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The Power of Reading Books in WorkFlowy
I’ve read over a dozen books in WorkFlowy so far. But why ? Why in blue blazes would I do that? Simple, really: For the unparalleled flexibility WorkFlowy gives…
reading  notes  software  from instapaper
3 days ago
利器访谈:宝婷,记者、撰稿人、「不可理论」发起人 - 利器
Panasonic Lumix GF1:现在日常都是手机拍照了,旅行时才会带上这部微单相机。我买它的时候,GF 系列好像已经出到 GF5,GF5 的官配饼干头是 14mm/F2.5,远不如 GF1 的 20mm/F1.7 的定焦头。微博和豆瓣上一位曾在日本留学、画插画的小姐姐@林竹也是用的这部机器,样片可以在她的豆瓣相册看到,我的豆瓣相册里也有一些。当时还在香港读书的我,在二手买卖论坛找到卖家,花了 3800 港币入手了 95 新的 GF1。品相确实几乎全新,还配有多一块原装电池。续航能力也很棒,在巴黎旅行时每天拍大量艺术品,连续拍了 5、6 天,才用光一块电池的电量。它也非常适合拍人物。
podcast  writing  camera  from instapaper
10 days ago
Why Are Americans Still Uncomfortable with Atheism?

Lack of belief in God is still too often taken to mean the absence of any other meaningful moral beliefs, and that has made atheists an easy minority to revile. This is especially true in America, where an insistence on the idea that we are a Christian nation has tied patriotism to religiosity, leading to such strange paroxysms as the one produced by President Trump at last year’s Values Voter Summit: “In America, we don’t worship government—we worship God.”

the national prejudice against them long predates Daniel Seeger and his draft board. It has its roots both in the intellectual history of the country and in a persistent anti-intellectual impulse: the widespread failure to consider what it is that unbelievers actually believe.

From John Locke they inherited the idea that atheists cannot be good citizens and should not be brought into the social contract; in “A Letter Concerning Toleration,” Locke had written, “Those are not at all to be tolerated who deny the being of a God.”

Two centuries after the Founders wrote a godless constitution, the federal government got religion: between 1953 and 1957, a prayer breakfast appeared on the White House calendar, a prayer room opened in the Capitol, “In God We Trust” was added to all currency, and “under God” was inserted into the Pledge of Allegiance.

Like saying “God bless you” when someone sneezes, the courts concluded, these “under God”s and “In God We Trust”s are innocuous; they belong to the realm of patriotism, not prayer.

Much of the animosity and opprobrium directed at nonbelievers in America comes from the suspicion that those who do not believe in God could not possibly believe in anything else, moral or otherwise.

Unlike the linguist—and new atheist—Steven Pinker, Gray regards the idea that the world is getting better as self-evidently silly. “The cumulative increase of knowledge in science has no parallel in ethics or politics,” he points out. Religions are still thriving, as are wars between them, and secular regimes have wrought as much, if not more, havoc under the auspices of Jacobinism, Bolshevism, Nazism, and Maoism.
religion  law  usa  american  mentality  politics  atheism  from instapaper
16 days ago
陈乐民:此“封建”非彼“封建”_爱思想

改革开放后,有人提出我们反封建主义不彻底;这话说得一点儿不错。但这个“封建主义”必须指更加祸害严重的专制主义。因为中国历史在先秦封建之后是一以贯之的皇权专制制度,它的流毒影响才是我国政治文明身上的病灶,只一般说反封建主义容易打马虎眼;因为在我们一般人的了解,最容易的是把那些落后的风俗习惯称作“封建”,是很“泛化”的,如父母包办婚姻、上坟烧纸等等,不知不觉地“淡化”了专制的根本主题。

中国自身根本没有那么一个为近代作准备的“中世纪”。这个问题涉及中国历史上有没有“资本主义萌芽”的问题,我认为是没有的。
middle-age  fengjian  china  history  from instapaper
19 days ago
何谓“欧洲文明”?

陈乐民、周弘认为,促进欧洲社会发展和进步的文明,主要是指:以求真善美的希腊思想为源头的哲学、伦理学和美学;重视社会效能的政治学、经济学、法学;凝合人生、人性、人格至善本性的基督教精神;探索宇宙,改造自然,造福人类的科学实践。

马克思在分析希腊和罗马建立殖民地根源时非常精辟的一段论述:“在古代国家,在希腊和罗马,采取周期性地建立殖民地形式的强迫移民是社会制度的一个固定环节。这两个国家的整个制度都是建立在人口的一定限度上的,超过这个限度,古代文明就有毁灭的危险。……由于生产力不够发展,公民权要由一种不可违反的一定数量对比关系来决定。那时,惟一的出路就是强迫移民。”这种贸易和殖民的过程,也是希腊人开始走向文明的过程。
LOL

