAN的人大部分是由于历史原因,只为了新代码能和非常久远的代码兼容。
 
FORTRAN和C++都因为“向下兼容”而有一些致命的缺点。FORTRAN为了和FORTRAN-77兼容,C++为了和ANSI C兼容。然而最大的区别是,ANSI C本身就是一个非常好的语言,FORTRAN可不是。

在未来,我希望C++被一个更干净、简单、有力的语言代替,这个语言需要支持泛型编程,这对OpenFOAM以及其他相类似的代码非常重要。我一直关注编程语言的发展,我认为C++的可能的代替品有Nim,Rust以及Chapel,然而目前这些语言缺少一些我需要的必要功能,添加这些功能,比如C++中的高度的泛型编程概念,可能需要很多年。我希望他们在若干年后添加这些特性。同时,C++的缺陷需要妥善处理。在C++17中,我希望“概念”(concept)和“模块”(module)特性会被加入,所有的C++编程人员都会受益。
cfd  interview  ofm 
may 2016 by aries1988
Lunch with the FT: Susan Wojcicki - FT.com
She recalls the moment in 2005 when she realised there was a business in homemade videos. There were these kids singing in a dorm room to the Backstreet Boys and they were in China. And there was their roommate in the background doing his homework and it . . . was [YouTube’s] first big hit and I could just see, wow, other people really wanted to watch this.
youtube  internet  interview  from instapaper
may 2016 by aries1988
Ellen Langer — Science of Mindlessness and Mindfulness
Social psychologist Ellen Langer defines mindfulness with counterintuitive simplicity: the simple act of actively noticing things — with a result of increased health, competence, and happiness.
mind  placebo  brain  body  interview 
september 2015 by aries1988
Lunch with the FT: Thomas Piketty - FT.com
Germany and France, that benefited from debt cancellations after the second world war: a move that allowed 30 years of growth on the continent. “There’s some sort of collective amnesia,” he says, getting more animated. “It is this cancellation that allowed them to invest in education, innovation and public infrastructure. And now, those same countries tell Greece that it will have to pay 4 per cent of its GDP for 30 years. Who can believe this?

A 90 per cent tax rate would not bother me,” he says. “There would still be a lot left, since we’re talking about several millions. I benefited from an education system, public infrastructure. I got lucky, too . . . This idea that Bill Gates invented the computer alone, it’s a joke. Without computer sciences researchers who did not patent their work, who would have invented it?
interview  economy  economist  europe 
august 2015 by aries1988
Seth Brown's Writer Workflow
Mark Twain said that work and play are two words that describe the same thing under different conditions—I feel extremely lucky to be able to agree with him.

If I get stuck while writing, I use a few techniques to help me. Sometimes I start working on another project for a few days then go back to writing. Switching working environments and input devices can help. I move from working on the computer at my standing desk to an iPad on a chase. If I get stuck more than once or twice while working on a piece, it's usually a sign that my original ideas are flawed.
workflow  explained  interview  productivity  vim  writing  blog  work  home  tool  from instapaper
august 2015 by aries1988
Brand Maria Sharapova - FT.com
Apart from a brief chat in the dressing room and the handshake after the match, tennis requires little contact between players.

Why the discrepancy? The obvious answer is that she is a very attractive girl, that she is marketable and has done a lot of winning, replies Eisenbud. The real answer, however, is that she is very savvy, she is a very smart businesswoman — and she understands return on investment. She understands that if Porsche or Evian are paying her a lot of money, the only way that money will keep on flowing is if she helps them with their goals and objectives.
interview  sports  female  money  from instapaper
may 2015 by aries1988
【果壳网专访】托马斯·托尔汉姆和他的“大米理论” | 科学人 | 果壳网 科技有意思
果壳网:你在中国居住了许多年,也许要目睹了一代中国年轻人的成长。作为一个科学家,你有什么向对果壳网上同样对科学充满好奇的年轻人说吗? 托尔汉姆:天啊,这可是个大问题。我一直很好奇一件事,中国存在着如此巨大的文化差异,而中国人也很清楚这些差异的存在,为什么之前从没有人系统地研究它们?我觉得,答案在于许多中国人认为“科学”无关日常生活。人们总觉得科学只关乎细胞、原子和化学试剂。但如果我们采取科学的态度去观察我们日常生活中的种种事物,我们将能够学到很多很多。所以,不要害怕去探索你在生活中发现的细微差别——我所观察到的差别就上了《科学》封面呢。
interview  china  society 
may 2015 by aries1988
What Russians really think - FT.com
May 9 highlights the chasm that has opened between Russia’s view of itself and perceptions elsewhere. While many European countries mark the day with Holocaust commemorations and appeals for peace and international understanding, the Russian emphasis is on military glory and the Red Army’s role in liberating Europe.

Rationally I think the Lithuanians have the right to establish their own identity and have their own views on this, but I wanted to say: ‘No, no, don’t talk so bad about the Soviet Union!

The Baltics had very little industry before the Soviet Union — we gave them everything. But now they are throwing it away.

any kind of reappraisal of wartime history is politically difficult because the conventional version has become so central to Russian national identity. Of course, they want to preserve the victory narrative and the perspective that the Soviet Union acted to the benefit of its neighbours, but you have to have a dialogue about these things

Stalin was our wartime leader, and for every Russian the second world war is an issue so close to the heart because every family lost someone in that war.
reportage  russia  people  interview  history  narrative  mentality  europe  2015  from instapaper
april 2015 by aries1988
The Lucy Kellaway Interview: Bear Grylls - FT.com
What might be more relevant to telly viewers is programmes that told them how to survive on the minimum wage, deal with ugly divorces, dementia and that sort of thing.
manhood  adventure  nature  animal  interview  from instapaper
march 2015 by aries1988
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