ap + cognition   25

Why My MOOC is Not Built on Video | Dhawal Shah @ MOOC Report
The concepts [outlined in the videos] were clear: I could follow the explanations easily and the examples put things in context and helped me understand the importance of knowing statistics! But 2 weeks later… I couldn’t remember [how to relate the concepts]. I had to watch the videos one more time, then everything was clear again. But a month later … You know where this is going. […] Without manipulating the new concepts through writing things down, making summaries, diagrams, working through examples and so on… I just forgot.


Derek Muller (Veritasium) claims […] typical physics videos do nothing to clear students’ misconceptions – unless these misconceptions are tackled head on, creating a sense of confusion.
education  cognition  ! 
march 2015 by ap
Why diversity matters (the meritocracy business) | Eric Ries
And yet, when I suggest this practice to hiring managers and recruiters alike, they rarely do it. Hiring managers say, “the recruiter would never go for it” while recruiters say, “the hiring manager won’t accept it.” What I think we’re really saying is: “I don’t want to know if I am biased.” That’s understandable – it’s embarrassing! Even if our biases are only implicit and not consciously held, the systems we build can still contain bias. When we change a hiring policy, especially if we do it in a visible way, we reap two benefits. We actually improve our hiring process and also signal our commitment to meritocracy.
diversity  cognition  bias  advice  recommended  ! 
january 2013 by ap
Racism And Meritocracy | Eric Ries @ TechCrunch
I previously described on my blog one simple change I made to the hiring process at my last company. I asked all of our recruiters to give me all resumes of prospective employees with their name, gender, place of origin, and age blacked out. This simple change shocked me, because I found myself interviewing different-looking candidates – even though I was 100% convinced that I was not being biased in my resume selection process. If you’re screening resumes, or evaluating applicants to a startup school, I challenge you to adopt this procedure immediately, and report on the results.
I asked if they were planning to apply. Their response: “oh, no, it’s a waste of time. Y Combinator doesn’t accept people like me.” Where did they get that idea? Surely not from YC’s partners, who as far as I can tell are scrupulously fair in their dealings with entrepreneurs. Rather, they got that impression by inferring that there is probably implicit bias in YC’s admissions process, and that they’d be better off spending their time doing something else other than applying to YC. […] There are qualified minority applicants who are choosing – rationally – to invest their time and energy elsewhere.
diversity  cognition  bias  advice  recommended  ! 
january 2013 by ap
Effects of Typography on Reader Mood and Productivity | Dmitry Fadeyev @ UsabilityPost
In their paper titled _The Aesthetics of Reading_, Kevin Larson and Rosalind Picard present their findings on the effects of typography on reader mood and cognitive performance. They conducted two studies, each involving 20 people. […] The lesson here is […] good typography has a clear impact on the mood of the reader [… and thereby] on our productivity, at least in the sphere of certain creative tasks.
typography  cognition  ! 
november 2012 by ap
Why Hawks Win | Daniel Kahneman & Jonathan Renshon @ Foreign Policy
On one side are the hawks: They tend to favor coercive action, are more willing to use military force, and are more likely to doubt the value of offering concessions. […] On the other side are the doves, skeptical about the usefulness of force and more inclined to contemplate political solutions. […] When we constructed a list of the biases uncovered in 40 years of psychological research, we were startled by what we found: All the biases in our list favor hawks. These psychological impulses – only a few of which we discuss here – incline national leaders to exaggerate the evil intentions of adversaries, to misjudge how adversaries perceive them, to be overly sanguine when hostilities start, and overly reluctant to make necessary concessions in negotiations.
psychology  cognition  bias  politics 
august 2012 by ap
The neuroscience of Bob Dylan’s genius | The Guardian
Unless poets are stumped by the form, unless they are forced to look beyond the obvious associations, they’ll never invent an original line. […] When a poet needs to find a rhyming word with exactly three syllables or an adjective that fits the iambic scheme, he ends up uncovering all sorts of unexpected connections; the difficulty of the task accelerates the insight process.
cognition  creativity  recommended  ! 
april 2012 by ap
Angry Birds, Farmville and Other Hyperaddictive ‘Stupid Games’ | NYTimes.com
Game-studies scholars (there are such things) like to point out that games tend to reflect the societies in which they are created and played. […] The enemy in Tetris is not some identifiable villain (Donkey Kong, Mike Tyson, Carmen Sandiego) but a faceless, ceaseless, reasonless force that threatens constantly to overwhelm you, a churning production of blocks against which your only defense is a repetitive, meaningless sorting. […]

When I spoke to Frank Lantz, the creator of Drop7, he seemed humbled by his own game. He said Drop7 felt less like something that he and his team had created than something they had discovered — “a little corner of the universe that people hadn’t visited before, that predates us and will be around after we’re gone.” […]