西欧文明之所以有深厚、持久的历史文化传统和创造性活力,其根本原因在于:西欧进入文明社会以来,在特定历史条件下,它经历了约两千五百年的奴隶制社会,一千多年的封建制社会,近四百年的资本主义社会,这些社会形态及其历史阶段都得到比较充分的发展,而且西欧文明在各历史阶段,又善于从周边的诸多外部文明中吸纳、摄取优秀文化成果,才使自身得以发展、壮大。
FRD Norbert Elias

刘文明认为,“文明”观念在欧洲经历了一个演变过程,它源于中世纪宫廷社会的“宫廷礼仪”,经文艺复兴时期的“礼貌”,最终于18世纪中叶出现“文明”这一名词,到19世纪发展成为具有“现代”意涵的“文明”概念。在这一过程中,通过自诩为“文明”群体的“自我”与被贬低为“野蛮”群体的“他者”之间的互动,欧洲人对“文明”的认知及自我“文明”的认同得到强化,并将“文明阶梯”的空间序列时间化,以欧洲经验为基础的“文明”概念被建构起来。
2000s  book  academia  chinese  europe  civ  origin  debate  greek  emigration  antiquity  from instapaper
19 days ago
Jared Diamond: ‘Humans, 150,000 years ago, wouldn’t figure on a list of the five most interesting species on Earth’

It was a painful thought for someone who recalled being told, by an admiring teacher at his Massachusetts school, that one day he would “unify the sciences and humanities”. Clearly, he needed a larger canvas. Even so, few could have predicted how large a canvas he would choose.

1997’s Guns, Germs and Steel – which ask the most sweeping questions it is possible to ask about human history.

Diamond, who describes himself as a biogeographer, answers them in translucent prose that has the effect of making the world seem to click into place, each fact assuming its place in an elegant arc of pan-historical reasoning.

Why? Because 8,000 years ago – to borrow from Guns, Germs and Steel – the geography of Europe and the Middle East made it easier to farm crops and animals there than elsewhere.

vicious jousting between Diamond and many anthropologists. They condemn him as a cultural imperialist, intent on excusing the horrors of colonialism while asserting the moral superiority of the west.

In person, Diamond is a fastidiously courteous 77-year-old with a Quaker-style beard sans moustache, and archaic New England vowels: “often” becomes “orphan”, “area” becomes “eerier”. There’s no computer: despite his children’s best efforts, he admits he’s never learned to use one.

What changed, Diamond argues, was a seemingly minor set of mutations in our larynxes, permitting control over spoken sounds, and thus spoken language; spoken language permitted much of the rest.

It won a Pulitzer prize and has sold more than 1.5m copies in 36 languages. Mitt Romney quoted it admiringly in his 2012 presidential campaign, garbling its message entirely.

he found himself accused of “geographic determinism”: in his critics’ opinion, his arguments squeeze out any role for human agency and decision-making, thereby sparing history’s colonisers – and today’s elites – any responsibility for having created our grotesquely unjust world.

Each of the two books has the unusual distinction of having another book dedicated largely to demolishing it: Yali’s Question, which offers a different answer from Diamond’s New Guinean acquaintance, and Questioning Collapse, which calls the Easter Island “ecocide” a myth.

Whenever I hear the phrase ‘geographic determinism’,” he says, “I know I’m about to waste time discussing with someone who has no right to be discussing [how human societies developed]. Because the fact is that geography has a strong influence on humans. It doesn’t determine everything, but it has a strong influence
bio  book  leader  human  development  inequality  world  history  biology  environment  debate  theory  geography  opinion  from instapaper
20 days ago
‘Why Nations Fail’

the geography hypothesis

our revisionist take on the Neolithic Revolution, based on the idea that sedentary life and social complexity came before farming, suffers from a complete absence of evidence when in fact it is now the conventional wisdom amongst archaeologists.

Diamond suggests that, by eschewing geographic determinism, our theory is as if institutions appeared randomly.

our book explains how institutional variation today is largely a systematic outcome of historical processes

characteristics of diamonds and oil notoriously promote corruption and civil wars more than do characteristics of iron and timber.

Although their letter describes institutional variation today as a systematic outcome of historical processes, much of their book is actually devoted to relating story after story purportedly explaining how institutional variation developed unsystematically and at random, as a result of particular events happening in particular places at critical junctures.

cannot account for differences in prosperity today, which are huge within Eurasia

Acemoglu and Robinson are correct that the timing of the Neolithic Revolution doesn’t account for prosperity differences within Eurasia today;
theory  debate  inequality  world  economy  from instapaper
21 days ago
Release the Khashoggi Tapes
The soundtrack to Jamal Khashoggi’s beating, vivisection, and murder lasts just seven minutes, according to Turkish officials who spoke anonymously to several…
from instapaper
28 days ago
余晨: 我们为什么走到这一步-虎嗅网
第三本可能会虚一点,和大家的工作没什么太大关系。但我认为人总是要读一点没什么用的书,就像之前朱老师讲的,在阅读中构建一个属于自己的平行世界,也就是我们自己的栖身之所。这本书是金观涛、刘青峰两位老师写的。

第二点是因为这本书讲的是一种大历史。在今天后现代主义时期,我们大家的思想越来越多元化、越来越不确定性、越来越主观性、越来越碎片化,在今天这种后现代思潮的影响下,大多数人不敢去讲大理论、大历史,也不敢去讲所谓的元叙事,还有所谓的宏大叙事(meta-narrative),大家都认为所谓一统天下的大理论在某种程度上是扼杀自由的。

在中国上学的人,多多少少都有一点唯物主义的历史观。我们都会觉得底层的经济基础决定了所谓的上层建筑,你有什么样的经济制度,就有什么样的文化,什么样的政治,这是一个典型的科学革命以后唯物主义还原论的想法。我们可以把所有的上层建筑还原成所谓的经济活动,它当然有一定的道理,但这样的描述一定是不完备的。

《中国思想史十讲》的一个假设是,人类历史进程中的思想发展非常重要。用柯林伍德话来讲,“一切历史都是思想史”,思想史也反过来决定了经济基础和下层结构。这本书的另一个角度,它从一个宏大的历史角度追溯先秦的轴心文明。
book  reading  from instapaper
29 days ago
Stretch Genes

the genomes of various human beings fall into several reasonably well-defined clusters when analyzed statistically, and these clusters generally correspond to continent of origin. In this statistical sense, races are real.

To Wade, the implications are big. While behavioral differences among races would surely be subtle, they can, he insists, become amplified at the level of entire societies. Slight differences in behavioral predisposition—to cooperation, aggression, trust, propensity to follow rules, and so on—probably pushed different races in directions that led to different social institutions. Indeed the seeds of difference between the world’s great civilizations were perhaps present from the first settlements.

the evolutionary psychologist Steven Pinker. (Evolutionary psychologists, while acknowledging that human behavior has a partly genetic basis, generally assume that all people share the same predispositions. They then try to explain these human universals.)

This sends Wade into paroxysms of righteous indignation and he declares that whether or not a thesis might be politically incendiary should have no bearing on the estimate of its scientific validity. What Wade doesn’t tell you is that this is what Pinker himself says in his very next sentence: The fact that a hypothesis is politically uncomfortable does not mean that it is false, but it does mean that we should consider the evidence very carefully before concluding that it is true.
book  critic  gene  human  race  biology  political  opinion  debate  society  evolution  racism  from instapaper
4 weeks ago
梁文道:中國用不着窗口
为什么中央要这么做?难道他们不怕这个行动会在西方媒体和政界留下一个坏印象,让全世界更加相信「香港已死」的说法?难道他们没有想过在新冷战开打的今天,香港可以再度扮演国家对外窗口的角色吗?答案其实很简单,他们还真的不怕,而且也根本用不着香港再去做什么窗口了。

中国在这场新冷战早就做好了最坏打算,完全可以走上一条和西方对决的道路,同时以此对内激励民心,让他们知道未来几年的苦日子全是西方人搞鬼,从而凝聚向心力和稳定合法性。再大不了,也只是重新闭关锁国,靠着自己内部庞大的市场和政府在民间汲取的资源熬过去。而且别忘了中国早非吴下阿蒙,尽管「一带一路」陆续传来受挫的消息,但它无论如何也太不可能在国际上被彻底孤立到当年只能依靠香港的地步。
hongkong  diplomacy  future  from instapaper
4 weeks ago
Three Theories on Jamal Khashoggi’s Fate

Why the bone saw, a piece of specialized surgical equipment? As a former butcher I can assure you that a saw from Home Depot will hack apart a mammal just as effectively, and is cheaper and much easier to explain

These official sources all portray the killing as cold-blooded (“like Pulp Fiction,” said one cinephile source), with every detail planned, to maximum psychopathic effect.

To drop Khashoggi to the floor in the first place, he said, would be easy. A big dose of ketamine—the club drug Special K, administered with the jab of a needle—would do the job. (There’s Pulp Fiction again.) Pediatric patients who threw tantrums on the way to the operating room, he said, used to get sedated unceremoniously in just such a fashion. Once he was out, they could give him an intravenous sedative, such as a benzodiazepine, and Khashoggi would be unconscious as long as they pleased.
from instapaper
4 weeks ago
陈浩武:两个美国人与日本的两部宪法——日本明治维新150周年研讨会(2)
《明治宪法》的核心,是确立了天皇在日本政治权力中的核心地位,有极强的帝国特色。按照秦晖教授的观点,这是从“周制”走向“秦制”。秦老师所说的“周制”,是指的诸侯分封制;而“秦制”则是大一统的极权专制。1875年,木户孝允、大久保利通和伊藤博文在大阪举行了立宪会议,会议决定设立贵族组成的元老院,由元老院提供提案,授予天皇至高无上的绝对权力。按照历史学家的说法:比罗马元老院授予尼禄、凯撒和奥古斯都的权力还要绝对。正是普鲁士宪法中的强烈国家主义倾向,给日本未来的发展留下了潜在的专制政治病毒。