“There’s no word for that in English, for a thing that does both of those at the same time. But it’s wonderful.” I asked him if he knew a word for that in another language. He said no, but then he thought for a minute.
games  cognition  psychology  sociology  beauty  recommended  ! 
april 2012 by ap
Analysis vs Algebra predicts eating corn? | Ben Tilly
I wouldn’t be surprised to find out that where people fall in the emacs/vi debate is correlated with how they eat corn.
amusing  cognition  psychology  ! 
august 2010 by ap
The Rhetoric of the Hyperlink
In the Web of hyperlinks, writing has found its wall.
culture  history  writing  philosophy  cognition  media  art  language  web  recommended  ! 
march 2010 by ap
Fingerprints: Signal Processors for Touch | arXiv blog
There is a growing awareness [in robotics] that the processing power of the nervous system, including the brain, simply cannot handle the volume of number crunching that has to be done to keep a living body on the road. Instead, it looks increasingly clear that the brain outsources much of this work to the body itself: to the joints, ligaments, muscles, skin etc.
science  engineering  cognition  perception  complexity  ! 
february 2010 by ap
Do Subatomic Particles Have Free Will? | Science News
If you believe in determinism, you have to believe it all the way. No escape possible. Conway and Kochen have shown here in a beautiful way that a half-hearted belief in pseudo-determinism is impossible to sustain.
science  physics  metaphysics  cognition  ! 
june 2009 by ap
In Defense of Eye Candy | Stephen P. Anderson @ A List Apart
Researchers in Japan setup two ATMs, “identical in function, the number of buttons, and how they worked.” The only difference was that one machine’s buttons and screens were arranged more attractively than the other. In both Japan and Israel (where this study was repeated) researchers observed that subjects encountered fewer difficulties with the more attractive machine. The attractive machine actually *worked* better.
design  cognition  usability  ! 
june 2009 by ap
The desktop metaphor is, like, so five minutes ago | Ethan Hein
As a teacher of novice users, the phrase you hear a lot is: “I don’t know where I am, I want to go here.” This is an interesting phrase to me. No one says, “I don’t know which task or process is set to receive text input.” People intuitively conceptualize computer interfaces as places inhabited by their own bodies.
hci  cognition  ! 
june 2009 by ap
Flynn effect | Wikipedia
The rise of the average intelligence quotient (IQ) test scores over generations (IQ gains over time). It is an effect seen in most parts of the world, although at greatly varying rates. It is named after James R. Flynn, who did much to document it and promote awareness of its implications. This increase has been continuous and roughly linear from the earliest days of testing to the present.
cognition  intelligence  history  skepticism  :wikipedia  ! 
june 2009 by ap
When using gestures, rules of grammar remain the same
The research challenges the idea that the language we speak inevitably shapes the way we think when we are not speaking. This study is the first to test the notion with respect to word order.
language  cognition  science  ! 
april 2009 by ap
Chimp who threw stones at zoo visitors showed human trait, says scientist | guardian.co.uk
“Forward planning like this is supposed to be uniquely human; it implies a consciousness that is very special, that you can close your eyes you can see this inner world,” he said.
psychology  cognition  science  ! 
april 2009 by ap
All Are Skill Unaware | Robin Hanson
Many psychologists have noted Kruger and Dunning’s main data is better explained by positing simply that we all have noisy estimates of our ability and of task difficulty. […] So why does Google blog search finds zero mentions of this refutation? My guess: because under this theory you should listen to those you disagree with instead of writing them off as idiots.
psychology  intelligence  cognition  culture  ! 
november 2008 by ap
Poor, arid, and, in appearance, deformed | Mark Liberman @ Language Log
At least in lexicographic terms, the Indo-European languages do not, contrary to what Whorf says, share a linguistic history that predisposes their speakers unconsciously to a particular physics of time, distance, velocity and so on.
language  cognition  etymology  philosophy  inspirational  ! 
march 2008 by ap
Self-Consciousness Among the Stars | Paul Gilster
“Are we looking for only intelligent beings, or conscious beings, or beings like ourselves who are both? When we search for extraterrestrial intelligence, are we actually searching for extraterrestrial minds?”
astronomy  cognition  intelligence  seti  inspirational  ! 
november 2007 by ap
26 Reasons What You Think is Right is Wrong
A cognitive bias is something that our minds commonly do to distort our own view of reality. Here are the 26 most studied and widely accepted cognitive biases.
cognition  bias  psychology 
september 2007 by ap
The Science of Word Recognition, or how I learned to stop worrying and love the bouma | Kevin Larson
I will [describe] the word shape model and serial and parallel models of letter recognition, [show] data that was used as evidence, […] evaluate the models in terms of their ability to support the data, [and describe a] model that is currently popular
perception  cognition  psychology  science  typography  recommended  ! 
april 2007 by ap
Hallucinations | xkcd
And the possibility of lucid dreaming just makes it that much more fascinating.
cognition  :comic 
january 2007 by ap
The Genius is in the Details | Aaron Swartz
These guys are speaking exactly as you would expect smart people to – thinking at a high level, working with the big ideas – yet the things they say are so incredibly stupid that they either don’t mean anything or mean something […] impossible.
cognition  ! 
december 2006 by ap
Forget Something? We Wish We Could
Scientists who work with patients suffering from PTSD are developing a new science that has been called "therapeutic forgetting." But by erasing traumatic memories, are we changing the person? Are we erasing capacity for empathy?
psychology  cognition 
april 2005 by ap
A genius explains
Savants can't usually tell us how they do what they do. It just comes to them. Daniel can. He describes what he sees in his head. That's why he's exciting. He could be the Rosetta Stone.
science  cognition  neurology 
february 2005 by ap

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