麦克阿瑟将军在给宪法起草小组的信件中,明确提出制宪三项原则:
第一,天皇处于国家元首地位,世袭,但天皇仅仅为国家的象征存在,天皇的职务和权能基于宪法行使;
第二,废止作为国家主权的战争权力,不批准成立日本陆海空军,日本军队不授予交战权;
第三,日本封建制度将终结,贵族的权利除天皇外,以现存一代为限,华族不再享有国民之外的政治权力,预算模式仿照英国。

1946年元旦,天皇发表《人间宣言》,在这个宣言中,天皇表示:
“维系朕与国民之纽带,为相互信赖与仲爱,非以野史神话为凭,亦非植根于天皇即神及日本民族优于异族而命定统治世界之虚伪观念”。
constitution  japan  american  history  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
马勇:近代中日两国师生关系的转换——日本明治维新150周年研讨会(1)
中国通过战争失败打开国门和日本通过谈判打开国门对两国国民的心情造成了明显的差异,也带来了明显差异的结果。我过去讲中国人在接下来的170多年当中一直都处在失败的阴影中,而日本则没有这种影响。

光绪皇帝在1898年7月,派黄遵宪出使日本,黄遵宪被正式任命为驻日公使。他给黄遵宪交代了两个事情,第一个,能不能跟日本谈一谈,给日本天皇授个勋,看天皇能不能接受;第二个是能不能考虑“中日合邦”,这个思想、想法是非常伟大的,这个思想之后,中国学者和日本学者包括政治家学者又提出一个亚洲主义,后来叫大亚洲主义,这个思想的伟大性在哪儿,就是区域整合。我们看到欧盟后来整合,可以看到它的思想的渊源,就是光绪皇帝在1898年讲的中日合邦。
from instapaper
5 weeks ago
荣剑:明治维新的正途与歧途——日本明治维新150周年研讨会(3)
简单地说,日本是持进化的历史观,他们每走完一段路,就把过去的历史一页翻过去了;中国还是持一个循环的历史观,每过了几十年甚至上百年还会再回过头来重新走历史走过的路。 今…
from instapaper
5 weeks ago
Naomi Osaka, a New Governor and Me

When we moved back to California two years later, I entered fourth grade and suddenly, I was the Asian kid. Ching chong chang chong ching! boys chanted on the playground, tugging at the corners of their eyes. Classmates scrunched their noses at the onigiri — rice balls wrapped in dried seaweed — that my mother packed in my lunch bag. When our teacher mentioned Japan during a social studies lesson, every head in the class swiveled to stare at me.

Here we are known as hafu, which comes from the English word half, and our existence challenges the strain in Japanese society that conflates national identity with pure-blooded ethnicity.

Ms. Osaka delivered the best possible reply: I’m just me.

When I have been reserved or less assertive than people think a situation calls for, they have attributed it to my Japanese side.

when colleagues have mistaken me for another Asian employee in the newsroom, I realize some people still instinctively want to pigeonhole me as one, but not both.
japan  japanese  identity  gaijin  anecdote  society  self  conflict  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
当“无神论”的儒家遭遇“一神教”的基督教:中西文化之间的普世价值与多元主义

一神论的出现在宗教上导致过排他性,专断性。但是,一神论在人类认识发展史上导致了一种非常积极的成果,这就是对真理的无限向往和热烈追求。因为把所有的真理都归结为一个上帝,所以避免了认识上的混乱和相对。理性受信仰的支持而进步,而信仰也因理性的论证而稳定。
christianity  confucianism  ming  conflict  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
专访余英时:中国现代学术“典范”的建立

在《余英时作品系列总序》中,余英时先生自陈:“我的专业是十九世纪以前的中国史,就已发表的专题论述而言,大致上起春秋、战国,下迄清代中期,所涉及的方面也很宽广:包括社会史、文化史、思想史、政治史、中外关系史汉代等。”但诚如其所言,他涉猎广泛的研究也不是无的放矢,“我自早年进入史学领域之后,便有一个构想,即在西方(主要是西欧)文化系统对照之下,怎样去认识中国文化传统的特色。”

微观相当于考证,即对于具体历史事实做最彻底的考察和阐释,但这样的工作往往只见个树木而不见森林。因此在历史研究中,宏观绝不可少。宏观相当于孟子所谓“观其大”,其涵义比宋学所谓“义理”要丰富得多,这是“见森林”的必经之路。但“见森林”又不能不看清楚林中一颗颗的树,否则便不免如傅斯年的名言所说,可能将天际浮云当作森林了。

有关我研究中国史的构想所在,简略概括:在西方现代文化及其发展出来的普世价值挑战之下,我们怎样才能认识中国传统文化的特色?我认为只有抓住了它的特色,我们才能够认识中、西文化的异同,并进一步追问,中国文化中有哪些成分和现代普世价值是互相冲突的?哪些是可以互相呼应的?

我研究中国史特别选择变革时代的独特动态。因为这种独特动态最能显示出精神价值的流变。

已故陈荣捷先生毕生在美国介绍中国哲学和思想。他曾说,如果用一个词字来概括全部中国哲学史的话,那个字便是“人文主义”。这句话在西方已被普遍地接受了。陈先生的人文主义当然是指中国文化对“人”的尊重,尤以儒家为最显著。孔子的“仁”便是“人道”,孟子强调人性善,又特别提醒“人之异于禽兽”,更是把人的尊严提升到最高的地位。所以“天地之性人为贵”成为中国人的共同信仰。稍稍认识西方近代文化史的人都知道,“人文主义”兴起于文艺复兴时期的意大利,当时人文主义者特别倡导人的尊严和人在宇宙中的独特地位。这种人文主义的精神稍后进入西方教育界,塑造了西方现代的独立人格,其影响一直延续到十九世纪。西方自由和民主的成长得力于人文主义教育,无人不知,就不用再说了。

中古时期,由于种种原因,希腊文学传统已在意大利地区消失无踪,既无人讲授,也无人研究。直到十三四世纪以后,意大利人文学者才逐渐从法国图书馆中发现希腊文稿,包括荷马史诗的原稿之类,终于酿成了“文艺复兴”运动。这是文化价值失而复得的一个最伟大的史证。中国经史子集的典籍俱在,何况,当年在传统精神价值中成长起来的先一辈人,早就在有意无意之间把他们的价值意识传到下一代身上。所以“守先待后”决不是一种幻想。

1949年以后的大错误,不在其为“进步史观”,而在其“定于一尊”。

西方的思想界是开放的,种种不同的史观都出现过,其中还有反“进步”的史观大行其道的,如斯宾格勒(Oswald Spengler 1880-1936)的《西方的没落》(The Decline of the West)和汤因比(Arnold J Toynbee 1889-1975)的《历史研究》(A Study of History)

今天很少人还相信有什么普遍规律为各民族或文化所共有;更不相信西方是先走上“现代”阶段,其他各民族落后了一步,但最后也会赶上来。换句话说,现在不存在什么“进步史观”足以构成“挑战”的对象了。
confucianism  chinese  tradition  culture  crisis  evolution  west  book  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
叶公好龙的皇帝:为什么热爱科学的康熙没有让中国提早进入现代化?
作者=李扬帆 来源=作者博客 传教士和欧洲思想家对康熙的误读…
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5 weeks ago
天皇难道是朝鲜人?作为骑马民族的日本与民族神话
作者=尹敏志 来源=2018年9月《经济观察报·书评》…
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5 weeks ago
Where Is Jamal Khashoggi
On Tuesday, a Saudi citizen named Jamal Khashoggi entered his country’s consulate in Istanbul, attempting to get a routine document relating to his impending…
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5 weeks ago
托克维尔之后的魏斐德
撰文:向珂 《东方历史评论》微信公号: ohistory…
from instapaper
5 weeks ago
Hidden Stories of Chinese Migration and Culture Found in Giant Genetic Study
Comb through the DNA of Chinese people and you’ll find a trace of this culinary story, according to the largest-scale genetic study of Chinese people to date, published Thursday in Cell. The authors reported that a mutation of FADS2, a gene involved in metabolizing fatty acids, is more common in northern than southern populations, indicating a diet richer in animal content. It is one of an assortment of findings resulting from a sweeping analysis of genetic information from 141,431 participants.

Minority ethnic groups showed more genetic divergence than the Han, particularly Uyghurs and Kazakhs in Xinjiang and Mongols in Inner Mongolia.
gene  genetics  chinese  region  comparison  research  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
The Clash of Ignorance

Samuel Huntington’s article "The Clash of Civilizations?" appeared in the Summer 1993 issue of Foreign Affairs, where it immediately attracted a surprising amount of attention and reaction
to supply Americans with an original thesis about "a new phase" in world politics after the end of the cold war,

Certainly neither Huntington nor Lewis has much time to spare for the internal dynamics and plurality of every civilization, or for the fact that the major contest in most modern cultures concerns the definition or interpretation of each culture, or for the unattractive possibility that a great deal of demagogy and downright ignorance is involved in presuming to speak for a whole religion or civilization. No, the West is the West, and Islam Islam.

Instead of seeing it for what it is–the capture of big ideas (I use the word loosely) by a tiny band of crazed fanatics for criminal purposes–

what is so threatening about that presence? Buried in the collective culture are memories of the first great Arab-Islamic conquests, which began in the seventh century and which, as the celebrated Belgian historian Henri Pirenne wrote in his landmark book Mohammed and Charlemagne (1939), shattered once and for all the ancient unity of the Mediterranean, destroyed the Christian-Roman synthesis and gave rise to a new civilization dominated by northern powers (Germany and Carolingian France) whose mission, he seemed to be saying, is to resume defense of the "West" against its historical-cultural enemies.

These are tense times, but it is better to think in terms of powerful and powerless communities, the secular politics of reason and ignorance, and universal principles of justice and injustice, than to wander off in search of vast abstractions that may give momentary satisfaction but little self-knowledge or informed analysis
muslim  debate  islam  terrorism  power  community  civ  conflict  europe  population  theory  leader  from instapaper
6 weeks ago
Meeting Her Parents, Meeting Her Country: an American's Taste of Korea
Garam returned with a triangle-shaped, seaweed-wrapped rice ball, and a short, rotund beverage container full of banana-flavored milk. She handed me the ball and explained how to open it: you were supposed to pull the tab marked “1” on the the back of the plastic wrapper which bisected the triangle, then you gently tugged on the corner marked “2” to remove half of the plastic wrapper, pulling next on the corner marked “3” to remove the rest of the wrapper.

Pleased with my triangular snack, I tried the banana milk, which made me question why it had taken me until the age of 24 to discover such a taste halfway around the world from my native country.
gaijin  korea  anecdote  food  plane  from instapaper
6 weeks ago
梁文道:主動出擊的思想(「中國的大腦」之三)
原有的思想言论和文化产品的审查机制从被动把关转为主动出击;使审查人员的工作从以不出错为原则,变成以挑错为目标。我担心这种动力同样也会出现在学术体制之内,现在从事习近平思想研究的人,可能跟过去做马克思主义研究的人不同,他们不会守在自己的有限园地当中,反而会对外进攻发起论战,这样子才能扩大自己的研究范围和成果,才能在国家认可的体制内更上层楼。
from instapaper
6 weeks ago
H-Diplo Commentary 1 on Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress | H-Diplo | H-Net
Reviewed by Nicolas Guilhot, CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
critic  book  enlightenment  from instapaper
6 weeks ago
內亞海洋與帝國秩序(四):羅馬時刻 – Zhongjing Liu | 劉仲敬 – Medium
你能夠征服,然後你的後代才能夠享受征服者留下的紅利,體現為福利形式。

勤奮是被征服者的美德,而勇敢是征服者的美德。

像孫恩(東晉五斗米教領袖,海寇頭領)那些人,或者像張角(東漢太平教教主,黃巾軍領袖)那些人,為什麼他出現在歷史記錄中的時候已經是連州跨省,擁有數十萬人馬,佔據了幾十個州的地方?

廬山會議實際上是他自己性格中小文人一面的體現,這種人比較容易幻想自己已經搞定了局面,他沈迷在自己的幻覺中,然後突然發現外在的形勢跟他的幻想不一樣,然後在這個幻想破滅的一瞬間會突然陷入人格崩潰的狀態,做出很多錯亂的事情來。

《大義覺迷錄》應該也是雍正在被他自己營造的環境所欺騙的一種產物。

日本人的問題是,他做事比較拘謹,也就是在有機會的時候,他沒有充分利用自己的機會,然後等機會喪失了以後他又後悔,來硬搶。這是極大的錯誤。在辛亥革命時,如果他當時就把東北整個吃下去,或者把愛新覺羅皇室遷到瀋陽的話,基本上沒有哪個列強會認真反對它,孫中山也不會反對,恐怕還會高興得不得了呢。

國民黨就是這樣完蛋的,它一定要冒充一個西方國家,也就是說要同時做獅子和蟑螂,於是它的成本太高而收效太低;而共產黨呢,效果雖然還不如他,但他至少把成本給壓到蟑螂的水平了,所以反而勝利了。

我見過很多次,被很多人認為是觀念的東西,到最後真的一查,結果都是跟當時的社會背景有非常密切的關係的。
japan  china  civ  today  idea  nation  qing  from instapaper
6 weeks ago
内亚海洋与帝国秩序(三):秩序洼地
沒有西方的技術的話,大清早已滅亡了。如果沒有西方技術的輸出的話,中共在九十年代末期也早已滅亡了。

東亞在孔子時代是有自身的秩序的,但在秦代以後,變成了一個喪失了秩序生產力的一個被動的物質

中國處在什麼樣的地位。它是由兩套機制維持的:第一套機制就是世界資本主義的秩序,吸收了沿海地區的中國人加入他們的代工環節;第二套機制就是吏治國家的汲取機器,它從這個代工環節中間收了大量的稅款,對它進行二次再分配,用來維持官僚和軍隊機器

在舊的十九世紀,以大英帝國為首的殖民主義秩序解體以後,我剛才講過的這三種秩序,美國的威爾遜主義的秩序、蘇聯的共產國際的秩序和日本的泛亞主義秩序,為了爭奪真命天子的職位,在遠東發起了一場龍爭虎鬥的戰役,戰鬥的結果就是我們看到的中國近代史。
china  ww2  history  from instapaper
6 weeks ago
林毅夫:挑战经济发展“条件论”
作者=李小云 来源=2017年5月《经济观察报·书评》 毫无疑问,林毅夫和孟加(Celestin…
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6 weeks ago
现代性酿就的大屠杀:抵达彼岸之前的血海
作者=维舟 来源=2017年6月《经济观察报·书评》…
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6 weeks ago
中国人是通过汉字把握万物的
微信ID:sanlianshutong 『生活需要读书和新知』…
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6 weeks ago
近代中国影响国际政治的三种商品
微信ID:sanlianshutong 『生活需要读书和新知』…
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6 weeks ago
Glossary – Isaac Meyer
I’ll be updating this term glossary with relevant terms in alphabetical order and their kanji where appropriate. If I used a term you can’t remember the meaning…
to:marginnote  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
French windows: an expat’s view of Paris

The most striking thing about the city, of course, is the people who live here. After almost two years here I’ve concluded that three terms sum up the Parisian experience like no other: la terrasse, faire le pont and la rentrée.

If in London you’re defined by where you work and in New York you’re defined by how much you earn, in Paris you’re defined by your ability to converse on books, philosophy or art. The French can discuss ideas for hours but equally can respond to almost any question — how was Saint-Tropez? Will Macron manage to reform France? How will the feud over [late rock star] Johnny Hallyday’s inheritance conclude? — with a shrug of their shoulders and two words: c’est compliqué.

in France there are 11 jours fériés or public holidays each year. If a férié falls on a Tuesday, you skip work on Monday as well, and make a bridge from the weekend. This is such a national pastime that there is even a section dedicated to le pont on the French public administration website.

€1m A four-bedroom duplex apartment in the loft of a recent building in the 20th arrondissement near Père Lachaise

€2m A three-bedroom apartment in the 2nd arrondissement overlooking the Places des Victoires

€5.9m A four-bedroom 294 square metre apartment at Trocadéro in the 16th arrondissement, south-facing with views of the Seine and the Eiffel Tower
temoignage  paris  british  français  life  gaijin  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
Letter of Recommendation Phyllis Rose’s ‘Parallel Lives’
A book on Victorian marriage doubles as a case for the transformative power of gossip.
book  love  couple  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
The French World Cup Win and the Glories of Immigration
In their victory on Sunday, the multiple, polyglot Les Bleus acted as the living refutation of one of the least sportsmanlike people on earth, Donald Trump.…
from instapaper
7 weeks ago
The Modern Origins of the Early Middle Ages | Reviews in History
The beginnings of Europe is not a very complicated historical subject. After the end of Roman domination in the fifth century CE, so-called ‘successor states’…
roman  empire  history  historian  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
Is there any real distinction between ‘high’ and ‘low’ pleasures?
The difficulty with resolving this disagreement about the kinds of pleasure is not that we struggle to agree on the right answer. It’s that we’re asking the wrong question. The entire debate assumes a clear divide between the intellectual and bodily, the human and the animal, which is no longer tenable. These days, few of us are card-carrying dualists who believe that we are made of immaterial minds and material bodies. We have plenty of scientific evidence for the importance of biochemistry and hormones in all that we do and think

Eating illustrates how the difference between higher and lower pleasures is not what you enjoy but how you enjoy it.

Mill was therefore right to believe that pleasures come in higher and lower forms but wrong to think that we could distinguish them on the basis of what we take pleasure in. What matters is how we enjoy them, which means that higher and lower pleasures are not two discrete categories but form a continuum.

When we learn how to take pleasure in bodily things in ways that engage our hearts and minds as well as our five senses, we give up the illusion that we are souls trapped in mortal coils, and we learn how to be fully human. We are neither angels above bodily pleasures nor crude beasts slavishly following them, but psychosomatic wholes who bring heart, mind, body and soul to everything we do.
body  mind  pleasure  philosophy  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
日本明治维新150年:“并非值得中国人羡慕的现代化转型方式”
孙歌,北京第二外国语学院日语学院特聘教授,中国社会科学院文学所研究员,主要研究领域为日本思想史,代表著作有《竹内好的悖论》《我们为什么要谈东亚》《思想史中的日本与中国》等。
read  from instapaper
8 weeks ago
中国人的公平观:表面追求大公无私 私下热爱厚黑学
这种历史上轮番争夺帝位的事件在日本的思维模式中却很难,因为A 的对立面不是非A ,而是B ,因此A 只能做自己的事,不能去想B 的事,A 也不能去占有属于B 的东西,这或许是日本天皇可以保留,实行君主制的逻辑根源。
theory  book  chinese  culture  thinking  comparison  concept  private  collective  justice  ethic  from instapaper
8 weeks ago
What the Octopus Knows
Reinhard Dirscherl / Getty My love affair with octopuses began when I was 9. On a summer holiday by the sea, I found Octopus and Squid: The Soft Intelligence…
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8 weeks ago
由任人擺布到彰顯才略,明治天皇如何面對突如其來的明治維新? | 故事
在排除守舊派人事後,維新政府的高層們為了實現使睦仁成為日本真正唯一「萬機總攬」的君王,還讓睦仁走出深幽的禁宮。慶應四年(1866)初,睦仁首次以政治上「一國之君」的身份接見了法國、荷蘭的外交使節,打破了自律令時代中國大唐帝國的名僧鑑真來日以來,天皇接見外國人的首例。

另外,同年三月中,維新政府又成功促成睦仁走出「京都」這個巨大封閉的空間,要求天皇巡視大坂,並檢閱了大坂灣的海軍。在那裡,青年睦仁第一次見到大海,而且也是數百年來第一個親眼看到大海的日本天皇,不論對維新政府或是天皇都極具重要的象徵意義。
from instapaper
8 weeks ago
The evidence is in: there is no language instinct – Vyvyan Evans | Aeon Essays
Our brains really are ‘language-ready’ in the following limited sense: they have the right sort of working memory to process sentence-level syntax, and an unusually large prefrontal cortex that gives us the associative learning capacity to use symbols in the first place. Then again, our bodies are language-ready too: our larynx is set low relative to that of other hominid species, letting us expel and control the passage of air. And the position of the tiny hyoid bone in our jaws gives us fine muscular control over our mouths and tongues, enabling us to make as many as the 144 distinct speech sounds heard in some languages.
brain  language  baby  biology  research  linguist  debate  theory  gene  from instapaper
8 weeks ago
The Mystery of People Who Speak Dozens of Languages
An extreme language learner has a more-than-random chance of being a gay, left-handed male on the autism spectrum, with an autoimmune disorder, such as asthma or allergies. (Endocrine research, still inconclusive, has investigated the hypothesis that these traits may be linked to a spike in testosterone during gestation.)
language  brain  club  world  malta  linguist  from instapaper
8 weeks ago
Letter of Recommendation Murphy Beds
A regular old bed just sits there, inert, banal, a little sad. But a Murphy bed pops out of the wall — boing! — like the punch line to a dirty joke. It is an instant boudoir. You pull down your Murphy bed and a saucy question seems to hang in the air: Now what?
bedroom  bed  home  fun  couple  young  from instapaper
8 weeks ago
Yuval Noah Harari on Why Technology Favors Tyranny - The Atlantic

- In 2018 the common person feels increasingly irrelevant.
By 2050, a useless class might emerge, the result not only of a shortage of jobs or a lack of relevant education but also of insufficient mental stamina to continue learning new skills.

- whatever liberal democracy’s philosophical appeal, it has gained strength in no small part thanks to a practical advantage: The decentralized approach to decision making that is characteristic of liberalism—in both politics and economics.
In the late 20th century, democracies usually outperformed dictatorships, because they were far better at processing information.
Democracy distributes the power to process information and make decisions among many people and institutions, whereas dictatorship concentrates information and power in one place.
- If you disregard all privacy concerns and concentrate all the information relating to a billion people in one database, you’ll wind up with much better algorithms than if you respect individual privacy and have in your database only partial information on a million people.

- What will happen to this view of life as we rely on AI to make ever more decisions for us?
once we begin to count on AI to decide what to study, where to work, and whom to date or even marry, human life will cease to be a drama of decision making, and our conception of life will need to change. Democratic elections and free markets might cease to make sense. So might most religions and works of art.
If we are not careful, we will end up with downgraded humans misusing upgraded computers to wreak havoc on themselves and on the world.

- For starters, we need to place a much higher priority on understanding how the human mind works—particularly how our own wisdom and compassion can be cultivated.
- More practically, and more immediately, if we want to prevent the concentration of all wealth and power in the hands of a small elite, we must regulate the ownership of data.
advice  future  crisis  ai  society  politics  people  life  work  mentality  human  democracy  liberal  dictatorship  competition  from instapaper
9 weeks ago
The Unburied Stone
Manazuru peninsula, Japan Hanōkizawa-san tells me to stop the car, and from the backseat points at an anonymous granite cliffside ten meters away. “There , ” he…
from instapaper
9 weeks ago
长租公寓拉涨了北京房租,上海会是下一个吗?
作者:chenqin 自如、蛋壳等长租公寓,在北京的房租上升里扮演了一个什么角色?大部分观点认为,他们是房租上涨的罪魁祸首;也有一小部分观点认为,房租上涨只是市场行为。本文针对这个问题进行一些简单研究。 首先感谢 @城市数据团…
beijing  shanghai  appartement  comparison  data  from instapaper
10 weeks ago
Letter of Recommendation Recently Returned Books
They were not chosen to signal anyone’s intellect or righteousness or in-the-know-ness. They are often old and very often ugly. I’ve come to think of this shelf as an escape from hype, a kind of anti-curation.
library  idea  moi  serendipity  choice  reading  book  from instapaper
10 weeks ago
The Western Elite from a Chinese Perspective - American Affairs Journal
T he Evangelical Christians I have met in the United States often talk about how reading the Bible changed their lives. They talk about being born again. I am…
west  education  money  success  business  chinese  from instapaper
11 weeks ago
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